Training Depots, 1873-1881 [UK]
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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 5 February 2002. Corrected and updated 21.07.2005
 
 
Training Depots
(Territorialisation of British Infantry)
1873-1881
 
 United Kingdom  
See also British:
Depots:
Introduction Infantry 1834-1871 Infantry 1873-1881 Infantry 1946-present
Regiments and Corps:
Alphabetic Index Numeric Index
Introduction to Regulars Introduction to Militia
English County Index of
Militia and Volunteers
Irish County Index of
Militia and Volunteers
Scottish County Index of
Militia and Volunteers
Welsh County Index of
Militia and Volunteers
Formations:
Index of Home Commands
Index of Divisions
Index of Armies, Corps & Overseas Commands Index of Brigades
 

      In 1872 Secretary of War Edward Cardwell's Localisation Committee created "Sub-district Brigade Depots". This scheme, taking effect 1 April 1873, paired 141 regular army battalions at 68 numbered permanent depots. In theory at least, one partner in a pair of battalions served overseas service while the other battalion remained at the depot to recruit and train and send drafts to the overseas battalion, and at regular intervals they would change places. In 1874 these were renamed "Infantry Brigade Depots". While most of the old regimental county names were respected by creating depots for them in those counties, it was impossible to pair all battalions accordingly, and 37 of the old regiments found themselves in a "foreign" home.

     Secretary of War Hugh Childers implemented a second phase of this territorialisation scheme on 1 July 1881, permanently linking the paired battalions into new two-battalion regiments. The 1st through 25th Regiments and the 60th and Rifle Brigade already had multiple battalions, thus exempting them from the trauma of change. Albeit with much resistance, the regiments gave up the numbers by which they had been known for 130 years, and the "brigade" depots were renamed Regimental Districts which took their numbers from the senior of the two old paired regiments. In the 1881 reorganisation seven of the 1873 pairings of battalions were rearranged -- a minor tweaking of the system. Regiments which since 1873 had developed territorial ties incongruous with their 1782 county titles were retitled more appropriately.

     The odd number of battalions was addressed in 1873 by placing the 17th Regiment (2 battalions) and 45th Regiment (1 battalion) in the same depot. One Scottish regiment (94th) was put in Ireland, producing an even number of battalions in both Scotland and Ireland. In 1881 the 75th Regiment was moved from England to Scotland. All the 1873 Scottish pairings were reshuffled, and the 79th Regiment became the odd one with a single battalion. It raised its own 2nd Battalion in 1897.

     Blue = Old regimental county titles not matching their 1873 county assignment.
     Red = Regimental pairings of 1873 which were changed in 1881.

 
Depot 1873
Place 1873
Regiments 1873
District 1881
Regiment 1881
Place Change 1881
ENGLAND

1

Newcastle

5 Northumberland
(2 bns)

5

Northumberland

 

2

Carlisle

34 Cumberland
55 Westmorland

34

Border

 

3

Sunderland

68 Durham
106 Bombay

68

Durham

 

4

Richmond

19 1st York NR
(2 bns)

19

North Yorks

 

5

Beverley

15 E Yorks
(2 bns)

15

East Yorks

 

6

York

25 Sussex
(2 bns)

25

KOB (KOSB)

Berwick

7

Pontefract

65 2nd York NR
84 York&Lanc

65

York & Lancs

 

8

Pontefract

51 2nd York WR
105 Madras

51

KOYLI

 

9

Halifax

33 1st York WR
76 Hindoostan

33

York West Riding

 

10

York

14 Buckingham
(2 bns)

14

West Yorks

 

11

Lancaster

4 King’s Own
(2 bns)

4

King’s Own

 

12

Preston

47 Lancashire
81 Lincoln

47

North Lancs

 

13

Liverpool

8 King’s
(2 bns)

8

King’s

 

14

Warrington

40 2nd Somerset
82 POW Vols

40

South Lancs

 

15

Burnley

30 Cambridge
59 2nd Nottingham

30

East Lancashire

 

16

Ashton

63 W Suffolk
96

63

Manchester

 

17

Bury

20 E Devon
(2 bns)

20

Lancs Fusiliers

 

18

Chester

22 Cheshire
(2 bns)

22

Cheshire

 

19

Lichfield

38 1st Stafford
80 Stafford

38

South Staffs

 

20

Lichfield

64 2nd Stafford
98 POW

64

North Staffs

 

21

Shrewsbury

43 Monmouth
53 Shropshire

53

Shropshire
(53 & 85)
 

22

Worcester

29 Worcester
36 Hereford

29

Worcester

 

23

Wrexham

23 R Welsh Fus
(2 bns)

23

Royal Welsh

 

24

Cardiff

41 Welsh
69 S Lincoln

41

Welsh

 

25

Brecon

24 2nd Warwick
(2 bns)

24

South Wales B

 

26

Derby

54 W Norfolk
95 Derby

45

Derby
(45 & 95)

 

27

Leicester

17 Leicester
(2 bns)
45 Nottingham

17

Leicester

 

28

Warwick

6 1st Warwick
(2 bns)

6

Warwick

 

29

Northampton

48 Northampton
58 Rutland

48

Northampton

 

30

Lincoln

10 N Lincoln
(2 bns)

10

Lincoln

 

31

Great Yarmouth

9 E Norfolk
(2 bns)

9

Norfolk

Norwich

32

Bury St Edmunds

12 E Suffolk
(2 bns)

12

Suffolk

 

33

Bedford

16 Bedford
(2 bns)

16

Bedford

 

34

Exeter

11 N Devon
(2 bns)

11

Devonshire

 

35

Bodmin

32 Cornwall
46 S Devon

32

Cornwall

 

36

Taunton

13 1st Somerset
(2 bns)

13

Somerset

 

37

Bristol

28 N Gloucester
61 S Gloucester

28

Gloucester

 

38

Devizes

62 Wiltshire
99 Lanark

62

Wiltshire

 

39

Dorchester

39 Dorsetshire
75 Stirlingshire

39

Dorset
(39 & 54)
 

40

Winchester

37 N Hampshire
67 S Hampshire

37

Hampshire

 

41

Reading

49 Hertfordshire
66 Berkshire

49

Berkshire

 

42

Oxford

52 Oxford
85 Buckingham

43

Oxford
(43 & 52)
 

43

Chichester

35 Sussex
107 Bengal

35

Sussex

 

44

Warley

44 E Essex
56 W Essex

44

Essex

 

45

Canterbury

3 E Kent
(2 bns)

3

East Kent

 

46

Maidstone

50 W Kent
97 Earl of Ulster

50

West Kent

 

47

Kingston

31 Huntingdon
70 Surrey

31

East Surrey

 

48

Guildford

2 W Surrey
(2 bns)

2

West Surrey

 

49

Hounslow

7 R Fusiliers
(2 bns)

7

Royal Fusiliers

 

50

Hounslow

57 W Middlesex
77 E Middlesex

57

Middlesex

 

51

Winchester

60 KRRC
(4 bns)

Rifle

KRRC

 

52

53

Winchester

Rifle Brigade
(4 bns)

Rifle Rifle Brigade Gosport

54

SCOTLAND
Note:  KOSB not yet a Scottish regiment (see Depot No. 6)

55

Inverness

71 Highland
78 Ross-shire
79 QO Cameron
(79 = 1 bn)
 
     

72

Seaforth
(72 & 78)

Fort George

56

Aberdeen

92 Gordon
93 Sutherland

75

Gordon
(75 & 92)
 

57

Perth

42 R Highland
79 Cameron

42

Black Watch
(42 & 73)
 

58

Stirling

72 Highland
91 Argyll

91

Argyll & Suther
(91 & 93)
 

59

Hamilton

26 Cameronian
74 Highland

26

Cameronians
(26 & 90)
 

60

Hamilton

73 Highland
90 Perthshire

71

HLI
(71 & 74)
 

61

Ayr

21 R Scots Fus
(2 bns)

21

Royal Scots Fus

 

62

Glencorse

1 Royal Scots
(2 bns)

1

Royal Scots

 
IRELAND

63

Belfast

83 County Dublin
86 County Down

83

Royal Irish Rif

 

64

Omagh

27 Inniskilling
108 Madras

27

Inniskilling

 

65

Armagh

89 P Victoria
94 (Scotch Bde)

87

Royal Irish Fus
(87 & 89)
 

66

Naas

102 Madras
103 Bombay

102

R Dublin Fus

 

67

Birr

100 R Canadian
109 Bombay

100

Leinster

 

68

Galway

87 Irish
88 Connaught

88

Connaught Ran
(88 & 94)
 

69

Clonmel

18 R Irish
(2 bns)

18

Royal Irish

 

70

Tralee

101 Bengal
104 Bengal

101

R MunsterFus