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Alangium chinense - (Lour.)Harms.

Author(Lour.)Harms. Botanical references11, 200
FamilyAlangiaceae GenusAlangium
SynonymsAlangium begoniifolium - (Roxb.)Baill.
Marlea begoniifolia - Roxb.
Stylidium chinense - Lour.
Known HazardsNone known
RangeE. Asia - India to C. China
HabitatUpland thickets in W. China[147]. Open places around villages at elevations of 300 - 2400 metres in Nepal[272].
Edibility Rating 0 (1-5) Medicinal Ratingapple iconapple iconapple icon 3 (1-5)

Physical Characteristics

icon of man icon of decid tree An evergreen Tree growing to 8m at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone 9. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires moist soil.

Habitats

Woodland Garden; Secondary;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Blood tonic; Carminative; Contraceptive.

This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[218]. The roots and the stems are a blood tonic, carminative and contraceptive[147]. They are used in the treatment of rheumatism, numbness, traumatic injuries, wounds and snakebites[147]. A decoction of the leafy shoots is said to be tonic[218]. A paste of the roots is applied to the area around dislocated bones to help them setting[272]. The shoot, rootbark and whole plant are all used medicinally[218].

Other Uses

Oil.

An oil extracted from the seeds is used for lighting lamps[272].

Scented Plants

Flowers: Fresh
The small white flowers are sweetly scented.

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil[200]. Requires full sun and a sheltered position[200]. Not very frost tolerant[200], this species is likely to be on the borderlines of hardiness even if obtained from its higher provenances[11]. However, although the top growth will be killed back in all but the mildest winters, the plant will usually resprout from the base in the spring and will usually flower in the summer[245]. These flowers are sweetly scented[245]. This species is closely related to A. platinifolium[200]. Although a fair sized tree in its native habitat, it is unlikely to make more than a shrub more than 2 metres tall in Britain[245]. It does not require pruning[245].

Propagation

Seed - we have no details for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in the spring. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in early summer and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in sand in a frame[200].

Links

References

[11] Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray 1981
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.

[147] ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press 0 ISBN 0-914294-92-X
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.

[200] Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

[218] Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.

[245] Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. 1994 ISBN 0-7090-5440-8
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.

[272] Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. 2002 ISBN 0-88192-527-6
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.

Readers Comments

Alangium chinense

Dr. T. N. Shivananda Mon May 29 2006

I have gone through this web page and gives very useful information on Alangium. I am very much impressed about the information on medicinal preperties and propagation techniques. Dr. T. N. Shivananda Sr. Scientist Indian Inst. Horticultural Research Bangalore 560 089 INDIA

Alangium chinense

Dr. H.N.Shivaprasad Fri Dec 15 2006

Information provided by this web page on Alangium chinense is impressive and very informative Dr. H.N.Shivaprasad Asst. Manager - R & D Natural Remedies Pvt Ltd Bangalore-560100

Alangium chinense

Dr Brijesh Kumar Tiwari Sat Mar 17 2007

i am very much happy to see this web page providing the information about cultivavation and collection of Alangium chinensis

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