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Certain materials are diamagnetic, which means that when they are exposed to a magnetic field, they induce a weak magnetic field in the opposite direction.  Diamagnetic materials include some Carbon graphite, water, Bismuth, and Gold.  Although we have heard that certain carbon graphite is hard to beat, we used Bismuth in our experiments.  We intend to soon supply a kit or small Bismuth discs on our Forcefield website so folks can get this stuff easily.  With some luck, you might find good carbon graphite in old DC motors (use the brushes).  Bismuth can be found from certain chemical suppliers, and is also used as shot as an alternative to lead for re-loading shotgun shells.  Once you find a good diamagnetic material, you will also need a Neodymium Iron Boron rare earth magnet(these work because they are very strong) and a large magnet to use overhead; this could be a stack of low grade ceramics, like speaker magnets.  We used NdFeB rare earth magnets overhead, but this is not necessary.  The magnets overhead will need to be adjustable, as the adjustment is critical.  In our demonstration the overhead magnets are attached to a threaded shaft so that they can be raised and lowered.  On the bottom of the assembly, 1 or 2 diamagnetic plates are required.  If two plates are used, the distance between them can be adjusted to achieve maximum levitation.  In our demo we used pennies as spacers with good results.

Crude but functional. Wood blocks elevating the adjustable magnet apparatus, pennies separating the Bismuth plates below.


Here are some pictures of various magnets that we used in our experiments:

Here we have a 3/16 inch cube magnet (item  #24 on our  website ) suspended between two Bismuth plates.

Here is the same magnet suspended using only the lower Bismuth plate. We polished the surface of the plate so you can see the effect in the reflection.

Here we have a stack of 2 of our item  #3, which is a 2mm x 1mm.

This magnet is polarized such that the poles are at the long narrow edges, which is why it levitates in the manner that it does. (Unfortunately, this magnet is not currently available on our website.)

Our item  #9  works pretty well too. It is a gold plated disk, 6mm x 2mm

The same magnet without the top plate of Bismuth.


Levitating magnets requires very precise adjustments, especially when using only one plate. If you get the top magnets too close, the levitating magnet will take its final leap upward and usually shatter when it collides with the large magnets above.


Item #24 might be useful for such experiments.

Note: We now have a second page with additional diamagnetic levitation experiments. Click here to view this page. This page focuses on similar experiments using Carbon Graphite rather than Bismuth. This is advantageous, because we offer Carbon plates for sale on our web site; it is considerably cheaper and more accessible than Bismuth.



Another great diamagnetic levitation site

More diamagnetic levitation experiments


Click here to view other demonstration images!

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