Santos wants position clear on 1992 elections
at the opening of a meeting of the MPLA central committee
on 26 November, President José Eduardo dos Santos
said there was a need for the National Assembly and Supreme
Court to state clearly whether or not there should be a
second round of presidential elections to complete the electoral
process started in 1992.
President stressed that �elections are, for the governing
party, a fundamental challenge in this political process,
in view of the fact that in a democratic system they are
the only way of legitimising the exercise of power�.
Angolans should therefore gear their efforts to preparing,
organising and holding the next general elections, he said,
while stability, security and, above all, the people�s confidence
in the electoral process should be the major concerns.
results of legislative elections and the establishment of
a renewed parliament may make it possible to achieve a consensus
more rapidly, and permit the adoption of a new constitution
with a more realistic view of the system of government we
want, and one that guarantees stability,� he said.
Santos went on to say that the MPLA would �continue to be
deeply engaged in the process of political stabilisation
in Angola�, adding that the Luena Understanding signed by
the government and Unita was �an irreversible landmark�.
he said, had enabled state bodies to determine and programme
their plans and tasks more objectively, while enabling the
people and society to gauge and evaluate the work of those
dissolves constitutional commission
National Assembly passed a law on 19 November dissolving
the constitutional commission.
law tabled by the MPLA transfers the work of approving a
new constitution to the commission on constitutional and
legal affairs, seen as the natural body to deal with such
constitutional commission started its work in February 1998,
but ceased to function on 12 May this year when opposition
parties suspended their participation in it. The law dissolving
it was passed, with amendments, by 96 votes, with 56 against
and four abstentions, after a debate during which the opposition
argued that it should be maintained.
commission on constitutional and legal affairs approved
the dissolution, stating that the adoption of a new constitution
was not an isolated act, but part of a broader process of
ensuring peace, national reconciliation and democratisation.
de Sousa, leader of the MPLA parliamentary group, said a
new constitution was no longer a priority.
MPLA deputies said there was now a consensus on the possibility
of the next elections being held with the existing constitution,
since this was something the opposition had been demanding
we cannot let the process of adopting a new constitution
prevent us from passing the package of laws needed to support
the elections,� said João Melo.
de Sousa said that this was the most important thing and
did not rule out the possibility of the new constitution
being passed by the deputies elected in the next legislative
in Luanda on 5 November, the Political Bureau of the MPLA
had recommended that the institutions concerned should speed
up the approval of a legislative package in support of elections
press release said that this should be a priority on the
agenda of the MPLA parliamentary group. It also reaffirmed
that constitutional matters should be dealt with in the
National Assembly, in accordance with its timetable.
signs Dar es Salaam Declaration on Great Lakes
20 November, Minister of External Relations João
Bernardo de Miranda signed the Dar es Salaam Declaration
in which fourteen countries undertook to make the Great
Lakes region an area of peace and lasting security.
the joint declaration, signed by the Minister on behalf
of President José Eduardo dos Santos, the leaders
of countries in the region pledged to promote peace and
political and social stability.
was also signed by Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo,
acting chairman of the African Union, and Kofi Annan, Secretary-General
of the United Nations.
dos Santos in Namibe for independence anniversary
the southern province of Namibe on 11 November, the 29th
anniversary of Angola�s independence, President José
Eduardo dos Santos inaugurated the new branch of the university.
The only institution of higher learning in the province,
it will open its doors to 5,000 students in the next academic
also inaugurated the repaired 186-km highway between the
cities of Namibe and Lubango, rehabilitated by a Portuguese
company at a cost of US$30 million, and a health centre
in the 5 April neighbourhood of the city of Namibe, which
he presented with an ambulance.
addressing a mass rally attended by thousands of people
from all over the province, the President opened a primary
school in the Platon neighbourhood built with local materials
at a cost of US$120,000.
the official programme of the President, Minister of Public
Works Higino Carneiro opened a bituminous emulsion factory
and Minister of Education Burity da Silva officially handed
over 20 homes for local personnel.
previous day President dos Santos had presided over a meeting
in the city of Namibe of the standing committee of the Council
of Ministers. According to a press statement issued afterwards,
the government will allocate US$20,000 for the implementation
of programmes to improve and increase the supply of goods
and basic social services for the people of the provinces
of Namibe, Cunene and Kuando Kubango.
programmes to be carried out in 2005 and 2006 are to be
geared to improving education, health, fresh water supplies,
basic sanitation and the free movement of people and goods.
to the Battle of Kifangondo
José Eduardo dos Santos unveiled the plaque on a
memorial monument to the Battle of Kifangondo on 9 November.
Kifangondo, 23 km from the capital, was the site of fierce
fighting on the eve of independence on 11 November 1975,
when a coalition of forces tried to reach Luanda to prevent
the proclamation of Angola�s freedom.
memorial was built in two and a half years and includes
a square, a tourist area and an administrative area. The
work of the sculptor Rui de Matos, a high-ranking officer
in FAPLA, the former government army, it consists of two
bronze statues, one of David Moisés �N'dozi�, one
of the commanders of the nationalist forces there, on a
base with panels illustrating various phases of the battle.
dos Santos described the monument as �a great work, an image
merited by all those who took part in the national liberation
struggle and particularly in the historic military action
decisive to the proclamation of independence �.
João Luís Neto �Xietu�, one of those who took
part in the battle, recalled that there was fighting almost
everywhere in the country at the time, but that �the capital
had to be defended�.
he said, had been the second line, after the enemy had broken
through the first line at Porto Quipiri, about 50 km from
Melo Xavier, another participant, said that �the most crucial
moment of the battle was when the enemy troops approached
the bridge over the Dande River and Panhard armoured cars
started to fire on us�.
�We responded promptly,� he continued, �firing with 76mm
guns, preventing the advance of the enemy, who consisted
of three battalions of Zairian infantry troops supported
in tribute to Lúcio Lara
Luanda provincial committee of the MPLA organised a public
meeting, on 8 November, in tribute to Lúcio Lara
for the political and historical role he has played and
his dedication to the cause of Angola.
meeting took place thirty years after Lúcio Lara
headed the first official MPLA delegation that arrived in
the capital on 8 November 1974, at the end of the liberation
struggle that started in 1961.
was Lúcio Lara who swore in the first President of
Angola, Agostinho Neto, on 11 November 1975, as well as
President José Eduardo dos Santos, who had succeeded
President Neto when he died in 1979.
dos Santos, MPLA information secretary, praised the initiative,
stressing the important role that Lara, also known by his
guerrilla name Tchiweka, had played in the process leading
to Angola�s independence. He spoke of the need to honour
others, including the anonymous ones, who had given their
youth to the existence of the governing party.
the Ciné Atlântico, where the meeting took
place, there was also a photographic exhibition and a documentary
film on Lara�s life of dedication.
at the meeting, Bento Bento, first secretary of the MPLA
in Luanda, described Lara as one of the foremost figures
in Angolan nationalism, who was a living encyclopedia of
the MPLA and a symbol of Angolan-ness, an example of integrity
who had been present at all the crucial moments in the history
of the MPLA.
of mine-affected countries
meeting of high-level representatives to the United Nations
of countries affected by the scourge of landmines met in
New York on 3 November to establish Fomac, the Forum of
Gaspar Martins, permanent representative of Angola to the
UN, who chaired the inaugural meeting, said: �Today we unite
as victims of these terrible weapons that kill and maim
our people. Our collective knowledge and will are the key
to freeing � once and for all � our lands from this legacy
creation of the forum strengthens what has been to date
loose collaboration among countries contaminated by landmines
and other debris of conflict and war. It aims to promote
south-south cooperation and partnership, and to develop
common strategies on landmine issues.
establishment of the forum came in the run-up to the Nairobi
summit on a mine free world held in the Kenyan capital from
29 November to 3 December.
summit aimed to review progress in the implementation of
the Ottawa Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, and to chart
the way ahead. The convention was opened for signature in
December 1997 and 143 countries are now bound by it.
Noor of Jordan, a keynote speaker at the event and long-time
advocate of the rights of the disabled, including mine victims,
welcomed the occasion. �The attainment of the goal of zero
new victims begins with creative initiatives such as this,�
Malloch-Brown, United Nations Development Programme administrator,
also addressed the forum. �The good news is that the landmine
and ERW (explosive remnants of war) problem is a finite
problem,� he said. �With good impact-based information and
strong political will we can solve this problem once and
for all � in years, not decades.�
also emphasised the impact of landmines on development and
urged the governments to integrate mine action in their
national development programmes, adding that �the United
Nations stands ready to support you to achieve your goals�.
summit on landmines
Nairobi summit on a mine-free world was attended by an Angolan
delegation headed by Santana André Pitra �Petroff�,
chairman of the inter-ministerial commission for demining
and humanitarian assistance (CNIDAH) and included also Júnior
João, Deputy Minister of Assistance and Social Reintegration,
and Brito Sozinho, Ambassador to Kenya.
report on progress in the implementation of the Ottawa Convention
presented summit by the chairman, Austrian Ambassador Wolfgang
Pietrisch, stated that Angola was currently completing its
study on the impact of landmines, extending the coordinating
activities of CNIDAH to the provinces and improving the
results of operations without jeopardising quality or safety.
said that 32 non-governmental organisations, 22 of them
Angolan, and 12 commercial companies were engaged in mine
clearance and education on the danger of mines.
2002 and the first quarter of 2003, NGOs engaged in mine
clearance, reported that they cleared 2.8 million square
metres of land and destroyed more than 5,000 mines and 13,000
needs financial resources for a nationwide survey to establish
the number of mine victims, their localities and available
facilities in respect of health care, physical and psychological
rehabilitation, education, vocational training and social
and economic reintegration.
eighteen provinces are affected by mines and the survey
on the impact of landmines started in 2003 will determine
the nature and extent of the problem in the country.
system has improved significantly�
Jaime, assistant Minister in the office of the Prime Minister,
said in Lisbon on 18 November that the financial situation
in the country had made a qualitative leap with the liberalisation
of the currency. Addressing a conference organised by the
magazine África Hoje, he said that though the measure
had initially caused some scepticism, the results were now
clear and positive. In the past, he continued, banks were
merely bureau de change engaged in buying and selling foreign
currency and unable to accumulate savings in national or
Jaime, who was talking to Portuguese business people, said
the current economic situation was satisfactory, having
made a radical change for the better. An example of this
was the fact that the inflation rate had for the first time
in Angola�s history fallen to two figures, as against three
or four in previous periods.
2002 there was an annual inflation rate of 105 percent,
in 2003 it fell to 76 and this year it is expected to fall
to 30 percent, which shows the efforts the government is
making to stabilise the economy.�
of the Minister�s talk was on the private investment laws
which, in his view, provided guarantees to ensure the confidence
of national and foreign investors.
went on to speak of the lack of up-to-date information on
economic progress made in Angola since the end of the war
and invited those present to consult existing sources, so
as to understand the real economic situation in the country
and the business opportunities.
Bank to provide US$200 million
Baxter, World Bank director for Angola and Mozambique, has
said that the Bank will disburse US$200 million to Angola
a press conference in Luanda on 18 November, he said the
sum was for a many-faceted project and could be increased
if the government completed the tasks involved rapidly.
project, he said, was an emergency reconstruction programme
involving infrastructure development, education, health
and education, as well as project administration.
World Bank has already disbursed US$10 million in the country
this year for various activities, and US$125 million in
Baxter was in Angola to discuss the situation in the country
with government officials, donors and civil society, and
also visited Kuito, capital of the central highland province
signs agreement with Argentina
Sonangol International Holding, CSIH, a subsidiary of Sonangol,
the national oil company, has signed a letter of intent
with Enarsa, the Argentinean energy company, which could
result in investments of more than US$5 billion in the next
five years. Signed in Buenos Aires on 17 November, it states
that CSIH is prepared to cooperate in offshore prospecting
and exploration in Argentina, as well as in Enarsa concessions
in third countries.
two companies will also work in partnership to develop petroleum
resources in third countries. Another agreement signed by
CSIH and Enarsa states that the two companies will consider
energy transportation and distribution projects and the
building of pipelines.
is the most recent of Sonangol�s subsidiaries. It has an
office in London, Sonangol Ltd, as well as offices in Houston,
Texas, Sonusa, and Singapore, Sonasia.
partnership between Sonangol and Enarsa was described by
observers in New York as part of the expansion and globalisation
of Sonangol, which has in the past twelve months acquired
interests in Angola and the world ranging from banks to
headquarters of CSIH is to be in Hong Kong. The establishment
of Sonangol in China coincided with the initial phase of
the disbursement of the US$2 billion dollars obtained by
Angola from China�s export bank.
bridges to be restored
Nascimento, spokesman of a National Highway Institute, Inea,
technical and scientific conference held in Luanda, said
on 15 November that at least 700 bridges would be repaired
said most of them had been destroyed in the war or by landmine
explosions, adding that priority would be given to those
linking the capitals of provinces with their municipalities.
Re-opening these routes, he said, would boost economic and
said restoring the bridges would cost hundreds of millions
of dollars and that studies were still underway to set priorities
and to confirm sources of funding, in order to establish
the full budget.
for agro-mineral resources approved
Council of Ministers has approved a strategy for the rational
use of agro-mineral resources and the fertiliser industry.
to a resolution published in the Diário da República,
the official gazette, in mid-November, the Council of Ministers
took into consideration the enormous agro-mineral potential
in Angola, particularly natural phosphates, potassium salts,
dolomite, sulphur and natural gas, crucial to mineral and
industrial projects needed for relaunching agricultural
The initiative also stemmed from the need to use these natural
resources for relaunching the fertiliser industry.
Ministries of Agriculture and Rural Development, Oil and
Energy and Water are to promote projects for implementation,
to be coordinated by the Ministry of Geology and Mines.
programme and budget presented to National Assembly
government programme for 2005-2005 is aimed at combating
hunger and poverty and achieving social stability. These
goals are reflected in the draft general state budget for
2005. Both documents were presented to the National Assembly
on 12 November for discussion.
budget proposals provide for expenditure of 805,584.3 million
kwanzas (equivalent to more than US$9 billion) and estimated
tax revenue of Kz638,234.3 million, resulting in a budget
deficit of Kz167,349.9 million (US$1,889.4 million), representing
8.9 percent of Gross Domestic Product. The state intends
to finance the difference through the use of donations (4.2
percent) and external financing (49 percent), with 46.8
percent of the deficit financed by internal financing.
to Minister of Finance José Pedro de Morais, who
presented the budget, current expenditure has fallen from
36.2 percent to 30 percent of GDP, as a result of the reduction
of expenditure on goods and services from 14.5 to 10 percent
of GDP and the reduction of subsidies from 4.5 to 1 percent
Minister said that economic growth would be about 16 percent
next year, 21.4 percent in the oil sector and 10.4 percent
in the non-oil sector. This, he said, was a result of an
increase in oil production and the more dynamic growth
in agriculture, forestry, fisheries, construction and public
works. He said the rapid and substantial reconstruction
of physical infrastructure was proposed, so as to permit
the relaunching of production and job creation as soon as
cuts in expenditure on goods and services and on subsidies
are compensated for by a significant increase in capital
expenditure to be financed mainly through external credit
lines,� he said. He added that financing capital expenditure
by increasing indebtedness was justifiable, given that state
revenue was still lower than what it would be in the long
term. Higher tax revenue in 2007, with the increase in economic
activity and an expanded taxpaying base, he said, would
enable the state to ensure sustained payment of the foreign
the general government programme presented by Minister of
Planning Ana Dias Lourenço the guidelines of all
action are geared to combating hunger and poverty. This
means consolidating peace and national reconciliation, laying
the foundations for an integrated and self-sustaining economy
and restoring domestic production.
said this involved action in many sectors, including institutional
and legal support for social stabilisation. Among the measures
set out in this respect are the coming into operation of
a constitutional court and drafting the statutes of an ombudsman
and high authority against corruption.
government also plans to revise Law No 18/88 on the unified
justice system and promote conflict resolution by non-judicial
means, which probably means more thoroughgoing studies of
regard to expenditure planned in the coming year, expenditure
on production is to increase by 9.1 percent, amounting to
14.8 percent of the total. Administration and the social
sector have each been allocated 23 percent, and defence
and public order 17.9 percent, while 21.3 percent is to
be spent on debt service, 10.4 percent less than in the
railway station re-opened
railway station at Caimbambo, 116 km from the city of Benguela,
was re-opened on 11 November, as part of the Independence
Day celebrations. The repair of the station, which was destroyed
in the war, was part of the project to rehabilitate the
ceremony, attended by Minister of Transport André
Luís Brandão, took place shortly before the
resumption of rail traffic on the 140-km stretch of line
between Benguela and Cubal.
the most important action taken so far has been the repair
of the bridge over the Cubal River and mine clearance along
forecasts agricultural self-sufficiency within three years.
of Agriculture Gilberto Buta Lutucuta has said that the
country will be self-sufficient in basic crops within three
years and will therefore be able to minimise poverty, especially
in rural areas.
during a SADC meeting on plant genetic resources held in
Luanda in early November, he said the Council of Ministers
had already approved a programme to combat poverty involving
many sectors of national life. He added that there was also
an agricultural extension and rural development programme
to provide small family groups with implements, seeds and
fertilisers, supported by agricultural development stations.
Minister said that grain production was expected to attain
more than a million tonnes by the end of the current agricultural
year, principally in central and southern regions.
to spend US$2 million on agriculture
Benguela provincial government is to spend US$2 million
on seeds and agricultural implements for the 2004-2005 agricultural
year, which started last month, when the land started to
be prepared. The sum will cover seeds � 300 tonnes of maize,
100 tonnes of beans and 60 tonnes of sorghum � as well as
60,000 machetes and hoes and 300 ploughs.
was announced by provincial governor Dumilde Rangel at the
end of a visit to Cubal, to see the conditions for the new
added that the programme also included the distribution
of 600 teams of draught cattle to the 20,000 peasant families
people have benefited from micro-credit
João, coordinator of the national micro-credit programme
of the Ministry of the Family and Advancement of Women,
said in Luanda on 18 November that 18,000 people had already
received micro-credit for small-scale community businesses
and to ensure food self-sufficiency. He was speaking to
the press during the first national forum on micro-funding
as a decisive factor in reducing poverty.
added that these figures were, however, merely a drop in
the ocean, given the number of people who needed micro-credit.
from Luanda, he said, other provinces where the programme
was gaining strength were Huíla, Huambo, Benguela,
Namibe and Bengo, and he appealed to banks, many of which
had branches in the provinces, to show greater awareness
of the need.
Ministry launched the micro-credit programme in 1999.
repopulation in Kwanza Sul
Kwanza Sul provincial government is to furnish 500 head
of cattle bought in Uruguay to help to boost herds in the
province. The programme of the provincial directorate of
the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development stated
that priority would be given to municipalities with most
potential and those most affected by the war.
to the report, there were satisfactory numbers of cattle,
goats, sheep and pigs in the province and more cattle would
contribute to agricultural programmes using draught animals.
breeding for needy families
hundred needy families in Uíge Province are receiving
chicks as part of a project to repopulate the region with
Pedro, provincial director of the Ministry of Agriculture,
said his department had already distributed 1,000 chicks
to the families of returnees and demobilised soldiers in
the municipalities of Uíge and Negage.
project, he said, was clearing arable land, and 900 hectares
had already been cleared and handed over to 90 families
in Uíge and Negage to grow beans, groundnuts, sweet
potatoes, cassava and other crops, though he feared the
heavy rains might jeopardise production in the current agricultural
Pedro appealed to farmers in the region to organise themselves
in peasant associations and cooperatives, in order to benefit
is �growing concern�
Minister of Health, Albertina Hamukwaya, said in Luanda
on 30 November that Aids had become a growing concern in
Angola, owing to the current situation in the country, with
the opening of borders and the increased mobility of the
was speaking shortly before leaving for the southern province
of Cunene to address the main national public meeting to
mark World Aids Day. The Minister stressed the need for
all Angolan men, young people and women, to act to prevent
Antonio, director of the Luanda provincial anti-Aids programme,
addressing the first national conference on sexually transmitted
diseases and HIV/Aids, on 30 November, said that in Luanda
alone there had been 6,195 cases registered between the
first case, in 1985, and August 2004.
million spent on water in seven years
water and sanitation departments have spent US$200 million
in the past seven years to increase water harnessing capacity
and treatment and distribution for the population of Angola.
was stated by Kianu Vangu, spokesmen of a meeting on water
and sanitation held in the northern province of Cabinda
in late November. He added that the investment of about
US$562 by million by 2007 was planned.
Vangu went on to say that 61.6 percent of the population
had access to fresh drinking water and 59.4 percent to adequate
sanitation services. It is estimated that 70.9 percent of
the population has fresh drinking water in urban areas and
25.5 percent has sanitation equipment of one kind or another.
In rural areas, however, those figures are 39.9 percent
and 25.5 percent.
currently produces about 555,000 cubic metres of fresh water
a day, but would need to produce another 900,000 cubic metres
a day to meet the millennium target of 1,500,000 cubic metres
a day by 2015.
spokesman said that the provinces of Cunene, the southern
part of Huíla, Namibe and some parts of Benguela
were the most critical in the country in respect of fresh
in Huíla Province
least 41,513 children, women of childbearing age and pregnant
women were protected against polio, diphtheria, tetanus
and measles during routine vaccinations carried out this
year in the municipality of Caluquembe, Huíla Province,
in southern Angola.
dos Santos, head of the local health department, told the
Angop news agency that the vaccinations were done in the
three communes of the municipality. He said health activists
had campaigned to increase awareness of the importance of
vaccinations, especially in the most densely populated places.
He added that 33,423 children aged up to five had been immunised
against polio during the two phases of the campaign in July
and August this year.
most frequent illnesses in the area, he said, were diarrhoea,
acute respiratory infections and malaria.
vocational school re-opened
technical vocational and pedagogical school in Ukuma, 82
km west of the city of Huambo, was re-opened on 11 November,
to mark national independence day, following rehabilitation
work by the local government.
school, for children and young people from the municipalities
of Ukuma, Longonjo and Tchinjenje, provides courses in dressmaking,
computers, metalwork, mechanics and electricity.
Ministry of Health organised a conference from 9 to 15 November
to encourage people to take effective measures to prevent
malaria and reduce its effects, principally in respect of
pregnant women and children under five. A Ministry press
release stated that the conference was sponsored by Unicef,
Esso and a number of national NGOs.
aim was to provide information on national strategies to
control malaria, emphasising the importance of access to
diagnosis and treatment in the 24 hours after the appearance
of the first symptoms, ensuring that at least 60 percent
of pregnant women and children under five used mosquito
nets treated with insecticide and 80 percent of pregnant
women had intermittent preventive treatment.
statement said that the Ministry planned to introduce a
new treatment policy in the next two years, as proposed
by the National Malaria Control Programme, supported by
the World Health Organisation.
it continued, may be receiving US$25 million from the Global
Health Fund in the next two years to be spent on mosquito
nets, medicines, training and health unit management, with
the support of the WHO, Unicef and several NGOs.
to Ministry of Health statistics, there are more than two
million clinical cases of malaria a year in Angola.
study on the economic impart of malaria in Angola carried
out in 1995 estimated that it cost the country US$125 million
of former Unita soldiers
institute for the social and vocational reintegration of
former soldiers, Irsem, is to facilitate the economic, social
and productive reintegration of 16,346 former Unita soldiers
and 70,811 of their family members in Benguela Province.
is carrying out vocational training courses in the municipalities
of Ganda and Cubal, an auxiliary programme to cost US$180,400,
which will provide 790 former soldiers and their dependents
with tools and basic subsistence requirements for their
reintegration in the areas of their choice. The project
also includes the distribution of teams of oxen and ploughs.
Ganda, about 200 km from the provincial capital, the demobilisation
programme is financed by the World Bank, through the United
Nations Development Programme, carried out in partnership
with the NGO People to People Aid, and provides for the
reintegration of 3,669 former soldiers and 11,522 dependents,
while in Cubal, about 150 km from the city of Benguela,
2,780 former soldiers and 12,621 dependents are to be reintegrated.
six-month training programmes started in June are in the
areas of agriculture, animal husbandry, construction, carpentry,
electricity, house painting, sewing and cooking.
from training, Irsem, in partnership with PPA, Horizonte
and other local government social partners, is building
dams for irrigating fields and distributing teams of oxen,
ploughs, animals for reproduction and land to former Unita
soldiers and their families.
Kuando Kubango Province, in southeast Angola, José
Feliciano Pinto Soares, provincial representative of the
National Institute of Vocational Training, Inafop, said
that 530 former Unita soldiers in the province had followed
courses at the Institute. He added that the plan had been
to train 736, but the lack of transport facilities to the
places where the courses were given had prevented the others
institute had received kits from the local office of the
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to enable
those who had completed the courses and their families to
work in agricultural associations in the municipalities
of Menongue and Kuchi.
was later reported in Lubango, capital of the southern province
of Huíla, that at least 5,000 demobilised troops
of the 8,100 on Irsem�s books were reintegrated in society
in the province this year. Azevedo Pio, chief Irsem information
officer, said they were now working in the areas of agriculture,
carpentry, building and metalworking.
added that more than 1,900 former Unita soldiers were following
vocational training courses at the National Institute of
Social and Vocational Reintegration, at a cost of US$400,000.
persons leave Luanda
hundred and eighty displaced people from Moxico Province
have voluntarily returned to their home areas. They had
been asking the government since September to provide transport
for them to return to Lumbala Nguimbo and Cazombo.
left in four trucks and four buses, accompanied by Ministry
of Assistance and Social Reintegration, Minars, officials.
people had been in Bita-tanque, in Viana, on the outskirts
of Luanda since 1985, living off donations and crops they
grew for themselves.
do Céu, provincial director of Minars, said that
according to the programme the Luanda government created
conditions for their evacuation, while their reception and
resettlement were the responsibility of the local authorities
in their home areas, with whom Luanda had been in contact.
said the government was supporting displaced persons who
wanted to return home, while those who wanted to stay could
integrate themselves in the local communities. She warned
that no one could stay in tents any more, since the camps
for displaced persons in Luanda would be closed in December.
last year, she continued, 30,000 people from the provinces
of Huambo, Malanje, Kwanza Norte, Kwanza Sul, Moxico, Bié,
Bengo and Uíje had already gone back to their home
are still about 5,000 displaced families in seven camps
in different parts of Luanda Province.
on rural women
forum on rural women to examine development constraints
and opportunities and set targets for solving existing problems
faced by women was held in Kuito, capital of Bié
Province, in mid-November.
initiative of the local office of the Ministry of the Family
and the Advancement of Women, it also discussed the effects
of education and health on reducing poverty, combating desertification,
the benefits of reforestation, the rational and ecological
uses of local resources and mobilising communities to combat
endemic diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases.
Gomes, provincial director of the Ministry, said the purpose
was to draw the attention of local decision-making bodies
to the need to make the problems of rural women a priority
in their programmes.
in Angola provide an important part of agricultural labour
and also represent 60 percent of the population. Most of
them live in rural communities where they are faced with
problems like drought and a lack of support from banks,�
elected culture capital
was elected the culture capital of Portuguese-speaking cities
on 19 November, during a meeting of the Union of the Luso-Afro-American-Asian
Capital Cities, UCCLA, held in Luanda on 18 and 19 November.
Manuel Sebastião, provincial director of the Ministry
of Culture, said this position which will last a year, would
have many benefits for Luanda, which would be able to share
cultural events with other cities with Portuguese as their
official language, especially music, dance and theatre,
as well as debates and festivals.
awards in culture and arts
five 2004 winners of the culture and arts awards were given
their prizes in the Ciné Tropical on 11 November
from Prime Minister Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos
�Nandó�. Each received a diploma, a statuette and
year the jury chose the lawyer and former supreme court
judge Maria do Carmo Medina for her book Angola: Processos
políticos na luta pela independência (political
trials in the independence struggle).
painter António Ole was awarded for the technical
and artistic level of his exhibitions.
film Na Cidade Vazia (in the empty city) by the film maker
Maria João Nganga won her a prize, while the jury
considered that the guitarist Carlitos Vieira Dias deserved
recognition for his more than 40 years of dedicated work,
and the writer Arnaldo Santos was also distinguished for
his literary contribution.
evening continued with music and dance from many parts of
the country and poetry readings, with speakers from the
national radio and television transmitting directly in seven
of the national languages, so that everyone could follow
prize was instituted in 2000 to award those who had distinguished
themselves during the year in the fields of literature,
cinema and audio visual arts, art, performance arts and
human and social science.
first national theatre camp, aimed at bringing together
different groups and promoting exchanges, was opened in
Benguela Province on 11 November.
brought together representatives of more than twenty theatrical
groups from the provinces of Luanda, Huambo, Kwanza Sul,
Huíla and Benguela.
five-day event included discussions on technical aspects
of theatre, the performance of plays, singing dancing and
games characteristic of the provinces represented.
was proposed that such events be held annually.
and record fair
first book and record fair was held in Luanda from 3 to
exhibits included technical, academic, literary poetic and
other books, records and cassettes, which were all sold
at competitive prices in order to attract especially young
people. DVD films were also screened and there was live
by the Ministry of Culture, the aim was to encourage a taste
for music and reading and to provide for contacts between
publishers and book and record shops.
Fortunato, director of the National Book and Record Institute,
said they intended to hold such fairs annually and make
them international in scope.
of Angola UK