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Chess Opening Tutorial : English - 1...e5
The diagram shows the position after 1.c4 e5 on the left, and the Sicilian Defense (1.e4 c5) on the right. If you compare the two positions you can see why 1.c4 e5 is often called a Reversed Sicilian.
If we could flip either of the positions on its horizontal axis and reverse the colors of the pieces (White to Black and Black to White), the two positions would be identical. White would have the move in one position, while Black would have the move in the other.
The Sicilian is a great opening for Black against 1.e4. Moreover, players who don't like playing the Sicilian as Black, often feel more comfortable playing the Reverse Sicilian as White. Because the Reversed Sicilian is a tempo ahead of the Sicilian, many beginning players assume there must be something wrong with it for Black. Experienced players know that even if not logical, it is eminently playable.
After 1.e4 c5, White has the choice of pursuing an Open Sicilian with d2-d4 or a Closed Sicilian with d2-d3. After 1.c4 e5, Black has a similar choice : depending on whether Black plays ...d7-d5 or ...d7-d6, the game resembles an Open or a Closed Sicilian (Reversed).
Two differences between the Reversed and standard Sicilians are worth noting. First, White has an easier time playing d2-d4 in the Reversed than Black has playing d7-d5 in the standard Sicilian. Second, Black plays Bf8-b4 in the Reversed more often than White plays Bf1-b5 in the standard Sicilian.
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