THE COURAGE OF CONSCIENCE AWARD

It is out of a desire to promote the causes of peace and justice, non-violence and love that The Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award is humbly given.

Listed in order of receiving the Award.

1. OXFAM AMERICA 
International humanitarian and hunger relief organization for its innovative self-help community programs for people in developing nations.

 2. ELLWOOD KIESER
Priest and founding Producer of Paulist Productions for creating the films "Romero" - the Life of Archbishop Oscar Romero and "Entertaining Angels" - the Life of Dorothy Day.

 3. DICK SCOBIE
Quaker, pacifist, Executive Director of the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee for his work to expose human rights violations in El Salvador and to promote peace throughout Central America.

 4  JAMES R. BROCKMAN
Priest and author for his book Romero - The Life of Archbishop Oscar Romero, martyr of El Salvador.

 5. JOACHIM LALLY
Paulist Priest and community activist for his work within the Massachusetts Latino community.

 6. PETER, PAUL & MARY
Musical trio and political activists for their commitment to peace in Central America and for supporting musically and personally the peace and social justice movement in America.

  7. PEACE BRIGADES INTERNATIONAL
Gandhian human rights organization for providing unarmed accompaniment to activists on death squad lists throughout the Third World.

  8. VOICE of the VOICELESS OF EL SALVADOR
Humanitarian group for its efforts to protect and empower the impoverished in El Salvador.

  9. ERNESTO CARDENAL
Jesuit priest, poet, philosopher and former Secretary of the Interior and Education in the Sandanista Government in Nicaragua for bringing the gospel into politics.

10. MOTHER TERESA of CALCUTTA (AGNES GONXHA BOYAXHIU)
Catholic nun, humanitarian and spiritual teacher for her work with the Missionaries of Charity serving the poorest of the poor in India and throughout the world.

11. FINDING
Human rights organization for its efforts to assist families in locating those disappeared in Guatemala.

12. JOSE "CHENCHO" ALAS
Priest, social revolutionary and aide to Monsignor Oscar Romero for bringing the social gospel to base communities in El Salvador and Nicaragua.

13. RAUL JULIA
Actor and humanitarian for his portrayal of Archbishop Romero in the film "Romero" and Chico Mendez in the film "Burning Seasons".

14. THE XIV DALAI LAMA of TIBET (TENZIN GYATSO)
Buddhhist monk, humanitarian, spiritual teacher and exiled leader of Tibet for his example of compassion and forgiveness following the massacre of his people and culture by the occupying army of China.

15. HOWARD W. MOORE
Secular humanist and pacifist for his tenacious and impassioned leadership as a conscientious objector during WWI & II, Korea, and Vietnam.

16. SISSELA BOK
Scholar, educator and author for her contributions to peacemaking strategies in the tradition of her mother, Alva Myrtal.

17. THICH NHAT HANH
Exiled Vietnamese Buddhist monk, humanitarian, ethical vegetarian and spiritual teacher for his example of compassion and forgiveness following the destructive war in Vietnam.

18. ZELL DRAZ
Philanthropist and social activist for her supportive and creative involvement in the Quaker-based Alternatives to Violence program in prisons.

19. DANIEL BERRIGAN
Jesuit priest, poet, philosopher, author and anti-war activist for his moral leadership in the pacifist movement for peace, justice and social change.

20. RICHIE HAVENS
Singer, environmentalist and political activist for his musical contribution to the peace movement and for being a friend to those who struggle against injustice, exploitation and neglect.

21. FATHER FRANK CORDARO
Priest, pacifist and Catholic Worker activist for his witness and commitment to the disarmament movement and his efforts to bring the Catholic Church into alignment with its highest calling.

22. CAMELIA SADAT
Muslim, educator and activist for carrying on the peacemaking legacy of her soldier-turned-peacemaker father, Anwar Sadat.

23. RAM DASS
Teacher, author and spiritual guide for teaching us to be here now and that compassion is the true source of service.

24. PAUL WINTER
Composer, musician, environmentalist and pacifist for creating music that celebrates the sacredness of life and for his support of the arts. Read More

25. JIM & KATHLEEN MCGINNIS
Catholic educators, pacifists, authors and co-founders of the Institute for Peace and Justice for their extraordinary commitment to teaching and spreading peace.

26. MICHAL SCHWARTZ
Israeli Jew, human rights activist and journalist for her work to promote peace and social justice and a homeland for Palestinians.

27. WESTON PRIORY MONKS
Congregation of Benedictine monks for their active involvement in the sanctuary movement for Guatemalans and Salvadorans in exile.

28. BENJAMIN SPOCK
Pediatrician, ethical vegetarian, socialist and author for his lifelong commitment to disarmament and peaceable child-rearing.

29. HELEN CALDICOTT
Pacifist, physician, author and founder of the Women for Nuclear Disarmament (WAND) for her dynamic leadership in the worldwide disarmament movement. 

30. DAVE DELLINGER
Anti-war activist, socialist and author for his lifelong commitment to pacifist values and for serving as a spokesperson for the peace movement.

31. S. BRIAN WILLSON
Vietnam veteran, anti-war activist and author for his extraordinary personal sacrifices to demonstrate opposition to militarism and U.S. involvement in Latin America.

32. LISA & CURTIS SLIWA
Social change and inner-city activists for their work to establish the Guardian Angels in major cities on every continent in the world.

33. ROSA PARKS
Elder spokeswoman and activist for her continual example of community service and for her lifelong commitment to civil rights and non-violent social change.

34. BETSY CORNER & RANDY KEHLER
Pacifists, anti-war activists and example-setting parents for their sacrifices and leadership in the war tax resistance movement.

35. ARUN & SUNANDA GANDHI
Teachers, authors, pacifists and co-founders of the M. K. Gandhi Institute for Non-Violence in Memphis, Tennessee for bringing the legacy of Gandhi to America. Read More

36. GORDON ZAHN
Scholar, teacher and Catholic pacifist for his lifelong commitment to the ideals of non-violence and conscientious objection and for his work with the Second Vatican Council to make the Catholic Church a church of peace.

37. ED McCURDY
Singer, songwriter and television actor for his anti-war classic,"Last Night I Had the Strangest Dream," which inspired and gave hope to those in the peace movement.

38. RAMSEY CLARK
Former Attorney General and peace and social justice activist for his commitment to civil rights, his opposition to war and military spending and his dedication to providing legal representation to the peace movement, particularly, his efforts to free Leonard Peltier.

39. ARLO GUTHRIE
Singer, song writer and political activist for his life and his music that carry on the legacy of his minstrel father, Woody Guthrie.

40. LOUISE CARCIONE
Social worker and political activist for her dedicated leadership in community development in the City of Boston.

41. ELIAS & HEYEM JABBOUR
Peace activists and co-founders of The House of Hope International Peace Center in Israel for their work to bring Muslims, Jews and Christians together in the struggle against voices of extremism and blind hatred throughout the region.

42. BARRY CRIMMINS
Pacifist, ethical vegetarian, political satirist and child welfare activist for his work to expose situations that exploit people in the developing world and children here in America. Read More

43. MAYA ANGELOU
Humanitarian, philosopher, poet and author for her soaring inspiration to live life with intensity, integrity and intelligence.

44. MUHAMMAD ALI
Muslim, humanitarian, anti-war activist and former Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the World for his commitment to peacemaking and his leadership as a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War.

45. RIGABERTA MENCHU
Mayan leader and author for her personal sacrifices and unrelenting commitment to expose human rights violations against indigenous people in Guatemala and throughout Latin America.

46. ALEX PACHECO & INGRID NEWKIRK
Animal rights activists, vegans and co-founders of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals for their pioneering work to expose cruelty to animals and to promote vegetarianism.

47. LAWRENCE MARTIN JENCO
Catholic priest, author and teacher for his capacity to forgive his captures having been held hostage for 19 months and tortured by religious extremists in Beruit.

48. MICHAEL KLAPER
Philosopher, humanitarian, and environmentalist for the clarity and passion of his witness as a vegan physician and surgeon.

49. RON DELLA CHIESA
Classical and jazz scholar for being a steward of intergenerational music that binds society and elevates cultural integrity.

50. HARRY WU
Human rights activist and author for his extraordinary sacrifices and commitment to exposing human rights violations in his motherland China.

51. MATTHEW FOX
Environmental theologian, teacher and author for his inspiring teachings on Creation Spirituality.

52. SIRI SINGH SAHIB
Spiritual teacher, yogi and author for bringing Sikh Dharma to the Western Hemisphere.

53. WILLIAM JOHNSTON
Police officer and humanitarian for years of community service as a decoy in the Boston Police Department out of a desire to find kinship with the victims of society.

54. PAT FARREN
Former Peace Corps volunteer, pacifist and founding editor of "Peace Work" (the peace and social justice magazine of the American Friends Service Committee) for lifelong service to the causes of peace, social justice and human rights.

55. COLMAN McCARTHY
Pacifist, journalist and ethical vegetarian for his nationally syndicated column in the Washington Post.

56. LOUISE COLEMAN 
Animal rights activist for her pioneering work to save greyhounds from death following their exploitation at racing parks throughout New England.
Read More

57. HOWARD ZINN
Scholar, author, anti-war activist and leader of the peace movement for giving voice to the victims of oppression and for his revealing book, People's History of the United States.

58. RALPH DIGIA
Secular humanist and pacifist for his example as a conscientious objector and for over forty years of dedicated service at the War Resister's League in New York City.

59. ROSE & BILL ABBOTT
Humanitarians, farmers and co-founders of Food for the Needy for their 25 years of growing acres of vegetables and donating the harvests to the poor in the Worcester/Boston area.

60. LORRI and GENE BAUSTON
Ethical vegetarians, animal rights activists, humanitarians and co-founders of Farm Sanctuary for their commitment to saving farm animals and for their leadership as vegan pacifists.

61. MIKHAIL GORBACHEV
Last President of the Soviet Union for his historic role in the evolution of Glasnost - openness in government - and for his leadership in the disarmament negotiations with the United States during the Reagan Administration.

62. MICHAEL TOBIAS
Humanitarian, scholar, author, film producer and ethical vegetarian for his dedication to issues of overpopulation, the environment and ahimsa (dynamic harmlessness).

63. MAHA GHOSANANDA
Pacifist, ethical vegetarian, author and Supreme Patriarch of Cambodian Buddhism for teaching non-violence and establishing Buddhist temples throughout the world that root his exiled people in their religion of peace.

64. HOWARD LYMAN
Ethical vegetarian and fourth generation cattle rancher- turned-vegan for his leadership in the animal rights movement.

65. CHRIS DeROSE
Former actor, vegan, animal rights activist and founder of Last Chance for Animals for his commitment to saving animals and exposing animal abuse in entertainment, medical research and food production.

66. PATCH ADAMS
Physician, professional clown and socialist for his commitment to providing health care for indigent and uninsured people, free of charge, without malpractice insurance, out of his home for over 25 years. Read More

67. GURUDEV SHREE CHITRABHANU
Jain teacher, ethical vegetarian, pacifist and author for his unprecedented journey to bring the Jain tradition of ahimsa to the Western Hemisphere.

68. AARON FEURERSTEIN
Industrialist and philanthropist for setting the standard for commitment to employees following a devastating fire at his Malden Mills manufacturing plant.

69. HUGH C. THOMPSON, JR.
American soldier and Veterans Administration counselor for his extraordinary moral courage while stopping the My Lai massacre in Vietnam in 1968 and saving the lives of dozens of civilian Vietnamese. Read More

70. LAWRENCE COLBURN
American soldier for his courage during the 1968 My Lai massacre with comrades Hugh C. Thompson, Jr. and Glen Andreotta in saving the lives of dozens of civilian Vietnamese.

71. PEACE PAGODA
International Japanese Nipponzan Buddhist Order devoted to prayer and service for the Interfaith Pilgrimage of the Middle Passage - Tracing the Journey of Slavery (United States, Caribbean, Brazil, West Africa, South Africa).

72. STANLEY KUNITZ
Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and  conscientious objector for his contribution to the liberation of the human spirit through his poetry. Read More

73. NGAWANG CHOEPHEL
Tibetan scholar for his courage in returning to Tibet to preserve the history and diversity of Tibetan oral tradition in music and dance.  Presented in absentia to his mother Sonam Deyki. Read More Web Link Photos by Scott Langley

74. JUAN CARRERO SARALEGUI
Spanish activist, conscientious objector and Gandhian pacifist for his lifelong commitment to non-violence and his work to halt and expose the truth behind the genocide in the Great Lakes Nations of Africa. Read More

75. YOKO KAWASHIMA WATKINS
Author for her poignant and eloquent accounting of her courageous struggle against oppression during World War II and her inspiration to young people throughout America and the world. Read More

76.  KATHY KELLY 
Founder and leader of Voices in the Wilderness for her extraordinary commitment to befriend the Iraqui people and bring to light their great suffering under the immoral UN/US economic sanctions.

77.  JUN YASUDA
Buddhist nun, member of the Nipponzan Myohoji Community and Founder of the Grafton Peace Pagoda for living and walking for Peace and Non-Violence, nationally and internationally. 

78.  LOUISE FRANKLIN-RAMERIZ
Feminist, environmentalist, anti-war activist and leader in the movements for gender equality, social justice, non-violence and peace for her demonstrated vision, energy and idealism on the pathway to peacemaking over a period of seven decades.

79.  RICHARD McSORLEY
Jesuit priest, author, Catholic worker, teacher, pacifist and Founder and Director of the Center for Peace Studies at Georgetown University for his lifelong commitment to activist Gospel living in the face of adversity.

80.  JIM WALLIS
Minister and author for his work in advocating for peace and social  justice  in urban America and for his role as founder of Sojourners Magazine and  the Call to Renewal.

81.  ELISE BOULDING
Quaker pacifist, author, professor and futurist for her lifelong commitment and contributions to peace and justice, envisioning the Peaceable Kingdom as a shared reality.

82.  BARBARA SONNEBORN
Director, writer and producer of the documentary film "Regret to Inform" for her  courage in helping us understand the tragedy of war through sharing her tragic and poignant story and similiar stories of other widows of the Vietnam War.

83.  JIMMY TINGLE
Political satirist, practitioner of non-violence and activist for peace & social change, whose humor and satire help in combating destructive elements in society. 

84.  STING and TRUDIE STYLER
Singer/song writer, documentary film producers for their commitment to the environment through the establishment of the Rainforest Foundation; to human rights in China through the documentary film on Tiananmen Square; and to peace and social justice through the powerful gift of song. 

85.  MICHIO and AVELINE KUSHI
Founders of The Kushi Institute for their extraordinary contribution to diet, health and world peace, and for serving as powerful examples of conscious living.

86. HARVARD LIVING WAGE CAMPAIGN and the 
STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN THE LIVING WAGE SIT-IN AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
University labor movement collaboration for the clarity of their message, passion of their witness, and courage and commitment in demanding that Harvard pay all its employees a living wage. 

87. MICHAEL TRUE
Pacifist, educator, author and lifelong peace activist for his compassionate and compelling leadership in the movement for peace and non-violent social change, and for serving as mentor and beacon of integrity for pacifists throughout America.

88. MICHAEL PATRICK MacDONALD
Author, community organizer and peace activist for his courage and committed efforts to stem the tide of inner city violence through the establishment of the gun-buyback program in Boston.

89. SR. JEANNETTE NORMANDIN
Sister of St. Anne, counselor, prison chaplain and founder of the Ruah House, serving women living with HIV, for the clarity of her vision, her decades of work with prisoners and the poor in the inner city, and for her courageous devotion to the call for women to serve humanity within the Roman Catholic Church as equals in the eyes of Christ.

90. MILLION MOM MARCH FOUNDATION
The national organization of mothers against gun violence for organizing and leading the largest and most effective March on Washington (2000) to protest gun violence, empowering millions to take a principled stand against the proliferation of guns in society.

91. KEYDONG THUK-CHE-CHO-LING NUNNERY
First Tibetan Buddhist nuns in history to embark on the sacred journey of mandala building, and for their ancient tradition of providing sanctuary for cows and sheep that escape from slaughterhouses near their Kathmandu convent.

92. EDDIE LAMA
New York City contractor, community organizer, ethical vegan and animal rights activist for his passionate efforts to educate the general public about the injustice of animal exploitation. Read More Web Link

93. ROY BOURGEOIS
Veteran, priest, and founder of The School of the Americas Watch for his leadership and unrelenting commitment to close down the SOA training base for US sponsored terrorism in Latin America.

94. REPRESENTATIVE BARBARA LEE
US Representative from California for her courage to stand alone and vote against the call to war after the tragedy of September 11. In her speech she said, "let us not become the evil that we deplore".

95. MICHAEL LERNER & TIKKUN MAGAZINE
Rabbi, author, and editor of Tikkun magazine for his unflinching courage and relentless spiritual optimism for the Middle East and for proclaiming a vision of compassion and love in the darkest of times.

96. PETER AND ILKA SHUMANN AND THE BREAD & PUPPET THEATRE
Founders of The Bread and Puppet Theater for their commitment to promote social awareness through compelling political and artistic productions that address social and economic injustices.

97. JULIA BUTTERFLY HILL
Author, environmentalist, vegan, and social change activist for her extraordinary commitment to saving the Redwood Forest through her Luna Tree-sit, and ongoing efforts to educate, inspire, and further the movement for peace and social justice.

98. JULIA ESTY AND SHELAGH FOREMAN Read More
Anti-war, nuclear freeze and social justice activists for their unrelenting work against the spread of militarism and a culture of violence. Both women devote their lives to promoting the causes of peace and nonviolence and serve as an inspiration to thousands on the pathway of peacemaking.

99. CHRIS HEDGES
War correspondent, New York Times reporter and author for his passionate commitment to demythologize and explain the abomination of war and its destructive effects on civil society.

100. WILLIAM SLOANE COFFIN
Christian minister, author, anti-war activist and mentor to a generation of peacemakers for his life-long Gospel witness, and his passionate and prophetic leadership in the peace and social justice movements.

101. RUTH HILLER AND NEW PROFILE
American born, Israeli Jew for her unswirving devotion to the ideals of New Profile which strives to change the military mindset in Israel and create a civil society.

102. SEPTEMBER 11TH FAMILIES FOR PEACEFUL TOMORROWS Read More
For their courage in turning grief into action by creating solidarity with victims of terrorism, violence, and war throughout the world.

103. PAUL AND TATIANA RUSESABAGINA
In honor of their extraordinary efforts that saved the lives of over twelve hundred innocent people at the Hotel Milles Collines during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994.

104. CAMILO MEJIA Read More Camilo News Page
Iraq War Conscientious Objector, Amnesty International Prisoner of Conscience and ethical vegetarian.

105. DADI JANKI
Spiritual leader, ethical vegetarian, member of the UN "Wisdom Keepers" for 70 years of humanitarian work throughout the world

106. CINDY SHEEHAN
Mother, author, ethical vegetarian for the power of her witness against the war as generated through her profound sense of loss following the death of her son Casey in Iraq.

107. MILITARY FAMILIES SPEAK OUT Read More
For bringing together thousands of families and loved ones of those serving in the military to speak out against the illegal war in Iraq.

108. ROBERT COLES
Child psychiatrist, oral historian, social anthropologist and teacher for the depth of his commitment to the health and well-being of children through their telling of their own stories.

109. JUANITA AND WALLY NELSON
Farmers, civil rights activists, pacifists and war tax resisters for their love & generosity and their spirited life of service to the movements of social justice, activist nonviolence and peace.

110. WILLIAM KELLY
International artist, humanist, human rights advocate, and founder of the Archive of Humanist Art, which features art that addresses humanist peace concerns.

111. ANURADHA KOIRALA
Founder and director of Maiti Nepal, ("Mother's House") to rescue, rehabilitate, and support some of the thousands of girls and women who have been trafficked from Nepal to India to be sexual slaves in brothels.

112. SOS GALGOS
A Greyhound adoption and advocacy group based in Spain for their tireless and courageous effort to save and protect these animals

113. HUSTON SMITH
For his life long commitment to bringing the world’s religions together to promote understanding, social justice and peace.

114. SURVIVORS OF GERNIKA BOMBING
For their promotion of reconciliation, their commitment to peace for the children of Gernika and the world, and for sharing their remarkable journey with grace and dignity.

115. GRASSROOTS SOCCER: Ethan Zohn and Dr. Tommy Clark
For their combined humanitarian efforts to spread HIV education throughout Africa via soccer teams for youth and young adults.

116. CODEPINK: Jodie Evans
For the passionate and driven direction women have given the peace movement through this organization that blends tenacity with hope, pranks of conscience with in-your-face challenges to war waging political figures in Washington.

117. JACKSON BROWNE
For promoting peace and justice through his music and his unrelenting support for that which promotes nonviolent solutions to problems both nationally and internationally.

118. WILL TUTTLE
For spreading an understanding of the many costs of our exploitation of animals through his book "The World Peace Diet" which furthers the vegan revolution and its outreach worldwide.

119. BURMESE ORDER OF BUDDHIST MONKS (in absentia)
For leading the people of Burma in nonviolent Gandhian protest against the cruel and oppressive Burmese military junta.

CHILDREN'S PEACE AWARD:

1. JIM HENSON
Humanitarian, muppeteer, producer and director of films for children that encourage tolerance, interracial values, equality and fair play.

2. EARTH GUARDIANS AND THE CHILDREN'S 
TORCH OF PEACE

For their journey across America by school bus to empower other children to break out of the norm and risk making a difference in the world.

3. COLOMBIAN CHILDREN'S PEACE MOVEMENT
For their courageous effort to end the war in their homeland and for setting an example of peacemaking for children and adults throughout the world.

POSTHUMOUS:

1. ANWAR SADAT
President of Egypt for his historic and visionary trip to Israel in 1978 that, challenging the structures of an ancient enmity, led to the Camp David Accords and a peace treaty between the two nations.

2. ALVA MYRDAL
Swedish Disarmament Minister, Ambassador to India, college founder, author and social reformer for her lifelong work on behalf of women's rights, education reform and the international disarmament movement.

3. MAHATMA GANDHI
 Lawyer, ethical vegetarian, and architect of the non-violent resistance movement in India and South Africa for his creative approaches to civil disobedience in the founding of a peace movement that helped establish the freedom of an entire nation.

4. PEACE PILGRIM
Wandering mendicant and peace activist for her unprecedented 28 year trip across America, in which she walked over 25,000 miles, talking to everyone she met about peaceful living.

5. BEN LINDER
American mechanical engineering student for his efforts to provide hydroelectric power to a small rural town in Nicaragua, for which he paid with his life at the hands of an American-backed Contra soldier.

6. ABBIE HOFFMAN
Political activist, author, founder of the Youth International Movement (Yippies) and member of the Chicago Seven, for relentlessly pitting his rebellious spirit against the Vietnam War and other oppressive forces in the United States during the Sixties.

7. JOHN ONO LENNON
Musician and peace activist for his music and anti-war protests which helped to bring to the attention of an entire generation the ideals of peace and love.

8. OSCAR ROMERO
Archbishop of El Salvador for his courageous battle on behalf of the poor communities in his country seeking democratic freedom and social justice from the military powers that oppressed them.

9. DOROTHY DAY
Publisher, pacifist, civil disobedient, and altruist for her work with the poor and founding of the Catholic Worker's movement. 

10. ROBERT FRANCIS KENNEDY
U.S. Attorney General, Senator and presidential candidate for his activities on behalf of social and economic justice that led to a political and social awakening while on the campaign trail in 1968. Web Link

11. REV. DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.
Pastor and visionary civil-rights leader for his ethical and spiritual leadership in the historic civil rights campaign that forever changed the American nation.  King brought the Gandhian tradition of non-violent social activism to the American struggle for civil rights.

12. WOODY GUTHRIE
Songwriter and social activist for the great artistry and empathy of his classic songs, which conveyed the plight of the common person, from migrant workers in California to union organizers in New York.

13. GLENN ANDREOTTA
American soldier in Vietnam for his unusual bravery and compassion in helping, along with helicopter crew members Hugh C. Thompson Jr. and Lawrence Colburn, to save civilian lives during the My Lai massacre in Vietnam in 1968.

14. JOSEPH MOAKLEY
US Representative, respected voice of conscience in Congress for his unrelenting commitment to ending the war in El Salvador and throughout Central America, and for the compassionate care he gave his constituents in Massachusetts for nearly three decades.

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