Reference > American Heritage > Dictionary
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
CONTENTS  INDEX  ILLUSTRATIONS  BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
   The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.
 

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
 
ENTRY:ag-
DEFINITION:To drive, draw, move. Oldest form *a-, becoming *ag- in centum languages.
Derivatives include agony, ambiguous, demagogue, essay, and squat.
1. act, active, actor, actual, actuary, actuate, agendum, agent, agile, agitate; allege, ambage, ambiguous, assay, cache, coagulum, cogent, essay, exact, exacta, examine, exigent, exiguous, fumigate, fustigate, intransigent, levigate, litigate, navigate, objurgate, prodigality, redact, retroactive, squat, transact, variegate, from Latin agere, to do, act, drive, conduct, lead, weigh. 2. agogue, agony; anagoge, antagonize, choragus, demagogue, epact, glucagon, hypnagogic, mystagogue, pedagogue, protagonist, stratagem, synagogue, from Greek agein, to drive, lead, weigh. 3. Suffixed form *ag-to-. ambassador, embassage, embassy, from Latin ambactus, servant, from Celtic *amb(i)-ag-to-, one who goes around (*ambi, around; see ambhi). 4. Suffixed form *ag-ti-, whence adjective *ag-ty-o-, weighty. axiom; axiology, chronaxie, from Greek axios, worth, worthy, of like value, weighing as much. 5. Possibly suffixed form *ag-ro-, driving, pursuing, grabbing. pellagra, podagra, from Greek agr, a seizing. 6. O-grade suffixed form *og-mo-, furrow, track, metaphorically incised line. ogham, from Old Irish Ogma (from Celtic *Ogmios), name of a Celtic god and traditional inventor of the ogham alphabet. (Pokorny a- 4.) See also derivative agro-.
 
 
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS  INDEX  ILLUSTRATIONS  BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
 
Google
Click here to shop the Bartleby Bookstore.
Welcome Press Advertising Linking Terms of Use © 2008 Bartleby.com