|The Bull Ring: (c.1895)|
1883 - King Edward VI High School
for Girls, New Street, opened.
October Statue of Sir Josiah Mason erected outside Mason
1887 - 22nd
January - Will of Mr.W.Middlemore, leaving £6,200 to
religious institutions, medical charities and public objects.
23rd March - Queen Victoria, with Princess Henry of Battenburg,
lays foundation stone of new Birmingham Assize Court.
October Jubilee of Corporation. P.H.Moore (only surviving
member of the first Town Council) is given freedom of the city.
1889 - Birmingham Mail Christmas
Tree Fund established.
Ansells become a Limited Company.
Re-building of the Old Crown, Broad Street.
14th January - Birmingham became a city. Letters patent
granting Royal Charter Conferring title of "city".
Foundation stone of new Post Office laid.
27th March - Death of John Bright.
3rd April - City Arms granted by College of Arms.
12th May - Death of John Cadbury.
July - Shah of Persia visited Birmingham.
12th August - Bill confirming Birmingham Electric Lighting Order
receives Royal assent.
Birmingham Electric Supply Co. formed
1890 - 10th April Inaugural dinner
of Liberal Unionist Club - speech by Joseph Chamberlain.
July - First electric tram runs on Bristol Road.
11th August - Death of Cardinal John Henry Newman.
September - Completion of first municipal houses, in Ryder Street.
7th November - Muntz Trust founded by the executors of the deed of
George Frederick Muntz of Umberslade - intended for medical and urgical
23rd December -New
Post Office opened.
1891 - 19th
January - First Municipal Technical School, at Midland
12th July - Victoria
Law Courts opened by Prince & Princess of Wales.
9th November - Boundary extension to include parts of Harborne,
Balsall Heath, Saltley and Little Bromwich/Ward End.
1892 - 12th August
- Archdeaconary of Birmingham approved by the Queen.
1894 - 11th July
- Opening of new Technical School, Whitehead Road, Aston.
8th September - Foundation Stone of General Hospital, Steelhouse
Lane laid by Duke & Duchess of York.
1895 - "The People's Hall", Hurst
13th December -
New Technical School, Suffolk Street, opened by Duke of Devonshire, K.G.
1896 - Rover Cycle Company made a
18th March -
First public trial of "horseless carriage" or motor car at Cannon Hill
20th May - First Lord Mayor
of Birmingham - Councillor James Smith.
August - Confetti first introduced into England - Moseley
1st August -
Last original houses in the Old Square demolished.
17th November -
Davenport's Brewery incorporated as a limited company.
26th November - King Edward V1 new High School for Girls opened on
site of 'Hen & Chickens Hotel, New Street.
1897 -Aston Villa F.C. Move to Villa
Webley & Scott Revolver & Arms Company founded.
22nd June - Diamond Jubilee Day - grand historic procession with
William, Fitz Anscult (Lord of Birmingham in Domesday).
7th July - General Hospital opened by Princess Christian,
accompanied by Princess Victoria.
- Dedication of new west window in St.Philip's Church in memory of Bishop
Bowlby - designed by Burne-Jones.
October - New Birmingham Meat Market with hanging room for
3000 sides of beef.
National Telephone Company Headquarters opened, 19 Newhall Street.
1st December - Christ Church, Colmore Row, closed and sold to
Cregoe-Colmore Family trustees.
1898 - Birmingham Union of Girls
Clubs founded by Dame Elizabeth Cadbury. Later - Birmingham Association
of Girls & Mixed Clubs, then becoming Birmingham Association of Youth
26th September -
Escape of lion from Wombwell's menagerie at Onion Fair, near Aston
Brook. At large for 36 hours.
1899 - 13th June Cadbury Brothers
formed as a public limited company.
October - Tower of Varieties & Circus' opened by Councillor
Marsh. Became the 'Tivoli' (20th August 1900) then the 'Hippodrome'
|Birmingham Town Hall c.1890|
1900 -24th March - Royal Charter
founding the University of Birmingham.
December - Bournville Village Trust founded by George Cadbury.
1901 - 10th
January - Marble statue of Queen Victoria unveiled in New
Street. (Now Victoria Square).
- Lyceum Theatre, John Bright Street opened. (Later The 'Alexandra Theatre').
1902 - First Test Match at Edgbaston
ground: England vs Australia.
GKN formed with amalgamation of
Nettlefolds and Guest & Co. South Wales. Guest company had already
amalgamated with Dowlais Iron Co. of South Wales, and Patent Nut & Bolt
Co. of Smethwick.
Stewarts & Lloyds Tube conglomerate formed.
8th February - Brinsley Bequest implemented, i.e. City of
Birmingham made Trusteesof the estate.
- Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage & Wagon Company Formed.
9th August - To celebrate the Coronation of Edward V11 -Birmingham
Council House and Town Hall illuminated; momentos presented to every
child attending public elementary schools.
22nd December - The Lyceum Theatre becomes the ‘Alexandra’
when taken over by Lester Collingwood.
1903 - 1st June -Buffalo Bill’s Wild
West Show visits Birmingham.
- Alexandra Pearl Standing Bear, daughter of the chief interpreter of the
Sioux nation, born in Birmingham. 23rd June
- Visit of HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, to lay Foundation
stone of Rowton House.
Tivoli Theatre changes name to ‘Hippodrome’.
1904 - 4th
January - Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence tramway at
Aston Road North.
21st July -
Elan Valley water supply opened by King Edward V11 & Queen Alexandra.
November -Birmingham & Midland Motor Omnibus Company (Midland Red)
1905 - Moneyhull Estate purchased by
Birmingham, Aston & Kings Norton Joint Committee. Brittanic Assurance
Company formed. (Previously, British Workmen’s Mutual Assurance
13th January - Diocese
of Birmingham founded.
- Longbridge factory set up by Herbert Austin.
1906 - Birmingham City Football Club
move to St.Andrew’s ground.
- Visit of His Imperial Highness, Duke Tsai Tse and members of the Chinese
Special Commission to the Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage &
30th September -
Last horse-drawn tram (in Nechells).
December - All steam trams withdrawn overnight and replaced
by electric cars.
1908 - Moneyhull home for epileptics
and ‘feeble-minded’ opened.
March - Hamstead Colliery disaster.
19th December - First Roller Skating Rink in Birmingham opened in
1909 - July
- Moor Street Station (temporary building) opened. (Permanent building 1914).
7th July - Main University of Birmingham buildings opened by King
Edward V11 and Queen Alexandra.
- City boundary extension to include Quinton.
1910 - 30th
July - Electric Theatre, Station Street, first cinema in
1911 - ‘Golden Lion’ public house
taken down, rebuilt in Cannon Hill Park. Warwickshire County Cricket
Club win their first County Championship.
22nd June - Town Hall illuminated for Coronation of King
George V. July First electric tram in Handsworth.
9th November - Boundary extension under the Greater Birmingham Act,
to include Borough of Aston Manor, Erdington U.D, Handsworth U.D,
Yardley U.D, and most of Kings Norton and Northfield U.Ds.
1913 - 15th
February - Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Station Street,
opened with a production of"Twelfth Night".
23rd April - Visit of HRH Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, to
lay foundation stone of Children’s Hospital, and unveil statue of King
31st May - First
Town Planning Scheme in England approved by Ministry, Quinton, Harborne
19th July -
Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence first motor omnibus service -
from Selly Oak to Rednal.
1914 - Birmingham Citizens Committee
set up. Moor Street Station opened, replacing temporary structure
erected 1909. 2nd July - Death of
Joseph Chamberlain. Buried in Key Hill Cemetery 6th July.
August - HMS Birmingham sinks first German U-boat in the war.
1916 - 29th
September - Municipal Bank (Birmingham Corporation Savings
Bank) in basement of Water Hall.
1917 - Fort Dunlop established.
1918 - First Labour Member of
Parliament for Birmingham - Eldred Hallas elected.
1919 - City of Birmingham Orchestra
founded. Lickey Hills donated to city by Cadbury family. Tube
Investments registered as a public company.
15th August - Birmingham Municipal Bank established on a
permanent basis by the Birmingham Corporation Bill. (Previously
Birmingham Corporation Savings Bank).
1920 First traffic islands erected
temporarily. (1,150 by March 1935).
September - First City of Birmingham Orchestra concert, at
Theatre Royal. Appleby Matthews conducting.
10th November - First City of Birmingham Symphony concert at
the Town Hall.
1924 - First covered top deck bus
H.P. Sauce becomes a public company.
1925 - British Industries Fair at
4th July - Hall
of Memory opened by Prince Arthur of Connaught.
5th November - Formation of Birmingham COPEC House Improvement
|St. Martins Church in Victorian times|
1926 - Imperial Chemical Industries
formed. (Mostly non-Birmingham firms except ICI Metals, formerly
1927 - First Greyhound Racing Track
- Hall Green Stadium.
- Birmingham end of the Wolverhampton to Birmingham Road opened by Edward,
Prince of Wales.
Birmingham Federation of Boys Clubs formed.
1st April - Boundary extension to include part of Perry Barr
December 'Sons of Rest' movement begun in Handsworth Park.
1929 - Hams Hall Power Station
1930 - Birmingham Film Society set
up. First Empire Shop. Blood Transfusion Service inaugurated. First
"Odeon" cinema opened at Perry Barr by Oscas Deutsche.
April - Birmingham Council for Community Associations set up.
1st April - Functions of Guardians of the Poor are transferred to
Birmingham City Council, who take responsibility for the adminstration
of poor relief following Local Government Act of 1929.
1931 - Boundary extension to include
part of Solihull Parish and parts of Castle Bromwich and Sheldon
June - Tornado in Small
1932 - Blakesley Hall acquired by
Corporation. Town & Country Planning Act.
1933 - 5th
June - One-way traffic system came into operation.
October - Poem 'Birmingham' written by Louis MacNiece.
27th November - New Municipal Bank Headquarters opened by Prince
George, Duke of Kent.
1934 - Weoley Castle scheduled as an
Birmingham Airport Committee set up.
1935 - Fire Brigade Headquarters
opened by HRH Duke of Kent.
Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime
Birmingham Corporation Bill.
October - Blakesley Hall opened
1936 - B.S.A. Resume gun
1st August - New
Coat of Arms granted.
Community Hall, Billesley Farm Estate, opened by City Council. Duddeston
& Nechells Redevelopment Scheme.
Recruitment of ARP volunteers.
Second HMS Birmingham completed.
Auxiliary Fire Service set up.
1937 - 12th
May - Coronation of King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth.
Forces march through Victoria Square. September
- Paramount Theatre, New Street (Later the Odeon) opened.
1938 - 27th June Foundation stone of
new Civic Centre laid by Lord Mayor, Councillor Ernest Canning.
July - Pageant of Birmingham at Aston Park.
Visit by Duke of
Duchess of Gloucester.
Celebrations marked the centenary of
incorporation of the borough.
26th July -
Resolution passed enabling General Purposes & Libraries Committee to
advertise for plans for a new library building. Nothing came of this due
to the onset of war
1939 - Baskerville House completed.
1st March - Queen Elizabeth Hospital opened by King George V1 &
20th June -
Municipal house erected. Celebrated by opening of a house in Fellmeadow
Road, Lea Hall Estate, Yardley by the Lord Mayor, Alderman J.Crump.
1st July - Birmingham Airport opened by HRH Duchess of Kent; Rt
Hon. Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, also present.
1st September - Approximately 75000 Birmingham schoolchildren
4th September -
Birmingham Food Committee set up.
December - National Savings Campaign launched in Birmingham.
May Local Defence Volunteers.
- Civic Guard "Citizens Army" formed.
8th August - First air-raid on Birmingham - on Erdington.
24th October - Marshall & Snellgrove store gutted in air raid.
December - Empire Theatre destroyed by bombs.
11th December - 13 hour air raid over city. King George V1 inspects
damage next day
1941 - 'When We Build Again' -
Report of Bournville Village Trust on the need for a Green Belt.
1945 - May
VE Day celebrations across city.
- King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth visit city.
1946 - Last Spitfire leaves Castle
Bromwich Factory. Number PK 726
Sarehole Mill bequethed to the city.
November - First Labour controlled Council in Birmingham.
Midland Cricket Conference set up.
1948 - Birmingham replaces Glasgow
as Britain's 'Second City' with a population of 1,096,000.
Birmingham & District Theatre Guild founded.
1950 - February First hole-in-the
heart operation in England performed at Birmingham Children's Hospital.
3rd June - First passenger train at Harborne Stations since 1934.