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An Inventory of Their Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society

Access to or use of this collection is currently restricted.
For Details, see the Restriction Statement


Creator:Walker, T. B. (Thomas Barlow), 1840-1928.
Title:T. B. Walker and Family Papers.
Abstract:Personal papers and business records of a Minnesota lumber magnate and art collector, and of his descendants. Includes records of the Red River Lumber Company, a family-owned corporation that operated in both Minnesota and California. There are records of a variety of Walker's companies, business partnerships, and his art collection and gallery, as well as papers and business records of his children and grandchildren.
Quantity:308.0 cu. ft. (276 boxes, 49 oversize folders, 33 unboxed volumes, and 1 map tube); and 8 microfilm reels.
Location:See Detailed Description section for shelf location.

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T. B. Walker

Thomas Barlow Walker (1840-1928) was born at Xenia, Ohio, to Platt Bayless Walker (1808-1849) and Anstis Keziah Barlow Walker (1814-1883). His father died in 1849 at Westport, Missouri, while on the way to the California gold fields in search of fortune. His mother married Xenia widower Oliver Barnes (ca. 1800-1868) in 1854. The household included four other children: Oliver W. Barnes; Platt Bayless Walker II (1832?-1906), founder of the Mississippi Valley Lumberman magazine; Adelaide B. Walker (d. 1929); and Helen M. Walker (1842-1876?).

The family moved to Berea, Ohio (thirteen miles west of Cleveland) in 1855, where T. B. and his sister Helen attended Baldwin University, a Methodist-affiliated institution. In 1862 T. B. came to St. Paul with a load of grindstones to sell, where he made acquaintance with young James J. Hill, then a clerk on the wharf. Later that same year in Minneapolis Walker was able to secure a job as a chainman for surveyor George B. Wright, who was beginning a survey of a large tract of federally owned land. When this survey was completed, Wright conducted a survey for the St. Paul & Duluth Railroad. Employment with Wright was a fortunate move for Walker, as his work acquainted him with the locations of choice pine tracts in northern Minnesota--tracts which he later purchased as the basis for his fortune in the lumber business.

T. B. Walker was involved in several lumber business partnerships. He joined with Dr. Levi Butler and Howard W. Mills in Butler, Mills & Walker (1867-1869?), which originally was formed to purchase pine lands and sell stumpage, but which also became involved in the manufacture of lumber. Butler & Walker was established in 1869; was succeeded by L. Butler & Company (including O. C. Merriman, James W. Lane, Leon Lane, Butler, and Walker), which dissolved in 1871; and in turn was succeeded by a reestablished Butler & Walker (1871-1872).

Walker and George A. Camp established the Camp & Walker partnership in 1877, and that same year purchased the Pacific Mill in Minneapolis. (Its site was excavated by MHS archaeologists in 1986.) In 1887 the partnership was amicably dissolved.

Walker and Healy C. Akeley informally began their Walker & Akeley partnership in 1887; a formal partnership contract was drawn up in 1892. Akeley died in 1912. Three years later a nine-year lawsuit was begun by T. B. Walker against the Akeley heirs for an accounting and settlement of partnership affairs.

The Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) was organized in 1883 and incorporated in 1884. It built and operated lumber mills at Crookston, Minnesota (1883-1897) and at Grand Forks, Dakota Territory (1885-1888). During the 1890s, T. B. developed the town of Akeley, Minnesota, named for his business partner, and built a new mill there. The first log was sawed at the Akeley mill in 1899; the last in 1915.

T. B. Walker began exploring the California forests in 1889; he began his acquisition of northeastern California timberlands in 1894. Walker's California holdings eventually totaled a reported 900,000 acres. The Walker owned company town known as Westwood, California, was constructed in 1912-1913. The RRLC cut its first tree in California on September 10, 1912; its first California lumber was milled on October 1 of that same year. The construction of Westwood and its mill was more or less concurrent with T. B.'s retirement from active management of the RRLC and his relinquishment of control of the business to his sons--with whom he did not always see eye to eye (nor did they always see eye to eye with each other) in the management of the business.

T. B. Walker married Harriet Granger Hulet (1841-1917) on December 19, 1863. They had eight children: Gilbert M. (1864-1928), Julia A. (1865?-1952?), Leon B. (1868-1887), Harriet (1870-1904), Fletcher L. (1872-1962), Willis J. (1873-1943), Clinton L. (1875-1944), and Archie D. (1882-1971) Walker. Harriet died in New York in 1917, while accompanying her husband on a business trip.

T. B. built his first house in Minneapolis proper in 1870, at Ninth Street and Marquette Avenue. In 1874 he constructed his first mansion, at 803 Hennepin Avenue; the house stood some forty years until it was demolished to make way for the State Theatre/Walker Building complex. In 1915 Walker purchased the Thomas Lowry house, at #2 Groveland Terrace. This house, which was located adjacent to the present Walker Art Center/Guthrie Theatre complex, was demolished around 1932; an office building for the North American Life Insurance Company was later constructed on the site.

Walker began collecting paintings in about 1874. In 1879 he began to admit the public into his house to view his growing art collection. Walker built at least four additions to the house at 803 Hennepin in order to house and display his collection of art objects. By 1915 his gallery reportedly consisted of 14 rooms, and was visited by about 100,000 people annually. In 1926 Walker completed a new gallery building on the site of the present Walker Art Center; this building was opened to the public in 1927. The 1926 gallery building stood until the late 1960s, when it was demolished and the present structure erected. Walker Galleries, Inc. was incorporated in 1924. The T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc., was incorporated in 1925 to own and manage the collection and gallery after the city of Minneapolis refused to accept the collection as a gift.

Some of T. B.'s other business involvements and ventures included the Crookston Boom and Water Power Company, the International Lumber Company (Minneapolis), the Metropolitan Trust Company (Minneapolis), the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company, the Minneapolis Land & Investment Company, the Minnesota and Dakota Elevator Company (Minneapolis), the National Lumber Convention (Washington, D.C.), the Northern Minnesota Log Driving & Boom Company, the Northwestern Elevator Company (Minneapolis), Pacific Investment Company, and the Waland Lumber Company Walker served as president of the Flour City National Bank (Minneapolis) from 1887 to 1894. He was a president of the Minneapolis Business Union, and was involved in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco (1915).

Walker was also a trustee of the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (Minneapolis), a member of the Executive Committee of the Methodist Episcopal General Conference (Minneapolis), and a president of the Minneapolis Methodist Church Extension Society. He was a member of the executive committee of the See America League, a president of Walker Galleries, Inc., president of the library board of the City of Minneapolis from 1885 to 1928, a president and a trustee of the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts, president of the Minnesota Academy of Natural Sciences and its successor, the Minnesota Academy of Science, and a trustee of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) of the City of Minneapolis.

T. B. Walker died at his home in Minneapolis on July 28, 1928. He is buried at Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis.

Harriet G. Walker

Harriet Granger Hulet Walker (1841-1917) was born in Brunswick, Ohio, on September 10, 1841. She was the daughter of Fletcher Hulet (1803-1882). Siblings included Clara S. Hulet Wheeler, Gilbert Hulet (ca. 1836-1854), Margaret Hulet, Marshal F. Hulet (ca. 1846-ca. 1927), and Martha W. Hulet Lyon. The family moved to Berea, Ohio, ca. 1847. Harriet attended Baldwin University, a Methodist-affiliated institution located at Berea. She married T. B. Walker on November 10, 1863. The Walkers had eight children: Gilbert, Julia, Leon, Harriet, Fletcher, Willis, Clinton, and Archie. Harriet died in New York on January 13, 1917, while accompanying her husband on a business trip there.

Harriet was president of Northwestern Hospital, originally a Minneapolis hospital for women and children, from 1862 until 1917. (Northwestern Hospital merged with Abbott Hospital in January 1970; Abbott-Northwestern Hospital Records are held by MHS as a seperate collection). She was associated with the Bethany Home Association, a Minneapolis home for unwed mothers and their childer, from 1874 until her death; for several years she was its president. The Bethany Home was succeeded by the Walker Methodist [nursing] Home, ca. 1945. Some of Mrs. Walker's other involvements included the Women's Council of the City of Minneapolis, the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (Minneapolis), the Nonpartisan National Women's Christian Temprence Union, and the Minneapolis Association Opposed to the Further Extension of Suffrage to Women.

Gilbert M. Walker

Gilbert Marshal Walker (1864-1928) was the first child of T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. He served as vice president of the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) from around 1887 until his death in 1928, making his home in Minneapolis. Information in the papers suggests that Gilbert suffered a nervous breakdown in 1899, and that he was subsequently relatively uninvolved in Red River affairs until 1914 or later. Like his father, he seems to have advocated caution and moderation, particularly as his brothers Willis and Fletcher sought to expand the company's California operations. Gilbert died five months after his father, on December 28, 1928.

Gilbert married Susan M. ("Suzie") Rogers (ca. 1866-1951) in 1887. She was born in Carlinville, Illinois to Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Rogers, came with her family to Minnesota, and attended Hamline University until her marriage to Gilbert. Gilbert and Susan had no children. Susan was survived by a sister Martha Rogers (Mrs. Jesse W.) Shuman; a nephew, John Rogers Shuman; and a niece, Susan Mary Shuman (Mrs. Richardson B.) Okie.

Julia Anstis Walker Smith

Julia Anstis Walker Smith (ca. 1865-ca. 1951) was the second child and the eldest daughter of T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. She married Ernest Frederick Smith (d. 1936) in 1895. Julia became president of the Bethany Home Association (Minneapolis) in 1917 after the death of her mother. She served for many years as a director of the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC), although she apparently took little or no active part in its business affairs or in formulating its policies. Julia was also a member of the Walker Associates family partnership; treasurer of the Pacific Investment Company (ca. 1935); and secretary, treasurer, and a trustee of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc.

Family memorabilia in the collection indicate that Ernest F. Smith was a son of Dietrich C. (d. 1914) and Caroline ("Carrie") Pieper Smith (1844-1923), natives of Pekin, Illinois; he was also a brother of Arthur Pieper Smith (d. 1952), a Minneapolis dealer in mortgages and insurance. Ernest was a partner with L. W. Zimmer in Smith & Zimmer, Minneapolis manufacturers and jobbers of farm implements, buggies, and bicycles, ca. 1893-1900. He served as president of the Hennepin Lumber Company (Minneapolis), ca. 1905-ca.1919; president of the Lincoln Trust and Savings Bank (Minneapolis), ca. 1920; vice president of the Lincoln National Bank (Minneapolis), ca. 1922; president of the Lumbermens Finance Corporation, ca. 1923-ca. 1927; treasurer of the Arthur P. Smith Company, Minneapolis dealers in insurance and mortgages, ca. 1924-ca. 1925; president of Smith & Son Company, a Minneapolis real estate holding company, ca. 1935; and president of Smith & Sons Investment Company and its predecessor organizations, ca. 1926-ca. 1935.

Ernest and Julia had four children; Walker (b. 1896), Dana C. (b. 1898), Hulet P. (b. 1900), and Justin V. Smith (1903-1979). The family moved from Minneapolis to Pasadena, California around 1926. The Smith sons took an active role in RRLC affairs, in addition to carrying on the business of Smith & Sons Investment Company.

Harriet Walker Holman

Harriet Hulet Walker (1870-1904), also referred to as "Hattie" and as "Harriet Jr.," was the fourth child born to T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. She married Frederick ("Fred") Opal Holman (1857-1897), pastor of the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (Minneapolis), in 1893. Holman left the active ministry in 1894 because of failing health, and he and Harriet, who evidently was also in poor health, spent the next several years travelling in the Southwest in a horse-drawn wagon and camping out in a tent in an effort to alleviate their suffering. Fred Holman died in 1897, apparently of tuberculosis. Harriet spent the final two or three years of her life at Pasadena, California, where she died of "heart trouble" in 1904. The Holmans had no children.

Fletcher L. Walker

Fletcher Loren Walker (1872-1962) was the fifth child of T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. He became treasurer of the RRLC in 1898, and its vice president and treasurer ca. 1930. He supervised the mill at Akeley, (ca. 1899-ca. 1915. (Hanft, p. 36), and seems to have spent a good deal of his time there in the early 1900s. He was the Walker family representative on location in Westwood, which became his home beginning in 1912; he was there when the town was platted, the houses located, the mill constructed, and the first logs cut. Described in 1933 by [Jack Clayton?] as "a mechanical inventive genius" (RRLC Subject Files: Winton), Fletcher continually advocated expansion and modernization of the operation, manufacturing and product line diversification, the investment of more money in the plant, and the purchase of additional equipment and machinery-- frequently in the face of objections from the Minneapolis office. Fletcher resigned as vice president, treasurer, and director of the RRLC in 1950.

Fletcher was married to Eveline Van Winkle Sammis (1871?-1964). They had four sons: Theodore S. (b. 1901), Fletcher Jr. ("Cub," d. 1929), Kenneth R. (b. 1906), and Norman B. Walker.

Willis J. Walker

Willis J. Walker (1873-1943) was the fourth son of T. B. Walker. He was directly responsible for the Walkers' Minnesota logging operations during the time they were centered in Akeley (ca. 1899-ca. 1915). (Hanft, p. 36.) He also served as cashier of the RRLC prior to his years as a vice president (ca. 1915-ca. 1929) and president (ca. 1929-1933). A management shake-up precipitated by the Walkers' Minneapolis and San Francisco bankers resulted in Willis' replacement as president by his brother Archie, he being named instead vice president and chairman of the board of directors (1933-1943). Willis lived in Minneapolis until about 1915, when he relocated in San Francisco and headed the company's office there.

Willis was vice president of the Barlow Realty Company (ca. 1936), and was involved in some of the other family-owned Minneapolis property management businesses, including the Pacific Investment Company and the Walker-Burton Company He was also involved in the Four Walkers and the Walker Associates family partnerships; the Federal Lumber Company, the International Lumber Company (Minneapolis), the Waland Lumber Company, and the Walker Hovey Lumber Company; the Canby Railroad Company (owned by the Waland and Walker-Hovey companies); the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company (St. Louis Park, Minnesota), the Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company (St. Louis Park), and the Thompson Wagon Company; the Minneapolis Land and Investment Company; the Hennepin Paper Company; the Lassen Electric Company (Susanville, California); the Minneapolis Central City Market Company; the Northeastern Ry. Company (Minneapolis), the Northern California Railroad Company, and the Piute Railroad; the Sugar Pine Sales Company; and the Westwood National Bank. Willis was also a trustee of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc. (Minneapolis).

Willis married Alma Brooks (1875-1981), a sister of Della Brooks (Mrs. Clinton L. Walker), in 1897. They had one child, Leon Brooks Walker (1899-1965).

Clinton L. Walker

Clinton Lee Walker (1876-1944) was the fifth son of T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. He graduated in 1898 from the School of Mines at the University of Minnesota. He worked from 1898 to 1913 for T. B. and the RRLC in northern California, where he was involved in topographical and railroad surveys, timber estimating, mapping, ranching, ditch surveying and construction, the search for a site for the sawmill and town that would eventually become Westwood, and sawmill drafting. For one season (ca. 1912-1913) he was resident manager at Westwood during the construction and early operation of the new mill and town.

In 1913 a disgruntled Clinton severed his official ties with the RRLC and struck out in pursuit of other interests, principally the invention of automotive parts and accessories. Around 1915 he formed a partnership with Edward J. Pennypacker, another inventor, in the Pennypacker Company, based in San Francisco; Clinton was president, Pennypacker was general manager. In 1917 Clinton applied to join the Engineer Officers' Reserve Corps of the U.S. Army. He served also at this time as "special negotiator" for the Great Western Power Company, San Francisco. He invested in land of his own, and later (ca. 1928) in motion picture making. After 1913, Clinton occasionally did work for his father and for the RRLC on a job-by-job basis, although he seems to have devoted most of his time to his inventions.

By 1930, Clinton and his son Brooks were working together as "Automotive and Aviation Development Engineers," with laboratories and an office at Clinton's home at Piedmont (near Oakland), California. By this time Clinton had also rejoined the RRLC as a vice president ("2nd vice president" until 1933, "vice president" afterwards), which post he evidently held until his death in 1944.

Clinton was a bit of a maverick, and frequently found himself in conflict with his father (whom he claimed favored his brothers over himself) and with his brothers, particularly Willis. Resentment, suspicion, and jealousy between T. B.'s sons, particularly between Willis and Clinton, is evident throughout both this section and the others. The continual bickering and infighting came to bear significantly upon the sons' careers and upon RRLC affairs.

Clinton was married (ca. 1901) to Della Brooks, a sister of Alma (Mrs. Willis J.) Walker. They had three children: son Brooks Walker (1902-1984), and daughters Harriet E. Walker Henderson (1904-) and Alma Virginia Walker Hearst McKeever (1908-). Della later married James Van Löben Sels.

Archie D. Walker

Archie Dean Walker (1882-1971) was the youngest and longest-surviving child of T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. He graduated from Minneapolis Central High School in 1901. He began his higher education at the University of Minnesota's College of Engineering, but by 1904 had transferred to Cornell University. He served as Minneapolis-based secretary of the Red River Lumber Company from 1908 until July, 1933, when he replaced his brother Willis as company president in a management shake-up to appease the Walkers' banker/creditors. Archie served as president until at least 1956, through the company's sale of Westwood and liquidation of its other assets.

Archie was president of the Barlow Realty Company from the 1930s until the 1960s, and was also involved in other of the family's Minneapolis property-management businesses, including the Industrial Investment Company, the Pacific Investment Company, the Penwalk Investment Company, the Walker-Pence Company and its subsidiaries, and the Walker-Burton Company He was also involved in the Four Walkers, the Walker Associates, and the Walker Brothers family partnerships; the Foote Lumber and Coal Company (Minneapolis), the Globe Lumber Company, the Waland Lumber Company, and the Hennepin Paper Company; the Lincoln National Bank and the Lincoln Trust and Savings Bank (both Minneapolis); the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, the Minneapolis Land and Investment Company, the Minneapolis, Northfield & Southern Railway Company, the Northwest Warehousing Company, the Superior Land Company, the Kicherer Motor Company, the Lake Hassel Gun Club, Inc., the Northome Improvement Association, and Northome Private Roads, Inc.

Archie's Minneapolis civic involvements included membership in the Minneapolis Civic and Commerce Association and the Hennepin Avenue Improvement Association; president of the city library board; chairman of the board of trustees of Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (1955-1958); president of the Walker Methodist Home; and trustee and president of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc. (from 1929). He and his wife established the Archie D. and Bertha H. Walker Foundation.

Archie married Bertha Willard Hudson (1882-1973), a daughter of Minneapolis jeweler Josiah Bell Hudson, on June 7, 1906. Archie and Bertha had six children: Hudson D. (1907-1976), Louise (b. 1915), Phillip H. (1917-1969), Stephen A. (b. 1910), Walter W. (b. 1911), and Archie D. Walker, Jr. (b. 1920).

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Clara W. Nelson, a Minneapolis schoolteacher and free-lance writer, labored for nearly forty years in an attempt to write A Lifetime Burning, a biography of Thomas Barlow Walker. Nelson began work on the project in 1943 under a Regional Fellowship from the University of Minnesota; a tentative completion date was originally set for September 1, 1945. The first twenty-three of a projected fifty chapters were in relatively final form by 1950; Nelson continued work on additional chapters until her death in 1974. Maureen Koelsch was later hired by Walker's granddaughter, Louise W. McCannel, to edit and to bring together the various pieces of Nelson's unfinished work, and to combine these with the first twenty-three chapters (which she also edited) into an essentially complete manuscript, basically in accordance with Nelson's organizational outlines. The fifty-two chapter Nelson-Koelsch manuscript was completed in 1986.

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Red River Lumber Company

The Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) was organized in 1883 and incorporated in 1884. Incorporators included T. B. Walker, Simcoe Chapman, Andrew B. Robbins, Watson S. Taylor, and Edwin C. Whitney. Lumber mills were constructed at Crookston, Minnesota in 1883, and at Grand Forks, Dakota Territory in 1885. The Grand Forks mill was completely destroyed by fire on August 16, 1888; it was not rebuilt. The mill at Crookston was sold in 1897 to the Thomas H. Shevlin interests, who, as the Crookston Lumber Company, continued to operate the plant for several more years.

By 1892 T. B. Walker was developing the new town of Akeley, Minnesota, in Hubbard County, as a location for a future sawmill. Walker named the town for his business partner, Healy C. Akeley. The first log was sawed at the company's Akeley mill in 1899. The mill burned on November 22, 1909; it was subsequently rebuilt, and was operated until 1915.

T. B. began acquiring northeastern California timber land in 1894. Family land holdings in that state eventually totaled a reported 900,000 acres in Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Shasta, Siskiyou, and Tehama counties. The RRLC began construction of its company town--Westwood--and its lumber mill at the "Mountain Meadows" site in southwestern Lassen County in 1912. The company cut its first California tree on September 10, 1912; the first California lumber was milled a few weeks later on October 1. The construction of the Westwood mill was more or less complete by 1918. By this time T. B. had relinquished much of his control of company management to his sons Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis, and Archie, and he seems to have become increasingly frustrated with his inability to completely control the business himself.

T. B.'s son Clinton left the company in 1913, although he rejoined it in the 1930s. T. B. died on July 28, 1928; and Gilbert died five months later, on December 28, 1928. This left the active management of RRLC affairs in the hands of Willis (San Francisco), who succeeded his father as president of the firm; Fletcher (Westwood); and Archie (Minneapolis).

By the early 1930s the RRLC found itself in dire financial straits; in particular, it was unable to redeem bonds which it had earlier sold and which were then coming due. Barlow Realty Company was organized in December, 1932, for the purpose of acquiring and managing all of the real estate owned by the RRLC in the city of Minneapolis. This was probably done at the insistence of the family's Minneapolis bankers. The family was able to thwart a 1933 effort led by Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis president Edward W. Decker to install his son-in-law, David J. Winton, as manager or president of the RRLC. Instead, the Walkers managed to get Archie installed as its president, replacing Willis, whose ouster was apparently demanded by the Minneapolis banker/creditors. Later that same year, the company had to ask its bondholders to grant time extensions on bonds then coming due.

A chapter of the Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen (4-Ls), a trade organization headquartered in Portland, Oregon, was established at Westwood in 1933. Its newsletters characterized it as "an industry organization of employes[sic] and employers of the West Coast and Western Pine Divisions of the logging and lumber manufacturing industry promoting common interests." Around 1935, it was succeeded by the Industrial Employees Union, Inc. (IEU). In 1937, a majority of workers voted to replace the IEU with the CIO-affiliated International Woodworkers of America (IWA), which the RRLC refused to recognize. A March, 1938, election sponsored by the National Labor Relations Board certified the IEU over the IWA as the workers' legal bargaining agent. Several episodes of strife between the two rival unions followed, most notably in July, 1938, when the company enacted a 17.5% wage cut, conducted a lockout at the Westwood plant, and carried out or supported the expulsion of IWA organizers and sympathizers from the town. The RRLC then invited the Lumber and Sawmill Workers, an established union affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, to organize its workers as Local 2836. Early in 1939, Local 2836 called another strike and the company restored half of the 1938 wage cut. Finally, in May 1941, Local 2836 was certified as legal bargaining agent for Westwood workers in another NLRB-sponsored election. (Hanft, pp. 234-239.)

Willis Walker died in 1943, Clinton Walker in 1944. Perhaps in part because of these occurrences, the decision was taken to liquidate the RRLC. Westwood was sold to the Fruit Growers Supply Company, a subsidiary of the California Fruit Growers Exchange of Los Angeles, in a deal consummated in December, 1944. Besides the mill and the company-owned town, the transaction included about 11,000 acres of timber land in the Light's Creek Tract (Plumas County), and about 85,000 acres of the Burney Tract (Shasta County). The purchase price totaled more than $11 million. Fruit Growers operated the Westwood mill until 1956, when it was closed down and both it and the town sold. The mill burned to the ground on November 8, 1956.

Unsold cutover lands in Minnesota were deeded to the Barlow Realty Company in the 1940s. California timber lands standing in the company's name were distributed to its stockholders (family members and a few key employees) over the years, beginning in 1941. Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO), a Walker family cooperative corporation, was created to manage the lands on behalf of the stockholders, and to carry out any liquidation of the stockholders' or their agents' assets, particularly timber cutting. [See SHAFCO Records, for more information on the stockholder agencies.] SHAFCO did not manufacture lumber. Liquidation of the RRLC continued into the 1950s.

Besides the mills at Crookston, Grand Forks, Akeley, and Westwood, the RRLC operated several smaller mills in northern Minnesota and in northeastern California. Smaller California mills included operations at Bella Vista (Shasta County) and at Susanville. At various times there were sales offices at Minneapolis, San Francisco, Oakland, Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York City. Distributing yards were located at Minneapolis, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Reno, Nevada. Although the RRLC was primarily a lumber manufacturer and wholesaler, there were some retail sales in the Twin Cities through the Foote Lumber and Coal Company, a RRLC subsidiary that operated retail yards in both Minneapolis and St. Paul.

Presidents of the RRLC were T. B. Walker (1884?-1928), Willis J. Walker (1928?-1933), and Archie D. Walker (1933-ca. 1956). Vice presidents included Gilbert M. Walker (1887-1928), Willis J. Walker (1913-1928?), Clinton L. Walker (1930?-1944?), Fletcher L. Walker (1930?-1950), and Theodore S. Walker (from 1936). Secretaries included Watson S. Taylor (1884-1894), Charles B. March (1894-1908), Archie D. Walker (1908-1933), and Kenneth R. Walker (1933-1950). Watson S. Taylor was secretary-treasurer from 1884 to 1894, and Fletcher served as treasurer from 1898 until 1950. Willis served as chairman and vice president from the time of his 1933 ouster from the company presidency until his death in 1943. The above dates were taken primarily from company letterheads, and some are approximations.

Walker & Akeley Partnership

T. B. Walker and Healy Cady Akeley (1836-1912), a Michigan lawyer and lumberman, first met in 1886 at Minneapolis when T. B. dissuaded Akeley from building a sawmill on the Mississippi River at St. Cloud, Minnesota. Instead, they began an informal business partnership to cut and sell logs. In March, 1887, the men contracted to buy timber lands in northern Minnesota on joint account, Akeley furnishing the capital and Walker paying 5% interest on the money advanced in his behalf. In August, 1887, Walker and Akeley entered into a new contract under which Akeley bought a half interest in a long list of Walker and Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) lands.

In 1892 the men drew up a formal partnership contract. T. B. Walker managed and administered partnership affairs out of the RRLC office at Minneapolis, apparently with the complete confidence of Akeley, who meanwhile occupied himself with his H. C. Akeley and Itasca lumber companies. Clara Nelson states that Walker & Akeley partnership lands evidently averaged about 200,000 acres; in time T. B. came to own a 45/64 interest in these lands, Akeley a 19/64 interest. Akeley eventually retired from active business and moved to California.

Akeley died at Minneapolis in 1912 while on a visit there. He was survived by his widow Clara (after remarriage, Clara Rood Smith) and one daughter, Florence Akeley Quirk (later Florence Akeley Patterson, following her divorce from Quirk). Walker spent the next three years trying to settle partnership affairs with the daughter, who was also the administratrix of her father's estate. Failing to get a settlement, he sued for an accounting in October, 1915, in the district court of Beltrami County, Minnesota. Walker claimed that there was money due him from the partnership, asked to have the amount determined, and asked the court to order a sale of partnership lands to satisfy the amount that should be found due. Mrs. Quirk filed an answer, asserting similar claims against Walker. The Walker interests were represented by Minneapolis attorneys John R. Ware and C. J. Rockwood; the Akeley heirs by Minneapolis attorney Hugh V. Mercer.

The case was tried before Judge W. S. McClenahan. He heard part of the testimony and sent the case to referees to hear evidence. Nearly 6000 pages of typewritten oral evidence were taken and about 1500 exhibits were introduced. The bulk of the evidence was finished in 1921, four years after the suit was commenced; further evidence was taken in August, 1922, and a small amount of evidence at a still later time. McClenahan filed his findings on May 1, 1924, sustaining Walker's position in nearly every particular. The RRLC was brought into the action as an intervenor, and its extensive business transactions with the partnership were examined and its rights adjudicated. One large claim was allowed against the intervenor in favor of the partnership, but in general the plaintiff and intervenor prevailed in the action. A motion for a new trial was heard November 1, 1924; the court issued an order in December, 1924, denying the new trial. Judgment in the case was entered April 5, 1925. Florence Akeley Patterson filed two appeals, one from the order denying a new trial, and one from the judgment; she lost both appeals, which were argued before the Minnesota Supreme Court in December, 1925 (see Supreme Court case file 24779, in the State Archives).

The assets remaining at the time judgment was entered consisted of unsold cutover timber lands in Hubbard, Beltrami, and adjacent counties, and the unpaid balances on partnership lands sold.

Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO)

Beginning in 1941 the RRLC and the Waland Lumber Company from time to time distributed timber lands to their stockholders (mainly family members). Each stockholder then held an undivided interest in these properties and, in order to liquidate his or her interest, disposed of them either independently or through an agent. The agents and principals in turn entered into agreements with SHAFCO whereby the company provided personnel, equipment, and supplies to carry on the liquidating operations and charged for these services at cost.

At the time of its creation, SHAFCO maintained a staff of about 40, including many former RRLC employees. The company consisted of four divisions: accounting, land, forestry, and surveys, under the direction of a general manager, who in turn reported to the company's officers. The Walkers, through SHAFCO and its successor, Red River Forests, continued for many years to manage much of their California timber land as a perpetual forest investment, practicing selective cutting, tree farming, and other conservation measures.

Dr. John E. Andrus (1841-1934) was a wealthy New York investor who subscribed to several hundred shares of the Waland Lumber Company. This company, a Minnesota corporation, was originally organized (ca. 1905) to construct a mill (never built) in a tract of timber in Shasta County, California. In 1911, T. B. and Harriet Walker and the RRLC deeded lands in Shasta, Siskiyou, Modoc, Lassen, and Plumas counties to the Waland in exchange for stock. It was largely a timberland holding company until 1926, when it began large-scale timber sales. Andrus' heirs and trustees continued to have an interest in several of the Walker family agency lands into the 1940s or later. There is information about the Andrus lands in the SHAFCO files.

Minneapolis Central City Market Company

The Minneapolis Central City Market Company was incorporated in 1891 by T. B. Walker, Harlow A. Gale, Gilbert M. Walker, Henry E. Von Wedelstaedt, and George A. Camp. Gale, operator of a retail farmers' market in downtown Minneapolis from 1876 to 1891, apparently persuaded Walker and Camp to donate the land for and finance the construction of a new, larger market building covering the entire city block bounded by Sixth and Seventh streets, and Second and Third avenues north. The new market building, which accommodated 300 gardeners and included several wholesale stores and retail booths, was opened in 1892; Gale retained an interest in the business and remained as manager. In 1894 this building was destroyed by fire. Camp died shortly thereafter, and the Walker interests built a new market building in the spring of 1895.

Originally intended as a retail farmers' market, the operation rapidly evolved instead into a wholesale market, grocers being the vendors' principal customers. The city initially provided tax exemption and free city water to the property, while ostensibly retaining rights of management and control over the market.

Walker and his associates were granted a 25-year franchise (from July 1, 1892) to operate their market, apparently a virtual monopoly of the farmers' market business in downtown Minneapolis. As the expiration date drew near, Alderman C. F. Dight and his aides mounted a challenge to Walker's market monopoly, calling for the establishment of curb markets in different parts of the city and for the creation of a central, municipally-owned and -operated food department store. (See the C. F. Dight Papers, also at MHS, for additional information.)

The Minneapolis Central City Market Company was dissolved as of October 30, 1937; its employees were absorbed into the Barlow Realty Company. There is additional information about the Market Company in Barlow Realty Company Records.

The Minneapolis Land & Investment Company

The Minneapolis Land & Investment Company (ML & IC) was incorporated on July 16, 1890, by T. B. Walker, C. G. Goodrich, L. F. Menage, H. F. Brown, Thomas Lowry, R. C. Haywood, G. G. Boshart, A. M. Allen, and George H. Christian; the same men also comprised the first board of directors. Walker was named president, Allen secretary, and Goodrich treasurer.

Development at St. Louis Park came to a standstill with the Panic of 1893. Many of the community's major businesses (in which Walker was a substantial investor) failed, and with those failures, many families left. At about the same time, Menage's Northwestern Guaranty Loan Company (Minneapolis) also failed, and Menage fled to South America. The Walkers apparently gained control of several of the failed St. Louis Park businesses in which they had invested, including the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company, the Thompson Wagon Company, the Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company, and the Minneapolis Malleable Iron Company (See T. B. Walker Papers for information about Esterly; and see Gilbert M. Walker Papers for Jarless and Thompson). In about 1917 all of ML & IC's assets were sold to the Pacific Investment Company, which in time became a subsidiary of the Barlow Realty Company. By 1948 practically all of the St. Louis Park lots owned by the Walkers had been sold or forfeited for taxes.

Barlow Realty Company

Barlow Realty Company was organized in December, 1932, for the stated purpose of acquiring and administering all of the real estate owned by the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) in the city of Minneapolis, probably at the insistence of the Walkers' Minneapolis bankers.

Barlow eventually came to assume many of the functions of a holding company, overseeing most of the family's surviving Minneapolis-based corporations and partnerships, particularly after the liquidation of the RRLC in the late 1940s. It became a sort of umbrella organization into which many family interests gravitated over the years, including cutover Minnesota lands and unsold real estate at St. Louis Park, Minnesota. The company's records include files related to virtually every one of the Walker family corporations and partnerships.

Barlow Realty Company was dissolved effective August 31, 1988. It was succeeded on September 1, 1988, by an entity known as Barlow Associates.

Minnesota Timberlands

T. B. Walker apparently began his acquisition of Minnesota timberlands around 1870. Title was obtained in various ways, including the use of Chippewa scrip and soldiers scrip; land patents; and applications to enter public lands under the Treaty of February 22, 1855, with the Chippewa of the Mississippi (10 Stat. 1165). T. B. also purchased all of the timber owned by the estate of Levi Butler. Francis M. Campbell apparently was instrumental in carrying out much of the field work necessary to T. B.'s land acquisition program, such as getting deeds signed and acquiring scrip certificates. Walker was represented by Henry Beard, a Washington, D.C. attorney and land solicitor, as well as by the Washington, D.C. law firm of Curtis & Burdett, who specialized in land and mining cases.

Jens J. Opsahl, a Bemidji, Minnesota realtor, began selling cutover Minnesota land for the Walkers around 1900, continuing to do so for several decades thereafter.

At one time some of the lands in Minnesota actually belonging to the Red River Lumber Company were kept in the names of some of the Walkers as individuals. The records suggest that these lands were later quit-claimed by Gilbert, Willis, Archie, and possibly Fletcher to the RRLC, which eventually quit-claimed them to Barlow. Cutover lands initially belonging to T. B. Walker were also eventually deeded to Barlow. The RRLC had apparently let much of its Minnesota cutover lands go tax delinquent, except those with minerals or lakeshore. Family members later made attempts to redeem some of those lands.

Urban Real Estate

Three key constituent and subsidiary real estate holding companies involved in the management of Barlow's Minneapolis properties--the Pacific Investment Company, the Penwalk Investment Company, and the Walker-Pence Company (originally called the Industrial Investment Company)--actually had their beginnings several years prior to Barlow's organization in 1932.

The Pacific Investment Company was incorporated in February, 1917, by Trafford N. Jayne, Edward A. Chalgren, and H. M. Samuels; a few days later the incorporators sold their interest in Pacific to T. B., Willis, Gilbert, and Archie Walker and Julia Walker Smith. The company was apparently dissolved in 1950. The Mary Place Realty Company, a real estate holding company subsidiary of the Pacific, was incorporated in March, 1916 by George K. Belden, W. W. Heffelfinger, and C. W. Elston. This company was dissolved in 1938; at the time of dissolution Pacific was its only shareholder. (Mary Place, a street in downtown Minneapolis, was later renamed LaSalle Avenue.) Another Pacific subsidiary was the Minneapolis Land & Investment Company (ML & IC), which was incorporated in 1890 to promote the development of St. Louis Park, a Minneapolis suburb. Pacific purchased the remaining assets of the ML & IC, especially vacant land at St. Louis Park, in 1917; by 1948 practically all of the St. Louis Park lots had been sold or let go for taxes. (See also ML & IC Records.)

The Penwalk Investment Company was incorporated in April, 1920 by James C., Platt B., and Archie D. Walker. Officers in 1936 included John D. Osborn, president; Dorothy Pence, vice president; Archie D. Walker, secretary; and Bertha H. Walker, treasurer; in 1950, Archie Walker was president and Bertha Walker secretary. The company's principal asset in 1959 was the Penwalk Building, which was built in 1922. Penwalk was absorbed by the Barlow Realty Company, effective July 31, 1972.

The Industrial Investment Company was incorporated in February, 1917 by Jayne, Chalgren, and Samuels. On March 12, 1917 T. B., Gilbert, Willis, and Archie Walker were elected directors of the company, whereupon Jayne, Chalgren, and Samuels resigned as officers and directors. The name of the company was changed to Walker-Pence Company in 1921. Directors at the time of the name change were Harry E. Pence, Gilbert and Archie Walker, and Fred C. Malcolmson; stockholders included Gilbert, Willis, Fletcher, Clinton, and Archie Walker, Pence, Malcolmson, and Julia Walker Smith. Some of the firm's assets eventually included the Anthony Apartments (St. Paul), the Commodore Hotel (St. Paul), the Buckingham Hotel (Minneapolis), and the Walker Building/State Theatre complex (Minneapolis). The Barlow Realty Company absorbed Walker-Pence, along with Penwalk, in 1972.

The State Theatre Heating Company, a Walker-Pence subsidiary, was incorporated in 1921 by H. E. Pence, Archie D. Walker, I. H. Ruben, and M. L. Finkelstein. Its primary purpose apparently was to produce and sell steam heat from a power plant in the State Theatre Building[?] to adjacent tenants and property owners. In the 1960s and early 1970s Walker-Pence and the Minnesota Amusement Company (known as ABC North Central Theatres, Inc.) each owned half-interest in the company. In 1971 it was resolved to liquidate the company's assets; its affairs were declared completely dissolved on February 17, 1972.

Walker-Pence was also part owner of the Eighth Street Development Company, which was composed of a group of Minneapolis businessmen associated to promote business development along Eighth Street between Nicollet and Hennepin avenues in downtown Minneapolis. One of the group's projects involved buying real estate along Eighth Street owned by a Unitarian congregation, demolishing the church building, and constructing a building of its own on the site. The company existed as early as 1927; by 1941 it seems to have been more-or-less inactive. Some of the other owners and stockholders of this company included, over the years, S. T. McKnight, the S. T. McKnight Company, Thorpe Bros., J. H. Palmer, N. L. Newhall, A. D. Walker, G. N. Dayton, G. D. Dayton, and the Dayton Company.

The Minneapolis Central City Market Company was incorporated in 1891, and for many years operated a wholesale commission produce market in downtown Minneapolis. The company was dissolved in 1937 and its employees were absorbed into the Barlow Realty Company (See Minneapolis Central City Market Company Records.)

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The T. B. Walker and Family Papers document one of the largest lumber operations in the Upper Midwest and its gradual expansion into the Pacific Northwest from Minnesota. The Red River Lumber Company, the Walker interests' flagship business, was one of the largest forest products corporations in the nation, controlling huge acreages in north-central Minnesota and later in northeastern California. The records also relate directly to other important land and lumbering collections at the Minnesota Historical Society, most notably those of the Weyerhaeuser and the Winton families and their companies.

The Red River Lumber Company was also the "home" of the legendary Paul Bunyan. Stories of the mythical lumber jack were adapted and expanded from local loggers' tales by Red River's publicist William B. Laughead, who produced some thirteen editions of various legends over a thirty-year period and invented the supplementary characters of Babe the Blue Ox, Johnny Inkslinger, and Shot Gunderson. Paul Bunyan became a nationally known advertising character, identifying Red River Lumber Company products wherever they were marketed.

The Red River Lumber Company was incorporated in 1884 and was liquidated during the 1940s and 1950s. Over the course of its corporate existence it operated lumber mills at Crookston, Minnesota; at Grand Forks, Dakota Territory; at Akeley, Minnesota; and at Westwood, California.

The records of the Walker family and their several corporations represent a remarkable span of corporate history. Their extent and relative completeness offer research opportunities to study the development of corporate business strategies in the commercial use of natural resources, corporate decision-making in a family-controlled company, the expansion of Midwestern timber interests into the Pacific Northwest, labor relations in the lumber industry, conflict between the federal government and the lumber industry over natural resource legislation, dealings with Indian peoples over the sale and cutting of reservation timber, changes in corporate financing techniques, and the growth and development of the city of Minneapolis. In addition, the collection contains information on the development of transportation and timber industry plants and machinery, and on the Walkers' influence on life in several small lumbering towns in Minnesota and California.

Beyond its importance for business and lumbering history, the Walker collection also contains information on the emergence of corporate and personal philanthropy in the early twentieth century. T. B. Walker assembled a fine art collection that became the forerunner of Minneapolis' Walker Art Center, and this, too, is documented in the papers up to about 1930. (The foregoing closely follows an an announcement that appeared in Minnesota History News 27, May-June 1986.)

The Walker Papers were donated to the Minnesota Historical Society over the course of some twenty-three years, primarily by Mrs. Louise W. McCannel of Minneapolis, the daughter of Archie D. Walker, Sr., and granddaughter of T. B. Walker. A small amount of correspondence was received in 1987 from the Walker Art Center through its librarian, Rosemary Furtak. A few folders of miscellaneous Walker-related papers already in the possession of the Society were incorporated into the larger collection as well.

The Minnesota Historical Society's interest in the T. B. Walker and Family Papers dates back to at least 1921, when Curator of Manuscripts Ethel B. Virtue wrote a letter to the lumber baron suggesting that he consider donating some of his business records to the Society (no reply to this letter has yet been found). (Ethel B. Virtue to Thomas B. Walker, April 19, 1921; in T. B. Walker Papers accession file.) In a 1955 letter to MHS Curator of Manuscripts Lucile Kane, Minneapolis attorney Leonard G. Carpenter reported that T. B. Walker's papers had some years previously been stored in "the old Lowry Barn on Mt. Curve" [Boulevard], that this barn had subsequently been broken into by vandals, and that "the greater portion" of the papers had been lost as a consequence. Carpenter noted that surviving material had been turned over to Clara W. Nelson, who had begun writing a biography of T. B. Walker in 1943. (Leonard G. Carpenter to Lucile Kane, Dec. 14, 1955. In TBW Personal Business Correspondence; copy in T. B. Walker Papers accession file.) Nelson was still writing (and in possession of the papers) in 1955; in fact, she was still writing in 1974 at the time of her death.

Miss Kane persisted in her efforts, and in 1965 the Society received the first increment of papers from Archie D. Walker. Accessions continued over the next two decades, and more were yet anticipated in the fall of 1988.

Processing of the collection began on September 1, 1986, under a two-year grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). The work was carried out by project archivist David B. Peterson, under the supervision of project director Lydia Lucas of MHS. Additional assistance was provided by project assistant Geraldine Nielsen, and by student assistant Loralee Bloom.

The key (and largest) sections are the T. B. Walker Papers, the Red River Lumber Company Records, and the Barlow Realty Company Records. The Clara W. Nelson Papers precede the Walker materials in this organizational scheme because her manuscripts give a good overview of the family and its business operations, particularly in Minnesota.

Much of the material comprising the collection was received in considerable disarray. The T. B. Walker Papers section in particular was organized almost entirely by the cataloger. Most of the disorder was apparently created by Nelson, who rearranged Walker's surviving papers to correspond with her biographical research, and who annotated them with letters and Roman numerals in accordance with various of her working outlines.

Nearly all of the material seems to have originated at the family's offices in Minneapolis, which served as headquarters for the various family businesses until 1945. Records kept at offices in California have not made their way to MHS, and the extent to which they have survived is not known. Documentation in the collection is strongest for the Walkers' Minnesota business operations.

The descriptions and detailed file and volume lists for each section presented on the following pages are supplemented by set of reference copies complied by the Minnesota Historical Society of corporate letterheads, and by a lengthy list, with identifying data, of correspondents and corporate officials.

Other materials donated to MHS by the Walker family, which did not fall within the scope of this project, include records of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc., and of the Archie D. and Bertha H. Walker Foundation.

For further information on T. B. Walker and the Walker family businesses see Robert M. Hanft, Red River: Paul Bunyan's Own Lumber Company and Its Railroads (Chico: California State University, 1980).

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These documents are organized into the following sections:
Clara W. Nelson Papers
Annotated Manuscripts
Working Papers
Note Card Files
T. B. Walker Papers
Business Correspondence (letterpress books)
Business Correspondence (foldered)
Business Subject Files
Personal Correspondence
Personal Subject Files
T. B. Walker Estate
Art Collection and Gallery
Financial and Accounting Volumes
Items Flat-filed
Harriet G. Walker Papers
Subject Files
Financial and Accounting Volumes
Items Flat-Filed
Gilbert M. Walker Papers
Subject Files
Financial and Accounting Volumes
Susan Rogers Walker Papers
Julia Walker Smith Papers
Income Taxes
Personal Correspondence
Julia Walker Smith Family Members' Papers
Harriet Walker Holman Papers
Personal Letters
Personal Papers (Miscellaneous)
Scrapbooks of Trade Cards
Frederick O. Holman Papers
Fletcher L. Walker Papers
Subject Files
Willis J. Walker Papers
Business Correspondence
Subject Files
Willis J. Walker Family Members' Papers
Items Flat-Filed
Clinton L. Walker Papers
General Correspondence
Personal Correspondence
Subject Files
Clinton Walker Family Members' Papers
Items Flat-Filed
Archie D. Walker Papers
Business Correspondence
"General File"
Walker Correspondence
Smith Correspondence
Subject Files
Personal Materials
Family Members Papers
Items Flat-filed
Rolled Oversize Items
Red River Lumber Company Records
Minneapolis General Correspondence
Akeley Correspondence
Minneapolis Correspondence with Family
Minneapolis Correspondence with Westwood Mill
Minneapolis Correspondence with Westwood Office
Teletype Communications
Branch Yard Offices
Employee Correspondence
Logging Papers
Subject Files
Minute Books
Financial and Accounting Records
Items Flat-Filed
Walker & Akeley Partnership Records
Subject Files
Financial and Accounting Volumes
Land Records
Walker vs. Akeley Lawsuit
Items Flat-Filed
Miscellaneous Minnesota Lands Records
Land Patent Files
Miscellaneous Subjects
California Lands Records
Land Acquisition Correspondence
Subject Files
Land Records
Items Flat-Filed
Miscellaneous Lumber Companies Records
Federal Lumber Company
Globe Lumber Company
Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) Records
Subject Files
Administration File
General Correspondence
Minneapolis Central City Market Company Records
Rueben H. Adams Files
Subject Files
Secretary's/Corporate Record Books
Minneapolis Land & Investment Company Records
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers
Financial Records
Items Flat-Filed
Family Partnerships Records
Four Walkers
Walker Associates
Walker Brothers
Barlow Realty Company Records
Minnesota Timberlands
Urban Properties
Clippings Scrapbooks
T. B. Walker (Personal)
Harriet G. Walker
Red River Lumber Company
Subjects A-Z
Project Files (Minnesota Historical Society)

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Records of the T. B. Walker Foundation and two related foundations are also in the Minnesota Historical Society manuscripts collections.

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This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the Minnesota Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Art--Collectors and collecting--Minnesota--Minneapolis.
Art--Prive collections--Minnesota--Minneapolis.
Art museums--Minnesota--Minneapolis.
Art objects--Private collections--Minnesota--Minneapolis.
Company towns--California.
Cutover lands--Minnesota.
Family corporations.
Forest conservation.
Forests and forestry--Taxation.
Labor unions.
Lumber trade.
Real estate business--Minnesota.
Strikes and lockouts.
Tariff--United States--Law and legislation.
Trusts, Industrial--United States.
Women authors.
Women--Social conditions.
Akeley (Minn.)--Industries.
Bemidji (Minn.)--Industries.
Minneapolis (Minn.)--Census, 1890.
Minneapolis (Minn.)--Charters.
Minneapolis (Minn.)--Politics and government.
Saint Louis Park (Minn.).
Saint Paul (Minn.)--Census, 1890.
Saint Paul (Minn.)--Politics and government.
Westwood (Calif.)--Industries.
Adams, Reuben, H., 1853-1935.
Akeley, Healy Cady, 1836-1912.
Butler, Levi, 1818-1878.
Camp, George Albert, 1830-1892.
Nelson, Clara W., d. 1974.
Walker, Archie Dean, 1882-1971.
Walker, Harriet Granger Hulet, 1841-.
Walker family.
Barlow Realty Company (Minneapolis, Minn.).
Bethany Home Association (Minneapolis, Minn.).
Red River Lumber Company.
Minneapolis Central City Market Company (Minneapolis, Minn.)
Minneapolis Land & Investment Company.
Minneapolis Public Library.
Northwestern Hospital.
Walker Art Galleries (Minneapolis, Minn.)
Walker and Akeley (Minneapolis, Minn.).
Types of Documents:
Architectural drawings.
Short stories.

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For Nelson-Koelsch 1986 Manuscripts, quotation and publication beyond the fair use provisions of the copyright law requires written permission.
Preferred Citation:
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. T. B. Walker and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society.
[Indicate the cited item and/or series here]. T. B. Walk and Family Clippings Scrapbooks. Minnesota Historical Society.
See the Chicago Manual of Style for additional examples.
Accession Information:
Accession number: 9,930; 10,268; 10,279; 10,334; 10,579; 11,390; 11,422; 11,751; 11,802; 11,842; 12,981; 13,406; 13,430; 13,439; 13,472; 13,785; 13,931; 13,934; 14,043; 14,116; 14,181; 14,307
Processing Information:
Processed by: David B. Peterson, September 1992
PALS ID number: 09-00037563; 09-00319910

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Note to Researchers: To request materials, please note both the location and box numbers shown below.

Clara W. Nelson Papers

This section consists of annotated manuscripts, working papers, and note card files created by Clara W. Nelson in the course of her work on an unofficial biography of T. B. Walker.

The files that Nelson accumulated in the course of her work on the biography have been divided into three series: Annotated Manuscripts, Working Papers, and Note Card Files.

Annotated Manuscripts

Annotated Manuscripts consists primarily of various drafts and revisions of the chapters comprising the 565-page 1950 manuscript; there are also drafts of ten additional chapters, a forward, and an appendix, which Nelson apparently completed after 1950. These materials are organized by chapter: the first twenty-three files consistent with the organizational scheme of the 1950 manuscript, the remainder in accordance with an expanded, projected table of contents found with the Nelson manuscript. There are also photocopies of the 1986 Nelson-Koelsch manuscript (to which McCannel has retained publication rights) and of the 1950 Nelson manuscript. Koelsch appended to the 1986 manuscript a list of footnote references, as well as a considerable amount of "supplemental material"--several appendix chapters, excerpts from the diaries of Hudson D. Walker, a dateline or chronological list of events in the life of T. B. Walker, an index of names appearing in the 1986 manuscript and appendix, and a bibliography.
Location Box
Nelson-Koelsch 1986 Manuscript RESTRICTED:
Contents and explanatory notes.
Chapters. 3 folders:
1: Arrival in Minnesota.
2: Ohio Boyhood.
3: University Life.
4: The Dual towns.
5: First Survey.
6: Keystone of the Walker Dynasty.
7: Mapping the Wilderness.
8: "The Chief" and "My Man Kline."
9: T. B. Walker Becomes a Man of Property.
10: Pine Kings and Trespass.
11: Forestry and Taxation.
12: T. B. Walker Partnerships.
13: The T. B. Walker Family.
14: The Walkers and Travel.
15: The Walkers as Writers and Speakers.
16: The Walkers and their Club Memberships.
17: The Walkers and their Reading.
18: The Walkers and their Health.
19: T. B. Walker--A Collector of Rare Gems.
20: The Walkers and their Amusements.
Location Box
21: Business and Social Relationships.
22: The Logging Contractors.
23: Paul Bunyan Logs T. B. Walker's Piney.
24: Independent Operations.
25: Mill Sites in the Lake-Piney Region.
26: Akeley, the Walker "Company Town."
27: Pine, Politics, and T. B. Walker.
28: The Pine Kings and the Indian.
29: T. B. Walker Founds his Financial Empire.
30: T. B. Walker and his Contemporaries.
31. T. B. Walker and the Tale of Two Cities.
32: T. B. Walker vs. City Charter Program.
33: Flour City Bank.
34: Hennepin Paper Mill, Inc.
35: City Filtration Plant.
36: The Business Men's Union.
37: T. B. Walker and Minneapolis' Real Estate Development.
38: The City Market.
39: St. Louis Park, Model Suburb.
40: The Athenaeum.
41: T. B. Walker and the Messianic Urge--The Minneapolis Public Library.
Location Box
42: The Gallery and Art School in the Libary and the Academy of Science.
43: T. B. Walker and the Messianic Urge--Education.
44: History of the Collection.
45: Minneapolis Accepts Then Refuses Gift of Collection and Site.
46: T. B. Walker and the Messianic Urge--Methodism in Minnesota.
47: Philanthropy in Human Relations.
48: Predilection for Personal Publicity.
49: The Sisterhood of Bethany.
50: Northwestern Hospital.
51: Harriet Granger Walker--Religion and Church.
52: The Walker Family Circle Adds a New Generation.
Supplemental Material:
Appendix Chapters:
The T. B. Walker Collection.
Refers to Walker's art collection; including explanatory note dated 1984.
The Gallery.
The Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts, the Art School in the Library and the Art Institute.
Hudson Walker's Diaries (1922-1928).
Art and the Wealthy.
Index of Names.
Location Box
Nelson Manuscript - Final Draft, 1950.
Foreword, undated.
Book chapters:
1: Arrival in Minnesota.
2: Ohio Boyhood.
3: University Life.
4: The Dual Towns.
5: The First Survey.
6: Keystone of the Walker Dynasty.
7: Mapping the Wilderness.
8: "The Chief" and "My Man Kline."
Location Box
9: T. B. Walker Becomes a Man of Property. 4 folders.
10: Pine Kings and Trespass.
11: Forestry and Taxation.
12: T. B. Walker's Partnerships.
13: The T. B. Walker Family. 2 folders.
14: The Logging Contractors.
15: Paul Bunyan Logs T. B. Walker's Piney. 3 folders.
16: Independent Operations. 2 folders
Folder 1.
Location Box
Folder 2.
17: Mill Sites in the Lake Region.
18: Akeley, the Walker "Company Town."
20: Pine Kings and the Indian.
21: T. B. Walker Founds his Financial Empire.
22: T. B. Walker and his Contemporaries.
23: Philanthropy in Human Relations.
Chapters included in 1950 manuscript and here]
23: T. B. Envisions a "Greater Minneapolis," undated. 2 folders.
25: T. B. Walker and Minneapolis' Real Estate Development, undated. 2 folders.
27(A): Minneapolis Athenaeum, undated. 2 folders.
Location Box
27(B): Minneapolis Public Library, undated.
28: [Art], undated.
29(A): Methodism in Minnesota, undated.
31(C): Predilection for Publicity, undated.
32: Sisterhood of Bethany, undated.
33: Northwestern Hospital, undated.
36: Support of M. E. [Methodist Episcopal] Churches;... undated.
[?]: Education and the Common Mind, undated.
Appendix, undated.
Nelson Manuscript: Parts I and II, [ca. 1950?].
Rough Drafts of First Chapters, [ca. 1948?]. 2 folders.
Chapters 1 and 2, [ca. 1948?]
Chapters 8, 10-11, 14-18, 21, [ca. 1948?]
Miscellaneous Manuscript Fragments, undated. 2 folders.
Location Box
Nelson Manuscript, [ca. 1950?]. 6 folders
Most of this is the original copy of the photocopied version "Nelson Manuscript-Final Draft, 1950." Some annotations were made to the originals after photocopying.
Reconstructed Manuscript, [early 1980s?]. 3 folders.
"Reconstructed" and retyped, apparently by Maureen Koelsch.

Working Papers

Working Papers consist of various materials used, collected, and generated by Clara Nelson in the course of her work on the biography. This series includes working outlines related to the manuscript or to parts of it, and biographical information about T. B. Walker, his wife Harriet G. Walker, and members of the Walker family. A group of research materials includes general background information (notes, relevant manuscript pages, and miscellaneous reference materials); notes and information organized by chapter; references grouped by Roman numeral in accordance with one (or more) of the various working outlines; subject files; newspaper clippings; and miscellaneous reference items.
There are 2.5 boxes (ca. 1 cu. ft.) of stenotype tapes, evidently produced by Nelson on a court reporter's stenograph machine. These seem to consist primarily of notes taken from Walker manuscript materials and from other written sources; some are probably notes from oral history interviews. It is possible that some of these tapes may duplicate information found elsewhere in the collection in its original format. The tapes have not been deciphered. They were retained on the chance that a person familiar with 1940s stenographic equipment may be able to decipher them.
The tapes were received in apparently random order. They had been cut into sections (apparently by Nelson), folded, and most of them labeled. These sections have been placed in bond folders, and the bond folders placed in file folders. There are also two stenograph instructional/practice books, which have been filed with the tapes.
The Working Papers also include 8 inches (11 folders) of project-related correspondence, the bulk of which consists of letters written by Nelson to Mrs. McCannel, from the start of the project until Nelson's death. These letters chronicle Nelson's progress (and lack of same) on A Lifetime Burning over the thirty-one-year period during which she worked on the manuscript. A considerable amount of Nelson-McCannel correspondence (ca. 1948-ca. 1964) is missing.
The early letters document Nelson's enthusiastic start on the biography and her productive first years. She describes various research expeditions, including trips to northern Minnesota, to California, to Missouri, and to Ohio. A number of letters relate problems and obstacles that Nelson encountered in her work. Later letters demonstrate that she was becoming increasingly bogged down in her work, and eventually almost obsessed by it. Nelson also complains frequently of poor working conditions and of her precarious financial situation. In letters from the late 1960s and early 1970s, particularly in the months leading up to her death, Nelson apparently came to realize that she would never complete the project.
There is correspondence with people from whom Nelson was soliciting information and with whom she discussed her work. Correspondents include historians, small-town newspaper editors and publishers, acquaintances and retired employees of the Walkers, Minneapolis school officials, staff members at the Minneapolis newspapers, and officials of the Minnesota Historical Society and the University of Minnesota Graduate School. There is correspondence with University (of Minnesota) Press editors Helen Clapesattle and Jeanne Sinnen; Dr. Ralph Casey of the university's School of Journalism; conservationist Ernest C. Oberholtzer; and with Archie D. Walker, Fletcher L. Walker, and Hudson D. Walker.
Location Box
Index to Correspondence (1943-1975) and Miscellany, [ca. 1986?]
Correspondence. 11 folders:
Undated and 1943-July 1944.
Location Box
Aug. 1944-1975, 1979.
Working Outlines, ca. 1944-ca. 1950, 1967.
Biographical Materials
T. B. Walker, undated and 1890-1924. 2 folders.
Harriet G. Walker, undated and 1861, 1894-1917.
Walker Family, undated.
Research Materials
General Background, undated and 1944-1961. 4 folders.
1-3, 6-8, undated.
9, undated and 1869-1877.
10-12, undated and 1925.
Location Box
13, 15-16, undated.
17-20, undated and 1929.
22-23, undated.
23, 25, 27, undated.
29, 33, 36, undated.
Stenotype Notes, ca. 1950?:
Folders 1-12.
Location Box
Folders 13-28
Location Box
Folders 29-47.
Stenograph Instructional Books, 1940. 2 volumes.
Location Box
Notebooks, undated. 3 folders.
Sections I-V, undated.
Sections VI-XI, undated.
Art, undated.
Art Collection, undated.
Art Collection, Gallery, Art Society, undated.
Art Institute, undated.
Athenaeum, undated.
California Lands, undated.
Education, undated.
Family History (early), undated.
Forestry, undated.
Maps, undated and 1942-1943.
Helen, undated.
T. B., undated.
Walker Family, undated.
Westwood, California, undated.
Clippings, undated and 1917-1972. 3 folders.
Location Box
Bibliography (annotated), undated. 4 folders.
Bibliographical miscellany, undated and 1952, 1983.
Miscellany, undated and 1886-1961. 3 folders.
Miscellaneous Reference Items, undated and 1870-1957.
Project-Related Miscellany, undated and 1941-1956.
Other Correspondence, 1933-1934.
Box part empty.
Location Box
Biographical Materials: Walker Family, undated and 1914-1945.
Correspondence, undated and 1944, 1975.
Interviews with Walter W. Walker and Louise W. McCannel, 1983.
Nelson's Radio Program on Anstis Walker Barnes, 1941.
Project-related Miscellany, undated and 1954-1983.
Research Materials: Art Societies in Minneapolis, undated and 1923.
Working Outlines, undated.

Note Card Files:

The final series, Note Card Files, consists of twelve files of typewritten note cards containing information relative to virtually every chapter (written and unwritten) of the Nelson manuscript; they are not organized in any discernible fashion. The cards have been left in the order in which they were received by MHS. The Box Contents List (following) indicates topics that are most prominently featured in each file, although these lists are by no means exhaustive.
There was included within Nelson's files about one cubic foot of original Walker documents and other manuscript materials, which Nelson apparently pulled from their original locations, adding numbers and other annotations. These have been refiled in their proper places throughout the T. B. Walker and family papers; Nelson's annotations were not erased. An additional one-half cubic foot of material, including photographs depicting California lumbering and milling operations and milling facilities, published guides to T. B. Walker's art collection, and printed materials relating to Minneapolis' Walker Art Center, has been removed for inclusion in other sections of the Walker Papers or within other Walker-related collections.
It should be noted that around 1926-1927 Roy L. Smith was working on a biography of T. B. Walker, which apparently was never completed. Papers related to his work are filed in T. B. Walker Papers.
Location Box
Card File #1. Includes notes on:
Walker collection.
Walker gallery.
Athenaeum and Library.
Bethany Home.
Hudson D. Walker diary excerpts.
Methodism and Methodist Churches in Minn.
Northwestern Hospital.
Real estate.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker philanthropy.
Card File #2. Includes notes on:
American art
Art museums.
Athenaeum and Library.
California lands.
Civil War (U.S.).
Harriet G. Walker and her activities.
Literary notes and quotations.
St. Louis Park, Minnesota.
Schools and education.
Walker business and personal corespondence.
Walker grandchildren.
Walker philanthropy.
Location Box
Card File #3. Includes notes on:
Walker collection.
Walker gallery.
Art museums.
Butler Bros. Building, Minneapolis.
Literary quotations.
Minneapolis City Charter.
Minnesota operations.
Politics and TBW's political views.
St. Louis Park, Minn.
TBW's contemporaries.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.
Walker philanthropy.
Walker & Akeley.
Card File #4. Includes notes on:
Academy of Sciences.
Art and Walker Art Gallery.
Hamline University.
Harriet G. Walker and her activities.
James J. Hill.
Literary notes and quotations.
Methodist churches in Minnesota.
Minneapolis historical notes.
Minnesota operations.
North Dakota operations.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.
Walker philanthropy.
Location Box
Card File #5. Includes notes on:
Athenaeum and library.
Forestry and forest-related legislation.
Harriet G. Walker and her activities.
Methodist churches in Minnesota.
Minneapolis real estate and commercial development.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker philanthropy.
Card File #6. Includes notes on:
Labor organization.
Literary quotations.
St. Louis Park, Minnesota.
TBW's contemporaries.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker philanthropy.
Location Box
Card File #7. Includes notes on:
Cards relating to Sections II-X, XII.
Census: Minneapolis vs. St. Paul.
TBW and his philosophy.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Card File #8. Includes notes on:
Walker collection.
Walker gallery.
Hennepin Ave. M. E. church, Minneapolis.
Hill, James J.
Ireland, John.
Literary quotations.
MacArthur, Charles.
Minneapolis churches (various denominations).
Minneapolis and Hennepin County historical notes.
Minnesota historical notes.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.
Walker philanthropy and charity.
Location Box
Card File #9. Includes notes on:
Academy of Science.
Walker collection.
Walker gallery.
Athenaeum and library.
Cards relating to Section III.
Harriet G. Walker diary excerpts.
Literary quotations.
Minneapolis business and development.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.
Walker philanthropy.
Card File #10. Includes notes on:
Education and Minneapolis public schools.
Minnesota governors.
Panama Pacific International Exposition (1916)
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.
Walker family's Minnetonka lake home.
Location Box
Card File #11. Includes notes on:
Walker collection.
Walker gallery.
Biographical notes on famous persons.
Labor organization and Citizens Alliance of Minneapolis.
Minneapolis press.
Politics and legislation.
Real estate holdings, investments, speculation.
Timber and Stone Act.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker philanthropy.
Card File #12. Includes notes on:
Art-related chapters (tied with red string).
Biographical notes on prominent Minneapolitans.
Harriet G. Walker:
Bethany Home.
Minneapolis historical notes.
Minnesota historical notes.
"Ohio: A Boy's Town."
St. Louis Park, Minnesota.
TBW's proposed gift of art collection to Minneapolis.
Walker business and personal correspondence.
Walker family.

Return to the Table of Contents

Return to the Organization of the Collection Section

T. B. Walker Papers

This section consists of business records and personal papers of Minneapolis lumber baron T. B. (Thomas Barlow) Walker. They document his career as a lumberman, his involvement in the Walker family's several lumbering and related corporations, the development of his regionally famous art collection and gallery, and his involvement in business, civic, religious, scientific, and philanthropic organizations and endeavors. Although he undertook extended business trips to New York City and to San Francisco, Walker made his permanent home in Minneapolis from 1862 until his death in 1928, from whence he directed his lumber operations in both northern Minnesota and California.

This unit has been divided into eight series: Business Correspondence (both letterpress books and foldered correspondence); Business Subject Files; Personal Correspondence; Personal Subject Files; T. B. Walker Estate; Art Collection and Gallery; Photographs; and Financial and Accounting Volumes. In addition, a number of oversized items (maps, broadsides, architectural drawings) removed from or relating to these series have been flat-filed in separate folders. The present organizational structure is the cataloger's creation, most of the files having been received in nearly total disarray.

Business Correspondence (Letterpress Books)

The letterpress books are concerned primarily with the early operations of the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) in northwestern Minnesota, as well as with land and timber purchases and various other activities, prior to the commencement of company operations in northern California. There are also letters pertaining to the Walker & Akeley partnership, as well as letters of the Hennepin Paper Company, the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, and other Walker business organizations. All are intermingled in a single chronological series of volumes.
The early letters (1886-ca. 1905) document routine RRLC milling operations at Crookston and Grand Forks, as directed by Walker from Minneapolis; logging operations in northwestern Minnesota; and routine company business and finances. There are letters concerning Walker's interest in politics; his lobbying of elected representatives in St. Paul and in Washington, D. C.; and his observations on the economy and his concerns about contemporary economic and market conditions. Later letters (ca. 1905-ca.1912) document the period when the Walkers were winding down their Minnesota operations (which were by then centered in Akeley) and were engaged in the quiet acquisition of timber and land in northern California. The most recent volumes (ca. 1912-1917) deal increasingly with matters other than the lumber business, including Walker's interest in art, his growing art collection and gallery, his political views, and his fear of labor organization and "socialism". There are also letters documenting Walker's efforts to organize an exhibit for the Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915) and letters offering his continued comments and recommendations to his sons on their conduct of the lumber business.
The bulk of the letters were written at Minneapolis, with the exception of one volume (January-April, 1905) written at a San Francisco hotel, by T. B. Walker in his capacity as president of the RRLC. There are also other authors, including Walker's sons Gilbert, Clinton, Willis, Fletcher, and Archie; RRLC bookkeepers/accountants John S. Grist and Charles W. Bennett; land man Louis R. Gorham; attorney Ellsworth G. Scammon; logging superintendent Frank J. Kline; and [bookkeeper?] Henry G. Sherwood. Some letters are signed by Walker's business partner Healy C. Akeley; by Reuben H. Adams as market master (Minneapolis Central City Market Company), art gallery curator, and RRLC accountant; and by Walker's secretary, Emma L. Kotz, and his stenographers, Josephine Turney and Leonora Welo.
Recipients of letters include Walker's sons, particularly Clinton; his half-brother, Oliver W. Barnes; Frank J. Kline; RRLC secretaries Watson S. Taylor and Charles B. March; Chester L. Hovey (San Francisco), Walker's chief land man in California; land men H. D. Burroughs (Susanville, California) and Carl R. Briggs (Redding, California); and timber cruiser Richard H. Hovey. There are also letters to attorney A. E. Bolton (San Francisco); to Walker's business partner Dr. J. E. Andrus (Yonkers, New York); and to various politicians and elected representatives from Minnesota and California.
Location Box
Letterpress Books:
Jan. 6, 1886-March 4, 1887.
Dec. 16, 1886-Nov. 29, 1887.
Jan. 8, 1892-May 23, 1893.
Feb. 15, 1894-June 26, 1896.
July 1, 1896-Nov. 28, 1898.
Nov. 10, 1898-March 5, 1903.
March 4, 1903-Feb. 9, 1904.
Feb. 9, 1904-Oct. 21, 1905.
Location Box
Jan. 21, 1905-April 27, 1905 (San Francisco).
Oct. 21, 1905-Sept. 7, 1906.
June 3, 1907-Nov. 11, 1907.
Nov. 11, 1907-Jan. 30, 1909.
Jan. 29, 1909-Sept. 22, 1909.
Sept. 23, 1909-Sept. 13, 1910.
Sept. 13, 1910-July 24, 1912.
July 24, 1912-Jan. 24, 1914.
Jan. 24, 1914-Aug. 27, 1914.
Location Box
Aug. 28, 1914-June 29, 1915.
June 29, 1915-May 22, 1917.

Business Correspondence (foldered)

Consists of general correspondence, and Walker's correspondence with his sons Archie, Fletcher, Willis, Clinton, and Gilbert. It appears that large blocks of correspondence are missing, and that this series is but an assembly of surviving miscellany.
The general correspondence (1870-1927) consists mostly of letters received by T. B. Walker, and largely concerns routine logging and lumber business matters, especially in Minnesota. It includes information about log drives on the Red River; arrangements with Red Lake Indians, the United States Indian Service, and others in advance of T. B.'s cutting reservation timber and floating the logs to his mill at Crookston; T. B.'s acquisition of California timber land (ca. 1910); and general Butler & Walker and Camp & Walker business matters. There are administrative reports from Walker's assistant Frank J. Kline. There is information concerning Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company affairs (see Business Subject Files, below) and the Minneapolis Land and Investment Company.
Other correspondents include W. & L. E. Gurley (manufacturers of surveyors' instruments, Troy, New York); Cushman K. Davis (St. Paul); T. B.'s brother-in-law Andrew B. Robbins; his brothers O. W. Barnes and Platt B. Walker; E. W. Jarvis of the Winnipeg Lumber Company; E. C. Whitney; E. W. Backus; Edgar P. Putnam (Jamestown, New York); Trafford N. Jayne (Minneapolis attorney); John E. Andrus (Yonkers, New York); W. L. Mackenzie King (Ottawa); E. G. Scammon; Walter J. Bartnett (New York City); Reuben H. Adams; and officials of the Long-Bell Lumber Company (Kansas City, Missouri). There is also correspondence with bankers and financiers, including Fogg Brothers & Company (Boston), S. S. Thorpe of Thorpe Brothers (Minneapolis), the Empire Trust Company (New York City), and various Minnesota banks.
Correspondence with Archie Walker (1900-1928) consists primarily of letters exchanged between T. B. and his son at Minneapolis while T.B. was in New York or San Francisco; other letters were written while Archie was away. There is very little for 1900-1915. In addition to routine business and financial matters, they discuss Walker iron mining matters in northern Minnesota; the "Dan Patch Line" (Minneapolis, Northfield & Southern Railway Company); development activities at St. Louis Park; T. B.'s art collection and gallery; T. B.'s lawsuit against the heirs of H. C. Akeley; and demolition of T.B.'s 803 Hennepin Avenue mansion and construction on the site of the Walker (or "Homestead") building complex and the State Theatre. There are also letters concerning a trip to Alaska that Archie and Clinton took in 1900 with their uncle, Oliver W. Barnes, to investigate copper mining possibilities.
T. B.'s correspondence (1899-1928) with Fletcher Walker, who actually lived at Akeley, and later at Westwood, is concerned with business conditions and strategies, as well as with mill construction and operations. Early letters (1899-1900) describe mill operations at Akeley during the Walkers' first years manufacturing lumber there. There are letters (1905-1911) about T. B.'s northern Minnesota mining interests, particularly in Itasca County. A number of letters document the search for a site in northeastern California at which to build the town of Westwood, as well as railroad construction in the region by both the Southern Pacific and the Western Pacific lines. There are narrative reports from Fletcher concerning Westwood and milling operations there. Fletcher frequently discusses milling equipment and machinery, technical concerns that were of particular interest to him.
Correspondence with Willis Walker (1899-1927), initially living at Minneapolis but by 1916 at San Francisco, is largely devoted to routine business matters, including financial, logging, and Minnesota land concerns. There is material pertaining to the Walker & Akeley partnership; the Walker-Akeley lawsuit (1915-1924); a proposed RRLC sale of timber to the McCloud River Lumber Company (ca. 1920); T. B.'s loan of art works to the city of San Francisco for exhibition there (ca. 1924); construction of T. B.'s gallery building on Lowry Hill in Minneapolis in the 1920s; and a testimonial dinner given in T. B.'s honor in Minneapolis in 1924.
T. B.'s correspondence with Clinton Walker (1891-1919), who apparently by 1907 lived at Piedmont (near Oakland), California, is concerned with such matters as timber estimating, land acquisition, and railroad surveys, including a rail line project (never undertaken) to be backed by N. D. Rideout of the Mercantile Trust Company of San Francisco. There is documentation of Clinton's disagreement with his father and brothers over the selection of the Mountain Meadows site for construction of the new company town and lumber mill of Westwood. There are also letters documenting the 1900 Alaska trip, as well as later letters discussing art matters, particularly T. B.'s gift of several paintings from his art collection to Clinton and his siblings. Evident in many of the letters is the persistent conflict between Clinton and the rest of the family over all sorts of issues.
Correspondence with Gilbert Walker (1878-1928), who resided in Minneapolis, consists primarily of Gilbert's letters to T. B. while T. B. was in New York or San Francisco. There is information about RRLC milling operations at Crookston, Grand Forks, and Akeley; Walker & Akeley (W & A) partnership matters; RRLC and W & A finances; business dealings with E. W. Backus; and the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company, the Thompson Wagon Company, and the Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company, all St. Louis Park businesses that the Walker interests controlled. Also included is a narrative commentary about Westwood written by T. B. while on a trip there in 1917. Other letters from T. B. describe the progression of Harriet's last illness in 1917. There is information about T. B.'s contributions to the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church.
T. B.'s gradually deteriorating physical and mental condition, particularly after 1926, is apparent in his handwritten letters to his sons. Increasingly, even personal letters were written on his behalf by his private secretaries, Norman MacLean and Clinton D. Avery. T. B. complained in his letters of being increasingly worried, unable to sleep, and other symptoms of declining health.
Location Box
General correspondence:
Undated and 1870-1924.
Location Box
Stenographer's notes, [ca. 1917].
Archie D. Walker, undated and 1900-1928.
Fletcher L. Walker:
Undated and 1899-1919.
Location Box
Willis J. Walker, undated and 1899-1927.
Clinton L. Walker:
Undated and 1891-1919.
Location Box
Gilbert M. Walker, undated and 1878-1928. 2 folders.

Business Subject Files

These consist primarily of material pertaining to T. B. Walker's lumber business, particularly to his involvement in the Red River Lumber Company. There is some documentation of Butler, Mills & Walker and Camp & Walker partnership affairs (most information about the Walker & Akeley partnership will be found in the Walker & Akeley Partnership Records). Documentation of Walker's mining investments is found in Personal Subject Files (below).
Some files relate to other of T. B.'s business ventures and activities, including the Crookston Boom & Water Power Company, the Flour City National Bank, Minneapolis, (of which he was president, 1887-1894), and the Northwestern Elevator Company (in which T. B. was interested with A. B. Robbins).
Litigation files focus particularly on the "Beltrami County tax suit" (1900-1901), a lawsuit brought by the State of Minnesota against Walker, the Red River Lumber Company, and the Walker & Akeley partnership for payment of back taxes on their lands; T. B. thought the assessments excessive and had refused to pay the 1898 taxes. Correspondents in this file include John R. Van Derlip, a Minneapolis attorney representing the defendants; Henry R. Farnam, a Minneapolis attorney also consulted by T. B. in connection with this legal action; W. F. Street, Beltrami County attorney; and Robert C. Dunn, Minnesota state auditor.
Logging papers contain information about logging operations and activities in which T. B. appears to have been concerned as an individual; "logging papers" also are found as series in the Red River Lumber Company Records and the Walker & Akeley Partnership Records.
Several files relate to the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company, a St. Louis Park-based manufacturer of agricultural machinery. T. B. had loaned $152,200 to the owners of the business shortly before it became insolvent as a result of the Panic of 1893. When the owners were unable to repay the loan, T. B. gained control of the company. These files include photocopies of selected documents from the Ell Torrance papers at the Minnesota Historical Society. Torrance, an attorney, represented A. M. Allen, assignee of the company, in a legal action brought against T. B. Walker, F. J. Kline, and Gilbert M. and Willis J. Walker in 1903 to further settle ownership of its assets.
Location Box
Acme Lumber Company: Published certificate of incorporation, 1906.
See also the Red River Lumber Company Records
Akeley, H. C., 1896-1918.
American River Land and Lumber Company, 1889-1898.
Book of notes and memoranda, 1915-1922, 1942.
Burke's accusation of fraud, [ca. 1886?].
Butler, Levi: Estate, 1878-1879.
Butler Bros., 1906.
Butler, Mills & Walker, 1868-1870.
California-related clippings, 1900-1926.
Camp and Walker:
Camp store ledger, 1883.
Camp-Walker notes, 1885-1888.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1877-1890.
George A. Camp estate, 1891-1894.
Partnership agreement, 1872.
Planing mill ground lease, 1884.
Clearwater River Dam, 1882.
Crookston Boom and Water Power Company:
Agreement, 1883.
Articles of incorporation, 1883.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1883-1896.
(Secretary's?) record book pages, 1883.
Stock certificate book pages, 1883-1889.
Crookston Milling Company clippings, 1935.
Deputy Surveyor appointment certificate, 1867.
Duluth, Pierre & Black Hills Railroad Company, undated.
Flour City National Bank, 1893-1898.
Freehold mortgage bonds, 1876-1903.
Frick Sawmill proposition (El Dorado, Calif.), 1900.
Grand Forks Mill, undated.
Jeffrey, Hopwood, Lothman Company, 1890.
Beltrami County tax suit, undated and 1900-1901.
See also RRLC Records and the Barlow Realty Company Records.
Bowman (John A.) suit, Trout Lake, 1892-1894.
C. W. Clarke Company vs. T. B. Walker, 1916-1922.
Clippings, 1903-1907.
Henrietta G. Coe vs. T. B. Walker, 1867.
King vs. Pillsbury, Murray, Howe, Nicols, and Fergusson, 1883-1891.
W. E. Martin vs. T. B. Walker, 1903.
RRLC vs. Milton A. Daily, 1893.
Standard Investment Company vs. T. B. Walker, 1924.
State of Minnesota vs. Village of Walker and Daniel L. Bush, et al., 1897.
State of Minnesota, ex rel. Realty Company vs. Clayton R. Cooley, 1895.
Trespass Suit at Walker, Minn., 1900.
U.S.A. vs. Clearwater Land and Logging Company and Red River Lumber Company, undated and 1892.
Thomas B. Walker vs. John B. Dow, 1894.
Thomas B. Walker vs. Shasta Power Company:
Brief of plaintiff in error, 1907.
Transcript of records, 1907.
Decision, 1908. (appeal)
Shasta Power Company vs. T. B. Walker, et al.: Points and authorities of defendant on demurrer, [ca. 1907?].
F. K. Wright vs. T. B. Walker, H. C. Akeley, and the Nelson-Tenney Lumber Company, 1900.
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers relating to land and timber (Minnesota), 1871-1906.
Miscellaneous litigation, 1876-1894.
Location Box
Logging papers:
Indian Reservation timber, 1880.
Klevstad, 1883-1886.
Logging and lumbering correspondence and papers, 1880-1923.
Olson, Martin, 1891-1892.
Sheasgreen, J. C., 1882-1883.
Sherry, James, 1891-1894.
Shevlin-Carpenter Company timber deal, 1894-1900.
Weyerhaeuser, 1893.
Lumber business clippings, 1887-1927.
Lumberman Publishing Company, 1891-1899.
Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company:
Background information, 1895-1903.
Photocopies from Ell Torrance Papers, MHS.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1893-1904.
Final reports before Court, undated and 1894-1898. 2 folders.
Bills of sale, contract, etc., 1894-1895. 2 folders.
Bills of sale and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1893-1898.
List of notes on hand, 1894.
Mississippi River Electric Power Company: Prospectus, [ca. 1900?].
Navarro Mill Company sale, 1894.
Nelson, B. F., undated and 1894-1895?, 1915.
Northwestern Elevator Company, 1893.
Ormsbee: Miscellaneous notes on logging in the Sugar Pine and White Pine regions of California, undated.
Pacific Mill clippings, 1986. [Camp & Walker]
Personal injury claim settlements, 1904.
Pillsbury and Walker timber sale, 1894.
"Port of New York: Suggestions for its Improvement" by Walter J. Bartnett, [ca. 1917?]
Railroads, 1900-1914.
Real estate clippings, 1896-1918.
"Report on the Property of the Sierra Lumber Company of California," 1894.
A. (Andrew) B.: 1893-1898.
Adelaide Walker: Clippings, 1920-1922.
Sale of logs to Eastman Bovey & Company, 1879.
Sale of [TBW's] RRLC Stock to RRLC, undated.
Surveying equipment information, 1871-1872.
West Minneapolis Center Circular, [ca. 1890.]
Winnipeg, 1873-1883.
Accounts and financial statements, 1869-1924.
Clippings, 1886-1926.
Correspondence and papers, 1870-1927.
Deeds and mortgages, undated and 1895.

Personal Correspondence

This series consists of a unit of general correspondence, letters exchanged with various family members, letters written by T. B. to Harriet, expressions of sympathy received at the time of Harriet's death (1917), birthday greetings, and a file of personal business correspondence and miscellaneous papers.
General correspondents include T. B.'s uncle, Moses Barlow (Xenia, Ohio); Edgar P. Putnam (Jamestown, N.Y.); Walter J. Bartnett, vice president and general counsel, Western Pacific Railway Company (San Francisco); Hilda (Mrs. William L.) Waters (Long Island, N.Y.); W. L. Mackenzie King (Ottawa); Charles M. Loring, Grace M. Longfellow, Ida E. Kent, Laura B. Johnston, and Ell Torrance, all of Minneapolis; E. W. Backus; and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (New York City). There is also correspondence with employees and former employees Emma L. Kotz, Louis R. Gorham, Norman MacLean, and William Johnson.
The general correspondence includes condolences at the deaths of T. B.'s son Leon (1887) and his daughter Harriet (1904); a crank letter from "Eu Loose"; comments and praise from visitors to the art gallery; and thank-yous from various persons for handouts and loans, including Jacob Y. Troup and Harlow Gale. There is a letter from F. Weyerhaeuser, president of the Chippewa Falls Logging Company (Wisconsin), declining an invitation from T.B. to make Minneapolis his home (1889); letters exchanged with Charlotte Reeve Conover (Dayton, Ohio), a cousin, in which Walker explains his financial assistance to his relatives, the "Xenia Barlows" (1918); several of T. B.'s Christmas card mailing lists from the 1920s; and a request by T. B. to Chester L. Hovey (San Francisco) to procure brandy for him (1918).
Correspondence with family members includes a typewritten transcript of an 1859 letter from T. B. to his grandmother; a photocopy of a letter from T. B.'s father-in-law, Fletcher Hulet (1877); and letters from sons Fletcher and Willis as young children. Other correspondents include brother-in-law Marshal F. Hulet; Moses Barlow; Platt B. Walker II and Oliver W. Barnes; sister Adelaide J. Robbins; John and sister-in-law Clara S. Wheeler; cousin Charlotte Johnston; Archie and Gilbert Walker; cousin "Pet" Sabin (Xenia); daughter Julia; daughters-in-law Alma (Mrs. Willis) and Della (Mrs. Clinton) Walker; and various nieces, nephews, and grandchildren. Letters from T. B. to some of the children describe their mother's last, fatal illness, which apparently began with a "paralytic stroke." A letter written by Clinton D. Avery, T. B.'s personal secretary, to one of the sons describes a delightful and active day on the town which Avery and T. B. spent together in 1927, portraying T. B. as still very active, energetic, and spry.
T. B.'s letters to Harriet originated primarily at the Hotel Seville (New York City), the New Willard (Washington, D.C.), and the Hotel St. Francis (San Francisco), when he was away on business trips. Most are written in longhand, and are rather difficult to read. The researcher should consult the Harriet G. Walker section for the other half of this correspondence.
Personal business correspondence and miscellaneous papers include such items as invitations to all sorts of meetings and social events; railway passes; membership appeals from a variety of organizations; solicitations from automobile dealers (including the Studebaker Corporation of America and the D. A. Odell Motor Car Company, a dealer for Pierce-Arrow cars); magazine and book subscription offers; and similar items. There is material relating to an apparent appeal from Walker to the Governor of Minnesota for clemency in the Granville Spaulding murder case (1890); an invitation to visit Xenia from the Xenia Chamber of Commerce (ca. 1920); an invitation to a dinner in honor of Herbert Hoover (ca. 1920); a "Rockefeller Day" program (1920); an invitation to a Publicity Club of Minneapolis reunion dinner (1926); an invitation and ticket to an address given at Walker's Shubert Theatre (Minneapolis) by Hoover as Secretary of Commerce to delegates of the United States League of Building and Loan Associations (1926); an invitation to a meeting of the Manufacturers' Association of Minneapolis, Inc. (1926); and a diploma for an honorary doctorate awarded to T. B. by Hamline University (1926). Other correspondents include U.S. Senator Dwight M. Sabin; the Automobile Club of Minneapolis; and Theodore Wirth, superintendent of the Minneapolis Board of Park Commissioners.
Location Box
General correspondence, undated and 1870-1927. 8 folders.
Correspondence with family, undated and 1859-1928. 6 folders.
Letters to Harriet G. Walker, 1859, 1900-1917. 3 folders.
Sympathies at HGW's death, 1917. 1 folder.
Location Box
Birthday greetings, 1922-1927. 2 folders.
Personal business correspondence and miscellaneous Papers undated and 1860-1927. 9 folders.

Personal Subject Files

These consist primarily of personal business-related material, including T. B.'s mining investments; files related to his involvement in business, church, civic, political, professional, and other organizations; biographical information; family correspondence, writings, memorabilia, and genealogical data; information on family property and finances; and copies of T. B.'s writings and speeches on a myriad of subjects. This material documents matters separate from T. B.'s lumber-related business activities.
There is a file (primarily 1915-1927) on Baldwin-Wallace College, which both T. B. and Harriet had attended under its prior name, Baldwin University. The college conferred an honorary degree on T. B. in 1916. The file includes a number of requests for sizable donations to the institution, particularly in connection with its efforts to establish an endowment. There are several invitations to T. B. to visit the college. The file includes a Baldwin University course catalog (1862-1863) and typewritten copies of T. B.'s academic transcripts (1858-1861). The latter apparently were made by or for Roy L. Smith of Minneapolis, a Methodist minister and publicist hired around 1926-1927 to prepare an authorized biography. Correspondents include Smith and Baldwin-Wallace presidents Arthur Louis Breslich and Albert B. Storms.
Biographical information includes numerous short biographical sketches, primarily in pamphlet form, some autobiographical materials, and portions of Smith's working papers and biography manuscript. While Smith's biography apparently was never published, Clara Nelson appears to have drawn upon some of his work in the course of preparing her own biography of Walker.
A file on churches primarily contains material relating to T. B.'s involvement in and financial support of the Methodist Church in Minnesota; the files document Minnesota Methodism's regular requests for financial contributions as well. There are requests for funds from Methodist congregations in Minneapolis and elsewhere; from the Minneapolis District of the Methodist Episcopal Church for parishes, city missions, and church extension work; from seminaries and colleges, particularly Hamline University; and for foreign missions. There is also data on various Methodist parishes, compiled in connection with the Centenary Survey for the Minneapolis District, and information about the Methodist Union of Minneapolis and its predecessor organizations. Correspondents include Hamline presidents George H. Bridgman and Samuel Fletcher Kerfoot, Bishop Charles Edward Locke, and Minneapolis District superintendents Reese Bowman Kester, M. P. Burns, T. W. Stout, and William C. Hodgson.
Papers relating to the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (1891-1927) include information about church functions, programs, and services; T. B.'s financial contributions; church fundraising, including for the Centenary Fund (T. B. was a member of its Centenary Council); various church building proposals and projects, and the dedication of the building at Groveland and Lyndale Avenues (1916); some congregational publications; and some informtion about the art gallery at the church. Correspondents include pastors Andrew Gillies, S. D. Hutsinpiller, Fayette L. Thompson, Gilbert Stansell, Charles Wesley Burns, Lucius Hatfield Bugbee, and Lewis Leroy Dunnington. There is also correspondence with W. J. Dean, president of the congregation's board of trustees (1907), and with James Wyman, chairman of the building committee (ca. 1907).
A file on the Minneapolis Council of Churches includes council newsletters, a historical sketch, and letters from R. B. Blyth, executive secretary, and A. F. Benson, president.
Forestry and conservation files include correspondence relating to state (California) and federal legislation affecting the taxation of timberlands, and to Walker's advocacy of changing the tax basis from that of annual taxation on standing timber to that of a stumpage tax on logs cut. T. B. maintained that annual taxation of standing timber would inevitably lead to rapid destruction of the forests without reforestation to provide for the future; this was the key to his forestry and conservation ideas. There are copies of bills; lengthy letters to various persons, including Gifford Pinchot, in which T. B. outlines his views on forestry and conservation; articles by others, including two tracts by E. G. Scammon on forest ownership, taxation, and conservation (1914, 1915); and miscellaneous reports. There is also some discussion about fire protection.
Correspondents include C. C. Andrews, Minnesota forestry commissioner (1903); Henry S. Graves, Gifford Pinchot, and other officials of the American Forestry Association and the U.S. Forest Service; the National Conservation Congress; the California Forest Protective Association; the Minnesota State Forestry Association; the California White and Sugar Pine Manufacturers Association; and the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory (Madison, Wisconsin).
The files relating to labor document Walker's concern about labor organization and trade unionism, and his support of pro-capital causes and organizations. There are articles concerning the open vs. the closed shop, and correspondence with the Minnesota Union Advocate (St. Paul), the Minnesota Labor Press Bureau (Minneapolis), the Labor Digest and its editor E. E. Stevens, and the Northwestern Appeal (Minneapolis). The files also include a copy of a form letter signed by the Republican governor of Minnesota, J. A. A. Burnquist, indicating support for labor's right to organize and arbitrate; and a promotional item from the Minneapolis office of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). There is some correspondence, as well as mimeographed reports on radical activities in Minnesota, from the Northern Information Bureau.
A file on the Citizens Alliance of Minneapolis includes copies of its Citizens Alliance Bulletin and Special Weekly Bulletin. Correspondence, circular letters, and miscellaneous papers contain information about Alliance meetings, solicitations for financial support, and evidence of Walker's financial contributions. There are comments (1920) by O. P. Briggs, Alliance president, on its editorial policy and T. B.'s support of both capital and labor-related publications, including the Minnesota Labor Press Bureau, Labor Digest, State Federation of Labor, Northwest Warriors Magazine, Northwestern Appeal, Minnesota Union Advocate, Heart of America, News Letter of Minneapolis and Peoples Franchise Bureau, Northeast Argus, The Irish Standard, Svenska Folkets Tidning, Loyal American News, and The American Committee. There is also some information about the formation of the Citizens Alliance of St. Paul (1920). Correspondents include Alliance secretary George K. Belden and presidents O. B. Kinnard and O. P. Briggs.
Files pertaining to Walker's mining investments have been divided into six geographical groups: Alaska, Arizona, California, Minnesota, Nevada, and West Virginia. The greatest portion of these files relates to T. B.'s investments on Minnesota's iron ranges, including the Walker-Hill Mine and other properties owned jointly with the Great Northern Railway (through its Great Northern Iron Ore Properties). There is correspondence with J. H. Gruber, secretary, and Walter J. Hill, trustee, of Great Norethern Iron Ore Properties, as well as statements of salary and expenses submitted by, and correspondence with, D. R. Carr (apparently the same individual who cruised timber for the Walker interests), who oversaw operations on their joint lands in the Coleraine, Minnesota area. Deeds and agreements document T. B.'s Minnesota real estate sales to the Fillmore, Arthur, Harrison, Lorain, Polk, and Jackson iron mining companies (all evidently subsidiaries of or related to the Great Northern), and to the Oliver Iron Mining Company. The Walker interests also retained mineral rights to thousands of acres of cutover land in northern Minnesota.
Papers relating to mining activities in Alaska include letters concerning the 1900 trip that Clinton and Archie Walker took with Oliver W. Barnes to investigate copper mining possibilities. There is information about the Hidden Treasure Copper Mine claim on Glacier Island, Prince William Sound (in which T. B. bought a half interest), as well as information concerning the Chittyna Exploration Company (in which T. B. was a stockholder).
There are a number of files on various business, civic, and other organizations in which T. B. was involved to a greater or lesser extent, including the Minneapolis Public Library, the Minnesota Academy of Science, and the Minneapolis Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA).
T. B. was president of the Library Board of the City of Minneapolis from its incorporation in 1885 until his death in 1928. The files relating to the Minneapolis Public Library contain news clippings, administrative reports, bylaws, and minutes of board meetings. A file of correspondence and miscellaneous papers includes requests for employment in the library; historical sketches outlining T. B.'s involvement with the library and with the earlier athenaeum; a 1912 tract (apparently not written by T. B.) entitled "The Minneapolis Public Library/The Minneapolis Central City Market"; a narrative by T. B. entitled "The Library as a Public Institution" (ca.1911); and "The Day's Work in the Library" (ca. 1910?), a compilation of essays by staff members relating their experiences at work on a supposedly typical day. There is information about library funding and finances and the establishment of branch libraries; letters on a variety of subjects written to Walker as president of the library board, and considerable correspondence with Gratia Countryman, librarian from 1904 to 1936.
T. B.'s file on the Minnesota Academy of Science spans 44 years (1883-1927); Walker was its president for several of these years. This file includes narratives reviewing the history of this organization and describing its collections; copies of its charter, constitution, and bylaws; an article by Harlow Gale entitled "An Octogenetic Musical Development," as well as tracts by other authors; Academy bulletins; a memorial book for Newton Horace Winchell (1914); and notices of upcoming meetings, with their program titles. Correspondents include Frederick J. Wulling, Harlow Gale, O. W. Oestlund, Edward C. Gale, Charles P. Berkey, and A. D. Roe (all of the academy); M. L. Burton and C. W. Hall of the University of Minnesota; and Minneapolis taxidermist Henry W. Howling.
Walker was involved in the YMCA at both the local (Minneapolis) level and as a member of its International Committee, based in New York City. Local files include discussion about the construction of a new building in downtown Minneapolis (1916); requests and acknowledgments to T. B. for financial contributions; and annual reports of boys' work and of the Minneapolis YMCA general secretary (both 1920). There are also general secretary's annual reports (1923-1924 and 1924-1925). There are various financial reports, and information about the YMCA's efforts to develop an endowment (ca. 1920). Correspondents include E. J. Couper, W. J. Dean, H. P. Goddard, S. Wirt Wiley, J. S. Porteous, John R. Van Derlip, Trafford N. Jayne, and Frank O. Koehler.
Walker was elected to the YMCA International Committee in 1899. His files include information and reports about its work and finances; minutes of its monthly meetings (1909-1924); an account of YMCA personnel being expelled from the USSR by the Soviet government; and a report of the Commission on Colored Work (1920). There are many form letters. Correspondents include Lucien C. Warner; Richard C. Morse, John R. Mott, and Alfred E. Marling (all New York City); C. S. Ward and A. G. Knebel (both Chicago); and various other committee officials.
Miscellaneous California-based organizations represented in the files include the American Patriotic League (Los Angeles), and the Commonwealth Club of California, the California Promotion Committee, and the California Water and Forest Association (all San Francisco). Other miscellaneous groups include the "Minnesota" Pacific Expedition (ca. 1924), the American Academy of Political and Social Science (Philadelphia), the Aero Club of Minneapolis, the Minneapolis Business Men's Association, and the American Committee of Minneapolis.
T. B. was a member of the Minnesota Panama Pacific Commission, which had charge of arranging for a Minnesota exhibit at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, which was held at San Francisco in 1915. He saw Minnesota's participation in the exposition as a means of promoting tourism in the state, an extension of the "See America First" movement (of which T. B. was one of four commissioners). The files document disagreements with an unofficial volunteer committee over what the state's exhibit would be (it was eventually decided to construct a model farmstead), including a report on the controversy by T. T. Wilson. They also include financial reports, information about other states' exhibits, copies of relevant Minnesota legislative bills, and some exposition-related informational publications. Correspondents include Minnesota governors Winfield S. Hammond and Adolph O. Eberhart and/or members of their staffs; F. K. Sullivan; C. W. Field; D. M. Neill (Red Wing); Curtis L. Mosher (Minneapolis); and C. C. Moore.
The philanthropy files include requests for donations from organizations throughout the United States, some of which are the California Relief Committee of Minneapolis, in the aftermath of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake; the General Relief Committee, Inc. (New York City), which promised food for starving Russians; the Citizens Committee of Workingmen's Home (Minneapolis), of which Walker was chairman; the Union City Mission (Minneapolis); Shattuck School (Faribault, Minnesota); the Minnesota College (Minneapolis); the American Bible Society (New York City); the American Committee for Helping Italian Blind (New York City); the Minnesota Committee for Relief of German Children (Minneapolis); Carleton College (Northfield, Minnesota); the Women's Co-Operative Alliance (Minneapolis); and the American College of Surgeons (Chicago).
Papers relating to politics document T.B.'s interest in local, state, and national issues of the day. He was an ardent Republican, a bitter opponent of free coinage of silver, an advocate of a protective tariff on lumber and of tax reform, particularly in regard to taxation of standing timber, an advocate of temperance, and an opponent of socialism. Walker followed Minnesota and California politics carefully as well, and his Minneapolis boosterism is amply documented.
Material pertaining to national issues includes information about tax and revenue legislation; the "Chinese Question" (1894); T. B.'s support of William McKinley's 1896 candidacy against William Jennings Bryan for President of the United States; the "Prohibition Enforcement Act" (1919); a treaty with England relating to the Panama Canal (1900); and the Forest Reserve Act (1900). There is a guest's ticket to the 1892 Republican National Convention, which was held in Minneapolis, and numerous requests for financial contributions to various political campaigns. A large part of this material consists of Walker's correspondence with legislators, including senators Cushman K. Davis, Knute Nelson, and Frank B. Kellogg, and representatives Loren Fletcher and Frank M. Nye. There is correspondence with chairman Will H. Hayes and other officials of the Republican National Committee; with the National Republican Congressional Committee; and with Eugene G. Hay of the Board of United States General Appraisers (New York City). There are copies of T.B.'s letters to the editor of various newspapers, and a letter from E. C. Pratt of the Red Wing Journal, urging Walker to run for the U.S. Senate. The correspondence consists primarily of T. B.'s commentary on legislation and proposed legislation, on candidates and elections, and on Republican Party politics.
T. B.'s views on currency reform are amply reflected in his correspondence with Knute Nelson and other legislators; with U.S. Representative John E. Andrus (New York), Walker's business partner; and with officials of the Monetary Convention (Indianapolis), including H. H. Hanna. There is also a published tract by Platt B. Walker entitled "Pending Currency Legislation."
Tariff-related materials include correspondence with officials of the American Protective Tariff League (New York City); "The Relation of the Tariff to the Public Welfare," a 1916 tract by T. B. Walker; and "Tariff Reduction Always Brings Hard Times," a published extract from a speech of U.S. Representative James T. McCleary of Minnesota (1906).
Minneapolis issues include the construction of a municipal auditorium; city charter matters; municipal union with St. Paul (1889-1894); the city water supply, including an unattributed 1905 tract entitled "The Question of Pure Water for Minneapolis"; the construction of a new main post office building; activities of the park board; the Minneapolis Citizenship Convention (1924); and [John D.] Rockefeller [Jr.] Day (1920). There are bulletins issued by the Voters Information Club (1921-1922), and a letter from James J. Hill questioning T. B.'s opposition to a plan by St. Paul's Summit Avenue Improvement Association to upgrade Summit Avenue.
Walker's writings and speeches, as well as a few by other individuals, have been brought together and arranged alphabetically by topic. They consist of published tracts; articles prepared for and clipped from the pages of such periodicals as "Sunset," "Western Afield," "Fair Play," "The Labor World," and "Ariel"; letters to the editors of newspapers; texts and notes for speeches; and annotated drafts and fragments of all of the above. The bulk of these are concerned with economic, business, political, religious, and forestry/conservation themes.
Included here also are testimonials and eulogies concerning S. A. Harris, "Mr." Weyerhaeuser, Prof. [Horace] Winchell, and James J. Hill.
Location Box
Account book (miscellaneous personal), 1902, 1922-1926.
Address book with miscellaneous notes, 1906-1911.
Baldwin-Wallace College, undated and 1862-1863, 1915-1927.
Barlow, Thomas: Scrapbook of writings, 1857-1871.
Barlow family writings:
Undated and 1833.
Including The Blind Man's KEY: or An Easy Solution of Difficult Mathematical Problems, For the Use of Common Schools, by Thomas Barlow, of Little Falls, Herkimer County, N.Y. (1833).
Newton Reed, Early History of Amenia, (annotated), 1875.
Barnes, Anstis K. [TBW's mother]:
Books of poetry and clippings:
1863, 1874-1877.
Location Box
Clippings scrapbook, 1833-1837.
Clippings and composition book, ca. 1858?
Including TBW.
Clippings scrapbook, 1831-1853.
Clippings scrapbook of poetry, 1865-1876.
Correspondence with others, 1827-1845.
Biographical information:
Miscellaneous biographical accounts, undated and 1891-1924, 1982.(5 folders)
Miscellaneous manuscript fragments, undated.
Autobiographical manuscript fragments, undated and 1891-1921.
Correspondence, undated and 1890-1928.
Roy L. Smith biography of TBW:
Chapters and notes, undated.
Correspondence, 1926-1927.
Research materials, undated and 1889-1927.
Biographical sketches of T. B. Walker, 1907.
Location Box
Prominent Minnesotans, [ca.1914?].
Undated and 1892-1940.
Clippings, 1914-1927.
See also Clara W. Nelson Papers.
Location Box
Biographical information:
Clippings, 1928, 1990.
Includes obituaries.
Location Box
Books of miscellaneous notes and memoranda:
[ca.1920?].1 volume.
Undated and 1926.2 volumes.
Chappel, Joe Mitchell, 1917-1924.
Charity (Family):
Undated and 1877-1930.
Agreement with RRLC, 1919.
Case, Henry H., 1916-1918.
Johnston, Charlotte M., 1917-1921.
Religious philanthropy:
Undated and 1891-1927.
Hamline University, undated and 1901-1926.
Minneapolis District Methodist Episcopal Church, 1890-1926.
Hennepin Ave. M. E. Church, undated and 1891-1927.
See items flat-filed for architectural drawings of a proposed (ca. 1909?) building.
Walker M. E. Church (Minneapolis), undated and 1907-1926.
Minneapolis Methodist Churches:
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, undated and 1892-1927.
Clippings, 1876-1927.
Minneapolis Council of Churches, 1924-1927.
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1892-1927.
Eustis, William Henry: Testimonial dinner, 1925.
Fiftieth wedding anniversary, 1913-1914.
Financial (miscellaneous), 1833-1927.
Folwell, W. W., 1921-1926.
Force (Jacob R.) pardon, 1907-1908.
Forestry and conservation:
Undated and 1895-1913.
Location Box
Miscellaneous papers, 1903-1925.
Conservation clippings, 1903-1925.
Gale, Harlow A.: Minneapolis (1857-1859), 1922.
Gale, Samuel C.: Clippings, 1859.
Genealogy and family history, 1855-1930.
Genealogy: Barlow and allied families, 1930.
Hay, Eugene G., 1922.
803 Hennepin, undated and 1873-1891.
Hill, James J.:
Clippings, 1896-1925.
Dinner, 1893.
In Memoriam books:
Henrietta Welles (1854-1897), 1897.
Jacob Francis Tourtellote (1835-1912), 1915.
Income taxes (personal), undated and 1892-1928.
Investment opportunities, 1893-1927.
Ireland, John: Clippings, undated.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1895-1927.
Northern Information Bureau, undated and 1924-1926.
Citizens Alliance of Minneapolis:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1903-1927.
Citizens Alliance Bulletin, 1921-1926.
Special Weekly Bulletin, 1919-1927.
Lakewood Cemetery, 1876-1924.
Lowry, Thomas, 1906.
Lowry House [#2 Groveland Terrace]:
Clippings, 1873-1937.
McCleary, James T., 1909-1925.
Medical (personal), undated and 1908-1928.
Location Box
Alaska: Trip, explorations, and proposition, undated and 1899-1901.
See also Archie D. Walker Papers.
Arizona: Cyclopic mine:
Correspondence, 1902-1904. 2 folders.
Weekly operational reports, 1902-1903.
Miscellaneous reports, papers, correspondence, 1902-1907.
California: Chicago Mining Company, 1908.
Minnesota: [see also Barlow Realty Company Records]
Agreements and deeds (misc.), 1896-1918.
Carr, D. R., 1905-1911. 5 folders.
Great Northern Iron Ore properties, 1908-1910.
Hartley, Gilbert G., 1905-1909.
"Iron Ore Papers," 1909.
Jewett, F. G., 1906-1907. [mining engineer]
Kline, Frank J., 1907.
Longyear, E. J.:
Analysis of iron ore samples, 1907.
Lum, Leon E., 1907.
Mineral exploration (miscellany), 1895-1896. 2 folders.
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1905-1908. 2 folders.
Oliver Iron Mining Company:
1905-1911. 3 folders.
Location Box
Contract with RRLC, 1905.
Statement, 1908. [parcels 1-7]
Scammon: Correspondence re: perfection of titles, 1906-1907.
Sheasgreen, J. C., 1906.
Snider, Samuel P., 1899-1900.
Vermillion Mines clippings, 1868.
Miscellaneous mining-related correspondence and papers, 1905.
United Gold Corporation, 1909-1912.
Miscellaneous papers, undated and 1910.
West Virginia: Hull, J. C. deal, 1892.
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1899-1910, 1918.
Minneapolis Hall of Fame portrait, 1927.
Minnesota Historical Society, 1903-1927.
New England Society in the City of New York, 1910.
Organizations in which TBW was involved:
All American Society, Inc., 1923.
American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1902-1921.
American Economic Association, 1901-1919.
Commercial Club of Minneapolis, 1902-1919.
Minneapolis Business Union, ca. 1890-1893.
Minneapolis Board of Trade, 1893-1900.
Minneapolis Civic and Commerce Association, 1913-1927.
Minneapolis Committee, 1925-1927.
Minneapolis Public Library:
Library, 1912-1947.
Library Board, 1915-1925.
"Official Weekly" reports, 1913-1929.
Historical sketch, 1949.
List of additions, 1912.
Map of Minneapolis Public Library System, undated.
Miscellaneous reports, undated and 1898-1928.
"Hand Book," 1899.
Bylaws of the Library Board, 1910.
Board meeting minutes, 1914-1929.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers:
Undated and 1889-1914.
Location Box
Athenaeum, 1859-1929.
T. B. Walker notes on Athenaeum, library and education, 1883.
Minnesota Academy of Science, 1883-1927.
National Economic League, 1916-1918.
Optimist Club of Minneapolis, 1925-1927.
See America League, 1905-1907.
Twin Cities Hoo-Hoo Club, 1924-1925.
Clippings, 1901-1922.
Minneapolis, undated and 1900-1927.
Minnesota, 1892-1925. [YMCA of Minn.].
International Committee: Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1899-1925.
Minutes of meetings, 1909-1924.
National War Work Council, undated and 1917-1921.
Home Division financial statements, 1923-1924.
Other correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1893-1927.
Miscellaneous California, 1898-1925.
Miscellany, 1898-1923.
Location Box
Panama-Pacific international exposition:
Undated and 1913-1918. 2 alphabetical files.
Clippings, 1914.
List of exposition stockholders, undated.
Pence, Harry E., 1919.
Charities clippings, 1899-1927.
Requests from individuals, 1880-1931.
Kent, Ida E., 1917-1925.
Requests from groups and organizations, undated and 1880-1927.
Scandinavian and Finnish Relief Fund, 1903.
Miscellany, 1877-1925.
Location Box
National issues:
General file, undated and 1876-1927.
Currency Reform, undated and 1896-1908.
Taft banquet, 1909.
Tariff, undated and 1894-1925.
Walker, J. H., 1893-1895.
California issues, 1900-1920.
Minnesota issues, undated and 1885-1926.
Local issues [Twin Cities, esp. Minneapolis]:
Undated and 1889-1927. 2 folders.
Auditorium, 1917-1924.
Minneapolis city charter, undated and 1890-1926. 2 folders.
Prohibition, 1904-1927.
Socialism, 1912-1915.
Socialism and class conflict, undated and 1903-1925.
Trusts, undated and 1899-1913.
Clippings, 1896-1923.
Relatives: Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, undated and 1839-1927.
Robbins family:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1901-1910.
Insurance policies, 1907-1911.
Location Box
Writings, 1886-1920.
Testimonial dinner (1924):
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers.
Program and speeches.
Helen M. [TBW's sister]:
Diaries, 1870-1876. 4 folders; 10 volumes.
Leon B. [TBW's son]:
Autograph book, 1881-1887.
Miscellaneous notes and memoranda, 1886. 1 volume.
Platt II: Notes on congress, 1894.
Platt B.: Clippings, 1907.
Probably father and son.
Weyerhaeuser, 1914-1916.
Wheeler, D. J., 1876.
Wills, undated and 1871-1906, 1920?-1927.
Writings and speeches:
Advice to young men, 1897.
Art and gallery themes, undated and 1919-1920.
Banking, undated.
Capital and labor, 1912-1920.
Character, 1914.
Church and religious themes:
ca. 1895-1921.
Location Box
"The Son of Man," 1903.
"Testimony of the Ages," 1911.
Economy and business, undated and 1892-1916.
Education and educational themes:
"Citations-References [on] Education-Philosophy," undated. Notebook.
"Notes on Education," undated. Notebook.
Forestry and conservation:
Undated. 5 folders.
Library, undated and 1911.
Lumber industry, undated and 1908-1912.
"Memories of the Early Life and Development of Minnesota"; [for MHS], 1914-1915.
National politics:
Undated and [ca. 1896-1917?].
Currency reform, undated and [ca. 1896]-1897.
Location Box
Tariff, undated and 1895-1916.
Local politics:
Undated and 1907-1915.
City markets (Minneapolis), undated.
Minneapolis city charter, undated and 1906-1920.
Socialism and class conflict, undated and 1890-1914. 3 folders.
Taxation, undated and 1906-1914.
Testimonials and eulogies, undated and 1914-1916.
Miscellaneous politics:
Correspondence and papers, undated and 1891-1927.
Clippings, undated and 1894-1925.
Correspondence and Papers, 1921-1927.
Clippings, 1890-1927.

T.B. Walker Estate

Material relating to the estate of T. B. Walker includes a copy (#65) of a petition by Archie D. Walker, one of the executors, in Hennepin County probate court (1929). Appended to the petition is a list (with descriptions) of parcels of northern Minnesota real estate conveyed by T. B. before his death to the Red River Lumber Company. Since most of this land was tax-delinquent, deeds were not recorded. Archie's petition asked for a court order permitting the executors to execute quit-claim deeds to these parcels to the RRLC or its designees. An order attached to the petition grants this authority.
Estate-related materials also include a folder of "distribution working papers," including carbon copies of Archie's letters to his siblings and financial statements related to both the T. B. Walker and the Harriet G. Walker estates. In some letters, Archie proposes that the estates be liquidated and their assets put into the Pacific Investment Company. There is information about some Minnesota Western Railroad Company bonds, which evidently became estate assets, and some other miscellany.
Location Box
Distribution working papers, 1930-1931.
Minnesota Western Railroad Company Bonds, 1924-1932.
Probate court case petition #65, 1929.
Probate court order, 1929.

Art Collection and Gallery

Materials related to Walker's art collection and to the building and management of his art gallery date from about 1860 until the time of his death (1928). Although some miscellany is as late as 1987, most recent information about the collection, the gallery, and the Walker Art Center is found in other collections (see Introduction).
These files include lists and inventories of T.B.'s art collection; some information about specific artists and art works; a nearly complete set of published gallery and collection catalogs; clippings; correspondence files; photographs of paintings, sculptures, jades, and other items included in the collection; miscellaneous purchase receipts; gallery visitors registers (1903-1910); and some corporate records for the Walker Galleries, Inc. (1919-1934).
There is a file of accolades, some of which were subsequently used in gallery publicity, by visitors from Canada, Europe, and throughout the United States. These include letters from artists, professors, art critics, school children, and the general public, among them Eugene Neuhaus of the University of California, W. F. Cody ("Buffalo Bill"), G. W. Little ("Pawnee Bill"), and Harry Houdini.
The files contain information about and/or correspondence with various artists, including Virginie Demont Breton (Paris?); Henry J. Brewer (San Francisco); Albert Bierstadt (New York); H. Lewis (Dusseldorf); Arthur Parton (Yonkers, New York); William Patterson (Chicago); Carl W. Rawson (Beaver Bay, Minnesota); Freeman Thorpe (at Minneapolis); Hans Dahl (Dusseldorf); J. L. Bedding (Amsterdam); and Paul Fjelde. Much of this material relates to the commissioning and purchase of art works. There is correspondence with Henry H. Cross (Chicago), who painted a series of portraits of American Indians that was included in the Walker collection, accompanied by biographical sketches of many of the Indians portrayed and of Cross himself. There are letters from W. F. Cody to Cross and to Reuben H. Adams, and to Walker from G. W. Little; there is also correspondence with Cross's executor, James H. Cross.
Clippings relate to such topics as T. B.'s purchase of art; the Cross Indian portraits; the Walker jade collection; T. B.'s art on exhibit at the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church; and accolades on his collections. A considerable number document the controversy surrounding T.B.'s gift of the collection to the City of Minneapolis (1918), the city's eventual return of the collection (1924), and his construction of his own new gallery building on Lowry Hill in Minneapolis (1926). Some clippings relate to the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts, to the Museum of the Academy of Science, and to Aazeez Khayat, "Armenian explorer."
Gallery and collection-related correspondence includes requests from persons and groups to visit the gallery, and thank-yous from visitors; correspondence with individuals offering art, antiques, and curios for sale; and appeals for T. B. to donate paintings to schools, churches, and other groups and organizations. There is also information about the collection at the Hennepin Avenue Church; about Henry H. Cross and his death; and about an exhibition of some of T. B.'s art objects at the 1926 Minnesota State Fair.
Later letters (1918-1927) are primarily concerned with the disposition of Walker's art collection. Many relate to T. B.'s donation of the collection to the City of Minneapolis, and to the ensuing controversy. There are letters from Frederick J. Wulling (1924) and Lotus D. Coffman (1923), both of the University of Minnesota, urging Walker to donate his collection to the university and advocating the construction of a new gallery building on campus. There is considerable correspondence with San Francisco banker Herbert Fleishhacker, including offers to construct a gallery there. Other correspondence with Fleishhacker and with San Francisco mayor Joseph Rolph relates to a mid-1920s exhibition of items from T. B.'s collection at the Palace of the Legion of Honor (see flat-filed items for blueprint drawings relating to the Legion of Honor). Finally, there is correspondence relating to Walker's construction of his gallery building on Lowry Hill, particularly with L. L. Long of the architectural and engineering firm of Long & Thorshov (Minneapolis).
Other correspondents include the Federated Council of Art Education (Baltimore); the American Federation of Arts (Washington, D.C.); Paul Fjelde; William Watts Folwell (Minneapolis); the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts; and Mrs. Corneila B. Sage Quinton (San Francisco). Walker wrote some of the outgoing letters himself, but most were written by Clinton D. Avery, Magnus J. Jensen, Reuben H. Adams, and Archie and Hudson Walker.
The gallery and art collection files also include an evaluation of the collection by Professor Eugene Neuhaus, of the Department of Drawing and Art at the University of California. There are photographs of individual works, and photos (interior and exterior) of T. B.'s various gallery buildings. There is also a separate file on the San Francisco loan.
Location Box
Accolades re: gallery and collection, 1912-1927.
Applications for employment, 1925-1927.
H. H. Cross, 1901-1935.
Artists and works (misellaneous information about specific individuals and pieces):
Location Box
Card index, [ca. 1940?].
2 volumes; gives minimal data on some individual works of art in the TBW collection. Including: "Contemporary Paintings," "Contemporary Watercolors," "All Other Watercolors," "Oriental Pottery, Porcelain, Stoneware, etc.," "Oriental Stone Carvings, Statuary, etc.," "All Other Paintings."
Location Box
Books of notes and memoranda:
1896, 1910-1934.3 volumes.
1920.2 volumes.
1923-1924.2 volumes.
Catalogs (gallery and collection):
Undated and 1888-1927.
Miscellaneous proofs, undated.
Location Box
Clippings (art; incl. gallery and collection):
1920-1925.(3 folders)
Undated and 1887-1922.
Location Box
Location Box
Correspondence (re: gallery and collection), undated and 1918-1927.
Gallery building (1927), 1923-1927.
Gift to city, undated and 1918-1927. [Minneapolis]
Hennepin Ave. M. E. Church collection, ca. 1920?
Legal documents (misc.), 1896-1927.
List of art works in TBW collection, 1922-1923.
List of paintings reserved by TBW, 1927.
Lists of artists and their paintings in TBW collection, undated and 1912?
Lists and inventories of art eorks in TBW collection, undated and 1911-1940.
Location Box
Narratives (art-related):
Glass, undated and 1921.
Pottery, undated.
Miscellaneous, 1912-1921.
Miscellaneous TBW writings, 1915-1920.
Neuhaus report, [ca. 1915?].
News articles and publicity pieces (re: gallery and collection), 1905-1927.
Notes and memoranda (miscellaneous), 1915-1928.
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1898-1927.
Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts, 1892-1927.
Other collections, galleries, works exhibitions, sales, 1886-1928.
Papers (misc.), 1892-1925.
Of paintings in TBW collection (A-Z), [ca. 1925?].
X-rayed paintings, [ca. 1925?].
Idols and bronzes, etc., 9ca. 1925?].
Bronzes, [ca. 1925?].
"Fathers of Methodism" painting, [ca. 1925?].
1927 gallery building exterior, ca. 1926?
1927 gallery building interior, undated and [ca. 1946].
"Miniatures," undated.
Jade pieces, [ca. 1925?].
Location Box
Jewel cases, [ca. 1925?].
Paintings at Hennepin Avenue M.E. Church, ca. 1920-[ca. 1925?].
Miscellaneous works, [ca. 1925?].
Hennepin Ave. house and gallery, undated and 1884, 1906.
803 Hennepin.
50th anniversary celebration in gallery, 1913.
TBW and HGW golden wedding anniversary.
San Francisco exhibit (?), [ca. 1925].
Purchase receipts (miscellaneous), 1912-1913.
San Francisco loan:
Correspondence, 1916-1926.
Miscellany, undated.
T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc., 1929-1938.
Trans-Mississippi and international exposition (1898).
Tyrone Guthrie Theatre: Clipping, 1965.
Location Box
Visitors registers:
Location Box
Walker Art Center: Clippings and publicity, 1972-1987.
Walker Galleries, Inc.:
Articles of incorporation, 1924.
Record book, 1924-1925.
Financial and accounting records (misc.), 1919-1934.


A file of photographs contains portraits of T. B., alone and with his wife Harriet; photos of their children and grandchildren; and photos of various relatives and related families. There are also photos of the Camp & Walker lumber mill, of the houses at 803 Hennepin and #2 Groveland Terrace, of what is probably the cornerstone laying at the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (1914), and of Walker in attendance at various meetings and conventions.
Location Box
Barlow family, undated.
Barnes, Ethel, undated and 1888.
Camp & Walker's Lumber Mill (Minneapolis), 1869.
Family portrait album, undated. [ca. 1861]-[ca. 1882?].
Includes members of Baldwin, Barlow, Barnes, Hulet, Lyon, Robbins, Walker, Wheeler, Wyman families; also Dr. and Mrs. Levi Butler and Major and Mrs. Camp; Mrs. Van Cleve; et al.
Forestry convention, undated.
Friends, undated and 1858, 1881-1924.
Grandchildren, [ca. 1913?].
803 Hennepin, undated and [ca. 1875?].
House (unidentified), [ca. 1900?].
Ellensburg, Washington area?
International Committee (YMCA?) (New York City), undated.
Lowry house, undated and 1919.
#2 Groveland Terrace.
Mining, undated and [ca. 1910?]-1921.
Relatives, undated and 1870s-1890s.
Robbins family, undated.
Walker family:
Leon B., undated. (1880s) [TBW's son].
Platt Bayless I siblings, undated.
Platt Bayless II and family, undated.
T. B. [portraits]:
Undated and 1888-1926.
Wright, George B., undated.
Miscellany, undated.
Location Box
Barlow, Moses, [ca. 1870?].
Hennepin Ave. M. E. Church cornerstone laying (?), 1914.
T. B. Walker [portraits], undated and 1908-1916.
Miscellany, undated.
Location Box
American Iron and Steel Institute banquet (New York City), 1916.
Children (photo montages), 1879-1887.
Children with TBW (group portraits), 1907, [1920?].
Fiftieth wedding anniversary dinner, 1913.
House (unidentified), undated.
National Lumber Manufacturers' Association Convention banquet (Chicago), 1919.
T. B. Walker [portraits]:
Undated. [ca. 1920?].
Caricatures, undated.
TBW and HGW, [1892?].

Financial and Accounting Volumes

These document T. B. Walker's personal interest in the lumbering and property management businesses, including miscellaneous and check journals, cash books, general and rent ledgers, miscellaneous account books, and other financial miscellany. Journal sheets and a general ledger dating from the first years of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc. (1925-1941) are also included. See Barlow Realty Company Records and California Lands Records for information about Walker's real estate holdings and transactions in Minnesota and California.
Location Box
Miscellaneous Journals:
A, March 1, 1894-Aug. 5, 1898.
B, Aug. 1, 1898-Dec. 31, 1902.
Defense exhibit 63.
1, June 14, 1907-Feb. 26, 1908.
Cash books:
A, Sept. 14, 1880-Aug.2, 1884.
C, Aug. 4, 1884-June 27, 1887.
July 30, 1884-Feb. 2, 1886.
July 5, 1887-Dec. 28, 1889.
1, Dec. 24, 1889-March 10, 1892.
2, March 8, 1892-Aug. 1, 1893.
Location Box
Rent cash book, May 16, 1917-Dec. 7, 1932.
Check Journals:
A, Jan. 3, 1903-Aug. 31, 1905.
Defense exhibit 64.
B, Sept. 1, 1905-Feb. 28, 1908.
Defense exhibit 65.
C, March 1, 1908-Dec. 31, 1910.
Defense exhibit 66.
D, Jan. 3, 1911-Feb. 27, 1914.
Defense exhibit 67.
E, March 2, 1914-Dec. 30, 1916.
Defense exhibit 68.
Location Box
F, Jan. 2, 1917-May 29, 1920.
Defense exhibit 69.
G, June 5, 1920-Jan. 30, 1926.
H, Feb. 1, 1926-April 24, 1933.
General ledgers:
Defense exhibit 16.
C, 1896-1898.
Defense exhibit 59.
D, 1894-1902.
Defense exhibit 61.
Defense exhibit 60.
F, 1907-1918.
Defense exhibit 62.
Location Box
G, 1918-1925.
H, 1926-1933.
Log book, 1891-1905.
Information about logs cut in Minnesota by TBW. Plantiff exhibit G-2.
Rent ledgers:
Location Box
Location Box
Trial balance, Jan. 1915-Dec. 1918.
Location Box
Memoranda of accounts. 6 volumes.
Handwritten notes and miscellany. 5 volumes.
Pacific Coast notes, 1898.
T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc.:
General ledger, 1925-1941.
Location Box
Journal sheets, Dec. 15, 1925-Dec. 31, 1930.

Items Flat-Filed

A number of maps, architectural drawings, broadsides, etc. have been removed from the foldered files, unfolded, and flat-filed in map folders. Included are maps of mining areas in Alaska, Arizona, Minnesota, and Nevada and of oil-drilling areas in California; diagrams and architectural drawings of galleries and other exhibit spaces in San Francisco and in Walker's Minneapolis galleries; plans of a proposed residence for T. B. Walker (1923); blueprints of a proposed building for the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church (ca. 1909?); and biographical and promotional miscellany.
Location Box
A2/ovFolder 1
Blueprint drawings for proposed (never built) Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church at 10th and Hennepin. undated. [ca. 1909?]:
First floor plan. (Scheme "D").
Second floor and balcony plan (Scheme "D").
Basement plan.
Hennepin Avenue elevation.
Tenth Street elevation.
Longitudinal section.
Transverse section through church auditorium/transverse section through Sunday school auditorium.
Plat map showing "present" Prospect Park M. E. Church building, property lines, and "approx. Front Line New Bldg.," undated.
Location Box
"Copper River Valley, Head of Tanana, Trail Through to the Yukon, Government Mail Route, and Good Routes for Railroad from Valdes to Eagle, Alaska," undated. [ca. 1899?]. Blueprint map.
"Chittyna River District and Approaches, Alaska, U.S.A.," 1899.
Chittyna Exploration Co. Annotated blueprint plat map; "Copper River" on back.
"Map of Glacier Island, Alaska," undated. [ca. 1899?].
Plat map evidently showing Cyckiouc Mine, [ca. 1902].
Shows mining camps, rail lines, etc.
Annotated blueprint plat map showing T57N-R23W and T56N-R23W (Marble to Pengilly, Minnesota, and vicinity), [ca. 1907].
Shows drill holes, geological formations, etc.
Annotated blueprint plat map showing T55N-R24W Coleraine to Holman, Minnesota, and vicinity, [ca. 1907].
Shows drill holes, mine pits, geological formations, etc.
"Exploration on Sec. 24-56N-24W...#3," Feb. 22, 1907. Blueprint schematic drawing.
"Estimate of total high & low grade on parel one--Blueprint shows additional ore caused by drilleing by O. I. M. Co. & assays made by E. J. L."
"Explorations on Sec. 20, Town 56, Range 23," March 1909.
Blueprint schematic drawing by Oliver Iron Mining Co., Mining Engineering Dept., Duluth, Minnesota (T. O.)
Location Box
"Explorations on S 1/2 of N.E. 1/4, Section 21, Town 56, Range 23," 1908.
"Report of Explorations, Great Western Mining Co."--Oliver Iron Mining Co., Mining Engineering Dept., Duluth, Minnesota.Blueprint schematic drawing.
"Exploration on W. 1/2 of S.E. 1/4, Sec. 19, Town 56, Range 23," [ca. 1908].
"Report of Exploration, Great Western Mining Co."Blueprint schematic drawing.
"Geological Map of the Iron Regions of Minnesota by N. H. Winchell and H. V. Winchell," 1890.
"Explorations on S.E. 1/4 of N.W. 1/4, Sec. 20, Town 56, Range 23," [ca. 1908].
"Report of Explorations, Great Western Mining Co."Blueprint schematic drawing.
"Explorations on S.W. 1/4 of N.E. 1/4, Sec. 5, T. 55, R. 24, " 1906. Blueprint schematic drawing.
Oliver Iron Mining Co?
"Explorations on Lot 3 - Sec. 5 - T. 55 - R .24,"1906. Blueprint schematic drawing.
Oliver Iron Mining Co?
"Explorations on Sec. 19, Town 56, Range 23," [ca. 1908].
"Report of Explorations, Oliver Mining Co." Blueprint schematic drawing.
Location Box
Walker-Hill Reserve--Parcel 6: Maps showing proposed pit layout for ore reserve estimate. [T56N, R23W]3 maps: Drilling as of:
Shows location of drill holes.
June 14, 1950.
June 29, 1950.
July 5, 1950.
"Map of the Mesabi Range, Minnesota, showing the Active Mines and Other Holdings of the Great Northern Iron Ore Properties," 1928.
"Map of the Mesabi Range, Itasca and St. Louis Counties," 1910.
Defense exhibit 20 (or 26?).
"Map of the Mesabi Iron Range," undated.
Leech Lake east to Swan Lake.
"Map of the Mesabi Iron Range, Minnesota," undated.
Annotated differently from map above.
Leech Lake to Sawn Lake.
Defense exhibit 18.
"Profile, Masonic-Sunny Jim Districts," undated.
Blueprint schematic drawing.
Map showing Sunny Jim mining district (?), Esmeralda County, Nevada, [ca. 1911]. (United Gold Corporation)
"Map of Sunny Jim G. M. and M. Company," undated.
Blueprint schematic drawing; indicates workings completed and proposed.
Oil (California)
Location Box
"Structural Contour Map of the Sunset Oil Field, California," 1909.
Plat map; shows oil wells and their status; property ownership; land elevations and contours; etc.
"Preliminary Geologic and Structural Map of he McKittrick-Sunset Oil Region, California," 1909.
Annotated, color-coded plat map.
"Structrual Contour Map of the Midway Oil Field, California," 1909.
Plat map; shows oil wells and their status; property ownership; land elevatiosn and contours; etc.
"Structural Contour Map of the McKittrick Oil Field, California," 1909.
Plat map; shows oil wells and their status; property ownership; land elevations and contours; etc.
"Map of Kern County, Cal.," [ca. 1910?].
Blueprint plat map; annotated to show "Oil & Probably Oil Region."
Art: San Francisco:
Especially re: loan of works for exhibition at the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, [ca. 1923-ca. 1925].
"Spreckles Building Pan." Floor plan drawing. [ca. 1925].
"Diagram of Art Museum and American Legion, San Francisco, Cal.," [ca. 1925].
"Original site for art in Civic Center." Blueprint floor plan drawing.
Group of three:
"Map of Civic Center," San Francisco, 1923.
Annoted to show American Legion and Art Museum building, 1924.
Blueprint map of Civic Center area showing City Hall and block where American Legion and Art Museum building was built, [ca, 1923?].
Blueprint floor plan of a San Francisco art gallery [American Legion building/], [ca. 1925].
Duplicates some drawings filed with papers.
"Map of Civic Center," San Francisco, 1923.
Blueprint plat map; annotated to show city property as of Feb 1 )?), 1924; also other annotations.
Resolution of apreciation to TBW from San Francisco city and county Board of Supervisors, 1925.
In appreciation to TBW for his having arranged exhibitions of his art at San Francisco, etc.
Art: Minneapolis:
Gallery at 8th and Hennepin:
Location Box
Basement and main floor plans, 1913.
"Entrance to Art Gallery of Mr. T. B. Walker," 1913:
Sheet 1: Elevations, Plans.
Sheet 2: Details.
"Skylight Plans for T. B. Walker Art Gallery," 1913.
Tracing S. 302.
Untitled floor plans, 1915.
1926 Gallery (Lowry Hill):
Location Box
"Front elevation," 1925.
Sheet 6: Sections at B-B, 1925.
Longitudinal cross section.
Sheet 9: Second floor plan, 1925?
Sheet 10: Roof plan, 1925?
Sheet 101: Foundation plan, 1925.
Mechanical equipment:
Sheet 1: Basement floor plan, 1925.
Sheet 2: First floor plan, 1925.
Sheet 3: Second floor plan, 1925.
Sheet 4: Diagrams of risers/detail of typical radiator connections, 1925.
Sheet 5: Boiler room plan, 1925.
"Basement Plan, Proposed T. B. Walker Art Gallery,"undated.
"Redesign of Walker Art Center," 1944.
Front elevation; plan for revised walks and steps.
"Resolution (by aldermen Fruen and Currie), the City Council of the City of Minneapolis, to: Thomas Barlow Walker," 1925.
In appreciation to TBW for his art collecting and gallery building construction, etc.
Location Box
Newspaper page with railroad adverttisemtns for travel to World's Fair at Chicago, undated. [1893?].
Must be from a St. Paul newspaper. Pink paper--torn.
"Biographical Sketch of Mr. T. B. Walker," [ca. 1920].
Acidic newsprint.
The Graphic (pub. New York), Jan. 1903.
Contains biographical sketch of TBW.
"Deephaven Park, Subdivision No. 2, Hennepin County, Minn., "undated
2 plat maps showing lots A-K at Lake Minnetonka subdivision. (See also Archie Walker Papers, Items Flat-filed.)
Fragment of a plat map showing a 550' x 467.7' Lake Minnetonka lake lot owned by TBW, undated.
"Is Life Worth Living" broadside, 1904?
Re: TBW speech at YMCA Hall, Minneapolis. 2 copies; 1 soiled. Includes photo of TBW.
Minneapolis Journal suppliment, April 13, 1911.
Unidentified tabloid-style publication promoting and giving historical information about various northern Minnesota Iron Range-area towns, undated.
50 pagees; glossy; including article about TBW, p. 27.
"The Gibson Estate in the Village of Deephaven on Lake Minnetonka," undated.
Blueprint plat map.
Map of the City and County of San Francisco, 1911-1912.
Shows Panama-Pacfic International Exposition site.

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Correspondence, subject files, and some financial and accounting volumes relating to Harriet G. (Mrs. T. B.) Walker's personal, business, and philanthropic interests and activities. Of particular interest are materials relating to the Bethany Home Association and to Northwestern Hospital, both in Minneapolis.

The present organizational scheme was created by the cataloger from randomly ordered materials. The items within each folder are arranged chronologically.

The papers are composed primarily of correspondence; there are also subject files and miscellaneous papers on a variety of topics. The bulk of the material consists of Harriet Walker's correspondence with her husband, T. B. Walker. Other major groupings of materials relate to her work on behalf of the Bethany Home; to her involvement in organizations advocating temperancel and her various acts of philanthropy.


The correspondence with T. B. Walker consists primarily of typewritten letters by Harriet to her husband while he was away from home. Harriet comments on her activities and on those of their children, on news of the Minneapolis society, on her health, and on the weather; she frequently complains to her husband that he has been gone too long, and urges him to take better care of himself while away. T. B. Walker, in his letters to Harriet, typically describes some of the business and social activities, comments on his health, and advises his wife to safeguard her own. There is also correspondence between Harriet and her children (especially Archie) and her grandchildren, particularly on those occasions when she accompanied T. B. Walker to New York City or to San Francisco. These letters provide some details about the couple's activities during their absences from Minneapolis. Harriet does not, as a rule, discuss business matters in ther letters.
Harriet also corresponded with various relatives, including her father Fletcher, her brother Marshal and his wife Clara (fl. 1903-fl. 1919), and her sister Clara S. Wheeler. There is a file of letters of Carrie Hunt (1862-1869), who may have been another wife of Marshal Hulet. Other files contain personal corresondence with non-family members, especially condolences on the January 1904 death of her dauther, Harriet Walker Holmen.
Location Box
Correspondence with T. B. Walker, undated and 1895-1915.
Correspondence with Archie D. Walker, 1900-1916.
Letters to children and grandchildren, undated and 1883-1917.
Carrie Hunt's letters, etc., 1862-1869.
Personal correspondence, undated and 1877-1916.
Family letters and miscellaneous papers, 1867-1929.2 folders.

Subject Files

Location Box
Account book (unidentified), 1900-1901.
Address book with miscellaneous notes and accounts, 1887-1893.
Appointment book, 1893.
Autograph book, 1893-1865.
Business correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1875-1922.
Bethany Home.
The files relating to Harriet's involvement in the Bethany Home provide some glimpses into the mission, purpose, and work of that institution. There are letters to Harriet, and to other officers and staff members, from women seeking admission to the home, from persons wishing to have someone else admitted, from family members and others inquiring about some individual mothers and their children, from persons seeking to hire Bethany residents as domestic help, from persons seeking to adopt babies, and from former residents. Serveral items document the misfortunes of one young woman, Edna Margnade, who spent some time at the home. Bethany Home annual reports are shoused in the MHS Reference Library.
Clippings, 1910-1918.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1877-1922.
General ledger, 1920-1926.
Superintendant's reports, 1907-1913.
Biographical material, 1894-1922.
Miscellaneous notes and accounts, [ca. 1874]-[ca. 1875].
Miscellaneous notes and memoranda, undated. 3 volumes.
Check stub book, 1906-1907.
Clippings, 1884-1928.
Confederate soldier's dairly, 1864,
Including also miscelaneous notes and accounts, 1865-1866,
Diaries(9 vols.)
Diaries kept by Harriet periodically between 1889 and 1916 provide information about her activities and those of her husband. Many of the entries were made while Harriet accompanied T. B. on both business and pleasure trips, including visits to Europ (1880), to Xenia, Ohio and Chicago (1898), and several extended visits to New York City (including 1892 and 1916). There is commentary about callers received and calls made, letters received and written, dinner parties attended and given, shopping excursions, pleasure drives in carriage or automobile, and regular critiques of church services and sermons. The diaries include information about Harriet's work with such organizations as the Bethany Home Association, Northwestern Hospital, and the Young Women's Christian Association. In many entries Harriet mentions illness of herself and other family members. The diaries report regularly on T.B.'s activities and whereabouts, and mention visits and activites of children and grandchildren.
1913-1916.4 volumes.
Letter registers,: 1902-1911
1902-1911. 2 volumes.
Location Box
152.K.1.12F 3
1912-1915. 3 volumes.
Letters from Methodist congregatons.
A number of letters from various Methodist congregations (primarily in outstate Minnesota) thank Harriet for financial aid, or request such aid.
List of names (unidentified), undated.
Medical (personal),undated and 1876-1916.
Northwestern Hospital.
Some materials relate to Northwestern Hospital, including correspondence, its bylaws, newsclippings, a list of rules for nurses, an undated informational handout, and other miscellany. There are some historical sketches, including two (1947, 1967) that post-date Harriet's own files but that contain information about her work for the hospital. Some 1880s materials concern the Northwestern Hospital Training School for Nurses, which was operated by the insitution. There are some photos of the hospital's 1887 building and of staff members and patients, as well as some medical-related photos of uncertain original that were found with Harriet's papers. Northwestern Hospital's annual reports are housed in the MHS reference library.
undated and 1878-1925, 1947, 1967.
Photos, undated and 1897.
Obituaries, 1917.
Undated and [ca. 1849?]-1913.
Location Box
Undated and 1908.
Location Box
Undated, [ca. 1908?].
Location Box
Hulet faimly, undated.
Wheeler family, undated.
Portrait album, 1863-[ca. 1873?].
"Society Record" book, 1891-1895.
Taxes, 1913-1916.
Temperance and Philanthropy.
Harriet's temperance and philanthropy files consist of an interrelated group of correspondence and miscellany pertaining to various aspects of her work in the temperance movement, in various women's organizations, and in charity and philanthropy. The papers document her involvement in such organizations as the Nonpartisan National Women's Christian Temperance Union, the National Council of Women in the United States, and a World's Congress of Representative Women (held in Chicago in May, 1893, under the auspices of the Woman's Branch of the World's Congress Auxiliary of the World's Columbian Exposition). There is also some information about organizations devoted to the treatment of chemical dependency, including the Hughes' Club and the Keeley Institute.
Also included are files reflecting her early interest in women's suffrage and documenting her later rejection of that movement, including tracts (1894-1914) circulated by the Minneapolis Association Opposed to the Further Extension of Suffrage to Women.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1872-1916.
Temperance Tribunearticles, 1894-1901.
Women's Council,1892.
Women's suffrage, unated and 1892-1916.
Location Box
Writings and speeches, undated and 1861-1917.
Young Women's Christian Association, undated and 1892-1916.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers:
Information about three lawsuits involving the failure of tenants to pay rent for premises leased from the estate, and the estate's efforts to collect back rent or evict the tenants.
Harriet G. Walker Heirs vs. Dr. John T. Carpenter, 1925-1927.
Archie D. Walker as Administrator v. Walter Peterson, 1930.
Gaylord G. Carpenter, Administrator of J[ohn] T. Carpenter Estate v. Red River Lumber Co., 1930-1931.
Taxes, 1917-1934.

Financial and Accounting Volumes

A group of journal sheets, cash books, and ledgers relate primarily to rents collected on certain Minneapolis and St. Paul properties that were kept in Harriet's name, particularly the Hulet Block, a store and office building located at Hennepin Avenue and 7th Street in Minneapolis. The volumes document some other financial transactions as well, including the sale of houses and/or lots in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Akeley, and St. Louis Park, and sales of cutover lands in northern Minnesota. There is information about loans to various individuals; monies loaned or given to Marshal F. Hulet, Clara S. Wheeler, and others; expenditures for the upkeep of Harriet's rental properties; salaries paid out of Harriet G. Walker's funds; and periodic infusions of money from the Red River Lumber Company.
Journal Sheets, 1923-1929.
Cash Books:
June 3, 1915-Jan. 25, 1917.
Jan. 17, 1917-Jan. 31, 1918.
Jan. 17, 1917-Dec, 15, 1917.
Feb. 2, 1918-Dec. 27, 1922.
"Akeley Cash Book," May 3, 1899-May 3, 1917.
Rent Cash Books:
Location Box
152.K.1.14F 5
General ledger, 1918-1945.
Location Box
Rent ledgers:
Location Box
Land records:
"Special House Contracts and Mortgages, etc.,"1916-1922.
"Special Land Contracts,"1915-1924.

Items Flat-filed

Bethany Home Floor Plans, undated (oversize folder)
Main floor.
Second floor.
Third floor.

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The Gilbert M. Walker papers consist of business correspondence (both foldered and letter press volumes), personal correspondence, some subject files, and several financial and accounting volumes. Included also are some files relating to Gilbert's wife, Susan, primarily ca. 1940-1959. Much of Gilbert's papers consist of surviving miscellany; undoubtedly this is but a small part of his original files.


Business correspondence:
Location Box
Letterpress volumes:
Two letterpress books authored by Gilbert M. Walker relate primarly to routine operational matters at RRLC-Westwood. The letterpress book in progress at Gilbert's death was completed with letters written by RRLC purchasing agent Rodney C. Hodge (his first letter is dated April 12, 1929). Most of the letters were written at the RRLC general office in Minneapolis.
The letters concern such topics as the Westwood physical plant: mill, machinery, equipment, and maintenance; fire prevention (sprinker systems); insurace coverage and policies; the company's veneer plant; lumber sales, shipment, and freight rates; and accounts payable and receivable. There is also information about a California hydroelectric plant in which the Walkers were financially interested; and Gilbert's opposition to the implementation of daylight savings time at Westwood. There are letters relating to the real estate transactions; to the bank at Westwood; to RRLC and Walker family members' finances; to Walker-Pence Company property matters; and to T. B. Walker's art collecting and his gallery.
As well as Gilbert's letters as vice president of the RRLC, the volumes contain Walker-Pence Company, Walker Art Gallery, Walker Brothers, Minneapolis Central City Market Company, State Theatre Heating Company, Penwalk Investment Company, Pacific Investment Company, and Superior Land Company business letters. There are also letters relating to the estates of Harriet G. and Gilbert M. Walker, and letters by Archie Walker.
Recipients of letters inclued T. B., Fletcher, and Willis Walker; the RRLC offices at Westwood, San Francisco, and Chicagol T. B. Walker's half-brother, Oliver W. Barnes (Berkeley, California); realtors Elmer Madson (Grand Rapids, Minnesota) and Jens J. Opsahl (the Opsahl Company, Bemidji); Brill & Maslon, attorneys (Minneapolis); E. R. Bell (Akeley); and various banks and northern Minnesota county officials.
Jan. 30, 1920-Oct. 13, 1925.
Oct. 13, 1925-Dec. 20, 1928.
Includes Rodney C. Hodge, April 12-Oct. 2, 1929.
Foldered Correspondence:
This correspondence relates largely to routine RRLC business and financial matters. The bulk of the material dates from 1920 to 1928, although there is a concentration of ca. 1900 correspondence. Earlier letters concern Akeley mill production and sales; RRLC, Walker & Akeley, and T. B. Walker financial matters; California land and timber purchases; and the surveying of California lands. There is information about the family's non-Minnesota mining interests, including the Cyclopic Mine in Arizona and the Bonanza [Arizona?] mining claims (see T. B. Walker Papers for additional information about Walker family minig investments); the Chittyna Exploration Co.; and miscellaneous information relating to the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, and the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church.
Letters after 1916 include Gilbert's comments, recommendations, and criticisms relative to the company's California logging and lumber milling operations, and his observations on the company's California businesses as conducted by Willis and Fletcher. Gilbert generally joined his father in counseling caution in regard to business and plant expansion, criticizing Willis and Fletcher for their "optimism" and what he and the elder Walker apprently considered excessive risk-taking. There are letters describing Harriet G. Walkers final illness and death in 1917, and letters concerning the Westwood bank (1921), the family's involvement in which both Gilbert and T. B. opposed. There is also some material concerning Fletcher's organization of his Walker Investment Company.
Correspondents include T. B., Fletcher, Willis, Clinton, and Archie WAlker; O. W. Barnes; Charles D. March, Frank J. Kline, Reuben H. Adams, and W. B. Tomlinson; and N. P. Perrine (San Francisco).
Location Box
152.K.1.5B 1
Personal Correspondence, undated and 1882-1885, 1904-1928.
There is a small amount of surviving personal correspondence, including letters to T. B. and Harriet written while Gilbert was a patient at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Michigan, in 1904. There are also letters from June (Mrs. Fletcher) Wheeler of Madison, Wisconsin (apparently a cousin of Gilbert's), asking to borrow money for improvements to the building housing the Wheeler Conservatory of Music. Other correspondents nclude Alma B. (Mrs. Willis) Walker, Bertha H. (Mrs. Archie) Walker, and Dana C. Smith.

Subject Files

The subject files include information about the Bethany Home (see Harriet G. Walker papers for more extensive information); the Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Co., St. Louis Park, of which Gilbert was president in ca. 1893-ca. 1895; the Thompson Wagon Co., St. Louis Park, of which Gilbert was president ca. 1895. Several miscellaneous files relate to Gilbert's other business interests and to his estate.
Location Box
152.K.1.5B 1
Bethany Home, undated and 1924.
Books of notes and memoranda (several in each folder):
ca. 1914-[ca. 1916?].
ca. 1920-[ca. 1923?].
ca. 1923-[ca. 1927?].
Undated and [ca. 1928].
Clippings, undated and 1896-1924.
Collections: Jarless and Thompson Notes, 1893-1901.
Financial (miscellaneous), undated and 1917-1924.
Fire loss (425 Groveland Ave.), 1920.
Hennepin Lumber Company, 1922-1924.
Income taxes, 1915-1916, 1925-1932.
Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company, 1892-1895.
Includes stock certificate book pages.
Photos, undated and 1899.
Thompson Wagon Company, 1891-1895.
Includes stock certificate book pages.
Westwood: Reports and recommendations, 1919-1920.
Wills, undated and 1928.
Estate: Charitable trust, 1951-1954 (T 255) (607 T).
Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, undated and 1907-1929.

Financial and Accounting Volumes:

These consist of general journals, rent cash books, and a general ledger, relating largely to rents received and the upkeep and maintenance of various Minneapolis residential and commerical properties owned by Gilbert. There is also documentation of such personal financial matters as Gilbert's RRLC dividends; salaries received from the Hennepin Paper Company; and his philanthropic contributions to such organizations as the Bethany Home Association, Hamline University, and the Camp Fire Girls.
Location Box
General journals:
Oct. 1, 1922-Aug. 30, 1923.
Sept. 5, 1923-Oct. 31, 1925.
Nov. 2, 1925-Nov. 30, 1931.
Rent Cash Books:
Aug. 3, 1905-May 3, 1913.
May 3, 1913-Dec. 31, 1930.
General Ledger, 1922-1931.

Susan Rogers Walker Papers

The Susan Rogers Walker papers inlcude subject files, financial statements and records, some personal correspondence, and some papers relating to her estate. After Gilbert's death, Archie Walker handled Susan's business affairs, and many of these files, accordingly, emanated from his office.
There is information about the Brass Building, the Film Building, and the Music Building, all Minneapolis properties which Susan apparently owned. Fiels concerning the First National Bank of Minneapolis (1949-1952) provide information about several speical agencies and trusts which Susan established naming Martha Rogers Shuman, Jesse W. Shuman, John Rogers Shuman, and Mary Shuman Okie as beneficiaries. There is also a small personal correspondence file, correspondents including Harriet G. and Archie Walker and Clara Wheeler.
Files on the administration of Susan's estate (1951-1959) include estate tax returns and information about the estate's income tax problems; information about bequests made in Susan's will; probate court accounts and documents; and various miscellaneous financial statements. Jesse W. Shuman, Archie D. Walker, and the Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis served as co-executors. There is a service agreement between Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) and Archie D. Walker and Jesse W. Shuman (1954); statements of estate-related trusts and the Archie D. Walker and Jesse W. Shuman Agency; and a considerable amount of correspondence with Minneapolis attorney Josiah E. Brill and with Northwestern National Bank trust officials. Other correspondents include Archie, Brooks, and Theodore Walker; Jesse W. and John Rogers Shuman; Dana C. Smith; California and Minnesota tax officials; R. A. Colgan, Jr., of SHAFCO; and Allen L. Chickering , Jr., of Chickering & Gregory San Francisco attorneys.
Location Box
Brass building, 1946-1949.
Brill, Josiah E., 1944-1949.
Film Building, 1947-1949.
Location Box
General journal, Nov. 20, 1931-Dec. 31, 1934.
Location Box
Receipts and disbursements, 1935-1951. 2 folders.
Statements, 1939-1943.
Miscellany, 1945-1950.
First National Bank of Minneapolis, 1949-1952.
General file, 1944-1951.
Income taxes, 1935-1947.
Music building, 1946-1949.
Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1944-1951.
Location Box
Personal correspondence (miscellaneous), undated and 1888-1904.
Special Agency #5010543, 1949-1951. (Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis).
Wills, 1947-1951.
Probate court documents, 1951-1953.

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This section includes news clippings, income tax information, correspondence and miscellaneous papers, photos, and other materials relating to T. B. Walker's daughter Julia, to her husband Ernest F. Smith, and to their children. There is also some information relating to the Hennepin Lumber Comany, to Smith & Son Company (Minneapolis), and to Smith & Sons Investment Company (San Marino, California) and its predecessor organizations. The bulk of the information in these papers is of a personal nature; there appears to be little related to the Red River Lumber Company or to other Walker business interests.

An additional increment (ca.2.5 cu. ft.) of Julia Walker Smith Papers is anticipated at some future date, including personal correspondence of Julia, Ernest, and their children; photocopies of photographs of the Smiths (original photos to be retained by the donor), and assorted miscellaneous photos, books, academic materials, and other items.

The bulk of Julia W. Smith's papers consist of personal correspondence and miscellany, relating primarily to family activities. News clippings, income tax information, and some photographs are also present. There is some information about her brother Leon's fatal illness (1887), and some material concerning the Bethany Home Association (1917). Correspondents include Ernest F., Dana, Hulet, and Walker Smith; T. B., Harriet G., Leon, Harriet H., Fletcher, and Archie Walker; and Julia's uncle (Harriet G. Walker's brother) Marshal F. Hulet.



Income Taxes, 1918, 1929-1932

Personal Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, undated and 1879-1936

Photos, undated and 1872

Julia W. Smith Family Members' Papers:

Ernest F. Smith:
Ernest F. Smith materials include correspondence with Julia and with T. B. Walker.
Location Box
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, 1893, 1919-1927.
Taxes, 1933-1936.
Dana C. Smith:
The Dana C. Smith files include a Cornell University report card (1917/1918), an honorable discharge from the United States Army (1918), and clippings announcing Dana's marriage to Rosamond DuBois Hagen (1921). There is also correspondence with Julia and with Walker Smith.
Dana worked during 1920 and 1921 as an "attorney clerk" in the RRLC office at Minneapolis, where he apparently dealt with miscellaneous legal, real estate, contract, and accounting matters (see Smith Letterpress Book, RRLC Records, Box 19); in 1931 he was an attorney in the company's legal department. As a Pasadena-area attorney, Dana was frequently consulted and retained by the RRLC until its dissolution. Dana also served as secretary of the Arthur P. Smith Company in 1924; as treasurer of the Lumbermens Finance Corporation, ca. 1924; and was involved with his father and his brothers Hulet and Walker in Smith & Sons, Inc. (Pasadena), and in Smith & Sons Investment Company and its predecessors (ca. 1925-ca. 1957).
Location Box
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, 1918-1921.
Dietrich C. Smith [apparently father of E. F. Smith]:
Location Box
50th Wedding Anniversary Booklet, 1913.
Hulet P. Smith:
Hulet P. Smith materials (1 folder) consist largely of correspondence with his parents and his wife. Hulet graduated from Princeton University in 1922. He was vice president and assistant secretary of the Lumbermens Finance Corporation in 1927; he was also involved in the affairs of the Arthur P. Smith Company.
Location Box
Personal Correspondence, undated and 1918.
Justin V. Smith:
The Justin V. Smith files include correspondence and miscellaneous papers relating to the Installment Mortgage Company (a successor to the Lumbermen's Finance Corporation), the Hennepin Lumber Company, and Smith & Son Company. There are news clippings related to Justin's 1926 marriage to Eleanor[a?] Keatinge, and some miscellaneous information about family finances.
Justin attended Princeton University in 1924 and 1925, and later studied in England at Cambridge University. He served as assistant secretary of the RRLC beginning in 1936. He apparently was also president of the Hennepin Lumber Company in the 1930s, and he was secretary of Barlow Realty Company, the Pacific Investment Company, and the Walker-Pence Company in the 1940s. Justin served as secretary and treasurer of the Foote Lumber and Coal Company (Minneapolis) ca.1936; as president of the Kicherer Motor Company (Minneapolis) ca.1939; as president of the Mary Place Realty Company, a Minneapolis real estate holding company subsidiary of the Pacific Investment Company, ca.1939; as vice president and treasurer of the Minneapolis Central City Market Company ca.1936; and as secretary (ca.1951) and a trustee of the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc. Justin made his home in Minneapolis. His widow is in 1988 married to his brother, Dana C. Smith.
Location Box
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, 1921-1926, 1941-1948.
Includes Installment Mortgage Company
Hennepin Lumber Company:
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, undated and 1923, 1946.
Taxes, 1935-1948.
Tenants Ledger, 1930-1937. 2 folders.
Hawthorne Apts.; Peoria Apts.
Smith & Son Company, 1934-1939.
Walker Smith:
Walker Smith materials include news clippings about his exploits as a member of the Cornell University track team (1916-1920). There is also correspondence with his parents, his brothers Hulet and Justin, and T. B. and Harriet G. Walker. Miscellaneous papers include a Cornell University report card (1919); a War Chest of Minneapolis and Hennepin County payment coupon book; a news clipping announcing Walker's marriage to Marguerite ("Marge") Billheimer; and information about Walker's World War I service as an ambulance driver in France with the American Ambulance Field Service. MHS anticipates receiving Walker's "war journal," additional photos and news clippings related to his war experiences, and about 4 inches of letters written to his parents while in France.
Walker Smith served as a liquidating trustee of the Red River Lumber Company (ca. 1948-ca. 1958). He was also involved in Smith & Sons Investment Company and its predecessors, and was a director (ca. 1951) and secretary of Shasta Forests Company (ca. 1947-ca. 1951).
Athletic Clippings, 1916-1920.
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, undated and 1915-1923.

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This section includes personal correspondence and miscellany, photos, newspaper clippings, and other materials relating to T. B. Walker's younger daughter and to her husband, the Reverend Frederick O. Holman, a Methodist minister. They contain little if any information relating to the Walker business interests; there is no evidence that Harriet took an active part in business affairs. The papers were assembled by the cataloger from unorganized miscellany.

Harriet's papers include newspaper clippings, photos, scrapbooks of trade cards, and miscellaneous personal papers, including information about the Young Peoples' Society of Christian Endeavor, at the Hennepin Avenue Church. The bulk of the material consists of Harriet's letters to her parents in which she describes the couple's travels in Utah, Arizona, and other places, and their illnesses and general health. In addition to tuberculosis, Holman apparently suffered from asthma, and also complained of something wrong with his throat; Harriet suffered from her own ailments, including headaches, colds, digestive trouble, and general weakness. Hariet's letters document Holman's failing health, and his final trip back to Minneapolis to die. Letters after 1897 concern her own travels, including trips to St. Louis, to Europe, and finally to California, and describe her activities and illnesses. Correspondents, besides her parents, include Julia Walker Smith ("Coquie"), Fletcher L. Walker, and Eugene M. Stevens (Minneapolis).


Location Box
Undated and 1893-1904.

Personal Letters

Location Box
Undated and 1883-1885.
1890-1904.4 folders.

Personal Papers (Miscellaneous)

Location Box
Undated and 1888-1890, 1904.


Location Box

Scrapbooks of Trade Cards, etc.

Location Box

Frederick O. Holman Papers

The Fred Holman materials include a file of correspondence with St. Paul attorney S. C. Biggs, a member of the First M. E. Church, St. Paul (one of Holman's former parishes), in which Biggs complains of allegedly slanderous remarks made about him by Holman to others in the congregation. There are also newspaper clippings; a journal kept by Holman on an 1890 tour of the Holy Land; and two portraits of Holman. There is a file of personal letters, primarily to T. B. and Harriet G. Walker (addressed as "Mater," "Mori," "Mrs. Ma"), describing the couple's Southwestern travels. In these letters Holman complains of rheumatism, "sensitive" lungs, acute indigestion, and chronic coughing. There is also some discussion about Hennepin Avenue Church politics after Holman's departure.
A file of Holman's political writings includes the tracts "The Present Crisis" (1896) and "The Christian and His Ballot." Holman was a Republican, and a staunch opponent of William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 presidential election. A file of sermons and religious writings includes a series of Holman's "Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity," a tract on Christian Science; a copy of a sermon given at Salt Lake City; typewritten prayers; and fragments of texts and unidentified manuscripts with religious themes.
Location Box
S. C. Biggs correspondence, 1890-1891.
Clippings, undated and 1892-1897.
Funeral, eulogies, etc., 1897.
Journal No. 1 (Holy Land Tour), 1890.
Letterpress book pages (misc. unidentified), 1892-1894.
Personal letters, undated and 1894-1897. 3 folders.
Photo: Portrait of F. O. Holman, undated.
Political writings, 1892-[ca.1896?].
Sermons and religious writings, undated and 1890-1896.
Location Box
Portrait of F. O. Holman, undated.

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The Fletcher L. Walker Papers consist primarily of business correspondence, which largely relates to Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) milling operations and machinery at both its Akeley and Westwood plants. There is also some personal correspondence and a few miscellaneous subject files. These are Minneapolis office files (by 1912 Fletcher was located at what would become Westwood), and doubtless represent only a small portion of his business papers.


Location Box
Letters to Akeley, 1908. 1 folder.
Letters to Akeley consist of a single surviving file of carbon copies of Fletcher Walker's outgoing letters (apparently written at Minneapolis) to the RRLC office at Akeley; some of the letters are addressed to R. Ford Pray, the company's resident manager. The letters are primarily concerned with lumber mill operations and equipment. There is information concerning such topics as a box factory blower system, new columns for the vertical five-foot resaw, and the company's purchase of a 20 x 30 x 24 Porter-Allen engine. The letters also discuss such routine matters as lumber pricing and insurance on the mill.
Correspondence with Minneapolis:
Correspondence with Minneapolis provides information about the construction in the northeastern California wilderness of the mill and town at Westwood (1912-1913), area logging operations, the cutting of the first lumber at Westwood (October 1, 1912), plant operations and equipment, lumber sales and shipment, the construction of a rail line toward Westwood by the Southern Pacific (ca. 1912-1913), the construction and maintenance of spur lines, and innovations in technology and equipment at the Westwood mill. There is information about the Walker-owned Goodrich and Home ranches in northeastern California; a 1916 visit by Fletcher to a Shevlin-Hixon lumber milling complex; and a 1933 debate with his brother Archie over whether to allow alcohol in Westwood (Fletcher opposed the idea). Other letters relate to RRLC's Bella Vista mill and factory and its Terry mill, both in Shasta County. There is some discussion concerning a 1937 suggestion by Fletcher that the company construct two additional sawmills in the Shingletown (California) area.
The Correspondence documents the RRLC's efforts to survive the 1930s depression, and includes Fletcher's arguments against selling the Westwood plant to the David J. Winton interests, as well as information about the 1933 management shakeup wherein Archie Walker replaced his brother Willis as president of the company in an effort to placate the Walker's bankers. One of Fletcher's letters is written on the reverse side of a 1916 issue of The Pine Tree (Vol. 1, No. 17), which was published at Westwood. This may be the only example of this newsletter or newspaper extant in the collection. Many of the letters are handwritten, with Fletcher's poor spelling, and are difficult to read. There is a 1942-1945 gap in the correspondence with Minneapolis, which recurs in several other sections of the Walker Papers. Correspondents include T. B., Gilbert, Clinton, and Archie Walker.
Also present is some personal correspondence between Fletcher and his parents; family photographs; and subject files, among them one containing information about the 1929 death of Fletcher Jr. in an airplane crash at Westwood.
1912-1926. 23 folders.
Location Box
1927-1937. 20 folders.
Location Box
1938-1941. 10 folders.
Personal Correspondence:
Harriet G. Walker, undated and 1888, 1908-1916.
T. B. Walker, undated and 1883-1888, 1910-1917.
Miscellaneous, 1909-1925.
Correspondence (miscellaneous), 1890-1912, 1943-1946.

Subject Files

Location Box
Fletcher Jr. death, 1929.
Photo negatives (miscellaneous), undated [ca. 1920?]
Photos, undated.
Yacht, 1894.
Miscellany, 1914.

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The Willis J. Walker papers consist largely of correspondence relating to Willis' executive oversight of Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) affairs, particularly the company finances and its operation at Westwood, California. Included also are some information about certain of the other Walker business interests, the T. B. Walker Foundation, and the art gallery. There are some subject files related to Willis' personal affairs and the execution of his estate.

With the exception of the letterpress books, these are not actually Willis' own papers, but are instead files that were assembled by and kept in the Minneapolis office of RRLC; they consist primarily of material sent to Minneapolis by Willis after his move to San Francisco in 1915. Mrs. Mc Cannel has indicated that, to her knowledge, Willis' own papers are not longer in existance.

The papers have been divided into two series: Business Correspondence (letterpress and foldered correspondence) and Subject Files. The letterpress books contain copies of Willis' outgoing letters written at Minneapolis both before his move to San Francisco and periodically afterwards, while on visits to the Minneapolis office. The foldered correspondence consists mostly of Willis' original letters to Minneapolis; carbon copies of Minneapolis' letters to Willis in San Francisco; and carbons sent to various members of the Walker family. The earliest of these letters (1899-1915) were assembled by the cataloger from random miscellany; the greater part of the business correspondence (1916-1941) was found intact and in relatively good order. The subject files are composed of correspondence and miscellaneous papers relating to some of Willis' personal business activities and investments, and to the execution of his estate.

Business Correspondence

Letterpress Books:
The letterpress books begin with three volumes of letters documenting Willis' efforts to collect outstanding debts owed to the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company by farm implement dealers and others (1897-1907). Willis acted as trustee for T. B. Walker, who had gained control of collateral (including machinery and accounts receivable) put up by the company when it borrowed money from him that it was unable to repay. The volumes also document the sales of harvesters, binders, and mowers and the servicing of customers' machines. (The papers of Ell Torrance, also at the Minnesota Historical Society, also contain more information about the Walkers' involvement in the affairs of this company.)
The remaining eight volumes of letters (1908-1925) were written by Willis as a vice president of the RRLC, and concern his administraiton and supervision of routine logging and milling operations in both Minnesota and in California; real estate purchases and sales; and RRLC finances, accounting, and bookkeeping. The letters document the winding-down of operations at Akeley and the shift of activity to Westwood, which was taking place around 1914. Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company and Thompson Wagon Company letters are also included in the volumes. No post-1925 letterpress books are known to exist.
In addition to those authored by Willis, numerous letters contained in the volumes are signed by RRLC accountannt Reuben H. Adams. Persons receiving letters include George W. Esterly, president (to ca. 1894) of the Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Company; Ell Torrance (Minneapolis), attorney for A. M. Allen, vice president and treasurer of the Harvester Company and its assignee in bankruptcy after 1894; Frank J. Kline; the Flour City National Bank (Minneapolis); and banks, collection agencies, and dealers in hardware and agricultural implements throughout the Midwest.
Recipients of Willis' RRLC letters include his father and his brothers, particularly Clinton; Oliver W. Barnes; the RRLC offices at Akeley, Chicago, Westwood, and San Francisco; H. T. Fall, manager of the Chicago office; R. L Hovey (San Francisco); A. E. Bolton (San Francisco), an attorney for T. B. Walker; Ellisworth G. Scammon; R. G. Brooks (Susanville, California); Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji, Minnesota); and various county trearurers and registers of deeds, particularly in Minnesota.
Location Box
May 25, 1897-Aug. 8, 1897.
July 11, 1898-May 21, 1900.
May 21, 1900-Oct. 28, 1907.
Location Box
Dec. 17, 1908-July 20, 1910.
Aug. 1, 1910-Sept. 28, 1911.
Sept. 29, 1911-Oct. 31, 1912.
Oct. 31, 1912-Jan. 10, 1914.
Jan. 10, 1914-March 29, 1915.
March 30, 1915-Jan. 19, 1917.
Jan. 19, 1917-Oct. 15, 1919.
Oct. 14, 1919-June 19, 1925.
Foldered Correspondence:
The business correspondece consists primarily of letters exchanged between Archie D. Walker at the RRLC Minneapolis office and Willis at the San Francisco office (after 1915). There are also carbon copies of Willis' letters to bankers, to lumbermen, and to other RRLC officials. The correspondence is mostly concerned with the routine company operational and financial matters overseen by Willis.
The earlier files (1899-1915) primarily relate to RRLC activities in Minnesota; a few letters concern company activities in California. Many of these letters were written by Willis at Minneapolis to T. B. Walker on occassions when the elder Walker was away from home. There are also letters to Willis' brother Gilbert (RRLC vice president, ca. 1887-1928); letters from land companies and from parties inquiring about cutover Minnesota lands for sale; and correspondence with R. Ford Pray. This early correspondence focuses on Minnesota logging operations; the sale of stumpage and cutover land; real estate taxes; and RRLC finances. A few letters contain information about preparations for the establishment of the Westwood mill (1913) and about operations there (ca. 1915). There is also come discussion about Walker and Akeley partnership matters.
The bulk of the business correspondence (1916-1941) relates to the operation and management of the Westwood mill and to RRLC financial matters, and is composed of letters originating at or sent to San Francisco. Although there are many exchanges of letters between Willis and Archie, most of this material conists of copies of Willis' letters to others, particularly to his brother Fletcher as RRLC treasurer, and to Fletcher's sons Theodore (resident manager at Westwood in the 1930s; vice president and manager of RRLC's lumber division, ca. 1936-ca. 1942) and Kenneth (RRLC secretary, 1933-ca. 1942). There are carbons of letters to other family members; to officials of various railroad companies; to assorted lumbermen and lumber companies (including Long Bell, McCloud, and Pickering lumber companies, the New Mexico Lumber and Timber Company, and the Fruit Growers Supply Compay); and to backers and financial backers in San Francisco, New York, and Minneapolis.
This post-1915 business correspondence centers on the operation and management of the plant at Westwood; certain RRLC personnel matters; milling machinery and equipment; and developments and technologies in lumber milling and manufacturing. Ther are letters discussing the construction of railroad lines in the Westwood area; the operation of the RRLC's various branch offices and lumber yards; and lumber prices, marketing, sales, and shipping. A major portion of the material relates to company finances, particularly to difficulties it experienced during the 1930s. A few scattered letters concern the art collection and gallery. There is also some information about several smalller California mills owned and/or operated by the Walkers.
The labor organizational activity and unrest that occurred at Westwood in 1937-1939 is only sparsely documented. There is some information about the 4Ls (Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen) labor organization, the Westwood chapter of which was established in 1933. (See the Red River Lumber Company Records for the main body of labor-related data.)
Although Willis J. Walker lived until 1943, there is no correspondence after 1941. Very little material is present for certian other years as well, especially 1915, 1918, 1930, and 1932.
The 1925, 1931, and 1933 files originally were labelled "Red River Lumber Company--San Francisco," but since they seemed substantively identical to the other business correspondence files (originally labled "Willis J. Walker") the cataloger integrated them into a single series. The 1927 file contains some photocopes of original documetns retained by the Walker Art Center Library when it donated other correspondence in 1987.
The documents within each folder are in reverse chronological order.
Location Box
Location Box
Location Box

Subject Files:

This series consists of several folders of correspondence and miscellaneous papers relating to some of Willis' business activities and investments, and to the excution of his estate. As is the case with the business correspondence, these are Minneapolis office files.
There is a file containing correspondence, memoranda, estimates, invoices, and a floor framing plan regarding an apartment building which Willis proposed to build at 1801-15 Lyndale Avenue, Minneapolis. Construction was apparently begun but soon halted. A file of correspondence, invoices, and "memoranda of scale," reports documentes an apparently routine northern Minnesota logging operation carried out by the Olson Bros. (logging contractors). Other files concern miscellaneous corporate and property interests; there is also some personal correspondence and family photographs.
A file of corespondence and miscellaneous papers relates to the execution of the Willis J. Walker estates. This file was kept by Archie D. Walker, and consists largely of his correspondence with Chester E. Priest, manager of the estate; Alma Brooks Walker as executrix; Leon B. Walker; and William Beatty Writght and Verne-Marie Freeman, San Francisco attorneys. The file contains information about Alma and Leon's involvement in T. B. Walker Foundation affairs, including the foundation's legal action against Kenneth R. Walker (ca. 1948); art gallery materials; the Willis Walker Family Agencies; the Four Walkers; and the Canby Railroad Company.
There is a file of miscellaneous correspondence (1904-1923) of Alma B. Walker, some relating to bookkeeping and accounting matters, others to one or more cottages at Lake Minnetonka owned by the Willis Walkers and/or by Alma's mother. In some of the letters, Alma discusses such subjects as linen, china, rugs, and domestic help; other letters report activities of various family members. There is also a copy of Alma's obituary (1981). Another folder contains three of Leon B. Walker's personal letters (1904-1915), two of which (typewritten transcripts) were written when he was a young child.
Location Box
149.B.11.6F 5
Apartment Building at Lyndale and Summit (Minneapolis), 1919-1920.
See also flat-filed item, following.
California, Shasta and Eastern Railway Company, 1933.
Day book (property accounts), 1919-1934.
Of Willis J. Walker and Clinton L. Walker.
Minneapolis Esterly Harvester Co., 1900.
Northeastern Railway Company, 1900.
Olson Bros. (logging contractors), 1899-1901.
Miscellaneous files, 1884-1938.(7 files)
Estate, 1947-1952.
Personal correspondence, undated ad 1884-1925.
Photos, undated and 1901.
Estate, 1947-1952.
Miscellany, undated and 1902-1938.

Willis J. Walker Family Members' Papers:

Location Box
Alma B. Walker:
Correspondence, undated and 1904-1923.
Obituary, 1981.
Leon B. Walker:
Personal letters, undated and 1904-1915.

Item Flat Filed

Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 1
"1/2 Typical Floor Framing Plan, Willis Walker Apartment Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota," [ca. 1919]. Architectural drawing.
From Willis J. Walker subject files: Apartment building at Lyndale and Summit.

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The Clinton L. Walker Papers are composed primarily of general correspondence (foldered files and a letterpress book), which relates mostly to Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) business matters and to Clinton's work as an inventor. Most of it consists of carbon copies and original letters passed among Clinton, his brothers, and their father. There is also a good deal of correspondence with attorneys and automobile components manufacturers in regard to some of Clinton's automotive and other mechanical inventions. The series includes some personal correspondence and some subject files, together with a very small amount of his wife's and his son's correspondence.

The Clinton L. Walker section is an artificial creation of the cataloger; its original organizational structure appeared to have been destroyed by Walker biographer Clara Nelson. It is composed both of Clinton's own papers and of files kept under his name at the Minneapolis office of the Red River Lumber Company. All of the material is in reverse chronological order, except for Clinton's personal correspondence, which is in regular chronological order.

Some folded maps and schematic drawings that were found in various files have been removed, unfolded, and flat-filed. Others have been left folded in their original locations, where it seemed particularly important to potential researchers to do so.

General Correspondence

Location Box
Letterpress book, Jan. 21, 1901-Aug. 3, 1906.
This volume contains business letters of both the RRLC and the Walker & Akeley partnership, written by Clinton and by RRLC clerk John S. Grist. They primarily concern RRLC real estate matters in California, including land purchases and sales, the recording of deeds, abstracts of title and title questions, and the payment of real estate taxes. Other letters relate to Clinton's West Coast business travels (possibly timber cruises) on behalf of the company, and to routine accounting and bookkeeping matters.
The first 52 pages of the volume contain letters written primarily by Clinton; Grist is the author of most of the remaining letters (pp. 53-568). Clinton's letters seem to have been written at Piedmont, while many of Grist's were written at Minneapolis. Other authors include Willis and Gilbert Walker. Persons receiving letters include Grist (San Francisco), T. B. Walker, Frank J. Kline, Chester L. Hovey (San Francisco), H. D. Burroughs (Susanville, California), abstractor Carl R. Briggs (Redding, California), Edwin H. Janney (Susanville), and W. H. Taylor (receiver, U.S. General Land Office, Susanville).
Location Box
Foldered Correspondence:
The general correspondence may be thought of as falling into three distinct subseries, corresponding to three phases of Clinton's life and career: 1901-1913 (early years with T. B. Walker and the Red River Lumber Company); 1914-ca. 1929 (years spent mainly on inventions); and ca. 1930-1941 (years Clinton served as a RRLC vice president). Some of the years are well represented in the correspondence, while certain others are seriously under-represented or are not represented at all (especially 1937 and 1942-1944).
The first subseries stretches from just after Clinton's 1898 graduation from the University of Minnesota to his resignation from the RRLC (effective September 1, 1913). This correspondence relates primarily to Clinton's work for his father and the company, and is concerned with California land matters, particularly the examination and acquisition of timber and land, and the selection of a site for Westwood.
This early material documents Clinton's surveying and timber cruising expeditions, land examinations, and real estate purchases on behalf of the Walker interests. There are remarks about various tracts of timber, including information about their accessibility, species of trees present, and the quality of the stumpage, as well as discussions about forestry theories and practices. There is information about a company railroad survey (ca. 1905-ca. 1911) of which Clinton apparently had charge, and there are letters concerning the Crouch Ranch and other ranches owned by the RRLC. Some letters concern business deals with the Great Western Power Company. Family politics and infighting are evident in many places.
Many letters relate to Clinton's search for a suitable site for the new California sawmill. Clinton by 1913 advocated constructing the new mill at Susanville, and appears to have virtually promised it to that community. He felt considerably rebuffed when T. B. instead decided upon a nearby location then known as "Mountain Meadows" for the new plant and (dry) company town. This in large measure seems to have precipitated the falling-out between Clinton and his father and brothers. Other correspondence documents various aspects of construction and early operations at Westwood.
Frequent correspondents in this time period include T. B., Archie, Fletcher, and Willis Walker; Ellsworth G. Scammon (RRLC land commissioner and title examiner, ca.1915); timber cruiser Edwin H. Janney; officials of the Great Western [UNK] Company; San Francisco attorney Guy C. Earl; and S. O. Johnson, president of the S. S. Johnson Company (real estate and timber lands), Klamath Falls, Oregon.
The second subseries coincides with the fifteen years during which Clinton dissociated himself from the RRLC and worked on his own as an inventor. Letters from this period are primarily concerned with Clinton's various automobile-related inventions, with his real estate investments, and with various jobs which he performed from time to time for the company. Continued friction, particularly between Clinton and Willis, is evident in these letters as well.
Much of this material concerns a pneumatic starter motor for automobile engines manufactured by the Stewart-Warner Speedometer Corporation, Chicago, the manufacture of which Clinton alleged infringed upon a patent which he held. There is also correspondence related to some of Clinton's other inventions, including a "valve crank shaft," a "three-throw crank shaft," a piston, an automobile engine, and a "shield for grinding wheels") and his attempts to patent, manufacture, and market them.
There are letters relating to Clinton's personal real estate investments; to a ca.1923 cruising trip on behalf of the RRLC; and to his attempt to work out an exchange with the "Indian Department" (apparently the U.S. Indian Service in Roseburg, Oregon) of certain company-owned agricultural lands for certain timbered Indian allotment tracts.
Frequent correspondents in this time period include manufacturers and potential manufacturers of Clinton's inventions and devices, particularly the Stewart-Warner Speedometer Corp., with whom clinton continued to do business in spite of his allegations of patent infringement. There is much correspondence with various attorneys, including E. F. Thompson of Thompson, Moore & Clark, Chicago (represented Clinton against Stewart-Warner in the pneumatic starter matter); Charles E. Townsend, San Francisco patent attorney; and W. H. Spaulding, San Francisco (in regard to land matters). There is also correspondence with Pennsylvania lumberman E. S. Collins; with Charles E. Coe of the U.S. Indian Service, Roseburg, Oregon; with the Great Western Power Company; and with the Lassen Electric Company, Susanville.
The final subseries of general correspondence begins with Clinton's return to active involvement in RRLC affairs and primarily documents his activities as a company vice president. There is also some correspondence relating to his work as an inventor, and information about some of the other Walker companies and organizations.
Much of the correspondence is related to the financial crisis in which the RRLC found itself by 1933. There is considerable discussion about strategies considered and employed in an effort to keep the company afloat, including a major 1933 restructuring of the top management precipitated by Minneapolis and San Francisco banks to whom the Walkers owed substantial sums of money. Willis, whom the bankers reportedly considered a reckless manager, was removed from the presidency and replaced by his brother Archie, after a failed attempt by some of the bankers to install David Winton, son-in-law of Northwestern National Bank president Edward W. Decker. (For more information on this matter, see Section 10: Archie D. Walker: Business Correspondence and Section 11: Red River Lumber Company: Subject Files: Winton Report, 1933.)
There is frequent discussion about Walker family finances, particularly as they related to the solvency and the general financial condition of the RRLC. Clinton argued forcefully against any further investment in or expansion of the physical plant or operations at Westwood; in fact, he advocated the sale of both mill and townsite, maintaining that in order to make money the family should confine itself to the sale of timber land and stumpage. Clinton advocated the retirement of his brother Fletcher, and urged the liquidation of family-owned Minneapolis real estate and of the RRLC itself. There are also some letters concerning routine directors' and stockholders' meetings and affairs, and a few relating to the labor unrest at Westwood (1938 only; there is no 1937 general correspondence).
Some correspondence relates to more of Clinton's inventions and his attempts to interest various companies in manufacturing them, although these letters become much less frequent after 1931. Inventions mentioned in the early 1930s include an "aviation motor," pistons, a three-cylinder engine, and a five-cylinder engine.
Finally, there is some information about some of the other Walker companies and organizations, including the Pacific Investment Company, the Barlow Realty Company, the Waland Lumber Company, the Foote Lumber and Coal Company, and the T. B. Walker Foundation.
The bulk of the general correspondence from this most recent period is with Archie Walker, although there is some with Willis and Fletcher. Other correspondents include the Waukesha Motor Company, Waukesha, Wisconson; the Western Pacific Railroad Company, San Francisco; Stewart-Warner Speedometer Corp.; General Motors Corp.; and attorneys Cleveland R. Wright and Robert E. Hatch, both of San Francisco.
Location Box
Location Box
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Personal Correspondence

The personal correspondence consists primarily of letters exchanged between Clinton and various family members, and is concerned with family matters, RRLC affairs, Clinton's inventing work and inventions, and some of his other personal interests and activities. The series was assembled by the cataloger from unorganized miscellany. Items within each folder are in chronological order.
The series consists primarily of letters exchanged between Clinton (also addressed as "Culley," "Cid," and "Cap") and his father T. B. Walker (sometimes referred to as "The Chief"); his mother Harriet G. Walker; his brother Archie (addressed also as "Waddie" and "Keg"); and his sister Julia Walker Smith. There is also correspondence with his wife Della, his daughter Harriet, and his son Brooks. Some letters are exchanged between Clinton and Willette Allen, an aspiring ballet dancer and apparently a relative or family friend (she usually addresses Clinton as "Daddy Long Legs").
The bulk of personal correspondence concerns family matters, including Archie's engagement (1906) to Bertha Hudson; the birth of Archie and Bertha's son Hudson; and the birth of Clinton's grandson, Brooks Jr. Clinton's mother comments about various relatives, and T. B. reports on her failing condition a few days prior to her January 1917 death. Interspersed at various places are candid observations about the aging T. B., including comments about his deteriorating state of mind, his preoccupation with the construction of his new art gallery building adjacent to his Lowry Hill mansion, and his fretting about his fortune and continual rewriting of his will. A letter from Clinton D. Avery, T. B.'s personal secretary, outlines The Chief's typical daily routine in 1925.
Some letters touch on RRLC matters, particularly the interrelationship between company and family finances, and on Clinton's 1913 decision to leave the company. Other letters concern Clinton's inventions; his attempt to join the U.S. Army (1917); and his investment in motion picture making (1928).
Location Box
Undated and 1892-1917.
Undated and 1918-1932.

Subject Files

This series includes correspondence, legal documents, and miscellaneous papers relating to some of Clinton's business, professional, and personal interests and activities. Only a few of these files concern the RRLC. They were assembled by the cataloger out of disorganized miscellany; an attempt was made to replicate so far as possible the original subject groupings.
Subjects represented include Clinton's business dealings with the Great Western Power Company, among them the sale of real estate parcels to the company (see also Clinton's general correspondence files, 1913-1917); Clinton's work as an inventor, and some of his inventions; including a piston, "crank shaft for V-type engines," "poppet valve structure," and "pneumatic starting mechanism for automobiles"; Clinton's personal real estate investments, including correspondence, maps, legal documents, statements, and miscellaneous papers; his involvement in RRLC affairs, primarily financial and real estate matters; and litigation surrounding the manufacture of the disputed pneumatic starter by the Stewart-Warner Speedometar Corp. (legal documents, correspondence, and miscellaneous papers). The latter includes documents related to a lawsuit by Clinton against Edward J. Pennypacker.
The series also includes a file of personal memorabilia such as an athletic club membership certificate, personal medical data, and newspaper clippings, and a file of documents relative to the Hennepin Lumber Company
At the end of the series is a file of information concerning the Clinton L. Walker estate (1947). It includes letters which Archie D. Walker and Justin V. Smith exchanged with San Francisco attorney Allen L. Chickering, Jr., regarding the disposition of stock originally held by Clinton in various Walker businesses; there is also a decree of final distribution. This file was kept by Archie, in Minneapolis.
Location Box
CLW in account with RRLC, 1909-1912.
CLW in account with TBW, 1908-1910.
CLW's personal account with RRLC, 1906-1916.
Miscellaneous, undated and 1906-1932.
See also: Day book (property accounts), 1919-1934 of Willis J. Walker and Clinton L. Walker; listed with Willis Walker Papers.
Agricultural aviation activities, 1929.
Claremont Pines (Oakland, California) map, 1927.
Forestry: Light burning, 1910, 1938.
Great Western Power Company, undated and 1913-1917.
Hennepin Lumber Company, 1935.
Inventions, undated and 1914-1932.
Lake Tahoe, 1927-1931.
Ledger ("1915"), 1906-1911.
Litigation, 1930.
Nevada Sulphur Company, 1920.
Personal items, undated and 1907-1929.
Location Box
Photos, undated and 1895-1910.
Power Timber Company, 1920.
Real estate, undated and 1904-1932.
Red River Lumber Company, 1908-1936.
Stewart-Warner Speedometer Corp., 1915-1920.
Sunny Jim Mine, 1908.
University of Minnesota School of Mines graduates, 1918-1919.
Estate, 1947.
Miscellany, 1919-1926.

Clinton Walker Family Members' Papers

Della B. Walker, 1907-1954.1 folder.
There is a small amount of miscellaneous business and personal correspondence of Clinton's wife Della, largely kept by Archie D. Walker in a file under Della's name. Most of the correspondence consists of letters exchanged between Della in Piedmont (later in Carmel), California, and Archie in Minneapolis, and is concerned with routine family business matters. There is discussion about the T. B. Walker Foundation (Della was a trustee, ca. 1951), the Walker Art Center, and the Walker Methodist Home. Also included is some information about the Walker Associates family partnership, and a discussion about a proposed fund to provide for perpetual maintenance of the Walker family burial plot at Lakewood Cemetery in Minneapolis. There are a few personal letters between Archie and Della as well.
Location Box
Miscellaneous Correspondence, undated and 1907-1954.
Brooks Walker, 1925-1932, 1984.2 folders.
There is a small amount of material relating to Clinton and Della's son Brooks, who worked with his father as an inventor (ca.1930), served as a trustee of both the T. B. Walker Foundation (1938) and the Walker Art Center, and for 24 years was president of Shasta Forests Company, Redding, California. This material includes a clipping announcing the marriage of Brooks and his wife Marjory (ca.1927?) and Brooks' obituary (1984). Some miscellaneous letters sent or received mainly concern routine matters; writers and addressees include his parents, T. B. Walker, the assistant manager of a Detroit hotel, and his dentist.
Location Box
Miscellaneous Correspondence and Papers, 1925-1932.
Obituary, 1984.
Box is shared with Willis J. Walker files.

Items Flat-Filed

Folder 1.
Topographic map with tracts colored in, vicinity of Burney Mtn., in California. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker general correspondence, Nov. 4, 1940.
"Map of California Showing Generalized Classification of Land with regard to Oil Possibilities, by Lawrence Vander Leck." Annotated. July 1921. From Clinton L. Walker general correspondence, July 2, 1930.
"E. Brake Operating Clutch." Blueprint schematic drawing. Dec. 21, 1930. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"Scenic Highlands, Oakland, Alameda County, California." Annotated blueprint map. 1926. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"Ptn. of Piedmont Hgts., Highland Manor, Resub. of Blk. 11 Highland Manor, Scenic Highlands." Annotated plat map. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"LeRoy Tract, McMahon vs. Pryal, Subdivision of Kellersberger's Plot 72." Annotated plat map. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
Unidentified annotated plat map showing "The Heights" and Joaquin Miller Park and vicinity [Oakland, California?]. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"Piedmont Properties for sale by Wickham Havens Incorporated," Oakland, California annotated plat map incl. area of CLW's residence. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"Map of Oakland Harbor and properties of the Oakland Water Front Company, Pacific Improvement Company,... for Sale or Lease by E. C. Sessions." Annotated plat map. Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
"Detail of 3 1/8" Chrysler Sleeve Type Piston, Clinton L. Walker, Piedmont Calif." Blueprint schematic drawing. April 14, 1931. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
Annotated blueprint topographic map showing part of eastern shore of Lake Tahoe (Nevada), vicinity of Marlette Lake, Snow Valley Peak, and Skunk Harbor (T15N, R18E). Undated. From Clinton L. Walker Papers miscellany.
Annotated map of Oakland, California, 1905.

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The Archie D. Walker papers consist primarily of his business correspondence as Minneapolis-based secretary (1908-1933) and president (1933-ca. 1956) of the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC). The bulk of the material dates from ca.1935 to ca.1950, encompassing, and documenting to varying degrees, the 1930s depression; a major shake-up of RRLC management; labor strife and organization at the company town of Westwood, California; the deaths of Willis J. and Clinton L. Walker; the 1944 sale of the Westwood mill and townsite to the Fruit Growers Supply Company; the liquidation of the company; and intra-family politics, disputes, and litigation. Except for the letterpress books, a consistent three-year gap (ca. 1942-1944) occurs throughout the papers.

The correspondence consists mostly of Archie's letterpress books as RRLC secretary and president; carbon copies of outgoing letters to T. B. Walker and to Archie's brothers and nephews on the West Coast; letters received at the Minneapolis office from these individuals and from others; and carbons of letters exchanged between the various Walkers. Some of the material predates Archie's appointment as a company officer. While the bulk of the material is concerned with company operations, some relates to other Walker companies, business concerns, investments, and various family matters. There is also a small amount of personal correspondence and subject files.

The Archie D. Walker papers are divided into a number of series, most of which reflect their original organization in the corporate offices: Business Correspondence; "General File"; Walker Correspondence (Archie's correspondence with other family members); Smith Correspondence (Archie's correspondence with his sister Julia and her family); Subject Files; "Personal File"; and Personal Letters to Family.

There are also 3.5 cubic feet of correspondence and subject files created by Archie's wife Bertha and their children, and by daughter-in-law Ione Avery Gaul (Mrs. Hudson D.) Walker.

The business files have been left in their original reverse chronological order. Most of the personal materials are in regular chronological order. Some folded maps and drawings that were found in various files have been removed, flat-filed, and listed separately.

Business Correspondence

Letterpress Volumes:
Archie D. Walker's letterpress books document the day-to-day operation and management of the RRLC from the last years of milling at Akeley, Minnesota, through the start-up of operations at Westwood, to the sale of the company in 1944. The volumes also include intermingled business letters of more than 25 other organizations and Walker companies. Nearly all of the letters seem to have been written at the RRLC general offices in Minneapolis.
The books contain much that relates to routine company business operations, management, and finances; real estate purchases, leases, and sales; and logging and lumber milling operations in both Minnesota and California. Early volumes (1908-ca. 1924) highlight the winding-down of operations at Akeley (especially 1914-1917) and the sales of Minnesota cutover lands; the start-up of company operations at Westwood; Walker & Akeley business matters; litigation with the heirs of Healy C. Akeley; the emergence of the Paul Bunyan character in RRLC advertising and promotion (1920-1921); RRLC-Chicago operations, staffing, and bookkeeping (especially 1921-1924); and general office complaints to RRLC-Westwood about its accounting and bookkeeping practices and the quality of lumber produced in its mill.
Later volumes (ca. 1922-1940) document such matters as the construction of a building for the Minneapolis Theatre Company (1927-1928); T. B. Walker's art collection and his art gallery (1920s); the deaths of T. B. and his son Gilbert (both in 1928); and the efforts of the Walkers and of the RRLC to survive the Great Depression. The last letters (1940-1948) discuss the stimulation of company business by World War II; pose the question of whether the RRLC ought to be sold; and document the liquidation of the company.
Nearly all of the letters were written by Archie as secretary and president of the RRLC. There are many others, however, which he wrote as an officer of other Walker-controlled companies and of the several Minneapolis civic and cultural organizations to which he belonged.
Recipients of letters include the various RRLC offices; T. B. Walker and his half-brother Oliver W. Barnes; Archie's brothers, sister, nephews, and nieces; Frank J. Kline; R. Ford Pray (RRLC resident manager at Akeley and later at Westwood); RRLC-Chicago staff H. T. Fall (manager), Charles W. Bennett (bookkeeper), and Harry V. Scott (salesman); Walker attorneys John R. Van Derlip and Josiah E. Brill; relator Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji, Minnesota); H. C. Akeley's widow Florence, her new husband James P. Quirk, and her attorney Hugh V. Mercer; Harry E. Pence, president of the Walker-Pence Company; and the Great Northern Railway Company's secretary for iron ore properties, J. H. Gruber. There are also letters to various banks and financial services companies, including the First National Bank (San Francisco), the Central Hanover Bank & Trust Company (New York City), Bond & Goodwin (New York City, Boston, Chicago), and Thorpe Brothers (Minneapolis). In addition, there are letters to various lumber companies and lumbermen, including E. W. Backus, the Tozer Lumber Company, and the Weyerhaeuser interests.
Location Box
Dec. 18, 1908-Nov. 13, 1909.
Nov. 15, 1909-Nov. 3, 1910.
Nov. 3, 1910-July 11, 1911.
July 11, 1911-July 3, 1912.
July 5, 1912-March 24, 1913.
March 24, 1913-Aug. 22, 1913.
Aug. 22, 1913-Jan. 29, 1914.
Location Box
Jan. 29, 1914-July 2, 1914.
July 3, 1914-Nov. 3, 1914.
Nov. 3, 1914-Feb. 6, 1915.
Feb. 6, 1915-June 15, 1915.
June 15, 1915-Jan. 6, 1916.
Jan. 5, 1916-April 25, 1916.
April 25, 1916-Aug. 21, 1916.
Aug. 22, 1916-Jan. 29, 1917.
Location Box
Jan. 30, 1917-June 30, 1917.
July 2, 1917-Sept. 14, 1917.
Aug. 1, 1917-Nov. 30, 1917.
Nov. 30, 1917-March 20, 1918.
March 20, 1918-Aug. 19, 1918.
Aug. 19, 1918-Feb. 21, 1919.
Feb. 22, 1919-July 14, 1919.
Location Box
July 14, 1919-Feb. 5, 1920.
Feb. 5, 1920-June 21, 1920.
June 21, 1920-Dec. 15, 1920.
Dec. 15, 1920-Aug. 18, 1921.
Aug. 18, 1921-Dec. 31, 1921.
Jan. 3, 1922-Feb. 6, 1923.
Feb. 5, 1923-Sept. 22, 1923.
Location Box
Sept. 21, 1923-May 8, 1924.
May 9, 1924-Dec. 24, 1924.
Nov. 22, 1924-Nov. 25, 1925.
Nov. 25, 1925-Aug. 2, 1926.
Aug. 2, 1926-March 22, 1927.
March 22, 1927-Jan. 31, 1928.
Jan. 31, 1928-Sept. 25, 1928.
Sept. 27, 1928-April 5, 1929.
Location Box
April 5, 1929-Nov. 14, 1929.
Nov. 13, 1929-Aug. 8, 1930
Aug. 8, 1930-April 6, 1931.
April 10, 1931-Jan. 19, 1932.
Jan. 20, 1932-July 19, 1932.
July 20, 1932-Jan. 11, 1933.
Location Box
Jan. 12, 1933-Aug. 25, 1933.
Aug. 25, 1933-Jan. 5, 1934.
Jan. 6, 1934-Jan. 9, 1935.
Jan. 11, 1935-Dec. 12, 1935.
Incl. Hudson D. Walker, Nov. 24, 1933-Sept. 28, 1934.
Dec. 13, 1935-Sept. 4, 1936.
Sept. 23, 1936-May 1, 1937.
Location Box
May 1, 1937-Jan. 8, 1938.
Jan. 8, 1938-Sept. 6, 1938.
Sept. 7, 1938-May 31, 1939.
June 1, 1939-March 16, 1940.
March 18, 1940-March 7, 1941.
March 8, 1941-May 28, 1942.
May 28, 1942-Dec. 11, 1944.
Location Box
Dec. 12, 1944-Aug. 5, 1948.
Foldered Correspondence:
This series consists primarily of carbon copies of outgoing letters pertaining to routine RRLC operational and financial matters. Some of these letters will likely also be found in the letterpress volumes.
The letters focus on California logging; lumber milling at Westwood, and the operation of and improvements to the plant there; advertising, lumber merchandising, and sales; branch yard operations; staffing and personnel; the procurement of equipment; and miscellaneous litigation. Many letters relate to company financial matters, including accounts payable and receivable, investments, corporate borrowing, and taxes. There is information about real estate matters in northern Minnesota, California, Minneapolis, and Kansas City; the Westwood National Bank; labor organization at Westwood; and T. B. Walker's art collection and gallery. There are letters describing T. B.'s aging, and his failing health in the days leading up to his death in July, 1928. A number of letters relate to various of the Walkers' other business interests and investments. Interspersed throughout are letters containing bits of information of a more personal nature.
Letters after 1944 are primarily concerned with the management of the various family agencies [see Section 16: Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) Records for more information]; with the execution of deceased family members' estates; and with T. B. Walker Foundation matters, including the legal controversy surrounding profits made by Archie's nephew Kenneth R. Walker and his family on the sale of Agency 6 property (timber and/or timberlands) belonging to the foundation, a situation in which the foundation felt that Kenneth had been less than fair or candid and that it had suffered financial loss as a result.
Location Box
Undated and 1900-1909.
Location Box
Location Box
Location Box

"General File"

The "General File" consists of three alphabetical groupings of subject files, most of which reflect Archie D. Walker's personal interests and business affairs and those of his immediate family. Many of the materials relate to RRLC business and legal affairs, particularly the Josiah E. Brill files and Archie's letters to company directors. There is also information about some of the other Walker business organizations, including the Eighth Street Development Company, the Barlow Realty Company, and the Walker-Pence Company.
The papers concern such diverse topics as the education of Archie's children; hunting and fishing trips; the ordering of replacement bulbs for a movie projector; the origins of the Paul Bunyan character as an advertising device; and Archie's rock polishing hobby. There are also responses to social invitations, and personal letters to friends, business associates, and the children. Much of the material concerns Archie's personal investments and those of his wife and children. There is correspondence with several attorneys, including Brill and Archie's nephew Dana C. Smith, concerning family and business tax matters and various legal questions.
The Brill files contain a considerable amount of information regarding the 1944 sale of the Westwood plant and townsite to the Fruit Growers Supply Company and the liquidation of the RRLC. There is also information about several non-Walker companies of which Archie was a director and/or stockholder, including the Gulf Oil Corporation; General Securities, Inc., Minneapolis; Standard Oil Company; and Gamble-Skogmo, Inc., Minneapolis. Other letters document his activities as a trustee of Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, and as a member of the Minneapolis Public Library board of directors.
Two of the alphabetical groupings (A-W, 1936-1940 and A-W, 1936-1954) represent original runs of files; there is some overlapping of dates. The third grouping, constituting titled folders covering the years 1937-1957, consists of miscellaneous items assembled by the cataloger. Most documents are stamped "General File."
Location Box
"A"-"F", 1936-1940.
"G"-"L", 1937-1940.
"M", 1936-1940.
"N"-"V", 1936-1940.
"W", 1936-1940.
"A", 1937-1954.
"B"-"C", 1941-1954.
"D"-"G", 1941-1954.
"H"-"J", 1941-1954.
"K"-"M", 1939-1954.
"N"-"Q", 1941-1954.
"R"-"S", 1936-1954.
"T"-"V", 1941-1952.
"W", 1941-1952.
ADW reports, etc., 1941.
Brill (Josiah E.) correspondence:
1942-May 1944.
Location Box
June 1944-1954. 4 folders.
Eighth Street Development Company, 1940-1957.
Hilary Motors, 1937-1941.
Internal Revenue Dept.; Gas tax; etc.; 1937-1940.
Letters to RRLC directors, 1938-1941. 3 folders.
Minneapolis Public Library, 1937-1941, 1946-1956. 4 folders.
RRLC salary statements, Etc., 1937-1940.
Smith, Justin V.: Correspondence, 1939-1941.
Walker (correspondence and miscellaneous papers):
Archie D., Jr., 1941.
Bertha H., 1941.
Hudson D., 1941.
Philip H., 1941.
Stephen A., 1939-1945.
Walter W., 1941.
Walter W., Philip H., Archie D., Jr., Louise, 1942-1949.
Walker Defenbacher, Louise, 1941.
Location Box
United States Railroad Retirement Board, 1938-1952.
ADW certificates of service months and wages.
Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway Company.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1944-1947. 2 folders.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1947.
Estate of James C. Walker, 1947-1952. 2 folders.
Includes Lumberman Publishing Company.
Bertha H. Walker:
First National Bank of Minneapolis, 1949.
Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1949.
S. A. (Stephen A.), 1949-1952.
Walter W., 1949-1952.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1950.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1951.
Employees' state and federal reports and data, 1951-1962.
"T"-"Z," 1953-1954.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1953-1954.
Estate of James C. Walker, 1953.
McCannel, Louise W., 1953-1954.
Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1953.
Hudson D., 1953-1954.
Philip H., 1953-1954.
S. A., 1953.
Walter W., 1953-1954.
O-3. Andrus Thorpe Building, 1955.
O-19. Jones Nyquist Garage, 1955.
O-27. All Sports Building, 1955.
2221-2301 West Broadway.
O-34. 1119-1123 Hennepin Avenue, 1955.
"A"-"Z," 1955.
Arnao-Plank-Arnao (APA, Incorporated), 1955.
Barlow Stock gifts to children and grandchildren, 1955.
Bertha H. Walker: Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, 1955.
Brill, J. E., 1955.
Craig-Hallum, Inc., 1955.
Investment managers.
General file, 1955.
Hennepin Avenue Methodist Church Trust, 1955.
Information returns, 1955.
James C. Walker Trust, 1954-1958.
Lumberman Publishing Company, 1955.
McCannel, Louise W., 1955.
Pacific Investment Company: Miscellaneous papers, 1954.
Hudson D., 1955.
Philip H., 1955.
Stephen A., 1955.
Walter W., 1955.
Walker family letters, 1955.
O-3. Andrus Thorpe Building, 1956.
O-27. All Sports, Inc., 1956.
O-34. 1119-23 Hennepin, 1956.
"A"-"Z," 1956.
APA, 1956.
Carradan Associates, 1956.
Craig-Hallum, Inc., 1956.
Location Box
Ernst & Ernst, 1956.
Letters to family when away, 1956.
Information returns, 1956.
ADW and BHW.
Insurance, 1956.
Liquidating Trustee for Pacific Investment Company, 1956.
"Osfer file."
Lost certificates, 1956.
Greyhound Corporation stock certificates.
Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis:
Archie D. Walker, 1956.
Bertha H. Walker, 1956.
Archie D., Jr., 1956.
Hudson D., 1956.
Philip H., 1956.
Stephen A., 1956.
Walter W.:
Trustee, Northwestern National Bank, 1956.
O-27. All Sports, 1957.
O-34. 1119-1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1957.
"A"-"Z," 1957.
APA, 1957.
Craig-Hallum, Inc., 1957.
General file, 1957.
Insurance, 1957.
McCannel, Louise W., 1957.
Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis:
Archie D. Walker, 1957.
Bertha H. Walker, 1957.
Pacific Investment Company: ADW, liquidating trustee, 1957.
Hudson D., 1957.
Philip H., 1957.
Stephen A., 1957.
Walter W.:
Trustee, Northwestern National Bank, 1957.
Walker family letters, 1957.
O-34. 1119-23 Hennepin Avenue, 1958.
"A"-"Z," 1958.
Apache, 1958.
Craig-Hallum, Inc., 1958.
Ernest Buehler: Lost land, 1958.
Insurance, 1958.
McCannel, Louise W., 1958.
Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis:
Archie D. Walker, 1958.
Bertha H. Walker, 1958.
Red River loan, 1958.
Trust: Bertha H. Walker for Children, 1958.
Archie D., Jr., 1958.
Hudson D., 1958.
Philip H., 1958.
Stephen A., 1958.
Walter W.:
Trustee, 1958.
Walker family letters, 1958.
O-27. All Sports Property, 1959.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1959.
O-G. Alphabetical ("Letters not Filed by Subject"), 1956-1959.
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker, 1959.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1959.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1959.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1959.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1959.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, Inc., 1959.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1959.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1959.
O-G-N-2 N orthwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1959.
O-G-P-2. Pacific Investment Company, 1959.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1959.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1959.
O-G-W-1. Walter W. Walker, Trustee, 1959.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Home, 1959.
O-G-W-3. Walker, James C., Trust, 1959.
Includes Lumberman Publishing Company.
O-27. All Sports Property, 1960.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1960.
O-G. "A"-"W," 1960. 2 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker and letters to whole family, 1960.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1960.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1960.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1960.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1960.
O-G-F-6. Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1960.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, Inc., 1960.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Avenue Methodist Church: Permanent file, 1960.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1960.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1960.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1960.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1960.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1960.
Location Box
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1960.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Home, 1960. 2 folders
O-G-W-3. Walker, James C. Trust, 1960.
Including Lumberman Publishing Company.
O-27. All Sports property, 1961.
O-G. "A"-"Z," 1961. 2 folders
O-G-A-1. Auto license examination, 1961.
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker and letters to whole family, 1961.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1961.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1961.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1961.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1961.
O-G-F-6. Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1961.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1961.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Ave. Church ("permanent"), 1961.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1961.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1961.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1961.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1961.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1961.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Home, 1961.
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1961.
O-27. All Sports property, 1962.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1962.
O-52. 3730 Aldrich Avenue South, 1962.
O-G-"A"-"W," 1962. 3 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker and letters to whole family, 1962.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1962.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1962.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1962.
O-G-F-5 .Philip H. Walker, 1962.
O-G-F-6. Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1962.
O-G-G-1 .Gamble-Skogmo, 1962.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Ave. Church, 1962.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1962.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1962.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1962.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1962.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1962.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1962.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Home, 1962. 2 folders.
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1962.
Location Box
O-27. All Sports property, 1963.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1963.
O-G. "A"-"W," 1963. 3 folders.
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker (letters to whole family), 1963.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1963.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1963.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1963.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1963.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1963.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Avenue Church, 1963.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1963.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1963.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1963.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1963.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1963.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1963.
O-G-W-2 .Walker Methodist Home, 1963.
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1963.
O-27. All Sports property, 1964.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1964.
O-52. 3730 Aldrich Avenue South, 1964.
O-G. "A"-"Y," 1964. 2 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker and family, 1964.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1964.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1964.
O-G-F-6. Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1964.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1964.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Ave. Church, 1964.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1964.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1964.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1964.
O-G-S-2. Securities transactions, 1964.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1964.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1964.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Home, 1964. 2 folders.
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1964.
O-27. All Sports property, 1965.
O-G. "G"-"Y," 1965. 2 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker (and letters to whole family), 1965.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1965.
O-G-F-2. Philip H. Walker, 1965.
O-G-F-6. Archie D. Walker, Jr., 1965.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1965. 2 folders.
Location Box
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Ave. Church, 1965.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1965.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1965.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1965.
O-G-S-2. Securities transactions, 1965.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1965.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1965.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1965.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Residence, 1965. 3 folders
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1965.
O-60. 1214 Hennepin Avenue, 1966.
O-G. "A"-"Y," 1966. 2 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker (and letters to whole family), 1966.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1966.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1966.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1966.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1966.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1966.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Avenue Methodist Church, 1966.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1966.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1966.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1966.
O-G-S-2. Securities transactions, 1966.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1966.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1966.
O-G-T-3. Archie and Bertha Walker 1966 Trusts for Grandchildren, 1966.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1966.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Residence, 1966. 2 folders
O-G-W-3. James C. Walker Trust and Lumberman Publishing Company, 1966.
O-34. 1121 Hennepin Avenue, 1967.
O-60. 1214 Hennepin Avenue, 1967.
O-62. 1526 Harmon Place and 20 Maple Street, Minneapolis, 1967.
O-G. "A"-"W," 1967. 2 folders
O-G-F-1. Hudson D. Walker (and letters to whole family), 1967.
O-G-F-2. Stephen A. Walker, 1967.
O-G-F-3. Walter W. Walker, 1967.
O-G-F-4. Louise W. McCannel, 1967.
O-G-F-5. Philip H. Walker, 1967.
O-G-G-1. Gamble-Skogmo, 1967.
O-G-H-1. Hennepin Ave. Church, 1967.
O-G-I-1. Insurance, 1967.
O-G-N-1. Northwestern National Bank: Archie D. Walker, 1967.
O-G-N-2. Northwestern National Bank: Bertha H. Walker, 1967.
O-G-S-2. Securities transactions, 1967.
O-G-T-1. Bertha H. Walker Trust for Children, 1967.
O-G-T-2. Archie D. Walker Trust for Children, 1967.
O-G-T-3. Archie and Bertha Walker 1966 Trust for Grandchildren, 1967.
O-G-W-1. W. W. Walker, Trustee, 1967.
O-G-W-2. Walker Methodist Residence, 1967.

Walker correspondence

Location Box
Brooks Walker:
This series consists primarily of Archie's correspondence with his nephew Brooks (son of Clinton L. Walker), and carbon copies of Brook's letters to other family members. Brooks Walker (1902-1984) served as Oakland, California-based sales representative for the RRLC druing the late 1930s and early 1940s.
Many letters prior to 1945 are concerned with Brook's lumber sales, and with his related travels in California and Nevada. Of particular interest are summary reports or travelogues detailing his sales calls, consummated deals, and other business activities. Other letters concern RRLC finances, accounting, and bookkeeping matters; milling operations at Westwood and proposed additions and improvements to the plant there; labor relations; and finances and accounts of the Clinton L. Walker family. There is also information about various other Walker companies and business organizations, including the Pacific Investment Company, the Foote Lumber and Coal Company, and the Piute Railroad.
Letters after 1944 discuss such things as the liquidation of the RRLC; company tax matters; affairs of the T. B. Walker Foundation; the management of Agencies 1-7, and various financial and accounting matters related to those agencies; and the legal controversy surrounding Kenneth R. Walker's profits on the sale of Agency 6 property.
Location Box
Clinton L. Walker, 1942.
Fletcher L. Walker, 1942.
Hudson D. Walker correspondence, 1925-1952.3 folders.
This consists of letters exchanged between Archie and his oldest son, the bulk of which were written to Hudson in New York City. Hudson Dean Walker (1907-1976) served as RRLC assistant secretary (ca. 1933-1936). His primary life's work, however, was as an art dealer, and at various times he based himself in Boston, in New York City, and in Minneapolis. While located in New York, he seems also to have worked as a sales representative for the RRLC, (ca. 1941), and he supervised certain other aspects of the company's business out of its office there as well.
The letters are concerned with the T. B. Walker Foundation, the art collection, and the art gallery; with RRLC business, including New York lumber sales, operations at Westwood, and Hudson's activities as a director of the company; and with family finances and investments. Scattered throughout are bits of information about the activities of Hudson's parents and his siblings. The letters are very sparse after 1941.
Kenneth R. Walker Correspondence,
Consists of Archie's correspondence with his nephew Kenneth Roswell Walker (a son of Fletcher L. Walker, b.1906) at Westwood, and carbons of Kenneth's letters to other family members. These are strictly business letters, with a minimum of personal remarks or information.
Letters from the period 1933-1941, during which Archie served as president of the RRLC and Kenneth as its secretary, relate primarily to company business. They discuss RRLC finances and accounting; land purchases, sales, and leases; the sale of stumpage; conservation and forest management; forest fires and their prevention; directors and stockholders meetings and affairs; and other logging and lumber milling operations in northeastern California. There is also information about other Walker business organizations, including the Canby Railroad Company, the Waland Lumber Company, and the Barlow Realty Company.
The later correspondence (1946-1953) is concerned mostly with liquidation of the RRLC, with the management of Agencies 1-7, and with other family financial disputes and business affairs. Kenneth and his cousin Walker Smith served as liquidating trustees of the RRLC during at least part of this time (ca. 1946-1947). These letters contain information about timber sales; company directors, stockholders, and trustees meetings and affairs; and various lawsuits in which the RRLC and/or the family was involved. There is also some information about such Walker business organizations as the Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) and the Paul Bunyan Lumber Company. There is little information about the legal controversy (ca.1948) surrounding profits made by Kenneth and his family on the sale of Agency 6 property belonging to the T. B. Walker Foundation.
There is a folder of Kenneth and Walker Smith correspondence generated in the course of their tenure as trustees of the Red River Lumber Company in Liquidation.
Location Box
1933-1939. 14 folders.
Location Box
1940-1942. 6 folders.
Dec. 1945-1953. 4 folders.
["excerpts"] 1945-1947.
KRW and Walker Smith (trustees), 1946-1947.
Leon B. Walker correspondence,
Consists of letters exchanged between Archie and his nephew Leon (the only child of Willis J. Walker), and carbons of Leon's letters to various other Walkers. Leon Brooks Walker (1899-1965) apparently served as a San Francisco-based sales representative for the RRLC during 1936-1941, and the letters from this period concern lumber sales, RRLC directors and stockholders meetings, company and family financial matters, and various other facets of RRLC operations. Of particular interest are summary reports, similar to those prepared by Brooks Walker, detailing Leon's sales calls, consummated deals, and other business activities.
The few letters dating from 1945 to 1953 concern personal and T. B. Walker Foundation matters, and also include some correspondence between Archie and Leon's mother, Alma B. Walker.
Location Box
Theodore S. Walker Correspondence,
Consists of letters exchanged between Archie D. Walker and his nephew Theodore Sammis Walker (b. 1901), a son of Fletcher L. Walker, as well as carbon copies of letters sent by Theodore to other family members. Theodore was educated as an engineer. He served as resident manager at Westwood in the 1930s; as a RRLC vice president and manager of the its lumber division from ca.1936 until at least 1942; and as president of SHAFCO from ca.1947 until at least 1952.
Letters for 1933-1942 are concerned with routine RRLC operations, particularly with the day-to-day operation of the mill at Westwood. Included is information about finances, bookkeeping, and accounting; equipment and machinery; management of the Westwood facility and managerial decision-making; production levels; and long-range planning. There are informational and statistical reports relating to operations at Westwood; candid comments about certain key staff members and their performances on the job; and letters exchanged between Archie and Theodore debating and arriving at management decisions.
Of particular interest is the body of letters relating to labor organizational activities taking place at the Westwood plant after the enactment of the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (1935), and the ensuing labor strife as various labor organizations battled the company and each other in an effort to replace the Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumberman as the sole legal bargaining agency for Westwood mill workers. (Hanft, pp. 233-239.) Theodore represented the Red River Lumber Company in many, if not all, of its labor negotiations. [See RRLC Records for additional information.]
A small group of later files (1946-1953) is related to routine SHAFCO business affairs, RRLC liquidation, agency management, and family politics and controversies.
Location Box
1933-1934. 7 folders.
Location Box
Location Box
Location Box
1941-1942. 6 folders.
1946-1953.2 folders.
Willis J. Walker, 1942. 2 folders.
Location Box
Alma Brooks Walker, 1944-1945.
Brooks Walker, 1943-1945.
Della Walker, 1945.
Clinton L. Walker, 1943-1945.
Fletcher L. Walker, 1943-1945. 2 folders.
Harriet Walker Henderson, 1943-1945.
Hudson D. Walker, 1943-1945. 2 folders.
Kenneth R. Walker, 1943-1945. 5 folders.
Leon Walker, 1943-1945.
Stephen A. Walker (Red River), 1943.
Theodore S. Walker, 1943-1945.
Willis J. Walker, 1943-1945.
Willis J. Walker Estate, 1943-1947. 4 folders.

Smith Correspondence

Dana C. Smith Correspondence:
Letters exchanged between Archie and his nephew Dana Conrad Smith (b. 1898, son of Julia Walker Smith), a Los Angeles-area attorney representing the RRLC, as well as carbon copies of Dana's letters to various family members, attorneys (including Josiah E. Brill), Internal Revenue Service officials, and others. Some correspondence between Dana and his brother, Justin V. Smith (in Minneapolis), assistant secretary of the RRLC during ca. 1936-ca. 1942, is also included, as is some correspondence with brothers Walker and Hulet P. Smith. There is a five-year gap in the files (1942-1946).
The correspondence is concerned primarily with RRLC finances and legal affairs, both before and during its liquidation. Much relates to highly technical legal and accounting matters, including corporate and individual family members' income tax liability and related litigation; the "stockholders basis matter" (valuation of the RRLC stock for tax and gift purposes), ca. 1947; bonds, stocks, and other investment matters; the management of the various family agencies; and miscellaneous litigation. Some letters concern the T. B. Walker Foundation-Kenneth R. Walker controversy. There is also some information about various other Walker business organizations, including the Waland Lumber Company and the Pacific Investment Company.
Dana was a partner in Campbell, Barstow, Grady & Smith (ca.1935) and in Campbell, Smith and Campbell (ca. 1940-ca. 1953), both of Pasadena, California. He was also a partner with his brothers in Smith & Sons Investment Company, Pasadena (ca. 1928-ca. 1957). Dana was a director of the T. B. Walker Foundation (ca. 1950), and a liquidating trustee of the RRLC (ca. 1950-ca. 1951).
Location Box
1938-1941. 5 folders.
Location Box
Jan-June 1943.
1944-1946. 9 folders.
Location Box
1947-May 1949.3 folders.
Location Box
June 1949-1953. 2 folders.
Dana C./Hulet/Walker Smith:
1942. 2 folders.
Location Box
July-Dec. 1943.
Julia Walker Smith and Ernest F. Smith correspondence, 1934-1936.1 folder.
Consists primarily of letters exchanged between Archie, his sister Julia, and her husband Ernest Frederick Smith, and correspondence between the Smiths and other family members. There is some correspondence between Archie and the Smiths' sons Dana, Hulet, and Walker, and copies of some of the sons' letters to other family members. The correspondence is primarily concerned with Smith family finances, and with the Smiths' financial relationship with and indebtedness to the RRLC. There is also information about the Hennepin Lumber Company, and discussion (January 1935) concerning a possible sale or donation of Minneapolis Central City Market Company property to Hamline University.
Justin V. Smith Correspondence, 1946-1948.2 folders.
This series contains a small number of letters exchanged between Archie and his nephew Justin V. Smith, a son of Julia Walker Smith, but mainly consists of copies of Justin's letters to other members of the family, with a few of their letters to him.
The correspondence relates primarily to routine family business and financial matters, including the management of the various family agencies; the Walker Art Center and its collection; and Barlow Realty Company finances. A few letters concern the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc., and the legal controversy between it and Kenneth R. Walker (ca. 1948).
Justin served as the RRLC's assistant secretary (ca. 1936-ca. 1942), and as secretary of the Red River Lumber Company in Liquidation (ca. 1949). He lived and worked in Minneapolis at the time this correspondence originated.
Location Box
Location Box
1946-1948. 2 folders.
Location Box
To directors, from ADW and JVS, 1943-1945.
Walker Smith correspondence, 1946-1953. 1 folder.
Primarily letters exchanged between Archie and his nephew Walker Smith, as well as carbon copies of Walker's letters to other family members. The correspondence is concerned primarily with timber and land sale matters. There is information about the liquidation of the RRLC; SHAFCO land deals; RRLC stock valuation problems ("stockholders basis" matter); and agency matters and family politics. A few letters (1947-1948) relate to a controversy between RRLC and the Fruit Growers Supply Company over rights to the use of water from the irrigation ditch on RRLC's Goodrich Ranch.
Walker was a partner with his father and his brothers Dana and Hulet in the Coast Development Company, Los Angeles (ca. 1925-ca. 1927); in Smith & Sons, Inc., its successors (ca. 1928-ca. 1929); and in Smith & Sons Investment Company (ca. 1935-ca. 1957). He also served as a RRLC liquidating trustee (ca. 1948-ca. 1949).
Location Box
Location Box

Subject Files

Correspondence and miscellaneous papers relating to a variety of Archie D. Walker's non-RRLC business and personal interests and activities. The bulk of the material dates from 1940-1955; very few items date from before 1920. This series was assembled by the cataloger.
A handful of subjects are represented in a significant way, including family agency affairs (particularly Agency 6, which files contain information about the controversy between the T. B. Walker Foundation and Kenneth R. Walker); Gamble-Skogmo, Inc., of which Archie was a director, ca.1948-ca.1958; Hennepin Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church; the Hennepin Paper Company (including a 189-page statement of the valuation of company buildings and equipment at a Little Falls, Minnesota plant, 1933); Northome Private Roads Association (including articles of incorporation); the State Theatre Heating Company (including articles of incorporation, correspondence, and financial reports); and Archie D. Walker Trust No. 2 (primarily related to management of certain Minneapolis properties).
There are files relating to individual family members and their financial affairs, and to various other Walker companies and organizations, including the Foote Lumber and Coal Company, the Hennepin Holding Company, the Kicherer Motor Company, the Lincoln National Bank, the Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway Company, the Northeastern Railroad Company, Northwestern Hospital, the Superior Land Company, the Waland Lumber Company, Walker Methodist Home, and the Walker-Pence Company.
Also present is Oliver W. Barnes' diary and some accounts from the trip to Alaska that he and Archie took in 1900. A 1920 photo album includes photos of the family's urban Minneapolis properties, scenes along several California rivers and waterfalls, and some California timber and forest scenes.
Location Box
Letters to more than one person, 1942.
Letters to RRLC firectors, 1942.
Agency partitioning:
Letters, memoranda, papers, 1947.
Partition agreement, 1947.
Agency 3: Agency modification agreement (1949), 1921, 1949.
Agency 6: Sale of interests, 1947-1955. 3 folders.
Agencies: Miscellaneous papers and statements, 1946-1949.
Alaska trip: Diary and accounts, 1900. (O. W. Barnes)
See also TBW Papers: Mining.
Alaska trip(s?): Diary transcriptions, ca. 1899-1900.
Biographical statement, 1963.
Clippings, 1966.
Deals with Fletcher L. Walker and family, 1947-1955.
Financial miscellany, 1938-1943.
Foote Lumber and Coal Company: Business correspondence, 1946.
Gamble-Skogmo, Inc.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1947-1957.
Directors meetings minutes, 1947-1958.
Financial reports:
Location Box
1954-1958. 2 folders.
419 Groveland Ave. tesidence, 1920-1921.
Hennepin Ave. Methodist Episcopal Church, 1921, 1938-1958. 2 folders.
Hennepin County Good Roads Association, 1946-1957.
Hennepin Holding Company, 1911-1914.
Hennepin Paper Company:
Miscellaneous papers, 1891, 1926.
Statement of valuation, 1933. 2 folders.
Location Box
Journal, 1947-1958.
"Trustee and Trustee for Fletcher L. Walker Funds."
Location Box
Kicherer Motor Company:
Stock certificate book pages, 1930-1939.
Lake Hassel Gun Club: Taxes, 1933-1935.
Lester Herrick and Herrick:
Location Box
Location Box
Lincoln National Bank: J. B. Cook Forgery, 1918-1920.
Louise Walker Defenbacher, et al. vs. Kenneth R. Walker, et al., 1950.
T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc. vs. Kenneth R. Walker, 1949.
LSSC hunting trip and shanty, undated and 1909-1910.
Mathematical notes, undated.
McCloud River Lumber Company, 1931-1932.
Alma Walker: Correspondence, 1942.
Chauncey: Correspondence, 1948-1949.
Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railroad, 1922.
The Minneapolis Corporation, 1929.
Miscellaneous letters and papers, 1911, 1930-1941.
Neighborhood Protective Association, 1943.
Northeastern Railroad Company, 1909-1911.
Northome House Construction, 1929-1932.
Northome Private Roads Assn.:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1920-1955. 2 folder)s.
Legal documents, undated and 1921-1922.
Northwestern Hospital, undated and 1953-1955.
Obituary, 1971.
Correspondence, 1887, 1904-1908, 1923-1943.
Miscellany, undated and 1892-1971.
Photo album, ca. 1920.
Photos, 1920?-1926.
Ray and Costigan: Business correspondence, 1948.
Reminiscences, 1965.
Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology, 1918.
Smith, Hulet P.: Correspondence, 1946-1957.
Special Agencies: Corresp. with Northwestern Nat'l Bank of Minneapolis, 1945-1947.
Location Box
State Theatre Heating Company
See also Barlow Realty Box 45.
Articles of incorporation, 1921.
Correspondence, 1935-1943. 2 folders.
Financial reports, 1942.
Superior Golf Course: General ledger, 1946-1948.
Superior Land Company:
Dissolution, 1948.
Financial statements and reports, 1936-1946.
Ledger, 1930-1934.
Trust deeds ("Original"), 1947-1952.
Trust No. 2, 1950-1964. 5 folders.
Waland Lumber Company, 1911, 1932-1947, 1955.
Alma B.: Correspondence, 1946-1947.
Archie D., Jr.: correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1946-1952.
Bertha H., Special Agency: Financial statements, 1947-1948.
Philip H.: Correspondence, 1948-1952.
Willis J.:
Cottagewood (Brooks Cottage) (sold to Russell Wing), 1940-1943.
Deephaven Guest Cottage (leased to Frank Higgins), 1940.
Lake House (sold to Clark Fletcher), 1940.
Walker Defenbacher, Louise: Correspondence, 1947-1952.
Walker Art Center historical narrative, 1965.
Walker family correspondence, 1922.
Walker Methodist Church (Howard Lake, Minnesota), 1951.
Walker Methodist Home:
Location Box
Location Box
Undated and 1981.
Walker-Pence Company stock purchase (1949), 1940-1949.
Walker statements, 1922-1923.

Personal Materials

Personal File I-W.
A partial subject file that consists of correspondence and miscellaneous papers relating primarily to certain RRLC business matters. Some materials concern the Minneapolis Central City Market Company and various of Archie's personal business matters.
Of particular interest are various operating reports relating to the RRLC mill and yard at Akeley (1906-1915), and a series of letters written by Archie (ca. 1912) while scouting out a location in northern California for the new mill and the town that would become Westwood (in folder "W"). There is information about RRLC, Walker & Akeley, and T. B. Walker-owned lands in northern Minnesota, and a file relating to the purchase of certain lands from the Walker interests by the State of Minnesota for the establishment of Itasca State Park (1910-1914). Included also are annual reports, financial statements, and other information regarding the Minneapolis Central City Market Company. There is also information about Walker-owned Minneapolis rental property and tenants. Personal matters represented include Archie's construction of a home on Lake Minnetonka (Wayzata, Minnesota), and his purchase of an Electric Victoria automobile.
The items within each folder are in reverse-chronological order.
Location Box
Itasca State Park, undated and 1910-1914.
"L", 1907-1915.
"M"-"P", 1907-1918.
RRLC statements, undated and 1906-1915.
"R"-"T", undated and 1906-1914.
"W", 1909-1926.
Personal letters to family, 1887-1907, 1926-1954. 6 folders.
Primarily Archie's letters to his wife, Bertha, to his children, and to some of his grandchildren. These letters typically assume the form of periodic "newsletters": informational updates on the social, educational, and professional activities of the various members of the Archie Walker clan; they also frequently discuss RRLC and other business matters affecting the family members.
The earlier letters were often written to those at home by Archie while on the road; later letters were typically written from Minneapolis and sent to children and grandchildren scattered from California to Massachusetts and Florida. Carbon copies of any given letter (especially the later letters) were often sent simultaneously to several or all of the six children.
The "newsletters" describe the hobbies, amusements, and activities of the six children as they were growing up, getting their educations, and pursuing their careers. There is advice to the children from their father on social, educational, financial, and business matters, and occasional fatherly admonitions and reprimands. Many other letters discuss company business matters, including operations at Westwood; labor organization at the mill; the 1944 sale of the Westwood mill and townsite; and the liquidation of the RRLC. There is also some discussion about other Walker business interests; about the T. B. Walker Foundation; and about art collecting and Walker Art Center affairs. In various places there are candid comments about certain relatives, including Leon B. Walker and Walker Smith.

Archie D. Walker's Family Members' Papers

Papers kept by Bertha Walker and by their children consist of both personal and business correspondence, as well as some subject files. There are news clippings, academic materials, some photographs, and other miscellany as well.
Items of note in the Hudson D. Walker papers include bills and receipts for art works purchased by Hudson. There is a file of material relating to Goodman-Walker, Inc. (Boston and Minneapolis), an art dealership in which Hudson was a partner with H. Nelson Goodman (1930-ca. 1932). There is also some information about Hudson D. Walker Fine Arts, Hudson's continuation of the Goodman-Walker Minneapolis branch (established 1932). One file relates to the Hudson D. Walker Art Galleries, which were located at 807 Hennepin Avenue in the rooms vacated by the T. B. Walker Art Gallery when it moved to its building on Lowry Hill. Twelve small monthly diaries kept by Hudson in 1922 contain comments and observations about T. B. Walker and other family members. The main body of Hudson's papers are at the Archives of American Art's Detroit, Michigan branch.
The Walter W. Walker papers include a photograph of the Harvard Medical School class of 1940, as well as other academic materials and some personal correspondence. The Philip H. Walker materials contain a similar photo of the class of 1944, and other papers related to his years at Harvard and to his earlier studies at Minneapolis' Blake School.
The Louise Walker McCannel papers include a series of articles about the Walker Art Center and its creators and programs (1940-1941), which she wrote for publication in the Akeley Herald Tribune; there is some accompanying correspondence with editor Charles F. Scheers. These files also include some of her drawings (1934) and her extensively annotated copy of the 1927 Walker Art Gallery catalog.
Location Box
Hudson D. Walker:
Personal correspondence: Family, 1918-1951.
Ione Avery Gaul letters, 1934-1936.
Sinclair Hatch letters, 1924-1934.
General correspondence, 1921-1936.
Business xorrespondence:
A-N, 1932-1934.
Location Box
R-Z, 1932-1935.
Subject files:
Academic materials, 1928-1929.
Art works: Bills and receipts, 1927-1935.
Book of art-related notes and memoranda, [ca. 1930?].
Clipping, 1977.
Diaries, 1922. 12 monthly volumes.
Goodman-Walker, Inc., 1930-1932.
Harvey Gaul miscellany, 1936.
Hudson D. Walker Art Gallery, 1932.
Minneapolis Gallery list, ca. 1932(?)
Personal investments, 1931-1935.
Taxes, 1934-1936.
Walker, Berta: Clipping, 1979.
Miscellaneous business papers, 1927-1933.
Miscellaneous personal papers, 1934-1935.
Ione G. Walker: Personal letters, 1936-1944.
Bertha H. Walker:
Miscellaneous business correspondence, 1937-1940.
Personal correspondence, 1917.
Personal letters to family:
Investments, undated and 1932-1941.
Josiah Brill: Hudson Trust, 1935-1936.
Obituary, 1973.
Will, 1938.
Stephen A. Walker: Correspondence, 1923-1971.
Walter W. Walker:
Academic materials, undated. (ca. 1930s?)
Clippings, 1958.
Location Box
Harvard medical school class photo (1940).
Location Box
Personal correspondence, 1922-1940.
Philip H. Walker:
Personal correspondence:
Location Box
Miscellaneous business correspondence and papers, 1934-1962.
Academic materials:
Blake School, undated and ca. 1932-1939.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1936-1943.
Essays and examination, undated and 1935-1939.
Harvard University:
Athletics (swimming), 1938-1940.
Location Box
Medical school class photo (1944)
Location Box
Journal, [ca. 1937.]
Paper on sleep, [ca. 1940?]
Personal materials (miscellaneous), undated and 1933-1948.
Miscellany, undated and 1935-1939.
Louise W. McCannel:
Personal correspondence:
Location Box
Miscellaneous business correspondence and papers, 1939.
Akeley "Herald-Tribune Series," 1940-1941.
Miscellaneous drawings, 1934.
Walker Art Gallery catalog (annotated), 1927.
Location Box
Louise W. McCannel: Mental health files:
Art from mental hospitals, undated and 1955-1965.
Circle F Club, Inc., undated and 1961-1966. 2 folders
Hennepin County Association for Mental Health, 1965..
Hennepin County Board, 1966-1968.
Hennepin County Mental Health Center, undated and 1958-1966.
Menninger Foundation, undated and 1955-1965.
Mental Health clippings, undated and 1956-1966.
Minneapolis and Hennepin County Mental Health Board, 1958-1961.
Minnesota Association for Mental Health, Inc., undated and 1954-1966.
Oak Park Home: Minda Associates, 1966.
People (lists and rosters), 1955-1968.
Projects, 1956-1966.
State Hospitals: Patient publications, 1954-1956. 2 folders.
M-G-1.3. Hennepin County General Hospital (HCGH): Clippings, 1966.
M-G-2.1. HCGH: Mental Health Board: General, 1967.
M-G-2.2.HCGH: Mental Health Board: Circle F, 1966.
M-G-2.4. HCGH: Mental Health Board: Notes, 1966.
M-G-2.5. HCGH: Mental Health Board: Planning, 1966.
M-G-2.6. Mental health/Race relations, 1967.
Archie D. Walker, Jr.:
Personal correspondence, undated and 1937-1943.
Miscellaneous papers, undated and 1936-1943.

Items Flat-Filed

Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 1
"Item #16: Surfaced Rip and Trim Dept." April 18, 1941.
Schematic drawing. From T. S. Walker correspondence, April 21, 1941. [a proposal?]
"New Planing Mill at Present Site." April 15, 1941.
Schematic drawing. From T. S. Walker correspondence, April 16, 1941. [a proposal?]
"Rip and Trim--Chain No. 3, Item #11." Undated.
Schematic drawing. From T. S. Walker correspondence, March 3, 1941. [a proposal?]
Including "Remodel Planing Mill," Item #17, etc. Undated.
Schematic drawing. From T. S. Walker correspondence, April 18, 1941. [a proposal?]
Unidentified California topographic map. [Westwood area?] Undated.
From T. S. Walker correspondence, Sept. 5, 1940. Inclunding Burney Mtn. to Harvey Mtn.
California highway map marked [apparently] to show land owned or controlled by Red River Lumber Company. 1937.
From Brooks Walker correspondence, Sept. 21, 1937.
United States highway map marked [apparently] to show locations of mills visited on timber sales trips (including various states). Undated.
From Brooks Walker correspondence, May 10-20, 1937.
"Auditor's Subdivision No. 70, book 56, page 6, Hennepin County, Minn." Undated [ca. 1921?].
Lake Minnetonka lake lots.
"Plat Showing Survey of Lots 258-259-260- + 261 Deephaven Park. West of County Road--also Part of Lots 4 and 5 Auditor's Sub'd. No. 70." Oct. 1921.
"Deephaven Park." Undated.
Promotional map showing lots at Lake Minnetonka subdivision.
Superior Golf Course Water System, [ca. 1944?].
Schematic drawing.
"Standard Wood Steamship," 1917.
2 blueprint drawings.
"Remodeling Residence for Mr. A. D. Walker," undated.
Blueprint drawing #1.
Class "C" Sail Boat, undated. [ca.1937?].
Blueprint drawing.
"Map Showing Location of a Parcel of Land Deeded to James L. Meeker by E. W. and B. C. French," 1937.
Madison Township, Richland County, Ohio. Plat map.

Rolled Oversized Items

Location Box
Children's Hospital (Minneapolis, Minnesota):
Blueline Drawing, 1962.
Shows Southdale Shopping Center, Southdale Medical Clinc, Pediatrics Clinic, Fairview Hospital, Children's Hospital, and surrounding roads and highways.
Main entrance: East elevation, 1962.

Return to the Table of Contents

Return to the Organization of the Collection Section


This section comprises the corporate records of the Red River Lumber Company, the Walkers' Minneapolis-headquartered logging and lumber manufacturing firm, from its inception in the 1880s to its dissolution in the 1940s and 1950s. Most of the material seems to relate to company operations in north-central and north-western Minnesota, although a good portion of the records encompass California logging and lumber milling activities as well.

The Red River Lumber Company was the core Walker family corporation; the other family business enterprises essentially revolved around and were subsidiaries of and adjuncts to it. This was the entity to which the family devoted the greatest portion of its energies and funds. The corporation apparently came to exercise many of the functions of a holding company; with its passing, these functions were transferred to the Barlow Realty Company.

The company's records consist almost entirely of files kept at its Minneapolis general offices, and consist of letterpress books of outgoing letters; foldered correspondence (letters received, carbons of outgoing letters, and carbons of letters sent by or between other company offices); subject files; photographs; minutes; financial and accounting records; and flat-filed maps and architectural drawings. Much of the organizational scheme was created by the cataloger and imposed upon fragmented or disordered files.

Minneapolis General Correspondence

The Minneapolis General Correspondence Letterpress books (1888-1908, 7 volumes) document routine RRLC logging, lumber milling, and business operations, as well as the Walker & Akeley partnership and the management of its lands. Many letters concern real estate purchases, sales, and taxes. There is also information about milling equipment and machinery, log markings, logging contracts and contractors, the shipment of logs and lumber, the construction of logging spurs and rail lines, and accounting and bookkeeping matters. All of the letters seem to have originated at the company's general offices in Minneapolis.
There are letters written by T. B., Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis, Clinton, and Archie Walker; Frank J. Kline; Chales B. March; Reuben H. Adams; bookkeeper/clerk John S. Grist; Charles W. Bennett; land man H. D. Burroughs; and Henry G. Sherwood and D. G. Curtis of the Minneapolis offices.
Letters were sent to various lumbermen and lumber companies throughout the Upper Midwest, including the H.C. Akeley Lumber Company (Park Rapids, Minnesota), the Shevlin-Carpenter Company (Minneapolis), the Pine Tree Lumber Company (Little Falls, Minnesota), and the Weyerhauser interests (at St. Paul, Little Falls, and Cloquet Minnesota). There are also letters addressed to T. B. Walker and his sons; the RRLC offices at Akeley; H. C. Akeley (Minneapolis) and "Walker & Akeley" (at Bemidji); Frank J. Kline; Jens J. Opsahl (at Felton, Minnesota); W. H. Gemmell (Brainerd, Minnesota), general manager of the Minnesota and International Railway Company; Fogg Bros. & Company (Boston); the Minnesota Surveyor General of Logs and Lumber and various banks and county officials.
Location Box
Letterpress books:
Sept. 27, 1888-Dec. 31, 1891.
Vol. G. May 3, 1900-Sept. 5, 1901.
Vol. H. Aug. 29, 1901-Oct. 25, 1902.
Vol. I. Oct. 25, 1902-Sept. 15, 1903.
Vol. J. Sept. 16, 1903-July 9, 1904.
Vol. K. July18, 1904-July 17, 1905
Vol. L. July 18, 1905-Dec. 15, 1908.
Foldered correspondence
The foldered correspondence contains both intra-company memoranda and correspondence with outsiders, such as bankers, attorneys, logging contractors, vendors, and other lumber interests. Much of this documents routine RRLC business operations. The bulk of the material dates from 1920 to 1938, with an earlier concentration from 1886 to 1889; very little exists for the period 1890-1919.
Material dating from the 1886-1889 consists primarily of letters received at Minneapolis from RRLC personnel at Crookston and Grand Forks. Much of it concerns routine operations, accounting, and finances; lumber orders and shipments; and logging and logging contractors, including S. C. Bagley. Some letters document construction of the company's saw and planing mills at Grand Forks. Bagley's letters include information about log drives on the Red Lake River. Other correspondents include T. B. and Gilbert Walker; T. B.'s brother Oliver W. Barnes at Grand Forks; William I. Burr (probably an accountant or bookkeeper, Crookston); and H. [Henry?] G. Sherwood (probably an accountant or bookkeeper, Minneapolis.).
Correspondence from the 1920s includes information about routine company financial matters, such as payroll, bills payable, and investments, as well as management of company-owned properties in Minneapolis. Correspondents include T. B. Walker, Gilbert Walker, Rodney C. Hodge (RRLC, Minneapolis), and Minneapolis attorney John R. Ware. There is correspondence with Power Engineering Company (Minneapolis) officials, including A. L. Bogart and Jesse W. Shuman (brother-in-law of Gilbert and Susan R. Walker), in regard to projects at Westwood in which that company was involved. Correspondence with Thorpe Bros. (a Minneapolis financial services company) officials concerns management of ana mortgages and leases on some of RRLC's Minneapolis properties. There is correspondence with lumberman Frank W. Tozer, president of Tozer Lumber Company (Minneapolis), with the Arthur P. Smith Company (Minneapolis), and with the National Bank of the Republic (Chicago); and some with personnel of Northwest Warehousing Company, a RRLC subsidiary in the 1920s, including A. L. Carr.
Correspondence after 1929 continues to primarily concern RRLC finances, including income tax problems and related litigation. There is also information about the 1944 sale of Westwood, to Fruit Growers Supply Company, and the subsequent liquidation of the RRLC. After 1940, the correspondence with increasing frequency relates to Barlow Realty Company affairs.
The files include information about the "Charles Keith Project," apparently an effort by various lumber companies (including members of the Western Pine Association and the Southern Pine Association) to combat real or imagined threats of Federal control of the lumber industry.
Correspondents include Archie D. Walker (author or recipient of most of the letters from 1920) and Justin V. Smith; Ernst & Ernst (accountants and auditors, San Francisco); the First National Bank and Trust Company (Minneapolis); the Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis and the Northwestern National Bank and Trust Company of Minnepolis; the National Lumber Manufacturer Association (Washington, D.C.); the Anglo California National Bank of San Francisco; and Josiah E. Brill (Minneapolis attorney for the Walker interests). There is also correspondence with lumber manufacturers and retailers nationwide. In addition, the files contain miscellaneous copies of RRLC stockholders' meeting minutes, and copies of the minutes of two 1994 meetings of the executive committee of the Minneapolis Civic Council.
Location Box
1886-1938 [bulk 1920-1938].
Location Box
1938-1953.11 folders.

Akeley Correspondence

Akeley Correspondence with Bradley Timber and Railway Supply Company concerns the shipment of RRLC cut lumber to Bradley to fill its customers' orders, and related accounting and billing. There are also Bradstreet Company and R. G. Dun reports on Bradley. Duluth-based Bradley Timber was a producer, manufacturer, and wholesale dealer in cedar products, including railroad ties. This file appears to be a surviving fragment of those kept at the RRLC's Akeley offices.
Location Box
1911-1913. 4 folders.
With Bradley Timber and Railway Supply Company

Minneapolis Correspondence with Family

The Minneapolis correspondence with family consists primarily of Archie D. Walker's correspondence with various family members in regard to their personal business affairs, both relating to and separate from the RRLC. There is information about family accounts and related bookkeeping, sales of cutover Minnesota lands, personal investments, cottages at Lake Minnetonka, and similar matters. There is also commentary on T. B.'s activities, particularly those relating to art purchases and his art gallary, as well as information about the activities of Archie and Bertha and their children.
Location Box
1920-1929. 4 folders.

Minneapolis Sales Correspondence

Letterpress Books:
The letterpress books contain letters primarily related to RRLC's wholesale lumber sales, especially to smaller lumber companies and dealers. They originate in the Minneapolis sales office and are addressed to lumber companies, box manufacturers, casket companies, and other purchasers of Walker lumber throughout the Upper Midwest. They provide information on orders received, shipped, and unfilled; customer complaints about delayed or unfilled orders about and about the condition of the lumber shipped them; lumber milling, grading, prices, and marketing; and billings and related accounting and bookkeeping.
The letters are signed by various persons, including T. B., Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis, and Clinton Walker; RRLC secretary Charles B. March; accountants/bookkeepers Charles W. Bennett, John S. Grist, and Reuben H. Adams; salesmen George S. Davis and William B. Shepherd; and R. Ford Pray, W. B. Tomlinson, and H. Townsend Fall, also of the RRLC staff.
Recipients of the letters include lumber companies and yards throughout the Upper Midwest, among them the Mason City (Iowa) Wholesale Lumber Company, the B. H. Pollock Lumber Company (St. Louis, Missouri), the Peter Vredenberg Lumber Company (Springfield, Illinois), and the Laird-Norton Yards (Winona, Minnesota). Other business correspondents included the New London Milling Company (Willmar, Minnesota), Francis Beidler & Company (Chicago), Smith & Oliver (Chicago), the Nye Schneider Fowler Company (Fremont, Nebraska; Mason City, Iowa), Ray Oliver (Kansas City, Missouri), W. E. Martin (Omaha, Nebraska), and W. F. Switzer and E. A. Thornton (both of Chicago).
The volumes include letters to freight and purchasing agents of various railroad companies, including G. O. Somers, W. W. Broughton, and Howard James of the Great Northern Railway Company; Fred Wing of the Iowa Central Railway Company and the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway Company; E. T. Stone of the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway Company; S. F. Forbes of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Company; and F. de Anguera of the Rock Island System. There are also numerous letters to RRLC officials at Akeley, including resident manager R. Ford Pray, and company secretary Charles B. March.
Location Box
Volume 10. Feb. 25, 1899-May 30, 1900.
Volume 13. Nov. 14, 1902-Feb. 18, 1903.
Location Box
Volume 14. Feb. 18, 1903-May 4, 1903.
Volume 15. May 5, 1903-Aug. 8, 1903.
Volume 16. Aug. 10, 1903-Nov. 11, 1903.
Volume 19. April 7, 1904-June 6, 1904.
Volume 20. June 4, 1904-Aug. 1, 1904.
Volume 21. Aug. 1, 1904-Sept. 29, 1904.
Location Box
Volume 22. Sept. 29, 1904-Nov. 23, 1904.
Volume 24. Jan. 18, 1905-March 10, 1905.
Volume 25. March 11, 1905-April 26, 1905.
Foldered Correspondence:
The foldered correspondence primarily relates to the RRLC's wholesale lumber sales, and consists mostly of letters exchanged between the company's Minneapolis-based sales force and wholesale customers nationwide. The files are organized by year and thereunder alphabetically by customer, and are apparently but surviving pieces of a larger whole.
The sales correspondence concerns price quotations, lumber orders, and the shipment of lumber (especially from the mill at Westwood); claims for lumber damaged in transit; advertising; and plywood promotion and sales. There are also letters soliciting business from potential wholesale customers and accounts. The files also include some shipping orders and stock sheets.
Correspondents include Red River salesman George S. Davis (1905) and John L. Westrum (1930s); Archie and Willis Walker; R. Ford Pray, Langford W. Smith, and William B. Laughead (all RRLC-Westwood); and Harry V. Scott (RRLC-Chicago). There are sizable files of sales correspondence with certain wholesale customers, including the Carr, Ryder & Adams Company (Dubuque, Iowa), Curtis Companies, Inc. (Clinton, Iowa), and the Milan R. Sutliff Company (Ashland, Wisconsin). There is also correspondence with Twin City Millwork Operators (St. Paul) and with U.S. Post Office and Treasury Department officials concerning the use of wood (rather than metal) sash and door frames and ornamentation in the construction of post office buildings in Chicago, Minneapolis, and St. Paul. Accompanying this correspondence are some related reports and blueprint drawings.
Location Box
1905, Mor-Moz.
Location Box
Location Box
Location Box

Minneapolis Correspondence with Westwood Mill

The Minneapolis correspondence with Westwood Mill consists primarily of correspondence between John L. Westrum (Minneapolis) and Langford W. Smith (Westwood) in regard to the filling of wholesale lumber orders. There is also information about lumber shipments from Westwood; finances and accounting, including accounts receivable from wholesale customers; RRLC's lumber prices; sash and door manufacturing and sales; plywood; Westrum's sales trips; and company advertising and promotion, including the "Paul Bunyan's Prosperity Special" train. Correspondents, in addition to Westrum and Smith, include Willis and Archie Walker; R. Ford Pray, William B. Laughead, F. M. Jayne, and Chester E. Priest (all Westwood); and Harry V. Scott (RRLC-Chicago). This correspondence is apparently but a surviving fragment of a larger whole.
Location Box
1931. 5 folders.

Minneapolis Correspondence with Westwood Office

The Minneapolis correspondence with Westwood Office primarily relates to routine financial, accounting, and operational matters. Most of the letters date from 1930 to 1950, and were exchanged between company executives (especially Archie Walker) and management personnel at Westwood.
Earlier letters (1911-1930) include information about personnel, finances, taxes, fire insurance on the lumber and the Westwood plant, milling equipment and machinery, and the construction and early operations at Westwood (1913). Resident manager R. Ford Pray submitted reports detailing town and mill operations. There is information about the Paul Bunyan character and company advertising, and a report from [company?] spy #63 at Sacramento discussing one "Lambert" and his relation to Industrial Workers of the World organizational activities in northern California (1916). Correspondents include Archie, Clinton, Fletcher, and Willis Walker; R. Ford Pray; and William B. Laughead (advertising manager, Minneapolis).
Later letters (1930-1950) continue to document routine business and operational matters. These files also include "Weekly Letters" (narrative reports of Westwood operations submitted by resident manager Theodore S. Walker to the Minneapolis office); mill production reports submitted by C. R. Parker; and various operating and financial reports. There also is information about the March ,1938, National Labor Relations Board election at Westwood. Letters dating from 1948 to 1950 include some information about Agency-related matters. The bulk of these letters comprise Archie Walker's correspondence with RRLC personnel at Westwood. Other correspondents include Theodore S. and Kenneth R. Walker, A. L. Welder (office manager), Chester E. Priest (manager, Lumber Division), R. Ford Pray, R. C. Martin, and S. W. ("Mac") Macdonald (manager, Industrial Relations Dept.), all at Westwood; Edward B. Jensen; and Brooks Walker.
Location Box
1911-1950 [bulk 1930-1950].

Teletype Communications

Teletype communications consist of exchanges between Minneapolis and Westwood, and appear to relate to matters that were of an especially urgent and/or confidential nature. Most have to do with finances, land, and timber deals, logging matters, labor strife at Westwood, stockholders and directors matters, RRLC dissolution, and Agency business. There is information about RRLC bonds and bond refinancing, lumber prices, Waland Lumber Company business, and a "Groveland Deal." There is some discussion about the employment of Charles Keith to gather data for use in resisting anticipated federal regulation of the forest industry (see also Minneapolis General Correspondence). Teletype communications regarding the labor strife at Westwood include information on company efforts to keep apprised of the situation; management's strategy; the NLRB election of March 18, 1938; and the explusion of the "CIOs" from Westwood in mid-July, 1938. [The labor troubles at Westwood are mentioned only minimally anywhere else in the entire T. B. Walker collection; the most extensive material is here.] Teletype correspondents include Archie D. Walker (Minneapolis); Fletcher, Theodore, and Kenneth Walker (Westwood); and Albert L. Welder (Westwood).
Location Box
1937-1945. 9 folders.

Branch Yards and Offices

Branch yards and offices fukes comprise correspondence with RRLC personnel at its Chicago sales office and distributing yard, with small amounts of material for its Los Angeles, New York, Reno, and Susanville branches.
Location Box
Chicago, 1934-1946. 10 folders.
The RRLC maintained a branch office at Chicago as early as 1910, and operated sales offices and a distributing yard there until 1945. Chicago correspondence concerns wholesale lumber sales, office finances, insurance matters, yard operations, and other routine business matters. There is also information about miscellaneous litigation, discussion (ca. 1945) about selling the Chicago yard, and a reference to the yard being destroyed by fire in 1945. Included also are miscellaneous financial statements and reports, as well as some monthly operating reports. Correspondents include Archie and Hudson Walker; Guy C. Shafer (Minneapolis); Harry V. Scott, Jackson Rinn, and Miss O. Brandstatter (all RRLC-Chicago); Chester E. Priest; Justin V. Smith; and Walter H. Velde, a Chicago attorney retained by the RRLC. Rinn and Scott established the Rinn-Scott Lumber Company, and were operating at the RRLC's former Michigan Avenue address by August 1945.
Los Angeles, 1920-1922, 1938-1944.
The RRLC opened sales offices at Los Angeles around 1922, and by 1925 operated a distributing yard and warehouse in the city. The company maintained its Los Angeles presence until at least 1945. Los Angeles correspondence contains letters from the 1920s discussing the merits of the company establishing a yard there (Willis Walker was a proponent, Gilbert and Archie Walker opponents). There is also some information about a "regulatory picketing" ordinance passed by Los Angeles voters (ca. 1938), and some information concerning labor union negotiations and a contract between retail employees and Lumber and Sawmill Workers Local 2788 (1938). Correspondents include T. B., Gilbert, and Archie Walker; Bert Smith; Paul Revert; and J. D. Rickard.
New York, 1938-1943.
The RRLC's New York City sales office was apparently established around 1934, and continued until at least 1943. There does not appear to have been a New York distributing yard. New York correspondence is exchanged between Archie D. Walker and office manager Harry O. Geary. There are comments on business conditions in New York, and salesmen's itineraries for both Geary and Robert L. Lamson, his assistant. (See the Hudson D. Walker Files in the Archie D. Walker Papers for additional information on the New York office.)
Reno, Nevada, 1920, 1939-1941.
The RRLC operated an office at Reno, Nevada, as early as 1922. A distributing yard in that city apparently operated until at least 1942. It is not clear if the company's presence at Reno was continuous over the twenty-year period. Correspondents in the Reno file include Archie D. Walker, D. T. Jones, and W. G. Fisher.
Susanville, California, 1920.
Contains only two miscellaneous financial reports (1920). The RRLC maintained an office there as early as 1920; the office appears on the corporate letterhead in 1922.

Employees' Correspondence

The employees' correspondence includes both letterpress books and foldered correspondence of several key RRLC employees: Charles W. Bennett, Conrad L. Bower, Burt J. Clark, Harold Frodsham, Louis R. Gorham, Rodney C. Hodge, Edward B. Jensen, Frank J. Kline, Chester E. Priest, Ellsworth G. Scammon, Guy C. Shafer, Dana C. Smith, and Albert L. Welder. The correspondence is most voluminous for Bennett, Shafer, Hodge and Kline.
Bennett/Shafer letterpress books:
The letters of RRLC-Minneapolis bookkeeper/accountant Charles W. Bennett and his successor, Guy C. Shafer are primarly concerned with routine accounting, bookkeeping, and other financial matters of the RRLC and of various other Walker companies and business organizations. Bennett was sent to the company's Chicago office in January 1924, and Shafer succeeded him at Minneapolis.
Their letters concern accounting and bookkeeping problems and practices; payroll and personnel matters; banking and company finances; and Company Walker family members' income taxes. There is information about accounts payable (including the repayment of monies borrowed by various Walker companies), accounts receivable (including payments on loans, mortgages, and contracts for deed); and delinquent accounts receivable, and efforts to collect same. There are also letters to the various other RRLC offices concerning their improper bookkeeping and accounting practices.
Most of the letters were written by Bennett or Shafer and pertain to the RRLC business. Many of these were actually written for others' signatures, particularly those of Archie and Gilbert Walker. There are also many letters written for the Walker-Burton Company, the Minneapolis Land & Investment Company, the Walker & Akeley partnership, the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, the Pacific Investment Company, Walker Associates, the Industrial Investment Company, the Walker-Pence Company, the State Theatre Heating Company, the Waland Lumber Company, the Hennepin County Good Roads Association, Walker Brothers, the Eighth Street Development Company, the T. B. Walker Foundation, Inc., and the estates of Harriet G., T. B., and Gilbert M. Walker. Some other authors include Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis and Archie Walker.
Recipients include various Walkers, and the RRLC offices at Akeley, Chicago, Westwood, and San Francisco; Oliver W. Barnes (Berkeley, California); Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji); attorney and Red River land man Ellsworth G. Scammon (Westwood); Minneapolis attorney Josiah E. Brill; Dana C. Smith (Los Angeles), son of Julia Walker Smith; Florence Akeley Quirk (Minneapolis); the Hennepin Lumber Company (Minneapolis); the H. G. Foote Lumber Company (Minneapolis); various banks and financial services and companies; the Minnesota Collector of Internal Revenue (St. Paul); and the U. S. Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Location Box
Sept. 4, 1906-Jan. 18, 1911.
Jan. 18, 1911-May 20, 1913.
May 14, 1913-March 31, 1915.
April 1, 1915-Sept. 1, 1917.
Sept. 4, 1917-Aug. 31, 1918.
May 15, 1919-April 30, 1920; July 12-14, 1920.
Location Box
April 30, 1920-June 10, 1921.
June 11, 1921-Feb. 19, 1923.
Feb. 20, 1923-July 31, 1924.
July 31, 1924-Dec. 31, 1925.
Jan. 2, 1926-Oct. 15, 1927.
Oct. 18, 1927-May 13, 1929.
May 14, 1929-May 31, 1932.
Location Box
June 10, 1932-Nov. 12, 1934.
Location Box
Bower correspondence, 1946-1950. 3 folders.
Minneapolis correspondence with Conrad L. Bower manager of the RRLC land department in liquidation, includes information about timber sales to the Cheney-Grant Lumber Company, the Finney Logging Company, and the Ralph L. Smith Lumber Company There are also letters concerning land sales, Agency administration of timber lands, and the construction of forest fire lookout towers. Included in the files is a 1947 Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) service agreement with the RRLC. Bower also served as a manager of the SHAFCO land department, a duty apparently overlapping his Red River function. Correspondents include Bower (Westwood); Archie, Kenneth, and Brooks Walker; Dana C. Smith; and Lem C. Hastings (SHAFCO general manager, Westwood).
Location Box
Clark letterpress book, April 3, 1915-Dec. 20, 1916.
The letterpress book kept by RRLC-Minneapolis salesman Burt J. Clark contains letters primarily concerned with sales of lumber to, and purchases of lumber from other lumbering compies, and with related accounting and bookkeeping. There is also information about lumber prices, billings, lumber shipment and freight rates, sales commissions, and customer complaints about lumber orders received from the RRLC. Most of the letters were written by Clark; other authors include Archie Walker and RRLC-Minneapolis salesman George S. Davis. Recipients include the company offices at Akeley and Westwood; the Hennepin Lumber Company (Minneapolis); the Pacific Fir Company (Seattle); and various lumber companies throughout Oregon and Washington, particularly in the Seattle area.
Location Box
Frodsham correspondence, 1927-1934. 3 folders.
Harold Frodsham served as general manager of the commercial and mercantile departments at Westwood from the mid-1920s until 1934, when the RRLC apparently got out of the local commercial and mercantile business. The files under his name include monthly receipts and profit reports (sent to Minneapolis) for each of the departments. There is some information about the Westwood National Bank, a 1934 letter from Theodore S. Walker informing Frodsham of impending elimination of Frodsham's job, and a narrative summary (1934) by Frodsham of his tenure as head of the two departments.
Gorham letterpress books:
The two letterpress volumes kept by Louis R. Gorham, T. B. Walker's real estate man for Minneapolis and its suburbs, contain letters that primarily relate to the management of commerical and residential real estate in Minneapolis and St. Louis Park owned by the RRLC and by various other Walker companies. The letters document routine dealings with tenants, evictions, and Gorham's efforts to collect back rent; problems with and improvements to various properties; insurance coverage and claims; real estate taxes; real estate development carried on by the Walkers in both Minneapolis and in St. Louis Park; and the sale of lots and houses in St. Louis Park. There is a small amount of information about Minneapolis Central City Market Company matters (Gorham was its secretary, ca. 1910-ca. 1921).
The volumes contain RRLC, Walker-Burton Company, Minneapolis Land and Investment Company, Minneapolis Central City Market Company, and Pacific Investment Company letters, and letters written on behalf of the Harriet G. Walker estate. Some were written by Gorham for the signatures of other persons including Gilbert and Archie Walker and Hazen J. Burton (president of the Plymouth Clothing House, Minneapolis). Recipients include numerous renters and lessees; the Minneapolis Insurance Agency; W. R. Young (registrar, Minneapolis City Water Works Department); attorney Josiah E. Brill (Minneapolis); and T. B. Walker.
Location Box
Aug. 2, 1910-Nov. 30, 1914.
Dec. 4, 1918-July 23, 1932.
Hodge letterpress books:
The letters of RRLC purchasing agent Rodney C. Hodge primarily relate to the procurement of supplies, equipment, and services for the RRLC and for various other Walker companies, and to the management of the Walker's Minnesota real estate and investment property. All were apparently written at the RRLC general offices in Minneapolis.
The letters document Hodge's purchase of supplies and equipment, and his contracting for labor and other services needed in the course of routine business operations and property management. Many letters related to RRLC and Walker & Akeley real estate matters, including the sale or lease of cutover lands (many of which ithe RRLC owned jointly with Great Northern Iron Ore Properties), timber and hay stumpage sales, and real estate taxes. There are price quotations and other responses to persons asking to purchase land. Included as well are letters concerning the construction, management, rental or lease, and maintenance of Walker-owned residential, commercial, office, and hotel properties, particularly in Minneapolis and including that city's Homestead (Walker) and State Theatre buildings.
The volumes contain letters of the RRLC, the Walker & Akeley partnership, the Penwalk Investment Company, the Barlow Realty Company, the Industrial Investment Company, the Walker-Pence Company, the Walker-Burton Company, the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, the Pacific Investment Company, the State Theatre Heating Company, Walker Associates, Walker Brothers, and the Superior Golf Course. There are also letters written on behalf of T. B. Walker, Susan Rogers Walker, and the Harriet G. Walker estate. Nearly all the the letters were written by Hodge, although most of them were written for the signature of others. A number of letters were written by Hans Lamprecht, who was evidently a stenographer. Other authors include Gilbert, Archie, and Hudson D. Walker, and Reuben H. Adams.
Recipients of letters include the RRLC offices at Akeley, Chicago, Westwood, and San Francisco; T. B. Walker, his sons, and his grandsons; and Florence Akeley Quirk Patterson (Minneapolis and California) and her attorney Hugh V. Mercer (Minneapolis). There are letters to Great Northern Iron Ore Properties officials J. H. Gruber (secretary), Lewis D. Newman (manager), and Robert A. Dudley (assistant secretary); realtors Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji), Ed. R. Bell (Akeley), and Elmer Madson (Grand Rapids); the B. F. Daniel Land Company (Akeley); and attorney W. B. Taylor (Grand Rapids). Letters were sent to real estate and financial services companies, including the Towle-Jamieson Investment Company (Minneapolis), the Arthur P. Smith Company (Minneapolis), and the Thorpe Bros. (Minneapolis); and there are numerous letters to banks and auditors, treasurers, and registers of deeds of various Minnesota counties.
Location Box
July 1, 1915-Jan. 4, 1917.
Feb. 20, 1919-June 3, 1919.
June 3, 1919-Oct. 18, 1919.
Oct. 18, 1919-March 13, 1920.
Location Box
March 15, 1920-Aug. 20, 1920.
Aug. 20, 1920-Feb. 3, 1921.
Feb. 2, 1921-July 5, 1921.
June 30, 1921-Dec. 31, 1921.
Dec. 31, 1921-June 21, 1922.
June 21, 1922-Feb. 12, 1923.
Feb. 12, 1923-Sept. 25, 1923.
Sept. 25, 1923-April 19, 1924.
Location Box
April 18, 1924-Jan. 28, 1925.
Jan. 28, 1925-Oct. 14, 1925.
Oct. 13, 1925-June 7, 1926.
June 7, 1926-March 26, 1927.
March 28, 1927-April 21, 1928.
April 23, 1928-April 11, 1929.
Location Box
April 12, 1920-Oct. 2, 1929.
Part of Gilbert M. Walker 1925-1928 volume.
Location Box
Feb. 6, 1931-June 25, 1932.
June 25, 1932-May 19, 1933.
May 19, 1933-Dec. 28, 1933.
Dec. 28, 1933-Sept. 5, 1934.
Sept. 4, 1934-Oct. 26, 1934.
Kline letterpress books:
The letterpress books kept by logging superintendent Frank J. Kline primarily concern Kline's supervision of logging contractors cutting timber on RRLC and Walker & Akeley partnership lands in Minnesota. Some of the letters were evidently written at the RRLC general offices in Minneapolis; many others at various northern Minnesota locations, including Crookston and Bemidji. The letters document the contractors' compliance with the terms of their contracts; the construction, supervision, and management of logging camps; the procurement of supplies for the camps; and accounting and bookkeeping in the camps. There is also information about the construction of logging railroad spur lines; payroll matters; lumber milling operations; real estate transactions; real estate taxes (levied, paid, delinquent); and miscellaneous litigation.
Most of the letters are signed by Kline and by RRLC lumber scaler W. P. Hebard. There are also letters signed by T. B., Gilbert, Fletcher, and Willis Walker; bookkeeper or accountant John S. Grist; advertising manager William B. Laughead; clerk Edward T. Hanford; scaler George Hebard (son of W. P. Hebard); and RRLC employees Henry G. Sherwood, C. T. Moffett, Maurice E. Hafey, and William L. Preble. In addition to the Walkers, recipients include logging contractors such as J. C. Sheasgreen, James D. Middleton, E. P. Arseneau, and S. C. Bagley; logging camp clerks; and timber examiner Barney Redding and timber estimator James Houston (both at Park Rapids, Minnesota). Letters were also sent to the company offices at Crookston and Minneapolis; RRLC secretary Charles B. March; realtor Jens J. Opsahl (Felton, Minnesota); D[avid?] R. Carr (Felton) and officials of various Minnesota banks and counties.
Location Box
July 13, 1887-July 3, 1888.
June 3, 1896-June 18, 1898.
Location Box
March 21, 1901-Jan. 26, 1903.
Jan. 26, 1903-Sept. 4, 1903.
Sept. 4, 1903-Feb. 28, 1904.
Feb. 27, 1904-Dec. 16, 1904.
Location Box
Kline correspondence, 1901-1909. 14 folders.
Kline foldered correspondence primarily concerns logging matters: equipment, supplies, accounting, bills payable, dealings with logging contracts, timber trespass, log drives, and the shipment of logs. These are primarily letters received, addressed to Kline at Bemidji and (later) at Akeley. Correspondents include Gilbert, Fletcher, and Willis Walker; Charles B. March, Charles W. Bennett, Louis R. Gorham, R. Ford Pray, William B. Laughead, and W. P. Hebard; G. G. Hartley (Duluth); and several logging contractors, including P. T. Devereaux, Merritt Devereaux, and Fagan Bros. There is correspondence with W. A. Mercer (acting Indian agent, Leech Lake Agency), regarding unauthorized cutting of green logs on Indian lands by the RRLC. Other correspondence is with Great Northern Railway Company officials; with W. H. Gemmell, general manager of both the Brainerd & Northern Minnesota Railway Company and the Minnesota & International Railway Company; with James P. Gardner, a Chicago-based dealer in railway equipment, in regard to construction of spur lines; and with various Minnesota banks.
Location Box
Priest correspondence, 1942-1945. 2 folders.
The file of Minneapolis correspondence with Chester E. Priest, who in the early 1940s was resident manager of the lumber division (Westwood), is in large part concerned with the veneer plant at Westwood. It provides information about improvements to the plant, purchases of equipment and machinery, and plant operations. There are letters relating to flume repairs and to the construction of a new flume; to a proposed reprinting of RRLC's Paul Bunyan book; and to the proposed sale of the town and mill to the Fruit Growers Supply Company. The file also includes reports and discussion about certain town-related operations, including the pool hall and bar, the club, the restaurant, the soda fountain, and the theater. There are also miscellaneous mill production reports and related information. Correspondents include Archie D. Walker; Justin V. and Walker Smith; A. L. Welder and C. R. Parker (both at Westwood); the Pine Industrial Relations Committee, Inc. (Klamath Falls, Oregon); and the U. S. War Production Board; the U. S. War Department, Southeastern Division (Dallas).
Location Box
Scammon letterpress book, March 10, 1914-March 12, 1915. Volume 11.
The volume of letters authored by Ellsworth G. Scammon, attorney and RRLC land man in California, is primarily concerned with routine California land matters, particularly land purchases and sales, and with the rental or lease of company lands to individuals for such purposes as livestock grazing or farming. Many letters respond to persons asking to rent or lease lands, while others document Scammon's efforts to interest persons in so doing. There are also letters relating to land titles, to the payment of real estate taxes on company land titles, and to miscellaneous Minnesota real estate matters. All of the letters are signed by Scammon, and seem to have originated in California. Recipients include T. B., Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis, Clinton, and Archie Walker; the RRLC office at Westwood; Chester L. Hovey (San Fransico); Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji); and various California banks, abstract companies, and county officials. This appears to be volume 11 of a larger set of Scammon letterpress books, none of the rest of which are present.
Location Box
Scammon correspondence, 1920-1943. 18 folders.
Folder Minneapolis correspondence with Scammon primarily concerns the acquisitions and management of California lands. These are mainly Scammon's outgoing letters. They give information about land purchases, leases, sales, and trades, including a 1938 deal with the Diamond Match Company; much of the correspondence documents the mechanics of these transactions. There are letters concerning abstract and title work, real estate taxes, Walker-owned ranches, the company's involvement in cattle and dairy operations, and timber sales and trespass. There is information about taxes on the Andrus-Taylor trustees' lands and about the Waland Lumber Company and its taxes. Correspondents include T. B., Archie, Willis, and Kenneth Walker, Reisa Kohn (stenographer, Minneapolis), Charles W. Bennett, and Guy C. Shafer. There is also correspondence with tax officials of various California counties, and with the lessees of company-owned lands, particularly grazing lands, with references to leases by number (for which see: California Lands).
Location Box
Shafer correspondence, 1939-1948. 5 folders.
Minneapolis correspondence with Guy C. Shafer, an accountant or bookkeeper at Westwood, includes information on a variety of financial, accounting, and tax matters relative to the RRLC as well as to several subsidiaries, to other family-owned corporations and family partnerships, and to various individual family members. There is also correspondence concerning RRLC dividends, partial retirement of its Class "A" stock, and various stockholders-and stock-related matters, especially vis-a-vis tax laws. There is information about RRLC and Waland Lumber Company corporate taxes; Barlow Realty Company accounting; abandonment of the Piute Railroad and related accounting and tax matters; the preparation of tax returns for various Walker business organizations and for certain family members; and federal and state (California and Minnesota) income tax and accounting problems and questions. Correspondents include Archie and Theodore Walker; Justin V. and Dana C. Smith; and Minneapolis attorney Josiah E. Brill.
Location Box
Smith letterpress book, Nov. 5, 1920-March 29, 1921.
The 60 pages of Dana C. Smith letters concern miscellaneous legal, real estate, and contract matters. They also include information about the rental or lease of RRLC-owned commercial real estate in Minneapolis; the collection of back rent; the eviction of tenants; the assignment of leases and contracts to the Walkers; real estate taxes; and miscellaneous accounting, financial, and legal matters. The volume was kept by Smith (a son of Julia Walker Smith), evidently while he was serving as a clerk in the RRLC Minneapolis offices. The letters are of the RRLC, the Minneapolis Central City Market Company, and the Industrial Investment Company. Letters written by RRLC secretary Archie D. Walker also appear. Recipients include Willis J. Walker; R. O. Naegele, John F. Nichols, E. R. Frissel, and W. C. Lewis (all of Minneapolis); the Tozer Lumber Company (Minneapolis); and the Jordan Holten Company (Wadena, Minnesota).
Location Box
Welder/Jensen Correspondence, 1943-1946.
Minneapolis correspondence with office managers Albert L. Welder and Edward B. Jensen (who evidently succeeded Welder sometime in 1945) is concerned with routine company financial, accounting, and banking matters. There are also cash forecast reports and estimates; miscellaneous other financial statements and reports; and information on RRLC purchases of U. S. government bonds; on the Canby Railroad; on Barlow Realty Company; and on the Walker-owned Commodore Hotel (St. Paul). Correspondents include Archie and Kenneth Walker and Justin V. Smith.

Logging Papers

The logging papers consist of individual files of correspondence, leases and agreements, tract maps, and various supporting documents related primarily to logging operations conducted on specific tracts of land, mainly in Minnesota, by specific logging contractors. The great majority of the files relate to Minnesota; contractors were much less used in the Walker's California logging operations. The files are organized by state and thereunder alphabetically by contractor. Some miscellaneous but closely related subject files are interspersed within the alphabetical sequence. (Other groups of logging papers are found in Walker & Akeley Records and T. B. Walker Papers).
The contractors' files typically include correspondence (with and/or about the contractor) about particular logging operations in particular seasons, together with various supporting documentation. Each file generally includes agreements with the RRLC, which give specifics of the operation; township plat maps, with tracts colored in to show lands cut; and lists of supplies furnished the contractors and their men. There is usually information about the contractors' accounts with the company, camp accounts, and log marks used. There frequently are also superintendents' weekly camp reports (providing such information as the number of men and horses in camp, sleds running, saws running, amount hauled per day); sample time checks; miscellaneous scale reports; and sometimes such items as lease agreements for horses and harnesses.
Correspondents include the logging contactors, particularly S. C. Bagley, Connors Bros., Fagan Bros., Robinson & Dick, and John Sibley; Willis and Clinton Walker; R. Ford Pray; Minnesota state forester William T. Cox; the Minnesota Forest Service (includes notices to dispose of sash and debris); and A. B. Robbins, Minnesota Surveyor General of Logs and Lumber.
An Indian reservation timber file (5 folders) contains correspondence and memoranda agreements, logging contracts, information about supplies, and other material related primarily to the purchase by RRLC of dead and down timber cut by Indian loggers on the Red Lake, Leech Lake, and White Earth reservations, mainly in 1898. Some of the material may relate to logging of green timber on lands ceded by the Red Lake Chippewa under the Nelson Act of 1889. Some earlier papers (ca. 1885) pertain to T. B.'s construction of dams for log driving purposes on the Clearwater River and its tributaries at points within reservations.
Location Box
Akeley Office (R. F. Pray) correspondence, 1910-1911.
Backus-Brooks Company log and lumber deals, 1898-1900.
Bagley, S. C.:
Settlement of account, 1891-1894.
Bagley, S. C. (et al.), undated and 1885-1909.
Briggs, T. S., 1909-1910.
Butler, A. M., 1911-1912.
Carr, B. M., 1909-1913.
Carr, D. R. (Chief Inspector), 1909-1913.
Check scale reports, undated and 1909-1910.
Christ, P. D., 1911-1913.
Clay & O'Malley, 1900-1912.
Connors, Samuel, 1912-1913.
Connors Bros.:
Cook, W. G., 1912-1913.
Cutting inspections, 1911-1913.
Deadhead salvage, 1918-1924.
Defoer, Joseph H., 1907-1913.
Defoer Bros., 1911-1912.
DeLaittre, C. P., 1891.
Dent, W. F., 1913.
Devereaux, William, 1910-1912.
Didier, N. P., 1912.
Dippold, George, 1912-1913.
Fagan Bros.:
Gannon, Henry, 1911.
Green, M., 1910-1913.
Hinchy Bros., 1909-1910.
Location Box
Indian reservation timber, 1884-1898. 5 folders.
Irwin, John Wesley, 1888.
Jenks, C. J.; Warren, E. E., 1911-1912.
Kimball, Warren, 1911-1913.
Kline, F. J., 1881-1892.
Kruft, Adolph, 1911-1913.
Log bark and stamp marks, undated and 1891-1893.
Log sales, 1892-1901[?].
Logging contractors' notices, 1908-1909.
Lumber camp weekly reports, 1908-1909. 3 folders.
Lusk, W. W.; Sliter, A. E., 1912-1913.
McIvor, George, 1912-1913.
McNair, James, 1903.
McReavy & McReavy, 1905-1906.
Martin Bros., 1915-1919.
Middleton's "Notes," 1897.
Minnesota Forest Service:
Mississippi & Schoolcraft Boom & Improvement Company, 1901-1904.
Moberg, John, 1907.
Myers, Torkelson, et al., 1887-1891.
Nary, T. D., 1912.
Neal, W. E.: Expense accounts, 1882.
Nelson, Andrew, 1911-1913.
Nelson, B. F., undated.
Nelson-Frey Company, 1900-1904.
Northern Minnesota Log Driving & Boom Company, 1891-1892.
Phelps, E. C., 1911-1912.
Pine logs in TBW boom at Crookston, 1885.
Reports (miscellaneous), 1910-1912.
Robinson Bros., 1909-1913.
Robinson & Dick:
Location Box
Scale reports, Dec. 1912-March 1913.
Scalers report, season of 1912 and 1913.
Selby, L. F.; Steel and Drake, 1912-1913.
Selby & Mosher, 1911-1912.
Sibley, John:
Spang & Hoolihan, 1915-1916.
Spurlin, Clarence, 1913.
Stevens, A. M., 1911-1912.
Timber trespass, undated and 1890-1893.
Time checks (miscellaneous), 1899-1901.
Urban & McLean, 1887-1888.
Walker, Willis J., 1909-1914.
Warren Bros., 1888-1889.
White Earth Reservation logging, 1885-1889.
Wilson Bros., 1909-1910.
Wilson, John, 1911-1913.
Wilkins Bros. & Hinds, 1910-1913.
Ziegenbein, A., 1912-1913.
Miscellany, undated and 1885-1914.
Gardner, Irvine P.: Timber estimates, 1923.
McCloud River Lumber Company, undated and 1920-1925.
Total cutover lands report (1912-1934), 1934.
Miscellany, undated and 1898-1926.


Bond files contain correspondence and papers relating to various RRLC bond issues, commencing in 1913; to the financial difficulty in which the company found itself during the 1930s depression, when it was unable to repay bonds coming due and to its efforts to stay afloat and eventually redeem its bonds. Archie Walker's replacement of his brother Willis as RRLC president in 1933 was directly related to the company's financial crisis.
The bond files include letters sent by the company to its bondholders asking them for a five-year extension; there are also numerous replies from bondholders, some of whom demanded payment. There is information about a plan whereby RRLC bondholders could exchange their bonds for those of the McCloud River Lumber Company. There are files on a 1938 $1,500,000 loan made to the RRLC ($750,000 each from Northwestern National Bank and Trust Company of Minneapolis and the First National Bank and Trust Company of Minneapolis) which enabled it to pay off its First Mortgage 5 1/2% bonds maturing on November 1, 1938.
Correspondents include Archie D. Walker; BancNorthwest Company, Northwestern National Bank, First National Bank, and the Minnesota Loan and Trust Company (all of Minneapolis); and banks and bondholders throughout the Midwest.
Location Box
Individual Bonds:
Clipped coupons (miscellaneous), 1912-1915.
First mortgage 5% gold bonds, 1913.
#3 bond papers not issued Oct. 26, 1914.
First mortgage 5% bonds: Prospectus, 1917.
6% notes (1922).
Trust deed (RRLC to Minnesota Loan and Trust Company, trustee), 1926.
First mortgage 5-1/2% serial gold bonds (1927), 1927-1930.
First mortgage 5% serial gold bonds (1929), 1929-1931.
Trust indenture, 1929. [RRLC to Minnesota Loan and Trust Company and C. V. Smith]
First mortgage 5 1/2% serial gold bonds, series "B" (1930), 1930-1932.
Bond extensions:
Correspondence, 1933-1938. 5 folders.
Deposit agreement, 1933.
RRLC and Minnesota Loan and Trust Company.
Extension plan, 1933. [1927 and 1930 issues]
Certificate of deposit insurance record:
[1927 series], 1933-1937. 2 folders.
[1930 series], 1933-1937. 2 folders.
Miscellaneous data relative to extensions in 1935, 1932-1934.
Miscellaneous data relative to 1935 to Nov. 1, 1938 extension, undated.
Unextended bonds, 1933-1938.
Legal Files:
#1206, 1909-1921.
#1398, 1913-1927.
#3771, 1922.
#4528, 1925-1929.
#4585, 1926-1929.
#5645, 1929-1936.
Subject Files:
Location Box
General correspondence, 1938-1941.
Correspondence with banks [Northwestern and First National of Minneapolis], 1938-1939.
Correspondence with family, 1938.
Correspondence with Westwood, 1938.
Partial reconveyance of trust premises documents, undated. [1930s]
Bank Loan:
Amended application for $1,500,000 loan, 1938.
Collateral pledge agreement, Oct. 1, 1938.
General correspondence, undated and 1938-1941.
Correspondence with banks [Northwestern and First National of Minneapolis, et al.], 1938-1939.
Correspondence with directors, stockholders, Brill & Maslon, et al., 1938.
Correspondence with family, 1938.
Indenture of Mortgage, Oct. 1, 1938.
[RRLC to First Nat'l.]
Supplemental Indenture, Oct. 1, 1938. [1927 Series]
Supplemental Indenture, Oct. 1, 1938. [1930 Series]
Miscellaneous Reports and Statements, undated and 1938-1941.
Miscellaneous Papers, 1938-1941.
McLeod Bond Exchange, 1933-1938.
Prospectuses, March 18, 1933.
[incl. McCloud prospectuses, and related misc. correspondence and papers]
Correspondence, 1933-1938.
Exhibits (D-4 to D-16), 1932-1934.2 folders.
Andrus-RRLC-McCloud Agreement, 1933.
Lists of McCloud Bonds Outstanding, 1933-1935.
Miscellaneous Papers, 1932-1933.

Subject Files

The subject files consist largely of miscellaneous correspondence, reports, legal and financial papers, maps, photographs, and other materials that surfaced in the course of processing, although some were found already grouped and identified as they appear in the box list. The files have been organized alphabetically by folder title.
There are fairly large groupings of files on Akeley, Crookston, Minneapolis, and Westwood; the Foote Lumber and Coal Company; the Hennepin Lumber Company; labor organization; and several of the RRLC's corporate affiliates. Litigation files include legal papers and tax lists (1898-1901) pertaining to the Beltrami County tax suit [See T. B. Walker Papers: Business Subject Files]. There is a copy of the Lumbermen's Finance Corp. articles of incorporation (1922); items relating to Northwest Warehousing Company, to the Piute Railroad, and to the RRLC dissolution (1945); stockholders materials; timber questionnaires; files of corporate records, financial data and miscellany of the Waland Lumber Company and the Walker-Burton Company; and items pertaining to the Westwood National Bank (1922-1939).
The Akeley, Crookston, Minneapolis and Westwood files contain a variety of reports, statistics, property and equipment files, land data, financial information, and miscellany that did not appropriately belong in other series. There are photographs of the Akeley and Crookston mills and operations.
Location Box
Acme Lumber Company incorporation, 1904-1906.
Agency distributions, 1963.
Akeley, Minnesota:
Akeley Herald Tribune, 1909.
Clippings, undated and 1904-1926.
Electrification of village, 1917.
Land and lot payments, 1912-1914.
Logs and cut lumber photos, undated and 1913-1916.
Mattie Johnson prostitution case, 1908.
Mill photos, 1914-1916.
Milling equipment inventories, 1918-1920.
Moore, Russell: Oral history interview transcript, 1976.
Original is at North Central Minnesota Historical Center, Bemidji.
Planing mill dust collecting system, 1903.
Railroads, 1900-1910.
Report of Akeley mill and yard, Jan. 1906.
Sales of mill equipment, etc., 1917.
Side track to sawmill and planing mill, 1899-1903.
Telephone lines, undated and 1900-1901.
Thiessen Pickle Company lease, 1916.
Townsite lots not paid for, 1912.
Real estate taxes, 1901-1920.
"The Willows": Inventory, 1914.
American Locomotive Company (New York City), 1916.
Andrus Trusts: Interim report and tentative statements, 1929.
Articles of incorporation, undated and 1884-1936.
Backus-Brooks Company: Log purchases, undated and 1894-1907. 4 folders.
Backus-RRLC agreement as to securities, July 2, 1896.
Bemidji Mill site, 1900-1901.
Benedict, Ford W., 1889-1893.
Brooks-Scanlon Lumber Company sawmill at Scanlon, Minnesota: Sale to RRLC, 1909.
Browne, R. H., undated and 1906.
California forest fires report, 1916.
California pine box distributors, 1934.
Chicago, Illinois:
Board of Education revolving fund bonds of 1934, 1934.
Chicago yard:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1944-1946. 2 folders.
Fire and settlement of claims, 1945-1946.
Photos, undated and 1928.
Chico [California] Lumber yard: Photos, undated.
Company not identified.
Chief of Leach Lake, 1898-1900.
Steam-powered boat.
Clear Creek flume, 1944-1945.
Corporation report, 1907.
Crookston, Minnesota:
Red Lake River boom and Water Power Company - Crookston boom and Water Power Company contract, 1883-1886.
Crookston Mill:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1884.
Photos, 1885, [ca.1900?].
Plat map, 1902.
Sale, 1897-1903.
Directors, undated and 1900-1933.
Dissolution of RRLC, 1945.
Drexel Hotel operating teports, undated and 1930-1934.
El Dorado Mill & Lumber Company: Synopsis and prospectus, undated.
Employment applications, 1891, 1940-1943.
Executive salaries (1934), 1936.
Facts Brochure, [ca.1915].
Location Box
Foote Lumber and Coal Company:
Materials pertaining to the Foote Lumber and Coal Company a Twin Cities retail lumber subsidiary of the RRLC include financial information, such as various statements, balance sheets, and miscellaneous reports; data on accounts payable and accounts receivable; lists of checks issued; and accounting worksheets (there are no final copies). There are lists of stockholders and bondholders, and corporate income tax information. The file also includes an audit report prepared by Austin, Coward and Company (Minneapolis), and a "special report" by Anderson, Kroeger & Company (certified public accountants, Minneapolis). Correspondents include G. C. Shafer (Minneapolis); A. L. Welder (office manager) and Henry Neunaber (accountant or bookkeeper?), both at Westwood; and Minneapolis attorney Josiah E. Brill. (See also Barlow Realty Company Records).
1929-1935. 7 folders.
Profit and loss statements, 1933-1937.
Freight rates (Minnesota), undated.
Gage, F. K. (Northwestern Collection Service), 1930-1935.
Great Northern Railway Company, 1900-1910. 3 folders.
The files include various agreements between the GN and the RRLC; information about RRLC spur lines, particularly the Solway Spur, the Rice River Spur, the Crooked Lake Spur, and Spur Seventy-Five (or "Bagley Spur"). There is also material relating to contracts for shipment of logs. Correspondents include Great Northern general managers F. E. Ward and J. M. Gruber; W. W. Broughton (freight traffic manager); and W. H. Gemmell, vice president of the Brainerd & Northern Minnesota Railway Company
Great Western Power Company, undated and 1913.
Haft, Robert M., 1974.
Hennepin Holding Company, 1911.
Hennepin Lumber Company, undated and 1906-1926.
Hennepin Paper Company, 1936.
International Lumber Company: Correspondence with Minneapolis, 1918.
Inventory of Stock, 1899.
Kimball, Esther M., 1920-1922.
Files relating to labor and trade union organization include information about the "4-L" organization. There are two 1937 issues of its weekly "Lumber Labor Letter"; five 1937 issues of its bi-monthly "The Four L Lumber News"; and a report of the 1935 annual meeting of its board of directors (Theodore S. Walker served on this board).
There is also some information about Lumber & Sawmill Workers Local 2836, including working agreements between the local and RRLC, 1940 election results, and legal briefs and other papers (1938-1940) pertaining to National Labor Relations Board vs. Red River Lumber Company, a suit over RRLC's labor relations conduct. Correspondents include Archie and Theodore S. Walker; S. W. MacDonald, manager of the RRLC industrial relations department; and W. C. Corbett, Local 2836 secretary-treasurer.
The labor files also include five reports (April 1922) from "No. 96," evidently a company spy whose job it was to mingle with the workers in order to detect union organizing activities or sentiment, particularly by or for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
General information, 1937-1940.
Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen (4-L), 1935-1937.
Lumber & Sawmill Workers, Local 2836 (AFL), 1938-1943.
RRLC-Industrial Employees Union working agreement, 1937.
Reports of Company Spy No. 96, 1922.
Rose, Gerald M.: "The Westwood Lumber Strike," 1972.
Article appearing in Labor History, vol. 13, No. 2, Spring 1972.
Lassen County Historical Society, 1962.
Lassen Electric Company:
Location Box
Mortgage bonds, 1921.
Location Box
Lassen Ledger, 1981.
Journal of the Lassen County Historical Society.
Laughead, William B.: Clippings, undated and 1925.
Legislation: Bill (S.F. 42) Providing for a Lien for Labor upon Logs, Timber, and Lumber, 1876.
List of copy books in Jewelers Exchange vault, undated.
Beltrami county tax suit:
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1901.
Defendants' answers, 1900.
Plaintiff's reply, 1900.
Judgment, 1901.
Tax Llsts:
Beltrami County, 1898-1901.
Cass County, ca. [1900?].
Itasca County, undated and 1898-1900.
See also TBW and Barlow series.
Location Box
Polk County, 1893-1899.
Various counties, undated and 1896-1899. 2 folders.
Carver Bros. vs. RRLC, 1901-1908.
Breach of contract.
Harding, George, 1907-1908.
Re: railroad ties.
Karlson, Carrie vs. RRLC (et al.), 1923.
RRLC vs. S. A. March, 1929-1933. [2971]
RRLC vs. U.S.A. (Red River 1945 Tax Suit), 1953-1955.
U.S. Court of Claims.
Long-Bell Lumber Corporation, 1936-1937.
Los Angeles, California: Photos, undated.
Lumber grading, 1906-1922.
Lumber price lists, 1890-1926.
Lumber survey (U.S. Dept. of Commerce), 1938.
Lumber trust proposition, 1891.
Lumbermen's Finance Corp.: Articles of incorporation, 1922.
Lyon (Grace) Loan, 1899-1905.
Minneapolis, Minnesota:
2931 Hennepin Ave. (store building) construction file (A-Z), 1920.
Invoices paid (A-Z), 1943-1946.
Lyndale Garage construction File (A-Z), 1920.
Minneapolis & Central Minnesota Railway Company, 1913.
Minnesota: Clippings, undated and 1896-1942.
Mississippi Valley Lumberman, 1944.
Moore (Roy L.) note (judgment entered), 1931-1932.
National Association of Manufacturers, 1943-1944.
National Industrial Conference Board, Inc., 1940.
National Lumber Manufacturers Association:
Correspondence, 1929.
Reports and publications, 1916, 1929.
Survey of the lumber industry, 1928.
Northern California Power Company, 1910-1917. 3 folders.
Northwest Warehousing Company, 1928-1935.
Materials relating to the Northwest Warehousing Company, Minneapolis, which was owned and operated by the RRLC and later by Barlow Realty Company, includes operating statements, profit and loss statements, miscellaneous balance sheets, and a list of loans. (See also: Barlow Realty Company Records).
Notes (charged off) of RRLC and other companies, 1925-1936.
Nygaard, M. M.: Purchases of Railroad ties, 1901.
Location Box
Pacific Gas and Electric Company -RRLC power deal, 1920.
Pacific Lumber, Paper and Pulp Company:
Certificate of incorporation, ca. 1916.
Syndicate agreement, 1917.
TBW agreements with Bartnett, Dec. 1916.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1916-1917.
Paul Bunyan, undated and 1937-1963.
Piute Railroad (1934-1935).
Plywood Panels (promotional material), undated.
Ponderosa Pine Woodwork [Assn.], 1943-1945.
Powell River Paper Company, 1920.
Red River Agency file, undated and 1941-1949. 2 folders.
RRLC christmas card, undated.
Retail Lumber yards on Iron Range, 1909.
Rubel Furniture Company accounts, undated and 1924-1925.
Salesmen: Calling card, ca. 1915.
Sawmill machinery and equipment, undated and [ca. 1900?].
Shasta Land & Timber Company, undated.
Shasta Mill, 1942.
Shuman, John Rogers (trustee, RRLC in liquidation), 1958.
Southern Pacific Company, 1913.
The stockholders files include schedules and lists of company stockholders, giving names of individuals, number of shares owned, and other pertinent information. There are "Basis for Distributing Stockholders Basis Expense" reports; and "Information and Values of Red River Lumber Company Capital Stock" report; miscellaneous waivers and proxies; notices of special meetings; directors and stockholders resolutions; and some sample stock certificates. There is also a 22-page letter (ca. 1936) from Archie Walker as RRLC president to the company's stockholders.
1893-1948. 2 folders.
Lists, 1923-1924.
Sulphite mill, 1920.
Taxation, 1922.
Taxes: Timber questionnaires:
Taxes files comprise ten folders of timber questionnaires which were prepared as supplements to the RRLCs income tax return forms. These questionnaires include maps; information about purchases of timber and/or land; profit or loss from sales of land and timber and from sales of cutover land; and information about timber cutting. Similar questionnaires are found in the Waland Lumber Company file.
["Forest Industries Schedules...supplemental to the Income Tax Return Form for taxpayers operating, buying, leasing, or selling timber lands" (U.S. Treasury Dept.)]
1913-1931. 7 folders.
Location Box
1932-1935. 3 folders.
Tozer Lumber Company, 1928-1934. 3 folders.
Waland Lumber Company:
Balance dheet, 1932.
Capital stock tax return (1937) data, 1936-1937.
Corporate record book, 1903-1917.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, undated and 1927-1937.
Daily cash statements, 1938-1939.
Operations report, 1924-1928.
Taxes: Timber questionnaires, 1913-1936.3 folders.
Miscellany, undated and 1916.
Walker, Minnesota: Clippings, undated and 1896.
Walker, T. B.: Sale of California Timberlands to RRLC, undated.
Walker-Burton Company:
Correspondence (miscellaneous), 1910-1916.
Income taxes, 1913-1928.
Shubert Theatre building:
Demolition (possible), 1988.
Specifications, 1909.
Stockholders, 1911-1925. 2 folders.
Secretary's record book, 1909-1926.
General journals:
Jan. 2, 1914-May 29, 1922.
June 1, 1922-Jan. 29, 1923.
Location Box
Feb. 1, 1923-Dec. 31, 1926.
General ledgers:
Westwood, California:
The files related to Westwood include a substantial set of photo albums, panoramas, and foldered photographs of town and mill scenes. There are numerous identified photographs of individual residential and commercial buidings, as well as photos taken at the plant itself.
Accident report, 1922.
Advertising and publicity, undated and 1923, 1941.
Automobiles (RRLC-owned), 1922.
Clippings, undated and 1898-1925.
Daily Management Conference minutes, 1933-1937. 2 folders.
Diesel tractors, 1935.
Employee suggestions, 1940-1941.
Historical narrative, undated.
Insurance, undated and 1921-1922.
Lumber milling equipment and machinery, undated and 1934-1935.
Lumber stock reports and inventories, 1931-1934.
Narrative (unidentified), [ca. 1920?].
Office personnel, 1940.
Aerial photo, undated.
Buildings, street scenes, etc., undated and 1923-1925.
Farm and ranch scenes, undated and 1923.
Fire Dept., [1920s?].
Mill scenes and miscellaneous, undated and 1912-1930.
Including some other companies' mills.
Mill scenes, undated [ca. 1920s?]. 2 folders.
Location Box
Mill panorama, 1919.
Mill scenes, undated.
Location Box
Mill view (oversized), undated.
Location Box
Photo albums [town and mill scenes]:
Ca. 1920? [green cover]
Mill and buildings; commercial buildings; houses in Westwood; lumber camp buildings.
Ca. 1920? [black cover]
Mill views and buildings; logging scenes; workers; equipment.
Location Box
Undated and 1912-1916. [acidic pages]
Ca. 1920?
Location Box
Residential streets panorama, undated.
Rooming houses (wide-angle view), undated [ca. 1919?]
Town and mill panorama, 1924.
Location Box
Theatre building, undated.
Planning Committee reports, 1943-1946.
Railroads, undated and 1899-1926.
Ready, Lester S., 1944.
Research Dept. (F. O. Lloyd), 1942.
Sale to Fruit Growers Supply Company:
Clippings, 1944-1945.
Costigan, Henry D., 1944.
Location Box
Legal documents, 1944-1945. 3 folders.
Miller, Chevalier, Peeler & Wilson, 1944.
Schools report, 1953.
Shipping reports (1920-1939).
Special Conference minutes, 1934.
Tests on stock, undated and 1932-1938.
Wage schedule, May 9, 1932.
Walker (Fletcher L.) reports, 1937.
Westwood National Bank:
Audit report, 1926.
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1922-1937.
Data re: Stock and liquidating dividend, 1935-1937.
Wholesale customers, undated and 1915-1919.
Wholesale price list, 1911.
Wm. Warnock Company building (Sioux City, Iowa), 1930.
Winton, Dave: Report, 1933.
Including an accompanying report perhaps written by Jack Clayton, 1933.
Miscellaneous papers, undated and 1890-1931.


These consist largely of photos of lumberjacks, logging scenes, equipment, and machinery of too general a nature to lend themself readily to interfiling with the Subject Files. Photographs relating to the Red River mills at Crookston, Akeley, and Westwood and to various branch offices, are included in the Subject Files. The photographs have been grouped geographially: Minnesota, California, and other; most are of California.
Location Box
Logging scenes, undated [ca. 1910?].
Lumberjacks and Logging scenes, undated and 1898-1903.
Miscellany, undated.
Location Box
Bridge across Pitt River, undated.
Location Box
California Redwoods, undated [ca. 1915?].
Company not identified.
Cut lumber, undated and 1920.
Equipment, undated and 1920-1933. 4 folders.
Landscapes and standing timber, undated and 1912-1933.
Logging scenes (unidentified), undated [ca.1915?].
Photos by A. K. Moore.
Lumberjacks and Logging scenes, undated and 1920-1926.
McCloud, California [all of them?], undated [ca.1915?].
Location Box
Camp Bunyan[?] panorama photograph, undated.
Landscapes and standing timber, 1923.
Loading site in the timber panorama photograph, undated.
"Paul Bunyan's Prosperity Special" train panorama photograph, undated.
Susanville panorama photo, 1919.
Location Box
Plywood promotional photos, undated.
Ranching scenes:
Undated [ca. 1920?].
Sierra Lumber Company, undated [ca. 1915?].
Miscellany, undated.
Other photos:
Brick-making equipment [?] photos, [ca.1911?]. 2 folders.

Minute Books

The RRLC minute books contain minutes of directors and stockholders meetings, copies of its articles of incorporation and bylaws, waivers and proxies, stock sale offers from various stockholders to the company, and other miscellany. They provide information about directors and officers appointments, the issuance of dividends, the company's financial condition, land conveyances, routine operational and financial matters, and the liquidation of the RRLC, including the sale of Westwood and various timber tracts to the Fruit Growers Supply Company. There is also a set of minutes of the trustees of the Red River Lumber Company in Liquidation (1945-1956).
Location Box
Nov. 8, 1884-June 1, 1921. 2 folders.
June 14, 1921-Dec. 30, 1933. 3 folders.
Volume "1". Jan. 2, 1934-Sept. 25, 1939. ["copy"] 2 folders.
Volume "2". Jan. 2, 1934-April 5, 1948. 3 folders.
Volume "2". Sept. 30, 1939-Dec. 4, 1944; Sept. 26, 1956; Oct. 15, 1956. 2 folders.
March 19, 1945-Nov. 8, 1956. 2 folders.
RRLC in Liquidation.

Financial Records

These consist largely of financial records, including a daybook (1904), general journals (1881-1900), cash books (1884-1924), miscellaneous ledgers (1905-1928), bills payable ledgers (1911-1921), a rent ledger (1911-1914), rent record sheets (1920-1935), and a trial balance book (1912-1914). These volumes relate primarily to the Minnesota business of the RRLC; there seems to be very little material pertaining to company operations in California. They include some information about Walker & Akeley partnership finances, and at least one of the volumes served as an exhibit in the Walker lawsuit against the Akeley heirs. There is also a variety of balance sheets, operations reports, income and expense statements, financial statements, depreciation statements, and accounting miscellany (mainly 1913-1937), focused on the California operations. Also present are an accident register (1913-1918), branch yard daily reports (1931), and an inventory of the company sawmill at Akeley (ca. 1916?).
This does not seem to be by any means a complete set of financial and accounting records; a number of volumes appear to be missing, and may be in the custody of successor Walker family lumber businesses in California.
Where appropriate, some of the larger and more difficult to handle volumes were unbound and their contents placed in file folders in order to better facilitate researcher use.
Location Box
Daybook, May 20, 1904-Nov. 26, 1904.
"Tenstrike, Minnesota."
Location Box
General journals:
Sept. 14, 1881-Dec. 31, 1885.
Unidentified Minneapolis firm.
Sept. 1, 1886-Dec. 31, 1890.
Cash received; lumber?
May 12, 1894-Sept. 27, 1900[?].
Chronological financial record of the RRLC and the Walker & Akeley partnership.
Location Box
Cash books:
Nov. 1, 1884-Aug. 31, 1886.
Def. Exhibit 56.
Location Box
March 1, 1908-May 31, 1912.
"Cash & Check" record including RRLC, W & A, TBW.
Location Box
Cash and miscellaneous journal "L", Oct. 2, 1916-Dec. 16, 1922.
Location Box
Nov. 27, 1916-Feb. 1, 1918.
Rent cash book, 1920-1924.
Location Box
Lumber sales journal, Jan. 1, 1916-Nov. 28, 1922.
Location Box
Miscellaneous ledgers:
1905-1928 Unidentified.
RRLC-Akeley, "K."
Location Box
1907-1917, A-K. Folders 1-10.
Location Box
1907-1917, L-Z. Folders 11-20.
Location Box
Unidentified; accounts with lumber companies, banks, and other businesses in several midwestern states (lumber sales?).
1909-1917, A-L. Folders 1-10.
Location Box
1909-1917, M-Z. Folders 11-18.
Location Box
1926-1929 (A-Z). 3 folders.
Bills payable ledgers:
Including TBW, W & A, Mpls. Central City Market Company.
Various companies, mostly RRLC.
Location Box
Rent ledger, 1911-1914.
Location Box
Rent record sheets, 1920-1935. 1 volume.
Also includes rents due Industrial Investment Company, and other Walker companies and family members.
Location Box
Trial Balance, 1912-1914.
Accident register, Oct. 4, 1913-Dec. 23, 1918.
Location Box
Branch Yard daily reports, Jan. 2, 1931-Oct. 31, 1931. 4 folders.
Unidentified Minneapolis lumber yard, perhaps Foote; cumulative by month; end-of-month reports could be retained and the rest discarded.
Location Box
Inventory of Akeley Sawmill, [ca.1916?].
Location Box
Miscellaneous financial reports, statements, etc.:
Location Box
Akeley.5 folders.
Minneapolis. 4 folders.
Location Box
Miscellaneous financial statements and volume pages:
Balance sheets, 1933-1936.
Balance sheets, income and expense statements, 1935-1936. [monthly].
Balance sheets and reports of operations [Westwood], 1922-1924, 1927-1928, 1933-1934.
Monthly; many gaps.
Location Box
Balance sheets and reports of operations [Westwood], 1922-1924, 1927-1928, 1933-1934.
Monthly; many gaps.
Depreciation and plant investment statements, 1913-1925.
Recapitulation of depreciation schedule, 1913-1925.
General lkumber inventory sheets, 1921, 1933-1936.
Mercantile accounts, monthly report, Red River Lumber Company, Westwood, 1921.
Location Box
Plant operations, monthly report, Red River Lumber Lumber Company, Westwood, 1921.
Profit and loss operating expense statements, Red River Lumber Company, Westwood, 1933-1945(?). [monthly].
Sales abstracts, 1921-1922. [monthly].
Spur Line construction costs, 1922-1928.
Location Box
Statements of accounts receivable and accounts payable Red River Lumber Company, Westwood, 1933-1937.
Statements of wholesale accounts, Red River Lumber Company, 1921-1922.
Westwood National Bank audit analysis, 1933-1934.
Miscellaneous financial statements, reports, and other information, 1917-1936.
Location Box
Payroll, Sept. 1916-Dec. 1922.
Location Box
Minneapolis office payroll, Sept. 1, 1918-Dec. 1, 1922.
Including RRLC and various other Walker companies.

Items Flat-Filed

A number of oversized maps and drawings related to the RRLC and its operations have been filed separately. They include plats of the Crookston mill site (1884-1913), plans and diagrams (Sanborn) of the Akeley mill, maps of Westwood and drawings of some of its buildings, maps of other California sites, strike and labor union announcements, and related miscellany.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 1
Crookston and Grand Forks
"Proposed Change of Tracks and of Elevators at Carman, Minnesota" [adjacent to RRLC's Crookston mill site], [ca.1897?].
Blueprint schematic drawing
"Plat of Land-Marks," [at RRLC's Crookston mill site], 1884.
Linen plat map.
"Map of Crookston Minnesota," 1914.
Not annotated.
"Carman, Polk Company, Minn.," 1881?
Plat map.
"Sletten and Cromb's Sub-Division of Out-Lots in Hurlbut's Adtn. to Crookston, Minn.," undated.
Plat map.
"Sletten & Cromb's Sub-Division of Out-Lots in Hurlbut's Addition to the City of Crookston, Minn.," undated.
Plat map.
"Grand Forks, Dakota," undated [ca. 1885?].
Plat map showing Grand Forks, and East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
"Map of the City of Grand Forks, Dakota," undated [ca. 1885].
Plat map showing Grand Forks, and East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 2
Crookston (project-related maps):
Sanborn maps showing mill site:
1884. (portion) (saw mill only)
1884. (portion) (planing mill only)
1888. (portion) (saw mill only)
1890. (p. 7)
1896. (p. 7)
1896. (p. 8)
1896. (index)
1900. (p. 7) (Crookston & St. Hilaire Lumber Company)
1906. (p. 12) (Crookston Lumber Company)
1913. (p. 13) (Crookston Lumber Company)
Plat Maps (misc. portions):
[show most of the town as well as mill area]
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 3
Sanborn map showing plant and lumber piles, 1907.
Sawmill plans and schematic diagrams:
Hog House, undated [ca. 1910?].
Side elevation of Lath Mill, undated.
Boiler conveyor, undated.
Erection plan of main tightner, undated.
Erection plan of saw mill, undated.
Sawing floor of saw mill, undated.
Machinery floor of saw mill, undated.
Akeley Herald-Tribune, July 2, 1909.
Including photos and feature story about the RRLC and the Walkers. [fragile]
Folder 4
Northern California Power Company:
Blueprint plat map with certain tracts colored in, undated.
Annotated blueprint plat map showing property ownership, creek locations, dam sites, area to be flooded, undated.
"Plat of Proposed Ditch Line from Deer Creek to Macumber Reservoir," 1913.
Blueprint map.
Blueprint maps apparently showing locations of power transmission lines (with "corrected notes"), undated:
Sec. 1, T33N-R2E
Sec. 12, T33N-R2E (2 maps).
Sec. 14, T33N-R2E (2 maps).
Sec. 7, T33N-R3E.
Location Box
A2/ovFolder 5
"Notice of Election" broadside, 1938.
National Labor Relations Board broadside re: labor organization at Westwood.
Cottages and bunkhouse: Blueprint drawings:
Cottage No. 6, 1916.
Cottage design No. 50, 1917.
Cottage design No. 53, undated.
Cottage design No. 98, 1924.
Ground/second floor plans, 1924.
Section and elevations, 1924.
Dance hall, 1919.
Elevations, cross section, floor plans; 1 sheet.
Fletcher L. Walker house at Mountain Meadows Saw Mills [Westwood], undated [ca. 1912?].
Sheet 1: Main/second floor plans.
Sheet 2: Front/side elevations.
Sheet 3: Sectional views/details.
Map of Westwood (town and mill):
[Original], undated.
Copy of original, undated.
Copy of original, 1917.
Map of Westwood (town and mill)
2 similar, undated copies.
Map of yards, 1914.
Blueprint map.
Four band and resaw, 1913.
Blueprint schematic drawing.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 6
RRLC Camp Train: Sleeping Car, 1916.
Blueprint drawing.
Including elevations, section, floor plan, frame plan, details.
"Ready to Nail" lake cottages for sale by RRLC, undated:
Sheet No. 1: Front and side elevations/details. No. 22B.
Sheet No. 1: Side/rear/front elevations. No. 33.
Sheet No. 3: Floor plan/plan of foundation rraming. No. 33.
"The Organizer: Daily Strike Bulletin" (published Minneapolis) July 17, 1934. Published by A. F. of L. Local 574: Drivers, Helpers, Petroleum, and Inside Workers.
Acidic newsprint.
"Another Strike Threatened: Do you know who is responsible?" broadside, 1934.
Re: Minneapolis truck drivers' strike.
Erroneous identification on the back.
Newsprint--fairly good shape.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 7
Fall River Mills, California:
"Offical Map of Lassen View Addition to Fall River Mills" Amended Map No. 1:
1916 [signed by WJW and ADW].
Undated [1916?] [annotated]
Amended map No. 2, 1916.
"Map of Fall River Mills, Shasta Company California," 1915.
"Map of Fall River Mills," 1914[?].
"Map of Fall River Mills," undated.
"Return to Mpls."
Assessment map[?], undated.

Return to the Table of Contents

Return to the Organization of the Collection Section


Subject files, financial and accounting volumes, and land records related to partnership business activities, as well as considerable material concerning a lawsuit brought by T. B. Walker against the heirs of H. C. Akeley for money he claimed was due him from the partnership. The subject files were assembled by the cataloger from unorganized miscellany.

Subject Files

The greatest portion of the subject files consists of logging papers organized alphabetically by contractor, which contain correspondence and other papers documenting logging operations carried on by particular contractors in particular seasons. These files typically contain information about the procurement of supplies and provisions for the camps. There are also usually small plat maps, timber estimate reports, sample memoranda of scale (most were returned to the donor), contractors' inventories of supplies on hand, and information about camp and contractors' accounts. Correspondents include Frank J. Kline and Louis R. Gorham; W. B. Douglas, Minnesota attorney general (Itasca State Park Vicinity file); and various logging contractors, bankers, and lawyers. The logging papers file also includes some related subject files.
The subject files also include a photograph of the H. C. Akeley Lumber Company mill at Minneapolis; a copy of the 1892 Walker & Akeley articles of co-partnership and agreement; files documenting business dealings with various Minnesota railroad companies, especially in regard to construction of spurs and logging branch lines; files on miscellaneous financial matters; and information about lawsuits that the partnership filed against others.
Location Box
Akeley, Healy C.: Itemized statement of expenses, 1887-1891.
Akeley (H. C.) Lumber Company Mill (Minneapolis): Photo, undated.
Articles of co-partnership and agreement, 1892.
Brainerd and Northern Minnesota Railway Company, 1895-1896.
Disposal of lands and lumber agreement, 1923.
Eastern Railway Company of Minnesota, 1898.
Great Northern Ry. Company, 1900-1904.
Joyce to Akeley (deed), 1901.
List showing TBW's share of W & A lands, undated.
Walker & Akeley vs. Charles Greenlaugh, 1898.
Walker & Akeley vs. Richards and Crossley, 1893-1902.
Logging papers:
Anderson, R. B., 1902.
Bailey & White, 1899-1900.
Carver Bros., 1901-1903.
Galvin Frank, 1904.
Hallowell (W. E.) & Company accounts, 1903.
Hebard, W. P. in account with Walker & Akeley, 1903.
Itasca State Park vicinity, undated and 1904.
Laughead, W. B., 1903-1904.
Log sales, 1900-1908.
Olson, Louis, 1899-1900.
Petrie, Daniel, 1903.
Rack, D. K., 1904.
Shell River, 1898-1904.
Sibley, John, 1903.
Tenstrike Spur, 1902-1913.
Trespass, 1904-1906.
Miscellany, 1903-1904.
Minnesota and International Ry. Company, 1902-1906.
Minnesota Loan and Trust Company Bonds, 1894-1900.
Minnesota Logging Company, 1894-1896.
Nelson, Tenney Lumber Company, 1891-1898.
Stumpage sale to F. Weyerhaeuser, 1893.
Accounts, 1907-1908.
Correspondence and papers, 1894-1903.
Miscellaneous statements, 1893-1904.

Financial and Accounting Volumes

These consist of general journals, a cash book, check journals, and various ledgers, kept by the partnership or by T. B. Walker on its behalf. Nearly all served as plaintiffs' exhibits in the Walker-Akeley lawsuit, and are so identified both in the box list and on the individual volumes themselves.
Location Box
General journals:
"A" Jan. 1894-April 1901.
Plaintiff's exhibit H-1.
"B" April 1901-Dec. 1902.
Plaintiff's exhibit R-1.
Location Box
Aug. 3, 1915-April 30, 1924.
Cash book, 1915-1918.
Location Box
Check journals:
"A" Jan. 1903-Dec. 1903.
Plaintiff's exhibit S-1.
"B" Jan. 1904-Jan. 1907.
Plaintiff's exhibit T-1.
"C" Feb. 1907-July 1915.
Plaintiff's exhibit U-1.
Location Box
General ledgers:
Plaintiff's exhibit H-6.
Plaintiff's exhibit R-4.
["A"?] 1892-1899.
Plaintiff's exhibit J.
"B" 1900-1902.
Plaintiff's exhibit K.
"C" 1901-1903.
Plaintiff's exhibit L.
Location Box
"D" 1903-1908.
Plaintiff's exhibit M.
"E" 1909-1927.
Plaintiff's Exhibit N.
Location Box
Miscellaneous Ledger, 1904-1905.

Land Records

A land contract book (1909-1925) and a record book giving data on partnership lot sales at the Waville subdivision (on Lake Bemidji) and the Riverside Addition to Bemidji.
Location Box
144.D.14.5B 39
Land contract book, 1909-1925.
Plaintiff's exhibit K.
Record book of platted lot sales, 1914-1934.
For Waville Lots; Riverside Addition to Bemidji, Minnesota.

Walker vs. Akeley Lawsuit (1915-1925)

Materials documenting the lawsuit include legal briefs submitted by the various parties in both the district and the Minnesota Supreme courts, as well as sets of transcripts (a few volumes are missing) of proceedings before both courts.
There is an extensive set of plaintiff's, intervenor's, and defendant's exhibits: original partnership-related documents and typewritten transcripts that were pulled from their original locations and numbered and organized for use by the various parties to the lawsuit. The ordering thus established has been left undisturbed. The file folders are all dated 1915-1924, the span dates of the district court litigation; most of the documents actually date from before 1915. The exhibits are accessed by means of an "Original Index to Exhibits, ca. 1925" (in box 6). This index consists of a folder of photocopies of labels that were found on the portfolio folders (since discarded) in which the documents arrived at MHS. Some of the exhibits are large financial volumes, including those mentioned above and others that are part of the T. B. Walker and the Red River Lumber Company records (Sections 2 and 11). Some exhibits are missing.
The exhibits files contain many items of note, among them an August 18, 1887 agreement between H. C. Akeley and T. B. Walker (Plaintiff's Exhibit A, in folder 1); 1888 agreements between George A. Camp and T. B. Walker (Plaintiff's Exhibits T10 and U10, in envelope #28); and a deed from Sarah Butler to T. B. Walker (Plaintiff's Exhibit Z10, in envelope #29). There are plat maps, logging contracts, scale bills, Surveyor General of Logs and Lumber log scale reports, land and timber deeds, tax statements and receipts, and contracts with iron mining companies. The exhibits provide information about log purchases and sales, land purchases by T. B. Walker, partnership accounting and finances, and some information about the Levi Butler estate proceedings. There is also some correspondence, the correspondents including T. B. and Willis J. Walker and the various attorneys participating in the lawsuit.
There is information about the results of an examination of Walker & Akeley partnership records, which was conducted at the behest of T. B. Walker by Minneapolis accountant John F. Schlimme; Schlimme's Schedules A-J (oversize folder 1) outline the oversights and errors that he found. These schedules, which are part of the plaintiff's exhibits, were themselves accompanied by 35 envelopes (since replaced by folders) of their own supporting exhibits, many of which are also missing (box 6). These exhibits are similar to those described above.
The lawsuit files also include miscellaneous plaintiff's, intervener's, and defendent's materials; news clippings about the lawsuit; some of T. B. Walker's trial-related correspondence, and an assortment of other ancillary materials. Several oversize exhibits have been removed from their original locations, flat-filed, and listed separately.
Location Box
District Court:
Defendants' brief, Nov. 10, 1921.
Trial brief for plaintiff and intervenor, May 6, 1922.
Appendix to brief of plaintiffs and intervenor, May 6, 1922?
Reply brief, Dec. 15, 1922.
Supplemental trial brief for plaintiff and intervenor, 1923?
Memorandum on plaintiff's supplemental agreement, ca. Jan. 9, 1923.
Final brief of the plaintiff and intervenor, Feb. 26, 1923.
Original transcript:
Vol. 1, May 7, 1917. [pp. 1-306].
Vol. 2, May 14, 1917. [pp. 307-639].
Vol. 3, May 21, 1917. [pp. 641-927].
Vol. 4, May 28, 1917. [pp. 927 1/2-1106].
Vol. 5, June 4, 1917. [pp. 1107-1450].
Vol. 7, July 23, 1917. [pp. 1782-2045].
Vol. 8, undated. [pp. 2046-2289].
Vol. 9, undated. [pp. 2290-2569].
Vol. 10, undated. [pp. 2570-2853].
Vol. 11, April 2, 1918. [pp. 2854-3156].
Location Box
Vol. 15, Sept. 9, 1920. {pp. 3832-4354] [2 parts].
Vol. 16, Sept. 24, 1920. [pp. 4355-4794] [2 parts].
Vol. 17, Feb. 8, 1921. [pp. 4795-5128].
Vol. 18, Aug. 1922. [pp. 5131-5364].
Vol. 19, Nov. 28, 1922. [pp. 5365-5425].
Vol. 20, April 25, 1924. [pp. 5426-5465].
Minnesota Supreme Court:
Respondents' brief, 1925.
Record [transcript of proceedings]:
Vol. I, 1925. [pp. 1-1046].
Vol. II, 1925. [pp. 1047-2112].
Vol. IV, 1925. [pp. 3173-3603].
Location Box
Original index to exhibits, ca. 1925.
Plaintiff's exhibits:
See also Financial and Accounting volumes, above.
A.[Folder No. 1].
A-1, D. Folder [4].
G. Folder [6].
B-1 to G-1, N-1 to Q-1.
W-1, X-1, Y-1. Folder [12].
A-2 and F-2. Folder [13].
B-2 to E-2.
H-2. Folder [14].
A-3 to C-3, I-3.
J-3. Folder [17].
M-3, N-3, O-3, P-3, Q-3, W-3. Folder [17].
M-2, O-2, Y-2, Z-2.
R-3 to V-3.
L-3, U-4 to Z-4,. A-5 to S-5, T-5 to B-6, Miscellaneous 1915 Letters. Folder [19].
A-7 to D-7, H-7. Folder [?].
S-4, N-7, R-7, S-7, V-7. Folder [21].
D-9. [empty] Folder [23]
I-9 to Q-9. Folder [25].
Q-9 to U-9. Folder [26].
V-9 to L-10 of Schlimme's First Schedules, 1915. Folder [27].
See oversize folder 1.
For Schlimme's schedule "A": Items 1-8 and new items. Folder [27].
For Schlimme's schedule "J": Items 1-5. Folder [27].
Defendant's exhibit 9. Folder [27].
Plaintiff's exhibits E-15 to W-15, of Schlimme's last schedules. Folder [27].
See oversize folder 1.
[Ref. Last Schedules]:
Schedule A exhibits:Envelopes 1-15.
Schedule B exhibits:Envelope 16.
Schedule H exhibits:Envelope 17.
Schedule C exhibits:Envelope 19. [empty]
Schedule F exhibits:Envelope 20.
Schedule G exhibits:Envelope 21.
Schedule J exhibits:Envelopes 22-27.
Schedule L exhibits:Envelope 28, 29.
Boy River Timber exhibits:Envelope 30.
List "A" lands exhibits:Envelope 31.
"Spruce and Culch" exhibits:Envelope 32.
Schedule I exhibits:Envelope 33.
Schedule K exhibits:Envelope 34.
Schedule N exhibits:Envelope 35.
Plaintiff's exhibits:
C-9, M-10 to X-10. Folder [28].
Y-10 to Z-10, A-11 to L-11. Folder [29].
H-12 to J-12. Folder [30].
K-13, O-13, P-13.
L-12 to F-14. Folder [30].
G-14 to P-14. Folder [30].
Q-14 to Z-14. Folder [30].
A-15 to D-15, X-15. Folder [31].
X-16 to Z-16.
B-17 to F-17.
Intervenor's exhibits:
H, J to M, Q to B-1. Folder [32].
E-1 to N-1 Folder [33].
Location Box
D-2 to L-2. Folder [34].
M-2 to Z-2.
A-3 to P-3.
Q-3 to R-3, T-3 to Z-3, A-4. Folder [37].
B-4, C-5, H-14, E-5, F-5. Folder [38].
H-5 to N-5.Folder [38].
O-5 to Z-5.Folder [38].
A-6 to G-6, I-3(?).Folder [39].
N-6. O-6.
Defendant's rxhibits:
703, 790, 795-800. Folder [39].
1-4, 19. Folder [40].
5-7, (8), 14. Folder [41].
26-52, (53-54). Folder [43].
22, 23, 78, 82. Folder [44].
80, 84, 103-103e, 167. Folder [45].
104-109, 128-130.
161-163, (167a-170). Folder [48].
172. Folder [49].
196-197. Folder [51].
Plaintiff's exhibits Y-3, A-4 to Q-4. Folder [52].
See index, Nos. 18 and 19.
Defendant's exhibits:
223, 227-228. Folder [53].
228A-B, 230-233.
375-383. Folder [55].
412b-415, 418, 420-421. Folder [56].
495A-R. Folder [57].
493A-W. Folder [57].
494A-AD. Folder [57].
500A-V. Folder [57].
496 to 499-B. Folder [57].
500-O to 500-P. Folder [57].
640-643, 652, 670-671.
676, (692), 727, 739. Folder [58].
755, 788-789. Folder [58].
Schlimme's statement of adjustments in re Walker & Akeley Partnership, 1915.
Important dates and data, [ca. 1915?].
General index to testimony, 1917-ca. 1920.
District Court.
Findings of fact and order of reference, 1924.
District Court.
Supplementary findings of fact and conclusions of law, 1924.
District Court.
Syllabus, 1926. [appeal]
Judgment and decree, 1925, 1928.
District Court.
Miscellaneous plaintiff's (?) material, 1887-1923.
Miscellaneous plaintiff's material: Fragments of T. B. Walker's testimony, undated.
Miscellaneous intervener's(?) materials, 1916.
Miscellaneous defendant's(?) materials (1915-1924).
Unidentified case summary, [ca. 1924?].
District Court.
Miscellaneous data (1915-1924).
Clippings, undated and 1922-1926.
T. B. Walker's miscellaneous trial-related correspondence, 1915-1925.
Miscellaneous papers, 1888-1922.

Items Flat Filed

Location Box
A2/ovFolder 1.
Plantiff's exhibits:
A-1 "Blueprint plat map of lands in the agreement dated Aug. 18, 1887."
Leech Lake-Lake Winnibigoshish vicinity. From Folder 4.
D "Colored plat of lands showing half and half, 45/64ths, Ruggles, Walker & Akeley and Pillsbury lands," undated.
Leech Lake-Lake Winnibigoshish vicinity. From Folder 4.
L-9 (2) "Plat of lands offered to Bradley," undated.
T53-56N, R24-26W. From Folder 25.
N-9 "Copy of plat sent Goforth," 1893.
T55-57N, R22-25W. From Folder 25.
V-9 to L-10 "Schlimme's First Schedules (same as Deft. Ex. 8)," 1915.
"Statement of adjustments in Re Walker & Akeley partnership." From Folder 27.
Y-14 Unidentified annotated plat map, undated [ca. 1902?].
T54-57, R22-25: Wabana lake/Susan Lake/ Pokegama Lake region. Esp. shows land sold to various parties.
Z-14 "Colored plats," undated.
Lands cut, owned, retained, deeded, etc. T140-148N, R31-37W; Lake Bemidji-Leech Lake vicinity. From Folder 30.
E-15 to W-15 "Schlimme's Last Schedules," undated.
"Statement of adjustments in Re Walker & Akeley partnership." From Folder 27.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 2.
Defendent's exhibits
1 "Old state map of Minnesota," 1913.
Cover title: "Railroad Commissioners' Map of Minnesota." Annotated. From Folder 40.
8 "Statement of Adjustments in Re Walker & Akeley Partnership," 1915.
Schlimme's first schedules; same as Plaintiff's Exhibit V-9 to L-10. Original folder missing.
19 "Old map marked by Scammon as being made 8/6/07."
"Map of the Mesabi Iron Range, Minnesota"; annotated to show iron (taconite) formations, quartzite and rock; TBW, Great Northern Ry., Oliver Mining Company and RRLC land and mineral ownership. Leech Lake-Pokegama Lake vicinity. From Folder 40.
228-A-B "Log Marks Recorded in the name of Walker and Akeley," 1891-1905.
Original folder missing.
230 "Log Marks Recorded in the name of T. B. Walker," 1889-1901.
Original folder missing.
676 "Plat W & A Backus Brooks 146-33", 1899-1900.
Annotated to show white pine and Norway pine stands. Original folder missing.
Location Box
A2/ov2Folder 3.
Kabekona Lake cottage plans, undated.
"Pine Cone Camp No. 3" for Thomas Brothers, Kabekona Lake, by Walker & Akeley. 5 architectural drawings for various buildings.

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This section includes land patent files; assorted deeds to property in several northern Minnesota counties; and miscellaneous property and other subject files, including deeds and other papers relating to subdivisions and lake lots carved out of cutover lands.

These papers for the most part relate directly to the "Minnesota Timberlands" files found in the Barlow Realty Company Records . They are organized as a separate record series, however, primarily because it is suspected that many of them may relate to lands that were not ultimately subsumed under the Barlow umbrella. The documents themselves have not as yet been unfolded and studied. They may not be retained in their entirety, if the land transactions prove to be more concisely documented in such series as the Barlow and the Walker & Akeley land contract registers, or in land registers in the Minnesota State Archives.

Land Patent Files

These files, which are organized by range, consist of land patents and documentation of later activity relative to specific patented tracts in Becker, Beltrami, Cass, Crow Wing, Hubbard, Itasca, St. Louis, and probably a few other counties in northern Minnesota.
In addition to land patents, the files include such supplementary documents as deeds, homestead certificates, powers of attorney, abstracts of title, and Sioux half-breed reserve and Chippewa half-breed scrip certificates. There is often some correspondence as well, particularly with county officials in regard to the payment of back taxes and the clearing of titles. Names appearing on the deeds include T. B. Walker, Levi Butler, Henry T. Welles (spelled as "Wells" in some instances) Clinton Morrison, Howard W. Mills, and E. F. Peabody.
Location Box
T48 R22 to T59 R25.
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T163 R25 to T57 R26.
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T57 R26 to T142 R27.
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T143 R27 to T141 R31.
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T141 R31 to T146 R32.
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T146 R32 to T141 R34.
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T142 R34 to T144 R36.
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T145 R36 to T148 R39.

Miscellaneous Subjects

The Miscellaneous Subjects files include folded, tied bunches of documents primarily related to Minnesota lands. There are contracts for deed, quit-claim deeds, warranty deeds, abstracts of title, indentures, partial releases of and from mortgage, releases from lis pendens, and similar documents related to Akeley town lots; to the Waville, West Kabekona, and Riverside Addition to Bemidji subdivisions; and to the so-called "Buck Lands" in northern Minnesota. There are also groupings of miscellaneous leases, agreements, and purchases; and of other deeds, abstracts of title, timber permits, and logging contracts and related papers. File designations are those given them prior to their arrival at MHS.
Location Box
Akeley town lots, 1898-1909.
Waville, ca. 1914-ca. 1935.
Miscellaneous leases, agreements, permits, etc., 1903-1940.
West Kabekona, 1916-1923.
Riverside addition to Bemidji, 1914-1928.
"Paid Mortgages" [mortgage bonds], 1902-1916.
Paid Mortgages (mortgage bonds, 1902-1916) include bonds and coupons, promissory notes, canceled notes, mortgage deeds, and supporting and related documents. Persons and organizations represented in the file include T. B. Walker and Reuben H. Adams; the Red River Lumber Company (RRLC), the Walker-Burton Company, and the Minneapolis Central City Market Company; the City of Minneapolis; the Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company; and the Minnesota Loan and Trust Company, the Security Bank of Minnesota, Thorpe Bros., and the Urban Securities Company
Location Box
Logging contracts and related papers, ca. 1881-ca. 1915.
Logging Contracts and Related Papers probably relate closely to logging papers found in the T. B. Walker, Red River Lumber Company, and Walker & Akeley records. Individuals and organizations represented in these files include E. W. Backus & Company, the Backus-Brooks Lumber Company, Fagan Bros., S. C. Bagley, Sheldon Cook, the Crookston Lumber Company, Joseph Defoer, William Devereaux, S. A. Gray, the Grand Forks Lumber Company, Victor T. Johnson, the Minnesota and International Railway Company, John Moberg, Nelson, Tenney & Company, and James C. Sheasgreen. There is also information about Itasca State Park and the Leech Lake Indian Reservation.
Including logging contracts; sale of logs; sale of timber; log driving contracts; scale bills; bills of sale for horses and harnesses; spur construction; log shipment.
Camp & Walker; RRLC; TBW; W & A.
Buck Lands, 1887-1893.
The Buck Lands file (1887-1893) contains information about the Walker interests' purchase of lands in northern Minnesota from John W. Buck, a Williamsport, Pennsylvania lumber dealer who in 1888 was offering about 3200 acres for sale in Becker, Cass, Crow Wing, Hubbard, Todd, and Wadena counties.
Deeds, abstracts, etc. relating to land purchase. Becker, Cass, Crow Wing, Hubbard, Todd, Wadena counties.
Deeds and Papers, 1868-1945.
Deeds and Papers include a considerable amount of material that appears to relate to land conveyances involving the Butler & Walker partnership and/or the L. Butler & Company partnership, including an 1870 agreement between Henry T. Welles and Levi Butler, Howard W. Mills, and T. B. Walker; a "memorandum of transfer of interests in lands, Levi Butler to Walker, and Butler & Wells to Walker" (1871-1874); and a number of warranty and quit-claim deeds transferring real estate to or between Walker, Welles, and Butler. There is also some material relating to Levi Butler's estate. The files include an 1876 warranty deed to George A. Camp, and an abstract of entries of Chippewa half-breed scrip at the St. Cloud Land Office (1860-1871).
Location Box
Deeds and Papers: Butler & Walker; Henry T. Welles; H. M. Mills; Franklin Steele; Yawkey; 1868-1945 (esp. 1870-1910).
Quit claim deeds: RRLC to Minn. Colonization Company; Ruggles: Timber papers; release--Lis Pendens W-A; Copies of Htg. agreements; miscellaneous papers; 1874-1943. (esp. 1890-1920).
Quit-claim deeds include deeds from the RRLC to the Minnesota Colonization Company, deeds from William W. Herrick et al. to T. B. Walker (26/64 interest in lands), and a "report of [California] cut-over lands" (1912-1922). There is also a separate file of 1935 quit-claim deeds from the RRLC to the Minnesota Colonization Company (T55 R22 to T57 R23).
Copies of RRLC quit claim deeds to Minnesota Colonization Company (T55 R22 to T57 R23), 1935.
Numbered 1-168.
Warranty deeds to Opsahl and miscellaneous papers, 1902-1917.
Warranty deeds to Opsahl and miscellaneous papers (1902-1917) include correspondence with Willis J. Walker, John S. Grist, and Walker & Akeley in regard to land contracts; there are also some Walker & Akeley contracts for deed.
Location Box
Abstracts of title (T55 R23 to T147 R38), 1880-1934.
Timber permits, 1913-1935. [T64 R19 to T143 R40]
Location Box
Abstracts of title (T55 R23 to T147 R38), 1880-1934.
Timber permits (T64 R19 to T143 R40), 1913-1935.
Timber Permits also include timber deeds, timber agreements, and timber leases; leases of land, including for grazing purposes; and permits, leases, agreements, and deeds given by T. B. Walker, the RRLC, Walker & Akeley, and Barlow Realty Company
Miscellaneous deeds, etc., by county, 1869-1937.
These consist of folded deeds to property in Aitkin, Becker, Beltrami, Cass, Clearwater, Crow Wing, Hubbard, Itasca, Polk, and St. Louis counties in Minnesota, and in Grand Forks County, North Dakota. The deeds have been grouped by county but have not been studied further.
Location Box
Aitkin County, 1874-1893.
Becker County, 1884-1894, 1928.
Beltrami County, 1885-1934.
Cass County, 1871-1936.
Clearwater County, 1904-1927.
Crow Wing County, 1874-1895.
Hubbard County, 1888-1937.
Itasca County, 1871-1916.
Polk County, 1882-1920.
St. Louis County, 1904.
Miscellany, 1869-1925.
Grand Forks County (North Dakota), 1882-1908

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The California lands records consist of correspondence, leases and agreements, tract books, land contracts, and some land examination field books relating to the acquisition and management of the Walker family's California timber lands.

T. B. Walker began to explore the western forests in 1889, sending Frank J. Kline with a crew of men into Canada, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California. In 1894 he quietly began acquiring northeastern California timber lands, purchasing land (through realtors) from private parties, and also making scrip and forest reserve lieu land selections. The Walker interests eventually accumulated about 900,000 acres of land in Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Shasta, Siskiyou, and Tehama counties. The Red River Lumber Company (RRLC) constructed its company-owned town of Westwood and its lumber mill in Lassen County in 1912-1913. With the sale of Westwood in 1944 and the commencement of liquidation of the RRLC, Shasta Forests Company (SHAFCO) was established to manage the Walker interests' California lands (SHAFCO Records). The Walkers, through SHAFCO's successor, Red River Forests, continue to operate much of their California timber land as a perpetual forest investment.

Land Acquisition Correspondence

This series documents the mechanics of T. B. Walker's purchase of northeastern California timber lands from both the federal government and private parties. The files begin arbitrarily with 1901 correspondence. Some of the early files include letters relating to Minnesota lands, while some letters relating to California land acquisition are found in Barlow Realty Company Records, at the end of the "Minnesota Timberlands: Land Correspondence" series.
There is correspondence between the Walker interests and realtors and attorneys who worked for them in purchasing lands and making forest reserve lieu land selections. There are also offers of land for sale received from a wide variety of individuals, realtors, and land dealers. The land acquisition correspondence also includes information about the patenting of lands; title investigations and perfection; real estate tax assessments, payments, and delinquent taxes; and lands sold or relinquished to the federal government.
The major portion of these files consists of correspondence between the Walkers and San Francisco realtor Chester L. Hovey. Hovey acted as an agent for the Walker interests, purchasing lands for them and selling lands to them on a commission basis. The 1904-1915 correspondence consists of individual case files, organized alphabetically by owner/seller, containing correspondence and related papers documenting land purchases and negotiations for specific tracts, particularly as carried on by Hovey. There are also letters from Hovey calling various potential deals and purchases to the Walkers' attention.
Another sizable portion consists of correspondence between the Walkers and H. D. Burroughs, a Susanville, California, attorney retained by the family, particularly to make lieu and scrip land selections. Burroughs was also paid to check and quiet titles, prepare abstracts, and prepare deeds and get them signed and recorded, activities also documented in this correspondence.
There is correspondence with Holcomb and Keegin, a Washington, D.C. law firm representing the Walkers before the U.S. General Land Office, particularly in regard to getting approval of lieu and scrip selections.
Other correspondents include T. B., Willis, Clinton, and Archie Walker; John S. Grist and E. G. Scammon; San Francisco attorney A. E. Bolton, U. S. deputy surveyor V. S. Barber (Susanville), and Susanville attorney E. V. Spencer, all of whom evidently worked for the Walker interests in their land acquisition program; Carl R. Briggs, a Redding, California abstractor; John A. Benson, a San Francisco land agent and dealer in scrip; S. O. Johnson, of the S. S. Johnson Company, San Francisco dealers in timberlands; T. A. Roseberry, of the U.S. Land Office at Susanville and F. L. Swasey, of the U.S. Land Office at Redding; John E. Andrus (Yonkers, N.Y.); A. F. Smith (Shingletown, California); officials of the Scott-Graff Lumber Company (Duluth); and officials of the U.S. General Land Office in Washington, D.C. There is also correspondence with officials of the Southern Pacific Company, including references to proposed railroad construction in connection with the construction of Westwood (1910).
Location Box
1901-Feb. 1904.
Including some Minnesota.
Location Box
March 1904-1928.
Including some Minnesota.
Location Box
Organized by seller.
A-H (F2).
Location Box
H (F3)-P (F1).
Location Box
P (F2)
Location Box
U-W; Y-Z. 2 folders.
Correspondence (miscellaneous), undated and 1899-1925.
Miscellaneous correspondence related to the California lands, concerned with such subjects as land offers, title examinations, lease accounts, and possible routes for the construction of a logging [rail?]road.

Subject Files

The subject files include somewhat more than 1 cubic foot of numbered leases and agreements made by the RRLC and T. B. Walker, primarily grazing leases for cattle and sheep, together with supporting correspondence and other documentation. The bulk of these leases and agreements remain folded, but they have been placed in numerical order.
There is a file relating to a deal with San Francisco banker N. D. Rideout for the purchase from the Walker interests of timber lands in Shasta, Siskiyou, and Modoc counties (1900-1901). Another file contains an agreement (not signed) relative to a proposed standard-gauge rail line to be constructed jointly by Rideout and T. B. Walker from either Red Bluff or Balls Ferry, Tehama County, to the town of Fall River Mills, in Shasta County. Under the terms of the agreement, Walker would construct one or more sawmills along the route and ship his sawed lumber over the line. Rideout's death while surveys for the line were in progress (1907) apparently canceled the proposition.
Other subject files relate to specific purchase or development agreements, transactions, or prospects. There is a file of Hovey's expense accounts (1895-1904), some timber estimates (undated), and a few miscellaneous maps.
Location Box
Andrus-RRLC-TBW agreement re: White Horse and Poison Lake tracts, 1917.
Bank of Shasta (37N-5E), 1896-1916.
Bear Flat Lands, [ca.1925?].
Berkeley and Oakland property, 1910-1924. 3 folders.
California timber protection camp statement, 1902.
Creighton, John R. (30-37N-5E), 1902-1911.
Deeds. (not used?):
Miscellaneous, 1905.
TBW and HGW to RRLC, 1908.
Walker to Andrus, 1908-1909. 2 folders.
Garrison to Walker and Rideout (37N, 5E), 1902-1906.
Gilbert Walker's memorandum Re: Fall River property, undated [ca. 1910?].
Hovey (Chester L.) expense accounts, 1895-1904. 2 folders.
Location Box
Leases and agreements [grazing leases]:
1909. (1-84)
1911. (1-105)
1912. (1-130)
1915. (77-95)
1916. (7-42, 49)
Location Box
(43-48). 2 folders.
Manning to RRLC: Quit claim deed and other papers (37N-5E), 1902-1916.
Maps (miscellaneous), undated and 1899-ca.1920.
Nelson (B. F.) estimates of California timber, undated.
Northeastern Railroad title papers, 1909-1916.
Including Rideout Estate.
Options, land propositions, etc., 1898-1900. 4 folders.
Plat maps (miscellaneous), undated and 1902-1905.
Prospectuses, undated and 1891-1908.
Rideout deal (all closed), 1900-1901.
Rideout-TBW agreement re: Proposed Railroad line, 1907.
Miscellaneous papers, undated and 1891-1925.

Land Records

The land records include five land (tract) books showing the Walker interests' California land holdings (ca. 1905-ca. 1923); contracts for land leases in California and Nevada (1906-1914, 5 folders); and a few land examination field books and volumes of miscellaneous notes (ca. 1899-1902). Several oversize folders contain plat maps, land ownership maps, and advertising broadsides, including a set of announcements of sales of Indian lands (1913-1925).
Land (tract) books:
Location Box
Includes timber estimates.
Location Box
Includes timber estimates.
Location Box
Includes timber estimates.
Location Box
Includes timber estimates.
Location Box
Various townships in Shasta, Siskiyou, Tehama, Plumas, Modoc, and Lassen Counties.
Location Box
144.D.12.7B[Box 2, Barlow]
Various townships in Siskiyou, Plumas, Modoc, and Lassen Counties; "R7 to 15".
"Forest Reserve Selections Approved for Patent During May and June 1918," July 1, 1918.
E. G. Scammon; 35-1, 36-1, 35-2, 38-2, 39-3, 40-3, 41-3, 40-5, 42-5, 43-5.
[Ca. 1923?].
Various townships in Shasta, Siskiyou, Tehama, Plumas, Modoc, and Lassen Counties.
Location Box
Land contracts:
Contracts for land leases, 1906-1914. 5 folders.
California and Nevada.
Location Box
Land examination field books:
"177" "R. Road," 33-3W;, 33-2W, 1902.
R. H. Hovey.
"286" Railroad Line, 1902.
R. H. Hovey.
Miscellaneous unidentified field notes relative to California lands [many by CLW and R. H. Hovey]:
Miscellaneous unidentified notes, undated.

Items Flat-Filed

Location Box
"Sketch Showing all Mineral Surveys in T.45, R.7 W., M.D.N.," 1887.
Plat map showing southeast part of Siskiyou County.
Annotated map of northern California showing "Government Reserves near San Francisco," undated.
Includes a list of 551 private land grants.
Annotated plat map of T 12N-16N, R 10 E-15E, undated.
In TBW's hand: "to go with Chief Examiner's report to Mr. Mills of Central Pacific R.R. Company".
"California Railroads," 1896.
Rand-McNally map; entire state.
California Railroads," 1902.
Rand-McNally map; annotated differently from map above.
"Plat Old & New Account Lands," undated.
Plat map, Modoc County area. Annotated to show TBW land, old and new accounts; Mersereau land offered; line on which trade is proposed.
Annotated plat map, Prospect Peak to Susanville, undated.
T 28-32, R 5-10. Various tracts colored in; no legend. Some attachments.
"Map No. 1 of Western Oregon, Showing the lands of the Oregon & California Railroad Company," undated.
Annotations in TBW's hand(?).
"Map No. 2 of Western Oregon, Showing the Lands of the Oregon & California Railroad Company," undated.
Unidentified plat map (T 14-16N, R 12-15E), undated.
"C. Weyerhaeuser Dam" written on back. Some tracts colored in; other annotations.
Location Box
"Private Land Grants," undated. [ca. 1915?].
Southern California. Badly torn.
"Private Land Grants," undated. [ca. 1915?].
Southern California. Does not appear to duplicate map above.
"All the Lands" annotated plat map, undated. [ca. 1915?].
T26-41N, R1W; 1E-11E. Presumably Walker-interests' land holdings.
"Map of the Merrimac Land and Lumber Company's Timber Lands, Butte & Plumas Cos., California," 1898.
Annotated blueprint plat map.
"Climatic Map of California, Published by the Southern Pacific Company," 1895.
Location Box
"Topography and Geology of Area Covered by Indian Valley Map," 1907.
U.S. Geological Survey map; T25-27N, R9-12E.
Unidentified plat map showing RRLC and TBW lands, ca. 1927.
Modoc, Siskiyou, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas Counties.
Portion of unidentified plat map showing parts of Shasta and Tehama Counties, ca. 1906.
Annotated. Part of a letter from Clinton L. Walker attached.
Unidentified plat map showing Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties, undated. [ca. 1915?].
Unidentified Central Pacific Railroad Company plat map showing T46-47N, R3-4W, 1900.
Unidentified plat map showing T30-31, R11-12W, undated [ca. 1915?].
Annotated; shows estimates.
"Old Map Sierra L. Company Lands," undated.
Annotated plat map. including Blue Ridge(s?), Red Bluff, Big Meadows, and Chico divisions.
"State of California" map, 1885.
General Land Office; southern California only.
Unidentified annotated plat map showing Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties, "1911 or 1912."
"North Half, Lassen National Forest, California," 1915.
T29-37N, R1W-5W; 1E-10E. 2 copies, each annotated differently.
"Map of A. F. Smith's Proposed Ditch and Pipe Line from Old Cow Creek to Power Site on South Cow Creek," undated [ca. 1915?].
T32-33N, R1E. Blueprint plat map.
From California Land Acquisition Correspondence: Water Power.
Location Box
"Sale of Indian Lands" broadsides. [acidic newsprint].
Feb. 18, 1913.
May 19, 1913.
Nov. 1, 1913.
Feb. 14, 1914.
Aug. 20, 1914. 2 copies, each annotated.
Dec. 14, 1914.
March 19, 1915. 2 copies.
July 26, 1915.
Nov. 15, 1915.
May 24, 1916. 2 copies.
Aug. 25, 1916. 2 copies.
Sept. 24, 1917.
Sept. 30, 1921.
June 22, 1925.
Location Box
Eagle Lake Land and Irrigation Company advertisement for lands in Honey Lake Valley, Lassen County Calif., [ca.1892?].
From TBW miscellany. Acidic newsprint.
"Big Meadows Division" plat map, Plumas and Lassen counties, California, undated.
Certain tracts of land colored in. Very fragile.
Broadside published by the C.P.R.R. Company and dedicated to the Water and Forest Society; depicts devastation wrought by lumbermen upon a forest near Mt. Shasta, [ca.1899].
Annotated blueprint plat map showing Siskiyou, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties, 1917.
Certain tracts colored in and identified numerically (no key.]
"Right of Way Map, Central Pacific Ry. Company, Fernley-Lassen Branch, Westwood Junction to Westwood, Lassen County, California," [ca.1914].
Unidentified plat map with certain owners identified and tracts colored in, [ca.1913?].
T43-44, R13-14 vicinity, incl. part of Modoc National Forest.
Attachments, incl. list of ranches taken for "Orchard Tract."
Plat map T43-44, R13-14, undated.
Same area as above.
"Map & Estimates, Burney Creek Timber," undated.
Annotated plat map.
"Bear Creek Timber, No Estimate," undated.
[Annotated plat map]
Photo of a plat map showing Bear Flat, White Horse, Shingletown, Poison Lake, and Lights Creek Tracts, [ca.1930].
Location Box
Annotated plat map showing parts of Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, and Plumas counties, undated.
Certain tracts colored in.
Annotated plat map showing part of Siskiyou County, undated.
Certain tracts colored in.
Annotated plat map (parts of Siskiyou, Shasta, and Tehama counties) apparently showing Bear Creek Tract, 1919.
Including attachment.
Annotated plat map (parts of Siskiyou, Shasta, and Tehama counties) showing tracts sold to R. A. Long, McCloud River Lumber Company, and RRLC, Waland Lumber Company, and Red River 1/2--Andrus 1/2 lands, [ca.1930?].
Location Box
Annotated plat map (Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties) showing lands sold, timber contracted, lands mortgaged, status of real estate taxes, etc., undated [ca.1932?].
Very large map.
Annotated plat map (Modoc, Lassen, Tehama counties), undated.
Various tracts colored in (no legend). Incl. Modoc County lands sold to W. A. Pickering.
Annotated plat map (Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties), undated.
Various tracts colored in (red) and identified numerically (no legend).
Annotated plat map (Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, Tehama, Plumas counties), undated.
Various tracts colored in (no legend).
Annotated plat map (Modoc, Lassen, Plumas counties), undated.
Various tracts colored in (no legend).
Annotated plat map (Modoc, Lassen, Plumas counties), undated.
Various tracts colored in (no legend).

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Correspondence, miscellaneous papers, and some corporate records related to the Walker interests' Federal and Globe lumber companies, organizations that appear to have been formed to log specific tracts of northeastern California timber in the general vicinity of what later became Westwood. The records provide little evidence that either of these companies generated significant activity following their incorporation in 1906.

Federal Lumber Company

The Federal Lumber Company, a Minnesota corporation, was incorporated May 7, 1906, for the stated purpose of constructing one or more lumber mills along a railroad line to be constructed from Red Bluff, California through Shingletown to Burney Valley. T. B. Walker deeded 126,986.15 acres of timber in Shasta County to the company. Incorporators included Allen P. Asher, A. A. Feltus, and Walter F. Dacey; T. B., Fletcher, Gilbert, and Archie Walker, and Reuben H. Adams were elected directors. Asher, Feltus, and Dacey then resigned, and Walkers were elected officers.
Federal Lumber Company records include secretary's record book pages and stock certificate book pages, removed from otherwise blank volumes, as well as some correspondence and miscellaneous papers. They provide information about the formation of the company, about the lands deeded to it by T. B. Walker, and about directors meetings. There is a copy of the company's bylaws, a certificate of incorporation, a warranty deed from T. B. and Harriet G. Walker to the company, and a tract-by-tract title examination report prepared by Wilson & Mercer.
Location Box
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers, undated and 1906.
Secretary's Record Book Pages, 1906.
Stock Certificate Book Pages, 1906.

Globe Lumber Company

The Globe Lumber Company, a Minnesota corporation, was incorporated January 3, 1906, for the stated purpose of purchasing the Pitt River tract of timber (about 100,000 acres) from T. B. Walker. The tract was located on the south and east side of the Pitt River below Fall River Mills, California. Incorporators included Gilbert, Fletcher, Willis, and Archie Walker, and Charles B. March; these men also constituted the first board of directors. Fletcher was named president and Archie secretary and treasurer.
Its records include articles of incorporation; a copy of the bylaws; a corporate minute book (1906); stock certificate book pages; deeds for lands in Lassen, Tehama, and Plumas counties; and information about the purchase of the Pitt River Tract from T. B. Walker.
Location Box
Articles of Incorporation, 1906.
Minute Book, 1906.
Stock Certificate Book Pages, 1906:
Certificates 1-144. 4 folders.
Certificates 301-318. 1 folder.
Miscellaneous Papers, undated and 1906.

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Subject and correspondence files kept at Minneapolis in connection with the management of the Walker family agencies' California timber lands by SHAFCO, a cooperative corporation established following the 1944 sale of the Red River Lumber Company's Westwood, California lumber manufacturing plant. SHAFCO was in a sense a successor to the RRLC, although it did not engage in the manufacture of lumber. The files have been retained as originally kept in the Walker offices, in two alphabetical sequences (1947-1958 and 1956-1965).

Subject Files:

Location Box
ADW and BHW California Property Trusts (Walter W. Walker, Trustee), 1955.
Agents Conferences (Walter W. Walker Reports), 1952.
Agents Conferences, 1952-1956.
Approval by Archie D. Walker (Agent), 1953-1958. 4 folders.
Blue Ox Timber Company, 1952-1958.
Egg Lake Tract, 1954.
Directors Meetings Minutes, 1952.
General File, 1948-1956. 11 folders.
The General File contains information about a wide range of company and agency business, including forest management, tree farming, stumpage sales, and lumbering (carried on by others); geology and mineral possibilities on lands administered by SHAFCO; Christmas tree cutting; and routine financial and accounting matters. There are monthly reports that summarize SHAFCO activities, giving information about timber sales, logging operations, logging contracts, lumber prices, and financial matters. There is information about the Andrus interests; a 1948 map of a "Lake Almanor Recreational Area" (proposed resort development); and discussion about the construction of a new high school building in Westwood (SHAFCO apparently opposed this).
Other topics represented in the General File include a cooperative fire patrol (using airplanes) and fire protection given by the California Division of Forestry to private lands within the boundaries of national forests (SHAFCO wanted more fire protection help from the state); timber cutting by U.S. Plywood Corporation and the Ralph L. Smith Lumber Company on SHAFCO lands; and Kenneth R. Walker's Paul Bunyan Lumber Company. There are service agreements between SHAFCO and agencies; "SHAFCO Activities" newsletters (1953 and 1954); and a 1956 memo with attachments listing each of the agencies and giving its date of formation, names of agents and other signatories, and the color representing each on plat maps. A December 7, 1956 memo mentions the destruction by fire of the then-defunct Westwood mill. Correspondents in the General File include Archie, Brooks, Walter, and Theodore Walker; Walker Smith; SHAFCO general managers William H. Price, R. A. Colgan, Jr., and William M. Beaty; Ed. B. Jensen of the Red River Lumber Company in Liquidation; G. D. Blake of the Central Hanover Bank & Trust Company (New York City); and various property agents.
Location Box
Home Ranch, 1954-1955.
The file concerning the Walker's Home Ranch includes a 1954 appraisal report by George Hutchinson of Oakland, California, as well as information about fish and game management on SHAFCO lands.
Legal File, 1952-1954.
Lester Herrick and Herrick, 1947, 1953-1954.
Mineral Survey, 1955-1956.
Monthly Reports, 1952-1955.
The Monthly Reports files include capital and assets reports, and payroll and expense distribution reports; many of these reports are also found scattered among other files. They include "SHAFCO Activities" memoranda (1952), which are narrative monthly reports to agency principals, SHAFCO members, and Andrus trustees; these may have been a predecessor to the "SHAFCO Activities" newsletter.
Officers, 1952-1958.
Payroll, 1948-1955.
Power of Attorney, 1954-1955.
RRLC in Liquidation, 1954.
RRLC Tax Suit, 1954.
Special Projects Cost Distribution Report, 1951.
Statements, 1954-1957.
Forest Fires, 1952-1955.
General, 1952-1956.
Sales, 1952-1958. 2 folders.
Walter W. Walker, Trustee: SHAFCO, 1956-1958.
Administration File (S-G-A-1)
Appears to be a continuation of the General File, containing intra-company correspondence and memoranda with related maps, financial statements, and other papers. It includes information about the growing and sale of Christmas trees; concern by certain SHAFCO personnel about California politics, and their support of Republican candidates for elective office; tax assessments in Modoc County; forestry and land management; stumpage sales; some land purchases, sales, and exchanges; a Pacific Gas & Electric Company powerline project across Andrus and the agencies' lands; annual SHAFCO owners' tours; and the Andrus trustees. There is correspondence with consulting forester Donald Bruce in regard to reappraisal of agency lands. Other correspondents include G. D. Blake (apparently representing the Andrus trustees); Dana C. Smith; Brooks, Theodore, and Walter W. Walker; William M. Beaty; and the Ralph L. Smith Lumber Company (which became a division of the Kimberly-Clark Corporation). Later files are clearly Walter Walker's files, he apparently having replaced his retired father Archie in monitoring SHAFCO matters.
1957-1964. 7 folders.
Location Box
Agents and Officers Conferences, 1959-1965. (File S-G-A-2). 10 folders.
Agents and Officers Conferences files include agenda packets that provided each participant with background information such as production estimates, cash statements, and information about income, sales, budget, and special projects. There are also narrative summaries (not minutes) of the meetings, some correspondence and memoranda, and some agendas for officers, directors, and owners conferences.
Audit Reports (File S-G-A-3):
Audit Reports include audits of Agencies 1-7 prepared by Haskins & Sells, San Francisco.
Location Box
Bruce Report, 1956-1965 (File S-G-B-1). 2 folders.
The Bruce Report is an appraisal of the value of Agencies 1-7 and "4th Parties" [Andrus interests?] timber lands, prepared by Donald Bruce and updated several times between 1956 and 1965. The file includes appraisal reports and related correspondence, memoranda, and data. It also contains information about the sale by Leon Walker of his interest in agency land to the Ralph L. Smith Lumber Company.
Budget, 1959-1965 (File S-G-B-2). 2 folders.
Christmas Trees (File S-G-C-1):
Forest Fires, 1959-1965 (File S-G-F-1). 2 folders.
General Subjects, 1959-1960; (File S-G-G-1).
Monthly Reports: Agency Distribution Sheets, etc., 1959-1965 (File S-G-M-1). 5 folders.
Pulpwood-Chips, 1960-1961 (File S-G-P-1).
Timber Sales, 1959-1965 (File S-G-T-1).
General Correspondence (File S-G-(A-Z)):
The General Correspondence (1960-1965, 1 cubic foot) is primarily concerned with forestry matters, pest control, land transactions, and other aspects of the management of SHAFCO's forest lands, and with routine company housekeeping and business matters, such as insurance. It does not concern the cutting of timber. Although there is some correspondence with lumber companies and other outsiders, this is primarily Walker correspondence with SHAFCO general and land department managers. The files include information about an easement granted by SHAFCO to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company to construct a gas pipeline across SHAFCO lands; a 1962 blowdown of timber and SHAFCO's subsequent salvage efforts; miscellaneous litigation; mineral exploration; and politics, legislation, and candidates for office.
There are letters concerning the sale of the McCloud River Lumber Company to United States Plywood Corporation and concerning SHAFCO's business dealings with the Kimberly-Clark Corporation; American Forest Products Industries, Inc. (AFPI) annual reports; minutes of meetings of the AFPI Wildlife and Recreation Committee; forest pest condition reports by the California Pest Control Action Council; an AFPI "Analysis of Logging and the 1964 California Floods"; and a "Proposal for Land Use and Feasibility Study for Properties at Eagle Lake, Lassen County, California" (1964). Correspondents include the Walkers; Walker Smith; Richardson B. Okie; SHAFCO general managers Colgan and Beaty; and Conrad L. Bower, manager of the SHAFCO land department. Narrative monthly reports outline Colgan's activities, including his participation in matters relating to the California Taxpayers' Association, the California Forest Protective Association, the Committee on Timber Valuation and Taxation, and AFPI. There are also letters from Colgan and others opposing federal wilderness legislation; correspondence with an official of the Hanover Bank (New York City) in regard to management of the Andrus lands; and correspondence with Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison, San Francisco attorneys.
1960-1961. 2 folders.
Location Box
1962-1965. 10 folders.

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Subject files (including correspondence, photos, and other materials), corporate record books, and financial and accounting volumes related to the wholesale commission produce market operated in downtown Minneapolis by the Walker interests and their associates from 1892 until the 1930s, under long-term market master Reuben H. Adams, and his predecessors Louis R. Gorham and Harlow Gale.

Adams, Reuben H.:

The Reuben H. Adams files include market-related letters received (ca. 1916) by T. B. Walker, particularly from disgruntled grocers and gardeners complaining of congestion and cramped conditions, and about an apparently botched remodelling job that seems to have reduced the available square footage; in other letters Adams gives Walker his recommendations on these matters. There are some letters concerning Dight's proposed municipal market. The files contain poems written by Adams, and newspaper clippings of his poems and letters to the editor. The published letters deal primarily with art themes (Adams was also the self-taught curator of the T. B. Walker Art Gallery) and with local politics (including Adams' diatribes against alleged socialists in Minneapolis city government). Adams' own papers are at the Hennepin County Historical Society, Minneapolis.
Two letterpress books (1915-1933) kept by Adams primarily concern the routine operations of the market company, and T. B. Walker's art collection and gallery. Included are letters relating to stall rentals; arrangements with and instructions to market vendors; the scheduling of art gallery tours; research for the Walker-Akeley litigation; real estate taxes at St. Louis Park; and purchases of real estate by T. B. Walker. Many of the letters are responses to persons requesting information about or photographic reproductions of paintings and other works of art in Walker's collection, and responses to persons offering art for sale. Penwalk Investment Company and Pacific Investment Company business letters are also included in the Adams volumes. Other recipients include the Red River Lumber Company office at Westwood, Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji), former President Theodore Roosevelt, and the treasurers and registers of deeds of various Minnesota counties.
Location Box
Undated and 1916-1926.
Clippings, undated and 1904-1927.
Location Box
Letterpress books:
April 6, 1915-April 20, 1920.
May 3, 1920-Dec. 5, 1933.

Subject Files.

The subject files were assembled by the cataloger from assorted miscellany. They include such material as financial statements; market-related statistics; promotional materials; photographs; a file pertaining to stockholders meetings (1935-1937); dissolution data; and information about a proposed (1937) wholesale commission market, apparently to replace the Walkers' Central City Market complex.
Market-related news clippings include an account of its destruction by fire in 1894; a history of the market (to 1921) written by Adams; and advertisements giving statistics (compiled by Adams) favorably comparing the Minneapolis market with similar markets in other cities. There are articles highlighting such problems as congestion and unsanitary conditions at the market, gardeners' and grocers' complaints, improvements to the market property, and agitation for and schemes to construct a municipal market.
A correspondence file includes vendors' complaints and T. B. Walker's responses; a circular letter (1924) concerning public parking in market stalls at times when the market was closed, and requests for permission to park there; miscellaneous financial statements; and a handbill announcing the opening of the market for the 1916 season. Correspondents include T. B. and Archie D. Walker; Harlow A. and S. C. Gale; Adams and Gorham; C. W. Bennett; and Minneapolis attorney Chelsea J. Rockwood. There is also correspondence with the Minnesota Loan and Trust Company (Minneapolis) in regard to a 5-year, $125,000 loan made to the market company (1900).
A file of logos and letterheads includes a detailed artist's drawing of the 1895(?) market complex, which was also printed as a letterhead on the company's stationery. There is also a drawing of "Harlow A. Gale's `New Central City Market,' Minneapolis, Minn." (1891), which evidently was never built.
"Market-Related Tracts and Narratives" includes both published tracts and typewritten drafts of articles by Reuben H. Adams and others; some are of unknown authorship. There are writings both favorable toward and critical of the Walkers and their market operations, comparisons of the Minneapolis market to other public markets, and Dight's report to the Minneapolis city council (1916).
Location Box
Articles of incorporation, 1891.
Cash budget, 1935-1937.
Clippings, undated and 1891-1926.
Correspondence (miscellaneous), undated and 1917, 1935-1937.
Financial statements (miscellaneous), undated and 1893(?)-1933.
Fliers and promotional material, undated and 1893(?)-1933.
Dissolution, 1936-1937.
Mortgage, 1935-1937
Invoices (paid) and related papers (A-Z), 1927.
Jessie Carr-Seale ad Lucy Von Wedelstadt, 1891-1896.
Logos and letterheads, 1890s, 1934.
Market-related statistics, undated and 1913-1925.
Market-related tracts and narratives, undated and 1912-1920.
Minneapolis Producers Association, Inc., undated and 1933-1935.
Photos, undated and [ca. 1913?].
Stockholders meetings, 1935-1937.
Taxes, 1894, 1913-1937.
Wholesale Commission Market (proposed), 1937.
Miscellaneous papers, undated and 1891-1934.

Corporate Record Books,

A secretary's book (1892-1916) and a corporate record book (1926-1937) contain copies of MCCMC's articles of incorporation (1891, 1926); bylaws (ca. 1926); minutes of the first meeting of the incorporators (1926); minutes and resolutions from directors and stockholders meetings; proxy statements; and some miscellaneous letters and papers. The corporate record book for 1917-1925 is missing. There are stock certificate books; journals; cash books; and various rental accounts for stalls, shops, and stores.
Location Box
Secretary's book, April 10, 1892-Aug. 22, 1916.
Corporate record books:
1935. [pages]
Location Box
General journals:
"A," Jan. 3, 1893-Sept. 18, 1903.
"B," Oct. 1, 1903-Dec. 31, 1915.
Check journals:
"C," Jan. 5, 1916-Dec. 31, 1928.
"D," Jan. 3, 1929-Oct. 30, 1937.
Location Box
Cash books:
"Gard'ners and Daily Collections."
"Stall Rents, Transcients, Parking."
Collection journals:
Stall rents. Monies listed in the order received; organized by day.
May 4, 1905-May 29, 1906.
Location Box
March 25, 1909-Aug. 21, 1911.
Aug. 21, 1911-Aug. 16, 1917.
June 2, 1931-Dec. 1, 1935.
Location Box
Petty ledgers:
Stall rent accounts organized by individual vendor.
Location Box
Location Box
"Minneapolis Central City Market Stalls, " 1918-1925.
Rental payment records organized by stall number.
Rent ledgers:
Shops and stores at the Market? Organized by lessee (or renter?).

Item Flat-Filed:

Location Box
7th St. and 3rd Ave. N. Elevations, undated. [ca. 1895?].
2nd Ave. and 6th St. Elevations, undated. [ca. 1895?].
Ground plan, undated [ca. 1895?].
"Gardeners Shed," 1908.
Architectural drawing.
"Central Market and Vicinity," undated. [ca. 19020?].
Blueprint plat matp. Hennepin to 3rd Avenue N., 4th Str. N. to 11th St. N.

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A minute book, financial and accounting volumes, and miscellaneous correspondence and subject files documenting activities of this firm, which was established primarily to promote the development of St. Louis Park, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis.

Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers

Location Box
Articles of incorporation, 1890.
Letterpress Books:
A letterpress book (Volume 4, 1893) contains letters primarily concerned with ML & IC development at St. Louis Park, and with the electric street railway operated by the company between St. Louis Park and Minneapolis. There is information about real estate sales, construction of houses by the company, company-owned industrial buildings, and equipment and machinery pruchased by the company. Included also are various financial statements, letters relating to accounting and financial matters, and letters calling for the remittance of subscriptions for the newly completed electric street railway.
Most of the letters are signed by company officials A. M. Allen (secretary), Edward M. Conant (bookkeeper), Osborn H. Hoffman (engineer), and T. B. Walker (president). Some are signed by Louis R. Gorham. Recipients of letters include Hennepin County treasurer T. J. Buxton; the Decorah Wind Mill Company (Decorah, Iowa); the Shaft-Pierce Shoe Company (St. Louis Park); A. M. Allen; and Osborn H. Hoffman. This volume seems to be the sole survivor of a set of company letterpress books.
Foldered, undated, 1891-1896.
Foldered correspondence and miscellaneous papers (1891-1896) include an 1896 ML & IC financial statement; information about the St. Louis Park Electric Railway Line, including its construction and its eventual sale to the Minneapolis Rapid Transit Company; information about a proposed spur line to the Monitor Manufacturing Company property at St. Louis Park; and miscellaneous information related to ML & IC directors and stockholders. There are small files of material concerning the Minnesota Beet Sugar Manufacturing Company plant at St. Louis Park (1897-1899), including correspondence with company officials Henry Keller and Gustave Theden and some photographs of architectural drawings; of Minneapolis Malleable Iron Company stock certificates and invoices (1891-1892); and of tax data (1914-1922).
Miller, Oscar: Sales Contract, 1905.
Lots 26 adn 27, Block 307.
Minneapolis Beet Sugar Manufacturing Company (St. Louis Park), 1897-1899.
Minneapolis Malleable Iron Company:
Stock Certificate Book pages, 1892.
Location Box
Invoices, 1891.
Pasted into volume.
Location Box
St. Louis Park Street Car Line (photo), 1894
Taxes, 1914-1922.
Location Box
Secretary's Minute Book, July 16, 1899-March 12, 1917.
An ML & IC secretary's minute book (1890-1917) contains minutes of directors and stockholders meetings; articles of incorporation and by laws, with amendments; directors' resolutions; proxy statements; and a statement of monies loaned the ML & IC by T. B. Walker. Some loose miscellaneous papers found with the volume contain information about certain financial arrangements between T. B., the ML & IC, and several of the St. Louis Park businesses. Also present are journals, ledgers, and a rent cash book. There are several oversize plats of St. Louis Park, some with colored sections that probably denote Walker ownership or interest, and a few architectural drawings for proposed buildings.
General journals:
Jan. 3, 1905-March 14, 1917.
Location Box
March 21, 1917-June 29, 1923.
Firm not identified, but seems likely to be ML & IC.
Rent cash book, 1912-1918.
Rent ledger (St. Louis Park), 1908-1911.
Location Box
General ledger, 1905-1917.

Items Flat-Filed

Location Box
St. Louis Park plat book (promotional), [ca. 1891?].
"Plat of Minneapolis and St. Louis Park," [ca. 1891?].
"Compliments of Industrial Investment Company."
St. Louis Park plat map, undated.
Mounted on cardboard; broken into 2 pieces. Annotated to show "Elevations of Surface Water" and "Elev. of Bottoms of Culverts and Tile lines."
"Suggested Plan for Paint Factory," undated.
Architectural drawing.
"Suggested Plan No. 2 for Paint Factory," undated.
Architectural drawing.
"St. Louis Park, Proposed Post Office," undated.
3 blueprint drawings:
Front elevation.
Main floor plan.
Basement & foundation floor plan.
Roxbury Park to St. Louis Park, undated.
Annotated blueprint plat map.
"Rearrangement of St. Louis Park," undated.
Blueprint plat map; certain tracts colored in. Torn into 2 pieces; needs repair.
Map of St. Louis Park, undated.
Certain lots colored in.
Location Box
Rearrangement of St. Louis Park plat book (disassembled), 1891. 24 leaves.

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Financial and accounting records, as well as some correspondence and subject files, for three Walker family partnerships: Four Walkers, Walker Associates, and Walker Brothers.

Four Walkers

The Four Walkers was a partnership for the joint ownership of real estate and rental property, especially in the Minneapolis warehouse district and including the Cardozo Building, Block 2 of Camp & Walker's Addition, and 612 3rd Avenue North. It was organized in 1926, and continued until at least 1963. The original partners were Archie, Willis, Fletcher, and Gilbert Walker.
Records of this organization (1927-1963) include financial statements, information about taxes, a general journal and ledger, and a trial balance book. There are balance sheets, profit and loss statements, and comparative statements of income and expense relating to several partnership properties in downtown Minneapolis; there is also some information about the Myers Building, apparently also in downtown Minneapolis. Correspondents include Archie Walker, L. E. Malchow, Chester E. Priest (San Francisco), Guy C. Shafer (Westwood, California), and various tax officials.
Location Box
Financial statements and miscellaneous papers, 1935-1963.
Taxes, 1934-1947.
General ledger, 1927-1956.
Location Box
General journal, Jan. 5, 1943-Dec. 31, 1956.
Trial balance, 1927-1942.

Walker Associates

This partnership was created when T. B. Walker designated eight members of his family as the Walker Associates, and set aside for them certain unsold lands and contracts on cutover[?] lands in northern Minnesota. Most of the lands eventually reverted to the State of Minnesota. The Walker Associates partnership apparently existed as early as 1914, and continued until at least 1958. In 1921 it seems to have consisted of Archie D., Della B., Eveline S., Fletcher L., Bertha H., Susan R., and Alma B. Walker, and Julia Walker Smith.
Partnership records (1914-1958) consist of journals, a ledger, a cash book, a land contract record book, and some correspondence, financial statements, and miscellany. Correspondents include Archie Walker, the Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis, and registers of deeds in Cass and Itasca counties.
Location Box
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers, 1918-1955.
General journals:
Cash book, 1916-1924.
General ledger, 1916-1958.
Land contract record book, 1914-1946.

Walker Brothers

Walker Brothers was a partnership for the joint ownership of real estate and rentals, particularly commercial and hotel properties in Minneapolis. The partnership was organized in 1925 and continued until at least 1967; the original partners were Archie and Gilbert Walker.
Records (1925-1967) of this organization consist of subject files, financial statements and balance sheets, and some financial and accounting volumes. There is information about several partnership-owned Minneapolis properties, including the Sullivan Garage, the Hayden Garage/Hayden-Bradley property, the Kuhlman Garage, a building at 2917 Nicollet Avenue, the Gilbert Walker house at 421 Groveland Avenue, Inverness Court, and the Drexel Hotel. The files also document Walker Brothers' opposition to proposed public parking lots to be constructed near the intersection of West Lake Street and Hennepin Avenue (1957). Correspondents include Roy H. Nelson, Walker W. Walker, and partnership tenants such as Northside Mercury and Broadway Motors, Inc.
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Financial statements, 1929-1967.
General file, 1953-1957.
Taxes, 1932-1949.
Tourangeau, Marguerite, 1928-1930.
Insurance, 1954-1958. (File L-G-1)
Minnesota Department of Employment Security, 1959-1962. (File L-G-2)
Ledger, 1925-1936.
L-1 Hayden Bradley, 1945-1963.
L-2 Inverness Court, 1945-1952.
L-3 Sullivan Garage, 1955-1967.
L-4 29th and Nicollet (2917-19 Nicollet), 1945-1961.
Drexel Hotel:
L-5 1928-1950.
Journal and check record ["Drexel Court"]:
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March 18, 1930-Dec. 30, 1933.
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Jan. 1, 1934-July 12, 1939.
Accounts Receivable Control:
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March 13, 1930-Dec. 31, 1933.
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Jan. 1, 1934-April 15, 1935.

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Records of a Minneapolis-based real estate holding company organized by the Walker family, which eventually evolved into a general holding company overseeing most of the family's various corporations and business partnerships. The records document the property management and real estate investment activities of Barlow and several key subsidiary real estate holding companies, and the sale of the Walker interests' Minnesota cutover lands. Correspondence and other material relating to the acquisition of Minnesota timber lands (from about 1870) have been included here as well, in order to bring together all major files of Minnesota land-related materials. Some miscellaneous deeds and similar papers relating to Minnesota lands are found in Miscellaneous Minnesota Lands Records.

The company's records have been grouped into two major categories: records relating to Minnesota timberlands and records relating to urban properties. Numberous oversize maps, architectural drawings, and other items related to Barlow lands and properties have been flat-filed and listed separately.


The timberlands records document the Walkers' acquisition of Minnesota pine lands, the examination and estimating of the timber on those lands, and the sale of cutover lands. Included are land acquisition correspondence, tract books, contract books and related volumes documenting the sale of cutover lands, land examination field books, tax-related volumes, letterpress books and foldered correspondence regarding the sale of cutover lands, and land-related subject files. Some of this material was assembled by the cataloger from disorganized miscellany. Information about logging operations is found in "Logging Papers" files in T. B. Walker papers, Red River Lumber Company records, and Walker & Akeley records. Miscellaneous Minnesota Lands Records provide more information about Minnesota timberlands.
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General Files:
Land Correspondence, undated and 1870-1901.
Land Correspondence (1870-1901) is primarily concerned with T. B. Walker's acquisition of northern Minnesota timberlands, particularly from the federal government. It provides information about his procurement of scrip, his applications to enter public lands under the Treaty of February 22, 1955, and about land patents (see the patent files in Miscellaneous Minnesota Lands Records). There is a receipt from the estate of Levi Butler for T. B.'s purchase of all the timber owned by the estate. There is also some information about Walker's construction of a dam at the foot of Clearwater Lake on the Red Lake Indian Reservation in 1882.
Correspondents include Henry Beard, F. M. Campbell, Frank J. Kline, E. C. Whitney, U.S. Representative William D. Washburn, Chicago investment banker S. A. Kean, Curtis & Burdett, and officials of the U.S. General Land Office and its field offices at St. Cloud and Crookston, Minnesota.
The file also includes some early correspondence relative to the acquisition of California timber lands, correspondents including the Washington, D.C. law firm of Holcomb & Johnston, Chester L. and R. H. Hovey, W. L. Leland (Siskiyou County, California), and persons offering land for sale.
The Land Correspondence ends arbitrarily in 1901; the file is continued with the Land Acquisition Correspondence files in California Lands.
Land (Tract) Books.
There are several land (tract) books showing ownership by the Walker interests and the Camp & Walker partnership of lands in northern Minnesota from 1869 to 1974. Included also are land contract registers, mainly for cutover land sales (1904-1956), and record books giving information about the sale of platted lots at several Akeley, Minn. subdivisions and at various other subdivisions platted on Walker lands: Swan Lake, Lake Siseebakwet, Dellwood, Roosevelt Soo, Waville, and the Riverside Addition to Bemidji.
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List of Minnesota Lands Owned by T. B. Walker, 1869-1892.
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Camp & Walker lands; Def. Exhibit 12.
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Various townships in Cass, Itasca, Hubbard, Beltrami, Clearwater, Aitkin, Becker, Crow Wing, Polk, Koochiching, and Wadena counties.
[ca. 1899].
Various townships in Cass, Itasca, Hubbard, Beltrami, Clearwater, Aitkin, Becker, Crow Wing, Polk, Koochiching, and Morrison counties.
Undated [seems more recent than preceding volumes.]
Various townships in Cass, Itasca, Hubbard, Beltrami, Clearwater, Aitkin, Crow Wing, and Wadena counties.
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[ca. 1900-ca. 1974].
[should go to Conservation Lab for extensive treatment]
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[ca. 1907-1915].
Various townships in Cass, Itasca, Hubbard, Beltrami, Clearwater, Aitkin, and Koochiching counties.
Cutover land sales:
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Land contract books:
1909-1925. (Walker & Akeley)
Plantiff's Exhibit K-2.
1912-1956. (RRLC)
1917-1932. (RRLC)
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[Unidentified contract or note register], 1913-1946.
Notes 4157-114824.
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Contract record, 1904-1907.
Part also used as ledger, 1901-1902.
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Installment land contracts, 1919-1949.
List of contracts [for land?], ca. 1899-1920.
May relate to Thompson Wagon Company, and to Minneapolis Jarless Spring Carriage Company.
Index to above volume.
Record books of platted lot sales:
Akeley Industrial Gardents; Akeley Bridge Gardens: Akeley Park Gardens; Swan Lake Lots:; Townsite of Akeley; Lake Siseebakwet; Dellwood; Roosevelt Soo.
Waville lots; Riverside Addition to Bemidji, Minn. [Camp & Walker].
Land sale record book, 1901-1974.
Land examination field books:
There are more than fifty small land examination field books prepared by timber cruisers and others. These volumes include small maps with annotations regarding the timber, topography, and other pertinent information for each quarter section. They are organized sequentially in accordance with numerical designations given them prior to their arrival at MHS.
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1. "18" Beltrami County, Minn.: 145-36, 146-36, 147-36, undated.
2. "201" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-23, 56-23, 55-24, ca. 1882.
George Day.
3. "202" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-25, 56-25, undated.
S. C. Bagley.
4. "204" Itasca County, Minn: Putnam Explorations; Account book; 56-26, 53-25, 52-25 "& c.," ca. 1870.
Edgar P. Putnam.
5. "207" Itasca County, Minn.: 56-25, ca. 1879.
Marin Ganam (sp?).
6. Cass County, Minn.: "Field Notes, General Land Office" 141-31, 1873.
P. H. Conger (sp?).
7. "208" Aitkin County, Minn.: 47-25, 46-25, 45-25, 45-24, 46-24, 47-24, undated.
Edgar P. Putnam.
8. "210" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-24, 56-24, undated.
9. "231" Cass, Aitkin, Itasca Counties, Minn.: 140-25, 141-25, 52-27, 1888-1889.
F. J. Steinmetz.
10. "234" Itasca County, Minn.: 57-26, 57-27, 56-26, 56-27; Minutes on Freeman Lands; 1888.
John W. Irwin.
11. Hubbard County, Minn.: 142-32, 1887.
F. J. Steinmetz.
12. Hubbard County, Minn.: "Steinmtz' Logging Reports; J. A. Grant's Contract, Season of 1892-93"; 140-32, 141-32, 142-32, 1892-1893.
F. J. Steinmetz.
13. "248" Hubbard County, Minn.: 141-32, 1887, 1899.
F. J. Steinmetz (1887); T. J. Nary (1899).
14. "255" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-26, 56-26, 56-27, 1889.
F.J. Steinmetz.
15. "256" Itasca County, Minn.: 54-27, 53-25, 54-25, 1889.
F. J. Steinmetz.
16. "257" Itasca County, Minn.: 56-23, 1887-1888.
F. J. Steinmetz.
17. "259" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-24, 56-24, 1886.
Fred Kribs.
18. "260" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-22, 56-22, 57-23, 55-23, 1887-1888.
F. J. Steinmetz.
19. "261" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-25, 56-25, 1889.
F. J. Steinmetz.
20. "264" Itasca and Cass Counties, Minn.: 54-27, 143-25, undated.
Frank J. Kline.
21. "267" Crow Wing [?] and Itasca Counties, Minn.: 46-28, 56-25, undated [after 1890].
22. "269" Itasca County, Minn.: 54-27, 55-25, undated [afer 1890].
L. P. Strong.
23. "270" Itasca County, Minn.: 53-26, 54-26, 1889.
F. J. Steinmetz.
24. "283" Itasca County, Minn.: 56-26, 57-26, 58-26, 1886-1887.
F. J. Steinmetz.
25. "284" Itasca County, Minn.: 57-25, 1887.
F. J. Steinmetz.
26. Aitkin, Beltrami, Cass, Itasca Counties, Minn.: Trespass Reports (45-27, 55-24, 55-26, 141-25, 142-26, 147-36); Scale of Logs Landed by S. C. B. after Scalers left the woods; Scale of old logs in Sugar Brook; Report of Beckus' cutting in 54-27 up [?], Sept. 1893, 1893.
27. "295" Cass County, Minn.: 740-30, undated.
F. J. Steinmetz.
28. "311" Cass County, Minn.: 740-30, undated.
F. J. Steinmetz.
29. "317" Itasca and Cass Counties, Minn.: 53-25, 55-24, 56-24, 137-32, 55-26, 136-35, 139-36, 1884.
John W. Irwin.
30. "318" Itasca County, Minn.: 55-25, 55-26, 1884.
John W. Irwin.
31. Itasca, Becker, and Hubbard Counties, Minn.: 53-27, 138-36, 140-30, 140-32, 140-33, 1900-1901.
D. P. Jenkins, D. R. Carr, W. Buchanan, Merris Devereaux, David R. Huston, Charles H. Casler.
32. Itasca County, Minn.: 56-24, 56-23, 1909-1910.
D. R. Carr.
33. "328 1/2" Hubbard County, Minn.: 142-33, undated.
F. J. Steinmetz.
34. "364" Beltrami County, Minn.: 146-35, 1898.
John W. Irwin.
35. "395" Cass and Hubbard Counties, Minn.: 142-31, 140-32, 141-32, 142-32, 141-34, 142-34, 141-35, 142-35, 1894.
M. A. Sexton, R. Miller, E. H. McFarlane.
36. Hubbard and Beltrami Counties, Minn.: 142-32, 145-35, 148-31, 148-33, 148-30, 1905.
John McDonald.
37. Beltrami County, Minn.: Fagan Lake (147-34) scale book kept by J. R. Stanchfield, undated.
38. Clearwater County, Minn.: 143-37, 144-37, undated.
39. 144-37, undated.
40. Cass County, Minn.: 142-25, 1922.
E. M.
41. 141-25, 140-26, 141-27, 1922.
E. M.
42. 142-26, 142-27, 143-27, 1922.
E. M.
43. "Field Notes of Subdivision and Topographical Survey, Sec. 22 Tp. 142 R. 31."
44. Hubbard County, Minn.: 143-34, 144-34, ca. 1925.
E. M.
45. Itasca County, Minn.: 59-25, 1922.
E. M.
46. 55-25, 56-25, 54-26, 1921-1922.
E. M.
47. 54-26, 53-25, 1921-1922.
E. M.
48. 54-27 [sections 22-34], 1922.
50. 54-25, 54-26, 55-22, 55-23. 55-26, 56-22, 56-23, 56-25, 56-26, 57-22, 57-23, undated.
L. P. Strong.
51. 54-25, 57-23, undated.
L. P. Strong.
52. Beltrami County, Minn.: 148-30, 148-31, undated.
L. P. Strong.
53. Itasca and Koochiching Counties, Minn.: 62-24, 63-24, 1907.
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Itasca State Park [found in ADW files]:
54. Land examination field book. Clearwater and Hubbard Counties, Minn.: 143-35, 143-36, "1913" [1910-1914].
J. Devlin.
55. Timber estimates book. Clearwater and Hubbard Counties, Minn.: 143-35, 143-36, 1910-1914.
56. "Report of S. C. Bagley's cutting in T. 144 R. 33, Winter 1900 & 1901, Chas. Scott.: [Hubbard County].
Tax Records:
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Certificates of tax judgment, 1901-1929.
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List of tax title lands, 1924-1933.
Includes some other miscellany.
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Descriptions of lots in blocks 1-336 (unidentified town), undated.
Minnesota Cutover Lands:
[General] Correspondence:
Letterpress Volumes:
The [General] Correspondence letterpress books (1908-1919, 13 volumes) relate primarily to the sale of both RRLC and Walker & Akeley partnership cutover land. The letters all seem to have originated in the RRLC general offices at Minneapolis.
The letters include price quotations and other responses to persons inquiring about cutover lands, information about their sale on contracts for deed, and the failure of some purchasers to keep up their contract payments and/or to pay their real estate taxes. There are also letters concerning insurance coverage on lumber at the RRLC yard at Akeley and on various Walkerowned buildings; the Minneapolis Central City Market Company market; and T. B. Walker's art collection and gallery.
Most of the letters were written by RRLC accountant/art gallery curator/market master Reuben H. Adams, and by RRLC purchasing agent Rodney C. Hodge. They were largely written for the signatures of others, including Archie, Willis, Gilbert, and Fletcher Walker. There are also some letters authored by RRLC attorney and land man Ellsworth G. Scammon.
Recipients of letters include T. B. Walker; the RRLC offices at Akeley, Westwood, Chicago, and San Francisco; various land companies in Minnesota and in neighboring states, including the B. F. Daniel Land Company and the Empire Land Company (both of Akeley); numerous small lumber companies; officials of northern Minnesota counties; and realtors Jens J. Opsahl (Bemidji), Elmer Madson (Grand Rapids, Minnesota) and J. H. Halvorson (Nevis, Minnesota). There are letters to T. B. Walker's business partner Healy C. Akeley and to Hugh V. Mercer, attorney for the Akeley heirs; the commissioner of the U.S. General Land Office; and Great Northern Iron Ore Properties officials J. H. Gruber (secretary) and Lewis D. Newman (manager). Various Minnesota banks received letters, as did financial services companies, including Thorpe Bros., the Minnesota Loan & Trust Company, and the Arthur P. Smith Company (all of Minneapolis), and the Lumbermen's Credit Association (Chicago).
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December 10, 1908-Sept. 20, 1909.
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Sept. 22, 1909-May 26, 1910.
May 22, 1911-May 24, 1912.
May 24, 1912-April 15, 1913.
April 10, 1913-Dec. 30, 1913.
Dec. 31, 1913-Aug. 13, 1914.
Jan. 29, 1915-Sept. 8, 1915.
Sept. 7, 1915-March 16, 1916.
March 16, 1916-Dec. 21, 1916.
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Dec. 21, 1916-June 13, 1917.