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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
DEFINITION:Also ap-. Off, away.
Derivatives include off, ebb, awkward, puny, and compote.
1a. of, off, offal, from Old English of, æf, off; b. ebb, from Old English ebba, low tide; c. ablaut, from Old High German aba, off, away from; d. aft; abaft, from Old English æftan, behind, from Germanic *aftan-. a–d all from Germanic *af. 2. ab-1, from Latin ab, ab-, away from. 3. apo-, from Greek apo, away from, from. 4. Suffixed (comparative) form *ap(o)-tero-. after, from Old English æfter, after, behind, from Germanic *aftar-. 5. Suffixed form *ap-t-is-. eftsoons, from Old English eft, again, from Germanic *aftiz. 6. Suffixed form *apu-ko-. awkward, from Old Norse öfugr, turned backward, from Germanic *afug-. 7. Possible variant root form *po(s), on, in. a. pogrom, from Russian po, at, by, next to; b. post-, posterior; postmortem, preposterous, puisne, puny, from Latin post, behind, back, afterward; c. apposite, apposition, apropos, component, compose, composite, composition, compost, compote, compound, contrapposto, depone, deposit, dispose, exponent, expose, expound, impose, impost1, impost2, interpose, juxtapose, oppose, position, positive, post2, post3, postiche, posture, preposition, propose, provost, punt3, reposit, suppose, transpose, from Latin pnere, to put, place, from *po-s(i)nere (sinere, to leave, let; of obscure origin). (Pokorny apo- 53.)
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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