- October 1, 1888 - the birthdate of Bulgarian
university education. The provisional statute recognised only one Faculty,
that of History and Philology.
- The 1889/1890 academic year witnessed the foundation of the
Department of Physics and Mathematics.
- A new Law on Higher Education was passed in 1894. Among the
motifs for it are the scholarly and academic prestige of the School in
other countries "where it is officially recognised as a university...". The
School of Higher Education comprises three Faculties: History and Philology,
Physics and Mathematics, and Law. The duration of study is specified
as three-four years. Faculty and Academic Councils, as well as student
scientific societies are established. Procedures of graduation envisage
defence of Diploma Thesis. The structure and organisation of the School
of Higher Education is based on the principles of academic autonomy which
makes it compatible with established foreign universities. Among its governing
principles are democracy, self-rule, free admission for talented and gifted
students from all social groups, academic ethical code.
- The year 1900 saw the first issue of the University year
Book which contained publications of university professors and regulations
for the functioning of the University Library.
- In 1904 the School is transformed into a University.
This sets the beginning of a new period in the development of higher education
in Bulgaria. New lecturers are appointed and they are bearers of great
public respect. The following years witness the opening of new Faculties
- of Medicine, Agriculture, Forestry, Theology, Economics.
- In 1905 it receives a new name - Sofia University
St. Kliment Ohridski.
- In 1938 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski celebrates
its 50th anniversary as a fully developed academic institution.
It already has 7 Faculties, 72 Institutes, Clinics and seminars, eminent
full-time and visiting professors, considerable library holdings and its
own journal. It has 42 826 full-time students, 14 826 of them graduates.
The University is a field for scholarly and academic achievements. University
professors establish a number of schools and trends in the fields of mathematics,
physics, chemistry, linguistics and history.
- In the 1947-52 period the National Assembly passes a number
of bills which separate some Faculties and Institutes from the body
of the University. They form the foundations of new schools of higher education:
the Higher Institute of Economics, the Medical Academy, the Veterinary-Medical
Institute, the Academy of Agriculture. Some Institutes are included in
the structures of the Bulgarian Academy of Science.
- In the last few years some of those Faculties and Institutes
were re-established as integral part of of Sofia University, for
example the Faculty of Theology. There is also a newly formed
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.