Summary List of Lower Limb Structures

Bones

  • Hip Bone
    • Ilium
      • iliac crest
        • ant. superior iliac spine
      • ant. inferior iliac spine
      • iliopubic eminence
      • greater sciatic notch
    • Ischium
      • ischial tuberosity
      • ischial spine
      • lesser sciatic notch
    • Pubis
      • pubic crest
        • pectin of pubis
      • pubic tubercle
      • symphysis pubis
      • pubic ramus
    • obturator foramen
      • obturator canal
    • Acetabulum
      • acetabular labrum
      • acetabular notch
      • acetabular fossa
  • Femur
    • head
    • neck
    • greater trochanter
    • lesser trochanter
    • gluteal tuberosity
    • linea aspera
    • shaft
    • condyles
      • medial
      • lateral
    • epicondyles
      • medial
      • lateral
  • Patella
  • Tibia
    • medial condyle
    • lateral condyle
    • tuberosity
    • shaft
    • medial malleolus
  • Fibula
    • head
    • neck
    • shaft
    • lateral malleolus
  • Tarsal Bones
    • talus
    • calcaneus
      • sustentaculum tali
    • cuboid
    • navicular
    • cuneiform I
    • cuneiform II
    • cuneiform III
  • Metatarsal Bones (I to V)
  • Phalanges
    • 5 proximal
    • 5 distal
    • 4 intermediate

    Joints

  • Foot
    • long plantar ligament
    • calcaneocuboid ligament
    • calcaneonavicular (spring) ligament
  • Ankle
    • medial (deltoid) ligament
      • posterior tibiotalar
      • tibionavicular
      • tibiocalcaneal
  • Knee
    • tibial (medial) collateral ligament
    • fibular (lateral) collateral ligament
    • medial meniscus
    • lateral meniscus
    • cruciate ligaments
      • anterior
      • posterior
    • oblique popliteal ligament
    • arcuate ligament
    • patellar tendon
  • Hip
    • iliofemoral ligament
    • ischiofemoral ligament
    • pubofemoral ligament
    • ligament of head of femur
    • transverse acetabular ligament
    • acetabular labrum

Muscles

anterior thigh compartment

  • iliopsoas
  • sartorius
  • quadriceps femoris
    • rectus femoris
    • vastus laterals
    • vastus medialis
    • vastus intermedius
  • pectineus
  • articularis genu

medial compartment of thigh

  • adductor longus
  • adductor brevis
  • adductor magnus (except hamstring part)
  • gracilis

anterior compartment of leg

  • tibialis anterior
  • extensor hallucis longus
  • extensor digitorum long
    • peroneus tertius

dorsum of foot

  • >extensor digitorum brevis
  • extensor hallucis brevis

lateral compartment of leg

  • peroneus longus
  • peroneus brevis

Muscles (cont.)

Gluteal Region

  • gluteus maximus
  • gluteus medius
  • gluteus minimus
  • piriformis
  • superior gemellus
  • obturator internus
  • inferior gemellus
  • obturator externus
  • quadratus femoris

posterior compartment of the thigh

  • hamstrings
    • semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
    • biceps femoris, long head
    • hamstring part of adductor longus
  • biceps femoris, short head

posterior compartment of leg

  • flexor digitorum longus
  • flexor hallucis longus
  • tibialis posterior
  • popliteus

sole of foot

    1st layer
  • adductor hallucis
  • flexor digitorum brevis
  • abductor digiti minimi
    2nd layer
  • accessory flexor (quadratus plantae)
  • lumbricals
  • tendons of flexor digitorum longus
  • tendon of flexor hallucis longus
    3rd layer
  • flexor hallucis brevis
  • adductor hallucis
    • oblique head
    • transverse head
  • flexor digiti minimi brevis
    4th layer
  • interossei
    • 4 dorsal interossei
    • 3 plantar interossei
  • tendon of peroneus longus
  • tendon of tibialis posterior

Nerves

  • lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
  • femoral nerve
    • cutaneous branches
      • intermediate cutaneous
      • medial cutaneous
      • saphenous
  • obturator nerve
    • anterior division
    • posterior division
  • posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh
  • superior gluteal nerve
  • inferior gluteal nerve
  • pudendal nerve
  • sciatic
    • tibial
      • medial sural cutaneous
      • medial plantar
      • lateral plantar
    • common peroneal
      • lateral sural cutaneous
      • superficial peroneal
      • deep peroneal
    • sural cutaneous

Arteries

  • Femoral
    • profunda femoris
      • medial femoral circumflex
      • lateral femoral circumflex
      • perforating branches
      • supreme genicular
    • Popliteal
      • anterior tibial
        • dorsalis pedis
      • posterior tibial
        • peroneal
        • medial plantar
        • lateral plantar
          • plantar arch
      • Superior gluteal
      • Inferior gluteal

      Veins

      • Great saphenous
      • Small saphenous
      • femoral
      • superior and inferior gluteal

      Miscellaneous Items

      • femoral ring
      • lacunar ligament
      • inguinal ligament
      • femoral triangle
      • adductor canal

      Radiographs

        Hip
      • acetabulum
        • acetabular lip
      • head of femur
        • fovea
      • neck of femur
      • greater trochanter
      • lesser trochanter
        Ankle and Foot
      • distal end of tibia
      • distal end of fibula
      • talus
      • calcaneum
      • cuboid
      • navicular
      • cuneiforms
      • metatarsals
      • phalanges
        Knee
      • femoral condyles
      • medial & lateral condyles
      • tibial condyles
      • intercondylar eminence
      • head of fibula
      • neck of fibula
      • patella


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Lower Limb Bones |  Medial Thigh |  Gluteal Region |  Posterior Thigh |  Anterior Leg and Dorsal Foot |  Lateral Leg |  Posterior Leg |  Sole of the Foot |  Ankle |  Joints of the Lower Limb |  Radiographs of the Lower Limb |  Summary of Items in the Lower Limb | Table of Muscles | 





cadaver This is copyrighted©1999 by Wesley Norman, PhD