Methodology for Calculating Seats
  1. Each current member nation of the UN receives a set of Population Seats. The number of seats is determined by using the Penrose method, which takes the square root of millions of inhabitants (rounding down). Each nation is guaranteed 1 seat.
  2. Based on the total number of Population Seats, an additional allotment of Economic Seats is created by taking 10% of the total population seats (e.g. 600 Population Seats => 60 Economic Seats)
  3. Rounding down, each nation receives a share of the Economic Seats equal to its portion of the world's total GDP. Most nations receive none. Only the most productive and populous nations end up receiving any economic seats at all (US, Japan, UK, Germany, China, etc). Given the fact that their voting power is appropriately leveled by the Penrose method, there's nothing unfair towards smaller nations in marginally rewarding economic output.
  4. The number of seats a nation is allowed to fill is then determined by their classification as Free, Partially Free and Not Free by the NGO Freedom House. A free country can fill all its seats, a partially free two-thirds and a nation deemed not free only half of its seats. Numbers are rounded up to the closest integer.
  5. The final number of seats a nation is allowed to fill is finally reserved for a nation's various domestic political parties based on the parties' share of seats in their national bodies (that, if they exist at all, are directly elected by the people). The number is rounded off to the closest integer. If a nation ends up with unfilled seats, a seat is reserved for the parties that haven't yet received one and that have the most seats domestically.
Public Domain, 2004 - 2005