Health & Family
Smoking exacts a terrible toll in lives and health, and carries a severe economic price tag as well. Virginia's smoking prevalence has dropped since 2002 and is now on par with the national average, but much works lies ahead.
Why is This Important?
Smoking can result in a number of health consequences, including cancer, cardiovascular disease and reproductive effects. Each year in the United States, approximately 440,000 persons die of a cigarette smoking-attributable illness, resulting in 5.6 million years of potential life lost, $75 billion in direct medical costs, and $82 billion in lost productivity.
How is Virginia Doing?
In 2005, Virginia's smoking prevalence was equivalent to the national average of 20.6 percent. This is down from 25.6 percent in 2002, but still well above Utah's 11.5 percent, the lowest rate in the nation. In 2003, Virginia tied with Wisconsin and Texas for the 23rd-lowest smoking rate in the nation. The percent of people smoking in Virginia in 2005 was lower than in North Carolina (22.6 percent) and Tennessee (26.7 percent), but higher than in Maryland (18.9 percent).
What Influences Smoking?
The smoking rate tends to vary by age, education level and race. Smoking prevalence was highest among those aged 18-24 (23.6 percent) and 25-44 (23.8 percent) and lowest among those aged 65 and older (8.8 percent). By educational level, adults who had earned a General Educational Development (GED) diploma (39.6 percent) and those with a grade 9-11 education (34 percent) had the highest prevalence of smoking; those with master's, professional and doctoral degrees had the lowest prevalence (8 percent). Among racial and ethnic groups, smoking prevalence was highest among American Indians/Alaska Natives (33.4 percent) and lowest among Hispanics (15 percent) and Asians (11.3 percent).
What is the State's Role?
The state can influence smoking behaviors in a variety of ways: impose a tax on tobacco products and ban smoking in certain areas; create public education programs about the risks of tobacco use; support smoking cessation programs; and place restrictions on advertising aimed at youth.
Data Definitions and Sources
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
Centers for Disease Control, www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5235a4.htm
Cigarette Smoking Among Adults-United States, 2004, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports, 54(44):1121-1124 (2005). www.cdc.gov/TOBACCO/adultprv.htm