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Country Profile: Chad (Republic of Chad)

1. Geography
Area: 1,284,000 sq.km.; desert in the north, dry grassland in centre, thick bush in the south. The sea is 1000 km in distance.
Population: 7,650,982 in 2000; 9,887,331 in 2010; 13,908,122 in 2025
Capital: N’djamena (650,000)

2. Peoples
Sudanic: 45%
Saharan: 13.3%
Arab: 11.3%
Quaddai-Fur: 11%
Guera-Naba: 10%
Chari-Bagirmi: 5.9%
Other: 2.5%
Foreign: 1%
Literacy: 10%
Official language: French (only spoken by the educated), Arabic (spoken by about 60% of the population)

3. Economy
A subsistence economy. Lack of rainfall, severe droughts, distance from the sea, post-independence civil wars and a rudimentary road system have hindered any economic progress. Very few natural resources but for cattle. Significant oil deposits near Lake Chad and in the southwest could bring progress if wisely developed.

4. Politics
Independent from France in 1960. The non-Muslim Southerners were politically dominant until 1978, but since 1979 northern Muslim factions have fought amongst themselves for power, with interventions by Libya, France and others. There has been a succession of military governments, interspersed with localized rebellions. The Zaghawa-dominated government pays lip service to democracy.

5. Religions
Muslim: 4,208,040 adherents (55% of population)
Christian: 2,125,443 adherents (27.78% of population)
Traditional ethnic: 1,224,157 adherents (16% of population)
Baha’i: 80,335 adherents (1.05% of population)
Non-religious/other: 13,000 adherents (0.17% of population)
Churches: Catholic (265,692 members)
Evangelical Ch in Chad (EET) (147,796 members)
Christian Brethren (ACT) (120,000 members)
Baptist (53,892 members)
Lutheran Brethren (24,000 members)
New Apostolic (37,000 members)
Apostolic (9,500 members)
Grace Brethren (EEF) (7,000 members)
Ch of God (Cleveland) (6,000 members)
Evangelical Ch of C (ECWA) (7,000 members)
Seventh-day Adventist (1,500 members)
Assemblies of God (2,800 members)
Evangelical Assemblies (Breth) (1,500 members)
Other denominations (33,965 members)

For sources used please click on ‘About Religious Intelligence’

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