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Richard Ofshe
Professor Emeritus


 

Curriculum Vitae

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EDUCATION:

Stanford University - Ph.D. -- 1968, Sociology

Queens College, C.U.N.Y. - M.A. -- 1964, Sociology

Queens College, C.U.N.Y. - B.A. -- 1963, Psychology

Doctoral Dissertation. "A Theory of Behavior Under Conditions of Reference Conflict." Stanford University, 1968.

M.A. Thesis. "Effects of Interaction in Interpersonal Communication." Queens College, C.U.N.Y., 1964.

 

POSITIONS:

Current:

Professor Emeritus (recalled to service), Department of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley, California, 2003 - present.

Fellow, Center On Wrongful Convictions, Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, Illinois, 2002 - present.

 

Former:

Professor, Department of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley, 1981-2002.

Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, University of California. Berkeley, California, 1971-82.

Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University California. Berkeley, California, 1967-71.

Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Stanford University. Stanford, California, Summer 1971.

 

HONORS:

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow, 1973-74.

Pulitzer Prize -- For Public Service, 1979.

Member of the three-person reporting and research group whose work won the award in the name of the Point Reyes Light newspaper.

California Newspaper Association Awards, 1980. Awarded to the Point Reyes Light based in part on my work.

Community Service Award -- for editorials and news stories about state government's failure to regulate Synanon.

Best Editorial Series -- for editorials about state government's failure to regulate Synanon.

Best News Series -- for news coverage of Synanon and state government.

Visiting Scholar. University Center of Georgia, Atlanta, 1982.

Recipient of Roy Dorcus Award for the Best Paper on Clinical Hypnosis of 1994. Awarded by the Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis for "Recovered Memory Therapy and Robust Repression: Influence and Pseudomemories."

 

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS:

American Sociological Association

American Psychological Association

American Psychological Society

Sociological Practice Association

Pacific Sociological Association

 

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES:

Editorial Board of Administrative Science Quarterly, 1970-71.

Editorial Board of Sociometry, 1970-73.

Editorial Board of The American Journal of Sociology, 1972-74.

Committee on the Certification of Social Psychologists of the American Sociological Association, 1968-72.

Chairman, Publications Committee, Social Psychology Section, American Sociological Association, 1975-76.

Faculty Council of the Center for Research in Management Science, University of California, Berkeley, 1975-83.

Chairman, Cooley-Mead Award Selection Committee, American Sociological Association, 1984-85

Member, Editorial Board of Journal of Cultic Studies, 1984-1993.

Director, American Family Foundation, 1989-1993.

Executive Board of the California Chapter of the Sociological Practice Association, 1991-93.

Advisory Board, False Memory Syndrome Foundation, 1992-

 

CONSULTANT TO:

Marin County Sheriff's Department, 1979-80.

Office of Attorney General, State of California, 1980-81.

U.S. Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, 1982.

U.S. Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, 1982 (re:DeLorean)

Office of Attorney General, State of Arizona, 1982-84.

U.S. Department of Justice:

Tax Division, 1982-84.

Criminal Division, 1984-90.

Prosecuting Attorney, Jefferson County, West Virginia, 1984.

Los Angeles District Attorney's Office, 1984-85.

Commissioner's Office of the Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services, State of Vermont, 1984.

Internal Revenue Service, 1986-88.

U.S. Attorney's Office, West Virginia, 1987-91.

Thurston County Prosecutor's Office, Washington, 1990.

State's Attorney's Office, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1992-94.

Office of the Governor of Missouri, 1995 (re: the pardon of Johnny Wilson)

Office of the District Attorney, Los Angeles, 1995 (Menendez)

Illinois State Legislature - task force on recording of interrogations, 2000

Prosecuting Attorney’s Office - Franklin County, Indiana, 2002

Office of the Attorney General, State of California, San Diego, 2003-04

 

PUBLICATIONS:

Books and Monographs:

Ofshe, Richard, with Lynne Ofshe. 1970. Utility and Choice in Social Interaction. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Reprinted by Irvington Publishers, New York.

____, (ed.). 1970. The Sociology of the Possible.

Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

____, (ed.). 1977. The Sociology of the Possible, 2nd Edition. Englewood Cliffs New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

____, (ed.). 1973. Interpersonal Behavior in Small Groups. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

____, with David Mitchell and Cathy Mitchell. 1980. The

Light on Synanon. New York: Seaview Press.

____, with Ethan Watters. 1994. Making Monsters: False

Memories, Psychotherapy and Sexual Hysteria, New York: Charles Scribner's.

________. 1995. Making Monsters: False Memories, Psychotherapy and Sexual Hysteria, London: Andre Deutsch (with a new introduction to the British Edition)

________. 1996. Making Monsters: False Memories,  Psychotherapy and Sexual Hysteria, Munich: DTV (German language translation)

________. 1996. Making Monsters: False Memories, Psychotherapy and Sexual Hysteria, Berkeley, University of California Press.

_____, with Ethan Watters. 1999. Therapy's Delusions, New York: Charles Scribner's.

 

Articles:

Ofshe, Richard, with Ronald Anderson. 1968. “Testing a Measurement Model.” Chapter 9 in Sociological Methodology: 1969, E. Borgatta (ed.), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

____, with Norman Goodman. 1968. “Empathy, Communication Efficiency, and Marital Status.” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 30, No. 4, November.

Reprinted in Social Psychology and Everyday Life. B. Franklin and F. Kohout (eds.), New York: David McKay, 1973.

____, with Arthur Stinchcombe. 1969. “On Journal Editing as a Probabilistic Process.” American Sociologist, Vol. 4, No. 2, May.

____, with Lynne Ofshe. 1969. “Social Choice and Utility in Coalition Formation.” Sociometry, Vol. 32, No. 3, September.

____. 1970. “Cognitive Consistency and Language Behavior.” Human Relations, Vol. 23, No. 2, April.

Reprinted in Interpersonal Behavior in Small Groups, R. Ofshe (ed.), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

____, with Lynne Ofshe. 1970. “Choice Behavior in Coalition Games.” Behavioral Science, Vol. 15, No. 4, July, 1970. Reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Sociology, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973.

Reprinted in Interpersonal Behavior in Small Groups, R. Ofshe (ed.), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

____, with Hamit Fisek. 1970. “The Process of Status Evolution,” Sociometry, Vol. 33, No. 3, September.

Reprinted in Interpersonal Behavior in Small Groups, R. Ofshe (ed.), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

____, with Lynne Ofshe. 1970. “A Comparative Study of Two Scaling Models: Paired Comparisons and Scalogram Analysis.” Sociometry, Vol. 33, No. 4, December.

____. 1971. “The Effectiveness of Pacifist Strategies: A Theoretical Approach.” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 15, No. 2, June. Reprinted in Interpersonal Behavior in Small Groups, R. Ofshe (ed.), Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

____, with Lynne Ofshe. 1971. “A Utility Theory for the Behavior of Three Person Interaction Systems.” in Social Choice, B. Lieberman (ed.), New York: Gordon and Breach.

____, 1972. “Reference and Conflict and Behavior,” Sociological Theories in Progress, Vol. II, J. Berger, M. Zelditch and B. Anderson (eds.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

____, with Lynne Roberts. 1972. “A Utility Based Theory of Decision Making.” Contributions to Experimental Economics, Vol. III, H. Sauermann (ed.), Tubingen, West Germany: J.C.B. Mohr.

____, et al. 1974. “Social Structure and Social Control in Synanon.” Journal of Voluntary Action Research. Vol. 3, No. 3.

____, with Claude Fischer and Mark Baldassare. 1975. “Crowding Studies and Urban Life: A Critical Review.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners, Vol. 41, No. 6, November.

____. “Synanon: The People Business.” C. Glock and R. Bellah (eds.), The New Religious Consciousness, University of California Press.

____, with David V. and Cathy Mitchell. 1978/1979. As Editorial Consultant and Researcher with the Point Reyes Light newspaper, I contributed to the production of over 120 stories and editorials on the Synanon Foundation, Inc.

____. 1980. “The Social Development of the Synanon Cult: The Managerial Strategy of Organizational Transformation.” Sociological Analysis, Vol. 41, 2.

____, with Margaret Lee. 1981. “The Impact of Behavioral Style and Status Characteristics on Influence: A Test of Two Competing Models.” Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 2, June.

____, with Margaret Lee. 1981. “Reply to Greenstein.” Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 4, December.

Ofshe, Richard, with Margaret Lee. 1983. “What Are We to Make of All This?” Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. l, March.

____, with Kenneth Christman. 1986. “A Two-Process Theory of Social Behavior.” Rationality and Collective Belief,

A. Harris (ed.), New York: Ablex.

____, with Margaret Singer. 1986. “Attacks on Peripheral versus Central Elements of Self and the Impact of Thought Reforming­ Techniques: Review and Theoretical Analysis.” Cultic Studies Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1. Reprinted in Tort and Religion, Chicago: American Bar Association, 1989.

____. 1989. “The Rabbi and the Sex Cult.” Cultic Studies Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2.

____. 1989. “Coerced Confessions: The Logic of Seemingly Irrational Action.” Cultic Studies Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1.

____, with Margaret Singer. 1990. “Thought Reform Programs and the Production of Psychiatric Casualties.” Psychiatric Annals, Vol. 20, No. 4, April.

____. 1992. “Coercive Persuasion and Attitude Change.” The Encyclopedia of Sociology, edited by E. Borgatta and M. Borgatta. New York: Macmillan.

____. 1992. “Inadvertent Hypnosis During Interrogation: False Confession Due to Dissociative State; Mis-Identified Multiple Personality and the Satanic Cult Hypothesis.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Vol. 40, No. 3, July.

____, with Ethan Watters. 1993. “Making Monsters.” Society, Vol. 30, 3, March/April.

____, with Ethan Watters. 1993. “More on Making Monsters, Authors Reply.” Society, Vol. 31, No. 1, November/December.

____, with Suzanne Johnson. 1994. “Religious Cults.” Academic American Encyclopedia, Danbury, Connecticut: Grollier.

____. 1994. “Making Grossly Damaging but Avoidable Errors: The Pitfalls of the Olio/Cornell Thesis.” Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 3, 3.

____, with Margaret Singer. 1994. “Recovered Memory Therapy and Robust Repression: Influence and Pseudomemories.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 62, 4, October.

____, 1995. “Ian Hacking's Leaning Tower: Foundations for the Architecture of Analysis,” Metascience, June.

____, with Ethan Watters. 1995. “Beware Americans Bearing Gifts: Introduction to the British Edition of Making Monsters.” In Richard Ofshe and Ethan Watters, Making Monsters, False Memories, Psychotherapy and Sexual Hysteria, London: Andre Deutsch, October.

____, 1995. “I'm Guilty If You Say So,” in Donald Connery (ed.) Convicting the Innocent, Cambridge, Brookline Press.

____, with Richard Leo. 1997. “The Social Psychology of Police Interrogation: The Theory and Classification of True and False Confessions.” Studies in Law, Politics and Society, 16, pp. 189-251.

____, with Richard Leo. 1997. “The Decision to Confess Falsely: Rational Choice and Irrational Action.” Denver University Law Review. "Symposium: An Interdisciplinary Examination of Coercion, Exploitation and the Law. 74, 4, pp. 979-1122.

____, with Richard Leo. 1997. “Missing the Forest for the Trees: A Response to Paul Cassell's `Balanced Approach' to the False Confession Problem." University of Denver Law Review." Symposium: An Interdisciplinary Examination of Coercion, Exploitation and the Law. 74, 4, pp. 1135-1144.

____, with Richard Leo. 1998. “The Consequences of False Confessions: Deprivations of Liberty and Miscarriages of Justice in the Age of Psychological Interrogation." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Northwestern University, School of Law. 88, 2, pp. 429-496.

____, with Richard Leo. 1998. “Using the Innocent to Scapegoat Miranda: Another Reply to Paul Cassell." Journal of Criminology and Criminal Law. Northwestern University, School of Law. 88, 2, pp. 557-578.

____. 2000. "Extreme Influence -- Thought Reform, High Control Groups, Interrogation and Recovered Memory Therapy." The Encyclopedia of Sociology 2nd Edition, edited by E. Borgatta and M. Borgatta. New York: Macmillan.

____ with Richard Leo. 2001. “The Truth About False Confessions.” Criminal Law Bulletin. 37,4, pp.291-370.

 

Presented at Meetings of Scientific Associations:

Ofshe, Richard. 1964. "Effect of Interaction in Interpersonal Communication." American Sociological Association, Montreal, Canada, September.

____, with Norman Goodman. 1965. "Cognitive Consistency and the A-B-X Model." Pacific Sociological Association, Salt lake City, April.

____. 1965. "On the Strategy of Laboratory Simulation." The West Coast Small Groups Conference, Salt lake City, April.

____. 1968. “A Laboratory Method for the Measurement of Identification." American Sociological Association, Boston, September.

____, with Lynne Ofshe. 1969. “A Utility Based Theory of Decision Making." American Sociological Association, Chicago, September.

____, with Lynne Ofshe, 1970. “A Comparative Study of Two Scaling Models: Paired Comparisons and Scalogram Analysis." American Sociological Association, San Francisco, September.

____, with M. Hamit Fisek. 1970. “The Process of Status Evolution." American Sociological Association, San Francisco, September.

____, with Lynne Roberts. 1971. “A Utility Based Theory of Decision Making." Schonberg International Conference on Experimental Economics, Frankfort, West Germany, September.

____. 1971. “The Effectiveness of Pacifist Strategies: A Theoretical Approach." American Sociological Association, New York, September.

____, et al. 1972. “A Model for the Structure of Cognitions of Racial Differences and Evaluations to Planned Social Change.” Russell Sage Foundation Conference on Social Indicator Models, New York, July.

____, et al. 1974 “Social Indicators of Racial Perspectives.” American Sociological Association, Chicago, September.

____. 1979. “The Evolution of the Synanon Cult.” Religion and Political Movements section of the Association for the Study of Religion meetings, Washington, August.

____. 1979. “Some Problems of Doing Controversial Research.” American Sociological Association, Washington, D.C., August.

____. 1980. “Shifts in Opportunities and Accountability and the Regulation of Religious Organizations.” Association for the Study of Religion, New York, August.

____. 1980. “Status Characteristics and Expectation States - A Critical Review.” Thematic Session on Expectation States Research, American Sociological Association, New York, September.

____. 1981. “Theories of Coercive Social Control.” Conference on Conversion, Coercion and Commitment in New Religious Movements, Center for the Study of New Religions, Berkeley, June.

____, with Kenneth Christman and Robert Saltz. 1981. “Obedience to Authority: Re-analysis and Explanation.” American Sociological Association meetings, Toronto, Canada, August.

____. 1981. “The Construction of Behavior Through Out-of-Awareness Influence: An Alternative to Brainwashing Theories.” American Psychological Association, Los Angeles, August.

____. 1981. “Thought Reform and the Appearance of Mental Illness.” American Psychological Association, Los Angeles, September.

____. 1982. “Group Pressure Tactics in Conversion to Terrorism,” American Psychiatric Association, Toronto, Canada, May.

____. 1984. “Problems of Doing Research on Controversial Subjects,” American Sociological Association, San Antonio, August.

____. 1985. “The Rabbi and The Sex Cult,” American Sociological Association, Washington, D.C., August.

____. 1987. “Regulation of Cult Organizations and Prosecution of Cult-generated Crimes,” presented at the First International Congress on Sects and Society, Barcelona, Spain, November.

____. 1988. “Coerced Confessions: Case Studies in The Tactics of Persuasion.” American Sociological Association, Atlanta, August.

____. 1988. “Thought Reforming Interrogations in America,” The Society for the Study of Social Influence, Los Angeles, November.

____. 1989. “Police Brainwashing in America,” Pacific Sociological Association, Las Vegas, April.

Presented at Meetings of Scientific Associations: (continued)

____, 1991. “The Dynamics of Violence Generating Cults,” The Society for Cross Cultural Research, San Juan, Puerto Rico, February.

____, 1991. “Thought Reform - Lurid Fantasy versus Interesting Reality,” Western Psychological Association, San Francisco, April.

____, with Richard Leo. 1991. “The Social Psychology of Coerced Internalized False Confessions,” American Sociological Association, Cincinnati, August.

____. 1993. “Making Monsters - Recovered Memories: Who is Victimizing Who,” STAR, San Juan, Puerto Rico, March.

____. 1993. “Making Monsters: The New Dr. Frankenstein,” TREAT IV Conference, Santa Fe, April.

____. 1993. “Making Monsters: An American Tragedy.” Conference on Memory and Reality: An Emerging Crisis, False Memory Syndrome Foundation, Philadelphia, April.

____. 1993. “Analyzing The Social Structure of Cults and Crisis Decision Making.” American Psychiatric Association, San Francisco, May.

____. 1993. “Making Monsters: The Coming Crisis in Psychiatry.” American Psychiatric Association, San Francisco, May.

____. 1993. “Making Monsters: The Recovered Memory Therapy Crisis,” International Academy of Sex Research, Pacific Grove, California, June.

____. 1994. “The Creation of Illusory Belief,” Claremont Conference on Applied Cognitive Psychology: Suggestibility and the Veracity of Memory, Claremont, March.

____. 1994. “Psychology's Phlogiston -- Robust Repression and Misused Influence: The Recovered Memory Crisis.” Invited keynote address, Wisconsin State Psychological Association, Milwaukee, April.

____. 1994. “The Social Psychology of the Substitution of Belief for Memory, 1994 CSICOP Conference, The Psychology of Belief, Seattle, June.

____. 1994. “The Social Psychology of the Creation of Pseudomemories.” Conference on “Psychological Issues in Child Sexual Abuse Investigations,” Tromso University, Tromso, Norway, August.

____. 1994. “Influence in Psychotherapy: The Big Picture.” Johns Hopkins Medical Institution conference on Memory and Reality: Reconciliation. Scientific and Legal Issues of False Memory Syndrome. Baltimore, Maryland. December.

____. 1997. “Investigating and Analyzing Cult Cases,” presentation to the Third Annual National Legal Seminar on Cult Litigation, Pittsburgh, September.

____. 1997. “The Consequences of False Confessions: Deprivations of Liberty and Miscarriages of Justice in the Age of Psychological Interrogation,” Law and Society Association, St. Louis, Missouri, May.

____. 1999. “Mental Illness, Interrogation and False Confession,” American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Orlando, Florida, February.

____. 2000. “The Decision to Confess Falsely: Measuring Coercive Threats in Interrogation.” American Psychological Association, Division 41, Law and Human Behavior Conference, New Orleans, March.

____ with Richard Leo. 2004 “Psychological Coercion and Unreliable Confessions.” American Society of Criminology, Nashville, Tenn. November.

 

Presented at Judicial Conferences

____. 1994. “Valid Memories or Pseudomemories.” Florida State Supreme Court, Judicial Conference, mini-course for trial and appellate judges, Tampa, Florida, May.

____. 1994. “False Confessions.” Florida State Supreme Court, Judicial Conference, mini-course for trial and appellate judges, Tampa, Florida, May.

____. 1999. “The Interrogation of Juveniles and False

Confessions.” National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges --Centennial of the Juvenile Court, Northwestern University School of Law,Chicago, July.

____. 2000. “The Interrogation of Juveniles Using Modern Methods of Psychological Interrogation.” Conference on Juvenile Justice at Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, March.

____, 2003. “The Psychology of Police Interrogation and False Confession.” Frailties in the Criminal Justice Process: The Judges Role,” National Judicial Institute of Canada, Banff, Alberta, Canada, December.

____, 2004. “Interrogation and Coerced and False Confession.” Annual General Meting of the Ontario Court of Justice, Ottawa, Canada, May

____, 2004. “Interrogation and Confession – True and False,” Science for Judges, A Program for Federal Judges at Brooklyn Law School, New York, November

 

Presented at Meetings of Other Associations and Organizations:

____. 1987. “Cultic Organizations: An Overview,” First International Congress on Sects and Society, Barcelona, Spain, November.

____. 1988. “Synanon: An Example of America's Struggle to Control Cult Violence,” keynote address, Cult Awareness Network Annual Conference, Portland, September.

____. 1988. “Cults, Psychics and Other Psychological Nominators,” California Trial Lawyers Association, Los Angeles, November.

____. 1989. “Tort Liability for Brainwashing - a Debate,” American Bar Association, National Institute - Tort and Religion, San Francisco, May.

____. 1989. “Beyond Civil Liberties: The Real Issues,” Interfaith Coalition of Concern about Cults, New York, May.

____. 1991. “Coercive Persuasion of the Mind in Police Obtained Confessions,” Second Annual Conference - Criminal Defense Litigation Along the Rim and the River. Public Defender's Office, Coconino County, Flagstaff, June.

____. 1991. “Professional Workshop. Sociologists as Expert Witnesses.” American Sociological Association, Cincinnati, August.

____. 1991. “The Use of Psychological, Social and Medical Evidence in Clarifying Cult Issues in Court.” Grand Rounds, Walnut Creek Hospital, Walnut Creek, November.

____. 1993. “Pseudomemories and Real Malpractice.” Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy. San Francisco, September.

____. 1993. “Recovered Memories -- Issues in Criminal and Civil Litigation.” State Judicial Conference. Breckenridge, Colorado, September.

____. 1993. “Coerced False Confessions: The Social Psychology of Extreme Influence.” Alameda County Criminal Defense Bar, Oakland, October.

____. 1993. “Police Interrogation and the Coercion of False Confessions.” Criminal Defense Seminar, St. Petersburg, Florida, October.

____. 1993. “Memories are Made of This.” Conference on Human Memory and Sex Abuse Cases: The Misuse and Abuse of Science. Criminal Lawyers Association, Toronto, Canada, November.

____. 1993. “Influence and the Creation of Believed False Memories.” San Francisco Academy of Hypnosis, San Francisco, December.

____. 1994. “Coerced False Confessions.” Advanced Criminal Law Seminars, Aspen, Colorado, January.

____. 1994. “False Memories and True Malpractice.” Grand Rounds, Walnut Creek Hospital, Walnut Creek, March.

____. 1994. Town Meeting on “False Memory or Recovered Memory.” At the San Francisco Press sponsored by Media Alliance, March.

____. 1994. “Police Interrogation and False Confession.” Death Penalty Resource Center National Training Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, June.

____. 1994. “The Social Psychology of False Confession.” Alaska Academy of Trial Lawyers, Anchorage, Alaska, September.

____. 1994. “The Psychology of Interrogation: Unearthing False Confessions.” The North Carolina Academy of Trial Lawyers. Greensboro, North Carolina, September.

____. 1994. “Beware American's Bearing Gifts: The Spreading Satanic Cult Hysteria.” First Annual Fair Lecture, Fair, London England, October.

____. 1994. “The American Origins of the Recovered Memory Quackery.” Public Lecture for the British False Memory Syndrome Foundation, London, England, October.

____. 1994. “The Recovered Memory Epidemic: Needless Mal-Practice.” 1994 Western Regional Symposium on Child Abuse and Sexual Assault. Eugene, Oregon, November.

____. 1994. “Recovered Memories: Monstrous Misuse of Influence.” Grand Rounds, Alta Bates Hospital, Berkeley, California, October.

____. 1994. “Influence and Creation of Pseudomemories.” Current Topics in the law and Mental Health. Seattle, Washington, November.

____. 1994. “Making Monsters: Dangerous Influences on Psychotherapy.” Continuing Medical Education Conference on Recovered Memories, Trauma and Clinician's Liability: The Impact on Psychotherapy.” San Diego, California. December.

____. 1995. “The Recovered Memory Error: Social Worker Mal-        Practice.” National Association of Social Workers - Northern California Division, Oakland, California, January.

____. 1995. “Recovered Memories: The Coming Mal-Practice Crisis for Psychiatrists and Psychotherapists.” Grand Rounds, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California. February.

____. 1995. “Police Interrogation and Confession.” Capital Case Defense Seminar, California Attorneys for Criminal Justice and California Public Defenders Association, Monterey, California, February.

____. 1995. “False Confession: Decision and Analysis.” Florida Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, 8th Annual Meeting. St. Petersberg, Florida, June.

____. 1995. “Abdication of Professional Responsibility and Sexual Abuse Hysteria.” Child Protectors and Clients: First International Forum, The Netherlands, June.

____. 1995. “Analysis of Coerced and False Confessions,” National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Annual Meeting, Snowmass, Colorado, August.

_____. 1995. “The Case for Recordation of Interrogation.” Principal speaker at a day-long Forum on Convicting the Innocent, Hartford, Connecticut, September.

_____. 1995. “Police Interrogation and False Confession.” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse: The Law, The Science, The Myths, The Reality, Chicago, October.

_____. 1996. “False Confessions by Criminal Suspects.” Seattle Forensic Institute of Washington. February.

____. 1996. “Analyzing Coerced Statements and False Confessions.” Capital Case Defense Seminar, California Attorneys for Criminal Justice and California Public Defenders Association, Monterey, California, February.

____. 1996. “Coerced Confessions.” 15th Annual Juvenile Delinquency Training Seminar, The Los Angeles County Public Defender's Office, Los Angeles, California, April.

____. 1996. “Analyzing Coerced Confessions and Witness Statements.” Oregon Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, Sun River, Oregon, May.

____. 1996. “Recording Interrogations and Miscarriages of Justice.” American Bar Association, Presidential Special Session -- “Miranda at 30: Still Good After All These Years?” Orlando, Florida, August.

____. 1996. “Interrogation and Confessions - True and False.” New York State Defenders Association, Annual Conference, Lake Placid, N.Y., August.

____. 1996. “Police Interrogation and False Confessions,” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse, Las Vegas, Nevada, September.

____. 1996. “Social Change and The False Memory Epidemic.” False Memory Syndrome Foundation Conference, Chicago, Illinois, September.

____. 1996. “Analyzing Coerced and False Confessions.” Chicago, Seminar for the Office of the Public Defender, Chicago, Illinois, September.

____. 1996. “The Scope of the Recovered Memory Public Health Problem,” Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, 16th Annual Conference, Anchorage, Alaska, October.

____. 1997. “The Decision to Confess.” Denver University College of Law Symposium on Coercion, Denver, Colorado, March.

____. 1997. “Analyzing Interrogations and Explaining False Confessions.” Conference of the New Hampshire State Public Defender Organization, Manchester, May.

____. 1997. “The Dangers of False Confessions.” The Texas State Police Officer Association, Amarillo, Texas, June.

____. 1997. “Workshop on Detecting and Avoiding Taking and Relying on False Confessions.” The Texas State Police Officer Association, Amarillo, Texas, June.

____. 1997. “Police Interrogation and False Confessions.” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse, Las Vegas, Nevada, September.

____. 1997. “Why it is Economically and Morally Dangerous to Practice Recovered Memory Therapy.” University Center, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, Colorado, October.

____. 1997. “Why it is Economically and Morally Dangerous to Practice Recovered Memory Therapy.” Mountain Crest Hospital, Fort Collins, Colorado, October.

____. 1997. “False Confessions: Exploring the Last Frontier.” Ohio Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Annual Seminar, Columbus, October.

____. 1997. “Police Interrogation and False Confession.” Missouri State Public Defender System, December.

____. 1998. “Interrogation and Confession.” University of Alabama Law School, February.

____. 1998. “False Confessions.” Alaska Academy of Trial Lawyers, Anchorage, May.

____. 1998. “Police Interrogation Techniques.” “Consequences of False Confession” and “Preparing the Confession Case,” Hamilton county Public Defender's Office, Cincinnati, May.

____. 1998. “Winning False Confession Cases,” Arizona Attorneys for Criminal Justice, Tucson, September.

____. 1998. “Analyzing False Confessions.” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse, Las Vegas, October.

____. 1998. “Teaching Juries How to Analyze Interrogations and False Confessions. “National Conference on Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty, Northwestern University Law School, Chicago, November.

____. 1999. “False Confessions: The Research.” Washington Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Seattle, April.

____. 1999. “Analyzing Coerced and False Confessions.” Chicago, Seminar for the Office of the Public Defender ans Milwaukee criminal defense bar, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August.

____. 1999. “Analyzing Interrogations.” Federal Public Defender Training Group,” Portland, Oregon, August.

____. 1999. “Analyzing Interrogations and Defending the Innocent in False Confession Cases.” California Attorneys for Criminal Justice, Trial Practice Seminar, Asilomar Conference Center, August.

____. 1999. “Analyzing Interrogations and Defending the Innocent in False Confession Cases.” Life Over Death - Florida Public Defenders Organization, Haines City, Florida, October.

____. 1999. “Analyzing Interrogations and Litigating False Confession Cases.” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse, Las Vegas, October.

____. 1999. “The Interrogation of Juveniles and False Confessions.” Juvenile Defender Leadership Summit, Washington, D.C. October.

____. 2000. Seminar on “Expert Witnesses: Recovered Memory/False Memory: Valid or Voodoo.” Telephone Seminar sponsored by the State Bar Association of Texas, February.

____. 2000. “Interrogation Techniques Used by Police on Youths.” Statewide Conference Sponsored by the Juvenile Division of the Los Angeles County Public Defenders Office, Los Angeles, April.

____. 2000. “Police Interrogations, False Confessions and the Impact on Children and the Courts.” Indigent Defense 2000, Redefining Leadership for Equal Justice, United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Washington, D.C., June.

____. 2000. “Analyzing Interrogations and Litigating False Confession Cases.” International Conference on Allegations of Child Abuse, Kansas City, Missouri, September.

____. 2000. “Police Interrogation and Confession.” U.S. Army Trial Defense Service, Tri-Regional Workshop. Las Vegas, Nevada, October.

____, 2000. “Investigating Confession Cases.” Office of the Public Defender, San Francisco, California, October.

____, 2001. “Why Recording Saves Lives.” California Attorneys For Criminal Justice, Capital Defense Seminar. Monterey, California. February.

____, 2001. “Coercion and False Confessions.” National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. Las Vegas, Nevada, February.

____, 2001. “Why People Confess to Things They Didn’t Do.” Nebraska Criminal Defense Attorneys Association. Lincoln, Nebraska, March.

____, 2001. “Interrogation and False Confession.” National Legal

Aid Defenders Association. Albuquerque, New Mexico, March.

____, 2001. “Coerced Confessions: The Decision to Confess Falsely.” New York State Defenders Association. New York, New York, March.

____, 2001. “Coerced Confessions.” Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association. Dallas, Texas, April.

____, 2001. “Coerced Confessions.” Virginia Bar Association, Richmond, Virginia, November.

____, 2002. “Coerced Confessions.”Montana Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Chico Hot Springs, Montana, February.

____, 2002. “Coerced Confessions and Chicago Police.” Conference on the Heirens Case, Center on Wrongful Convictions, Northwestern University Law School, Chicago, March.

____, 2002. “Interrogation Reform.” Wrongful Convictions: A Call to Action,: Harvard Law School, Boston, Mass. April.

____, 2003. “Coerced Confessions.” Inns of Court, Federal Practice Southern District of New York, New York City, January.

____, 2003. “Interrogation and Coerced Confession.” Washington Defender Association, Sun Mountain Lodge, Washington, April.

____, 2003. “Interrogation and Coerced Confession.” Capital Post-Conviction Project of Louisiana, New Orleans, Louisiana, April.

____, 2003. “Interrogation, Coerced and False Confession.” Capital Case Defense Seminar, Washington Defender Association, Gonzaga University, Spokane, Washington, August

____, 2004. Symposium - “The Anatomy of a Murder Confession.” American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Dallas, Texas, February.

____, 2004. “Dealing with the Nightmare Confession Case.” Life in the Balance,” National Legal Aid Defender Association, Memphis, Tennessee, March.

____, 2004. Plenary Session “Interrogation and Confession.” Life in the Balance,” National Legal Aid Defender Association, Memphis, Tennessee, March.

____, 2004. Featured speaker, New York City Bar Association Annual Meeting – “Interrogation and False Confession,” New York City, April.

 

Training for Attorneys and Investigators

____, 2004. Training - “False Confessions: How to Challenge Coercive Interrogations.” Washington Defender Association and the Washington State Criminal justice Training Commission. Seattle, Washington, March

____, 2004. “Confessions - What Defense Investigators Can Effectively Do to Assist Attorneys.” Defense Investigator Training, Kent     Washington, May

 


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