102nd Regiment (Royal Madras Fusiliers) [UK]
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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 04.06.2006
102nd Regiment of Foot
(Royal Madras Fusiliers)
East India Company / United Kingdom   
  Titles & Lineage
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  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges

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How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1645 [independent companies]
1742 Madras Europeans  
1766 1st Madras Europeans
redesignated on formation of 2nd Madras Europeans
1774 1st Madras European Regiment
expanded by absorbing elements of 3rd Madras Europeans:
  • 1st Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion
1799 The Madras European Regiment
reduced to single battalion
1824 expanded:
  • 1st Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion
1830 reduced to single battalion (1st absorbed 2nd)
1839 1st Madras (European) Regiment
redesignated on formation of 2nd Madras (European) Regt
1843 1st Madras (European) Fusiliers
1858.07.03 1st Madras Fusiliers
passed from HEIC to Crown control
1861.05.02 1st Royal Madras Fusiliers
1862.09.30 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers)
transferred to British Army
1881.07.01 united with 103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers) , to form The Royal Dublin Fusiliers
pip History of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, by Waterford County Museum.
pip Walking Down the Colonial Lane [Fort Museum, Fort St. George, Chennai], by Natasha Garyali (Chennai Online)
    [1st Battalion] [1742-1881]
    2nd Battalion [1774-1799]
    2nd Battalion [1824-1830]
Depot and Reserves:
  ? Depot Battalion [1856-1871]
  66th Brigade Depot at Naas [1873-1881]
Arcot, [Plassey]1, Condore2, Wandiwash, Pondicherry, Nundy Droog3, Amboyna, Ternate, Banda, Maheidpoor, Ava, Pegu, Lucknow

1. the Royal Tiger badge inscribed "Plassey".
2. awarded in error; the regiment was not present.
3. awarded with Royal Tiger badge.
Note: see also successor for belatedly awarded battle honours.

flag construction sign
Badges: construction sign
  Uniform: ?-1774: scarlet; facings: construction sign
  1774-1776: scarlet; facings: buff
  1776-1785: scarlet; facings: white
  1785-1786?: scarlet; facings: Saxon blue; lace: gold
  1786?-1799: scarlet; facings: blue
  1799-?: scarlet; facings: light blue; lace: gold
  ?-1843: scarlet; facings: white
  1843-1881: scarlet; facings: blue
1748? Strirnger Lawrence
1862.09.30 Gen. Sir Robert John Hussey Vivian, GCB
vc Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
Officers of the 102nd Regiment, 1873 [from Hart's Army List]
Motto: construction sign
Nicknames: construction sign
Anniversaries: construction sign
Freedoms: [none]
Marches: construction sign
Musicians: construction sign
Mascot: construction sign
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:


swords [no external sites have been found]
monument [no external sites have been found]
book Bird, Spencer Godfrey.  The regimental records of 1st Batt., Royal Dublin Fusiliers, formerly 102nd Royal Madras Fusiliers, 1st Madras Fusiliers, the Madras European regiment, 1842-1905.  [s.l. :  s.n., (Biddle & Shippam)], 1904.
book Butler, Lt.  A sketch of the services of the Madras European Regiment during the Burmese War.  London : Smith, Elder & Co., 1839.
book Harcourt, George John.   The regimental records of the First Battalion, the Royal Dublin Fusiliers ... 1644-1842 : formerly the Madras Europeans, the Madras European Regiment, the First Madras Fusiliers, the 102nd Royal Madras Fusiliers.  London :  H. Rees, 1910. 
book Neill, J.G.S. Historical record of The Honourable East India Company's First Madras European Regiment; containing an account of the establishment of independent companies in 1645, their formation intoa regiment in 1748, and its subsequent services to 1842.  London : Smith, Elder & Co., 1842.
book Raikes, Thomas.  Services of the 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers) from 1842 to the present time; being a sequel to the 'Services of the Madras European Regiment; by a Staff Officer'.  London : Smith, Elder & Co., 1867.
book Wylly, H. C. (Harold Carmichael).  Neill's "Blue Caps"; being a record of the antecedents and early history of the Regiment variously known as the East India Company's European Regiment, The Madras European Regiment, the 1st Madras European Regiment, the 1st Madras European Fuziliers, the 1st Madras Fusiliers, the 102nd Royal Madras Fuziliers, and the 1st Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers.  Aldershot : Printed and published for the Regimental Committee by Gale & Polden,  1924.
book Wylly, H. C. (Harold Carmichael).  Neill's "Blue Caps".  [reprint] Cork : Schull Books, 1996.