COMPANY

SERVICES

TARIFFS

SITE MAP

ANNOUNCEMENT

TO REACH US

TURKISH

 

History

HOME
COMPANY
History  align=


      

THE MILESTONES OF TÜRK TELEKOM
"Postahane-i Amirane" has been established on 23.10.1840 by Sultan Abdülmecit.

9 August 1847

After the first realization of sending and reception of a telegraph message, the first telegraph line was started to install between İstanbul-Edirne.

July 1881

In İstanbul, a telephone circuit was established between the Ministry of Post and Telegraph in Soğukçeşme and the Post Office in Yenicami.

23 May 1909

The first manual telephone exchange with the 50 line capacity was established in İstanbul Great Post Office.

4 February 1924

With the Telephone and Telegraph Law numbered 406, General Directorate of Post, telegraph and Telephone was authorized to install and operate telephone network all around Turkey.

11 September 1926

The first Automatic telephone exchange with the 2000 line capacity was put into service in Ankara.

1 September 1929

The first telephone conversation over a telephone circuit between Ankara and İstanbul was realized.

1940

The establishment of two units of Ankara-İstanbul single channel open wire line multiplex systems made the telecommunication more easier.

November 1973

The first automatic telex exchange was established.

6 April 1976

By putting the first submarine coaxial cable with 480 total channel into service between Antalya and Catania, the international conversation over multi channels was provided.

23 April 1979

By putting the first satellite eart station into service, the communication over INTELSAT by using the satellites of Atlantical region between Turkey and 13 countries was provided.

March 1982

Public Payphones open to domestic and international calls were established.

28 June 1984

Electronic Mail Service was put into service between Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir and Adana.

5 July 1984

The multi access special radio link system connecting a lot of villages to the automatic telephone network over a system was established.

18 December 1984

Turkey's first digital telephone exchange was put into service in Kavaklıdere in Ankara.

10 April 1985

Fiber optic cable increasing channel capacity in communication was installed for the first time beginnig from 37th km. of Ankara-Konya highway.

November 1985

The first radio link system was put into service between Ankara and İstanbul. 

 

23 October 1986

Mobile Telephone system was put into service in Ankara and İstanbul and Paging system in Ankara, İstanbul and İzmir.

4 March 1987

The first video-conference in Europe over satellite system was realized in Turkey.

15 July 1987

The first fiber optic cable among provinces was installed on the pole between Aydın and Denizli

December 1988

Cable-TV service has been put into service for the first time in Çankaya in Ankara.

1989

 

The first Packet Switching Data Network, TURPAK was set up by using DPN modules. X-25, ITI and SNA services were put into use over the network.

 

21 December 1990

The contract about "TURKSAT National Communication Satellites" was made with the French Firm Aerospatiale.

24 December 1990

With the project EMOS1, the communication via fiber optic submarine cable system between Italy, Greece, Turkey and Middle-East was provided.

1991

 

Low-capacity digital radio link systems were put into service in order to provide the transmission of exchanges in rural areas

23 February 1994

Turkey met with GSM technology. GSM which knows no limit in communication was put into service firstly for its subscribers in Ankara, İstanbul and İzmir.

April 1994

Centrex Telephony Service, which provides all functions of PABX over national telephony network, was put into service

11 August 1994

Turkey's first satellite TURKSAT-1B was launched into the space.

1994

TURMEOS-1 (Turkey's optic cable system of Marmara and Ege region) and TURCYOS (Turkey-North Cyprus submarine fiber optic cable system) were put into service.

24 April 1995

By separating the telecommunication and Postal services in PTT from each other, Türk Telekomünikasyon A.Ş. was founded.

1996

Submarine fiber optic cable system covering Turkey-Italy-Ukraine-Russia (ITUR) was put into service.

 

1996

 

Central Collection System was put into service in order to provide the on-line payments of our customers from PTT centers, contracted banks and Turk Telekom Collection Offices.

 

 

1996

 

 

With the addition of passport modules, Frame Relay and ATM services, providing high speed data transmission over TURPAK network, were put into use

 

12 April 1996

No.7 which is a signalling system between exchanges and forms the instrastructure of transferring of voice, data and picture was applied in Turkey.

10 July 1996

Turkey's 2nd satellite TÜRKSAT 1C was launched.

1996

Turkey's National Internet Backbone Network (TURNET) was put into service.

7 November 1996

The contract for Eurasiasat joint-venture company was signed between Türk Telekom and Aerospatiale the firm producing TURKSAT satellites.

November 1996

Frame Relay service which enables data transfer at high speed was put into service.

 

 

1997

National Academic Web (ULAKNET) Project, connecting all universities in Turkey over TURPAK network,  is realized

April 1997

In order to use the voice frequency cable network in an optimum manner, digital line multiplexer systems were launched. 

1997

KAFOS (Blacksea Fiber Optic System) and TBL (Land Fiber Optic System of Trans Balkan Link) were put into service.

1998

The cash payed card was put into service in Turkey by the name of Global Telephony Card.

27 April 1998

GSM network was transfered to the firms Turkcell and Telsim for 25 years by giving licence.

28 August 1998

In order to spread the internet communication all over Turkey fast and in good quality, the contract about Ttnet National Internet Backbone network was signed.

February 1999

In order to provide the PSTN and other narrow band services, access multiplexer systems,   working over fiber optic cables,  were put into service.

June 1999

ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) was put into service in order to provide high speed voice and image communication on

July 1999

 

Wireless telephony system which provides wireless access to local exchange, was put into service.

 

 

2000

 

Services such as 115, 121, 122, 123, 126, 131, 163 etc., given by operators, were started over Intelligent Voice Reply (IVR).

 

 

2000

 

The satellite TURKSAT-2A will be launched into the space by the beginning of the year 2000.

 

2000

 

Cable Internet applications were started on Cable TV.

 

November 2000

 

SAY2000 Project, infrastructure of which was provided by Türk Telekom, was put into use countrywide to enable the daily works of accountancies to be applied on computer and to observe the government accounts daily.

29 January 2000

Türk Telekom became a joint-stock company, dependent on special law provisions.

11 January 2001

TURKSAT-2A was launched from the Kourou in South America.

May 2001

CLIP and CLIR functions were put into service.

June 2001

 

ILSIS Project was realized for enabling the applications of Directorates of Education to be applied on computer and providing them Internet access.

 

2002

 

Pilot applications of TQM were started in Yalova and Balıkesir Telekom Directorates.

 

 

1 February 2002

 

 

Our Company has been a member of ITU (International Telecommunication Union), and on sectoral basis, ITU-R, ITU-T, ITU-D.

 

 

March 2002

 

MERNIS Project, the infrastructure of which was provided by Türk Telekom, was started in order to realize demographical operations on computer.

 

April 2003

 

SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) based digital radio systems were put in to service.

 

 

October 2003

 

 

First trial implementations of Metro Ethernet were started.

 

 

December 2003

 

A joint project with Ministry of Education about connecting 42.500 schools to Internet by using ADSL service was launched.

 

18 May 2004

 

MEDTURK Submarine Fiber Optic Cable System between İstanbul-Turkey and Catania (Italy) was put into service.

 

2004

 

TT&TIM Communication Services Inc., establihed by the merger of Turk Telekom’s GSM Operator Aycell and İŞ-TİM, was officially founded as “Avea Communication Services Inc.” on 19 February 2004.

 

June 2004

 

Prepaid Card, called TTkart, was put into service.

 

2004

 

Besides 118 service, in order to provide consultation and value added services, Call Center was put into service.

 

 

June 2004

Yalova and Balıkesir Telekom Directorates were awarded with ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System Certificate.

22 July 2004

Türksat A.Ş. was established and started operating apart from Türk Telekom.

2004

 

TTIDC, which gives value added services such as Web Hosting, Mail Hosting and Co-location, was established to  provide the Internet Data Center needs of public and private institutions.

 

2004

 

Point to point DSL service was put into use for providing the point to point data transfers of local offices of public institutions and corporate customers.

 

2004

 

High speed Frame Relay and ATM services on TURPAK network, were put into operation in all provinces.

 

25 January 2005

 

By the Cabinet Decision, no. 2005/8409, the duty and the responsibility of establishing       “E-Government Gateway” was given to Türk Telekom.

 

February 2005

TTwinet-Wireless Internet Service was put into service in 160 hotspot points such as hotels, airports, shopping centers, cafes, restaurants, exhibition centers, universities etc.

14 November 2005

Türk Telekom's privatization process was completed and %55 shares of Turk Telekom was sold to Oger Telecoms Joint Venture Group.




HOME >> COMPANY >> History
Back Geri
Türk Telekom  WebTech Grubu Tarafından Hazırlanmıştır

© Türk Telekomünikasyon A.Ş. 2002-2003- All rights reserved.
Web Technologies Team of Türk Telekom