The ARAZPA Wildlife Conservation Fund currently endorses conservation programs which are working to protect species and their habitat in the wild.
All projects supported by the Wildlife Conservation Fund:
Photo courtesy: Scott Roberton, SCCP
- Contribute to preserving habitat or conserving a species in the wild
- Operate within a range country for the species
- Operate either in collaboration with the relevant wildlife agency, or with the support of that agency (e.g. under a formal Memorandum of Understanding)
- Are fully accountable (i.e. properly budgeted for, and prepared to meet various reporting requirements), and
- Have been vetted by an independent panel of experts
Projects currently endorsed by the ARAZPA Wildlife Conservation Fund are listed below.
The primary purpose of the program is to support the Indonesian Government’s commitment regarding protection of endangered species, particularly the critically endangered Sumatran tiger, in and around Kerinci-Seblat National Park (KSNP) in central Sumatra. Tiger Protection and Conservation Units (TPCU), rapid response teams made up of four rangers from the national park and forest-edge communities, investigate suspected tiger poachers, dealers and communities with a history of poaching. They also build up data on the source and extent of threats to the Sumatran tiger, and carry out regular patrols and enforcement operations.
Work on an palm oil plantation in the Jambi province began in 2001, a collaboration between the Zoological Society of London and plantation owners PT Asiatic Persada. Together they established a research team that collects data on how tigers and their prey species survive in a commercial landscape and how the plantation can ensure that such conditions continue to exist. It has been discovered, using camera traps and tracks, that several tigers regularly use the plantation land and the adjacent logging concession.
In 2003, the team successfully captured and radio-collared the first ever Sumatran tiger. Important data were collected and will be very valuable in designing management protocols for oil palm plantations that will enable them to include wildlife corridors in their planning.
21st Century Tiger
The ARAZPA Great Ape Campaign aims to assist the international efforts of the Great Ape Survival Project (GRASP) to secure a long-term viable future for great apes in the wild. GRASP is a project of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).Currently the ARAZPA Great Ape Campaign supports the following two projects:
- Javan (Silvery) Gibbon Rescue Centre,
- Orangutan Rehabilitation Program, Lamandau Forest Reserve.
Download ARAZPA Great Ape Campaign Pack
The Javan Gibbon Centre is located just outside of Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park in Java. The Centre receives donations of confiscated Silvery Gibbons from captive sources, usually local households. The Centre is fully staffed by an Indonesian workforce primarily from local villages. The aim of the centre is to rehabilitate ex-captive gibbons, returning them to full physical and psychological health and to encourage captive breeding based on sound conservation principles, establishing husbandry techniques and veterinary protocols, with a long term view of releasing offspring in the form of family groups into suitable habitat.
Silvery Gibbon Project
Orangutan Rehabilitation Programme, Lamandau Forest (Australian Orangutan Project and Orangutan Foundation UK)
Provides ‘half-way houses’ for ex-captive orangutans to accommodate them during the final stages of their rehabilitation back to the wild. Over forty ex-captive orangutans have already been released into the reserve from two camps. At the start of 2004, work began on the construction of a third ‘soft release’ site, which will house younger orangutans, aged approximately 4-7 years, during the final stages of their rehabilitation. The illegal loggers have now been evicted by law-enforcement patrols supported by the police however ongoing monitoring and patrols are vital. The construction of the guard post at the river mouth and the purchase of a boat for river patrols have greatly helped in this area. The construction of the third release camp is scheduled for completion in April 2006, with the release of approximately 20 orangutans by the end of 2006.
Australian Orangutan Project
The SCCP is a multi-faceted program aimed at conserving and raising awareness of all species of small carnivores in Vietnam, including the Owston’s Civet.
The program is supported by the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission, and has, as its focus, research, education, and training and support for the law enforcement aimed at protecting wild populations.
The program aims to:
- raise awareness both nationally and internationally on the plight and conservation of small carnivores,
- further develop facilities for the rescue and rehabilitation of Vietnam’s most threatened small carnivores
- train forest rangers in identification and protection of small carnivores
- compile a national status review on the distribution and status of small carnivores in Vietnam, develop more ex situ conservation programs for more species, and design ecology and behaviour studies of small carnivores in the wild.
Small Carnivore Conservation Centre
The Philippine Spotted Deer is recognised by the IUCN/SSC Deer Specialist Group as arguably the most threatened species of deer in the world. It is now restricted to three patches of forest on two islands, ie. Negros and Panay Islands in the West Visayas in the Philippines south-west.
Habitat protection provides the key for survival of this species, and is the eventual aim of the program. Effective habitat protection is very difficult in the Philippines, but thanks to the building of community awareness and relationships over the past decade, there is now a strong likelihood of this being achieved on Panay and Cebu Islands, where potential release sites have been identified. In concert with developing plans for these protected areas, support from ARAZPA zoos will be needed to help maintain the conservation breeding centres on Negros and Panay Islands, and expanding the community awareness programs.
The Tenkile or Scott’s tree-kangaroo exist only in the Torricelli Mountains of north-west Papua New Guinea and as few as 100 are thought to remain in the wild. The Golden-mantled tree-kangaroo occurs immediately to the east and is similarly threatened. Their declines are mostly attributed to hunting by local people fuelled by a growing human population and increased hunting efficiency through the use of guns.
The Tenkile Conservation Alliance (TCA), is an NGO using both these tree kangaroo species as flagships for achieving broad forest biodiversity conservation outcomes in the Toricelli Mountains, in particular the creation and management of a protected area.
Tenkile Conservation Alliance
The Coxen’s Fig-Parrot is the southern most of the three geographically discrete subspecies of Double-eyed Fig-Parrot occurring in Australia. It is estimated that no more than 100 mature individuals remain. One of the main aims of the recovery team is to identify and monitor Coxen’s Fig-Parrot habitat with the goal of locating breeding sites. To help achieve this, funding is being sought to purchase an advanced monitoring system that automatically records and identifies parrot calls in the field.
In addition, this project entails the propagation and distribution of 4000 fig trees (complete with informative labels), dissemination of awareness-raising brochures and other educational material. Training workshops and talks for residents and other interested members of the public, and the rehabilitation of a conservation reserve at Witta (SE Queensland) are also important parts of the project.
The Cuc Phuong Turtle Conservation Centre (TCC) was established in 1998 by Fauna and Flora International (FFI) and its management was transferred to Cuc Phuong National Park at the end of 2001. The TCC serves as the flagship for efforts in Vietnam to conserve turtles and continues to play an important role for turtle conservation across Indochina. The TCC is involved in a range of conservation activities including:
- Establishment of insurance populations for priority species.
- Raising public awareness about the threats to Vietnam’s tortoises and freshwater turtles.
- Training of wildlife protection authorities in Vietnam and other Indochinese countries.
- Carrying out focused research projects on the captive behaviour and ecology of turtles.
- Building local interest and expertise in chelonian research and conservation.
Asian Turtle Conservation Network