JULIAN RHODES' DREAM ORGANS
ORGAN FACTS AND FIGURES



THE WORLD'S LARGEST ORGANS / FIVE-MANUAL ORGANS
compiled by David Willey


Following older writers, I have defined the world's largest organs as those with 100 or more speaking stops, not including percussions but including extended stops. In the USA a count of ranks is preferred, and is in some ways more representative than a count of speaking stops; but accurate information about rank totals is often impossible to obtain for organs in the rest of the world. A pipe count is perhaps the best benchmark; but accurate figures are even more difficult to obtain for most organs.

We can, perhaps, be more definite about the world's very largest organs. They are as follows, placed in order of size by pipe-count:

                                      speaking                  most recent
                                       stops    ranks  pipes     buillder
 
Convention Hall Atlantic City NJ  VII  852      455    33,112   Midmer-Losh 1930
Wanamaker Store Philadelphia PA   VI   386      458    28,140   LA Organ Co 1904-
West Point Chapel NY              IV   576      325    20,142   Friedell & Ferguson 1996
Los Angeles 1st Cong. Church CA   V    286      346    20,000+  David et al 1994-
Passau Dom, Germany               V    227      276    17,388   Eisenbarth 1985


Exact totals for Atlantic City have never been confirmed as accurate. The Wanamaker organ rank and pipe totals were the curator's estimate in 1987. The Los Angeles organ will reach the stated rank and pipe total by Easter 2000. It is prepared for further additions which will give a total of some 376 ranks and 22,000+ pipes.

The list below also includes all organs known to me with five or six manuals, but with fewer than 100 stops. Most people would consider these to be big organs even though the smallest has but 41 stops.

Given here are the location, number of manuals, number of speaking stops and builder. I have only included the most recent builder to do work of import on the instrument; this in no way undermines, nor detracts from, the work of the original builder.

Instruments marked * - full stoplist unknown.

This list includes only organs known to be extant or under construction at the time of writing. Theatre and electronic organs are not included.

Last update: 16 January 2001.


Convention Hall Atlantic City NJ           VII   852   Midmer-Losh 1930
West Point Military Academy Chapel NY      IV    576   Friedell & Ferguson 1996
Wanamaker Store Philadelphia PA            VI    386   LA Organ Co 1904-
Los Angeles 1st Congregational Church CA   V     286   David et al 1994-
Crystal Cathedral Orange County CA         V     280   Ruffatti 1990
St Matthew's Lutheran Church Hanover PA    IV    234   Austin 1988
Passau Dom                                 V     227   Eisenbarth 1985
Atlantic City Ballroom NJ                  IV    220   Kimball 1931
Calvary Church Charlotte NC                V     208   Moller 1990
St Patrick's Cathedral New York NY         V     202   Peragallo 1994/5
Houston Second Baptist Church TX           V     192   Rodgers 1985-
Riverside Church New York NY               V     192   Pearson 1995-6
Broadway Baptist Church Fort Worth TX      V     184   Casavant 1994-6
Kirk of Dunedin FL                         IV    187   Charles 1997-
Auditorio Nacional Mexico City             V     185   Tamburini 1959
Milan Duomo                                V     185   Tamburini 1983-6
Holy Trinity Lutheran Church Buffalo NY    V     178   Kegg 1996-7
Jackson 1st Baptist Church MS              V     178   Keates-Geissler 1990
National City Church Washington DC         V     178   Moller 1985
Woolsey Hall Yale University CT	           IV    177   Thompson-Allen 1994
Melbourne Town Hall                        IV    177   Schantz 2001
Mother Church of Christ Scientist 
                          Boston MA        IV    173   Aeolian-Skinner 1979
Fogadalmi Templom Szeged                   V     171   Angster 1940
Mormon Tabernacle Salt Lake City UT        V     170   Schoenstein 1988
Pennsylvania University PA                 IV    170   Austin 1982
St Bartholomew New York NY                 V     170   Aeolian-Skinner 1970/71
Sacred Heart Cathedral Newark NJ           IV    165   Schantz 1990
Ocean Grove Auditorium NJ                  IV    164   Duddy 1980-98
Messina Duomo                              V     161   Tamburini 1948
Salt Lake City Conference Center UT        V     160   Schoenstein 2000-01
S. Giovanni Bosco, Bologna                 V     159   Tamburini 1951
Longwood Gardens Kennet Square PA          IV    158   Moller 1957
Washington Cathedral DC                    IV    155   Whiteford 1974
Heavenly Rest Church New York NY           V     154   Konzelman 1995-
Engelberg Abteikirche                      IV    153   Graf 1992-3
Cleveland Auditorium OH                    V     147   Skinner 1922
Metcalf Hall Boston University MA          IV    147   Barden 1987-94
Liverpool Cathedral                        V     146   Harrison & Harrison 1977
Westwood UMC Los Angeles                   IV    146   Schantz 1995
First Plymouth Cong Ch Lincoln NE          IV    145   Schoenstein 1997
Old South Church Boston MA                 IV    145   Barden 1988-90
Christian Catholic Church Zion IL          IV    144   Fabry 1996
Royal Albert Hall London                   IV    143   Harrison & Harrison 1973
Downside Abbey                             IV    142   Compton 1928
Wroclaw Cathedral                          V     142   Biernacki 1948
St John Stamford CT                        IV    141   Schulz 1992
Lorenzkirche Nürnberg                      V     140   Steinmeyer 1985
St Paul's Lutheran Church Orlando FL       V     140   Aeolian-Skinner 1935
Stockholm City Hall                        V     140   Fries 1972
Paderborn Dom                              IV    139   Sauer 1979-81
Shadyside Presbyterian Church 
                       Pittsburgh PA       IV    138   Reuter 1995
St Louis' Cathedral St Louis MO            IV    135   Wicks 1997
Freiburg Dom (Hauptspieltisch)             IV    134   Rieger et al 1965
St Andrew's Cathedral Honolulu HI          IV    134   Walker Technical 1995-6
Crescent Ave Presbyterian Church 
                          Plainfield NJ    IV    133   Moller 1990
Fort Worth 1st Presbyterian TX            *IV    133rks  Garland
First Baptist Bakersfield CA               IV    132   Turner 1988
Sv Trisvienibas Baznica Liepaja            IV    131   Grüneberg 1885
München Dom                                IV    131   Jann 1995
University Presbyterian Church Seattle WA  IV    129   Reuter 2000
Glenkirk Presbyterian Church Glendora CA   IV    129   Rodgers 1991
Hammond Museum Gloucester MA               IV    129   Dennison et al
University Presbyterian Church Seattle WA  IV    128   Reuter 2000
Sydney Opera House                         V     127   Sharp 1979
Davies Symphony Hall San Francisco CA      V     127   Emisco 1995
West End UMC Nashville TN                  V     127   Moller 1983
Worcester Auditorium MA                    IV    127   Kimball 1933
Sydney Town Hall                           V     124   Hill 1890 (Pogson 1972/82)
Hull City Hall                             IV    126   Rushworth & Dreaper 1985
Midland 1st Presbyterian Church TX         IV    126   Moller 1991
Riga Domkyrka                              IV    125   Flentrop 1981-4
San Sebastian Cathedral                    V     125   Organeria Española 1954
Glens Falls 1st Presbyterian Church NY     IV    124   Reuter 1992
Wahlfahrtskirche/Marienbasilika Kevelaer   IV    124   Seifert 1987
BBC Broadcasting House London              IV    123   Compton 1933
Our Lady of Guadeloupe Mexico City         V     123   Casavant 1976
Third Presbyterian Church Pittsburgh PA    IV    123   Moller 1964
Grace UMC Baltimore MD                     V     121   Turner 1998
Southampton Guildhall                      IV    121   Compton 1936
St Thomas New York (East-organ) NY         IV    121   Mann & Trupiano 1980s
Sao Paulo Cathedral                        V     120   Vegezzi-Bossi 1954
Shreveport 1st UMC LA                      V     120   Moller 1988
Basilica of Our Lady Fatima                V     119   Ruffatti 1952
Fifth Avenue 1st Presb Church New York NY  IV    119   Austin 1961
Fort Lauderdale 1st Baptist Church FL      IV    118   Schantz 1990
St George's Hall Liverpool                 IV    118   Wells 1992-
Metropolitan United Church Toronto         V     117   Casavant 1998
Trinity Church Boston MA                   III   117   Aeolian-Skinner 1962
Chicago University IL                      IV    116   Skinner 1928
Czestochowa Cathedral                      IV    116   Biernacki ND
Nidaros Domkyrka Trondheim                 IV    116   Steinmeyer 1963
Advent Cathedral Birmingham AL             IV    115   Moller 1988
Fort Worth 1st Methodist Church TX         IV    115   Reuter 1967
Konzerthaus Wien                           V     115   Rieger 1981
Orlando 1st Baptist Church FL              IV    115   Schantz 1985
Portland City Hall ME                      V     115   Austin 2000
Rockefeller Chapel Chicago University IL   IV    115   Bradford ND
Rockford 2nd Congregational Church IL      IV    115   Wicks 1979
St John the Divine New York NY             IV    115   Aeolian-Skinner 1954
St Paul Chestnut Hill Philadelphia PA      IV    115   Austin 1989
Shiroishi City Concert Hall                V     115   Obayashi 1996-7
Chicago New 1st Congregational IL          IV    115   Kimball 1927 et al
Frankfurt Dom                              IV    114   Klais 1994
Hill Auditorium Michigan University MI     IV    114   Koontz 1984-95
Moody Memorial 1st UMC Galveston TX        IV    114   Schantz 1998
Trinity Church New York NY                 IV    114   Aeolian-Skinner 1970
Winston-Salem 1st Baptist Church NC        IV    114   Adams 1994
Philadelphia 1st Presbyterian Church PA    IV    113   Reuter 2000
Ingreja Nostra Senhora Auxilliadora 
                       Niteroi             V     112   Tamburini 1956
Berlin Dom                                 IV    112   Sauer 1993
East 91st St. Christian Church 
                        Indianapolis IN    IV    112   Schantz 1991
Lake Avenue Congregational Church 
                           Pasadena CA     IV    112   Casavant ND
Lawrence 1st UMC KS                        IV    112   Reuter 1987
Mainz Dom                                  VI    112   Kemper 1965
Notre Dame Cathédrale Paris                V     112   Boisseau et al 1990-2
Royce Hall UCLA Los Angeles CA             V     112   Turner 1998
St Paul Toronto                            IV    112   Casavant 1956
Grand Rapids 1st Congregational Church MI  IV    111   Moller 1990
Institut National de Radiodiffusion 
                     Brussels              IV    111   Delmotte 1940
Kilbourn Hall Eastman Music School 
                      Rochester NY         IV    111   Aeolian-Skinner 1951
Brick Presbyterian Church New York         IV    110   B.Schulz 1995-6
Civic Auditorium San Francisco CA          IV    110   Schoenstein 1963
Detroit Metropolitan UMC MI                V     110   Moller 1981
Greensboro 1st Presbyterian Church NC      IV    110   Létourneau 2000
Oliwa Cathedral                            V     110   Kaminski 1968
Princeton University Chapel NJ             IV    110   Mander 1991
Monreale Duomo                             VI    109   Ruffatti 1967
Denver 1st Baptist Church CO               IV    108   Aeolian-Skinner 1945-50
East Liberty Presbyterian Church 
                          Pittsburgh PA    IV    108   Aeolian-Skinner 1974
St Paul's Cathedral London                 V     108   Mander 1977
Atlanta 1st Presbyterian Church GA         IV    107   Zimmer 1992
Calvary Episcopal Church Pittsburgh PA     IV    106   Casavant 1991-2
Westminster Abbey London                   V     106   Harrison & Harrison 1987
Basilique Notre Dame de Montréal           IV    104   Casavant 1990-9
Boulder University CO                      IV    104   Turpin 1952-73
Holy Trinity Hull                          IV    104   Compton 1937
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels
                        Los Angeles CA     IV    104   Dobson 2001
Jacoby Hall Jacksonville FL                IV    104   Quimby 1999
Norwich Cathedral                          IV    104   Hill Norman & Beard 1991
St Patrick's Basilica Fremantle	           IV    104   SIOC 1998
Tulsa 1st Presbyterian Church OK           IV    104   Austin 1966
Jacoby Symphony Hall, Jacksonville FL      IV    103   Quimby 2000
Grace Episcopal Cathedral San Francisco CA IV    103   Schoenstein 1999
Royal Festival Hall London                 IV    103   Harrison & Harrison 1954
St Florian Stiftskirche                    IV    103   Zika 1951
St. James Episcopal, New York NY           III   103   Moller 1985
Minnesota University Minneapolis MN        IV    102   Aeolian-Skinner 1936
Papal Audience Aula Vatican City           V     102   Mascioni 1972
St Sulpice Paris                           V     102   Renaud 1991
Temple Emanu-El New York NY                IV    102   Austin 1956
Gothenberg Concert Hall                   *IV    102   James c.1990
Ampleforth Abbey                           IV    101   Walker 1961
Doncaster Parish Church                    V     101   Walker 1935
Lund Cathedral                             IV    101   Marcussen 1934
National Shrine Royal Oak MI               IV    101   Pole & Kingham 1998-9
ORTF Studio 104 Paris                      IV    101   Dargassies 1991/2
St Eustache Paris                          V     101   van den Heuvel 1989
Skyrose Chapel Rose Hills Memorial Park 
                          Whittier CA      IV    101   Quimby 1997
Waldsassen Basilika                        VI    101   Jann 1989
Disney Concert Hall Los Angeles CA         IV    100   Glatter-Götz 2002
Duke University Chapel NC  West Organ      IV    100   Aeolian-Skinner 1948
Girard College Chapel Philadelphia PA      IV    100   Skinner 1932
Marienkirche Lübeck                        V     100   Kemper 1968
Musikverein (Großesaal) Wien               IV    100   Walcker 1968
National Shrine of Our Lady Washington DC  IV    100   Moller 1964
Pontifical Institute of Sacred Music Rome  V     100   Mascioni 1932
Roswell United Methodist Church GA         V     100   Moller 1989
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary 
                             Louisville KY IV    100   Aeolian-Skinner 1963
Erie 1st Presbyterian Ch PA                V     97    Schantz 1982
Ulm Münster                                V     97    Walcker 1969
Sejong Cultural Centre Seoul               VI    96    Schuke 1976/8
Evangelische Gedächtniskirche Speyer       V     95    Kleuker 1979
Florida University Gainesville FL          V     95    Moller 1992
Aichi-Shin-Bunka Kaikan Nagoya             V     93    Schuke 1992
Sv Moric Olomouc                           V     93    Rieger-Kloss 1967
St Bavon Kathedraal Gent                   V     92    Loncke 1994
Sastinske Straze Basilica                  V     92    Rieger-Kloss 1950
Central Reformed Ch Grand Rapids MI        V     91    Dial/Peart 1982/90
Wakefield Cathedral                        V     90    Wood 1985
Coral Ridge Pres Ch Ft Lauderdale FL       V     90    Ruffatti 1975
Holy Family Church New York NY             V     90    Turner 1996
Konserthus Oslo                            V     90    Ott 1979
Nippon Hoso Kyokai Concert Hall            V     90    Schuke 1973
Birmingham Town Hall                       V     89    Mander 1984
Congress Hall (Cultural Palace) Praha      V     89    Rieger-Kloss 1978
LaGrave Avenue Reformed Church 
                        Grand Rapids MI    V     89    Austin 1996
Lindenkirche Berlin                        V     89    M.Bosch 1993
Speyer Dom                                 V     89    Scherpf 1976-7
Maria Himmelfahrt Landsberg                V     87    Schmid 1983
Engelbrekt Kyrke Stockholm                 V     86    Grönlund 1964
Würzburg Dom                               V     86    Klais 1969
Curtis Music Institute Philadelphia PA     V     85    Moller 1975
El Escorial Madrid                         V     85    Eleizgaray 1963/4
Michaelerkirche Hamburg                    V     85    Steinmeyer 1960/6
Friedenskirche Bonnevoie                   V     83    Kemper 1957
Jacobikyrke Stockholm                      V     83    Marcussen 1976
Matyas Templom Budapest                    V     83    Rieger-Kloss 1984
Sankt Anna Altötting                       V     82    Schmid 1976
Scottish Rite Cathedral Indianapolis IN    V     82    Skinner 1929
Christ UMC Rochester MN                    V     81    Sipe 1983
Hofkirche Luzern                           V     81    Kuhn 1977
Ottobeuren Abtei (Marienorgel)             V     81    Steinmeyer 1957
Saalbau Essen                              V     81    Klais 1951
Asbury Methodist Church Allentown PA       V     80    Gress-Miles 1962
St Vincent Roquevaire                      V     80    Birouste 1997
St Joseph Montréal                         V     78    Beckerath 1960
Kentucky University                        V     77    Moller 1980
St. Francois Lausanne                      V     75    Kuhn c.1995?
Dominikanerkirche Landshut                 V     75    Schmid 1965
Wooddale Church Eden Prairie MN            V     75    Visser-Rowland 1990
Dijon Cathédrale                           V     73    Schmid 1995
Brisbane Town Hall                         V     74    Willis 1925
Abyssinian Baptist Church New York NY      V     72    Schantz 1978
Christ's Hospital Horsham (Chapel)         V     71    Mander 1980/1
Mariahilfekirche München-Au                V     71    Schmid 1975
St Ann & Holy Trinity Brooklyn Heights NY  V     71    Keats 1968
Gaston Avenue Baptist Church Dallas TX     V     70    Wicks 1948/51
Louisiana College Pineville LA             V     70    Moller 1973
Blasiuskirche Fulda                        V     67    Kreienbrink 1961
Theatinerkirche München                    V     67    Eisenbarth 1962
Meaux Cathédrale                           V     67    Gonzalez 1980
Karlstad Domkyrka                          V     66    Magnusson 1970
Knox Church Calgary                        V     66    Casavant 1913
Manchester Town Hall                       V     64    Jardine 1970
Tokyo Geijutu Gekiju                       V     63    Garnier 1988-91
Basilika St. Johann, Saarbrücken           V     60    Mayer 1999
Frombork Cathedral                         V     58    Biernacki & Kaminski 1961-9
Albi Cathédrale                            V     55    Formentelli 1981
Reichsabteikirche Roggenburg               V     54    Schmid 1986
St Martin Roubaix                          V     54    Godefroy 1982
Église Reformée Reims                      V     53    Vallotton 1976
St Nicolas-des-Champs Paris                V     48    Gonzalez 1927
Abbatiale de Ste-Croix Bordeaux            V     45    Quoirin 1984-
SS Gervais et Protais Paris                V     41    Danion-Gonzalez 1973


DISCLAIMER
The information given above is, to the best of my knowledge, correct.
However, organs change, are rebuilt or destroyed.
Please email me with any further information, either sins of omission or commission!
(And I know... even builder's leaflets can be in error.)



The next list includes details of very large organs known to have been destroyed or altered, as well as those whose current status is uncertain. Also some historical notes.


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