The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers [UK]
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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills, Graham Watson
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 10.07.2006
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The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers
crest and tie
by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
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How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1674.08.08 The Irish Regiment
raised for Dutch service; also known until 1751 by the names of colonels
1685 transferred to English Establishment
1751.07.01 5th Regiment of Foot
1782.08.31 5th (the Northumberland) Regiment of Foot
1836.05.04 5th Regiment of Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers)
1881.07.01 The Northumberland Fusiliers
reorganised as the county regiment of Northumberland, encompassing also its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below]
1935.06.03 The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers
1968.04.23 united with The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers, The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), and The Lancashire Fusiliers, to form The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
pip A History of His Majesty's Fifth Foot in America, by Chris Cox
pip History of the 5th Regiment in the American War of Independence.
pip The Northumberland Fusiliers, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
pip The Northumberland Fusiliers, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
pip The Northumberland Fusiliers 1914-18, by Paul Reed
RHQ and Depot:
  ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
  1st Brigade Depot at Newcastle [1873-1881]
  5th Regimental District at Newcastle [1881-1905]
  E Group, at Catterick [1946-1948]
  Yorkshire and Northumberland Brigade, at York [1948-1958]
  Fusilier Brigade at Sutton Coldfield [1958-1968]
  1st Battalion [1674-1968]
  2nd Battalion [1799-1803, 1804-1816, 1857-1948]
  3rd Battalion [1900-1907]
  4th Battalion [1900-1907]
Militia and Special Reserve:
  3rd Battalion (Northumberland Light Infantry Regt of Militia) [1881-1953]
Territorials and Volunteers:
  1st Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  2nd Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  3rd Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  4th Battalion [1908-1950]
  4th/5th Battalion [1950-1967]
  The 4th/5th/6th Battalion [1967-1971]
  5th Battalion [1908-1950]
  6th (City) Battalion [1908-1967]
  7th Battalion [1908-1967]
  8th (Cyclist) Battalion [1908-1910]
  Fusilier Volunteers [1967-1968]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
  2/4th Battalion [1914-1918]
  4th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1919]
  2/5th Battalion [1914-1917]
  5th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  2/6th Battalion [1914-1917]
  6th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  2/7th Garrison Battalion [1914-1919]
  7th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  8th Battalion [1939-1941]
  9th (Service) Battalion [1914-1917]
  9th (Northumberland Hussars) Battalion [1917-1919]
  9th Battalion (M.G.) [1939-1942]
  10th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  10th (Home Defence) Battalion [1939-1941]
  2/10th (Home Defence) Battalion [1940-1940]
  11th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  11th (Home Defence) Battalion [1940-1941]
  12th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  13th (Service) Battalion [1914-1917]
  14th (Service) Battalion (Pioneers) [1914-1919]
  15th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
  16th (Newcastle) (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
  17th (Service) Battalion (North Eastern Railway, Pioneers) [1914-1919]
  18th (Service) Battalion (1st Tyneside Pioneers) [1914-1919]
  19th (Service) Battalion (2nd Tyneside Pioneers) [1914-1919]
  20th (Service) Battalion (1st Tyneside Scottish) [1914-1918]
  21st (Service) Battalion (2nd Tyneside Scottish) [1914-1918]
  22nd (Service) Battalion (3rd Tyneside Scottish) [1914-1919]
  23rd (Service) Battalion (4th Tyneside Scottish) [1915-1918]
  24th (Service) Battalion (1st Tyneside Irish) [1914-1917]
  24th/27th (Service) Battalion (Tyneside Irish) [1917-1918]
  25th (Service) Battalion (2nd Tyneside Irish) [1915-1919]
  26th (Service) Battalion (3rd Tyneside Irish) [1914-1918]
  27th (Service) Battalion (4th Tyneside Irish) [1915-1917]
  28th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  29th (Reserve) Battalion (Tyneside Scottish) [1915-1916]
  30th (Reserve) Battalion (Tyneside Irish) [1915-1916]
  30th Battalion [1941-1945]
  31st (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  32nd (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
  33rd (Reserve) Battalion (Tyneside Scottish) [1916-1916]
  34th (Reserve) Battalion (Tyneside Irish) [1916-1916]
  35th Battalion [1917-1919]
  36th Battalion [1917-1919]
  37th (Home Service) Battalion [1918-1919]
  38th (Service) Battalion [1918-1918]
  39th (Service) Battalion [1919-1920]
  40th (Service) Battalion [1919-1919]
  51st (Service) Battalion [1917-1920]
  52nd (Service) Battalion [1917-1920]
  53rd (Service) Battalion [1917-1919]
  1st Garrison Battalion [1915-1920]
  2nd Garrison Battalion [1915-1920]
  3rd (Home Service) Garrison Battalion [1916-1919]
  70th (Young Soldier) Battalion [1940-1942]
  29th Independent Brigade Group MG Company (RNF) [1942?-1943?]
Wilhelmstahl, St. Lucia 1778, Rolica, Vimiera, Corunna, Busaco, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Lucknow, Afghanistan 1878-80, Khartoum, Modder River, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War [52 battalions]:  Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914 '18, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914 '17 '18, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914 '15 '17 '18, Nonne Bosschen, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Rosières, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Béthune, Scherpenberg, Drocourt Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Courtrai, Selle, Valenciennes, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Piave, Vittorio Veneto, Italy 1917-18, Struma, Macedonia 1915-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1916-17

The Second World War:  Defence of Escaut, Arras Counter Attack, St. Omer-La Bassée, Dunkirk 1940, Odon, Caen, Cagny, Falaise, Nederrijn, Rhineland, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45, Sidi Barrani, Defence of Tobruk, Tobruk 1941, Belhamed, Cauldron, Ruweisat Ridge, El Alamein, Advance on Tripoli, Medenine, North Africa 1940-43, Salerno, Volturno Crossing, Monte Camino, Garigliano Crossing, Cassino II, Italy 1943-45, Singapore Island

Seoul, Imjin, Kowang-San, Korea 1950-51

3rd Battalion:   Mediterranean 1900-01

flag A small Third or Drummer's Colour was adopted in 1836 upon granting of the Wilhelmstahl battle honour, and paraded annually on St. George's Day.
Badges: St. George and the Dragon.
In each of the four corners of the Regimental Colour, the united Red and White Rose slipped and ensigned with the Royal Crest: adopted 1674 by the English Brigade in Dutch service.
Uniform: 1674-1881: scarlet; facings: gosling green
1881-1899: scarlet; facings: white
1899-1953: scarlet; facings: gosling green
1953-1968: blue; facings: gosling green; piping: gosling green
headdress: Grenadier caps, adopted 1762 from captured French Grenadier regiment at Wilhelmstahl. Fur fusilier cap replaced shako in 1865. plume/hackle: red over white, adopted 1778 as white plume from plunder of French at St. Lucia, and changed to red/white in 1830 when white became standard for all infantry regiments.
tartan: Northumberland (pipers' plaids)
1674.08.08 Col. Daniel (O'Brien), 3rd Viscount Clare
1675.08.02 Maj-Gen. Sir John Fenwick, Bt [also 4th Horse]
1676.09.11 Col. Henry Wisely
1680.12.10 Col. Thomas Monk
1688.10.09 Lt-Gen. Thomas Tollemache [also Coldstream Gds]
1689.05.01 Col. Edward Lloyd
1694.11.06 Maj-Gen. Thomas Fairfax
1704.02.05 Lt-Gen. Thomas Pearce [also 5th Horse]
1732.12.15 Lt-Gen. Sir John Cope, KB [also 7th Dgns, 9th Dgns]
1737.06.27 Lt-Gen. Alexander Irwin
1752.11.02 Col. Charles Whitefoord
1754.08.20 Maj-Gen. Lord George Bentinck
1759.10.24 F.M. Studholme Hodgson [also 4th Horse, 11th Dgns, 4th Foot, 50th Foot]
1768.11.07 Gen. Hugh (Percy), 2nd Duke of Northumberland (Baron Warkworth), KG [also 2nd Tp Horse Gren Gds, R Horse Gds, 111th Foot; Viceroy Ireland]
1784.11.01 Lt-Gen. Hon. Edward Stopford
1794.10.25 F.M. Sir Alured Clarke, GCB [also 7th Foot, 1st Bn 60th Foot, 68th Foot; C-in-C Bengal 1797, C-in-C India]
1801.08.21 Lt-Gen. Richard England
1812.11.07 Lt-Gen. William Wynyard [also R West India Rangers]
1819.07.12 Gen. Sir Henry Johnson, Bt, GCB [also 81st Foot]
1835.03.25 Gen. Hon. Sir Charles Colville, GCB, GCH [also 14th Foot]
1843.04.04 Lt-Gen. Sir Jasper Nicolls, KCB [also 38th Foot, 93rd Foot]
1849.05.18 Gen. Sir John Grey, KCB [also 73rd Foot; C-in-C Bombay 1850-52]
1856.02.20 Gen. William Lovelace Walton
1865.01.12 Lt-Gen. William Longworth Dames
1868.02.21 Gen. Edward Rowley Hill
1878.09.11 Gen. William Lygon (Pakenham), 4th Earl of Longford, GCB
1887.04.20 Gen. Joseph Henry Laye
1895.04.03 Lt-Gen. Frederick Arthur Willis, CB
1899.05.29 Lt-Gen. Sir George Bryan Milman, KCB
1915.01.29 Maj-Gen. Sir Percival Spearman Wilkinson, KCMG, CB [also Cmdt. Gold Coast Regt; Insp. Gen. RWAFF]
1935.07.05 Maj-Gen. William Norman Herbert, CB, CMG, DSO
1947.01.01 Maj-Gen. Harold de Riemer Morgan, DSO
1953.03.12 F.M. Sir Francis Wogan Festing, GCB, KBE, DSO [also Rifle Bde; CIGS]
1965.10.01 Maj-Gen. Roger Ellis Tudor St. John, CB, MC [continued 1968 as Dep. Col. RRF]
vc Victoria Crosses [5th Regiment], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc Victoria Crosses [Northumberland Fusiliers], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc Victoria Crosses [Royal Northumberland Fusiliers], by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc VCs in the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
pip Ensign John Brabzon Kemeys Tynte, 5th Fusiliers, by Fred Larimore
Motto: Quo fata vocant
Nicknames: The Fighting Fifth: from a remark made by Wellington during the Peninsular War: "The ever fighting, often tried, but never failing Fifth".
The Old and Bold: said to have originated in the Peninsular War.
The Shiners: from their smart appearance at a 1769 inspection in Ireland, and still used in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Anniversaries: St. George's Day (23 Apr.) - beginning in 1836 when the regiment was made Fusiliers, to commemorate Wilhelmstahl (1762), when the regiment captured an enemy Colour.
El Bodon Day [i.e. Ciudad Rodrigo] (25 Sept.)
Freedoms: construction sign
Marches: quick: The British Grenadiers
  quick: Blaydon Races
  slow: St. George
Musicians: construction sign
Mascot: construction sign
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:
Canada flag The Northumberland Regiment
Canada flag The Midland Regiment (Northumberland and Durham) 1936-1954
Canada flag The Elgin Regiment
Canada flag Les Fusiliers du St. Laurent
Australia flag 35th Battalion (Newcastle's Own Regiment) 1930-1951
Australia flag 43rd/48th Infantry Battalion (The Hindmarsh Regiment) 1960-1960
swords His Majesty's Fifth Regiment of Foot [American Revolution], by Chris Cox
swords Light Infantry Company, 5th Regiment of Foot [American Revolution]
monument The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers Museum (Museum site)
monument Fusiliers Museum of Northumberland, Alnwick (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
monument Fusiliers Museum of Northumberland, Alnwick, by Henrik Teller (Simonides listing).
Regimental Journal:
book St. George's gazette. 1883-1968.
Full Histories:
book Wood, Walter. The Northumberland Fusiliers. London : G. Richards, 1901. (British regiments in war and peace)

Walker, H. M., Miss. A history of the Northumberland fusiliers, 1674-1902. London : J. Murray, 1919.

book Cooper, H. What the Fusiliers did : an account of the part taken by the 1st Battalion, 5th Northumberland Fusiliers in the Afghan campaigns of 1878-79 and 1879-80. Lahore : printed by Ram Das at the Civil and Military Press, 1880.
book Baxter, Paddy; and Masters, John (John Walton). Fusilier Geordie : tales from the Fifth, (Royal Northumberland) Fusiliers 1944 to 1968. Edinburgh : Pentland Press, 1997. ISBN: 1858214882
book Martin, John. K Force : to the sharp-end. Leamington Spa : Korvet, 1999. ISBN: 0951775073 [Korean War]
book Wood, Denis (Denis Roland). The fifth fusiliers and its badges. London : D. R. Wood, 1988. ISBN: 0951328506
Short Histories:
Cannon, Richard J. Historical record of the Fifth Regiment of Foot, or Northumberland Fusiliers; containing an account of the formation of the Regiment in the year 1674, and of its subsequent services to 1837. London : Clowes, 1838. (Historical records of the British Army)
Northumberland Fusiliers : extracts from the digest of service, Fifth Fusiliers, in continuation of Cannon's historical record, 1837-1910. Gharial : Fifth Fusiliers Printing Press, 1911.
book A short narrative of the Fifth Regiment of Foot : or Northumberland Fusiliers, with a chronological table and succession list of the officers, from 1st January, 1754, to 1st May, 1873. London : Printed by Howard, Jones and Parkes, 1873.
book The Northumberland Fusiliers. London : C.P. Sisley, 1915. (The stories of our regiments)
book Brewis, Alfred. The Northumberland Fusiliers : ("the fighting fifth") ... Newcastle-upon-Tyne (England:] Privately printed ... by Alfred Brewis, 1915.
book Pratt, Reinald Michael. Summary of the history and traditions of "The Fifth" The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : J. & P. Beals, 1950.
book Wooll, G. A short history of th e5th Fusiliers from 1674 to 1911. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : J. & P. Beals, 1934.
book Peacock, Basil. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (the 5th Regiment of Foot). London : Leo Cooper Ltd., 1970. ISBN: 0850520282 (Famous regiments)
book The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers : summary of the history and traditions of 'The Ffth' The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, 1674-1967. [s.l. : s.n.], 1967.
book Pratt, Reginald Michael. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers: story of "The Fifth" and an account of the regimental museum housed in the Abbot's Tower, Alnwick Castle, Northumberland. Derby : English Life, 1971. ISBN: 0851010199
book Pratt, Reginald Michael; and Newbery, Sydney W. The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers : story of "The Fifth" and an account of the Regimental Museum housed in the Abbot's Tower, Alnwick Castle, Northumberland. Derby : English Life Publications, 1981. ISBN: 0851011772
book 1st Battalion 5th Fusiliers, Rawalpindi 1910. Paris : Evrard, 1910.
book 2nd Battalion, Fifth Fusiliers, Fyzabad, 1924. Aldershot : Gale & Polden, 1934.
book Farrier, G.N. Catalogue of the regimental and Foster collection of medals in the regimental museum of the Royal Northumberland fusiliers, Fenham barracks, Newcastle upon Tyne. [Newcastle upon Tyne : s.n.], 1956.


book Adamson, William. Notices of the services of the 27th Northumberland Light Infantry Militia, now 3rd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers, with a brief account of several local corps of volunteers which were enrolled in the county of Northumberland and in the town and county of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, during the war with France, toward the close of the present century. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : Robert Robinson, 1877.
book Adamson, William; and Scott, Robert, eds. The services of the 27th Northumberland light infantry militia, now 3rd battalion Northumberland fusiliers... and continued up to the present time. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : A. Reid, 1914. "Part I reprinted from volume issued in 1877."


book Hicks, J.G. The volunteers of a hundred years ago, with a description of the Corps formed in Northumberland and Newcastle-on-Tyne. Newcastle-on-Tyne : printed for private circulation by The North of England Volunteer Service Association, 1904.

First World War:

book Sandilands, Harold Richard. The Fifth in the Great War : a history of the 1st & 2nd Northumberland Fusiliers, 1914-1918. Dover : G.W. Grigg and Son, 1938.
book Bunbury, W. J. A diary of an officer : with the 4th Northumberland Fusiliers, in France and Flanders, from April 20th to May 24th, 1915. Hexham : J. Catherall, 1915.
book Callin, R. Wilfrid. When the lantern of hope burned low : the story of the 1/4 Northumberland Fusiliers (T. F.) during the German offensives of March, April, May, 1918. [s.l.] : R. W. Callin, J. Catherall, [1918?]
book Buckley, F. War history of the Seventh Northumberland Fusiliers. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : T.M. Grierson, 1919.
book Cooke, Charles Herbert. Historical records of the 9th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Council of the Newcastle and Gateshead Incorporated Chamber of Commerce, 1928. (Histories of the Northumberland Fusiliers ; v. 1)
book Cooke, C. H. Historical records of the 16th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers. Newcastle-upon-Tyne : Published for private distribution by the Council of the Newcastle and Gateshead, Chamber of commerce, 1923. (Histories of the Northumberland Fusiliers ; v. 2)
book Shakespear, John. A record of the 17th and 32nd Service battalions : Northumberland Fusiliers (N.E.R.) Pioneers, 1914- 1919. Newcastle upon Tyne : Northumberland Press, 1926.
book The 17th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (N.E.R.) (Pioneers) : an account of the Battalion's formation and training for six months, September, 1914, to February, 1915. York : Northeastern Railway Magazine ; London : The Railway Gazette, 1915.
book Shakespear, John. Historical records of the 18th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (Pioneers). New-Castle-on-Tyne : Printed for private distribution by the Council of the Newcastle and Gateshead Chamber of Commerce, 1920. (Histories of the Northumberland Fusiliers ; v. 3)
book Cooke, C. H. Historical records of the 19th Service Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (Pioneers). Newcastle on Tyne : Plymouth : Council of the Newcastle & Gateshead ; Mayflower Press, 1920. (Histories of the Northumberland Fusiliers ; v. 4)
book Keating, Joseph. Irish heroes in the war. London : Everett & Co., 1917. [24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, and 30th Bns, Tyneside Irish]
book Sheen, John. Tyneside Irish : 24th, 25th & 26th & 27th (Service) battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers, a history of the Tyneside Irish Brigade raised in the North East in World War One. Barnsley, England : Pen & Sword Books, 1998. ISBN: 085052587X

Second World War:

book Barclay, C. N. (Cyril Nelson). The history of the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers in the Second World War. London, : Published for the Regimental History Committee, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, by W. Clowes, 1952.
book Mather, T. I.; and Van der Gucht, H.B. A history of No. 1 Indep M.G. Coy, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers in the campaign in N.W. Europe, 1944-45. [s.l. : s.n., ca. 1945]
Manuscripts and Archives:
book Orderly Books of the Crown Forces in America 1775-1784, compiled by John K. Robertson, Don Hagist, Todd Braisted, and Don Londahl-Smidt (RevWar'75)