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Texas Becomes Nation’s Newest “Majority-Minority”
Texas has now joined Hawaii, New Mexico and California as a majority-minority state, along with the District of Columbia, the U.S. Census Bureau reported today. Five states — Maryland, Mississippi, Georgia, New York and Arizona — are next in line with minority populations of about 40 percent. (The minority population includes all people except non-Hispanic single-race whites.)
According to July 1, 2004, population estimates, Texas had a minority population of 11.3 million, comprising 50.2 percent of its total population of 22.5 million. In comparison, 77 percent of Hawaii’s population was minority. In New Mexico and California, the proportions were 57 percent and 56 percent, respectively, while the District of Columbia was 70 percent minority.
The following race data are for people reporting their specified race, whether or not they reported any other races, and for Hispanics (who may be of any race). Table 1 [Excel] presents data for states. Table 2 [Excel] presents data for counties with total populations of 1 million or more.
State and County Highlights
The federal government treats Hispanic origin and race as distinct concepts. Therefore, separate questions are asked about them. For further details, see U.S. Census Bureau Guidance on the Presentation and Comparison of Race and Hispanic-Origin Data (June 12, 2003), available at <http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/compraceho.html>.
The estimates for each race and Hispanic group are cross-tabulated by single year of age and selected age groups for each state and by five-year age groups for counties.
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The Census Bureau develops state and county population estimates by characteristics using administrative records on births, deaths and migration to estimate population change from the most recent census. For more detail regarding the methodology, please see <http://www.census.gov/popest/topics/methodology>.
[Excel] or the letters [xls] indicate a document is in the Microsoft® Excel® Spreadsheet Format (XLS). To view the file, you will need the Microsoft® Excel® Viewer available for free from Microsoft®.