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Issue 1:2

ISSN: 1534-3057

The Journal of Biblical Studies

Apr-Jun 2001                                                                                                                Vol.1  No. 2

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  • Articles 

 Reading religious artifacts: The shrine room at Judahite Tell Halif by Paul Jacobs Ph.D

ABSTRACT:
If we are to gain better understanding of peoples of the ancient world, non-Yahwistic religious artifacts found in Judahite settings must be understood in their own right as expressions of human concern to interpret reality, rather than as illegitimate Yahwism or as syncretistic forms of Yahwism.  Here ritual materials, including a pillar figurine and an incense stand found in an 8th century BCE house at Tell Halif, are used to argue that multiple religious expressions were practiced by Judahites in their quest to comprehend their world.

The History of Israel in the Current Research by DA SILVA, A. J.

ABSTRACT:
This article surveys
some perspectives in the current research of the "History of Israel", the challenges that this poses, and proposes some trajectories for those researching this subject. The scholarly consensus that existed up until the middle seventies of the twentieth century was shattered. The rationalistic paraphrase of the biblical text that constituted the core of the handbooks of the "History of Israel" is no longer acceptable to most scholars. An increasing number of scholars question the use of the biblical text as a source for the “History of Israel”. The implementation of modern literary criticism on the biblical text requires a moving away from issues of historicity, and this allows the "biblical" stories to be evaluated primarily from a literary perspective. The writing of a "History of Israel" using only the archaeological context and non-biblical writings is a controversial undertaking, however, an increasing number of scholars are attempting to do this.  It appears a revisionist “History of Syria/Palestine" will compete against the traditional "History of Israel" as scholars from both sides continue their research.

Este artigo quer traçar um panorama das mudanças pelas quais vem passando a  “História de Israel” nos últimos anos, apontar as dificuldades que a crise vem criando e propor algumas pistas de leitura para os interessados no assunto. O consenso existente até meados da década de 70 do século XX foi rompido. A paráfrase racionalista do texto bíblico que constituía a base dos manuais de “História de Israel” não é mais aceita. O uso dos textos bíblicos como fonte para a “História de Israel” é questionado por muitos. O uso de métodos literários sofisticados para explicar os textos bíblicos, afasta-nos cada vez mais do gênero histórico, e as “estórias bíblicas”  são abordadas  com outros olhares. A construção de uma “História de Israel” feita somente a partir da arqueologia e dos testemunhos escritos extrabíblicos é uma proposta cada vez mais tentadora. Uma “História de Israel e dos Povos Vizinhos”, melhor, uma “História da Síria/Palestina” ou uma “História do Levante” parece ser o programa para os próximos anos.

Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia. Edited by Aron Dotan.  Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 2001. Reviewed by Kevin W. Woodruff