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Date Formed:
Unknown number of members
Religious, Nationalist/Separatist
Last Attack:
Jan. 5, 2007
Financial Sources:

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Salamat, Hashim
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Jemaah Islamiya (JI) • Ally (Suspected)
Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) • Founding Group
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MILF Terrorists with Weapons
Masked MILF Members
MILF Members in Armed Boats
Armed MILF Members in Canoe
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US Terrorist Exclusion List Designee: No
UK Proscribed Group: No
Australia Specified Group: No
Canada Specified Group: No
EU Specified Group: No
Russia Specified Group: No
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The US State Department has designated groups into three different classifications. Click on one of the following to learn more about each group and to access their group profiles.

Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)

Terrorist Exclusion List (TEL)

Other Terrorist Organizations (OTO)

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image Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)

Base of Operation: Philippines

Founding Philosophy: The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is a splinter of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Following a failed 1977 accord between MNLF and the Philippine government, MNLF's second-in-command broke away from the group. Hashim Salamat then created the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. MILF did not stray far from the philosophical foundations of their founding group.

Publicly, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front demanded a fully independent Muslim state in the southern Philippines. Purportedly in advance of this goal, MILF continued their terrorist attacks throughout the 1980s and 1990s. However by the late 1990s, the MILF had begun negotiations for simply an autonomous Muslim region. By 1997, MILF had begun negotiations with the Philippine government. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the Philippine president Gloria Arroyo signed a peace agreement in June 2001.

Current Goals: Terrorist attacks were claimed under the name Moro Islamic Liberation Front, even after the June 2001 peace agreement. However, relations between MILF and the Philippine government have substantially improved since 2001. On December 22, 2004, the two announced that they had formed a joint organization to clear the southern Philippines of criminal elements and operatives of two terrorist organizations, the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and Jemaah Islamiyah (JI). This development is a clear indication that the peace agreement between MILF and the Philippine government is currently being respected.

Another round of peace negotiations between the MILF and the government of the Philippines to discuss ending the Muslim insurgency began in mid-April 2005 in Malaysia. Issues to be discussed include “ancestral domain” and the natural resources present in rebel-held areas. The MILF, which has now renounced terrorism, continues to deny accusations by the Philippine military that it is sheltering members of Jemmah Islamiyah (JI).

  resources header

Further Reference
Terrorism: assassins to zealots/ Sean Kendall Anderson, Stephen Sloan, Sean Kendall Anderson and Stephen Sloan, 01/01/2003, The Scarecrow Press, Inc., (Lanham, Maryland)
Encyclopedia of terrorism/ Harvey W. Kushner , Harvey W. Kushner, c2003., Sage Publications, (Thousand Oaks, Calif.)
"Philippine Government, Muslim Rebels Open Peace Talks," 04/18/2005, AP, (Port Dickson, Malaysia)
Encyclopedia of world terrorism , 2003, M.E. Sharpe, (Armonk, NY)

Related Categories
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Ideology > Nationalist/Separatist
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Location > Southeast Asia & Oceania > Philippines
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Ideology > Religious
Knowledge Base Directory > Groups > Location > Southeast Asia & Oceania

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TKB Data Status
Incident data: Last updated on Nov. 28, 2007
Indictment data: Last updated on July 1, 2007

  Data is subject to revision as events and additional information warrant.
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1968 - Present
Incidents Injuries Fatalities
33 319 108
Government 9%
Unknown 3%
Private Citizens & Property 33%
Airports & Airlines 9%
Business 15%
Journalists & Media 9%
Educational Institutions 3%
Other 6%
Religious Figures/Institutions 9%
Transportation 3%
Data for 1968-1997 covers only international incidents.
Data for 1998-Present covers both domestic and international incidents.

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked Business target (Jan. 5, 2007, Philippines)

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked Private Citizens & Property target (Nov. 2, 2006, Philippines)

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked Unknown target (Aug. 28, 2006, Philippines)

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked Government target (Mar. 27, 2006, Philippines)

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked Other target (Jan. 27, 2005, Philippines)




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