Family: Jacks and pompanos; Caught with bottom and pelagic trawls. Adults pelagic or epibenthic (Ref. 7097) mostly in shallow waters. Feeds mainly on schooling fishes (Ref. 4233).
Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body generally compressed, although body shape extremely variable from very deep to fusiform. Most species with only small cycloid scales. Scales along lateral line often modified into spiny scutes. Detached finlets, as many as nine, sometimes found behind dorsal and anal fins. Large juveniles and adults with 2 dorsal fins. Anterior dorsal fin with 3-9 spines; the second having 1 spine and usually 18-37 soft rays. Anal spines usually 3, the first 2 separate from the rest; soft rays usually 15-31. Widely forked caudal fin. Caudal peduncle slender. Pelvic fins lacking in Parona signata. Vertebrae 24-27 (modally 24). Fast swimming predators of the waters above the reef and in the open sea. Some root in sand for invertebrates and fishes. One of the most important families of tropical marine fishes; fished commercially and for recreation.
The family Carangidae belongs to the Class Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) and the Order Perciformes. It contains 33 genera and 140 species. It may be found in Marine and Brackish environments and is primarily Marine. Members of this family are not used in the aquarium trade. Reproductively, most members of this family are nonguarders. The main mode of swimming of adult fish in this family is carangiform. Compared with other fish, the activity level of this family tends to be active. Members of this family have been dated back to the lower Eocene epoch of the Tertiary period. Etymology of this family name: French, carangue = name of fish given in Caribe.1836
Name Status: Accepted Name. Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Group expert : Smith-Vaniz W.F., Data last modified by FishBase 04-Jun-1994
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Senegal including Madeira and the Canary Islands. Also western Mediterranean Sea.
May be found at depths of 15 to 30 meters.
There are approximately 1 species in this genus.: C. glaycos (Big-Toothed Pompano)
There are approximately 158 species in this genus. Here are just 100 of them: A. achilles (Achilles Tang) · A. aculeatus · A. affinis · A. albipectoralis (Whitefin Surgeonfish) · A. albopunctata · A. annularis · A. annulatus · A. atrementatus · A. atrimentatus · A. auranticarus · A. auranticavus (Orange-Socket Surgeonfish) · A. auranticus · A. aurolineatus · A. bahianus (Animals) · A. bahiauns · A. bahienus · A. barbatus · A. barbonicus · A. bariene (Bariene Surgeonfish) · A. nigrofuscus · A. bleckeri · A. blochi (Ringtail Surgeonfish) · A. blochii (Blue-Banded Pualu) · A. boyeri · A. brevirostris · A. canaliculatus · A. cancatinata · A. ceruleus · A. chirugus · A. chirurgos · A. chirurgus (Black Doctorfish) · A. chronixis (Chronixis Surgeonfish) · A. chysosoma · A. coelureus · A. coeruleus (Animals) · Ctenochaetus truncatus · A. desjardini · A. divaceus · A. doreensis · A. dussemieri · A. dussumieri (Dussumier's Surgeonfish) · A. elegans · A. nigroris · A. fasciatus · A. nigrofuscus · A. fowleri (Fowler's Surgeon) · A. fowleriinde (Fowler's Surgeon) · A. nigrofuscus (Ringtailed Surgeonfish) · A. gahhm (Black Surgeonfish) · A. gahm nigricauda · A. gahni · A. garretti · A. gladius · A. glaucopareiu · A. glaucopareus · A. glaucoporeus · A. grammophilus · A. grammoptilus (Finelined Surgeonfish) · A. guentheri · A. guttatus (Mustard Surgeonfish) · A. helioides · A. hepathus · A. hepsetus · A. hexacanthus · A. hexatus · A. hypselopterus · A. incipiens · A. japanicus · A. japonicus (Japan Surgeonfish) · A. larva · A. lepatus · A. pyroferus · A. leucocheilus (Pale Lipped Surgeonfish) · A. leucopareius (Head-Band Surgeonfish) · A. leucostemon · A. leucosternon (Powder Blue Tang) · A. leucosterum · A. lineatus (Blue Banded Surgeonfish) · A. lineolata · A. nigrofuscus · A. lishenus · A. longicornis · A. longirostris · A. maculiceps (Earbar Surgeonfish) · A. mata (Bleeker's Surgeonfish) · A. matahopterus · A. melanopterus · A. melanosternon · A. melanurus · A. mindorensis · A. monroviae (Monrovia Doctorfish) · A. nanthopteries · A. nibropunctatus · A. nigraris · A. nigricanda · A. nigricans (Black Surgeonfish) · A. nigricauda (Black-Barred Surgeonfish) · A. nigrifuscus · A. nigrofasciatus · A. nigrofascus
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 18, 2007:
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