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A woman in Katsina Central Prison, Nigeria, who is facing the death penalty for having an abortion. Under international human rights law, women have the right to decide on the number and spacing of their children.
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AROUND THE WORLD

At least one out of every three women has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Usually, the abuser is a member of her own family or someone known to her.
L Heise, M Ellsberg, and M Gottemoeller, (December 1999) Ending Violence Against Women, Population Reports, Series L, No. 11. Baltimore, John Hopkins University School of Public Health, p.1.

The World Health Organization has reported that up to 70 % of female murder victims are killed by their male partners.
The World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, 2002. World Report on Violence and Health, p.118.

In the USA, the Surgeon General has warned that domestic violence poses the single largest threat to all women: more than rape, muggings and car accidents put together.
UNDP (1997) Human Development Report.

The Council of Europe has stated that domestic violence is the major cause of death and disability for women aged 16 to 44 and accounts for more death and ill-health than cancer or traffic accidents.

In the USA, women accounted for 85 % of the victims of domestic violence in 1999.
UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women.

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) reported more than 1000 women were the victims of "crimes of honour" in the country in 1999.
F. Pickup with S. Williams and C. Sweetman, (2001) Ending Violence Against Women, OXFAM.

In Rwanda, approximately 500,000 women were raped during the 1994 genocide and an estimated 5,000 pregnancies resulted from those rapes.
International Women's Tribune Centre, 2002.

In Bangladesh, women who are killed by their husbands account for 50 % of all murders.
Yumi Lee, Violence Against Women: Reflections on the Past and Strategies for the Future- An NGO Perspective, 19 Adelaide Law Review 45 at p.49. (http://www.law-lib.utoronto.ca/Diana/fulltext/lee.htm)

The Papua New Guinea Law Reform Commission found that 67 % of rural women and 56 per cent of urban women have been victims of spousal abuse.
UNDP.

It is estimated that over 120 million women have undergone some form of genital mutilation and at least two million girls per year are at risk of mutilation.
UN Family Planning Association (UNFPA) 1997 Report, "The State of the World Population".

Women and children make up some 80 % of the world's millions of refugees and other displaced persons.
Yumi Lee, Violence Against Women: Reflections on the Past and Strategies for the Future- An NGO Perspective, 19 Adelaide Law Review 45 at p. 53. (http://www.law-lib.utoronto.ca/Diana/fulltext/lee.htm)

Over 50% of women experienced some form of sexual violence during the conflict in Sierra Leone in 1999.
International Women's Tribune Centre, 2002.

Women and girls are also subjected to forced prostitution and trafficking with the complicity or participation of peacekeeping forces.
International Women's Tribune Centre, 2002.

More than 60 million women are estimated to be "missing" from the world today as a result of sex-selective abortions and female infanticide according to an estimate by Amartya Sen. China's last census in the year 2000 revealed that the ratio of newborn girls to boys was 100:119. The biological norm is 100:103.
UN Population Fund (1999), Violence against Girls and Women: A Public Health Priority, p.6.

"Crimes of honour" have been reported in some countries in the Middle East, Latin America and South Asia but estimating the prevalence is very difficult as most incidents escape official scrutiny.
F. Pickup with S. Williams and C. Sweetman, (2001) Ending Violence Against Women, OXFAM

South African rape statistics include 52,975 rapes reported in 2000, the age group 12 to 17 years was the most vulnerable, with 472 reported rapes per 100,000 in that group; among 18 to 49 year-olds there were 286 rapes per 100,000; and for girls under 12 years 131 per 100,000.
As researched by Amnesty International.

It is estimated that in Russia 14,000 women were killed by their partners or relatives in 1999, yet the country still has no law specifically addressing domestic violence.
Russian Government.

Up to 200,000 women were estimated to have been forced to serve as "comfort women" in military brothels of the Japanese Imperial army during World War II.
G. Hicks, (1995) The Comfort Women: Japan's Brutal Regime of Enforced Prostitution in the Second World War, New York: W.W.Norton.

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