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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.
 

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
 
ENTRY:angh-
DEFINITION:Tight, painfully constricted, painful. Oldest form *anh-, becoming *angh- in centum languages.
Derivatives include anger, hangnail, and quinsy.
1. agnail, hangnail, from Old English ang-nægl, “painful spike (in the flesh),” corn, excrescence (nægl, spike; see nogh-), from Germanic *ang-, compressed, hard, painful. 2. Suffixed form *angh-os-. anger, from Old Norse angr, sorrow, grief, from Germanic *angaz. 3. Suffixed form *angh-os-ti-. angst1, from Old High German angust, anxiety, from Germanic *angusti-. 4. anxious, from Latin angere, to strangle, torment. 5. Suffixed form *angh-os-to-. anguish, from Latin angustus, narrow. 6. quinsy, from Greek ankhein, to squeeze, embrace. 7. angina, from Greek ankhon, a strangling. (Pokorny anh- 42.)
 
 
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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