[graphic] National Historic Landmarks Program header [graphic]NPS Arrowhead and link to www.nps.gov[photo] Chrysler Building, New York[photo] Brown Chapel, Selma AL[phtoto] Cape Hatteras Light Station, Buxton, North Carolina[photo] Pioneer Deep Space Station, Fort Irwin, CA
Alcatraz Island

San Francisco, California
County of San Francisco.
San Francisco Bay. Golden Gate National Recreation Area
National Register Number: 76000209
Resource type: District.
Property type: Defense - fortification. The threat level was Watch in
Congressional District: CA-8 Certified Local Government: YES
This NHL offers public access.
Please contact the NHL directly for visitor information.
Current use/information: http://www.nps.gov/alcatraz/.
Web Site: www.nps.gov/alcatraz.

Statement of Significance (as of designation - January 17, 1986):
Begun as a military fortification and the site of the first U.S. lighthouse on the Pacific Coast (1854), Alcatraz was the first official Army prison in the nation. In 1934, the facility was transferred to civilian authority and it became the repository for the most hardened criminals. Alcatraz represents the far end of the penological spectrum, designed for punishment and incarceration only, rather than rehabilitation. The prison was closed in 1963, and ten years later the island was opened to the public as the first unit of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Comments and questions about the database may be directed to NHL_info@nps.gov