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Exhibitions: Replica of the Statue of Liberty




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Unknown Artist and Maker (American, Akron, Ohio). Replica of the Statue of Liberty, circa 1900. Galvanized sheet steel over iron frame. Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Athena-Liberty Lofts, L.P., The Athena Group, and Brickman Associates, in honor of the Fire Department of New York, New York Police Department, Emergency Medical Services, and the New York State Court Officers and their heroism on September 11, 2001


Long-Term Installation
Steinberg Family Sculpture Garden, 1st Floor

The Brooklyn Museum has completed conservation work on its "little" Lady Liberty, a thirty-foot replica of the Bedloe's Island Statue of Liberty. The historic statue, which once adorned the Liberty Warehouse in Manhattan, is part of the Museum's permanent collection of New York City architectural pieces.

Perhaps no American symbol is more widely recognized or powerfully expressive than "Liberty Enlightening the World"—the Statue of Liberty. Since 1885, when the 151-foot original created by the French sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834–1904) was erected on Bedloe's Island, the colossal figure has inspired numerous smaller-scale replicas intended to echo the ideals of freedom, tolerance, and opportunity that it embodied for waves of immigrants arriving at Ellis Island. This thirty-foot replica was commissioned about 1900 by the Russian-born auctioneer William H. Flattau to sit atop his eight-story Liberty Warehouse (at 43 West 64th Street), then one of the highest points on Manhattan's Upper West Side. Flattau thus combined his entrepreneurial spirit with pride in the adopted country in which he had prospered.

Although squatter in proportion and less gracefully detailed than the massive original, Flattau's replica retained something of the forceful gravity of expression achieved by Bartholdi. Until 1912, visitors could ascend an interior staircase to enjoy a view of Columbus Circle from an opening in the statue's head. This "little" Lady Liberty takes its place among the distinguished collection of outdoor sculpture and architectural fragments that the Brooklyn Museum began about 1960 in an effort to preserve unique New York City treasures that were increasingly at risk. Conservation of this work began spring 2006 and includes refurbishing the interior structure and refinishing the surface to remedy the effects of more than a century's exposure to the elements.

The installation of the Museum's Statue of Liberty replica and the associated conservation project were made possible by the generosity of The Joseph S. and Diane H. Steinberg Charitable Trust. Additional support was given by the New York State Assembly and its Brooklyn Delegation, and John and Diana Herzog.

Other Statue of Liberty Replicas

Year: 1884
Material: Bronze
Height: 36 feet
Location: Ile des Cygnes in Paris, France
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1887 (destroyed in WWII)
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Bordeaux, France
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1887 (disappeared in 1945)
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Hanoi, Vietnam
Commissioned by: Gaget & Gauthier
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1889 (destroyed in WWII)
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Lunel, France
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1889 (destroyed in WWII)
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Saint-Affrique, France
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1900
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris, France
Cast for: Auguste Bartholdi
Cast by: Thiébaut Frères foundry

Year: 1903
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Poitiers, France
Cast by: Société Anonyme des Hautes Fourneaux et Fonderies du Val d'Osne

Year: c. 1903
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer, France
Cast by: Unknown, either Société Antoine Durenne foundry or Société Anonyme des Hautes Fourneaux et Fonderies du Val d'Osne

Year: 1906
Material: Iron
Height: not listed
Location: Roybon, France
Cast by: Société Antoine Durenne foundry

Year: c. 1906
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cast by: Société Anonyme des Hautes Fourneaux et Fonderies du Val d'Osne

Year: 1915
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Saint-Etienne, France
Cast by: Unknown, either Société Antoine Durenne foundry or Société Anonyme des Hautes Fourneaux et Fonderies du Val d'Osne

Year: 1918 (destroyed during China's Cultural Revolution); rebuilt 1981
Material: Limestone
Height: 11 feet (original was 5 feet)
Location: Guangzhou, China

Year: 1920
Material: not listed
Height: 7 feet
Location: Paragould, Arkansas

Year: 1922
Material: Grey stone
Height: 30 feet
Location: Top of the Lowe and Carr Building in Leicester, England
Carved for: Liberty Shoe Company

Year: 1926 (destroyed in WWII)
Material: Bronze
Height: 9 feet
Location: Izon, France
Commissioned by: Monsieur Rey-Jeanton
Cast by: Toussaint of Bordeaux

Year: 1926
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Cambrin, France
Cast by: Unknown, either Société Antoine Durenne foundry or Société Anonyme des Hautes Fourneaux et Fonderies du Val d'Osne

Year: 1945
Material: Cement, plaster, and wood
Height: 55 feet
Location: Times Square in New York City, New York
Commissioned by: Motion Picture War Activities Committee (during WWII)

Years: 1949–1983
Material: Copper
Height: 8 feet
Number sold: 206
Sold for: $300 each
Location: Public parks throughout the United States
Manufactured by: Friedley, Voshardt Company of Kansas City, Missouri

Year: 1956
Material: Iron
Height: 9 feet
Location: Semoutiers, France
Cast by: Société Antoine Durenne foundry

Year: 1958
Material: Bronze
Height: 36 feet
Location: Top of the Liberty National Life Insurance Co. in Birmingham, Alabama
Cast by: Société Antoine Durenne foundry

Years: 1965–66
Material: Polyester
Height: 44 feet
Location: Italy; now Barentin, France
Manufactured for: The French motion picture Le Cerveau, then installed permanently in Barentin in 1973.

Year: 1967
Material: not listed
Height: 6 feet
Location: Liberty Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand

Year: not listed
Material: Copper
Height: 30 feet
Number: Two
Location: Top of the Liberty National Bank in Buffalo, New York
Sculpted by: Leo Lentelli

Source: Barry Moreno, Statue of Liberty Encyclopedia (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000).

Related Links

National Park Service Historical Handbook: The Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty for Educators (PBS)

New York Architecture Images: The Statue of Liberty

Great Buildings Online: The Statue of Liberty—Frédéric Bartholdi

National Park Service: Statue of Liberty—History