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Home > Historical Society > Finding Aids

Research Center

FINDING AIDS

The following collections represent only a portion of the unpublished records available at the WSHS Research Center. The first paragraph of descriptive text has been included to make your assessment of the content easier. Click the buttons to download either a Microsoft Word or Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) file.


Northern Pacific Beneficial Hospital
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Northern Pacific Hospital Records
Tacoma, Washington
1905-1930
Volume 1, Record 000-11,000
Overview:
In 1882 Northern Pacific Railroad general manager Brigadier General Herman Haupt (1817-1905) established the Northern Pacific Beneficial Association (NPBA). Employees of the railroad were offered the option to enroll in the Association for healthcare coverage for a nominal premium. By 1905 hospitals were sited across the railroad system in the states of Minnesota, Montana, and Washington. The westernmost unit was located in Tacoma, Washington.

Description:
This Excel database reflects the extraction of the first 10,000 of approximately 70,000 records at the Research Center of the Washington State Historical Society arranged in alphabetical order by last name. Included with the patient name is hospital record number, age, date of hire, job title, and nationality. Three volumes containing records 1500-2000 and 9000-10,000 are lacking. The records extracted begin with record 000 written August 2,1905 and end with record 10999 written March 16,1915.

The descriptive introduction and the actual records database may be downloaded in Microsoft Excel (XLS) or Adobe Acrobat (PDF) formats, or you may view the database in HTML format.

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Daffodilians [Daffodil Festival, Inc.; Puyallup Valley Daffodil Festival, Inc.].
MS 62
Abstract
The Daffodil parade has been a colorful annual springtime event in Tacoma, Puyallup, Sumner and Orting since 1934.

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Arthur Denny
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Arthur Armstrong Denny
MsSc 100
Background:
During Seattle's early history, Arthur Armstrong Denny was its wealthiest citizen, who owned vast property, both real estate and personal, the latter covered banking, street railway, irrigation, and other properties. He was born on June 20, 1822 near Salem, Washington County, Indiana to John and Sarah (Wilson) Denny. Denny's family subsequently settled in Knox County, Illinois where Arthur attended school. He became a civil engineer and in 1843 elected county surveyor of Know County, Illinois. Also in 1843, Arthur married Mary Ann Boren with whom he had six children: Louisa Catherine Frye, Margaret Leona Denny, Rolland Herschell Denny, Orion Orvil Denny, Arthur Wilson Denny, and Charles Latimer Denny.

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Gold mining poster illustration, 1898
Gold mining poster illustration, 1898
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Anaximander Burgess Tutton
MsSC 146
Background:
Anaximander B. Tutton was born in Illinois, 4 December 1843. He died 5 October 1910 in Tacoma, Washington.

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MANLEY-MOORE LUMBER COMPANY, diary. 1 v.
MsSC 89
Abstract:
Manley-Moore Lumber Company was headquartered at Fairfax, WA.

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HARDING, Elisha J., papers. 11 items.
MsSC 206
Abstract:
Elisha J. Harding was a captain in the Oregon Volunteers stationed at Fort Walla Walla during the Civil War..

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Cosmopolitan Club, records, l.f, 1895- 1985
MsSC 201
Abstract:
The Cosmopolitan club was founded in 1895 as a women's club to promote literary artistic and social progress.

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JONES, Frederick L., survey book. 1 v.
MsSC 186
Abstract:
Frederick L. Jones was a surveyor employed in McCloud's Party No. 3, working west from North Yakima, Washington Territory up the Ahtanum and Cowiche creek drainages in the spring of 1886.

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PADDOCK, Robert L., inventory. 1 v.
MsSC 166B
Abstract:
Robert Paddock, later Episcopal bishop of Eastern Oregon, collected ethnographic specimens for his cabinet of curios in Tacoma, Washington Territory.

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Barstow, James G., account books. 2 v.
MsSC 166A
Abstract:
James G. Barstow served as master aboard sailing ships on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts before settling in Port Townsend, W.T. in 1888.

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MONTGOMERY, John, papers. 24 items
MsSC 166
Abstract:
John Montgomery came from Scotland to the Oregon Territory in 1838, and in 1851 was employed by the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Nisqually.

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MONTGOMERY, John, papers. 24 items
MsSC 166
Abstract:
John Montgomery came from Scotland to the Oregon Territory in 1838, and in 1851 was employed by the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Nisqually.

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WOJAHN, R. Lorraine, papers, 18 linear ft.
Ms95
Abstract:
Lorraine Wojahn served as a Washington state legislator in both the House (1969-1976) and Senate (1977-2000) earning a reputation for her strong advocacy for the poor; troubled and disabled; women and children; and seniors. She was also known for her interest in public health and public awareness of preventable health threats, a patients' bill of rights, the creation of a Department of Health, support for the Equal Rights Amendment, and many projects of benefit to Tacoma and Pierce County. As President Pro Tempore, she was the first woman Senator in Washington to preside sine die.

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MILLER, Sadie (Sarah) G., diaries. 3.8 l.f. (30 v.)
Ms93
Abstract:
Sadie G. Miller was a Seattle housewife.

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Davis, Jack E., papers,
Ms92
Abstract:
Jack E. Davis was a South Puget Sound environmental activist with a particular interest in bird populations and their protection.

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MYERS, Joel, ledger. 1 v.
MsSC 205
Abstract:
Joel Myers was a farmer near Steilacoom, Washington Territory.

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JINKINS, Laurie, papers, 10.5 linear ft.
Ms 90
Abstract:
Laurie A. Jinkins, a member of the bar, is a human rights advocate and political activist in the state of Washington whose collection reflects her involvement and leadership roles in many statewide and Pierce County area organizations, task forces, and citizen's groups, including Hands Off Washington, Tacoma Hate Crimes Task Force, a state Task Force on Gay and Lesbian Concerns, and the YWCA of Tacoma / Pierce County.

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TACOMA ART LEAGUE, records, 1891-1897. 1 v.
MsSC 204
Abstract:
The Tacoma Art League was established by a group of Tacoma women in 1891 to promote art in the city.

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ROBERTS, Robert R., diaries. 10 v.
MsSC 203
Abstract:
Robert R. Roberts was superintendent of the Manley-Moore Lumber Company operations in Fairfax, WA, 1919-1932.

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MOWRY, Sylvester, papers.
MsSC 148
Abstract:
Lt. Sylvester Mowry was a member of Isaac Stevens' 1853 Pacific Railroad Survey (northern route) attempting to locate a route through the Cascade Mountains to Puget Sound.

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LONGFELLOW CHAUTAUQUA LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC CIRCLE, TACOMA, WA, records, 3 v.
MsSC 131A
Abstract:
The Longfellow Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle was organized in Tacoma, W.T. in October 1886.

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HUNT, Clair, papers, 10 items
MsSC 202
Abstract:
Clair Hunt worked as a surveyor and allotting agent on the "diminished" Colville Indian Reservation in northeastern Washington. He had a great interest in the culture of the Spokane, Columbia, and Colville tribes.

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Northern Pacific Railroad/North Yakima, records
MsSC 19
Abstract:
North Yakima, Washington Territory was a creation of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company as it built its Cascade Branch from Pasco to Tacoma in 1884-85.

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SECOR, Jan, papers. 8.5 l.f.
Ms 86
Abstract:
Jan Secor, a human rights advocate and activist involved in many regional and national organizations and campaigns, was a co-founder (1988), leader, conference and project coordinator, and participant in Women of Vision, a state of Washington not-for-profit interested in international exchanges, leadership, and women's issues.

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CARSTEN'S PACKING COMPANY, records. 4 v.
MsSC 197
Abstract:
The Carstens Packing Company was founded in Tacoma, WA in 1904 for the purpose of "slaughtering…animals and packing of meats and the manufacture of all kinds of slaughter house products."

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Monday Civic Club, records, 2 1.f, 1910-1980
MsSC 193
Abstract:
The Monday Civic Club of Tacoma was established in 1910 by women active in various charitable organizations who saw the need for a club devoted entirely to civic matters.

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NIGUMA, Rose, papers. 1.2 l.f.
Ms 91
Abstract:
Rose Niguma, a Japanese-American artist and art educator, was interned at the War Relocation Authority camp at Minidoka, ID, 1942-1945.

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ENGLE, Anna H., diary. 1 v.
MsSC 182
Abstract:
Anna H. Engle came to Whidbey Island, Washington Territory in 1877, where they settled near Coupeville.

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CULVER, Dr. Charles P., papers. 2 v.
MsSC 124
Abstract:
Dr. Charles P. Culver (1822-1899) served as a Voluntary Weather Observer at Tacoma for the State Weather Service, a branch of the Weather Bureau, a division of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, from 1890-1896.

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KUYKENDALL, George B., reminiscences. 1 v.
MsSC 182A
Abstract:
Dr. George Benson Kuykendall was a pioneer physician who served as agency doctor at the Fort Simcoe Indian Agency, Washington Territory, 1872-1882, and later established a medical practice at Pomeroy, WA.

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MENDOZA, Mona, papers. 2 l.f.
Ms 89
Abstract:
Mona Mendoza's was involved with the Hands Off Washington (HOW) campaign (1993-1994), a program of Washington Citizens for Fairness (WCF). HOW was formed to defeat proposed state legislation that would deny civil rights to individuals based on their actual or perceived sexual orientation.

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COFER, Suzanne, papers, 3.5 linear ft.
Ms 87
Abstract:
Suzanne Cofer is a political activist interested and involved in Washington state politics and the Democratic Party (1982 - 1992), particularly the Gary Hart presidential campaigns (1984 - 1988), and in the People Speak program pilot project on AIDS testing.

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McDonald, William C., diary. 1 v.
MsSC 90
Abstract:
William C. McDonald and Charles E. Taylor undertook a rowing and sailing trip around south Puget Sound in the spring of 1892.

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UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS & JOINERS, LUMBER & SAWMILL WORKERS, DISTRICT COUNCIL, TACOMA, WA, records. 2 l.f.
Ms 83
Abstract:
The Tacoma District Council of Lumber and Sawmill workers fought for better wages and hours and improved working conditions for the mill workers of Tacoma area.

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Daughters of America, Kulshan Chapter No.3 , Bellingham, WA, records.
MsSC 199
Abstract:
The Kulshan Chapter of the Daughters of America, Bellingham, WA, was chartered in 1926 to further the goals of the national organization and to provide insurance for its membership.

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LINCOLN, Abraham, letter.
MsSC 185
Abstract:
President Lincoln wrote to Rep. Cyrus Aldrich (Minnesota) regarding a case concerning Illinois land warranties, for which Lincoln was attorney for the defendant, Daniel Clapp.

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Women's Club of Tacoma, records, 5 l.f., 1904-1983
Ms 42
Abstract:
The object of the Women's Club of Tacoma was to strengthen by organization, individual effort to humanity, to promote the welfare of Tacoma by beautifying the city and improving its hygienic and other civic conditions.

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Soroptimist Club of Tacoma, records, 2 l.f, 1929-1980
Ms 81
Abstract:
The Soroptimist Club of Tacoma is a service-oriented club made up of local business women and professional women.

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Fine Arts Club of Tacoma, records, l.f, 1916-1997
MsSC 195
Abstract:
The Fine Arts Club of Tacoma was formed in 1916, to promote the fine arts in Tacoma.

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Ruth Peeler, papers, .5 l.f, 1948-1979
MsSC 196
Abstract:
An activist for state parks and historic sites, Ruth Peeler served as vice-chair of the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission from 1947 to 1953, during which time the Commission obtained and dedicated 32 parks and historical sites around the state.

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Aurora Club, records, 1 l.f., 1902-1980
MsSC 194
Abstract:
The Aurora Club of Tacoma was established in 1902 by a group of women who sought to promote the literary culture and the social improvement of its members. The club met twice a month to discuss a wide variety of academic subjects such as art history, literature reviews and the histories of people and countries around the world. The Aurora Club also produced a yearly magazine featuring essays and poems produced by the members and held an annual "Tureen Luncheon". The Aurora Club was affiliated with the Washington State Federation of Women's Clubs and the Presidents' Council of Women's Organizations of Tacoma and Pierce County.

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The Nokomis Study Club, records, 1 l.f, 1933-1994
Ms 43
Abstract:
The Nokomis Study Club was established in 1933, by five Tacoma neighborhood women intellectual stimulation and growth

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BRADLEY, Leslie L., diary 1943-44, 1 v.
MsSC 167
Abstract:
Leslie L. Bradley (1901-1962) served as a staff sergeant in the 364th squadron of the 305th bomb group flying out of England for bombing raids over Germany during World War II.

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WITTUM, Harlow B.M., papers, 2 inches
MsSC 168
Abstract:
Harlow B.M. Wittum, was a soldier with the Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, 10th Regiment, Company D, during the Civil War. He died in 1863, while a prisoner of the Confederate Army.

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DANFORTH, Clarence A., papers, 5 inches
MsSC 188
Abstract:
Clarence A. Danforth served in Company A, 19th Wisconsin Infantry. He moved to Fern Hill (near Tacoma), Washington Territory in 1884.

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TACOMA ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, records. .75 l.f.
MsSC 189
Abstract:
The Tacoma Academy of Science was established in 1891 to promote science, literature, and art in Tacoma, WA.

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UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS, Local 917/780 Astoria, OR, records. 3 v.
MsSC 187
Abstract:
Local 917 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners was established in Astoria, OR around 1906.

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BLACKWELL, Alice, reminiscence 11 pp.
MsSC 184
Abstract:
Alice Blackwell settled in New Tacoma, W.T. in 1873.

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AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS, Seattle Section, records. 2.5 l.f.
Ms 66A
Abstract:
The American Society of Civil Engineers - Seattle Section is a professional organization of engineers in the state of Washington dedicated to "the advancement of the science and profession of engineering," particularly as it relates to the organization's membership and the Seattle and Puget Sound areas.

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STACY, Amy P.S., diary. 1 v.
MsSC 181
Abstract:
Amy P.S. Stacy traveled to southeast Alaska in July and August 1892.

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WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION, OLYMPIA, WA, Records. .4 l.f.
MsSC 85
Abstract:
The Olympia local union of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union was chartered in June 1883.

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WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION, PUYALLUP, WA, Records. 2 v.
MsSC 109
Abstract:
The Puyallup local union of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union was chartered in 1892.

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FRIES, Thomas, letter.
MsSC 88
Abstract:
Thomas J. Fries was a young Pennsylvanian who went west to California in the 1850s to seek his fortune in the gold fields.

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OLES, Stuart G., papers, 1963-1964. .3 l.f.
MsSC 179
Abstract:
Stuart G. Oles served as chairman of the King County Goldwater for President Committee in 1964.

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SIMPSON, Green Berry, correspondence, 13 letters
MsSC 180
Abstract:
Green Berry Simpson joined the rush to California to search for gold in 1849.

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HALE, Calvin H., letterbook, 1862-1864
MsSC 149
Abstract:
Calvin Henry Hale (1818-1887), served as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Washington Territory, 1862-1864. In 1863 he negotiated a treaty with the Nez Perce, substantially reducing their reservation as originally granted by the Treaty of 1855.

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SEAVY, Llewellyn, papers. 1871-1927. .3 l.f.
MsSC 48
Abstract:
Llewellyn T. Seavey was a physician who practiced medicine in Port Townsend, Washington.

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SIMPSON, Guy, letter
MsSC 178
Abstract:
Guy Simpson fought in the Philippines during the Spanish American War as a volunteer with Company B of the First Idaho Volunteers.

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Carmichael, Colin, letterpress book. 1 v.
MsSC 75
Abstract:
Colin Carmichael was a hops broker in North Yakima, WA.

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Steilacoom Library Association, records. 1858-1895 (bulk 1858-1868). .5 l.f.
MsSC 47
Abstract:
The Steilacoom Library Association was founded in 1858.

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BAIRD, Bella, diary. 1914-1916. 1 v.
MsSC 46
Abstract:
Bella Baird was a school teacher in Walla Walla, Washington.

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CUTTER, Charles E., Jr., diaries. .5 l.f.
MsSC 14
Abstract:
Charles E. Cutter, Jr., attended the University of Washington, majoring in journalism.

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TACOMA FIRE DEPARTMENT. Commencement Hook and Ladder Company, No. 1, journal, 1890-1891. 1 v.
MsSC 133
Abstract:
The Commencement Hook and Ladder Company No. 1 was established in Tacoma, W.T. on October 20, 1883.

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AYER, Charles H., letter
MsSC 164
Abstract:
Charles Ayer practiced law in Olympia, Washington territory.

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PLUM, Ida Arents, diaries, 1885-1889. 3 v.
MsSC 6
Abstract:
Ida Arents Plum (1854-1933) sailed with her husband, Capt. John A. Plum (1849-1913) on the three-masted bark, J. H. Bowers, from New York, via Batavia, Dutch East Indies, and Java, to Port Townsend, Washington territory. They later sailed to various Pacific ports before settling in Port Townsend.

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HURLEY, Charles B., papers. .2 l.f.
MsSC 172
Abstract:
Charles B. Hurley (1861-19--) was a civil engineer who worked for the Mexican National Construction Company (Compania Constructora Nacional Mexicana) on the Ferrocarril de Manzanillo y Laredo branch, 1881-1884.

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EELLS, Edwin, papers, 4.3 l.f
Ms 76
Abstract:
Edwin Eells (1841-1917), was a lawyer, staunch Congregationalist, and Indian Agent to the Puyallup and Skokomish tribes in Washington Territory.

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Wright, Frederick G., diary. 1 v.
Ms SC 171
Abstract:
Frederick G. Wright traveled to Alaska and the Yukon on a gold prospecting trip in 1893. He visited areas from the Klondike/Yukon to the Pribilof Islands.

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OLZENDAM, Roderic Marble, papers. 1.2 l.f.
Ms 74
Background:
Roderic Marble Olzendam's life and work have been the subject of two books, including his autobiography Liberty's Grandson, An Unconventional Autobiography, Exposition Press, 1977 and Green Gold for America, Binford & Mort, Portland, 1982, and several articles.

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HUNT, Lewis Cass, papers, 1859-1861. 3 letters
MsSC 161
Abstract:
Lewis Cass Hunt was a captain in the U.S. Army commanding the American garrison on San Juan Island in 1859-1860.

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CHITTENDEN, Hiram Martin, papers. 3 l.f.
Ms 69
Background:
Hiram Martin Chittenden was born in Yorkshire, New York on October 25, 1858. He attended preparatory schools in western New York. Both Chittenden and his future wife, Nettie M. Parker, graduated with highest honors from Ten Broeck Free Academy, Franklinville, Cattaraugus County, New York on June 20, 1878. Chittenden went on to attend the U.S. Military Academy at West Point graduating in June, 1884 with a "Degree required by Law" preparatory to his advancement in the United States Army. At graduation he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. Six months later, Hiram Martin Chittenden and Nettie Mae Parker of Arcade, New York were married.

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Altrura Study Club. 1.3 l.f.
MsSC 169
Abstract:
The Altrura Study Club was organized in 1908 by a group of Tacoma, Washington women to "promote the Cultural Arts and Social Progress."

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SEAVEY, James, papers. 0.84 l.f.
MsSC 160
Abstract:
James Seavey settled in Jefferson County, Washington Territory, where was active in the civic life of Port Townsend. He served in many public offices, including on the Board of Pilot Commissioners for the District of Puget Sound.

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FIRST UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST, Records
Ms 37
Background:
Because of fragmentary and incomplete records, tracing the origins of the First United Church of Christ is a difficult and complicated process. This congregation began with the establishment of two churches; Emmanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Evangelical Congregational Church.

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COWLITZ, CHEHALIS AND CASCADE RAILWAY
Ms 24
Background:
Very little has been written on the Cowlitz, Chehalis and Cascade Railway. The railway was built to transport lumber out of the "tributary territory," in Lewis County. In 1912, the first eight miles of track were constructed by the Chehalis and Cowlitz Railroad Company. The Washington Electric Company acquired the Chehalis and Cowlitz in September 1912, and laid about eleven additional miles of track. The Cowlitz, Chehalis and Cascade Railway was incorporated on June 24, 1916, and acquired the nineteen miles of track from the Washington Electric Company two days later. From 1916 to 1918, the company constructed 8.32 miles of track, terminating at Lakamas. Construction continued with the last 13.894 miles of track being constructed during 1926 and 1927 from Lakamas to Cowlitz. At Cowlitz, the Cowlitz, Chehalis, and Cascade Railway's tracks connected with those of the Northern Pacific, Great Northern, Oregon-Washington Railroad and Navigation, and the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific Railroad Companies.

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TORNEY,John A., Jr., Papers
Ms 31
Background:
John A. "Jack" Torney, Junior was born July 15, 1905, in Everett, Washington. Torney graduated from Lincoln High School, in Seattle, in 1923, and in the fall, he entered the University of Washington. Graduating in 1928, he received the second Bachelors of Science degree in Physical Education offered by the department. As an undergraduate, Torney was active in intercollegiate athletics, winning his first varsity letter in track during his sophomore year. During the summers of his undergraduate studies, Torney was employed as a Beach Manager of West Green Lake Beach in Seattle, and it was this work that created great interest in swimming for Jack. His beach teams placed third the first year, and were city champions the following four years. He was also the first swimmer to compete for the University of Washington at the 1926 summer AAU competition, without the benefit of an organized team or coach. During his senior year (1927-28), Torney was hired by the director of the Physical Education Department (Henry Foster) as a "teaching assistant." On graduation, he was hired as an "associate," as Foster desired to introduce aquatic instruction into the department curriculum. To facilitate this desire, Foster convinced Torney to finish his Masters program and receive aquatic training at Columbia University in New York City. Torney attended Columbia from 1929 to 1930 graduating with a Masters of Science in Physical Education in 1930. On returning to the University of Washington, he was rehired as an instructor in the Physical Education Department. Placed in charge of the aquatic program, he also taught courses in tennis, basketball, and personal health.

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THOMAS, Norman, Papers
Ms 33
Background:
Norman Thomas was recruited in 1954, as a research associate, by the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company as a researcher for the company history: Timber and Men. At the time, he was a graduate student at the University of Minnesota. He graduated with a B. A. from Yankton College, received his Master's degree from the University of South Dakota, and his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. While working on the Weyerhaeuser Company history, he began to teach at the University of Puget Sound, and in 1957, he was hired by the University as an associate professor in the History department. While at the university, he held several positions; Dean of Faculty (1960) and Dean of the Graduate School (1965). In 1967, Thomas left the University of Puget Sound for Detroit Institute of Technology as Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Aside from the University of Puget Sound and the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, Thomas was a founding trustee of the Charles Wright Academy for boys located in Tacoma. Additional material on Norman Thomas (including an oral history) can be found at the Weyerhaeuser Archives.

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SMITH, James Francis, Papers
Ms 36
Abstract:
General James F. Smith served in the Philippine Islands during the Spanish-American War. He was appointed governor of the island of Negros and later became associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

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INDIAN SHAKER CHURCH OF WASHINGTON, Records
Ms 29
Background:
An indigenous native American Christian movement, the Indian Shaker Church of Washington had its beginnings in the Winter of 1882-83 with the visions of John Slocum. Indian Shakers believe that their religion is an instrument of God to provide relief to Indians in their time of need.

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HOOKER, Albert Huntington, Jr. Papers
Ms 39
Background:
The eldest son of Albert H. and Ambolena (Jones), Albert Hooker, Junior was born in Chicago, Illinois on April 6, 1895. His father (Albert, Sr.) was a chemist, electrochemist, and executive with the Hooker Electrochemical Company. The younger Albert graduated from the Hill School at Pottstown, PA., in 1914, and attended Cornell University. There, he studied chemical engineering and ran on the track and cross-country teams until the entry of the United States into World War 1 interrupted his studies. In 1917, Albert enlisted as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Gas Service and was sent overseas with the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) in December as assistant to Colonel Raymond F. Bacon. He served as gas officer of the 27th Division from 1917 to 1919 and was awarded the Silver Star and the Purple Heart for gallantry in action (Hooker's military career is documented in this collection). On returning to the United States, Hooker resumed his studies at Cornell University, graduating with a B.S. in Chemistry in 1920.

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THOMPSON, George Oscar, papers. 1 l.f.
Ms 70
Abstract
During World War I, George O. Thompson served in the U.S. Navy, where he was assigned to Submarine Chaser #309, stationed in southeastern Alaska. He and his wife, Letha, carried on an extensive correspondence.

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CHAPLIN, Ralph Hosea (1887-1961), papers, 6 l.f.
Ms 71
Abstract
Ralph Hosea Chaplin was active in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and the radical labor movement for most of the first half of the twentieth century.

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MATTESON, Oliver Osmond, papers. .6 l.f.
Ms SC 92
Abstract
Oliver O. Matteson was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1917 and assigned to the 36th Spruce Squadron (Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen) for the duration of World War I.

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PAVOLA, Curt, papers. 10.5 l.f.
Ms 72
Abstract
Curt Pavola is a human and civil rights activist and advocate, particularly for gay men, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals, and is extremely involved in Washington's local and state legislative processes (1980s-present), and statewide advocacy and awareness groups, such as Lavender Pride, Running Proud, Hands Off Washington, and Capital City Pride.

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TUCKER, Joseph Henry (1863-1944), papers 6.25 l.f.
Ms 65
Abstract
Joseph Henry Tucker was a timber man who worked in the forests of Washington, Oregon, California, and the Philippines. The bulk of his career was spent in the Redwood forests of Mendocino, Sonoma, Humboldt, and Santa Cruz counties in Northern California.

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RYNO, Margaret (1835- ), diary. 1 v.
MsSC 162
Abstract
Margaret Ryno came to Roslyn, WA with her husband and family in 1900. She was a housewife and he a carpenter. A son worked in the coal mines.

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McFADON, Donald (1886-1976), papers. 1 l.f.
Ms 73
Abstract
Donald McFadon bought and sold timberlands in Washington and Oregon.

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Harry Garrity, papers. 14 letters
MsSC 80
Abstract
Harry Garrity was an absentee landlord, a resident of Murray, UT, who hired J.M. Sitton to manage his wheat ranch near Washtucna, WA, 1905-1914.

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Clarence Arthur. Vandiveer, papers. .5 l.f.
MsSC 54
Abstract
Clarence A. Vandiveer (1881-1971), was an amateur historian who published Fur Trade and Early Western Exploration in 1929. His manuscript, The Old Oregon Trail, was never published. He also wrote numerous articles for periodicals and journals.

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Edmond Kidder Pendergast, papers. .5 l.f.
MsSC 1
Abstract
Edmond Kidder Pendergast (1862-1916), was land speculator and attorney who practiced law in Spokane Falls, Waterville, Conconully, and Okanogan, Washington.

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Richard Urquhart Goode, diaries. 2 v.
MsSC 135
Abstract
Richard U. Goode, a topographer with the Northern Transcontinental Survey, participated in a survey of portions of Chelan, Kittitas, Yakima and Walla Walla counties in central Washington territory, from May through November 1883.

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Ira D. Cardiff, papers. .3 l.f.
MsSC 53
Abstract
Dr. Ira D. Cardiff was head of the Botany and Plant Physiology department at the State College of Washington in Pullman, WA, 1913-1917, and head of the Washington State Agricultural Experiment Station, 1914-1917.

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Magnolia Beach Improvement Association
MsSC 158
Background:
The Magnolia Beach Improvement Association was incorporated in 1909 by residents of Magnolia Beach, Vashon Island, King County, Washington. Eight purposes were listed in the articles of incorporation.

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Alexander Wild Thornely
MsSC 21
Background:
Alexander Wild Thornely was born in Wrexham Wales in 1845. In the late 1860s he went to Iquitos, Peru, on the upper Amazon, to manage the mercantile interests of the Mouraille brothers. He came to the United States around 1875 and to Tacoma, Washington in 1889, where he was engaged in the feed and grain business before becoming a customs broker. In 1906 he was appointed Mexican vice consul in Tacoma, a position he held until his death by murder in 1908.

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Furniture Workers Union, Local 1719/3119, Tacoma, WA
MsSC 159
History:
Furniture Workers Union Local 1719 was chartered in Tacoma, WA in August 1933. At the time Tacoma was home to several larger and a number of smaller furniture manufacturing companies. During the winter of 1934-35 conditions at Northwest Chair Company deteriorated to a point that prompted the employees to call a strike. The strike lasted several weeks and ended without any significant wage increases. However, an agreement was reached that dictated equal pay to men and women working in the same classification. In 1936 Local 1719 was renumbered to Local 3119.

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Richard Graham
MsSC 144
Background:
In May, 1900, Richard Graham left his wife and daughter in Santa Clara, CA, and boarded the S.S. Ohio, bound for the gold rush at Nome, AK. He arrived in Seattle on 18 May and remained there six days before again boarding the Ohio to continue his trip north. At Nome he joined several men in acquiring and working a claim on Buster Creek, about fifteen miles up the Nome River. After six weeks of hard work and little success, Graham and his friends abandoned their dreams of gold and wealth and returned to California.

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United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, Millmen's Local 338, Seattle, WA
Ms 59
Background:
The Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America was founded in Chicago in August 1881 (renamed United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America in 1888), as a response to the changing nature of the construction industry in the late nineteenth century.

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Daniel Houck Byrd (1827-1875)
MsSC 93
Background:
Daniel Houck Byrd was born in Ohio 12 May 1827 and came to Steilacoom, Washington Territory in 1859, where he operated a general store and a wharf at the foot of Main Street. Around 1870 he went to Pilor Rock, OR, where he died 9 August 1875.

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New England Society of Washington Territory
MsSC 97
Background:
The New England Society of Washington Territory was founded in Olympia, W.T., in 1869 to "keep alive the New England spirit, and by recalling the virtues, trials, and heroism of the past, to foster similar traits in the present and future generations, and to encourage the spirit of harmony and sociability..."

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Harstad Lumber Company
MsSC 99
Background:
The Harstad Lumber Company was established in 1923 by Theo., Amund, and Oliver Harstad. The company's mill was near South Prairie, WA, with offices at Yelm. The corporation ceased operation in 1935.

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Rev. Samuel G. Havermale
Rev. Samuel G. Havermale
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Rev. Samuel G. Havermale
MsSC 147
Biography:
Samuel Havermale was born on 15 October 1824 in Sharpsburg, MD. Over the next twenty years his family moved westward, first to Ohio, then Illinois where, in 1849, he was licensed as a minister in the Methodist Church.

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Andriette Leacock Bowen
MsSC 152
Biography:
Andriette Leacock Bowen was born in Tacoma, WA on 3 September 1892. She attended a private school in Tacoma, where she developed a lifelong interest in music. Miss Bowen moved to Santa Barbara, CA in 1923, where she married W. Edwin Gledhill in 1935. She died 7 February 1979.

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Isaac Straight
MsSC 153
Biography:
Isaac Straight was born in Washington County, NY, 19 January 1817. He located in Walla Walla Washington territory in 1871, where his son, Z.K. Straight operated a jewelry business. He died in Walla Walla, 18 February 1892.

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Cal Anderson
Ms 53
Background:
Born in Seattle on May 2, 1948, Cal Anderson died of complications from AIDS, August 4, 1995. He lived in the Seattle area all his life and was a graduate of Foster High School in Tukwila. Always involved in public service, Cal was Administrative Aide to Seattle Council member George Benson and Appointments Secretary to Seattle Mayor Charles Royer.

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Peoples Bank of Stanwood
MsSC 154
Background:
Encouraged by the success of the local cooperative creamery and a cooperative store, a group of citizens of the East Stanwood [Washington] area met in 1908 to discuss the possibility of establishing a bank through the agency of the Peoples Union.

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American Red Cross
Tacoma-Pierce County Chapter
Ms 46
Background:
Spanish-American War soldiers quartered in the old Exposition building in Tacoma, Washington gave impetus to the formation of the Pierce County Society one of two Red Cross chapters in Washington formed in 1898. More than 100 men and women joined at a meeting in Chickering Hall. Louis D. Campbell was elected president. The headquarters was set in the Tacoma City Hall. The young chapter fed soldiers and rolled bandages.

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Oscar J. Bergoust Collection
MsSC 118
Background:
None available

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George H. Boldt Papers
Ms 45
Background:
The son of Swedish immigrants, George H. Boldt was born on December 28, 1903 in Chicago. After graduating from the University of Montana Law School in 1926, he migrated to Tacoma and formed a law partnership with A.E. Blair. Representing the State of Washington, Boldt worked as a special assistant attorney general in litigation involving the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse and in the acquisition of the Puget Sound ferry system. He served in World War II with the office of Strategic Services (OSS) in the Burma Campaign and in the China theater of the war.

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Leslie Brachtenbach Papers
MsSC 123
Background:
Leslie Brachtenbach was born in Sidney, Nebraska in 1921 and came to Tacoma in 1962, where he worked as service mechanic for the Tacoma Water Department. Serving in the Navy in both World War II and the Korean War, Brachtenbach held a membership in the Fleet Reserve Association. He was a brother of State Supreme Court Justice Robert Brachtenbach. Leslie Brachtenbach died in February 1980.

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Harry P. Cain
Ms 55
Background:
Harry Pulliam Cain was born on January 10, 1906 in Nashville, Tennessee. He attended Hill Military Academy in Portland, Oregon and the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. In 1929, he returned to Tacoma and worked in the trust department of the Bank of California. Throughout his tenure at the bank, he was involved with the Washington Banker's Association. He resigned from the bank in 1939 to campaign for mayor. Prior to his campaign, Cain managed the 1939 Washington State Golden Jubilee in Tacoma.

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John Canse Papers
Background:
The Reverend John Canse was a Methodist minister and historian active in the affairs of the Washington State Historical Society (WSHS). He served on the WSHS Board of Curators from 1918 to 1940 and was elected President of the Board in 1942. Canse researched and wrote a number of essays on Methodist history in the Pacific Northwest.

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Commencement Bay Tideland Owners Committee
(CBTOC)
Ms 30
Background:
Commencement Bay Tideland Owners Committee (CBTOC) formed in response to the Puyallup Tribe filing suit in federal court on June 13, 1984. The litigation was based upon ownership dispute between the Tribe and the Port of Tacoma and Union Pacific Railroad (UP). It was the Tribe's position that the Treaty of Medicine Creek in 1854 and two Presidential Executive Orders in 1857 and 1873 gave the Indians ownership of much of the lands on the Sitcum, Blair and Hylebos Waterways.

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Harvey C. Condon Papers
MsSC 140
Background:
Although verifiable sources indicate that Harvey C. Condon was born in 1862 in Albany, Oregon, much of his life remains a mystery. Existing sources documenting his life contain conflicting information. After spending the early years of his life in Oregon, Harvey spent the remainder of his life primarily in Washington state. According to the History of Yakima County, after Harvey attained "man's estate (he) took up ranching near Tacoma." He married Emma McIteeny, who was born in Boise City, Idaho. Oregon Geographic Names indicates Harvey practiced law in Arlington (or Alkali, as it was then known), Oregon "about 1882 and was a member of the firm of Condon and Cornish."

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Culinary Alliance
MsSC 141
Local 730
Bremerton, Washington
Background:
Local 730 was organized on November 14, 1914 at Bremerton, Washington and was initially composed of white men and women working in the hotel and restaurant industry. "Orientals" and other non-white persons were not welcomed into its ranks until later. Local 730 played a prominent role in establishing "wage scales" for various positions in the hospitality industry in Kitsap County for approximately fifty years.

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The Downtown Tacoma Association
Ms 41
Background:
At a meeting of their respective boards on November 8, 1968, the Central Association of Tacoma and the Downtown Merchants' Association (Tacoma Retail Trade Bureau) voted favorably to merge into one new organization called the Downtown Tacoma Association. The membership of both organizations voted for the merger in a joint meeting held on November 22, 1968. On January 1, 1969, the Downtown Tacoma Association was born for the purpose of promoting and developing retail trade in the City of Tacoma. Other purposes included: assisting in the beautification and improvement of the city, especially the downtown area; sponsoring and promoting municipal improvement services; and assisting in furthering the economic, social and cultural growth in the central business district of Tacoma.

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John Flett Papers
MsSC 120
Background:
Born in Winnipeg, Canada on August 5, 1815 to George and Margaret Whilford Flett, John Flett resided during much of his youth at the Red River Settlement in Manitoba, where his father worked for the Hudson's Bay Company. Aside from a year spent in the U.S. in Chicago and Minnesota, Flett lived continuously at the Red River Settlement from 1822 until 1841 working as a blacksmith, hunter, and trapper. In 1841, John Flett, his wife Charlotte Bird Flett, and two daughters Eliza and Arilla, were among one of 23 families who accepted an offer by the Hudson's Bay Company to settle the Puget Sound area near Fort Nisqually. Seeking in part to strengthen the British claim on the country, the Hudson's Bay Company offered to provide each family ten pounds in advance and supplies for the journey. Accompanying John Flett on the journey west were three of his brothers, David, William George, and James, and their families. Arriving in the Nisqually region in November 1841, the Red River colonists found that the promises of company support had evaporated leaving the immigrants, most of whom subsequently left for the Willamette Valley, on their own. Although John Flett and his brothers tried to settle on the Nisqually Basin without assistance, the inability to secure livestock forced them to leave the region as well. Flett subsequently filed and received a donation land claim of 640 acres of land near Forest Grove, Oregon, where he resided for 17 years from 1842 to 1859.

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Tom Flint Papers
Ms 50
2000
Background:
Tom Flint was born in 1956 in Indianapolis, Indiana. After completing his early education he studied for the priesthood in the Roman Catholic Church from 1976 to 1981. In 1981, Flint graduated from St. Pius X College Seminary in Covington, Kentucky with a BA in Philosophy. He then pursued graduate studies in philosophy and theology at St. Mary's College in Emmitsburg, Maryland.

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E.A Hesseltine Papers
MsSC 119
Background:
E.A. Hesseltine was born in Brown County, Kansas on June 25, 1860. Having received little in the way of formal education due to his family's constant movement on the Plains, Hesseltine largely pursued his own education through reading and night school classes. A voracious appetite for books and a propensity for learning enabled Hesseltine, in spite of his lack of academic training, to teach in local schools from the age of eighteen. In 1882, Hesseltine homesteaded six miles north of Wilbur, Washington, where he cultivated wheat and continued to teach. In 1887, Hesseltine began a long and distinguished legal career by entering the Spokane law firm of Turner and Forester as a clerk. This position gave Hesseltine the opportunity to study the law. Within a year, Hesseltine had sufficiently acquainted himself with the law to pass the State Bar and establish a practice in Wilbur.

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Millard Hileman
Ms 54
Background:
Millard Hileman was born August 6, 1914. He enlisted in the Air Corps Ordnance in 1941 and was sent to Manila and Clark Field in the Philippines. He served with the 698th Ordnance as part of a twelve-man demolition team. On April 9, 1942, Clark Field surrendered to the Japanese but Hileman decided to escape with six others in the jungle. He spent the next year living with sympathetic Filipinos. During this time, he suffered malaria and dysentery. Millard surrendered to the Japanese on June 18, 1943 and was sent to San Fernando Prison. On June 27, 1943, he was transferred to Bilibid Prison and designated as a Special Prisoner. August 11, 1943, he received a red tag with sixteen others. They left on August 13, 1943 for Cabanatuan Prison and lived with the other 'red tags.' He suffered from diphtheria at Cabanatuan. July 20, 1944 Millard was sent to Fukuoka Camp No. 3 in southern Japan aboard the Nissyo Maru. There he suffered pneumonia and a broken foot. At the end of the war, the American army sent him back to Clark Field. He went home aboard the Klipfontein and docked in Seattle. Hileman died in Prosser, Washington.

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J. Neils Lumber Company
Ms 58
Background:
The J. Neils Lumber Company was incorporated in Sauk Rapids, Minnesota on March 23, 1895 by Julius Neils and Thomas Shevlin. The company expanded in 1899 with the purchase of a second mill located at Cass Lake, Minnesota. In 1919, the company repurchased the Libby Lumber Company in Libby, Montana from the Shevlin Company. Once the timber supply was exhausted in Cass Lake area, the Cass Lake operation ended in 1925. With the close of this mill, the company desired a second mill. Walter Neils heard about the financial difficulties of the Western Pine Lumber Company in Klickitat, Washington and suggested the company look at this location. After touring the entire timbered area, J. Neils Lumber Company took possession on June 1, 1922.

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Martin Kilian Papers
MsSC 121
Background:
Martin Kilian was born in Seattle, Washington in 1897 to Dora and H.F. Kilian. In 1915, at the age of 17, Martin Kilian left Seattle for Alaska with his brother Hermann to work in the whaling trade. Traveling on the same ship as his brother, who was an engineer, Martin and rest of the crew of the vessel Polar Bear encountered renown Canadian/Icelandic explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson near Banks Land. Proceeding toward Herschell Island, Stefansson made arrangements with the Captain of the Polar Bear to purchase the vessel and hire part of the crew for explorations of the Arctic and Northern Alaska. Both Martin and Hermann were among the crew members selected by Stefansson for the journey. Martin Kilian spent the next four years with Stefansson and his Chief Lieutenant Storker Storkerson in mapping the northern coasts of Alaska and other scientific projects and explorations. Hermann Kilian spent three years with Stefansson and returned to Seattle a year earlier than Martin.

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McCormick Family Papers
Ms 44
Background:
Robert Laird McCormick was born near Lock Haven, Pennsylvania on October 29, 1847. Both of his grandfathers fought in the War of 1812 and his great-grandfather served in the Revolutionary Army. McCormick attended school at Sunders Institute in Philadelphia and at the Tuscarosa Academy in Mifflin, PA. He left the Academy before graduating, however, and entered the employ of the Pennsylvania Erie Railroad as station clerk. In 1867, he married Anna E. Goodman in Ohio. They had three children; Blanche Amelia, William Laird and Robert Allen. In 1868, he took charge of the office of Laird, Norton and Company in Winona, Minnesota remaining there for six years. McCormick purchased a retail lumber yard in 1874, in Waseca, Minnesota. He owned this lumber yard until 1881. During this time he was mayor of Waseca (1875-1880) and acted as auditor for Laird, Norton and Company.

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Robert S. More Papers
MsSC 134
Background:
Robert Smith More was born on October 18, 1828 near Glasgow, Scotland. At the age of five, More's parents immigrated to the U.S. and settled in Thompsonville, Connecticut, where More resided until he was twenty. Heading west in 1848, More spent in four years in Illinois before deciding to establish a squatter's claim in the Willamette Valley in Oregon. After a particularly harsh winter there in 1852-1853, More moved north to Steilacoom, Washington Territory, where he worked in a sawmill and joined a party organized to cut a trail to the summit of Natches Pass. In 1854, More filed a donation land claim on the Puyallup River, near present-day Sumner. At the onset of the Indian Wars, More enlisted in the First Washington Regiment of Volunteers in 1855, where he rose to the rank of First Lieutenant and commanded a company of troops. After the war, More married Rebecca Wright in 1858 and returned to his homestead in 1860, where he remained until his death. More augmented his farm income through occasional carpentry work. More was active in the political affairs of the region, twice becoming elected a territorial representative and a member of the Pierce County board of commissioners. He was also a member of the Washington State constitutional convention in 1889. More died in 1904.

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Oakville State Bank
MsSC 130
Background:
The Oakville State Bank was incorporated on August 14, 1909 by C.R. Harper and C.C. Scates. Scates became the bank's first cashier, while Harper's shares were acquired by Colonel William T. Perkins in 1910, who managed the business as president until the 1920's. Following a spate of financial mismanagement that included carrying overdrafts and unauthorized loans in 1929 and 1930, the bank was sold in 1931 to the Guaranty Bank of Centralia group. Between 1950 and 1972, the firm changed its name several times, becoming Tenino-Oakville Bank in 1950, Thurston County Bank in 1961, and finally, the Bank of Olympia in 1972. It merged with the Puget Sound National Bank in 1981.

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Order of the Sons of Hermann
MsSc 110
Background:
Named for Hermann the "Cherusker," who united the German tribes against Roman invaders, the Order of the Sons of Hermann had its origins as a mutual protection society for the protection of German immigrants in New York City during the 1840s. Washington State's first Order of the Sons of Hermann lodge was organized in Tacoma in 1889. The German community in Seattle formed Washington's second lodge in 1890 and within five years lodges had been formed in Bellingham, Everett, Spokane, Uniontown, Walla-Walla, and Chehalis. The order promoted the love of German language and preservation of German traditions and customs. Also provided for members was low cost insurance. The Tacoma and Seattle lodges were still in operation in 1977. However, by the 1990s these lodges had ceased to exist.

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William Charles Painter Papers
MsSC 128
Background:
William C. Painter was born on April 18, 1830, in St. Genevieve, Missouri, to Philip Painter and Jean McDowall Painter. In 1850, the Painter Family began a westward trek to Oregon that cost the lives of Philip and two of the family's sons. The mother and remaining children continued the journey and eventually secured Donation Land Claims in Washington County, Oregon, where William resided until 1863. In Oregon, Painter attended Tualatin Academy (later Pacific University) in Forest Grove. Enlisting as a volunteer with Company D of the First Oregon Mounted Patrol, Painter fought in the Indian Wars of 1855-56 and later, in a battle against the Bannock and Piute Indians in 1878.

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Pierce County Medical Society
Ms 8
Background:
The Pierce County Medical Society (PCMS) was incorporated in 1888. Among the stated purposes of the Society is to advance medical education in the region, encourage community intercourse on medical and health issues, and to advocate for its members and other physicians in Pierce County. PCMS was established to function as a part of a system of city, county, and district medical societies under the direction of the Washington State Medical Association. In 1917, PCMS members organized the Pierce County Industrial Medical Bureau, which sought to handle workmen's compensation claims.

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Edgar Prescott Papers
MsSC 127
Background:
Edgar Prescott was born on October 25, 1908 in Kimball, Nebraska. Having received degrees from the Colorado State College of Education, Prescott taught high school English and history in Colorado for 10 years before moving to Yelm, Washington in 1944. After teaching in Yelm for 25 years, Prescott retired and moved to Panorama City in Lacey in 1971. In his retirement, Prescott wrote poetry, short stories, and articles for magazines and local newspapers. In 1984, Prescott wrote stories for The Olympian in a column called "The Guest Room." In addition to four volumes of poetry, Prescott published works on the Wilcox Family of Roy, Washington and several articles on Yelm history. He died in 1990.

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Donald Pugnetti Papers
Ms 48
Background:
Donald Pugnetti was born on April 18, 1917 in Carbonado, Washington to Antonio and Mary Pugnetti. Spending much of his childhood in Tacoma, where he attended Lincoln High School, Pugnetti graduated from the University of Washington in 1941 with a journalism degree. After having worked as a reporter for the Tacoma News Tribune (TNT) and an editor for the Seattle Chamber of Commerce's newsletter Seattle Business in 1945-47, Pugnetti landed a job as an editor for the Tri-City Herald (TCH) in Pasco, Washington. While working for the Herald, Pugnetti tirelessly lobbied for a facility designed to convert steam waste from the Hanford Nuclear Plant into electricity, a stance for which he received the Thomas Stokes Award for Journalism in 1963. In 1973, Pugnetti returned to Tacoma to work for TNT as Editor, a position he held until retiring in 1985. He died a year later in 1986. Pugnetti's wife, Frances, chronicled her husband's life as a journalist in the book, Tiger By The Tail.

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Frances Pugnetti Papers
M2 49
Background:
Born and raised in Tacoma, Frances Taylor attended Washington State University, where she received a degree in Journalism. During War World II, she returned to Tacoma to work as a reporter for the Tacoma News Tribune. In 1947, she met and married fellow Tribune reporter Donald Pugnetti. That same year, Donald landed a job as Managing Editor of the Tri-City Herald and the couple moved to Pasco. At the Herald, Frances Pugnetti organized the newspaper's women's section and occasionally worked as an Editor. In 1975, Frances published Tiger By the Tail, a history of the Tri-City Herald's first twenty-five years in publication.

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Red and Black Books Collective
Ms 51
Background:
Red and Black Books Collective began on May 1, 1973 as an outgrowth of the Id, an early leftist bookstore in Seattle that was involved in the social upheaval of the 1960's. The Red and Black name came from the membership of the collective, anarchists and socialists, but early on the anarchists left to form Left Bank Books. Because the collective believed that access to information was critical for empowerment the bookstore focused on politics and providing the community with ideas and information not readily available elsewhere. The store was a vehicle for social change, promotion of progressive perspectives on issues such as feminism, respect for the environment, and alternative lifestyles and families.

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Charles H. Ross Papers
MsSC 116
Background:
Charles H. Ross was born on September 3, 1851, in a covered wagon in the Blue Mountains of Oregon, near Pendleton. His parents Daries M. Ross and Eliza J. Stewart, were en route from Iowa to the Pacific coast over the old Oregon Trail. They arrived in Portland on September 12, 1851. After spending the winter in Portland, the Ross family moved to a homestead near Longview. In 1863, he moved with his parents to Pierce County in Washington Territory. Two years later the family settled on a homestead in the Puyallup Valley.

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Frank C. Ross Papers
MsSC 101
Background:
Frank C. Ross was born in Pittsfield, Illinois, on March 20, 1858 to Martha and Marcellus Ross. Raised and educated in Pike County, Illinois, Ross made his first visit to the west coast in 1877. Two years later, he followed his brother Charles to Tacoma. After his arrival, he operated several businesses before opening a real estate office in 1883. In 1881, Frank joined in a partnership with his brother in the "fruit confectionery business," a venture that was successful and lasted until Charles' death in 1883.

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Seattle General Hospital
Ms 38
Background:
Seattle General Hospital began serving the people of Seattle July 1, 1895. It was formed by a group of civic-minded women who favored establishment of a Protestant hospital to be the community's second private hospital. The first location was a three-story frame building known as the Avon House at 2823 First Avenue between Clay and Broad Streets. In 1897, Seattle General was moved to the Sarah B. Yesler home at Second Avenue North and Republican Street. This site is now included in the Seattle Center grounds. By 1899, the Deaconess Home Society of the Methodist Church acquired the assets of the hospital, providing it with stronger organizational backing. A new five story facility was built at 909 Fifth Avenue and opened in November 1900. It continued in use for 71 years. A wing paralleling Fifth Avenue was added in 1905, bringing the hospital capacity to 125 beds. In 1907, a seven-bed ward was set aside for the care of children which was the beginning of Children's Orthopedic Hospital. The hospital operated under the auspices of the Methodist Church until 1935. At that time, a voluntary nonprofit corporation was formed to assume its ownership and operation.

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Seattle Rainier Baseball Club Records
MsSC 139
Background:
Organized baseball (both minor and major league) has enjoyed a varied career in Seattle since 1890. Over the years, Seattle baseball teams have been known by many names: the Reds, the Braves, the Siwashes, the Indians, the Rainiers, the Angels, the Pilots, and the Mariners. Emil Sick, a Pacific Northwest beer baron, purchased the nearly bankrupt Indians in 1937 and, in order to celebrate the return of the Rainier brand name to the Northwest from San Francisco, gave the name to the team.

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George Smitley Papers
MsSC 132
Background:
George A. Smitley was born on July 8, 1872 in Fort Wayne, Indiana to John I. And Mary C. (Torbet) Smitley. Receiving about 4 years of formal education, Smitley became a traveling salesman for the Majestic Manufacturing Company at the age of 18 and worked on the road for them for 12 years. In 1905, Smitley came to Tacoma and worked for the C. E. Horton Furniture Company until 1914. In Tacoma, Smitley became involved in the local Elks Lodge, eventually assuming the position of secretary and manager. In addition to the Elks, Smitley was involved in the Masons, the Lions Club, the Tacoma Gun Club, and the Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Having held no previous political office, Smitley ran for mayor of Tacoma in 1934 and served one four-year term. Smitley died in 1956.

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Harriet Mary Overton Stimson Papers
MsSC 143
Background:
Harriet Mary Overton (1862-1936), originally from Adams County, New York and educated to be a professional musician at Ann Arbor, Michigan, married Charles Douglas (C.D.) Stimson (1857-1929) at Big Rapids, Michigan in 1892. C.D.'s father, Thomas Douglas (T.D.) Stimson (1827-1896), founder of a vast timber and real estate empire, established a family business in Michigan and Minnesota, but eventually invested heavily in Pacific Northwest timber and real estate. As a part of the family's effort to expand its empire, C.D. and Harriet moved to the Puget Sound area in the fall of 1888. After much thought, C.D. purchased a dilapidated mill at Ballard, Washington in 1889. The Stimson Mill Company became a major part of the Stimson Land Company, which was founded in April of 1889 and eventually controlled tens of thousands of acres of valuable timber. These investments, among many others, enabled the Stimson family to ascend the Seattle social ladder and play a major role in the city's development during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

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Frank Streamer Papers
MsSC 129
Background:
Frank Streamer was born in 1834 in Williamsburg, Pennsylvania to German immigrant parents. Educated by private tutors, little is known about Streamer's early adulthood or life in the Midwest beyond the fact that he worked for the Omaha Herald. In 1876, Streamer came to the Puget Sound region, where a brother, Charles, had settled several years before. Moving to Ellensburg in 1877, Streamer got himself appointed a Notary Public and briefly worked as a teacher. Between 1878 and 1888, Streamer led a largely nomadic life, traveling throughout the Western U.S. and Mexico, although returning frequently to the Washington Territory as his home. Aside from working as an occasional Indian scout and interpreter for the government and submitting articles to newspapers, Streamer did not have a steady source of employment. For reasons unknown today, Streamer was committed to the Medical Lake Hospital for the Insane. Streamer died at the hospital in 1912.

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Tacoma Boys Club
MsSC 131
Background:
The Tacoma Boys Club was founded in 1940 by Judge Fred Remann in order to provide an outlet. Located in a two-story frame building on 711 South 25th Street, the Tacoma Boys Club offered boys from 8 to 15 years of age a recreational resource which included game rooms, a library, gym, and a camp at Lake Boren. Although the Tacoma Boys Club was under the guidance of the Salvation Army, which owned the facilities and provided the club an annual budget, a local board of directors and president were largely responsible for the daily operations of the club. The club lasted until 1981.

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Tacoma Chamber of Commerce
Ms 40
Background:
Evolving through many incarnations, the Tacoma Chamber of Commerce has had a tremendous impact on the growth and development of the city. Little has been written on the history of the Tacoma Chamber of Commerce (apparently the chamber never wrote a history). However, this collection contains a wealth of information on the early history of the chamber of commerce.

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Tacoma Lesbian Concern
MS 47
Background:
Founded in 1979, Tacoma Lesbian Concern (TLC) originated as a discussion group for lesbians in Tacoma which sought to establish an educational forum and safe place for socializing. A newsletter for the group was started in that same year to publicize upcoming TLC events. Among the social events organized by TLC included an annual dance, Winter Retreat, camping trips, picnics, Halloween parties, and occasional trips to Seattle, the Columbia Gorge, and others.

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John Tanghe Papers
MsSC 122
Background:
John Tanghe was born on May 21, 1920 in Sunnyside, Washington. Growing up on a farm in Outlook, Washington, Tanghe moved to Tacoma in 1939 to attend business college and eventually found work with a local builders supply firm, Johnson and Lundgren. Drafted into the Army in March 1942, Tanghe served 33 months in North Africa as a depot-supply clerk. He came back to Tacoma in November 1945 and worked for his former employer, Art Lundgren, until retiring in 1985.

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E. Tappan Tannatt Papers
MsSC 107
Background:
E. Tappan Tannatt was born in Manchester, Massachusetts on September 16, 1864, to General T.R. Tannatt, a native of New York, and Elizabeth F. Tappan. In 1881, he headed west and became involved with early engineering parties in early development work of the Oregon Rail-way and Navigation Company. Working on the Huntington line, he remained with the Company until 1883, leaving to work with the Oregon Improvement Company. Sometime before 1886, he left the Pacific North-west and attended the University of Illinois. He returned to the Pacific Northwest in 1886 and by 1891 was elected county surveyor of Latah County, Idaho, a position he held for two years. Surveying in Idaho and Eastern Washington, Tannatt discovered that he needed additional training along professional lines. To further this goal, he entered the Washington State College at Pullman, in 1895. In 1898, he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Science and Electrical Engineering.

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Jack Edward Tanner
Ms 57
Background:
Born on January 28, 1919 to Emma (Trixie) and Ernest (Ernie) Tanner, Jack Edward Tanner has lived in Tacoma all his life. Jack attended Stadium High School where he excelled in football and baseball. In 1943, Jack joined the Army and served in one of its segregated "Jim Crow" units. Jack returned to Tacoma and the waterfront as a longshoreman in 1945.

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Stuart Ramsay Tompkins Papers
MsSC 138
Background:
Stuart Ramsay Tompkins was born on June 26, 1886 in Ontario, Canada. Following Stuart's birth, his father, Charles Abraham Tompkins, decided to take his mother, Martha Jane McNish, and their five children to homestead in Saskatchewan. At that time, Canada was in the process of being "opened-up" during the westward push of the Canadian Pacific Railroad. Shortly after arriving in Saskatchewan, Martha discovered that Charles was penniless and that there were no churches and schools in the area. Consequently, she decided that their future prospects were grim. After arranging for her husband to work for a family member near Toronto, they settled in Brockville, Ontario. However, this arrangement did not last and Charles soon abandoned the family, leaving Martha to raise their five children alone.

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Robert G. Walker Papers
MsSC 115
Background:
Robert Gile Walker was born in 1869 in Springfield, Illinois. Moving to Washington in 1888, Walker joined the Washington National Guard for three years, working as a Sergeant. In 1890, Walker formed a real estate partnership with Paul Dakin in Tacoma. Between 1897 and 1901, Walker made five trips to the Klondike and Nome in search of gold. After his fifth and final exploration in Nome, Alaska, Walker returned to Tacoma, where he married Marie Katherine Heilig in 1901 and continued to run a successful real estate business. He died on April 24, 1943.

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Women of Vision
Ms 52
Background:
Women of Vision is a nonprofit organization whose members are a group of community leaders in Tacoma, Washington, organized to create opportunities to effect change for the betterment of women of all nationalities through the development, support, and promotion of all women as leaders and through international and intercultural communication among women. Women of Vision is a small, facilitative, action-oriented group that organizes and sponsors opportunities for women to come together to increase their understanding of one another, explore opportunities open to them and be aware of the obligation they have assumed. All funds raised by the all volunteer, nonprofit organization are used to further its goals, as the organization does not maintain an office or a staff.

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George N. Worden Papers
MsSC 125
Background:
George Newton Worden was born November 13, 1889. Graduating from the College of Agriculture of the University of Maine in 1913, Worden worked for over twenty years as a County Agricultural Agent in both Maine and Washington State. In 1943, Worden was hired as an Assistant County Agent in the Truck Corps by the Agricultural Extension Service at Washington State College, a job that entailed the investigation of farms in King and Pierce Counties that employed labor by selective service registrants. Throughout his career as an Agricultural Agent, Worden researched the usage of fertilizers for agriculture and wrote a number of articles for reports and newsletters on the subject.

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Henry L. and Sarah Yesler Papers
MsSC 117
Background:
Born in Washington County, Maryland, on November 30, 1810, Henry Yesler received a minimal public education. At a young age he worked as a carpenter and millwright before moving to Massillon, Ohio in 1830. In Massillon, he worked in a sawmill gaining the skills he would later need in the Pacific Northwest. On December 31, 1839, Yesler married Sarah Burgert. Sarah was born on January 18, 1822, in Paris, Ohio. They had one son and a daughter, both of whom died in infancy.

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