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A gastrectomy is a partial or full surgical removal of the stomach. The first successful gastrectomy was performed by Theodor Billroth in 1881 for cancer of the stomach. Gastrectomies are performed to treat cancer, severe cases of peptic ulcer disease, and perforations of the stomach wall. This procedure is becoming less common as peptic ulcers are now often treated with antibiotics for Helicobacter pylori or by endoscopy. In severe duodenal ulcers it may be necessary to remove the lower portion of the stomach called the pylorus and the upper portion of the small intestine called the duodenum. If there is a sufficient portion of the upper duodenum remaining a Billroth I procedure is performed, where the remaining portion of the stomach is reattached to the duodenum before the bile duct and the duct of the pancreas. If the stomach cannot be reattached to the duodenum a Billroth II is performed, where the remaining portion of the duodenum is sealed off, a hole is cut into the next section of the small intestine called the jejunum and the stomach is reattached at this hole. As the pylorus is used to grind food and slowly release the food into the small intestine, removal of the pylorus can cause food to move into the small intestine faster than normal, leading to gastric dumping syndrome.In the past a gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease was often accompanied by a vagotomy, where the vagus nerve is cut to reduce acid production in the stomach. Nowadays, this problem is managed with proton pump inhibitors. (From the Wikpedia article Gastrectomy.)

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Recent Publications on Gastrectomy:

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Morphometric evaluation of oesophageal wall in patients with nutcracker oesophagus and ineffective oesophageal motility.
The pathogenesis of nutcracker oesophagus (NE) and ineffective oesophageal...
3rd May, 2008
Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008 Apr 28;.
DOI Direct Link
Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents: Preliminary 1-year Results with a Novel Technique (Santoro III).
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery (BS) was recognized as the only treatment...
2nd May, 2008
Service of Pediatric Surgery, Sao Paulo University Medical School, Sao Obes Surg. 2008 May 1;.
DOI Direct Link
[Second time esophageal reconstruction surgery: coloplasty and gastroplasty.]
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the morbidity and mortality of second time...
2nd May, 2008
Servicio de Cirugia General y Digestiva. Hospital Universitari de Cir Esp. 2008 May;83(5):242-6.
Prompt Treatment of Intestinal Obstruction after Biliopancreatic Diversion can Save the Intestinal Loop.
Bariatric surgery is becoming an accepted method for weight reduction....
1st May, 2008
University Hospital "Sisters of Charity", Zagreb, Croatia. Obes Surg. 2008 Apr 30;.
DOI Direct Link
A Novel Weight-Reducing Operation: Lateral Subtotal Gastrectomy with Silastic Ring Plus Small Bowel Reduction with Omentectomy.
BACKGROUND: "The ideal bariatric operation should preserve normal...
30th April, 2008
Surgery, Kennewick General Hospital, 1201 Jadwin Ave., Richland, WA, 9935, Obes Surg. 2008 Apr 29;.
DOI Direct Link

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BioNews Results for Gastrectomy:

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Emergency Sleeve Gastrectomy as Rescue Treatment for Acute Gastric Necrosis Due to Type II Paraesophageal Hern
Doctors Guide:  Apr 21 2008 2:19PM Matching: gastrectomy

Gastrectomy Clinical Trials:

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A Phase III Trial of Laparoscopy-Assisted Distal Gastrectomy in Early Gastric Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Perioperative Nutrition in Upper GI Cancer Surgery
Stomach Neoplasms;   Esophageal Neoplasms;   Surgical Complications
Surgical Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in Non-Morbidly Obese Patients
Diabetes Intervention: Procedure: Surgical Treatment
Advanced Medical Therapy vs. Advanced Medical Therapy Plus Bariatric Surgery for the Resolution of Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2;   Obesity
The Revolutions of Helicobacter Pylori Infection, Bacterial Density, and Histological Features After Antrectomy
Helicobacter Pylori Infection;   Peptic Ulcer;   Bile Reflux;   Gastritis

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Gastrectomy Patents:

US Patent No.Title
6838241 Protein transport-associated molecules
6916326 Gastroplasty ring that can be loosened
6927056 Proteases
6949514 Anti-tumor agents
6971395 Sphincter treatment method

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BioPortfolio Ltd. offers e-mail and postal lists for Gastrectomy scientists - we have details of around 2586 individuals working on Gastrectomy .

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Wikipedia excerpt, where present, licenced under the GNU Free Documentation License. Resources from the NCBI applied. Selected MeSH subject headings created and maintained by the US NLM are used in conjunction with additional keywords. 2006-2008 MeSH.

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