[The Face of Dutch]

The Animals in Dutch

[cows]
koeien
[Daniel's Dog]
hond (foto: Daniel Baskin)
[dachshund, old]
hond (oude teckel)
Dieren -hear- animals

zoogdieren
vogels
reptielen
hear - 2
(mammals)
(birds)
(reptiles)
amfibieën
vissen
insecten
hear - 2
(amphibians)
(fish)
(insects)
apen
mensapen
hear
(monkeys)
(apes)
dier
beest
hear
(animal, usually a mammal)
(beast)

mens
(man, human)
man
(man, male)
vrouw
(woman)
kind
(child)
jongen
(boy)
meisje
(girl)
baby
(=baby)
kleuter
(toddler)
hear
Dutch Family

blindengeleidehond -hear - 2- [steering-the-blind dog] seeing-eye dog

Many of the words for animals show the common roots of English and Dutch, like cow/koe, sheep/schaap, fowl/vogel and mare/merrie.
Some words shifted meaning, like pork/varken (=pig), pig/big (=piglet), steer/stier (=bull), deer/dier (=any animal) and hound/hond (=any dog).
Other words look unrelated, like horse/paard and rooster/haan; 'horse'is related to Dutch ros, which is either used jocularly or designates an older horse.

animal adult male adult female offspring
paard
(horse)
hengst
(stud)
merrie
(mare)
veulen
(foal)
hear - 2
rund*
(bovine)
stier
(bull)
koe
(cow)
kalf
(calf)
hear
varken
(pig)
beer
(boar)
zeug*
(sow)
biggetje
(piglet)
hear - 2 'Beer' is also the common word for 'bear' (ursus: brown, grizzly, polar.)
Also notice the similarity but different meaning of pork and varken, pig and big.
schaap
(sheep)
ram*
(ram)
ooi*
(ewe)
lammetje
(lamb)
hear
kip
(chicken)
haan
(rooster)
(kip)
kuiken, kuikentje
(chick)
hear
kat, poes
(cat)
kater
(tomcat)


hear 'Kater' is also the common Dutch word for 'hangover' (katzenjammer?)
geit
(goat)
bok
(he-goat)


hear
* - not common words
vee
herkauwen
pluimvee
hear
(cattle)
(to [re-chew] ruminate)
(poultry)
huisdieren
roofdieren
hear
(pets, domesticated animals)
([rob-animals] predators)
[a horse]
paard
[a deer] [a deer]
herten

And What They Say

Wat zeggen de dieren?
What do the animals say?
hear - 2
honden blaffen
(dogs bark)
hear waf-waf
(raf-raf)
poezen/katten miauwen
(cats meow)
hear miauw
(meow)
paarden hinniken
(horses neigh)
hear
koeien loeien
(cows moo)
hear boe
(moo)
schapen blaten
(sheep bleat)
hear bèè
()
geiten mekkeren
(goats ?)
hear
hanen kraaien
(roosters crow)
hear kukeleku
()
kippen kakelen
(chickens cluck)
hear tok-tok-tok-tok-tok
(cluck-cluck)
kraaien krassen
(crows caw)
hear - 2 kchchchch
()
vogels fluiten
(birds [whistle] sing)
hear
slangen sissen
(snakes hiss)
hear ssssss
()
De koekoek zegt 'koekoek' -hear- The cuckoo says 'cuckoo.'
Uilen roepen 'oe-hoe' -hear- Owls hoot.
muggen zoemen
(mosquitoes buzz)
hear bzzz
()
olifanten trompetteren
(elephants trumpet?)
hear retteketet
()
leeuwen brullen
(lions roar)
hear
wolven huilen
(wolves [cry] howl)
hear - 2
varkens knorren
(pigs oink)
hear ...
(oink)
eenden kwaken
(ducks quack)
hear kwek-kwek
(quack quack)
eenden snateren
(ducks smatter)
hear
ezels balken
(donkeys bray)
hear - 2 ia
()
krekels tsjirpen
(crickets chirp)
hear
mussen kwetteren
(sparrows twitter)
hear
kwikkers kwaken
(frogs croak)
hear
muizen piepen
(mice beep)
hear
[sheep]
schapen
[elephants bathing]
olifanten
[riding an elephant]
olifant

Basic Animals

(de) mens
(het) dier
(de) vogel
(het) insekt
hear
(man)
(animal)
(bird, fowl)
(insect)

(de) mier
(de) bij
(de) vlieg
(de) worm
(de) slang
hear - 2
(ant)
(bee)
(fly)
(worm)
(snake)

(de) aap
(het) paard
(de) hond
(de) kat
(de) rat
hear - 2
(monkey)
(horse)
(dog)
(cat)
(rat)

(de) koe
(het) varken
(de) kip
(het) schaap
(de) geit
hear
(cow)
(pig)
(chicken)
(sheep)
(goat)
Body Parts
[a squirrel] [a squirrel] [a squirrel]
eekhoorns

More Animals

konijn
haas
eekhoorn
mol
hear - 2
(rabbit)
(hare)
(squirrel)
(mole)
nijlpaard
neushoorn
ijsbeer
hear - 2
([Nile-horse] hippo)
([nose-horn] rhino)
([ice] polar bear)
struisvogel
wild zwijn
stinkdier
hear
(ostrich)
(wild boar)
(skunk)
schildpad
stekelvarken
egel
hear
([shield-toad] tortoise, turtle)
([spines-pig] porcupine)
(hedgehog)
The 'D' of schildpad is usually dropped
haai
kreeft
garnaal
kwal
hear - 2
(shark)
(lobster)
(shrimp, prawn)
(jellyfish)
vogelbekdier
zeehond
walvis
hear
(platypus)
([sea-dog] seal)
(whale [-fish])
vlinder
nachtvlinder
vleermuis
hear - 2
(butterfly)
([butterfly of the night] large moth)
(bat)
hagedis
salamander
pad
hear - 2
(lizard)
(salamander)
(toad)
kikker, kikvors
donderkopje
kikkervisje
hear
(frog)
([thunderhead] tadpole)
([frog-fish] tadpole)
kalkoen
fazant
vos
hear
(turkey)
(pheasant)
(fox)
giraf (giraffe)
hear
This 'G' has an unusual ('French') pronunciation
[a pigeon, dove] [a pigeon, dove]
duiven

Birds of Holland and beyond

zwaluw
vink
nachtegaal
duif
zwaan
hear
(swallow)
(finch)
(nightingale)
(dove)
(swan)
havik
uil
koekoek
raaf
kraai
hear
(hawk)
(owl)
(cuckoo)
(raven)
(crow)
merel
lijster
specht
roodborstje
eend
hear
(blackbird)
(thrush)
(woodpecker)
(robin)
(duck)
adelaar, arend
ooievaar
reiger
meeuw
gier
(vleermuis)
hear
(eagle)
(stork)
(heron)
(seagull)
(vulture)
(bat)
gans
buizerd
aalscholver
visdiefje
winterkoninkje
hear
(goose)
(buzzard)
(cormorant)
([fish-thief] sea swallow)
(winter [king] wren)
spreeuw
mus
hear
(starling)
(sparrow)
Vlaamse gaai
Jan van Gent
hear
(jay)
(gannet)
kanarie
parkiet
pagegaai
hear
(canary)
(parakeet)
(parrot)
kolibri
wielewaal
meerkoet
hear
(hummingbird)
(golden oriole)
(coot - a small black-and-white water bird)
ekster
leeuwerik
pauw
hear
(magpie)
(lark)
(peacock)
The 'Jan van Gent' is named after its perceived call.
A children's song about swans.

[a house fly]
vlieg
[a beetle]
tor

Bugs World

bij
wesp
vlo
teek
mot
hear
(bee)
(wasp)
(flea)
(tick)
(small moth)
mier
kever, tor
lieveheersbeestje
kakkerlak
hear
(ant)
(beetle)
(ladybug)
(cockroach)
vlinder
nachtvlinder
libelle
sprinkhaan
hear
(butterfly)
(large moth)
(dragonfly)
(grasshopper, locust)
pissebed
bromvlieg
mug
langpootmug
spin
hear
(pillbug)
(house fly)
(mosquito)
('daddy longlegs' mosquito)
(spider)
duizendpoot
oorwurm
hooiwagen
rups
krekel
hear
(millipede)
(earwig)
([hay-cart] 'daddy longlegs' spider)
(caterpillar)
(cricket)
[a turtle on a floating log]
schildpad
[a snake]
slang
[a lizard]
hagedis

Irregular Animal Plurals

kind - kinderen
kalf - kalveren
rund - runderen
koe - koeien
hear - 2
(child - children)
(calf - calves)
(bovine - bovines)
(cow - cows)
dinosaurus
sauriërs
hear
(dinosaur)
(dinosaurs)
I guess there's no law against the regular plural 'dinosaurussen,' but it just sounds awful to me.

Dog Breeds

teckel
Duitse herder
keeshond
hear
('dachshund')
(German shepherd)

[dachshund, young]
jonge teckel

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Don't be a dief (thief) - dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2