The Articles: legal and miscellaneous
Article 18: In Scotland the laws regulating trade, customs and excises were to be the same as those applying in England. All other laws within Scotland were to remain in force as before, except those inconsistent with the treaty, and could be altered in future by the Parliament of Great Britain. All matters enshrined in Scottish law concerning 'private right' were to remain unchanged.
- Private rights
Rights or privileges that individuals might have or exercise by virtue of private grants, e.g. from members of the Scottish aristocracy, or under Scottish law in relation to the holding of property
- Court of Exchequer
Part of the Scottish legal system with jurisdiction over revenue matters. In 1708, under the terms of the Union, the Court was re-established on the model of the English Court of Exchequer. It was presided over by 'exchequer barons' who were of the same rank as judges in other courts. It was abolished in 1875 and merged with the new High Court.
- Royal Burghs of Scotland
Scottish cities and towns founded by royal charter. Burghs returned members to the Scottish Parliament, appointed bailies (magistrates), and had special trading privileges.
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Family tree of the English and Scottish royal dynasties.
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Article 19: The Scottish legal system and its courts was to remain unchanged, but subject to any future change or improvement by the Parliament of Great Britain. A new Scottish Court of Exchequer was to be established to decide all cases concerning the customs and excise with the same powers as the Court of Exchequer in England. The Scottish Privy Council was to remain for the time being. The qualifications required of those appointed to the Scottish judiciary were tightened.
Article 20: All inherited offices and jurisdictions, and those held for life, were to be treated as private rights of property under the laws of Scotland and were to remain unchanged.
Article 25: Laws and statutes of either kingdom that were contrary to the terms of the Articles were to become void.
Article 16: The Scottish currency was to be standardised with English currency.
Article 17: Weights and measures were to be standardised throughout the United Kingdom in line with English practice.
Article 21: The rights and privileges of the Royal Burghs of Scotland were to remain unchanged.