arrowHome arrow About Us arrow Shrines/Landmarks arrow Shrines/Landmarks arrow Barasoain church Historical Landmark Sunday, 25 November 2007  
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Today in History
Do you know that the port of Manila was actually located on the Pasig River?
Before the construction of the present Port of Manila, ships, including those sailing to other countries, dock at the mouth of the Pasig River at its northern bank in Binondo.  Ships can sail up to what is now Jones Bridge.  The old bridge that connected Binondo to Ermita on the south bank of the Pasig was the Puente de España.  This bridge was later demolished and replaced by the Jones Bridge during the American period.  Other signs that the north bank was used as a port were the names of the streets along the north bank of the river like Muelle del Rey , which means the “King’s Wharf” and Muelle del Banco.  The north side had facilities for repairing ships including a shipyard.  There was also the customs house or Aduana which is found on the southern bank.  This building is now abandoned and might be demolished soon.  During the American period the port was moved to Manila Bay to serve larger ships.  The old port is still used today as a place to load or unload barges.
Barasoain church Historical Landmark PDF Print E-mail

A Republic is Born

The Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan, is one of the most important religious buildings in the Philippines. Here, three important episodes in our history were played out: the convening of the First Philippine Congress (September 15, 1898), the drafting of the Malolos Constitution (September 29, 1898 to January 21, 1899), and the inauguration of the First Philippine Republic (January 23, 1899). These events count among the proudest moments in the lives of Filipinos.

A Monument to History

The Barasoain Church Historical Landmark consists of two structures: the church and the adjoining convent.

After the original church was destroyed by fire in 1884, the structure underwent several renovations. The way it looks today is not too different from how it looked during the time of Emilio Aguinaldo.

The convent has a museum dedicated to the three major historical events that took place in Barasoain Church. The past comes alive through a dramatized audio-visual presentation recalling the declaration of Philippine independence in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898. A facsimile of El Heraldo de la Revolution, the official newspaper of the First Republic, is engraved in glass. There is also a permanent exhibit of the Philippine Constitution, from the Katipunan Kartilya of 1892 to the Constitution of 1987.

So that you will learn to treasure the value of the Constitution as the national legal document, there is a Citizens Hall where you can exercise one of your constitutional rights—the right to vote.

The Barasoain Church Historical Landmark is located in the heart of Malolos, Bulacan. Just 42 kilometers from Manila, it is easily accessible by public transportation.


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© 2007 National Historical Institute
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