Basic Budgie Mutations
This is just a very basic guide to budgie mutations. Pet budgies aren't usually bred to be up to the strict standards for certain mutations but by looking at this page you can get a good idea of what category your budgie falls into. Keep in mind that a budgie can have a combination of some these traits.
Covered in this Page: Normals, Yellowfaces, Recessive Pieds, Dominant Pieds, Clearflight Dominant Pied, Doublefactor Dominant Pieds, Albinos, Yellowface Albinos, Lutinos, Dark-Eyed Clears, Opalines, Spangles, Greywings, Clearwings, Dilutes, Cinnamons, and Lacewings



Normal: This is the "original" budgie color; the color of budgies in the wild. The body is deep green, face bright yellow, and the tail is a dark blue color. They have black markings behind the head going down their back and also on their wings.

Due to selective breeding, you can find "normal" budgies in many shades other than green. The pattern of their markings will be the same but their body can be one of many other colors including blue, grey, or violet. In green birds (i.e. colors that are variations of green) the face will be yellow. In blue birds the face will usually be white.




Yellowface Budgies: Usually blue budgies have white faces and green budgies have yellow faces. Sometimes, however, you will find a blue (or grey) budgie with a yellow face and these are generally referred to as yellowfaced blues (or greys). There are two types of yellowface budgies

*Type 1 Yellowface:
These birds are a shade of blue (this includes grey) with a yellow face.

*Type 2 Yellowface:
These birds are actually still blue with a yellow face. The difference is that they also have a yellow cast over the rest of the body making them appear a light green color instead of a more distinct, darker green. (Remember learning that mixing yellow and blue makes green as a child?)






Recessive Pied: No two pieds are exactly alike and the recessive pied is one of my favorite mutations. Unlike normal budgies, recessive pieds have two colors on the body. Usually this is a mix of some shade of blue with white or a shade of green with yellow. These colors are very "splotchy" in appearance and usually follow no set pattern. Their wing markings are also very inconsistent. Unlike normal budgies, recessive pieds will never develop an iris ring. (The iris ring is the light colored ring around the pupil of the eye which usually develops around 12 months of age.) Another interesting fact about recessive pieds is that the males do not get a blue cere when they mature. Instead, their cere will become pink.




Dominant Pied: Dominant pied budgies often have a very characteristic "spot" on the back of the head right in the middle of their markings. Like the recessive pieds, their bodies sport two colors instead of one. Sometimes they will have a band of color across the stomach separating another color. (See the pictures below if you're confused.) Dominant pied budgies do develop iris rings and the males do get bright blue ceres just like normal budgies.

*Clearflights: If your pied budgie has the white/yellow spot on the back of the head, white/yellow flight feathers (longer feathers on the wings) and a white/yellow tail, it is a clearflight.

*Doublefactor Dominant Pieds: These birds will be marked much more like a recessive pied. Sometimes their bodies are almost completely one color (the same color that is on their head). Doublefactor dominant pied budgies do have iris rings. If you have a budgie that looks recessive pied but develops iris rings, chances are you have a double factor dominant pied. Like the recessive pied, the males of this mutation sometimes develop a pink cere rather than blue. (A blue cere is still possible in the males of this mutation.)








Albino: Albino budgies are solid white birds with red eyes. Males develop pink ceres rather than blue. Under bright lighting, albinos sometimes show a light blue or greenish tinge to their feathers.

*Yellowface Albino: These are all-white (or white with a light yellow cast) budgies with a light yellow color on the face. The eyes are red. They are also called "Creamino."




Lutino: Lutino budgies are yellow and often have white cheek patches as well as white primary feathers (the longer feathers on the wings). In this mutation, males devleop pink ceres rather than blue.




Dark-Eyed Clear: Dark-eyed clear budgies are a solid color just like an albino or lutino but instead of having red eyes, their eyes are dark like those of other budgies.





Wing Markings


Opaline: Opaline budgies have markings only on their wings but none on the head or back. (They may appear to have faint markings on the back of the head but these are not distinct like the markings on the wings.) Most opaline budgies are female.




Spangle: The markings on the wings of most budgies are dark edged in light. Spangles, however, have "backwards" wing markings. They are light edged with dark.




Greywing: Greywing budgies are just what they sound like; budgies with grey wing markings instead of black. Their bodies will also be about 50% lighter than usual.




Clearwing: Clearwings are easy to confuse with greywings as their wing markings are light colored. The difference is that a clearwing budgie's body color remains strong.




Dilute: Dilute budgies have very light markings and light body colors.




Cinnamon: Cinnamon budgies have brown-colored markings instead of black. Most cinnamon budgies are female.





Lacewing: Lacewing budgies look like albinos (all white with red eyes) or lutinos (all yellow with red eyes). However, they also have brown markings as well as a brown tail. The budgie below is a yellow lacewing, you can see her very faint brown markings and tail in the photo.



Coming Soon Eventually: A guide to naming the different shades of colors your budgie can have and an advanced guide to mutations.