Santos calls for participation of all in combating poverty
a mass rally in Kuito, capital of Bié Province, on
31 October, President José Eduardo dos Santos said
that all Angolans should work together to eradicate poverty
and eliminate hunger completely.
government, he said, was doing its part, and ‘now it is necessary
for every worker, every peasant, every entrepreneur and every
intellectual to do his or her part too, so that all together
we may be strong; and we are going to win this war of ending
poverty and eradicating misery’.
has made us poor, we are producing ever less because we have
had many difficulties. The population has grown a lot, making
us even poorer,’ he said.
the need to start on the reconstruction of Angola, the President
said that he and those accompanying him had come to examine
and approve programmes to start repairing roads, schools,
medical posts and hospitals, to improve water and power supply
systems and so forth.
we have come to do here is very important, because we know
that people want to work. Peasants want to till the soil,
but they need to move freely, they need to receive fertilisers,
they need tractors,’ he said.
an inland province, he said, Bié had no access to the
sea. ‘Many of the goods we use, the equipment, the work tools,
are not produced in Angola. We have to import them from other
countries and they have to come in through our ports. The
port that serves Bié Province is in Benguela Province,’
he said. Therefore, the Benguela Railway had to be rehabilitated
‘as soon as possible’.
President also spoke of the need to rebuild Kuito, to start
to make it ‘even more beautiful than it used to be’.
those present, in addition to the governor of Bié Province,
were the governors of Huambo, Benguela and Kwanza Sul provinces.
were also programmes for those provinces, dos Santos said.
too can make investments, create new jobs, create more wealth,
because only with more wealth will we also have more money
to distribute to all the people, improving everyone’s living
conditions and earnings.
starts consultations on appointment of Prime Minister
was reported on 19 October that President dos Santos had started
consultations with a view to the forthcoming appointment of
a Prime Minister.
to a press statement issued by the Office of the President,
this was being done as a result of the final end of the armed
conflict in Angola and the speedy carrying out, within the
framework of the regular activity of the Joint Commission,
of the outstanding tasks of the Lusaka Protocol. The completion
of these tasks, it said, ‘favours the progressive normalisation
of life in the country’.
a press conference earlier in the week, Norberto dos Santos,
the MPLA information secretary, said it was a fact that the
country was going to have a Prime Minister. What was being
done now, he added, was to ensure that the duties and powers
of the President and Prime Minister were duly clarified, so
as to avoid some confusion there had been in the past.
Minister of East Timor visits Angola
José Eduardo dos Santos said in Luanda on 15 October
that Angola was fully prepared to support East Timor in the
great task of national reconstruction, ‘despite the difficulties
inherent in a post-war situation’.
at the start of official talks with Mari Alkatiri, Prime Minister
of East Timor, the President stressed the relations of friendship
between their two peoples, saying that despite the geographical
distance, ‘we felt deeply involved in the problems that affected
the Timorese for many years’.
Minister Mari Alkatiri said: ‘Angola never vacillated, never
hesitated in supporting us at any time, even in the most difficult
moments of our struggle.’
said that the first time his country had voted in the United
Nations was in favour of Angola as a non-permanent member
of the Security Council.
agreement on cooperation was signed during the visit. One
of the items agreed was that Angola will be training Timorese
Alkatiri also said during his visit that his country planned
to benefit from Angola’s experience in the oil industry.
involvement in Ivory Coast denied
Office of the President has denied the involvement of the
Angolan Armed Forces in the internal crisis in Ivory Coast.
A source in the Office of the President categorically denied
on 15 October that Angolan armoured cars had arrived at Abidjan
military airport and that one of them had had mechanical problems
on the route into the centre of the city.
Ivorian Ambassador to Angola, Anne Gnahouret, had earlier
given a press conference in Lunda to deny any such participation.
relations are diplomatic,’ she said. ‘It is not true that
Angolan soldiers are involved in the conflict in our country.’
Ambassador to Ivory Coast, Dombele Mbala Bernardo, said in
Luanda on 13 October that reports that Angolan troops were
fighting with Ivorian government troops were unfounded and
had originated from the rebels there.
that there are Angolans fighting in Ivory Coast was started
by the rebels themselves, as a way of getting the attention
of the international community. Countries accredited in Ivory
Coast know that there are no Angolan troops in that country.’
accuses Médecins Sans Frontières of gross interference
MPLA has accused Médecins Sans Frontières of
‘gross interference in Angola’s internal affairs’ and wanting
to give the government orders.
secretary Norberto dos Santos said this at a press conference
on 11 October.
a report entitled ‘Angola, after the war abandonment’ presented
during an earlier press conference, MSF accused the authorities
of having abandoned to their fate the population ‘sacrificed
by the warring parties’.
‘We accept opinions and suggestions. They have the right to
say what they think, but they have no right to tell the government
what it should do,’ Norberto dos Santos said, adding that
the government had a programme for reception areas and was
carrying it out.
think the government should establish norms and rules to govern
the activity of non-governmental organisations here in Angola,’
Norberto dos Santos continued, ‘because there is in fact interference
that is beginning to put our sovereignty in question. It is
beginning to put in question our fitness as a state.’
army marks tenth anniversary
of Defence Kundy Paihama said in Luanda on 9 October that
the Angolan Armed Forces, FAA, were celebrating their tenth
anniversary with a feeling of having performed their duty
by giving the Angolan people ‘what they had always longed
for most - peace, freedom and the legitimate right to determine
their own destiny in tranquillity’.
was, he continued, ‘a truly national army, which had shown
itself to be outstandingly capable of fighting in defence
of Angola’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, giving
of its best for the consolidation of peace, national concord
and social well-being’.
was created on 9 October 1991, through the merging of FAPLA,
the government’s army, and Unita’s army FALA, within the framework
of the Bicesse Accords signed in Portugal that same year.
The Accords provided for the establishment of a single national
first and most important thing,’ Paihama stressed, ‘is that
we succeeded in putting an end to the internal armed conflict
and that we ourselves, in our own country, found the requisite
mechanisms in record time to silence the guns, to start dialogue
and, in a spirit of fraternal understanding, to unite on the
basis of the highest ideals of our martyred people.’
Unita forms standing committee
new standing committee met in Luanda on 9 October to discuss
future plans. The meeting came a day after the re-unification
of Unita, which culminated in the swearing in of the members
of a political committee.
information secretary Marcial Dachala told the press afterwards
that all that remained to be done was to hold a congress to
elect the top leader.
members of the political committee include, among others,
Paulo Lukamba ‘Gato’, Jorge Valentim, Correia Victor, Abílio
Camalata ‘Numa’, Jerónimo Wanga, Samuel Chiwale, Demósthenes
Chilingutila, Abel Chivukuvuku, Isaías Samakuva, Alcides
Sakala, Eugénio Manuvakola, Jaka Jamba, Fernando Heitor
and Jardo Muekália.
not to close reception areas in October
government delegation in the Joint Commission said in Luanda
on 7 October that it had no intention of closing the reception
areas for Unita soldiers and their families as from 15 October,
thus refuting what had been stated in a report published by
the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance.
press release issued after the meeting said the commission
‘welcomed with satisfaction the clarification provided by
the government delegation’. It also welcomed the government’s
decision to draw up a programme for the social reintegration
of former Unita and government soldiers, to arrange joint
visits (government, Unita and UN) to reception areas, and
the government’s ‘positive response to other logistical and
functional questions raised by Unita’.
was agreed that meetings of the Joint Commission should be
based on the Memorandum of Understanding and the Lusaka Protocol,
although the parties could raise any other issues they regarded
as important to the implementation of those instruments.
programme for period 2003-2004 approved
government approved its programme for the period 2003-2004
and made an initial examination of the 2003 general state
budget at a meeting on 23 October chaired by President José
Eduardo dos Santos.
press release said that one of the aims during the period
was to ‘consolidate the peace process and promote national
reconciliation’. Other goals include combating hunger and
poverty, promoting social stability by achieving macro-economic
stability, improving health, education and social assistance,
and implementing a national strategy to combat Aids and major
the same time, economic facilities are to be improved, while
promoting the growth of the non-oil sector of the economy
and making proper use of Angolan human resources.
government is also to ensure the normal functioning of administrative
institutions and the system of justice throughout the country.
date yet for donor conference
Gambari, representative of the UN Secretary-General in Angola,
said in Luanda on 21 October that no specific date had yet
been set for holding an international donor conference, and
that it might be held at the beginning of next year.
added that ‘preparations for holding the conference are continuing’
and that discussions were taking place between the UN and
the Angolan government to ensure the success of the conference.
strengthened relations between the government and the World
Bank and IMF, Gambari said the World Bank was already working
in partnership with the government on a programme for the
reintegration of demobilised soldiers.
Angolanisation sought in oil industry
Ministries of Oil and Industry have set up working sub-committees
to carry out a study on the involvement of Angolan companies
in the oil industry. Oil Minister Botelho de Vasconcelos said
the results would be presented to the government. The Minister
was at a ceremony to inaugurate the headquarters of Sonangol
USA Company, Sonusa, in Houston, Texas.
were not enough national companies involved in the oil sector,
he said. He however welcomed the results achieved in the training
and employment of Angolan personnel in foreign oil companies.
Many Angolans were already in technical and managerial posts
in such companies as Chevron Texaco, TotalFinaElf, BP and
Exxon, he said.
to the inauguration of Sonusa, the Minister said the consolidation
of Sonangol’s position in Houston would strengthen commercial
relations with the USA and enable Angola to participate more
fully in the international oil market.
is an import step that will bring benefits in the years to
come,’ he said.
De Beers and SDM to end disputes
state diamond company Endiama, De Beers and the Sociedade
de Desenvolvimento Mineiro, SDM, have signed a moratorium
agreement to end disputes and enter into new contracts. According
to a press release issued on 18 October, this could lead to
greater mutually advantageous bilateral cooperation in the
the companies have requested Angolan and arbitration courts
to suspend pending arbitration proceedings until 31 December.
the moratorium agreement, which was aimed at starting negotiations
in good faith between the companies by 21 October, if the
parties do not achieve a definitive agreement by 31 December,
arbitration procedures are to be resumed.
companies are to make efforts to ensure a positive outcome
to the negotiations.
diamond mining contracts signed
Luarica and Fucauma diamond projects in Lunda Norte Province
will shortly start operations, following the signing of contracts
in Luanda on 3 October, under which Endiama, the national
diamond company, will resume its role as operator.
Luarica mine has proven reserves of 789,624.85 carats, and
extraction over an estimated six-year period is expected to
provide earnings of more than US$170 million. Endiama, which
has a 40 percent shareholding, will have as its partner the
South African company Trans Hex, with a 35 percent interest.
Other companies involved are Micol and Som-Veterang, both
of which are Angolan, each with 12.5 percent.
to specialists, the Fucauma mine will produce an estimated
480 carats over a four-year period, providing earnings of
US$70 million. The companies involved, in addition to Endiama
(38 percent), are Trans Hex (32 percent) and the Angolan companies
Toca Mai, LMJS, CDS, Lunae, Diagema and Afromeira.
on behalf of Trans Hex, Tokyo Cekwale, an ANC veteran and
former governor of Gauteng, said his group would be investing
US$30 million in the two projects. They were also interested
in investing in other areas.
are building a hotel on Luanda Island,’ Cekwale said, ‘and
we also have plans in the area of education.’
of former Unita soldiers to cost $55 million
Baptista Kussumua, Minister of Assistance and Social Reintegration,
presented to the press on 29 October a special government
programme for demobilised Unita soldiers within the framework
of completing implementation of the Lusaka Protocol.
programme is in four phases: social and economic reintegration,
resettlement of population directly affected by the armed
conflict, vocational training, and general programme of demobilisation
Minister said the plan would benefit more than 70,000 demobilised
Unita troops and would cost an estimated US$55 million, 50
percent of which had already been funded by the government.
the trades included in vocational training are basic and advanced
agriculture, electricity, brick-laying, metalworking, plumbing,
nursing, teaching, driving and carpentry.
Minister added that government action also included a series
of programmes already under way aimed at combating poverty.
soldiers informed of their rights
institute for the social and economic reintegration of ex-servicemen,
Irsem, started a process of informing demobbed soldiers of
their rights and duties in civilian life on 31 October at
the Galangue reception centre, Huíla Province.
activists provided information and advice aimed at cultivating
in the former soldiers a spirit of peace and reconciliation.
Mr. Azevedo Pio, head of the Irsem information department,
said this would be done at the three Galangue centres.
are more than 20,000 demobilised soldiers in Huíla
Province, 16,000 from the Bicesse Accord, 4,000 from the Lusaka
Protocol and around 2,500 from the Memorandum of Understanding
signed in Moxico Province last April.
is also to undertake a survey among demobilised soldiers to
collect information to help them to find employment later
on. NGOs involved in human rights issues were helping the
government with this in Huíla Province.
vaccinated against measles
was reported on 23 October that 257,687 children between 6
months and 14 years old had been vaccinated against measles
in reception areas for Unita families and other emergency
centres, as part of the vaccination campaign promoted by the
Ministry of Health and Unicef.
by the European Union, the campaign also had the participation
of Angolan and foreign NGOs, provincial health departments
Vaz, head of the hygiene and epidemiology department of the
National Directorate of Public Health, said that measles was
one of the major causes of infant mortality in Angola.
was hoped to vaccinate more than 300,000 more children by
the end of December, she said.
3,702 former Unita soldiers return home
thousand seven hundred and two former Unita soldiers and their
families in the Uamba and Vale do Loge reception centres in
Uíge Province were returning to the areas where they
lived before joining in the war.
was announced on 21 October by Cordeiro Ernesto Nzakundomba,
governor of Uíge Province, at a meeting to discuss
the provision of transport for the return of the former soldiers.
social projects in Huíla Province
provincial governor Ramos da Cruz revealed on 20 October that
the provincial government would complete more than 20 social
projects by November. Schools, health posts, low cost housing
for public sector workers and recently repaired secondary
roads would be presented to the population as part of the
festivities of the 27th anniversary of independence.
projects, he said, were part of the strategic programme for
the development of the region, scheduled to take five years.
projects completed were the first phase of an irrigation canal
from the Matala hydroelectric scheme, built by the Brazilian
company Odebrecht at a cost of US$6 million, the Chicungo
dam in the agricultural municipality of Quipungo, and fully
repaired roads such as those in the Capunda mining region,
Cavilongo and Chibia, between the city of Lubango and the
Tundavala tourist area.
governor was speaking after a local government meeting. He
added that there were serious problems in the area of education.
have around 400,000 children studying in Huíla Province,
with extremely deteriorated facilities,’ he said. ‘And despite
the fact that the government has made great efforts in recent
years to remedy this, the truth is that we have not achieved
what is needed. We shall continue to spend 50 percent of the
public investment programme budget on education, since we
have been given specific guidelines to improve the sector
as soon as possible.’
was earlier reported that local government in Lubango, capital
of Huíla Province, had invested more than US$93 million
in building homes for public sector employees on the outskirts
of the city.
Venâncio, assistant administrator, said 70 homes would
be built for media, health, education and construction workers,
so as to reduce the housing difficulties they faced.
said that more than 50 homes had already been built, within
the framework of the public investment programme.
in Luanda on 18 October, the standing commission of the Council
of Ministers noted that, although it was still worrying, the
humanitarian situation in the country had improved substantially.
A press statement said the most humanitarian critical conditions
were in areas where there had been greatest instability during
the last phase of the war, with many people displaced and
the destruction of crops.
1.9 million people still needed emergency aid, even in areas
already assisted before the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding
last April. The people needed sufficient quantities of food,
seeds and farm tools, medicines and blankets.
standing commission also expressed concern about schooling
for displaced children. It noted that about 60 percent of
them could not take part in organised learning activities,
making it necessary to rehabilitate 600 classrooms and additional
facilities for around 100,000 pupils.
the government had approved a US$267-million programme for
the return and resettlement of displaced people and former
Unita soldiers, UN agencies and NGOs needed to raise US$170
million to cover part of that humanitarian operation by December
of the government’s priorities, the statement said, was to
close camps for displaced persons and ensure that people returned
to their home areas before the start of the agricultural year.
This was to be done in accordance with procedures already
approved by the Council of Ministers, to include a programme
of support for the social reintegration of people directly
affected by the armed conflict and the rehabilitation of rural
for reintegration of displaced people
national commission for the social and productive reintegration
of demobilised and displaced people started a meeting with
provincial governors on 14 October to programme the return
and resettlement of displaced people and those in reception
centres before the next agricultural season.
Baptista Kussumua, Minister of Assistance and Social Reintegration,
said the government had earmarked US$2 million to start to
transport them to the areas of their choice indicated during
surveys made in reception centres.
said the reception centres were to be closed by the end of
the year. The people there would be leaving areas where they
had to wait for supplies that were subject to delays, in order
to be able to sustain themselves and contribute to the country’s
reconstruction and economic stability.
acknowledged that it was not easy to maintain the 27 reception
centres, with the heavy costs of supplying them. It would
be much better for the former soldiers and their families
to settle in areas where they want to live and earn their
own living with government support.
ex-combatants would receive money, tool kits and vocational
training, he said. He promised safe conditions, as well as
land and water.
Minister criticised the lack of consistency of NGOs that spoke
of food problems in reception areas but did not want people
to leave those areas. This was an issue that had to be dealt
with strictly in terms of the requirements and not one to
be used for political purposes, he said.
present at the meeting were Júlio Bessa, Minister of
Finance, Ana Dias Lourenço, Minister of Planning, and
Faustino Muteka, Minister of Territorial Administration.
projects in Bengo Province
social projects worth US$331,133 were handed over to the local
community in Caxito, Bengo Province, on 12 October. Financed
by the Social Support Fund, they were three two-room primary
schools and two infant centres.
da Costa Lembe, deputy provincial governor, stressed the need
to preserve the buildings and thanked the Fund for the work
it had been doing to improve the lives of the neediest people
in the province.
Peixoto, provincial director of the Fund, said that in this
second phase of the programme, which had started in 2000,
the aim was to finance building projects and rehabilitate
hundred and fifty tree species are to be planted by teachers
in the municipality of Bocoio, 110 km north of the city of
Benguela, during the months of October and November.
Ernesto, head of the municipal office of the Ministry of Education
and Culture, said that teachers and administrative personnel
had been mobilised for the campaign, and they and other people
from the community would also be filling in holes on the 25-km
road from Bocoio to Lobito.
Tyamba of the Huíla provincial office of the Institute
of Forestry Development, said in Lubango on 12 October that
17,000 trees would be planted in November. The trees, to include
mainly eucalyptus, jacarandas and pines, would be planted
in streets and schools and religious institutions on the outskirts
added that the project was part of a programme of seed reproduction,
under which it was planned to plant 35,000 species of trees
in Quipungo, 50,000 in Matala and 30,000 in Chibia.
added that the Institute had planted 800,000 trees in the
province in the past six months.
convoys take food to reception areas
convoy of 62 trucks left Luanda on 12 October for the centre,
south and southwest of the country, taking containers of food,
medicines, clothing and footwear to the people in reception
centres in what was called Operation Peace. Forty-six of them
were taking goods to Kuando Kubango Province, eleven went
to Huambo and four to Bié.
Machado, one of the drivers, said that under normal conditions
the journey would take less than four days, but that owing
to the bad conditions of roads it would take longer.
was the fourth convoy taking goods to reception centres. The
first went from the port of Lobito to Huambo earlier in October,
the second to Moxico, and the third, a convoy of 70 trucks,
drove to Malanje, Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul and Moxico.
Catraio, an adviser to the Ministry of Finance, said the food
taken was aimed at ensuring assistance until December.
consignment that left Luanda on 12 October included rice,
assorted tinned food, salt, cooking oil and soap, among other
things, totalling 700 tonnes. Another 300 tonnes of goods
were to be distributed in Kwanza Sul Province in the next
few days by a convoy that was being prepared.
addition to goods for people in reception areas, the road
convoys were taking assorted articles to the Ministry of Assistance
and Social Reintegration to support programmes for the reintegration
of demobilised soldiers.
signs treaty on plant genetic resources
Angolan government signed the International Treaty on Plant
Genetic Resources at a meeting of the interim committee of
the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation held in Rome from
9 to 10 October. The treaty is to ensure diversity of plant
genetic resources for farmers for plant improvement and fair
and equitable sharing of the benefits of those resources.
the meeting, Angola was also elected vice-chair of the international
bureau for the African region, a post to be held by Liz Matos,
director of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s
National Plant Genetic Resources Centre.
on agriculture in Bié
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development held the 26th
meeting of its enlarged consultative board in Bié Province
on 10 and 11 October.
Ministry source said issues discussed by experts were agricultural
development, poverty reduction strategies, food security and
institutional legal reforms.
items on the agenda were national livestock production, repair
of facilities, agricultural investment programmes, natural
resource management and the environment, and personnel and
in Lunda Norte
government has spent around US$8 million on building economic
and social facilities in the municipality of Dundo, Lunda
press release issued on 7 October by the provincial directorate
of public works and town planning, said the money had been
spent on building a library, a medical post and a primary
said that efforts were being made to complete the construction
of two housing complexes and a government guest house.
further US$4 million was needed for a programme to rehabilitate
facilities in municipalities and communes in the province.
year opened in Lunda Sul
Sozinho Tchiuissa, governor of Lunda Sul Province, officially
opened the 2002-2003 agricultural year in Dala, Lunda Sul
province, on 6 October.
also presented local peasants with hoes, axes, machetes and
maize, rice, beans and groundnut seeds, as well as essential
on behalf of the people of Dala, traditional chief Muacanhica
expressed thanks for the donations and called for the speeding
up of demining in crop areas and more means of production.
governor also spoke to the local population, giving details
of the provincial government’s programme for the next two
to have university branch
da Cunha, governor of Malanje Province, announced on 7 October
that the province would soon have a branch of Agostinho Neto
University, teaching nursing, science and technology.
lack of higher education has long been a problem for young
people, who have to go to other provinces after finishing
provinces that currently have branches of the Luanda-based
university are Benguela, Cabinda, Huambo, Uíge and
vocational education institute in Caála, about 23 km
west of the city of Huambo, is being rehabilitated at an estimated
cost of US$40,000.
Chimuco, director of the institute, said work had started
in late September and involved considerable rebuilding.
thousand five hundred students attend classes at the institute,
the only one in the municipality.
least seven men engaged in illegal elephant hunting were arrested
in the Bicuar National Park, municipality of Quipungo, Huíla
Province, in early October, by wardens from the Institute
of Forestry Development.
Tyamba, provincial director of the institute, said the arrested
men were carrying PKM weapons and had been taken by surprise
in the park in an area frequented by elephants.
said the Insitute of Forestry Development was very worried
about poaching in Bicuar, since they did not have enough wardens,
transport facilities or radio communications for their work.
Bicuar National Park covers an area of 9,700 km2.