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Chronology of Birmingham 1883 - 1950
 

Birmingham or Brummagem ? - 144 different names for Birmingham.

The Bull Ring: (c.1895)
The Bull Ring: (c.1895)
1883-1899

1883 - King Edward VI High School for Girls, New Street, opened.

1885 - October Statue of Sir Josiah Mason erected outside Mason Science College.

1887 - 22nd January - Will of Mr.W.Middlemore, leaving £6,200 to religious institutions, medical charities and public objects.
23rd March - Queen Victoria, with Princess Henry of Battenburg, lays foundation stone of new Birmingham Assize Court.

1888 - October Jubilee of Corporation. P.H.Moore (only surviving member of the first Town Council) is given freedom of the city.

1889 - Birmingham Mail Christmas Tree Fund established.
Ansells become a Limited Company.
Re-building of the Old Crown, Broad Street.
14th January - Birmingham became a city. Letters patent granting Royal Charter Conferring title of "city".
March Foundation stone of new Post Office laid.
27th March - Death of John Bright.
3rd April - City Arms granted by College of Arms.
12th May - Death of John Cadbury.
11th July - Shah of Persia visited Birmingham.
12th August - Bill confirming Birmingham Electric Lighting Order receives Royal assent.
December - Birmingham Electric Supply Co. formed

1890 - 10th April Inaugural dinner of Liberal Unionist Club - speech by Joseph Chamberlain.
July - First electric tram runs on Bristol Road.
11th August - Death of Cardinal John Henry Newman.
September - Completion of first municipal houses, in Ryder Street.
7th November - Muntz Trust founded by the executors of the deed of George Frederick Muntz of Umberslade - intended for medical and urgical Charities.
23rd December -New Post Office opened.

1891 - 19th January - First Municipal Technical School, at Midland Institute.
12th July - Victoria Law Courts opened by Prince & Princess of Wales.
9th November - Boundary extension to include parts of Harborne, Balsall Heath, Saltley and Little Bromwich/Ward End.

1892 - 12th August - Archdeaconary of Birmingham approved by the Queen.

1894 - 11th July - Opening of new Technical School, Whitehead Road, Aston.
8th September - Foundation Stone of General Hospital, Steelhouse Lane laid by Duke & Duchess of York.

1895 - "The People's Hall", Hurst Street opened.
13th December - New Technical School, Suffolk Street, opened by Duke of Devonshire, K.G.

1896 - Rover Cycle Company made a limited company.
18th March - First public trial of "horseless carriage" or motor car at Cannon Hill Park.
20th May - First Lord Mayor of Birmingham - Councillor James Smith.
August - Confetti first introduced into England - Moseley Botanical Gardens.
1st August - Last original houses in the Old Square demolished.
17th November - Davenport's Brewery incorporated as a limited company.
26th November - King Edward V1 new High School for Girls opened on site of 'Hen & Chickens Hotel, New Street.

1897 -Aston Villa F.C. Move to Villa Park.
Webley & Scott Revolver & Arms Company founded.
22nd June - Diamond Jubilee Day - grand historic procession with William, Fitz Anscult (Lord of Birmingham in Domesday).
7th July - General Hospital opened by Princess Christian, accompanied by Princess Victoria.
6th October - Dedication of new west window in St.Philip's Church in memory of Bishop Bowlby - designed by Burne-Jones.
27th October - New Birmingham Meat Market with hanging room for 3000 sides of beef.
November - National Telephone Company Headquarters opened, 19 Newhall Street.
1st December - Christ Church, Colmore Row, closed and sold to Cregoe-Colmore Family trustees.

1898 - Birmingham Union of Girls Clubs founded by Dame Elizabeth Cadbury. Later - Birmingham Association of Girls & Mixed Clubs, then becoming Birmingham Association of Youth Clubs, (BAYC).
26th September - Escape of lion from Wombwell's menagerie at Onion Fair, near Aston Brook. At large for 36 hours.

1899 - 13th June Cadbury Brothers formed as a public limited company.
9th October - Tower of Varieties & Circus' opened by Councillor Marsh. Became the 'Tivoli' (20th August 1900) then the 'Hippodrome'

Birmingham Town Hall c.1890
Birmingham Town Hall c.1890
1900 - 1925

1900 -24th March - Royal Charter founding the University of Birmingham.
14th December - Bournville Village Trust founded by George Cadbury.

1901 - 10th January - Marble statue of Queen Victoria unveiled in New Street. (Now Victoria Square).
27th May - Lyceum Theatre, John Bright Street opened. (Later The 'Alexandra Theatre').

1902 - First Test Match at Edgbaston ground: England vs Australia.
GKN formed with amalgamation of Nettlefolds and Guest & Co. South Wales. Guest company had already amalgamated with Dowlais Iron Co. of South Wales, and Patent Nut & Bolt Co. of Smethwick.
Stewarts & Lloyds Tube conglomerate formed.
8th February - Brinsley Bequest implemented, i.e. City of Birmingham made Trusteesof the estate.
April - Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage & Wagon Company Formed.
9th August - To celebrate the Coronation of Edward V11 -Birmingham Council House and Town Hall illuminated; momentos presented to every child attending public elementary schools.
22nd December - The Lyceum Theatre becomes the ‘Alexandra’ when taken over by Lester Collingwood.

1903 - 1st June -Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show visits Birmingham.
7th June - Alexandra Pearl Standing Bear, daughter of the chief interpreter of the Sioux nation, born in Birmingham. 23rd June - Visit of HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, to lay Foundation stone of Rowton House.
October - Tivoli Theatre changes name to ‘Hippodrome’.

1904 - 4th January - Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence tramway at Aston Road North.
21st July - Elan Valley water supply opened by King Edward V11 & Queen Alexandra. November -Birmingham & Midland Motor Omnibus Company (Midland Red) formed.

1905 - Moneyhull Estate purchased by Birmingham, Aston & Kings Norton Joint Committee. Brittanic Assurance Company formed. (Previously, British Workmen’s Mutual Assurance Company).
13th January - Diocese of Birmingham founded.
November - Longbridge factory set up by Herbert Austin.

1906 - Birmingham City Football Club move to St.Andrew’s ground.
14th May - Visit of His Imperial Highness, Duke Tsai Tse and members of the Chinese Special Commission to the Metropolitan Amalgamated Railway Carriage & Wagon Company.
30th September - Last horse-drawn tram (in Nechells).
31st December - All steam trams withdrawn overnight and replaced by electric cars.

1908 - Moneyhull home for epileptics and ‘feeble-minded’ opened.
4th March - Hamstead Colliery disaster.
19th December - First Roller Skating Rink in Birmingham opened in Monument Road.

1909 - July - Moor Street Station (temporary building) opened. (Permanent building 1914).
7th July - Main University of Birmingham buildings opened by King Edward V11 and Queen Alexandra.
16th August - City boundary extension to include Quinton.

1910 - 30th July - Electric Theatre, Station Street, first cinema in Birmingham opened.

1911 - ‘Golden Lion’ public house taken down, rebuilt in Cannon Hill Park. Warwickshire County Cricket Club win their first County Championship.
22nd June - Town Hall illuminated for Coronation of King George V. July First electric tram in Handsworth.
9th November - Boundary extension under the Greater Birmingham Act, to include Borough of Aston Manor, Erdington U.D, Handsworth U.D, Yardley U.D, and most of Kings Norton and Northfield U.Ds.

1913 - 15th February - Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Station Street, opened with a production of"Twelfth Night". 23rd April - Visit of HRH Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, to lay foundation stone of Children’s Hospital, and unveil statue of King Edward V11.
31st May - First Town Planning Scheme in England approved by Ministry, Quinton, Harborne & Edgbaston.
19th July - Birmingham Corporation Tramways commence first motor omnibus service - from Selly Oak to Rednal.

1914 - Birmingham Citizens Committee set up. Moor Street Station opened, replacing temporary structure erected 1909. 2nd July - Death of Joseph Chamberlain. Buried in Key Hill Cemetery 6th July.
August - HMS Birmingham sinks first German U-boat in the war.

1916 - 29th September - Municipal Bank (Birmingham Corporation Savings Bank) in basement of Water Hall.

1917 - Fort Dunlop established.

1918 - First Labour Member of Parliament for Birmingham - Eldred Hallas elected.

1919 - City of Birmingham Orchestra founded. Lickey Hills donated to city by Cadbury family. Tube Investments registered as a public company.
15th August - Birmingham Municipal Bank established on a permanent basis by the Birmingham Corporation Bill. (Previously Birmingham Corporation Savings Bank).

1920 First traffic islands erected temporarily. (1,150 by March 1935).
5th September - First City of Birmingham Orchestra concert, at Theatre Royal. Appleby Matthews conducting.
10th November - First City of Birmingham Symphony concert at the Town Hall.

1924 - First covered top deck bus used.
H.P. Sauce becomes a public company.

1925 - British Industries Fair at Castle Bromwich.
4th July - Hall of Memory opened by Prince Arthur of Connaught.
5th November - Formation of Birmingham COPEC House Improvement Society

St. Martins Church in Victorian times
St. Martins Church in Victorian times
1926 - 1950

1926 - Imperial Chemical Industries formed. (Mostly non-Birmingham firms except ICI Metals, formerly Kynochs).

1927 - First Greyhound Racing Track - Hall Green Stadium.
2nd November - Birmingham end of the Wolverhampton to Birmingham Road opened by Edward, Prince of Wales.

1928- Birmingham Federation of Boys Clubs formed.
1st April - Boundary extension to include part of Perry Barr U.D.
December 'Sons of Rest' movement begun in Handsworth Park.

1929 - Hams Hall Power Station opened.

1930 - Birmingham Film Society set up. First Empire Shop. Blood Transfusion Service inaugurated. First "Odeon" cinema opened at Perry Barr by Oscas Deutsche.
April - Birmingham Council for Community Associations set up.
1st April - Functions of Guardians of the Poor are transferred to Birmingham City Council, who take responsibility for the adminstration of poor relief following Local Government Act of 1929.

1931 - Boundary extension to include part of Solihull Parish and parts of Castle Bromwich and Sheldon Parishes.
June - Tornado in Small Heath area.

1932 - Blakesley Hall acquired by Corporation. Town & Country Planning Act.

1933 - 5th June - One-way traffic system came into operation.
October - Poem 'Birmingham' written by Louis MacNiece.
27th November - New Municipal Bank Headquarters opened by Prince George, Duke of Kent.

1934 - Weoley Castle scheduled as an ancient monument.
Birmingham Airport Committee set up.

1935 - Fire Brigade Headquarters opened by HRH Duke of Kent.
Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister.
Birmingham Corporation Bill.
October - Blakesley Hall opened

1936 - B.S.A. Resume gun manufacturing.
1st August - New Coat of Arms granted.
November - Community Hall, Billesley Farm Estate, opened by City Council. Duddeston & Nechells Redevelopment Scheme.
Recruitment of ARP volunteers.
Second HMS Birmingham completed.
Auxiliary Fire Service set up.

1937 - 12th May - Coronation of King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth. Forces march through Victoria Square. September - Paramount Theatre, New Street (Later the Odeon) opened.

1938 - 27th June Foundation stone of new Civic Centre laid by Lord Mayor, Councillor Ernest Canning.
July - Pageant of Birmingham at Aston Park.
Visit by Duke of Duchess of Gloucester.
Celebrations marked the centenary of incorporation of the borough.
26th July - Resolution passed enabling General Purposes & Libraries Committee to advertise for plans for a new library building. Nothing came of this due to the onset of war

1939 - Baskerville House completed.
1st March - Queen Elizabeth Hospital opened by King George V1 & Queen Elizabeth.
20th June - Municipal house erected. Celebrated by opening of a house in Fellmeadow Road, Lea Hall Estate, Yardley by the Lord Mayor, Alderman J.Crump.
1st July - Birmingham Airport opened by HRH Duchess of Kent; Rt Hon. Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, also present.
1st September - Approximately 75000 Birmingham schoolchildren evacuated.
4th September - Birmingham Food Committee set up.
12th December - National Savings Campaign launched in Birmingham.

1940 - May Local Defence Volunteers.
11th June - Civic Guard "Citizens Army" formed.
8th August - First air-raid on Birmingham - on Erdington.
24th October - Marshall & Snellgrove store gutted in air raid.
December - Empire Theatre destroyed by bombs.
11th December - 13 hour air raid over city. King George V1 inspects damage next day

1941 - 'When We Build Again' - Report of Bournville Village Trust on the need for a Green Belt.

1945 - May VE Day celebrations across city.
7th November - King George V1 and Queen Elizabeth visit city.

1946 - Last Spitfire leaves Castle Bromwich Factory. Number PK 726
Sarehole Mill bequethed to the city.
November - First Labour controlled Council in Birmingham.

1947 - Midland Cricket Conference set up.

1948 - Birmingham replaces Glasgow as Britain's 'Second City' with a population of 1,096,000.
Birmingham & District Theatre Guild founded.

1950 - February First hole-in-the heart operation in England performed at Birmingham Children's Hospital.
3rd June - First passenger train at Harborne Stations since 1934.


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Last updated - Monday 6 November 2006 Return to Top | Printer Friendly