The City of Hiroshima
          Statistical Profile

City tree: Camphor tree
City flower: Oleander
Sister/friendship cities:
  Honolulu (United States of America)
  Volgograd (Russian Federation)
  Hanover (Federal Republic of Germany)
  Chongqing (People's Republic of China)
  Daegu (Republic of Korea)
  Montreal (Canada)
  Nagasaki (Japan)
Location
  Eastern extreme:Longitude 132゚41'39" east
                 (Ibara, Shiraki-cho, Asakita Ward)
  Western extreme:Longitude 132゚10'43" east
                 (Yuki-cho, Saeki Ward)
  Southern extreme:Latitude 34゚17'49" north
                 (Ninoshima-cho, Minami Ward)
  Northern extreme:Latitude 34゚36'54" north
                 (Suzuhari, Asa-cho, Asakita Ward)
  City Hall: Longitude 132゚27'19" east
             Latitude 34゚23'07" north
             (6-34 Kokutaiji-machi 1-chome, Naka Ward)

1  Area (km2)
    City area (Oct.1, 2006)     905.08
      Naka Ward         15.34
      Higashi Ward      39.38
      Minami Ward       26.09
      Nishi Ward        35.67
      Asaminami Ward   117.19
      Asakita Ward     353.35
      Aki Ward          94.01
      Saeki Ward       224.05
    City planning jurisdiction(March 31, 2006)  429.75
      Urbanization Promotion Area               157.77
      Urbanization Control Area                 241.29

2  Climate (2005)
    Temperature
      Average  16.1 ℃
      Highest  35.8 ℃ (Jul.25)   Lowest   -4.0 ℃ (Feb.1)
    Precipitation
      Annual total    1,322.5mm
      Daily maximum      34.0mm/hour (Jul.1)
    Weather
      Clear 27days       Cloudy 34days       Rainy 81days

3  Population
    Population changes
      Hiroshima's municipalization      (1889)           83,387
      Maximum prewar population         (1942)          419,182
      Minimum postwar population        (1945)          137,197
      Population surpasses 1 million    (1985)       1,024,072
      Population by census              (2005)        1,154,391
                                        (Households 487,416)
      Population count based on Basic Resident Registers
        and Foreign Resident Registers  (Sep.30,2007)   1,164,550
        Males   564,798  Females 599,752  Households      512,536
    Daytime population (Oct.1, 2005)  1,174,401
      In-comings  93,043
         (to work: 78,884, to school: 14,159)
      Out-goings  63,970
         (to work: 57,976, to school:  5,994)
      Ratio of daytime population to resident population   102.6%                                                                         
    Population and household count, by ward(Sep.30,2007)
                     Population/Households
        Naka Ward       125,469/68,538
        Higashi  Ward   121,807/52,709
        Minami Ward     138,124/65,841
        Nishi Ward      185,278/85,956
        Asaminami Ward  222,872/90,659
        Asakita Ward    155,799/62,011
        Aki Ward         79,100/32,393
        Saeki Ward      136,101/54,429
    Population count, by age group(Sep.30,2007)
        (based on Basic Resident Registers)
        0 - 14 years old            169,984
        15 - 64 years old           771,341
        65+ years old               206,705
        Total                     1,148,030
    Average age(Sep.30,2007) 42.01 years old
        Male  40.63 years old       Female  43.31 years old
    Average life span(2000)
       Male  77.96 years old   Female   85.20 years old
    Vital statistics (2005)
      Live births      10,919 (30 per day)
      Deaths            8,150 (22 per day)
      Marriages         7,159 (20 per day)
      Divorces          2,563 ( 7 per day)
    Population flow
     (2005, excluding intracity migration)
      To the city    43,279     From the city  42,915

4  Economy
    Business establishments (Oct.1, 2006,Prompt Report)
        Number                  55,197
        Number of employees    575,844                     
    Commerce (Jun.1, 2004)
      Wholesale trade
        Number                   5,151
        Number of employees     56,616
        Annual sales    6.66 trillion yen
      Retail trade
        Number                   9,909
        Number of employees     73,933
        Annual sales    1.37 trillion yen
    Manufacturing (Dec.31, 2006,Prompt Report)
      Establishments with 4 or more employees      1,476
      Number of employees                         52,100
      Value of manufactured goods shipments 2.21 trillion yen                                                         
    Agriculture (Feb.1, 2005)
      Farm households   7,295
        Full-time:        748
          (Commercial farm households)
      Farm household population            23,846
      Area of cultivated land in operation  2,067 ha
    Fishery (2005)
      Fishery establishments                    411
      Fishing boats                             542
    Employed persons, by industry (Oct.1, 2005)
      Primary industry
        Agriculture                      	   6,595
        Forestry                           	     148
        Fishery                                      443
        Subtotal                         	   7,186
      Secondary industry
        Mining                                        42
        Construction                              55,096
        Manufacturing              	          68,925
        Subtotal                       	         124,063
      Tertiary industry
        Electricity, gas, heat supply and water    4,075
        Information and communications            14,986
        Transport                                 29,579
        Wholesale and retail trade      	 121,617
        Finance and insurance           	  15,668
        Real estate                      	  10,048
        Eating and drinking places,accommodations 29,767
        Medical, health care and welfare          52,463
        Education, learning support               27,038
        Compound services               	   4,971
        Services                       	          87,572
        Government                 	          22,344
        Subtotal                       	         420,128
      Unclassifiable industries                   12,324
      Total                            	         563,701
    Central wholesale market (2005, in billions of yen)
      Vegetables                 30.1
      Fruits                     16.8
      Marine products            38.3
      Flowers                     7.2
      Meat                        5.6
      Total transaction value    98.0
    Foreign trade at Hiroshima Port (2005, in billions of yen)
      Total value of imports    186.7
      Total value of exports    609.6
    Finance (Dec.31, 2005)
      Deposits                         5.03 trillion yen
      Outstanding loans and discounts  4.18 trillion yen                                 
      Clearance of bills (2005)        5.72 trillion yen                             
    Economic indexes (2003 F.Y.)
      Nominal growth rate         1.1 %
      Real growth rate            2.6 %
      Gross domestic product in Hiroshima City  4.69 trillion yen                             
      Annual civic income                       3.44 trillion yen
      Annual income per capita   3.02 million yen                      

5  Public Works,Housing 
    Roads (April 1, 2006)
      Total length      4,255 km
      Total area         29.6 km2
      Percentage of paved roads by length     93.7 %
    Bridges (April 1, 2006)
      Number           2,901
      Total length    54,125 m
    Rivers (Mar 31, 2006)
      Number              716
      Total length      899.1 km
    Parks (Mar.31, 2006)
      Number           1,100
      Total area      926.63 ha
      Area per capita   8.03 m2
    Housing (Oct.1, 2003)
      Total number of houses         537,520
      Percentage of owned houses      49.9 %
      Percentage of vacant houses     13.5 %
    Water supply and sewerage (Mar.31, 2006)
      Diffusion rate of water supply (population)  97.4%
      Daily water supply per capita                341 liters
      Diffusion rate of sewerage (population)     92.4%

6  Transportation
    Number of passengers per day (2005 F.Y.)
      Buses (11 major companies)                177,000
      Astramline (New transit system)            49,000
      Streetcars                                107,000
      Taxis and hired cars                       95,000
      Streetcars (Miyajima Line)                 37,000
      Hiroshima Airport (2005)                    7,836
      Hiroshima-Nishi Airport                       181
      JR trains                                 189,000
          Hiroshima Station                      70,000
          Yokogawa Station                       16,000
      Hiroshima Port (2005)                       8,203
    Registered motor vehicles (Mar.31, 2006)
      Passenger cars                            372,000
      Motorcycles                                12,000
      Compact cars                              186,000
      Trucks                                     56,000
      Other                                      15,000
      Total                                     641,000
    Number of motor bikes or mopeds (Apr.1, 2006) 131,000
     
7  Education and Culture
    Designated cultural properties  (Aug.31, 2006)
     National (including 1 National Treasure)   24
     Prefectural                                38
     Municipal                                  93
    Libraries (Mar.31, 2006)
      Municipal     13
        Stock of books    1,950,000
      Prefectural    2
        Stock of books      670,000
    Schools (May 1, 2006)
                      Number / Students enrolled
      Colleges and universities        13 / 27,911
      Junior colleges                   5 /  2,705
      Senior high schools              48 / 37,274
      Junior high schools              76 / 34,419
      Elementary schools              145 / 69,202
      Kindergartens                   118 / 17,902
      Special training schools         41 / 10,266
      Miscellaneous schools            19 /  2,184
      Schools for disabled children     5 /    686
    Number of tourists (2005)           10,130,000
      (including from abroad)              230,000
    Number of visitors to major sightseeing spots (2005 F.Y.)
      Hiroshima Castle                     130,000
      Peace Memorial Museum              1,190,000

8  Welfare, Health, and Sanitation
    Social welfare institutions (Oct.1, 2005)
      Institutions under the Dailylife Protection Law    1
      For children (including 153 day-care centers)    275
      For the aged                              62
      For the physically disabled               13
      For the mentally disabled                 31
    Households that received public livelihood aid 
          (2005 F.Y. monthly average)        11,855
    Total number of deceased A-bomb        
     Victims as stated in the register  247,787
     (Aug.6, 2006)
    Number of persons insured by    
     National Health Insurance          373,415
      (Mar.31, 2006)
    Number of persons insured by       
     National Pension (Mar.31, 2006)     304,812
    Number of pensioners (Mar.31, 2006)  167,997 
    Causes of deaths (2005)
      Cancer                            2,583
      Heart disease                     1,310
      Cerebrovascular disease             911
      Other                             3,346
      Total                             8,150
    Number of medical institutions (Oct.1, 2005)
      Hospitals               91 (Beds: 15,129)
      Clinics              1,160
      Dental clinics         657
    Refuse (2005 F.Y.)
      Refuse collected       414,819 tons
      Night soil collected    86,809 kl

9  Labor
    Placement service (2005 average)
      (in Hiroshima, Hiroshima-Higashi, Kabe  Public Employment Security Offices)
      Ratio of registered job openings  to registered job applications    1.23
              (excluding recent graduates and part-time workers)
      Recruitment rate                17.4 %
       (number of recruits to job openings x 100)
      Employment rate                 29.6 %
       (number of employees to job applications x 100)
    Cash earnings and working hours of regular workers (2006 average)
       (in Hiroshima Prefecture at businesses with 5 or more employees)
      Average monthly cash earnings          331,426 yen
      Monthly hours worked                     155.4 hours
       (including hours of overtime)            12.5 hours
    Wage index (2005=100) (2006 average)       101.0

10  Price Indexes and Household Economy
    Price indexes (2006 average)
      Wholesale price index         100.7
                            (+3.0 % from 2005)
        (national figure, 2000=100)
      Consumer price index          100.2
                            (+0.2 % from 2005)
        (2005=100)
    Family income and expenditure
      (2006 average per worker's household)
      Monthly income            537,317 yen
      Monthly expenditure       308,908 yen
    Family savings and debt (Nov.30, 2004)
      Savings                11.12 million yen
      Debt                    6.50 million yen

11  Safety 
    Penal code cases known to police (2005)
      Larceny                   12,830
      Moral offenses               159
      White-collar offenses      1,159
      Felonious offenses            87
      Violent offenses             890
      Other                      3,171
      Total                     18,296
    Traffic accidents (2005)
      (cases resulting in injury or death only)
      Number of cases            8,824
      Persons killed                52
      Persons wounded           10,827
    Fires (2005)
      Number of cases                   507
      Victims                           789
    Disaster prevention vehicles (March 31,2006)
      Fire engines                      127
      Ambulances                         33
      Fire boats                          3
      Ambulance runs (2005)          45,937

12  City Administration and Public Finance
    2007 F. Y. initial budget (in billions of yen, rounded figures)
      General accounts                  524.2
      Special accounts                  447.0
      Municipal corporation accounts    176.3
      Estate accounts                 0.00263
      Total                           1,147.6
      Breakdown of general accounts
        (in billions of yen)
        Revenues
          City taxes                   210.8
          Local allocation tax          43.0
          National disbursements        79.3
          City bonds                    40.8
          Miscellaneous                 61.7
          Other                         88.6
        Expenditures
          General affairs               46.1
          Welfare                      131.7
          Public health                 70.1
          Commerce and industry         19.0
          Civil engineering            100.1
          Education                     50.7
          Interest, bond maturation     67.1
          Other                         39.5
    City employees (Apr.1, 2006)
      Mayor's office and bureaus        6,401
      Fire services                     1,103
      City council secretariat             40
      Executive offices of admini-      1,417
       strative commissions
      Municipal corporations            2,333
      Total                            11,294
    City council members (May.2, 2007)     55
     (fixed number: 55)




13  A Brief History of Hiroshima
1889    Hiroshima is officially municipalized.
1945    The first atomic bomb in the world devastates Hiroshima.
1949    The Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law is enacted.
1955    Hesaka Village is annexed.
1956    Nakayama and Inokuchi Villages are annexed.
1959    The Hiroshima-Honolulu sister-city relationship is established.
1961    Hiroshima Airport (present name:Hiroshima-nishi airport) opens.
1971    Numata and Asa Towns are annexed.
        The imperial couple visit Hiroshima.
1972    Kabe and Gion Towns are annexed.
        The Hiroshima-Volgograd sister-city relationship is established.
1973    Yasufuruichi, Sato, Koyo, Senogawa,and Shiraki Towns are annexed.
1974    Kumanoato Village and Aki Town are annexed.
1975    Funakoshi and Yano Towns are annexed.
        Sanyo Shinkansen (bullet train) Line opens between Okayama and Hakata.
        The Hiroshima-Nagasaki sister-city relationship is established.
        The Hiroshima Toyo Carp, the professional baseball team of Hiroshima, 
        wins the first championship of the Central League.
1977    The 1st Hiroshima Flower Festival is held.
1980    Hiroshima City is named the 10th Government Ordinance Designated City.Seven Ward offices open
1981    Pope John Paul II visits Hiroshima.
1982    The Mayor of Hiroshima makes an appeal for the total abolition of nuclear weapons 
        at the 3rd Special Session of the U.N. General Assembly Devoted to Disarmament.
1983    The 17th Japan-American Conference of Mayors and Chamber of Commerce Presidents is held in Hiroshima.
        The Hiroshima-Hanover sister-city relationship is established.
1985    Itsukaichi Town is annexed.
        The '85 World Cup Marathon Hiroshima is held.
        The 1st World Conference of Mayors for Peace through Inter-city Solidarity is held in Hiroshima.
        The 1st International Animation Festival in Japan is held in Hiroshima.
1986    The Hiroshima-Chongqing friendship city relationship is established.
        The IAAF World Challenge Road Relay in Hiroshima is held.
1989    The Sea & Islands Expo, Hiroshima 1989 is held to commemorate the 100th Anniversary 
        of Hiroshima's municipallization and the 400th anniversary of Hiroshima Castle.
1993    Hiroshima Nishi Airport opens.
1994    Hiroshima City University opens.
        The 12th Asian Games Hiroshima 1994 is held.
1996    Inter-prefectural Men's Ekiden (road relay race) Hiroshima 1996 is held.
        The 51st National Sports Festival is held.
        The 32nd National Sports Games for the Disabled is held.
1997    The Hiroshima-Daegu sister-city relationship is established.
        The 14th National Urban Greenery Fair in Hiroshima (Green Festa Hiroshima 1997) is held.
1998    The Hiroshima-Montreal sister-city relationship is established.
1999    "August in Hiroshima '99" World Music Festival is held.
2000    The 15th National Culture Festival Hiroshima 2000 is held.
2001    Shareo,Underground Shopping Complex in Kamiya-cho, opens.    
        Hiroshima Expressway Route 4 (Hiroshima Seifu-Shinto Route) opens.
        The 14th National Health and Welfare Festival (Nenlympic Hiroshima 2000) is held.
2002    Hiroshima Sports Recreation  Festival 2002 is held.
2004    The 1st Japan-U.S.Cities Summit is held in Hiroshima.
2005    Yuki Town is annexed.


Edited and published by the Planning and Coordination Division,

Planning and General Affairs Bureau, The City of Hiroshima.

Official Home Page
http://www.city.hiroshima.jp