It's a Girl!
Cincinnati Zoo’s Sumatran Rhino Makes
History with Second Calf
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The Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden proudly announces that
on July 30, Emi, a critically endangered Sumatran rhinoceros,
became the first Sumatran rhino in history to produce two calves
in captivity. Emi delivered a healthy female calf at 12:51 p.m.
in her indoor stall.
"This is a historic birth. It is proof the science of breeding
Sumatran rhinos has been developed at the Cincinnati Zoo and the
first birth was not a one time wonder," said Dr. Terri Roth,
Vice President of Animal Sciences. "Because Sumatran rhinos
are on the brink of extinction, this calf serves as a lifeline
for a species clinging desperately to survival."
Emi became restless early Thursday morning and started contractions
at 12:04 p.m., Friday. Soon after delivery at 12:51 p.m., Emi
began licking the calf. The calf first attempted to stand at 1:06
p.m. Emi and her calf will remain inside for the next few weeks
to allow privacy during this bonding time.
Emi and her calf are doing great. Beginning at 10 a.m. Saturday,
visitors can get their first glimpse of mom and the new baby on
the monitors in the public exhibit at the Zoo’s Center for
Conservation & Research of Endangered Wildlife (CREW) and
through Rhino Cam. The Rhino Cam, courtesy of Time Warner Cable,
is a Web-controllable video camera accessible 24-hours-a-day through
the Zoo’s Website at www.cincinnatizoo.org. Viewing hours
are subject to change.
In September of 2001, Emi gave birth to a healthy 72.6 pound calf
named, Andalas. This was the first time in 112 years that a Sumatran
rhinoceros successfully reproduced in captivity.
Good news like this comes at a critical time in the conservation
of Sumatran rhinos. Today less than 300 survive in the wild and
only eight in captivity. Emi and the Cincinnati Zoo’s male,
Ipuh are on loan from the Indonesian government and are the only
successfully captive breeding pair in the world. Only two other
Sumatran rhinos are in the United States. Andalas currently resides
at the Los Angeles Zoo and a fourth rhino, an older female, resides
at the Bronx Zoo.
Emi had a history of early pregnancy loss before carrying her
first full-term calf. During that pregnancy, Emi was prescribed
a daily dose of oral progesterone. None was administered throughout
Sumatran rhinos are a flagship species for the Cincinnati Zoo’s
signature conservation programs. The Sumatran rhinoceros is considered
one of the most endangered mammals on earth. In the last 15 years
over 50% of the Sumatran rhino population has been lost because
of poaching and habitat destruction.