History of the Creative Education Foundation


Alex Osborn, legendary advertising executive and coiner of the term "brainstorming", establishes the Creative Education Foundation.


CEF holds the first annual Creative Problem Solving Institute (CPSI) at the University of Buffalo, attracting 200 participants. Professor Sid Parnes joins Osborn to develop a comprehensive educational program for the Institute.


CEF sponsors a Leadership Convocation, bringing together the pioneers of the creative thinking movement, including Calvin Taylor, J.P. Guilford, E. Paul Torrance, and Donald MacKinnon.


CPSI inaugurates Leadership Training Program. CEF offers the first of a series of programs to US Army Generals the US State Department Policy Planning Council.


Parnes and Harold Harding edit the first definitive edition of Creative Thinking.


CEF commences a three-year project, under a major grant from the US Office of Education, to study the deliberate development of CPS at Buffalo State College.


Osborn dies, leaving Parnes at the helm of the Foundation. CEF sponsored the nation's first graduate course in Creative Studies at Buffalo State University College.


CEF launches the Journal of Creative Behavior, the first research publication devoted entirely to the science of creativity. Parnes publishes the work of the Institute's creative training programs in Creative Behavior Guidebook and Creative Behavior Workbook.


CEF begins a three-year sponsorship of the most comprehensive longitudinal research ever conducted on the development of deliberate creativity at Buffalo State College.


Sidney Shore launches Creativity in Action, CEF's monthly newsletter. A series of regional problem solving institutes is launched in California, Washington, Minnesota, Connecticut, Florida, and Arizona.


CEF sponsors the Master of Science degree in Creative Studies at Buffalo State University.


CEF publishes The Magic of Your Mind (Parnes), The Search for Satori and Creativity (Torrance), Way Beyond the IQ (Guilford), In Search of Human Effectiveness (MacKinnon), and Creativity and Psychological Health (Barron).


CEF celebrates its 25th anniversary. Over 700 participants attend CPSI's Summerfest in Buffalo, and 200 more attend its Winterfest in San Diego. CPSI now offers four major program streams: Springboard for novices, Leadership Development Program, CPSI YouthWise, and Extending sessions for exploratory studies.


CEF inaugurates Visioning Workshops at Disney World's Epcot Center in Florida.


CEF and Buffalo State College sponsor Creative Studies as a Certificate Program to the University of California at San Diego.


CEF partners with the US Small Business Administration to sponsor the National Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Conference. CEF launches its Speakers' Bureau.


Incoming CEO John Meyerhoff expands CEF's educational perspective to include business training. In Perspective, a quarterly publication for Institute Alumni launched by Tom Kuby.


CPSI goes global with its first Australian Creative Problem Solving Institute and promotion in South America and Europe. Doris Shallcross initiates two major programs: the President's Convocation to exchange leading edge thinking in the field of creativity, and Global Odyssey to bring young people from around the globe to CPSI.


Shallcross launches CEF Press to enable the Foundation to become an international clearinghouse for publications in the field of creativity.


CEF Publishes Parnes' Sourcebook for Creative Problem Solving, a mini-encyclopedia of deliberate creativity techniques.


CEF celebrates its 40th Anniversary with the publication of a commemorative history of the organization.


CEF offers VIP Days at CPSI Summerfest to introduce local and national government leaders to CPS.


First Encyclopedia of Creativity includes section on "Programs and Courses in Creativity", featuring CPSI, CPS, and the CEF.


CEF established the CPSI Council to oversee the activities of CPSI's two major annual conferences, Summerfest and Winterfest.


CEF Board of Trustees approves new strategic plan to transform CEF into the CEF Guild, broadening its mission to promote Applied Imagination through advocacy, education, outreach and thought leadership.


CEF celebrates its 50th annual Creative Problem Solving Institute in Grand Island, Buffalo, New York.