1. Donald Baden-Powell. Nephew of B-P, also at Brownsea.
Donald Baden-Powell wrote in the August edition of The Scouter in 1929 that his most vivid memory of the camp was "... of a miniature tattoo ground which we discovered in another wood below our camping field. Here part of our number sat as an audience on a bank whilst the rest waged mock battles in a small area in front of them. A steep ditch enables the players to come onto the stage without being seen."
2. John Cattermole of Humshaugh. I know very little about this boy, other than from the writings of the Rev. Walter Hatchley (see below) who says that John was a local boy-bugler, who presumably had learnt to play in a local Boys Brigade Company and had been 'borrowed' by B-P to act as bugler at the camp. Rev. Hatchley also reports that in 1957 John Cattermole sent the bugle back to Humshaugh to be played at a commemorative campfire, but, unfortunately, has no further details - so I would welcome any more information about this boy or his bugle.
Until November 2002, Charles Hogg (see the section 'Curlews Patrol' below) was the only Humshaugh participant to have been identified on a photograph, and, as far as I know, only in these Pages. However, the evidence for a further identification has been there since 1985 when Rev. Hatchley named the bugler at Humshaugh as John Cattermole. Although never previously identified as such, he is to be seen blowing his bugle on the 'Saluting the Union Jack', postcard shown above. He is to be seen to the left of the flagpole, behind the guyline supporting it, above the space between the words 'Union' and 'Jack' in the caption on the postcard and shown here, much enlarged
3. Humphrey Noble. Had also attended Brownsea with his brother Marc, (who was not present at Humshaugh.)
The boys' father had subsidised the Brownsea Camp and had gone on to become County Commissioner for Northumberland. The Nobles lived only a few miles away from the Humshaugh site at Walwick Grange and Sir Humphrey Noble was still resident there in the 1950s. In B-P's letter to Peter Keary on 9th August he wrote that he located the campsite as being at Walwick Grange. B-P had also visited the house in connection with his duties as Inspector of the Territorial Army. There seems then little doubt that his friendship with the Nobles' led to the selection of the site and of course B-P's continued 'sponsorship' of Humphrey.
4. C B P Peake.
In an article in The Scouter dated December 1954 on the Humshaugh Camp, The Rev. Aiden Pickering wrote that the editor of The Scouter in the previous November had tried to put him in contact with one of only two known survivors of the camp, C B P Peak. If the average age of the campers was around fifteen, they would have only been 61 in 1954 and they surely would not all have died by then. It seems remarkable to me that these early pioneers were not honoured, and links maintained with them, as was the case with the Brownsea participants.
As the name Peake does not exist on 'The Gallant Thirty' list, he must have been in the 'Wolves' patrol, the specially invited group. This hypothesis is strengthened by the fact that Peak became Sir C B P Peak KCMG., MC., British Ambassador to Greece in the 1950s. Given the class system at the time, it seems reasonable to assume that this boy was in the same social category as Noble and Rodney. As five of the boys in this patrol were directly invited by B-P, another assumption could be that Peake was invited by Peter Keary, given B-P's letter to Keary on the 9th August quoted above.
6. Edmund H J Wynne. The presence of this boy has been arrived at by much detective work.
In Headquarters Gazette July 1912, p. 201, there is article 'An Old Etonian's Appeal' by 'E.H.J.W.' In the article he wrote that he was invited by B-P 10 days before the camp began. Wynne was not a Scout at the time; he said that he met his first Boy Scout at the camp. "I was in a tent with five others, one of whom, the patrol leader, was an Etonian like myself."
Image from a photograph, courtesy of Mr Brian Billington, Scout Postcard Collector
Further light was shed on the poor-quality image of the photograph, shown at the start of this section, when I was attending the Gilwell Reunion in September, 2002.
Whilst there I met one of our most avid readers, Brian Billington. He is a keen Scout postcard collector and he had bought a photograph, not a postcard, that he had been told was of a group of Scouts on Brownsea Island in 1907. Naturally, he had searched our Brownsea article but could find nothing, so he progressed to the Page on the Humshaugh camp. And there it was!
Brian kindly sent me a photograph of his photograph, a scan of which is shown here. Unlike our original version, which was made in November, 1999, this image needed no enhancement and shows far more detail. Better still, there is information on the back. "Charles Willman Hogg (small scout standing) from Middlesbrough High School. Born 7.11.94" CW Hogg from Middlesbrough does indeed appear on the 'Gallant 30' list. This, as far as I am aware, is the only occasion on which a Humshaugh participant has been positively identified on a photograph! And, since our identification of John Cattermole on the 'Saluting the Union Jack' postcard shown above, he is one of only two of the Boy Scouts at Humshaugh to be (so far!) identified.
The photograph sent my Web Designer, Mike Ryalls, into paroxysms of analysis and speculation:
"The print is from the same negative as our original image, the pattern of dots of dust in the sky in the top centre of both images is identical.
"The scan was about twice the size of the original photograph. Viewing this at 2:1" (i.e. double the size - four times the size of the original) "revealed some amazing detail.
"The Scout Staffs appear to be engraved around their circumferences. Towards the top the engravings are closer together. I take these to be feet and inches markings, which would make the tall young gentleman standing on the left about 5' 6", tall for the times and his probable age. Although as reproduced here, he appears to be wearing a suit, he is in shorts - though they reach down to just below his knees. The staff held by Charles Hogg (standing, third left) appears to be longer than the others, but, according to the engravings visible on it, it is not - it is a six-foot staff held more vertically than the others and appears to show that Charles Hogg was about 4' 6" tall.
"The photograph is quite formally-posed; the four standing Boy Scouts all have what appear to be lidded tea-cans or billies, the two in the centre having them attached to their belts. The belts, where visible, are not 'Boy Scout' belts with fleur-de-lis buckles, but appear to be of similar size and type with plain, narrow, rectangular buckles. The Boy Scout with the patrol flag (who, from the blurring on the photograph, appears to have covered his mouth to cough or sneeze the instant the picture was taken!) has a clasp-knife attached to his. The seated boys do not have Scout Staffs.
"The boy seated left and the one standing right appear to be wearing shirts with 'button-down' collars, not a style I was aware was available then. There are few other shirt buttons to be seen, so I am not sure on this point. If they are not buttons, they may be decorative tips to the collars, as is sometime seen on 'cowboy' shirts. If this was the case, what were these decorations? All the boys' neckerchiefs are tied with a necktie knot - woggles had not yet been invented! The boy seated right seems proud of the object he holds across his lap, but what is it?" (I identified this at once as a 'broom bessom' - a sweeping brush made of dry heather or broom, but if you have any other ideas . . . )
"The tantalizing questions are: Who was the Patrol Leader of Curlews? and which of the boys pictured was the author of the diary in the Canadian Scout Archives? The imperious young man standing left has the look of one 'born to lead' and we know from the diary that the writer was elected Patrol Leader. Our research will continue and who knows what we might discover?
"Finally, a radical suggestion: The boy standing on the right has a badge on his left lapel, shown here, much enlarged.(There is some indication that the boy standing right has one too, but the photograph is not clear enough for a positive identification.) We know that B-P made badges for all the boys at the Brownsea Camp and that George Rodney was the Patrol Leader of Curlews Patrol on Brownsea. Did B-P use the invited members of Wolves Patrol as 'seed corn' to provide Patrol Leaders at the Humshaugh Camp? George Rodney was at Humshaugh, could he, once again, have been appointed Patrol Leader of Curlews? An intriguing fact is that George (then Lord) Rodney emigrated to Canada in 1919. Was he the diarist, whose anonymous volume is in the Canadian Scout Archives, and is the personable-looking boy on the right of the picture George Rodney, the Patrol Leader of Curlews at Humshaugh?"
It would seem that the only Etonian of the day with the same initials of EHJW (fortunately, enough in number to be reasonably certain of a correct match) was one Edmund Henry John Wynne who was at Eton from 1907 to Easter 1911. Although not part of 'The Gallant Thirty', that Edmund Wynne deserved his place was justified by his future actions. He went on to form a Scouting patrol near Wrexham which, I believe, to have been close to his family home. He was invited again to B-P's camp at Beaulieu. In the summer of 1910, Wynne held a camp for 20 boys in the 'park at home'. The following year the camp had grown to over 120 boys. (I am extremely indebted to Eton College Archivist Mrs P Hatfield who has kindly taken the time to research my queries.)
Lieutenant Edward H J Wynne joined the Grenadier Guards after Christ Church, Oxford and died of wounds on September 16th, 1916, joining the horrendous casualty list of campers from Brownsea and Humshaugh. His early death explains why we hear no more about him in the annals of Scouting History.
Baden-Powell wrote his obituary in Headquarters Gazette in December 1916. "'Teddy' Wynne was", he wrote, "heart and soul a scout." B-P recalled an incident from the time that Wynne, on holiday from Eton, had spent time washing dirty dishes at the Beaulieu camp. Before he was 21 he was a Scoutmaster running his own troop from his home at Coed Coch in North Wales. "...though his life was a short one, it was a happy one helping others...."
The names listed above would appear to be the first 'register' of the all the campers at Humshaugh ever published. I have enjoyed piecing together the jigsaw!
If you can shed any light on the Humshaugh pioneers please let me know. I would be very pleased to include any further information on these pages with suitable acknowledgement.
I have used this un-Scoutlike term instead of 'Scouters' because I am not sure just how many of them were Scouters at that time.
Baden-Powell and Captain Colbron Pearse were Joint Commandants and, as already noted, Quartermaster Holt was then yet another employee of Pearson's. In addition, there were three Scoutmasters, each looking after two patrols. However, the following five men were known to be present:
Mr Percy Everett, another editor of Pearson's, spent 'a few days' at the camp. He was central to the early development of Scouting as were, to varying degrees, the others.
Mr Victor Bridges Everett wrote that he, "is another early worker to whom the Scout Movement is greatly indebted. He acted as Secretary throughout the most anxious periods, and his health has, I am afraid, permanently suffered owing to the enormous pressure he worked under for some months." Victor Bridges had been invited by Percy Everett to become the first Secretary of the Scout Association in 1908. He combined that rôle with a career as a prolific and popular novelist.
Mr W B Wakefield was, "...a keen and enthusiastic organiser of Scouts within the ranks of the YMCA." He had a long career within Scouting and in 1936 presented 250 acres of forest besides Lake Windermere to the Association. This became Great Tower Campsite
Mr Eric Walker "...a welcome and familiar friend in every Scouting centre" wrote Everett. Eric Walker toured Canada in 1910 with 16 scouts giving demonstrations of Scouting and left Scout work in 1914 to join the Royal Flying Corps. He was subsequently shot down and escaped from his prison camp using wire cutters disguised as a ham bone sent to him by B-P! Walker enlisted in the RAF in the 2nd World War and narrowly avoided capture in the Western Desert. He later travelled extensively, (at one stage rum-running) before building the revolutionary Outspan Hotel at Nyeri, Kenya, that incorporated the famous 'Treetops Hotel'. It was here that Princess Elizabeth learnt, in 1952, on the death of her father King George VI, that she had become Queen Elizabeth II. Walker commented that never before had anyone climbed a tree as a princess and come down as Queen! Baden-Powell stayed at the hotel and loved to observe the wild animals from Treetops. He became a shareholder in his friend Walker's hotel concern so that a 'cottage' could be built which became his final home, Paxtu, where he died in 1941.
Both Walker and Wakefield were appointed after the camp as 'Scout Inspectors'. Walker for Wales and the South of England, Wakefield for Scotland and the North of England.
Mr Henry Holt went on to become the Scout Association Quartermaster, and a permanent employee of the Scout Association, running what became the Scout Shop. Percy Everett contributed to an article about Holt in the HQ Gazette in December, 1913, which was part of the Some of our Workers series. Sir Percy says that he himself was 'chiefly responsible' for recruiting Holt to the position of Quartermaster at Humshaugh, where his sympathy with the boys and his grasp of detail made him a great success.
Captain D Colbron Pearse the Joint Commandant of the camp, was also responsible for the Bulls Patrol and is mentioned on an almost daily basis in the diary of participant H Thompson. In 1908, Baden-Powell encouraged the formation of committees in large centres of population and this work was assisted by Pearse, who was appointed by the Chief to act as a kind of travelling 'organising secretary'. Colbron Pearse was one of the earliest Scoutmasters in North East London, founding the 1st Hampstead Scout Group, which gave demonstrations of Scouting across the country prior to the Humshaugh camp. He had camped with his boys at Grindon with Colonel Vaux's Lampton Street Vendors' Club Scouts in May 1908 (see The Background above) and went on to become the Commissioner for North East London. He was presented with a Honorary Silver Wolf by the Chief Scout. (The award, at this time, was normally earned by boys on gaining the King's Scout badge and a certain number of proficiency badges.) Other than that, no other biographical material has yet been discovered on Captain Pearce. It seems surprising that such a prominent leader should disappear into obscurity, but that appears to be the case. Milestones would welcome further information on this Scouting pioneer.
Mr J L C Booth - When this article was written in late 2001, I knew nothing whatsoever about Booth and was unable to find anything more about him, despite continuing research. Then, early in 2004, an Angela Booth wrote to Milestones from Sydney, Australia, to say that whilst searching for details of her Grandfather's cousin, J L C Booth, she came up with this Site. Prior to that, she had no idea that her relative was in any way connected with Baden-Powell or the Scout Movement, but both she and I are now convinced that we have an interest in the same man!
John Booth, his pipe and his constant companion
John Lionel Calvert Booth was born on October 28th, 1876 at Killerby Hall, near Catterick, in the North Riding of Yorkshire. His father died when he was ten years old and his mother took the family to live, at least for a period, to Bushey, in Hertfordshire. John was a very talented artist who, as a child, illustrated and wrote stories for the rest of the extended Booth family. He was educated at Forest School, Epping Forest, Essex and went on to become a war correspondent for, amongst others, Punch. In the Boer War, a photo exists of him on-board a ship en-route to South Africa, along with a young Winston Churchill. It may have been from his time in South Africa, or on one of the 'Castle' ships that plied between England and the Cape, that he met Baden-Powell. He also spent a total of 15 years with the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment, so, as B-P was Inspector of Cavalry after the Boer War, that might alternatively have been where they met.
J L CBooth illustrated a number of publications and had a few books of his own published - he loved to draw hunting scenes, which had formed a large part of his childhood, as both his parents were keen hunters with the Bedale. He also had a very keen sense of humour which shines through in both his writing and illustrations.
He married Margaret (Daisy) Dockerill, also a talented artist, in 1905 and they had two sons John Calvert and Arthur Frank, both of whom were to die in The Second World War. John Booth covered the Balkans conflict, also for Punch, from 1912 to 1913, after which he and his family emigrated to Western Australia in 1914. He had only been there for 9 months when The First World War broke out and he enlisted in the ANZAC. He died on March 28th, 1915, as a result of wounds received at Gallipoli. Amongst his possessions listed as being returned to his wife was his beloved banjo which went everywhere with him. His wife and children returned to England after the War, following a period with other Booth relations in South Africa. Today, there are two grand-daughters living in England and a number of great grandchildren.
It was the mention of the banjo in Angela Booth's biography of her relative that clinched the identification. The odds of having three initials and a surname correct and in the same order are very great indeed, but we know, both from Angela's account and from Humshaugh diarists, that John Booth never went anywhere without his banjo. The role this banjo, John Booth's talent and his humour were to play in the story of the Humshaugh camp will be seen later in this article, and a once shadowy figure emerges into the light as yet another 'identification' is accomplished through the power of the Internet.
FINALLY, there is a letter in the UK Scout Archive from a Rev W J Hatchley dated May 19th, 1982, in which he suggests that there were two American instructors at Humshaugh. In 2002, through the wonders of the Internet and via the intermediary of his friend Mr J Telfer, an ex-Newcastle Scout, I was able to talk to the Rev Walter Hatchley. It transpired that we had both researched the Humshaugh Camp in some depth, Walter in 1985, whilst writing his booklet The Best Scout that England Ever Had, and me more recently, being totally unaware of the work he had done. We had read the same diaries and trod many of the same paths. Walter was able to help me with the site of the well on the Humshaugh plan of the campsite (shown above) which I had read in the original diary as the word 'West', and who I thought might have been one of the two American instructors that he had found some evidence for. Unfortunately, many of Walter's records are now lost and he could not recall any further information regarding the 'American Instructors' other than in his booklet, which refers to an account of the camp published by the Newcastle Daily Journal on August 25th, 1908 and states "Two ex-cowboys from America are included in the scouts' instructors." Walter noted that if this otherwise uncorroborated information is correct, it is very early evidence of the international dimension to Scouting. Tantalisingly, the Patrol Leader of Curlews records in his diary (see below) that on Monday 31st August, there was a new Scoutmaster. However, other than the initial letter, his name, F--------- , is indecipherable. The name appears to have a total of 10 letters. There is more detective work to be done here!