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PARLIAMENT AND STATE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES


COMPOSITION OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND STATE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES


The Federal Constitution provides for the election of 222 members to the House of Representatives, while the various State Constitutions provide for specified number of members to be elected to the respective State Legislative Assemblies.

The number of seats to the House of Representative and the State Legislative Assemblies are as in Table 1:

TABLE 1 : PARLIAMENT AND STATE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY SEATS
State
House of Representatives
State Legislative Assemblies

Perlis

3

15
Kedah
15
36
Kelantan
14
45
Terengganu
8
32
Pulau Pinang
13
40
Perak
24
59
Pahang
14
42
Selangor
22
56
Negeri Sembilan
8
36
Melaka
6
28
Johor
26
56
Federal Territory (Kuala Lumpur)
11
-
Federal Territory (Putrajaya)
1
-
Federal Territory (Labuan)
1
-
 
Total for the States in the Peninsular
166
445
 
Sabah
25
60
Sarawak
31
71
 
Total for Malaysia
222
576
 
  Details On The Breakdown of Seats In The House of Representatives and Legislative Assembly for Each State


The creation of Parliamentary and State Assembly seats is done through view and delimitation exercise as provided for under Article 113 and the 13th schedule of the Federal Constitution.

Article 113 (4) of the Federal Constitution has a provision to authorise other elections if the Feeder or State Laws allow it. The Commission has conducted an election to a Local Authority / Council previously and Section 19 of the Election Offences Act 1954 gives details of election expenses allowed. However, due to the declaration of emergency under the Emergency (Essential Powers) Act 1964, on September 18, 1964 elections to the Local Authority were suspended. This suspension was never lifted and in 1976 Local Authority elections were abolished. Instead, all councilors are appointed by the State Authorities.