Enfield Chronology

Roman Enfield

Roman settlement in the Bush Hill Park area close to Ermine Street, which was the Roman road from London to York.

Roman remains from the third century found at Churchfields, Edmonton.

8th Century


790
King Offa recorded as giving Edmonton to St Alban’s Abbey

794/ 5
The Lea Valley established as a front line between the Kingdoms of Alfred and Guthrum

9th Century

13th Century

1290
Funeral procession of Queen Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I passed through Enfield

14th Century

1303
Edward I granted the first market charter giving the right to hold a weekly market at Enfield and two fairs annually to Humphrey de Bohun, the Lord of the Manor of Enfield

1349
The Black Death struck Enfield and by December had decimated the population of Enfield.

1362
A second outbreak of plague struck Enfield.

1371
Existence of a settlement recorded at Southgate ("Suthgate")

15th Century

1425
Act of Parliament for improving the navigation between London and Hertford. Appointment of commissioners to deal with obstructions in the course of the river.

1471
The Battle of Barnet fought on the edge of Enfield Chase near the village of Monken Hadley

16th Century

1539 Elsynge became a royal palace when Henry VIII put pressure on the owner, the Earl of Rutland, to exchange it for other properties.

1557
Enfield Grammar School, Church Walk founded.

1564 1568
and 1572 Queen Elizabeth stayed at Elsinge

1571
Act of Parliament for improving navigation between London and Ware. The river was scoured and embanked in certain areas. By 1577 a pound lock (one of the earliest in the country) had been built at Waltham Abbey.

1581
Attempts to sabotage the river. The banks were cut near Green Street and there was an attempt to burn the lock at Waltham. The unrest was led by Enfield maltmen who had lost business because of malt and barley being carried by river instead of by road.

17th Century

1606
New River Company set up by Act of Parliament to bring fresh water from springs near Ware to London. Construction began c1608/9 and was complete by 1613.

1618
James I granted Enfield a market charter to which the present market traces its origins.

1624
Latymer School, Haselbury Road founded.

1629 - 1632
Forty Hall built by Sir Nicholas Rainton

1
632
Enfield Town Market Place created.

1656
Enfield Chase sold off primarily to army officers

1659
Disturbances at Enfield Chase over subsequent enclosures

1682
Clarendon Arch and Tunnel built.

18th Century

1719
Enfield Parish Workhouse established. Completely rebuilt in 1827. Now the Enfield Community Care Centre

1731/2
Edmonton Parish Workhouse built. Closed and demolished after the opening of the Edmonton Union Workhouse (Silver Street) in 1842.

1753
The Elizabeth Canning case. She falsely claimed to have been kidnapped and imprisoned at a house close to the junction of Welches Lane (Ordnance Road) and the Hertford Road. Initially her story was believed and led to arrests and convictions. She was later found to have lied and was charged with perjury, convicted and sentenced to transportation.

1790
Friends Meeting House, Church Hill, Winchmore Hill built.

1791
Whitewebbs House built by Dr Abraham Wilkinson

1796
Millfield House, Silver Street built.

1797
Grovelands, The Bourne built as a private house for Walker Gray, a Quaker brewer from Tottenham, designed by John Nash with grounds by Humphry Repton. After Gray's death the property was acquired by John Donnithorne Taylor whose family continued to live at Grovelands up to World War I. Part of the estate was purchased by Southgate Council in 1913 to become Grovelands Park. The house became a hospital in 1916 and is now a private psychiatric hospital. The rest of the estate was sold for building.

19th Century

1803
Enfield Enclosure Act

1809
Grout and Baylis' black crape mill established at the junction of South Street and Scotland Green Road, Ponders End.

1813
St Paul's C of E Primary School, Ringwood Way founded.

1815
Royal Small Arms Factory established at Enfield Lock.

1818
Latymer All Saints C of E Primary School, Church Street founded.

1827
Enfield Parish Workhouse, Chase Side Crescent built. Now the Enfield Community Care Centre.

1827/28
St Paul, Church Hill, Winchmore Hill built.

1831
St James, Hertford Road, Enfield Highway built.

1
833
St James's C of E Primary School, Frederick Crescent founded.

1835
Jesus Church, Forty Hill built.

1837
Implementation of the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. Edmonton and Enfield lost their powers regarding poor relief to the Edmonton Board of Guardians.

1839
Christ Church, Chalk Lane, Cockfosters built.

1839
St Andrew's C of E Primary School, London Road opened.

1840
Opening of the first section of the Cambridge main line from Stratford to Broxbourne. Stations at Angel Road and Ponders End.

1841
St Matthew's C of E Primary School, South Street opened.

1842
Edmonton Union Workhouse, Silver Street built. Now the North Middlesex Hospital.

1847
Gas works opened at Angel Road, Edmonton.

1849
Opening of branch line from Angel Road to Enfield Town with intermediate station on Edmonton Green.

1850
Edmonton and Enfield both adopted the 1848 Public Health Act, setting up directly elected local boards of health.

1850
Opening of first section of main line from London to Peterborough. Stations at New Southgate and Potters Bar.

1851
Forty Hill C of E Primary School, Forty Hill opened.

1855
Enfield Waterworks set up.

1885
St James's C of E Primary School, Grove Street founded.

1855
River Lee Water Act authorised a new lock at Amwell Marsh and the removal of Stanstead Lock. Edmonton Lock was to be removed and Picketts Lock rebuilt.

1857
St John, Clay Hill built.

1859
Gas works opened at Ponders End.

1863
Christ Church, Waterfall Road, Southgate built.

1865
St Michael's C of E Primary School, Brigadier Hill opened as the Holly Bush Infant School.

1866
St Michael at Bowes C of E Primary School, Tottenhall Road opened as the Tile Kiln Lane School.

1867
North Middlesex Waterworks built. Palmers Green shown on the Ordnance Survey map as a hamlet consisting of The Fox and a cluster of cottages where Fox Lane and Hazelwood Lane join Green Lanes. To the south, in the area around the Cock Tavern lay the hamlet of Bowes.

1871
Opening of branch line from Wood Green to Enfield. Station built in Aldermans Hill to serve Palmers Green, the nearest houses were nearly a quarter of a mile away and most of the land consisted of large estates whose owners had no intention of selling for building.

1872
Opening of direct line from London via Bethnal Green, Hackney Downs and Seven Sisters. Linked up with 1849 branch line at Lower Edmonton.

1874
St George's C of E Primary School, Hertford Road opened.

1875
Bush Hill Waterworks set up.

1875
Enfield Cottage Hospital, Chase Side opened. Sold for redevelopment in 1984.

c.1879
Bycullah Waterworks set up.

1880
Edmonton School Board set up under the terms of the 1870 Education Act.

1880
Opening of Bush Hill Park station to serve a new housing development.

1880
Opening of Bowes Park station to serve a new housing development.

1881
Separation of Southgate from Edmonton. This was achieved by a private Act of Parliament, following a prolonged campaign for separation. Establishment of the Southgate Local Board of Health.

1881
Opening of horse tramway from Stamford Hill to Ponders End. Depot at Tramway Avenue.

1882
Brettenham Primary School, Brettenham Road opened.

1883
St Mary Magdalene, Windmill Hill built.

1885
St Andrew's C of E Primary School, Chase Road opened.

1885/90
Highlands, Worlds End Lane, built as an isolation hospital.

1886
Chase Farm hospital built, originally as a Poor Law orphanage. It became a hospital in 1939.

1886
Ediswan took over the former jute mill at Duck Lees Lane, Ponders End and began manufacturing light bulbs and later radio valves.

1888
St Mary's RC Primary School, Alma Road opened.

1889
Establishment of Middlesex County Council. (Local government at county level had previously been carried out by the county magistrates meeting at quarter sessions)

1889
St John's C of E Primary School, Clay Hill built.

1891
Opening of Southbury Loop from Edmonton to Cheshunt with stations at Southbury Road and Turkey Street.

1894
Establishment of the Enfield School Board.

1895
Implementation of the 1894 Local Government Act. The local boards of health for Edmonton, Enfield and Southgate were replaced by urban district councils.

1896
Bush Hill Park Primary School, Main Avenue opened.

1896
Raynham Primary School, Raaynham Avenue opened.

1897
Alma Primary School, Alma Road built.

1897
Chesterfield Primary School, Chesterfield Road opened.

1897
Central Library in Fore Street Edmonton opened.

1899
Eldon Primary School, Eldon Road opened.

1899/1903
St Luke, Browning Road built.

20th Century

1901
Bowes Primary School, Bowes Road built.

1901
Chase Side Primary School, Trinity Street opened.

1901
Our Lady of Mount Carmel and St George, London Road opened.

1902
Beginning of the development of Palmers Green when large tracts of land formerly owned by the Taylors of Grovelands were sold for building. The first area to be developed was the Old Park Estate between Fox Lane and Aldermans Hill. At the same time building work began on the Hazelwood Park Estate between Hazelwood Lane and Hedge Lane. 1903 Banbury and Lockwood Reservoirs completed.

1903
Brimsdown Power Station opened.

1903
Houndsfield Primary School, Houndsfield Road built.

1903
St George's RC Primary School, Cecil Road opened.

1903
St Aldhelm, Silver Street, Edmonton built.

1904/1909
St John, Green Lanes, Palmers Green built.

1905
Extension of electric trams from Tottenham to Edmonton (Tramway Avenue)

1905
Southbury Primary School, Swansea Road opened.

1905/7
St Edmund RC Church, Hertford Road built.

1906
Extension of electric trams from Tramway Avenue to Freezywater (via Hertford Road)

1906
and 1916 St Stephen, Village Road built.

1907
Electricity supplied to the Enfield Town area.

1907
Extension of electric trams from Bounds Green to New Southgate (Station Road)
and from Wood Green to Winchmore Hill (Green Dragon)

1908
Clappers Green Farm (between Fox Lane and Bourne Hill) was sold. Part was acquired by Middlesex County Council forming the site of the Southgate County School. The rest was sold for building.

1
908
Extension of electric trams from Freezywater to Waltham Cross

1908
Hazelwood Primary School, Hazelwood Lane opened.

1908
Holy Family Convent RC Secondary School, London Road founded.

1909
Eastfield Primary School, Eastfield Road opened.

1909
Extension from New Southgate to North Finchley.
Extension from Winchmore Hill to Enfield Town (via Ridge Avenue and Village Road)

1909
Withdrawal of passenger services on Southbury Loop because of tramway competition. (The service was temporarily re-instated 1915/19 for use of munitions workers)

1909
Enfield County School, Holly Walk opened.

1910
Enfield Highway Library, opened.

1910
Lavender Primary School, Lavender Road opened.

1910
Opening of railway extension from Enfield to Cuffley. Stations at Grange Park, Enfield Chase, Gordon Hill and Crews Hill.

1911
The Lodge estate (between Hazelwood Lane and Oakthorpe Road) was sold off for building.

1911
Railway extension from Ponders End to Enfield Town (via Southbury Road)

1912
Belling began manufacturing electric fires in Lancaster Road, Enfield.

1912
Central Library, Cecil Road, Enfield opened.

1912
George Spicer Primary School, Southbury Road opened.

1912
St Edmund's RC Primary School, Hertford Road, Edmonton opened.

1913
First electric street lighting in the Enfield area completed (at Green Lanes, Winchmore Hill)

1913
King George V Reservoir completed.

1914
St Monica RC Church, Green Lanes opened.

1914
Tottenhall School, Tottenhall Road built.

1914
Winchmore Primary School, Highfield Road opened.

1920
Re-organisation of Liverpool Street suburban services to ease rush hour overcrowding on Enfield Town and Chingford trains.

1921
St Mary RC Church, Nags Head Road opened.

1922/3
Reconstruction of locks etc. between Enfield and Hertford. The width was increased from 13ft 3in to 16ft and the length increased to 90ft.

1928
Raglan School, Raglan Road opened.

1930
Piccadilly Line Cockfosters Extension sanctioned.

1931
Edmonton County School, Great Cambridge Road built.

1931/32
Hazelbury Primary School, Haselbury Road opened.

1932
Piccadilly Line extension opened as far as Arnos Grove.

1933
Southgate became a borough.

1933
Piccadilly Line extension completed to Southgate, Oakwood and Cockfosters.

1934
Raglan Infant School, Raglan Road opened.

1934
Suffolks Primary School, Brick Lane opened.

1935
Our Lady of Lourdes, Bowes Road opened.

1935
Work started on the Girling Reservoir, work completed in 1951.

1936
De Bohun Primary School, Green Road opened.

1936
Christ the King, Bramley Road RC chapel registered for public worship.

1937
Galliard Primary School, Galliard Road opened.

1937
Edmonton became a borough.

1937
Houndsfield Road Library, Edmonton opened.

1937
Oakthorpe Primary School, Tile Kiln Lane opened.

1938
All tram routes in Edmonton and Enfield converted for trolleybus operation (except for the Southbury Road route which was taken over by motor buses)

1938
Arnos School (later Broomfield), Wilmer Way opened.

1938
Weir Hall Library, Edmonton opened. Demolished for road widening and replaced in 1988.

1939
Albany School, Bell Lane built.

1939
Brimsdown Primary School, Green Street opened.

1939
De Bohun, Green Road and Bowes Road libraries opened.

1940
Merryhills Primary School, Bincote Road opened.

1940
Palmers Green Library opened as part of the Southgate Town Hall complex.

1941
St Peter, Vera Avenue, Grange Park built.

1941
St Thomas, Sheringham Avenue, Oakwood built, completed in 1965.

1948
Bush Hill Park Library opened.

1948
Cuckoo Hall Primary School, Cuckoo Hall Lane opened.

1949
Carterhatch Primary School opened.

1950
Prince of Wales Primary School, Salisbury Road opened.

1951
Grange Park Primary School, Worlds End Lane opened.

1951
Honilands Primary School, Lovell Road opened.

1953
Walker Primary School, Waterfall Road opened.

1953
Wilbury Primary School, Wilbury Way opened.

1954
Eversley Infant School, Chaseville Park Road opened.

1954
Firs Farm Primary School, Rayleigh Road opened.

1954
St Monica's RC Primary School, Cannon Road opened.

1954
Worcesters Primary School, Goat Lane opened.

1955
Enfield became a borough.

1956
Chace School, Churchbury Lane opened.

1956
Winchmore School, Highfield Road opened.

1957
Eversley Junior School, Chaseville Park Road opened.

1957
Fleecefield Primary School, Brettenham Road opened.

1957
Bullsmoor, Kempe Road Library opened.

1958
Capel Manor Primary School, Bullsmoor Lane opened.

1960
Electrification from Liverpool Street to Enfield Town, Chingford, Hertford East and Bishops Stortford. Re-opening of Southbury Loop.

1960
Southgate School, Sussex Way opened.

1961
All trolleybus routes in Enfield and Edmonton taken over by motor buses. Removal of overhead wires.

1961
Winchmore Hill Library opened.

1962
Ponders End Library opened.

1963
Ridge Avenue Library opened.

1964
Merryhills Library, Enfield Road opened.

1964
Our Lady of Walsingham, Holtwhites Hill registered for public worship.

1965
Hadley Wood Primary School, Courtleigh Avenue opened.

1965
Implementation of the London Government Act of 1963. Enfield, Edmonton and Southgate merged to form the London Borough of Enfield. Abolition of Middlesex County Council. Formation of the Greater London Council.

1966
Southgate Library opened.

1967
Bishop Stopford C of E Secondary School, Brick Lane opened.

1967
Kingsmead School, Southbury Road opened.

1968
St Ignatius RC Secondary School for boyss moved to Turkey Street from Stamford Hill.

1969
Electrification of Lea Valley line between Clapton and Cheshunt.

1971
Our Lady of Lourdes RC Primary School, The Limes Avenue opened.

1972
Aylward School, Windmill Road built.

1974
Building started on Churchfield Primary School, Latymer Road.

1974
Garfield Primary School, Springfield Road opened.

1974
St Angela's RC Secondary School for girls moved to Oakthorpe Road from Wood Green.

1976
Ordnance Road Library opened.

1977
Bullsmoor School, Bullsmoor Lane built.

1982
Salisbury School, Turin Road opened.

1986
Abolition of the Greater London Council. The powers were distributed among the London boroughs and a range of joint committees

1988
New Weir Hall Library and Millfield Theatre opened.

1991
Edmonton Green Library opened. Houndsfield and Fore Street closed.

䘀

This document was last updated on 2007-01-02 11:34:52 published by the Libraries team. Document Reference:LBE_112644