Gauja NP was founded in 1973, and it was the first national park
in the territory of Latvia at that time. It focuses mainly on
nature protection but it is also used for educational and leisure
tourism. Its territory of 91745 ha is divided into five functional
areas. The most important of them are nature reserves and
restricted nature areas. Nature reserves take up a small but
particularly valuable part of the Gauja NP, and access to these
territories is restricted.
Gauja NP includes the Primeval valley of the Gauja
River and together with its tributaries it forms a particularly
original landscape. On the banks of the Gauja, Amata, Brasla, many
smaller rivers and brooks there are the biggest Devonian outcrops
in Latvia sandstone cliffs, rocks and caves.
Forests cover 47% of the parks territory. About
900 plant, 149 bird and 48 mammal species inhabit the territory of
the Gauja NP.
The territory of the Gauja NP comprises more than 500
monuments of history and culture castle mounds, castles,
churches, manors, water and windmills as well as numerous
archaeological and art monuments.
Tourists started to visit this area already in the
19th century. Nowadays the main tourist attractions are Sigulda
and Cēsis towns, Turaida museum reserve, Āraiši Lake fortress
and Līgatne Nature Park as well as the most popular
archaeological objects Zvārtes rock, Ērgļu (Ērģeļu)
cliffs and Sietiņiezis rock.
On the banks of the Gauja, Amata and Brasla Rivers
there are special campsites for water and car tourists.
Gauja National Park Administration and Visitor Centre
are located at 3 Baznīcas Street, Sigulda.
Memeber since 1994