Index for Robin Hood
Hood search for the Truth
Hood of Wakefield
Hood of Newton
The Pinder of Wakefield
of Robin Hoods
of Robin Hood
the Geste- a new site
III Butler of Skelbrooke
and the Geste
Lacis of Pontefract
De Laci and John of Gaunt
for Roger De Laci
II Le Waleys a suspected compiler of the Geste
The De Laci Family Estates
The Honour of Pontefract
1067 Ilbert de Laci (named from Lassy#
in Normandy) was granted many of the existing manors in Calderdale
by William I following the Norman Invasion. His estates in
Yorkshire filled seven pages of the Domesday Book. Later these
estates came to be known as The Honour of Pontefract. Ilbert was
born at Pontefrete in Normandy from which the town of
Pontefract today takes its name.
Prior to the Norman Invasion Pontefract
was called by its Anglian-Danish/Viking name of Cherchebi
(1086 D.B.). In O.E. this means 'village with a church'. The
-bi or -by suffix is particularly Dannish in origin, it is known
that the invading Danes in the 800's accepted Christianity
quickly once exposed to it.
Later in about 1124 South Kirkby
was termed Sudkirkebi to distinguish it from
the Kirkby now lost5.
Between 1068 and 1080, Ilbert had built
a castle at "broken bridge" or Pontefrete (now Pontefract).
In 1090 it was recorded as Pontefracto (Latin: Pons + fractus
or 'broken bridge')
Ilbert held 164 manors in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire
and Nottinghamshire. His lands in Yorkshire alone fill seven
pages of the Domesday Book4. Part of the
lands in Calderdale formed what was then known as the "honour
of Pontefract" which included 156 townships1. By 1084-1086
Huddersfield was part of the de Laci estate, the honour of Pontefract7.
At the time of Domesday they also held Heptonstall and thus
controlled the upper Calder valley and passes.
We know that he gave grants to churches
in South Kirkby, Featherstone, Cawthorne,(in 1086 the Anglian,
Ailric is described as being the Lord of the Wapentake* of
Staincross which included the Manors of Brierley
Silkstone [Silchestone], Penistone, High
Hoyland [Holant], Royston(e), Felkirk, Huddersfield, Rothwell
and Kirkthorpe and thus held lands here. He also had built a
keep at Castle Hill near Almondbury which no longer stands
but is now dominated by a folly or "castle" built in the 1800's.
Ailric held these lands under his Norman overlord Ilbert de Laci.
* A Wapentake ["Weapon-take"]
is equivalent to a "Hundred" in southern England.
In 1158 Adam the son of Swein and grandson of Ailric of Cawthorne
died. He was probably the last
Danish-Anglian Lord of the Manor of Cawthorne. The village
of Hoylandswaine was named after Swein. Adam Fitz-Swein
succeeded Swein but had no sons. Adam's two daughters, Amabil
[Amabel] and Matilda inherited the estates. The eastern portion
went to Matilda with the manor at Brierley and the western portion
went to Amabil centred on the manor of Cawthorne. The Lordship
probably was aquired by the Beaumonts i.e.Bellomonte ( after Bello
Monte in Calvados, Normandy) sometime after this1.
Ilbert had a brother Walter
De Laci who was an important baron in the Welsh Marches.
The de Laci family history is dealt with
at some length in three sources titled, History of Whalley by
Dr. Whittaker2 the Dodsworth Manuscripts3
and a more recent study, The Lacy Family of England
and Normandy by Wighton9
Ilbert de Laci died in 1090 or
1095. He was succeeded by his son Robert I de Laci.
Robert was the forebear of the earls of Lincoln. Robert was
banished from England by Henry I (Beauclerc) for supporting
Robert Curthose, for this he was in exile for a few years. He was
pardoned and returned to England where he assisted in the refoundation
of a Priory to St. Oswald at Nostell ['North Stall'], south of Barnsley.
He also established a priory of the Cluniac Order [St. John's]
at Pontefract and a Cluniac priory at [Monk] Bretton, the closeness
of these two Cluniac houses caused some friction between them. Robert
I De Laci is known to have held the Hundred of Blackburnshire in what
is now part of Lancashire which eventually formed part of the Duchy
of Lancaster. Here he probably established a castle at Clitheroe [Clyderhow].
Robert also confirmed to the abbey of Selby the manor of Hamelden
[Hambledon] given by Ilbert his father, for the soul of Hugh,
Robert's brother. The lands were quit claimed by John de Laci son
of Hugh de Laci of Gateford.11 Robert was banished twice,
being the last of the true de Laci line, male or female.
Others [Dugdale] say Robert I left two
sons, Ilbert[ii] and Henry. Ilbert fought
at The Battle of The Standard and married Alice de
Gaunt daughter of Gilbert de Gaunt. Ilbert died without issue and
was succeeded by his brother Henry. Henry became the Lord of Blackburnshire.
Henry was succeeded by a son, Robert
II de Laci he died in 1193 with no issue. It may be this
Robert who established the castle at Clitheroe, he died without
issue in 1193. It is with this member that Dugdale says the male
line of the De Lacis died out.
Robert de Laci's eldest son Ilbert
II strongly supported King Stephen against
Matilda's claims. He fought with conspicuous valour at the Battle
of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138 where the Scottish
were routed. He died without issue.
Ilbert's brother and successor,
Henry de Laci distinguished himself by founding
Kirkstall Abbey. He was confirmed Lord of Wakefield
Manor by King Stephen7. Henry
was suceeded by his son Robert II de Laci and was
one of the barons who attended Richard I's coronation in 1193,
dying shortly after [perhaps at the seige of Nottingham against Prince
According to Hunter6, the estates now passed to Henry's
half sister Albreda [Aubrey] de Lizours, the daughter
of Henry's mother by her second husband Robert de Lizours
of Sprotborough. But Hunter later showed by examining
Pipe Rolls that it is more likely that Albreda was Henry's cousin
and the grand-daughter [seems unlikely] of the first Robert de Laci.
The best interpretation however by Glover, places Albreda De Laci
as the sister to the Ilbert II de Laci. She married
Robert de Lizours. They produced a daughter, Albreda de
Lizours who married firstly Sir William Fitz-Godric/FitzWilliam
De ClairFait, Lord of Hampole and Emley (whose son was
Sir FitzWilliam, Lord of Elmley) and secondly Richard Fitz-Eustace, Lord
of Halton, made the Constable of Chester, who died before 1178.
Richard appears to have begun a feudal alliance with the earls
of Chester, who became the overlords of De Laci family. This probably
began with Hugh Le Meschines, the third earl of Chester who was pitched
along with William The Lyon, King of the Scots, Robert De Beaumont,
3rd earl of Leicester and the young prince Henry against the prince's
father Henry II [Curtmantle]. By Richard FitzEustace, Albreda had
a son, John Fitz-Euctace who died in 1190 pre-deceasing
his mother, leaving a son, Roger de Lizours (taking Albreda's
father's name of Lizours), heir both to the De Laci and Fitz-Eustace
estates. However Albreda caused her grandson, Roger de Lizours
to quit all claims to the de Lizour estates.
Eventually Roger de Lizours assumed the name of
Roger de Laci and founded the second de Laci family, again their seat
was at the fortress and palace of Pontefract. Roger was Constable of Chester
as well as Lord of Pontefract and Clitheroe who also held a castle at Halton
in Cheshire.7 Roger held out bravely for King John in
France and was a major player in the subjugation of the Welsh for which
he was named Roger of Hell [Rogeri de Helle]. At the time
of Richard I in 1192, Roger de Laci was accompanied by William I de
Bellomonte* (Beaumont) in the third Crusade.1
Roger De Laci below.
Bellomonte - tenants and under tenants of the
honour of Pontefract.
William [III] de Bellomonte or Beaumont was
the lord at the manor of Cawthorne, part of the honour of
Pontefract.1 He was survived
by his widow [Alice Le Strange]. William's son, Sir Richard
de Bellomonte married Annabella who later as a widow was given
a grant of land at "Hodresfield" [ Huddersfield] by Henry de
Laci, earl of Lincoln.1 It has been suggested by Whittaker
that this grant of land was provided in order that the Bellomontes
would provide safe passage to and from Pontefract to the Laci
castle at Halton [near Runcorn] Cheshire. The line of the earls of
Lincoln became a large branch of the de Laci family with notables
such as Henry de Laci.
William [I] may have aquired his interest
at Huddersfield between 1190 and 1200. This tenancy may have
been a direct one rather than an under tenancy, given by Roger
'Helle' De Laci [d.1211]. He or his son, [William II] may
have then aquired Crosland and lands at South Kirkby which could have
been under tenancies, the mesne lord being Roger De Montbegon,
Lord of Hornby who died s.p. in 1228. Montbegon's lands appear to
have descended from his mother Matilda FitzAdam, who held the manor
of Brierley near Bradford. She was one of two daughters of Adam FitzSwein.
The Beaumonts also aquired some lands at Lepton near Huddersfield.14
* Embarkation point for William the Conqueror's fleet
[700 ships, 7000 soldiers and 55,000 men]. The original port is
long silted up.
Some time later, perhaps about 1220, the Beaumonts
aquired lands at Whitley, near Thornhill. Some or all of Whitley
could have been an under tenancy of the Lords of Thornhill
i.e. John De Thornhill or his son Richard in the mid to late 1200's.
By the mid 1300's Brian De Thornhill was heavily involved in Beaumont
affairs as the Beaumonts lost much of their property due to their
criminal behaviour which was related to the Eland Feud. This involved
the murder of John De Eland, Sheriff of Yorkshire and steward of the
Warrene estates of the Wakefield manor. Roger 'Helle' De Laci would have
known William Bellomonte, Roger De Montbegon and another in the De Laci
circle, John De Birkin of Laxton Nottinghamshire, who also held land
at Lepton, from whom descended Adam De Everingham of Everingham &
Stainborough and his son Robert De Everingham, Lord Paramount of Rouston,
both keepers of Sherwood Forest.14
Roger De Laci - did he join King Richard's
Roger is thought by some to have been commanding Tickhill and
Nottingham Castle during the period of Richard's absence.
The entry for Roger De Laci in the Dictionary of National Biography
may be correct in stating that Roger was entrusted with Nottingham
and Tickhill castles in 1192. The third crusade lasted from December
1189 to1192. The D.N.B. also provides a quote that "Dugdale's statement
that he was present at the sieges of Acre and Damietta is due to the
confusion with his father and son".14 Roger's father, John I FitzRichard,
constable of Chester, perished, according to Howden, during the third
crusade on 11th October 1190 at Tyre whilst John II, Roger's son was
born about 1190 which would see him aged about 29 if he left for Damietta
 on the fifth crusade presumably with his overlord Ranulf De Blondeville
later called "The Crusader". Other companions were the aged Saher III
De Quincy, his son Robert [and perhaps his second son Roger] and William
"Stronghand" Albini of Arundel. Saher III died on his way to Jerusalem
in the same year, this crusade continued until 1222. John is known
to have issued a charter at Damietta about 1218 [Pontefract Chartulary
No. 21].14 John II De Laci was constable of Chester for Ranulf
De Blondeville and also John Ceann mhor Le Scot De Huntingdon for whom
he witnessed a charter [K.J. Stringer].
Thus it appears that Roger'Helle', constable
of Chester was controlling both Nottingham and Tickhill castles
whilst Richard was away. Roger was opposed, in the early stages,
to Count John of Mortain and had two of John's knights, the constables
of Tickhill and Nottingham hanged at the behest of William Longchamp,
chancellor of England. As a consequence Roger had his lands ransacked
by Count John.
It would appear that the reference in Whittaker
and Pratt may be challenged, there does not appear to be much evidence
if any that Roger was in the Middle East although there is nothing
to say that he did not go part way there. Some crusaders returned
from Sicily after it became clear that Count John and William Longchamp
could not be trusted for Richard had heard how Longchamp was abusing
When Longchamp the justicar moved north and displaced Hugh De Puiset,
Justicar for the north, Richard sent Walter De Coutances, archbishop
of Rouen to replace him. Could Roger have been sent back to Nottingham
to control the North against Richard's adversaries? Given this
evidence that Roger was garrisoning Nottingham and Tickhill for Richard
I in the same year that the crusade ended we may have to amend the
notion that William Bellomonte and Roger went on the third crusade
although they may alternatively have left England together and then
returned before reaching the Holy Land.
Rather like earl David Ceann mhor, Roger's whereabouts
seem somewhat shrouded during the third crusade. Earl David though
seems to have fallen off the radar completely, as no references
to his whereabouts [K.J. Stringer] occur during the third crusade
even though he sired the illegitimate Henry of Stirling about 1193.There
are strong suspicions that Earl David did not go on Richard's
crusade. Richard had left England basically at peace with Scotland
after the 100,000 marks were handed over for his debilitating militarily
foray into Outremer.
By 1194 Roger inherited the honours of Pontefract
and Clitheroe [VCH Lancs, i, p.300] the same year as the siege
of Nottingham. He assumed the name De Laci from his great grandmother
Albreda De Laci, daughter of Robert I De Laci. Roger is also found
as the castellan of Chateaux Galliard, Richard's 'saucy castle' in
1194. Prior to his inheritance he was often referred to rather
grandly as Rogero conestabulario Cestrie which appears
in one of Earl David's Charters [1190-1194]:
of Earl David >>
Priory of La Chaise-Dieu-du-Theil
(dep. Eure). Grants in alms to the priory of La-Chaise-Dieu
an annual rent of one silver mark at Michaelmas from the profits
of his mill of Fotheringhay. (19 Aug. 1190 x 1194).
Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filijs. presentibus.
7 futuris. Comes dauid frater regis scocie salutem. SciatiS me
dedisse. 7 concessisse. 7 hac carta mea confirmasse deo 7 ecclesie
sancte Marie de casa dei. 7 monialibus ibidem deo seruientibus inpuram.a
7 liberam. 7 perpetuam elemosinam tenendam de me. 7 heredibus meis
unam Marcam argenti. ad festum sancti Michaelis. annuatim recipiendam
de exitu molendini mei. de frodRigee pro anima patris mei. 7 pro anima
Matris Mei. 7 pro salute anime mee. 7 anime cornitisse. Matil'. Sponse
Mee'. 7 pro anima. Regis. dauid. avi mei. 7 pro anima. Malcolmi regis
fratris Mei. 7 pro anima. Thome bigot. 7 pro animabus antecessorum meorum.
7 successorum. Testibus. W. de Warennja. Rogero conestabulario. Cestrie.
Eustacio de uesci. Roberto. de Mortuo Mari. HenRico filio Meo. Simone
de sancto litlo. Ricardo. de lindesia. Roberto de basingham. Willelmo.
de essebi. Willelmo. de foleuill. Reginaldo. de acle. Willelmo. daco.
Roberto de lakerneill' cum multis aliis.b
ENDORSED: ffrodrige De j marca redditus concessa
Priorisse de Casa Dei (late xiii cent.); Non irrotulatur quja
domus de Eton' nichil inde habet ut intelligitur (late xiii cent.);
Carta Comitis Dauid fratris Regis Scotie
DESCRIPTION: 5.7 x 4.7 in (14.4 x 11.9cm).
Foot folded to depth of about 1.4 in. (3.6cm); double slits with
tag. Second seal, in natural wax.
SOURCE: Original, BL Addit. Chart. 47386.
NOTES: a Run together in source. b
Final 's' extended sideways in order to finish last line of
COMMENT: Dated by Earl David's marriage and
by the appearance of Roger, constable of Chester, in the witness-list
without the style 'de Lacy', indicating a date before he inherited
the honours of Clitheroe and Pontefract in 1194 (VCH Lancs, i,
p.300). W. de Warenne, the first witness, is probably one and the
same man as David's cousin William de Warenne of Wormegay (d. 1209).
Eustace de Vesci, lord of Alnwick, also attests. The presence of these
important men in the witness-clause suggests an especially weighty occasion.
It is possible that Thomas Bigod, for the good of whose soul, among
others, the gift was made, can be identified with a probable son of Roger,
second earl of Norfolk, on whom see Cambridge Law Journal, x (1950),
pp.96-7 with n.86. This Thomas was apparently still alive in, '96, but
the use of 'pro anima' in the text is not conclusive proof that Thomas
Bigod was already dead (cf. EYC, iv, pp.xxvii-xxx). Alternatively, it
may be that the terminus ante quem should be set later than 1194, at 29
Nov. 1208 when Reginald of Oakley was deceased. David's relationship with
Thomas remains mysterious, but provides some evidence for a connection
between the Scottish royal house and the senior Bigod line a generation
before William the Lion's daughter Isabel was married to Roger Bigod,
future fourth earl of Norfolk, in 1225.
Excerpt from: Earl
David of Huntingdon - K.J. Stringer pp 238-239
As we can see there were other witnesses, the
more important of whom were Thomas Bigod, William De Warenne
of Wormgay [Norfolk] and Eustace De Vesci, Lord of Alnwick. The
latter was an opponent of Count John particularly during the subsequent
Baron's Revolt in John's reign. The Scottish links of the De Lacis
is further examined below.
This Act suggests that Roger and Earl David were associates at
this time [1190-1194] during Richard's reign. Roger De Laci was
also a Sheriff of Yorkshire under King John's rule for about seven
years from 1206 until his death in 1211. Some part of this time he shared
the shievality with Robert Wallensis [from Wales]. Roger was also
involved with Robert FitzRoger, Lord of Warkworth who was also a sheriff
of Northumberland. Robert was related to Roger through Richard FitzEustace
who married firstly Albreda De Lizours which gave rise to Roger's
line and secondly to Jane Bigod, daughter of the 1st earl of East Anglia
which gave rise to Robert's line, making them in effect second cousins.
Both these men would have collectively weilded considerable power in
the North of England. Later after John ascended as King in 1199, Roger's
opposition to John yielded, a matter of reality as much as opportunity..
When Roger de Laci died in 1211 he left a son
John (Johannes) II de Laci, Constable of Chester, Count [Earl]
of Chester and Earl of Lincoln through his wife Margaret, the
daughter of Hawise, sister to Ranulf de Blondeville, Earl of Chester
and Lincoln. Roger married firstly, Alice de Aquila, without issue
and secondly Margaret de Quincy. John granted Whitley Hall (Whitley
Beaumont) to William de Bellemonte10, which became the
seat of the Beaumonts of Whitley. We are also told by K.J. Stringer13
that a sister of John De Laci who is un-named, was betrothed to Alan
MacDougall of Galloway, who was Lord of Galloway, Constable of Scotland
and an adviser to King John. There appears to have been no issue
but the various marriages of Alan speak volumes for the cross-border
relationships of the De Lacis at this time:
Rose De Laci d. of Earl of Ulster
Roger 'Helle' De Laci
De L'Isle=======1==========Alan of
Galloway=====2=====sister of John De Laci of Pontefract
hered. const. of Chester, earl Lincoln
=========Margaret Canmore d. of Earl David De Huntingdon
Roger De Quincy====Helen
of Galloway Devorguilla*==John
of Barnard Castle
of Skipton====Maud De Ferrers
* heiress of Alan of Galloway who had
inherited the constableship and the Moreville estates through
was Edmund de Laci Constable of Chester born
1230 died 1258. From 1240 to his death he held the position
of Lord of the Honour of Pontfract. Edmund was granted a manor at
Stanbury near Haworth, being granted a charter in 1234-1235 with five
other manors being granted to Edmund in November 1249.12
A road strategically connected the castles of Pontefract and
Clitheroe running from Pontefract through Bradford Dale, Haworth and
over the Pennines at Colne Edge to Clitheroe, Ightenhill [Gawthorpe near
Burnley] and the abbey at Whalley. This road never left De Laci lands, connecting
the two distinct administrative centres of the honours of Pontefract
Edmund left a son, Henry de Laci born 1251. He became a close
confidant of Edward I and in 1278 received
the earldom of Lincoln and Lordship of the honour of Pontefract.
In 1272 Edward I granted the right for Henry de Laci to hold
a market at Almondbury on each Monday. Henry died in 1311 and
was buried at St. Paul's London.
Henry de Laci
Earl of Lincoln in 1257 [b 1249? d.1311]. This Henry
commanded a division in the Welsh wars in 1276 and was joint Lieutenant
of England whilst Edward I was in France . During 1296-8 he
commanded the English army in France and in 1307 accompanied Edward
I on his final campaign in Scotland. He was also present at Edward
I's death. In 1310 he became one of the "Lord's Ordainers" which
restricted Edward II's powers. Henry also acted as The Guardian of
the Kingdom whilst Edward II was at war in Scotland.
Henry had two sons and two daughters the first
three pre-deceased him. The only surviving child was
his youngest daughter Alice de Laci. Alice inherited
the de Laci estates and entered into a marriage contract at
the age of nine in 1294 to Thomas Plantagenet, later
Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, Derby, Lincoln and Salisbury. As a
result Alice de Laci became Countess of Lancaster and Thomas inherited
the de Laci estates. Thomas was the grandson of Henry III.
His father, the Earl of Lancaster was brother to Edward
Alice, according to one version, was abducted
forcibly from her husbands Pontefract Castle by Earl Warrene
probably with the assistance of Edward II.
Another version says she was taken from Canford Castle, near Wimborne,
She was taken to Earl Warrene's castle
at Reigate in Surrey. This gave rise to a private war between
the the House of Lancaster and the Warrenes. After his rebellion,
Thomas Earl of Lancaster was beheaded at Pontefract but Edward II
was already unpopular with noble and commoner alike and this led
to Thomas being deified, the cult of 'Saint' Thomas appeared.
Thomas's brother, Henry Plantagenet
inherited the de Laci estates (died 1345). He was succeeded
by his son Henry Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster.
Except for Edward the "Black Prince" he was the first Duke since the
Conquest . He died of the Great Plague ("Great Pestilence") on 24th
Henry had two daughters, the eldest of
whom died with no issue. The second, Blanche Plantagenet
[d.February 1349], married John of Gaunt
(Ghent), Earl of Richmond, Duke of Lancaster. Blanche
and John of Gaunt had a son Henry Bolingbroke, later Henry IV,
(born 1366 at Bolingbroke in Lincolnshire) who inherited the de
Laci estates and led to the line of Lancastrian kings. see William
de Dronsfield, esquire to Lord Bolingbroke
Henry Bolingbroke deposed his cousin Richard
II [son of the "Black Prince"] and assumed the crown in 1399
as Henry IV, the first Lancastrian king. Richard II was ostensibly
murdered in Pontefract Castle by starvation, such like Edward
II, no marks would be left on the body.
Bolingbroke, later Henry IV, was the first
King to be crowned using the English language.The great plague
had decimated the priesthood and aristocrats did not have sufficient
latin teachers for their children, English became the lingua
franca by the end of the 1300's
The Laci name lingered in the western part of the region. John
Lacy married Ann, Alice de Eland they had three
children an eldest son, a daughter who married Henry Murgatroyd
and a second son, Gilbert Lacy born abt. 1400. This
Gilbert married Johanna Soothill [Sotehill] born
abt. 1400, daughter of Lord Gerald Soothill [b. abt.
Gilbert and Johanna Lacy had a child,
Gerald Lacy b. abt. 1425 who married
Joan Symmes who had a son, Hugh Lacy
b. abt. 1489 at Brearley
Hall, d. abt. 1573. Hugh was Lord of Midgley. His will
was proved in 1570. Hugh married Agnes Savile b.1496 of Newhall,
From the time of Henry Bolingbroke's coronation [Henry IV]
to the present, the honour of Pontefract has been vested
in the Crown. The honour of Pontefract is a separate Crown estate,
managed by its own officers as part of the Duchy of Lancaster.
of Pontefract |
Yorkshire Arms | The Elland Feud | Alice
1. Pratt, Charles T., History
of Cawthorne, 1881.
2. Whitaker, Thomas, Dunham,
LL.D., F.S.A., Vicar of Whalley - A History of the Original
parish of Whalley and Honour
of Clitheroe, 4th edition, revised and enlarged, by John Gough
Nichols, F.S.A.and the Rev. Ponsonby A.
Lyons, B.A. Vol. 1. London: George Routledge and Sons,
1872. See : Whalley Parish and
Honour of Clitheroe
3. Dodsworth Manuscripts,
Bodleian Library, Oxford*
4. The Domesday Book
was in the Chapter House, Westminster from1696 having formerly
been deposited in
5. Mills, A.D., Dictionary
of English Place-Names, O.U.P., 1997.
6. Hunter, Joseph, Revd.,
South Yorkshire, History of the Deanery of Doncaster,
1828 [2 vols]
7. Baines, Thomas, Yorkshire
Past and Present quoting Whitaker, T.D., Loidis and Elmete
8. Faull, M.L. & Stinson,
M. (Eds.), Domesday Book for Yorkshire, Phillimore,
9. Wighton, W.E., The
Lacy Family in England & Normandy, 1066-1194, Oxford,
10. Close Rolls.
11. Burton John, Monasticon Eboracennse,
12. From Calendar of Charter Rolls,
VI, Henry III 1226-57 , p. 346 reference given to Tom Lee by Smith
13. Stringer, K.J. [ed.]. Essays
on the Nobility of Medieval Scotland. John Donald, Edinburgh.
14. E-mail from Edward Beaumont Edward
has much unpublished work relating to the Bellomontes of West
15. Whitaker, T. D. An History of the
Original parish of Whalley and Honour of Clitheroe. George
Routledge and Sons. London 1872.
# Lassy is in the Canton, Conde Sur Noiseau
in the arrondissment of Vise of the Department of Calvados.8
This is marked on modern maps as VASSY, 35 km east of Falaise, which
is in Calvados, Normandy.
* Dodsworth died in 1654, he obtained
the de Lacis religious history from John Stanhope.
Copyright © Tim Midgley1999, revised 27th