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U.S. Ark of Taste

American Artisanal Cider
Hand Crafted Root Beer
Greenthread tea
Bronx Grapes
Charbono Grape of California
Napa Gamay/Valdiguie Grape of California
Norton Grape

Chapalote Corn
Roy’s Calais Flint Corn
Tuscarora White Corn
Anishinaabeg Manoomin
Carolina Gold Rice
New Orleans French Bread

Creole Cream Cheese
Dry Monterey Jack Cheese

American Heirloom Apples
Capitol Reef Apple
Sebastopol Gravenstein Apple

Blenheim Apricot

Popenoe Avocado
Puebla Avocado

Bronx Grapes
Charbono Grape of California
Napa Gamay/Valdiguie Grape of California
Norton Grape

Meyer Lemon of California's Central Coast

Crane Melon

California Mission Olive

Inland Empire Old-Grove Orange


Baby Crawford peach
Fay Elberta Peach
Oldmixon Free peach
Rio Oso Gem peach
Silver Logan peach
Sun Crest peach

American Heirloom Pears

Beaver Dam Pepper
Bull Nose Large Bell Pepper
Fish pepper
Hinkelhatz Hot Pepper
Jimmy Nardello's Sweet Italian Frying Pepper
New Mexico Native Chiles
Sheepnose Pimiento
Wenk's Yellow Hot Pepper
Chiltepin Chile

American Persimmon
Japanese Massaged Dried Persimmon

American Plum
Elephant Heart plum
Inca plum
Laroda plum
Mariposa plum
Padre plum
Wild plum

Meech’s Prolific quince

Louisiana Satsuma

Algonquin Squash
Amish Pie squash
Boston Marrow squash
Green-striped Cushaw squash
Sibley squash

Native American Strawberry
Louisiana Heritage Strawberry

Pixie Tangerine of Ojai Valley

New Mexico Native Tomatillo

Amish Paste tomato
Aunt Molly's Husk tomato (aka Ground Cherry)
Aunt Ruby's German Green tomato
Burbank tomato
Chalk’s Early Jewel Tomato
Cherokee Purple tomato
Djena Lee’s Golden Girl Tomato
German Pink tomato
Livingston’s Globe Tomato
Livingston’s Golden Queen Tomato
Orange Oxheart tomato
Radiator Charlie’s Mortgage Lifter Tomato
Red Fig Tomato
Sheboygan Tomato
Sudduth Strain Brandywine tomato
Valencia Tomato

Moon & Stars watermelon
Yellow-Meated watermelon

Herbs & Spices
Traditional Sea Salt from Hawaii (Alaea)
Desert Oregano
Handmade File

Meat & Poultry
American Plains Bison

Corriente Cattle
Florida Cracker Cattle
American Milking Devon Cattle
Pineywoods Cattle

Buckeye Chicken
Delaware Chicken
Dominique Chicken
Java chicken
Jersey Giant Chicken
New Hampshire Chicken
"Old Type" Rhode Island Red Chicken
Plymouth Rock Chicken
Wyandotte Chicken

Spanish goat
Tennessee Myotonic goat

American Buff Goose
Cotton Patch Goose
Pilgrim Goose

Guinea Hog
Mulefoot Hog
Ossabaw Island Hog
Red Wattle Hog

American Rabbit
American Chinchilla Rabbit
Blanc de Hotot Rabbit
Giant Chinchilla Rabbit
Silver Fox Rabbit

Gulf Coast Sheep
Navajo-Churro Sheep
Tunis Sheep

American Bronze Turkey
Bourbon Red Turkey
Jersey Buff or Buff Turkey
Midget White Turkey
Narragansett Turkey

Meat Products
New Orleans Daube Glacé
Southern Louisiana Hog's Head Cheese
Southern Louisiana Ponce
Southern Louisiana Traditional Tasso

American Butternut
American Chestnut
American Native Pecan
Emory Oak "Bellota" Acorns
Nevada Single Leaf Pinyon
Shagbark Hickory Nut

Pulses (beans, peas & lentils)
Arikara Yellow Bean
Bolita Bean
Brown and White Tepary Bean
Cherokee Trail of Tears Bean
Christmas Lima Bean
Crowder Cowpeas (Mississippi Silver Hull bean)
Four Corners Gold Bean
Hidatsa Red bean
Hidatsa Shield Figure bean
Hopi Mottled Lima Bean
Hutterite Soup Bean
Jacob’s Cattle Bean
Lina Cisco's Bird Egg Bean
Marrowfat Bean
Mayflower bean
Mesquite Pod Flour
O'odham Pink Bean
Petaluma Gold Rush Bean
Rio Zape Bean
Santa Maria Pinquitos Bean
Sea Island Red Peas
Southern Field Peas
Turkey Craw Bean
True Red Cranberry Bean
Yellow Indian Woman Bean

Fish & Shellfish
Bay Scallop
Delaware Bay oyster
Louisiana oyster
Olympia oyster
Washington Marbled Chinook Salmon
Wild catfish
Wild Gulf Coast shrimp

Early Blood Turnip-rooted Beet

Lorz Italian garlic
Inchelium Red garlic

Amish Deer Tongue lettuce
Grandpa Admire's lettuce
Speckled lettuce
Tennis Ball lettuce (black seeded)

I'itoi onion

Green Mountain potato
Ivis White Cream sweet potato
Ozette potato

Gilfeather Turnip

Wines & Vinegars
Charbono Grape of California
Napa Gamay/Valdiguie Grape of California
Norton Grape
Wine Vinegar—Orleans Method

Prepared Foods
Poi: Kalo
American Artisanal Sauerkraut
Roman Taffy Candy

Guajillo Honey
Tupelo Honey
Alaskan Birch syrup
Traditional Cane Syrup
Traditional Sorghum syrup

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Ark of Taste
Saving Cherished Slow Foods, One Product at a Time

Java Chicken

The Java is considered the second oldest breed of chicken developed in America. Its ancestors were reputed to have come from the Far East, possibly from the isle of Java. Sources differ on the time of origin of the Java. But they were known to be in existence in America sometime between 1835 and 1850. They did not reach Britain until 1885, and this is important as those that claim they originated in pure form directly from the island of Java cite England as their source of stock (from Java by way of England). It is possible 1835 may even be late in the development of this breed.

The Java is a premiere homesteading fowl, having the ability to do well when given free-range. While slower in rate of growth when compared to some more modern breeds, the Java was noted for the production of meat during the mid 1800s. The Plymouth Rock and Jersey Giant breeds owe much to the Java, as the Java was used in the creation of both of these breeds, which later replaced it.

Javas come in three varieties: Black, Mottled and White. The Black Java is noted for the beetle-green sheen of its feathers, a green sheen more brilliant than any other black fowl except the Langshan (speaking in terms of English and American experiences). The Blacks further have very dark eye color, being dark brown or even nearly black. Black Javas have black legs with yellow soles on their feet. Mottled Javas should have very intense red eye color and their feathering is black with splashes, or mottles, of white. The legs of the Mottled Java should be a broken leaden-blue with yellow soles. White Javas have yellow leg color. The White Java was admitted to the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection but was removed prior to 1910 as it was felt that it and White Plymouth Rock were too similar. All Javas have yellow skin and lay brown eggs.

The body type is one of the most distinguishing features of Javas. They have a rectangular shape, much like the Rhode Island Red, but with a sloping back line. Their backs are supposed to be long; in fact they should be the longest in the American Class. And they have a full, well-rounded breast. Originally this breed, like the Buckeye and the Rhode Island, had tight feathers.

Another distinguishing feature, the single comb on all Javas should not show a point too far forward on the comb (the first point should be above the eye, not above the nostril). While this last point is of no economic value, it may be of value in terms of identifying purity of the stock. This point also indicates a single combed bird that was produced from pea-combed ancestors.

Java chicken


Pittsboro, NC
American Livestock Breeds Conservancy
P.O. Box 477
Pittsboro, NC 27312
Pittsboro, NC
Phone:  919-542-5704

Burgettstown, PA
American Poultry Association
PO Box 306,
Burgettstown, PA 15021

Lugoff, SC
Society for the Preservation of Poultry Antiquities
Dr. Charles R.H. Everett, Secretary
122 Magnolia Lane,
Lugoff, SC, 29078

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