Official State List of the Birds of Florida

Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee 

This is a list of modern bird species definitely having occurred in Florida by natural appearance or by establishment of an exotic. The base list shall be the Supplement: Checklist of Florida Birds, pp. 255-260 in Robertson & Woolfenden (1992), as updated by final decisions of the Florida Ornithological Society’s Records Committee. The following list of 498 species is updated through 12 February 2007 . Established exotics (e); extinct native species (x) and disestablished exotics (d); and species listed without verifiable evidence (u) shall be so annotated. Sibling species groups may be included without reference to a particular underlying species but shall not be counted in any total of species found in Florida unless none of the underlying species are on the state list.  Species in the list below annotated with an * should be documented when detected in Florida and submitted to the FOSRC for review. For the two species in Empidonax indicated by **, please submit to the FOSRC only those reports that document vocalizations on tape or video with evidence from specimens / hand measured birds. In addition, documentation should be submitted to the FOSRC for any species detected in Florida , believed to have occurred naturally or to have escaped, but not appearing in the main list of the aforementioned publication. Click here for spread sheet version. Click here for a printable field checklist.


Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling-Duck
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose
Chen caerulescens Snow Goose
Chen rossii Ross's Goose
Branta bernicla Brant
Branta Hutchinsii Cackling Goose *
Branta canadensis Canada Goose
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan
Cairina moschata Muscovy Duck (e)
Aix sponsa Wood Duck
Anas strepera Gadwall
Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon
Anas americana American Wigeon
Anas rubripes American Black Duck
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Anas fulvigula Mottled Duck
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal
Anas cyanoptera Cinnamon Teal
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas bahamensis White-cheeked Pintail *
Anas acuta Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck
Aythya marila Greater Scaup
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
Somateria spectabilis King Eider *
Somateria mollissima Common Eider
Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck
Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter
Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter
Melanitta nigra Black Scoter
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck 
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Mergus merganser Common Merganser *
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Nomonyx dominicus Masked Duck *
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon
Gavia pacifica Pacific Loon
Gavia immer Common Loon
Tachybaptus dominicus Least Grebe *
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe *
Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe
Aechmophorus occidentalis Western Grebe *
Thalassarche chlororhynchos Yellow-nosed Albatross *
Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar *
Pterodroma hasitata Black-capped Petrel
Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater
Puffinus gravis Greater Shearwater
Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater
Puffinus tenuirostris Short-tailed Shearwater *
Puffinus puffinus Manx Shearwater *
Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater
Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach's Storm-Petrel
Oceanodroma castro Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird
Phaethon aethereus  Red-billed Tropicbird *
Sula dactylatra Masked Booby
Sula leucogaster Brown Booby
Sula sula Red-footed Booby
Morus bassanus Northern Gannet
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo  Great Cormorant
Anhinga anhinga Anhinga
Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern
Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea alba Great Egret
Egretta thula Snowy Egret
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Butorides virescens  Green Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Eudocimus albus White Ibis
Eudocimus ruber Scarlet Ibis *
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis
Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis
Ajaia ajaja Roseate Spoonbill
Mycteria americana Wood Stork
Coragyps atratus Black Vulture
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture
Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus White-tailed Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis Snail Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk *
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo brachyurus Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo swainsoni Swainson's Hawk
Buteo albonotatus Zone-tailed hawk *
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo regalis Ferruginous Hawk *
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk *
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara
Falco tinnunculus Eurasian Kestrel *
Falco sparverius American Kestrel
Falco columbarius Merlin
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail
Laterallus jamaicensis Black Rail
Rallus longirostris Clapper Rail
Rallus elegans King Rail
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail
Porzana carolina Sora
Porphyrula martinica Purple Gallinule
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen
Fulica americana American Coot
Aramus guarauna Limpkin
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane
Grus americana Whooping Crane (x)
Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing *
Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover
Pluvialis dominica American Golden-Plover
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand-Plover *
Charadrius alexandrinus Snowy Plover
Charadrius wilsonia Wilson's Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer
Charadrius montanus Mountain Plover *
Haematopus palliatus American Oystercatcher
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt
Recurvirostra americana American Avocet
Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa semipalmata Willet
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit *
Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit *
Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone
Aphriza virgata Surfbird *
Calidris canutus Red Knot
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper *
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper
Calidris alpina Dunlin
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Philomachus pugnax Ruff
Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher
Gallinago delicata Wilson's Snipe
Scolopax minor American Woodcock
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicaria Red Phalarope
Larus atricilla Laughing Gull
Larus pipixcan Franklin's Gull
Larus minutus Little Gull *
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull *
Larus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull
Larus heermanni Heermann's Gull *
Larus cirrocephalus Gray-hooded Gull *
Larus belcheri Belcher's Gull *
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Larus californicus California Gull *
Larus argentatus Herring Gull
Larus thayeri Thayer's Gull *
Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull *
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull *
Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull
Larus marinus Great Black-backed Gull
Xema sabini Sabine's Gull
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake
Anous stolidus Brown Noddy
Anous minutus Black Noddy
Onychoprion fuscatus Sooty Tern
Onychoprion anaethetus Bridled Tern
Sternula antillarum Least Tern
Geochelidon nilotica Gull-billed Tern
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern
Thalasseus maxima Royal Tern
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern
Thalasseus elegans Elegant Tern *
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer
Stercorarius maccormicki South Polar Skua *
Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger
Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger
Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger
Alle alle Dovekie
Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre *
Alca torda Razorbill *
Brachyramphus perdix Long-billed Murrelet *
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin *
Columba livia Rock Pigeon (e)
Columba squamosa Scaly-naped Pigeon *
Columba leucocephala White-crowned Pigeon
Columba fasciata Band-tailed Pigeon *
Streptopelia turtur European Turtle-Dove *
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove (e)
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove
Zenaida aurita Zenaida Dove *
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove
Ectopistes migratorius Passenger Pigeon (x)
Columbina passerina Common Ground-Dove
Leptotila verreauxi White-tipped Dove *
Geotrygon chrysia Key West Quail-Dove
Geotrygon montana Ruddy Quail-Dove *
Melopsittacus undulatus Budgerigar (e)
Myiopsitta monachus Monk Parakeet (e)
Conuropsis carolinensis Carolina Parakeet (x)
Nandayus nenday Black-hooded Parakeet (e)
Brotogeris versicolurus White-winged Parakeet (e)
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Coccyzus minor Mangrove Cuckoo
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo
Crotophaga ani Smooth-billed Ani
Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani
Tyto alba Barn Owl
Otus flammeolus Flammulated Owl *
Megascops asio Eastern Screech-Owl
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl
Bubo scandiaca Snowy Owl *
Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl
Strix varia Barred Owl
Asio otus Long-eared Owl *
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl
Aegolius acadicus Northern Saw-whet Owl *
Chordeiles acutipennis Lesser Nighthawk
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
Chordeiles gundlachii Antillean Nighthawk
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-will's-widow
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will
Streptoprocne zonaris White-collared Swift *
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Chaetura vauxi Vaux's Swift *
Tachornis phoenicobia Antillean Palm-Swift *
Cynanthus latirostris Broad-billed Hummingbird *
Amazilia yucatanensis Buff-bellied Hummingbird
Calliphlox evelynae Bahama Woodstar *
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird
Calypte anna Anna's Hummingbird *
Stellula calliope Calliope Hummingbird
Selasphorus platycercus Broad-tailed Hummingbird *
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird
Selasphorus sasin Allen's Hummingbird *
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker
Melanerpes aurifrons Golden-fronted Woodpecker *
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker
Picoides borealis Red-cockaded Woodpecker
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker
Campephilus principalis Ivory-billed Woodpecker (x)
Contopus cooperi  Olive-sided Flycatcher
Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee *
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee
Contopus caribaeus Cuban Pewee *
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher **
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher **
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Empidonax hammondii Hammond's Flycatcher *
Sayornis nigricans Black Phoebe *
Sayornis phoebe  Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis saya Say's Phoebe *
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher
Myiarchus cinerascens Ash-throated Flycatcher
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher
Myiarchus tyrannulus Brown-crested Flycatcher
Myiarchus sagrae La Sagra's Flycatcher
Myiodynastes luteiventris Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher *
Legatus leucophaius Piratic Flycatcher *
Tyrannus melancholicus  Tropical Kingbird *
Tyrannus vociferans Cassin's Kingbird *
Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus dominicensis Gray Kingbird
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Tyrannus savana  Fork-tailed Flycatcher 
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo
Vireo crassirostris Thick-billed Vireo *
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Vireo flavoviridis Yellow-green Vireo *
Vireo altiloquus Black-whiskered Vireo
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay
Aphelocoma coerulescens Florida Scrub-Jay
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark
Progne subis Purple Martin
Progne cryptoleuca Cuban Martin *
Progne elegans Southern Martin *
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Tachycineta albilinea Mangrove Swallow *
Tachycineta cyaneoviridis Bahama Swallow *
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee
Baeolophus bicolor Tufted Titmouse
Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta carolinensis White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta pusilla Brown-headed Nuthatch
Certhia americana Brown Creeper
Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren *
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick's Wren *
Troglodytes aedon House Wren
Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren
Pycnonotus jocosus Red-whiskered Bulbul (e)
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear *
Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird
Sialia currucoides Mountain Bluebird *
Catharus fuscescens Veery
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus bicknelli Bicknell's Thrush
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush
Turdus migratorius American Robin
Ixoreus naevius Varied Thrush *
Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird
Mimus gundlachii Bahama Mockingbird
Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher *
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher
Toxostoma curvirostre Curve-billed Thrasher *
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling (e)
Anthus rubescens American Pipit
Anthus spragueii Sprague's Pipit
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Vermivora bachmanii Bachman's Warbler (x)
Vermivora pinus Blue-winged Warbler
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler
Vermivora peregrina Tennessee Warbler
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler
Vermivora ruficapilla Nashville Warbler
Parula americana Northern Parula
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler
Dendroica pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler
Dendroica tigrina Cape May Warbler
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler ("Audubon's" Warbler* D. c. auduboni)
Dendroica nigrescens Black-throated Gray Warbler
Dendroica chrysoparia Golden-cheeked Warbler *
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Dendroica townsendi Townsend's Warbler
Dendroica fusca Blackburnian Warbler
Dendroica dominica Yellow-throated Warbler
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler
Dendroica kirtlandii Kirtland's Warbler *
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler
Dendroica castanea Bay-breasted Warbler
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler
Helmitheros vermivorus Worm-eating Warbler
Limnothlypis swainsonii Swainson's Warbler
Seiurus aurocapillus Ovenbird
Seiurus noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler
Oporornis tolmiei MacGillivray's Warbler *
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Wilsonia citrina Hooded Warbler
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler
Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat
Coereba flaveola Bananaquit
Piranga rubra Summer Tanager
Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager
Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager
Spindalis zena Western Spindalis
Tiaris olivaceus Yellow-faced Grassquit *
Tiaris bicolor Black-faced Grassquit *
Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee *
Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee *
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee
Aimophila aestivalis Bachman's Sparrow
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow *
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow
Amphispiza bilineata Black-throated Sparrow *
Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting *
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's Sparrow
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte's Sparrow
Ammodramus nelsoni Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Ammodramus caudacutus Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Ammodramus maritimus Seaside Sparrow
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula Harris's Sparrow *
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia atricapilla Golden-crowned Sparrow *
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur
Calcarius ornatus Chestnut-collared Longspur *
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed Grosbeak
Guiraca caerulea Blue Grosbeak
Passerina amoena Lazuli Bunting *
Passerina versicolor Varied Bunting *
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting
Spiza americana Dickcissel
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius humeralis Tawny-shouldered Blackbird *
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark *
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Quiscalus major Boat-tailed Grackle
Molothrus bonariensis Shiny Cowbird
Molothrus aeneus Bronzed Cowbird
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole
Icterus cucullatus Hooded Oriole *
Icterus bullockii Bullock's Oriole *
Icterus pectoralis Spot-breasted Oriole (e)
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch (e)
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill *
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak
Passer domesticus House Sparrow (e)

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