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Plebiscite results

Military Service

These proposals were, on the first occasion, for 'compulsory powers over citizens in regard to requiring their military service . . . outside the Commonwealth', and, on the second occasion, to conscript men for overseas service in sufficient numbers to make the total reinforcements (including volunteers) up to 7000 a month. Both were rejected.

28 October 1916

Submission to the electors of the question prescribed by section 5 of the

Military Service Referendum Act 1916

State

Number
on rolls

Number
to whom ballot
papers
were
issued

For

Per cent
For

Against

Per cent
Against

Informal

New South Wales

1 055 986

858 399

356 805

42.92

474 544

57.08

27 050

Victoria

824 972

696 684

353 930

51.88

328 216

48.12

14 538

Queensland

366 042

309 921

144 200

47.71

158 051

52.29

7 670

South Australia

262 781

211 252

87 924

42.44

119 236

57.56

4 092

Western Australia

167 602

140 648

94 069

69.71

40 884

30.29

5 695

Tasmania

107 875

88 231

48 493

56.17

37 833

43.83

1 905

Federal Territories

4 572

3 468

2 136

62.73

1 269

37.27

63

Total for Commonwealth

2 789 830

2 308 603*

1 087 557

48.39

1 160 033

51.61

61 013

*Including 133 813 votes by members of the Australian Imperial Forces, of which 72 399 were for, 58 894 against, and 2520 informal.

Obtained majority in three States and an overall minority of 72 476 votes.

Not carried

20 December 1917

Submission to the electors of the question prescribed by regulation 6 of the

War Precautions (Military Service Referendum) Regulations 1917

State

Number
on rolls

Number
to whom ballot
papers
were
issued

For

Per cent
For

Against

Per cent
Against

Informal

New South Wales

1 055 883

853 894

341 256

41.16

487 774

58.84

24 864

Victoria

807 331

678 806

329 772

49.79

332 490

50.21

16 544

Queensland

378 378

310 164

132 771

44.02

168 875

55.98

8 518

South Australia

261 661

197 970

86 663

44.90

106 364

55.10

4 943

Western Australia

162 347

135 593

84 116

64.39

46 522

35.61

4 955

Tasmania

106 803

78 792

38 881

50.24

38 502

49.76

1 409

Federal Territories

4 037

3 002

1 700

58.22

1 220

41.78

82

Total for Commonwealth

2 776 440

2 258 221*

1 015 159

46.21

1 181 747

53.79

61 315

* Including 199 677 votes by members of the Australian Imperial Forces, of which 103 789 were for, 93 910 against, and 1978 informal.

Obtained majority in two States and an overall minority of 166 588 votes.

Not carried

 

National Song Poll

The National Song Poll was held in 1977 by the Fraser Government to determine which song was preferred as Australia's national anthem. Until 1974 God save the Queen/King was used as Australia's national anthem. The Whitlam Government, following the result of a public opinion poll conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, changed the anthem to Advance Australia Fair, except on specifically royal occasions. In January 1976, the Fraser Government reinstated the use of God save the Queen for royal, vice-regal, defence, and loyal toast occasions. Advance Australia Fair was played on all other official occasions. On 19 April 1984, the Governor-General Sir Ninian Stephen issued a proclamation declaring that God save the Queen was to be the royal anthem, to be used in the presence of the Queen or members of the Royal Family. Advance Australia Fair was declared to be the national anthem, and non-sexist words were adopted.

21 May 1977

National Song Poll 1977

State

Number
on rolls

Number to whom
ballot papers
were issued

God save the Queen

Advance Australia Fair

Number

Per cent

Number

Per cent

NSW

3 007 511

2 537 805

348 885

15.32

1 169 421

51.35

VIC

2 252 831

1 951 160

352 603

20.68

683 451

40.09

QLD

1 241 426

1 056 804

204 453

21.38

438 929

45.90

SA

799 243

706 392

114 477

18.07

152 507

24.07

WA

682 291

235 525

113 054

23.17

183 159

37.54

TAS

259 081

253 525

47 346

22.38

88 825

41.98

ACT

120 875

22 136

1 448

6.65

7 857

36.11

NT

38 209

2 951

423

14.93

1 143

40.35

Total

8 401 467

7 069 046

1 182 689

18.78

2 725 292

43.29

 

State

Song of Australia

Waltzing Matilda

Informal

Number

Per cent

Number

Per cent

NSW

121 456

5.33

637 795

28.00

260 248

VIC

110 591

6.49

557 991

32.73

246 524

QLD

61 234

6.40

251 609

26.31

100 579

SA

215 085

33.95

151 434

23.90

72 889

WA

75 524

15.48

116 142

23.81

68 394

TAS

21 091

9.97

54 329

25.68

23 934

ACT

1 863

8.56

10 593

48.68

375

NT

413

14.58

854

30.14

118

Total

607 257

9.65

1 780 747

28.28

773 061

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