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Alemde koptegen turik tildes qaliq bar ekeni barshaga ayan. Solardin tilderinde qanday sayttar bar? degen suraqqa cavap izdeseniz, sizge Turkcestan atti saytti kenes berer edik. http://users.pandora.be/orientaal/turkcestan.html Eger, turki tilderi tuvrali gilmiy enbekterge kobirek konil bolginiz kelse, oris tilindegi mina saytti da bir korip shiqqaniz artiq bolmas edi. http://altaica.narod.ru/links.htm Qurmetpen, Istanbul, Abdulvahap Kara History of Kazakstan

ABAI(IBRAGIM)KUNANBAEV

(22.08.1845-05.07.1904) Abai Kunanbaev was a great poet and thinker of the Kazakh nation, the founder of the Kazakh literary language. His literary creative work represented an entirely new stage in the development not only of artistic, but also of socio-political and philosophical thinking of Kazakh society of his time. Abai's historical merit as an artist and a thinker consists in the fact that in his creative work, he managed to convey the most urgent problems and conflicts of his time with consummate profundity and honesty. Having thoroughly studied cultural wealth of his native people and great works of Russian, West European and Eastern cultures, Abai Kunanbaev considerably expanded the horizons of Kazakh literature. His influence on the further development of the social consciousness of the Kazakh people is immeasurably profound. His poetry, translations of works of Russian and West European authors, and philosophical reflections (words of edification) in their spirit, form and content marked a new stage in the history of Kazakh literature. While a strongly folk - and national-oriented poet, at the same time Abai managed to achieve the status of being a teacher of universal, human values. Recently the UNESCO Council made the decision to include Abai's name in the list of outstanding people whose anniversaries will be celebrated by the world community in 1995.

ABULKHAIR-KHAN(1693-1748)

Was a Kazakh khan, diplomat, general and statesman. During a period of struggle against Jungar agression, Abulkhair emerged as an organizer of a united Kazakh militia and proved to be a gifted commander. Under his leadership the Kazakh militia won an historic victory over the Jungars, defeating them in a battle on the Bulanty river in 1726 and in the battle of Anrakay in 1729. As a result, Jungar agression on Kazakh soil was brought to an end. As a far-sighted politician Abulkhair, under conditions of constant foreign threat from the Chinese empire, Russia and the Jungars, chose protection from the Russian empire in order to preserve the Kazakh State. On 10 October, 1731, together with representatives of the Kazakh nobility, Abulkhair signed a legal act on the joining of the Kazakhs of the Minor Horde (Kazakh "zhuz", or "one hundred") to Russia. Later on Abulkhair-khan's activity was directed at preserving Kazakh statehood and limiting the colonial claims of the Russian empire. Abulkhair's name was entered in the history of the Kazakh nation as an outstanding statesman.

AL FARABI(870-950)
(ABU NASR MUKHAMMAD IBN TARKHAN)



Was an outstanding scientist, encyclopedist and philosopher from Otrar (a city in the south of Kazakhstan). He was a prominent representative of the Eastern branch of peripateticism, a school of thought founded by Aristotle, developed during the ancient period, and later inherited by Arabic-speaking cultures. This tendency became one of the basic ideological currents of the Arab East, synthesizing the philosophies of Hellenistic, Arab-Islamic, Jewish, Persian, Turkish and other cultures. AI-Farab wrote over 100 treatises of which only 32 have survived to the present-day. AI-Farabi considered logic to be the base of all sciences, an instrument for achieving reliable universal knowledge from empirical data and pro ving its truth. In ontology he developed a theory of emanation: all existing matter is formed by a perpetual flowing out from the Original Being, or the first element of a series of descending levels of existence, each of which correspond to a certain stage of world Reason and a celestial sphere. The lowest stage is formed by the world of terrestrial thingsand human intellect, which is capable of joining the Highest Reason. This social and ethical doctrine is based on the utopian idea of a "virtuous city". The city is headed by an enlightened ruler who combines spiritual and secular power, and is capable of learning the universal truths of the Good and Justice and inculcating the citizens; in harmony, the citizens achieve the Good Life by means of combined efforts. Al-Farabi´s thought influenced other Eastern philosophers such as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Rushd (Averroes), Ibn Badja, and Ibn Tufail, as well as European philosophy and science.

Ablai-Khan(1711-1781)

Was a Kazakh khan, one of the most authoritative statesman of Central Asia in the 18th century. Being a descendant of Chingis-Khan, Ablai-Khan belonged to the senior branch of descendants of the founder of the Kazakh state, Janybek-Khan (15th century).In the first half of the 18th century Ablai-Khan proved to be a talented organizer of the liberation struggle of the people, and an outstanding commander as he headed detachments of the Kazakh militia fighting the Jungarian troops. He participated in the most significant battles against the Jungars from the 1720s to the 1750s, for which he was declared a "batyr" ("hero") by the people.
Both within Kazakhstan and outside of the country´s borders, Ablai-Khan was known as a far-sighted and wise politician who was gifted with outstanding diplomatic abilities and statesmanship.Ablai´s activity aimed to create a strong and independent Kazakh state.He headed the unified forces of the Kazakhs and furthered the centralization of state power in Kazakhstan.In 1771 at the meeting of the representatives of the three hordes(Kazakh "zhuz" or "one hundred"), Ablai was elected as a Kazakh khan. The period of his rule was marked by the stabilization of the political situation in Kazakhstan, a heightening of the country´s prestige, and the extension of economic and cultural ties of between the Kazakhs and other peoples of the Central Asia.
Numerous legends and poems have been preserved by the Kazakh people; these tales glorify Ablai-Khan´s diplomatic abilities, personal courage and boldness, political intellect, and strenght of spirit.

Ablai-Khan

SUINBAI ARONULY(1815-1898)

Is among the outstanding and brilliant representatives of a democratic current of poetic (akyn) creative work. He was reknowned for poetic talent and ability to perform and improvise. Suinbai's creative work reflects the history and traditions, and life and morals of the Kazakhs, and is imbued with enthusiasm for the struggle for justice and a belief in future of his people. In his epic works the poet sang of the heroic struggle of the Kazakh people against conquerors and created vivid images of the defenders of the fatherland; his verses revealed social contradictions and branded the negative phenomena of feudal society. Suinbai was famous for aitys (poetry recited or performed in a type of public competition); his aityses were notable for emotional tension, social poignancy, and expressiveness of language. Disciples of his poetry, the great akyn Jambul, the outstanding poets Kenen, Umbetali and others, considered themselves Suinbai's pupils and further developed the best traditions of his school, drawing inspiration in his legacy.

Asan Kaigy(XV. gasyr)

Asan Kaigy atanyp ketken Xasan S䢩tuly 1361-1370 jyldar aralygynda Edil boiynda tuvsa kerek. Tarihi anyzdar Asannyn 䫥si saiatshy eken deidi. Revolyuviziadan buryn jasagan kazak tarihshylarynyn enbekterine karaganda, Asan Altyn Orda hany Ulug-Muhamedtin ikpaly biylerinin biri bolady. XV gasyrdyn 20-jyldarynda Ulug-Muhamed Ordadan kuvylganda Asan ??mirshisimen birge ketedi. K??zamai Kazanda biylik kurgan Ulug-Muhamedtin akylg??ri katarynda bolgan akyn, han ??n son D䳨ti-Kypshakka kaityp oralady. 1450 jyldarda Ģilkaiyr ulysyndagy tartys kezinde Kerei, J䮩bek sultandardy jaktaidy. 1456 jyly Shuv alkabynda Kazak Ordasy kurylgan kezde Asan jana memlekettin uranshysyna ainalady. Sir䬠Asan kazaktardyn buryngy K??rda jerindegi ??i artyp, kazirgi Kazakstannyn ortalyk j䮥 solt??k-batys alkabyn kaitadan ielengen vakyty - 1465 jyly 䬩 tiri bolsa kerek. Anyzdyn aituvynsha, akyn Saryarkada - Ulytavda d?? salypty.

*************************************
Kuirugy jok, jaly jok kulan kaitip k????,
Aiagy jok, koly jok jylan kaitip k????!?
Shybyn shyksa jaz bolyp, tazdar kaitip k????,
Jalan aiak balapan kazdar kaitip k????!?


Taza minsiz asyl tas
Suv t??de jatady,
Taza minsiz asyl s??r> Oi t??de jatady.

Suv t??de jatkan tas
Jel tolkytsa shygady,
Oi t??de jatkan s??r> Sher tolkytsa shygady.

...Kyrynda kiyik jailagan,
Suvynda balyk oinagan,
Oimavyttai togai eginnin
Oiyna kelgen asyn jeitugyn,
Jemde kenes kylmadyn,
Jemnen de eldi k??rdin,
Oiyl degen oiyndy,
Otyn tapsan toiyndy,
Oiyl k??n jasy edi,
Oiylda kenes kylmadyn,
Oiyldan eldi k??rdin.
Elben-elben j??gen,
Ebelek otka semirgen,
Eki semiz kolga alyp,
Erler jortyp k????n,
Edil degen kianga,
Enkeip keldin tar jerge,
Munda kenes kylmadyn.
Kenestin t??naraduv,
.......................................
N䬥t bizdin j??ke,
Edil menen Jaiktyn
Birin jazga jailagan,
Birin kyska kystagan,
Al kolyndy malarsyn
Altyn menen k??ke!..
...................................
Kaynak: Kazak Handygy d䶩rindegi 䤥biet -Muhtar Magavin

Alpamish Batur Ciri www.aton.ttu.edu sayfasinda bulabilir ve bilgisayariniza indirebilirsiniz. ahmet turkoz
 
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