Franklin Delano Roosevelt Speeches

March 04, 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt

First Inaugural Address

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March 12, 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 1

On the Bank Crisis. By the time of Roosevelt's inauguration, nearly all of the banks in the nation had temporarily closed in response to mass withdrawals by a panicked public. Roosevelt calms the fears of the nation and outlines his plan to restore confidence in the banking system.

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May 07, 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 2

Sixty days into the "First Hundred Days" Roosevelt updates the nation on the progress of the special session of Congress that he called on March 5th. He also uses the fireside chat as a platform to push forward proposed bills that Congress had yet to act upon.

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July 24, 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 3

Roosevelt defends the New Deal at the end of the First Hundred Days as a system of orderly, successful programs. He focuses specifically on building support for the National Recovery Administration. Through the NRA, the president hoped to stabilize the economy through better employment codes. No audio recording exists for this address.

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October 22, 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 4

In the midst of discouraging economic news reports, Roosevelt tries to paint a positive picture of economic progress, emphasizing the NRA and AAA. The president also outlines a strategy for inflating currency to increase commodity prices, a policy he would later abandon after it failed to have the desired impact. No audio recording exists for this address.

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June 28, 1934

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 5

After summarizing the achievements of the Seventy-third Congress, Roosevelt addresses the mounting criticism of his New Deal strategy-- most notably former president Herbert Hoover. No audio recording exists for this address.

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September 30, 1934

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 6

On Government and Capitalism. Five weeks before mid-term elections, Roosevelt addresses the relationship between management, labor, and government. He reprimands both labor and business for not fully cooperating with New Deal reforms but perhaps comes down harder on business, hinting at Roosevelt's movement to the left.

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April 28, 1935

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 7

On the Works Relief Program and Social Security Act. Roosevelt begins his address by defending the New Deal as a unified program rather than a group of individual laws. He specifically champions the newly passed Works Progress Administration as a necessary program to combat unemployment. The president also introduces the Social Security Act, at the time awaiting action by Congress.

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June 27, 1936

President Franklin Roosevelt

Democratic National Convention

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September 06, 1936

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 8

On Farmers and Laborers. Roosevelt seeks to remind farmers and laborers of how they rely on one another two months before the election, in which he successfully carries both the agricultural and industrial states. After the 1936 drought, the president outlines the relief efforts being made for the farmers, while also highlighting programs under way for labor.

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October 31, 1936

President Franklin Roosevelt

Speech at Madison Square Garden

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January 20, 1937

President Franklin Roosevelt

Second Inaugural Address

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March 09, 1937

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 9

On "Court-packing". Responding to criticism about his proposal to restructure the Supreme Court, Roosevelt criticizes conservative judges who blocked important New Deal programs and advocates a restructuring of the judiciary. Ultimately, the president's plan deteriorates, but, nonetheless, Roosevelt was eventually able to reshape the court by appointing eight justices before his death in 1945.

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October 05, 1937

President Franklin Roosevelt

Quarantine Speech

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October 12, 1937

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 10

On New Legislation. Setting out his proposals for a special session of Congress, Roosevelt calls for reforming the agricultural industry, enforcing minimum wages and maximum work hours, and reviewing the national antitrust policy. The President ends by reassuring Americans about the threat of war after his "Quarantine Speech" seven days earlier left many Americans concerned about the state of the world.

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November 14, 1937

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 11

On the Unemployment Census. In an attempt to establish an accurate number of unemployed Americans, Congress conducted a National Unemployment Census in 1938. In this address Roosevelt urges the country to cooperate with the census. No audio recording exists for this address.

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April 14, 1938

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 12

On the 1937-1938 Recession. Responding to an improved economy, Roosevelt sought to balance the budget by cutting back many of the New Deal reforms. These cutbacks drove the economy into a new recession by the fall of 1937. Roosevelt address the nation on the same day that he requested an increase in public spending from Congress to boost the economy. The Agricultural Adjustment Act and the Fair Labor Standards Act were permanent results of the new spending.

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June 24, 1938

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 13

Purging the Democratic Party. Roosevelt makes three observations in this address: he defends moderate liberalism, declares victory in his fight against the Supreme Court, and condemns the opponents of the New Deal. Most notably, Roosevelt announces his intention to campaign actively for Senate seats, especially against a number of southern conservative Democrats who obstructed his New Deal reforms.

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July 08, 1938

President Franklin Roosevelt

Dedication of a Memorial to the Northwest Territory

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September 03, 1939

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 14

On the European War. Hours after Great Britain and France declare war on Germany, Roosevelt toes the narrow line between aiding the Allies and maintaining neutrality. The president announces a new proclamation declaring American neutrality. He also implicitly states his support for the Allies, preparing the public for his September 21st proposal calling for a relaxation of the neutrality laws to allow for the selling of arms to Great Britain and France on a "cash-and-carry" basis. Congress passed his proposal on November 3, 1939.

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May 26, 1940

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 15

On National Defense. Responding to Hitler's invasion of Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France, Roosevelt attempts to prepare Americans for increased support for Great Britain. Roosevelt also seeks to reassure the public of America 's readiness to deal with any threats to the nation, and notes particularly the nation's expanded military production.

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June 10, 1940

President Franklin Roosevelt

"Stab in the Back" Speech

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July 19, 1940

President Franklin Roosevelt

Democatic National Convention

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December 29, 1940

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 16

"Arsenal of Democracy." After concluding a Destroyers-for-Bases treaty with the besieged British, Roosevelt appeals to the nation to provide more material support to Great Britain . Roosevelt argues that the best way to stay out of the war and preserve national security is to aid the Allied forces, establishing the United States as the "arsenal of democracy."

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January 06, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

State of the Union (Four Freedoms)

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January 20, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Third Inaugural Address

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March 15, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

On Land Lease

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May 27, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Radio Address Announcing an Unlimited National Emergency (Fireside Chat 17)

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September 11, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 18

On The Greer Incident. Roosevelt takes advantage of the Greer incident, in which a German submarine fired on an American destroyer near Iceland , to argue for more American involvement in the war. Citing the incident as an act of aggression, Roosevelt orders escorts to protect Lend Lease convoys and shoot German submarines on sight.

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December 08, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Address to Congress Requesting a Declaration of War

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December 09, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 19

On the War with Japan. In this address just two days after the attack on Pearl Harbor , Roosevelt prepares the nation for the war ahead. He urges the nation to steel itself for casualties and setbacks and prepare to make the sacrifices necessary in the coming fight. Roosevelt also emphasizes that Italy and Germany remain grave threats to the United States but stops short of declaring war on the two nations.

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December 11, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt

Message to Congress Requesting War Declarations with Germany and Italy

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February 23, 1942

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 20

On the Progress of the War. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. In response to calls for an Asia-first policy, Roosevelt demonstrates to the American people the importance his administrations war strategy.

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April 28, 1942

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 21

On Sacrifice. Suffering losses in the Pacific and facing uncertainty in Europe, the president calls on Americans to sacrifice and maintain their resolve during the war. Roosevelt particularly addresses the economic concerns of inflation with a seven point program designed to stabilize the economy to meet the country's war needs.

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September 07, 1942

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 22

On Inflation and Food Prices. Facing rapidly increasing food prices and wage rates, Roosevelt submitted a bill to Congress to stabilize food prices, giving the body less than one month to pass the bill before taking executive action. Roosevelt spoke to the American people that evening and clarified the bill's objectives for the American people. Congress passed a stabilization bill on October 2.

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October 12, 1942

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 23

On the Home Front. The president summarizes his perception of optimistic American attitudes after a two week, nation-wide trip, which left him in good spirits. Roosevelt addresses a variety of subjects, including women in the workforce, the need for peace after war, drafting eighteen-year olds, and trials for Axis leaders.

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January 07, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

State of the Union Address

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May 02, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 24

On the Coal Crisis. Responding to a United Mine Workers (UMW) strike, Roosevelt announces that the government has taken control of the mines. He appeals to mine workers' sense of patriotism during war time and asks that they return to work. The president used this speech to establish allies in his feud with UMW leader John L. Lewis.

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July 28, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 25

On the Fall of Mussolini. Roosevelt gives a progress report of American efforts in the war, particularly recent victories in North African and Sicily that led to Mussolini's fall. Roosevelt urges the nation to continue the war effort, while assuring the public that the Allies were already planning for a postwar world and a comprehensive "G.I. Bill of Rights."

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September 08, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 26

On the Armistice in Italy. Roosevelt announces the armistice in Italy but warns Americans that the German army must still be defeated in the Mediterranean and driven out of Italy . To boost military funding, the president introduces the third war loan drive.

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December 01, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

The Teheran Declaration

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December 24, 1943

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 27

On the Tehran and Cairo Conferences. After an extensive trip through the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Roosevelt issues a favorable report of his meetings in Cairo and Teheran with Churchill, Stalin, and Chiang Kai-shek. The president hints at the coming invasion of Europe and announces Dwight Eisenhower as the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.

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June 05, 1944

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 29

On the Fall of Rome. Roosevelt enthusiastically announces the capture of Rome while reminding the public that the Allies had more Axis confrontations ahead of them. Roosevelt gives his address on the eve of D-Day.

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June 12, 1944

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fireside Chat 30

Opening Fifth War Loan Drive. Less than a week after D-Day, Roosevelt calls on Americans to do their duty to support the war by buying Treasury bonds as part of the fifth war loan drive. Roosevelt stresses the engagement of Allied forces throughout the world.

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July 20, 1944

President Franklin Roosevelt

Democratic National Convention

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January 20, 1945

President Franklin Roosevelt

Fourth Inaugural Address

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February 11, 1945

President Franklin Roosevelt

�Joint Statement with Churchill and Stalin on the Yalta Conference

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March 01, 1945

President Franklin Roosevelt

Address to Congress on Yalta

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