U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Pacific Region
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service EmblemNWRS Logo
Willapa National Wildlife Refuge

3888 SR 101
Ilwaco, Washington 98624-9707
(360) 484-3482

Refuge office is located 13 miles north of Ilwaco on U.S. Highway 101. Long Island accessible only by boat at higher tide. Other units are separated by up to 25 miles of driving. Write for map.


  • Wintering waterfowl include black brant, trumpeter swans, Canada geese, canvasback, scaup, bufflehead, scoters, and American wigeon.
  • Black bear, deer, elk and numerous smaller mammals are present.
  • Numerous shorebirds use the refuge during migrations.


11,000 acres of refuge land vary from sand dunes, sand beaches and mud flats to grasslands, saltwater and freshwater marshes, and coniferous forest. Vegetation is abundant and diverse. Long Island has a stand of old-growth western red cedar-western hemlock forest.


  • Wildlife observation, study, and photography
  • Fishing, clamming, and crabbing in Willapa Bay and tributary streams and on ocean beaches
  • Camping in five primitive campgrounds on Long Island (boat access only)
  • Boat launch at refuge headquarters
  • Trails on Long Island and at Leadbetter Point
  • Waterfowl hunting
  • Big game and upland game archery hunting

The refuge administers a Presidential Proclamation Boundary that closes a portion of Willapa Bay to waterfowl hunting